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pour violonceUe, op. 10 ; Trois nocturnes ;
Deux adagios, op. 21, 29 ; Premier concerto
pour violonceUe et orchestre, op. 33, etc.
Grove ; Fetis ; Larousse ; Mendel.

FRANCISCELLO (Francischello), ;

violoncellist, living in Italy in the early part
of the 18th century (1713-50). His birth-
place is unknown ; as he retired to Genoa
in his old age, it may have been his native
place. First celebrated at Rome shortly
after the death of Corelli (1713), he was to the
violoncello what Corelli was to the violin, and
was the first to substitute that instrument
for the bass-viol, which almost disappear-
ed from Italian orchestras before 1730.
Quautz heard him in Naples in 1725 ; Ge-
miuiaui speaks of hearing him play with
Scarlatti when that master accompanied him
on the harpsichord. Beiida heard him in
Vienna in 1730, and took him for his model
ou the violin. Gerber says that Duport
heard him at Genoa ; if so, he must have
been over seventy-five years of age. Fetis,
iii. 307; Grove, i. 358; Mendel, iv. 14;
Schilling, iii. 32.

Liege, Dec. 10, 1822. Pianist, pupil at the
Liege Conservatoire, subsequently at that in
Paris (1837) under Zimmerman, Leborne,
and Beuoist, winning the 2d organ prize in
1841. He was organist of Saiute-Clotilde,
Paris. His oratorio, Ruth, composed some
twenty-five years before, was given in Paris
in 1846, when he succeeded Benoist as pro-
fessor of the organ at the Conservatoire.
He published pianoforte and violin music.
Fetis, iii. 310 ; do., Supplement, i. 347 ;
Mendel ; Viotta.

FRANCE, EDUARD, born in Breslau,
Dec. 5, 1817, still living, 1889. Instru-
mental composer and pianist, studied music
in his native city and, 1843-46, in Italy, then
settled in Berlin, whence he was called to


Cologne as professor of the pianoforte at
the Conservatorium. In 1859 he went as
musical director to Berne, and in 1867 to
Berlin to teach at Stern's Conservatorium.
Works : Symphony, op. 47 ; Quintet for
pianoforte, op. 45 ; Sextet, op. 41 ; Sonata
for violoncello, op. 42 ; Duos for pianoforte,
op. 46 ; Six sonatas, op. 40 ; Three do., op.
43 ; Symphonies, overtures, concertos, etc.
Mendel ; Eiemann.

in Hamburg in 1641, died in Spain after
1688. Dramatic composer, one of the ear-
liest German writers of opera. He pro-
duced fourteen works, all of which were
represented in Hamburg in 1679-86. In
1688 he went to Spain, and became a favour-
ite composer of Don Carlos II., a distinction
which led to his death by assassination.
Works Operas : Michael und David ; An-
dromeda mid Perseus ; Die Mutter der
Makkabiier ; Don Pedro ; Aeneas ; Jodelet ;
Semele ; Hannibal ; Charitiue ; Dioeletia-
nus ; Attila ; Vespasiauus ; Kara Mustafa, in
two parts : I. Die Belagerung Wiens ; H.
Die erfreuliche Eutsatzung Wiens. He
published also sonatas for two violins and
bass, and church compositions. Fetis ;
Mendel ; Eiemann.

FRANCE, JOSEPH, born in Liege
about 1820, still living, 1889. Organist and
violinist ; brother of Cesar Auguste Franck ;
pupil at the Liege, and subsequently at the
Paris Conservatoire. He was rnaitre de
chapelle and organist of the Church des
Maisons Etrangeres and of that of Saint-
Thomas d'Aquin, Paris, and a teacher
of the pianoforte and organ. Works :
Collections of motets for one or sev-
eral voices with two choirs ; Ode to
St. Cecilia, with orchestra ; Concertos
for pianoforte with quartet or orches-
tra ; Cantatas ; Masses ; Songs. He
is the author of several theoretical and
practical works for the instruction of
the pianoforte and organ. Futis, iii.
310 ; do., Supplement, i. 347 ; Mendel ;

FKANCK, MELCHIOE, born in Zittau
about 1580, died in Coburg, June 1, 1639.
Church composer, lived in Nuremberg
about 1600, and became Kapellmeister to
the Duke of Coburg in 1603. Gerber gives
a list of 44 of his works. He sometimes
embellished his melodies in the Italian
style, and was one of the earliest composers
to make the instrumental accompaniment
more independent. Some of his chorals are
still sung. Works : Melodise sacra; (1600-
7) ; Musikalische Bergreyen (1602); Con-
trapuncti compositi (1602) ; Teutsche Psal-
meu uud Kirchengesiinge (1602) ; Neue
Paduauen, Galliarden (1603) ; Opusculum
etlicher newer und alter Reuterliedleiu
(1603) ; Neues Quodlibet (1604) ; Farrago
(1604) ; Teutsche weltliche Gesi'mge uud
Tiintze (1605) ; Geistliche Gesilnge und
Melodien (1608) ; Neue musikalische Intra-
den (1608) ; Flores musicales (1610) ; Musi-
kalische FrOhlichkeit (1610) ; Tricinia nova
(1611) ; Viucula uatalitia (1611) ; Sechs
deutsche Kouzerte (1611) ; Snspiria mu-
sica (1612) ; Opusculum etlicher geistli-
cher Gesange (1612) ; Viridarium musi-
cum (1613) ; Recreationes musicpe (1614) ;
Zween Grabgesange (1614) ; Zwey newe
Hochzeitsgesange (1614) ; Threnodies Da-
vidic;u (1615) ; Die trostreicheu Worte aus
dem 54. Kapitel Esaiil (1615) ; Delicias
amoris (1615) ; Fasciculus quodlibeticus
(1615) ; Geistlicher musikalischer Lustgar-
ten (1616) ; Lilia musicalia (1616) ; Teut-
sches musikalisches frohliches Kouvivium
(1621) ; Laudes Dei vespertine (1622) ;

Newe teutsche Magnificat (1622) ; Gemmu-
10B evangelioruni musicaj (1623-24) ; Newes



liebliches musikalisches Lustgiirtlein (1G23) ;
40 Teutsche lustige musikalische Taiitze
(1624) ; Newes musikaliscbes Opusculum
(1624) ; Sacri convivii musica sacra (1G28) ;
Bosetulom niusicuru (1628) ; Cithara eccle-
siastica et scholastica ; Psalmodia sacra
(1631) ; Dulces muudani exilii delici;u
(1631) ; Der 51 Psalm (1634) ; Paradisus
ruusicus (1636). Rieuiann ; Fetis ; Mendel ;
Gerber ; Allgem. d. Biogr., vii. 213 ; Grove ;
Wiuterfeld, Der evang. Kirchengesang, ii.

FRANCE, MICHAEL, born at Schleu-
siugen, March 16, 1609, died at Coburg,
Sept. 24, 1667. Vocal composer, studied
music in middle life, after he bad lost all
bis property during the Thirty Years' War,
and in 1640 bad settled at Coburg, where
in 1644 he found employment as teacher at
the Gymnasium. It was then that he took
up music and poetry, with such success as
to be made imperial poet laureate in 1659.
Of bis compositions are known : Geistliches
Harfeuspiel aus dreissig vierstimmigen Arien
uebst Generalbass (Coburg, 1057) ; and the
chorals : Keiu Stundleiu gebt dab in, Acb,
wie nicbtig, ach, wie fliicbtig, and Sey Gott
getreu, halt' seineu Bund. Fetis ; Mendel ;

Paris, Sept. 28, 1698, died there, Aug. 6,
1787. Dramatic composer, member in
1710 of the orchestra of the Opera, where be
formed a lifelong friendship and partner-
ship with Rebel. He was subsequently a
member of the king's private band, and in
1733 composer to the king. He was ap-
pointed joint-inspector of the Opera with
Rebel in 1736, was director in 1751-67, and
superintendent of the king's chamber music
in 1760. He published when young two
books of sonatas, the only works in which
he did not have Rebel as a collaborator.
Works Operas, with Rebel : Pyrame et
Thisbe, 1726 ; Tarsis et Zelie, 1728 ; Scan-
derbeg, 1735 ; Le ballet de la paix, 1738 ;
Les Augustales, 1744 ; Zelindor, 1744 ;
Ismene, 1747 ; Les genies tutulaires, 1757 ;

La princesse de Noisy, 1760. Mendel ;
Grove ; Fetis ; Lai'ousse.

Paris, Oct. 8, 1738, died there, March 10,
1804. Violinist and dramatic composer,
nephew and pupil of Franjois Francceur.
He was first a page of the king's baud,
1746-52, then violinist in the orchestra at
the Opera, second maitre de musique in
17G4, and in 1767 succeeded Berton as di-
recteur en chef, which position be held un-
til 1779. In 1792 be became with Cellerier
manager of the Opera, and in 1794 was di-
I recteur of the Opera with Denesle. Pro-
duced several operas, among them Ismeue
et Lindor, 1766, and Ajas, 1770, and left
others in MS., as well as church music, all of
which are in the Conservatoire Library. He
is the author of " Diapason general de tous
les instruments a vent," etc. (Paris, 1772).
Grove ; Fetis, iii. 311 ; do., Supplement,
i. 348 ; Larousse ; Mendel.

opera in five acts, text by Barbier and Carre,
music by Ambroise Thomas, represented at
the Opera, Paris, April 14, 1882. Subject,
the story of Francesca da Rimini and Paolo
Malatesta, as related by Dante in the "Di-
vina Commedia." One of the composer's
best works.

Amsterdam in 1812, of a distinguished
Portuguese Israelitish family that settled
there in the 16th century. Violoncellist,
pupil of Prilger and Bertelmauu, and sub-
sequently of Merk, in Vienna. After visit-
ing London and Paris with his brother
Joseph, he was appointed in 1831 court
violoncellist. He made another profes-
sional tour in Germany with his brother in
1833, and in 1836 went to Paris to perfect
himself in composition, and established
there a series of quartet matinees with his
brother which were greatly appreciated.
After Joseph's early death he lived princi-
pally in Holland. He published violoncello
and other instrumental music. Orders of
Isabella the Catholic, the Oaken Crown,



Adolph of Nassau. Fetis ; Larousse ; Gru-
goir, Mus. neerlandais du xviiie et xixe siecle,
76 ; Mendel ; Viotta.

Amsterdam, May 4, 1816, died Oct. 14,
1841. Violinist, brother of Jacques Franco-
Mendes ; pupil of Priiger, and in Paris in j
1836 of Baillot. After a professional tour
to London, Paris, and Germany he played .
chiefly at The Hague and Amsterdam. In
1835 two of his quartets for two violins,
viola, and bass were crowned by the Nether-
land Society for the Encouragement of
Music. He left many works in MS. Fetis ;
Larousse ; Gregoir, Mus. ne'erlandais du
xviiie et xixe siucle, 76 ; Viotta.

Judges), overture to the opera of the same
title, by Hector Berlioz, op. 3, first performed
at the Conservatoire, Paris, May 26, 1828.
The opera, written by Berlioz in 1825, on a
libretto by Humbert Ferrand, was declined
by the committee of the Academic Royale
de Musique, and only the overture ever saw
the light. The score of the opera was de-
stroyed. The overture was the first of
his works to gain him any lasting reputa-
tion. Published, full score and parts, by
Richault and Hofmeister (Leipsic) ; in parts
for military baud, arranged by Wieprecht,
Richault ; for pianoforte. 4 hands, Richault,
Hofmeister ; do., arranged by Karl Czerny,
Meyer (Brunswick) ; do., 2 hands, arranged
by Liszt, Schott (Mainz). Given in New
York, Philharmonic Society, season of
1845-46. Jullien, Hector Berlioz (1888),

FRANK, ERNST, born in Munich, Feb.
7, 1847, still living, 1889. Dramatic and
vocal composer, and excellent conductor,
pupil of Mortier de Fontaine on the piano-
forte and of Franz Lachner in composition ;
became court organist and chorus-master at
the Royal Opera, and in 18G8 Kapellmeister
at Wiirzburg. In 1869 he was made chorus-
master at the Opera in Vienna, where he
afterwards conducted the Siugvereiu and
the Academische Gesangvereiu. Hof-Ka-

pellmeister at Mannheim in 1872-77, he
was called to Frankfort as first Kapellmeis-
ter at the theatre, and in 1879 to Hanover as
von Billow's successor. In 1887 he became
insane, and was committed to an asylum.
Works : Adam de la Halle, opera, given at
Carlsruhe, 1880 ; Hero, do., Berlin, 1884 ;
Duettiuos for female voices ; Rattenfiiuger
Lieder from Wolff's Singuf, with violin
obligate ; Other songs and choruses. He
translated into German the operas, The
Veiled Prophet, and Savonarola by Stanford,
and Colomba by Mackenzie. Mendel, Er-
giiuz., 113; Riemann.

at Wiimbach, Schwarzbm'g-Sondershausen,
Germany, Aug. 20, 1824, died at Sonders-
hausen, Nov. 22, 1885. Dramatic composer,
pupil at Sondershauseu of Bartel the elder,
of Ernst Bartel in theory, of Birustein on
the organ, and of G. Hermann on the piano-
forte ; then at Leipsic of Plaidy, Karl Ferdi-
nand Becker, and Hauptmann. In 1847 he
entered the princely orchestra at Sonders-
hausen as violinist, and afterwards became
its assistant conductor. During his annual
furlough he conducted the operas at Erfurt,
Halle, Frankfort, etc. He was also an ex-
cellent harpist, and able teacher, and
published hand-books on instrumentation,
and harmony, and a method for the or-
gan. Works Operas : Die Hochzeit zu
Venedig, four acts, given at Soudershausen,
1847 ; Viueta, three acts, text by Bohn,
ib., Jan. 30, 1851 ; Der Giinstling, three
acts, text by Lemm, ib., 1863. Riemann.

FRANZ, J. H. (Count Bolko von Hoch-
berg), born at Castle Fiirstenstein, Silesia,
Jan. 23, 1843, still living, 1889. Dramatic
composer, supported in Dresden, for several
years, a string quartet bearing his name,
and in 1876 instituted the Silesian music
festivals. In 1886 he was appointed in-
tendant general of the royal Prussian court
theatres. Works : Claudiue von Villabella,
given at Schwerin, 1864 ; Der Warwolf
(Die Falkensteiner), Hanover, 1876 ; Sym-
phonies, songs, etc.



FRANZ, KARL, born at Langenbielau,
Silesia, in 1738, died in Munich in 1802.
Played the horn in the service of the Arch-
bishop of Olmiitz iu 1758 ; then joined
Prince Esterhazy's orchestra in Eisenstadt,
and became the greatest virtuoso on the
barytone, the predecessor of the violoncello.
Haydn composed a cantata, Deutschland's
Klage auf den Tod Friedrich's des Grossen,
with barytone accompaniment, especially for
him. He spent eight years in Presburg
under Cardinal Bathiany, and in 1787
was called to Munich as chamber musician.
Works : 12 barytone concertos. Allgem.
d. Biogr., vii. 319 ; Mendel ; Fetis ; Grove.
FRANZ ROBERT, born in Halle, June
28, 1815, still liv-
ing, 1889. After
studying by him-
self several years,
he became a pupil
at Dessau (1835-
37) of Schneider
in pianoforte, har-
mony, and coun-
terpoint; returned
tin n to Halle, and,
without employ-
ment for six years, made thorough studies in
Bach, Beethoven, and Schubert. In 1841 his
sense of hearing began to decline. In 1843 he
published his first set of twelve songs, which
won him the sincere admiration of Schumann,
and later of Mendelssohn, Gade, Liszt, and
others. About this time he was appointed
organist at the Ulrichskirche in Halle, and
conductor at the Singacademie. Somewhat
later he was given the titles of Koniglicher
Musiktlirektor and Doctor of Music, the
latter for his musical lectures at the Hallo
University. His deafness gradually became
more and more serious, and in 18~>l! v\as
aggravated by nervous disorders. In 18G8
he was forced to throw up all his employ-
ments, and almost entirely to abandon com-
position. The pecuniary difficulties result-
ing from this were made up for by a sum of
about $25,000 realized from concerts given

in 1872 for Franz's benefit by Liszt, Joa-
chim, Helene Magnus, and others, and by
sums raised in a similar way in Boston,
Mass., by Otto Dresel (his intimate friend
and co-worker), B. J. Lang, and Sebastian
B. Schlesiuger. Franz's fame rests upon a
twofold basis : iipon his songs, and upon
his additional accompaniments to choral
works by Bach, Handel, Durante, and As-
torga. He is uudisputedly the greatest liv-
ing song-writer : the legitimate successor of
Schubert and Schumann. At first his songs
were caviare to the general public, but the
admiration of men like Schumann and Men-
delssohn, and the ardent propagandism of
Liszt (through his incomparable pianoforte
transcriptions), of the baritone Stockhausen,
and others in Germany, and of Otto Dresel
in America (at one time Boston was one of
the chief focuses of the Franz cult), helped
much to gain them universal recognition.
Franz's additional accompaniments to old
choral works are to be ranked only with
what is most perfect in this difficult depart-
ment. In this matter he has been from the
first a stout opponent of Chrysander, Spit-
ta, and others of more timidly archreologi-
cal tendencies. Works I. Original : 257
songs, in 45 sets, for voice and pianoforte,
published by Breitkopf & Hiirtel, Whist-
ling, Peters, Senff, Fritzsch, etc. ; Kyrie a
rappella for 4-part chorus and soli; Psalm
pxvii. for double chorus (8 parts) a cap-
pella ; Liturgy for the evangelical service ;
G chorals ; 6 part-songs for mixed voices,
and 6 do. for male voices. H. Arrange-
ments, from J. S. Bach : Matthaus-Possion ;
II '< /m(r/Vs-Oratorium, Parts I. and II. ; Mn<j-
nificat in D ; Traiier-Ode. Church canta-
tas : /.'.- ist dir gesagt, Mensch, was gut ist ;
Gott fiihret auf mit Jauchzeu ; L-h hat to
viel Bekiimmerniss ; Jl'er sich selbst erh<">-
het ; ewiges Feuer ; Lobet Gott in Seiuen
Reichen ; W<-r da glaubet und getauft wird ;
Ach wie fliichtig, aeh wie nichtig ; Freue
dich, erloste Schaar ; Gottes Zeit ist die
allerbeste Zeit (Actus tragicus) ; Sie wer-
den aus Saba Alle kommen ; Airs from





other cantatas, etc. For soprano : Mein
Seelenscbatz ist Gottes Wort, from Gleich
wie der Regen uncl Scbnee ; Aucli mit
gediimpften, schwachen Stimruen, from
Sehwingt freudig euch empor ; Liflxtfr
Jesu, mein Verlangen ; Qottlob, nun gebt
das Jabr zu Elide ; Herr, deiue Giite, from
AVer Dank opfert, der preisset micb ; Herr,
der du stark und macbtig bist, from Meirie
Seele erbebt den Herren ; Gedenk' ail uns
mit deiuer Liebe, from Wir daukeu dir,
Gott ; Mein gliiubiges Herze, from Also
bat Gott die Welt geliebt. For alto : Ein
ungefarbtGemiithe ; Menschcn, glaubt docb
dieser Gnade, from Cbrist unser Herr zum
Jordan kam ; Domine Fili unigenite, from
G Minor Mass ; O Meuscb, errette deine
Seele, from O Ewigkeit, du Donnerwort ;

IIVc furcbtsam wanken meine Scbritte, from
Alleiu zu dir, Herr Jesu Cbrist. For tenor :

\\'i-]i'h TJebermaass der Giite, from Wer
Darik opfert ; Ergiesse dicb reicblicb, from
Wo soil icb flieben bin ; I'nxrr Mund und
Ton der Saiteu, from Wie scbi'm leucbtet der
Morgenstern ; Nun mijgt ibr stolzen Feinde,
from Herr, \venn die stolzen Feinde schnau-
ben ; Jrh will dir zu Ebren leben, from
Fallt mit Danken ; Die Liebe ziebt mit
sauften Scbritten, from Scb/wingt freudig
eucb empor. For Imss : I '</:-/ innnir, Hul-
leubeer, from Wo soil icb flieheu bin ; (lutf
Xacbt, du Weltgetummel, from Wcr weiss
wie nabe mir mein Ende ; Dock weicbet,
ibr tolleu, vergeblicben Sorgen, from Lieb-
ster Gott, wann werd' icb sterben ; Gott ist
gerecbt, from O Ewigkeit, du Dounerwort ;
Gott, bei deineni starken Scbiitzen, from
Wiir' Gott nicbt mit uus diese Zeit. Duets :
Herr, dein Mitleid, for S. and B., from
Herrscber des Himmels, erbOre das Lalleu ;
Cbriste eleison, for 2 S., from tbe Hohe
Mi'ssc ; Wenn Sorgen auf micb dringen, for
S. and A., from Acb Gott, wie mancbes
Herzeleid ; Et in ununi Dominum, for S.
and A., from tbe Hohe Messe ; Domine
Deus, for S. and A., from tbe G major
Mass ; Four movements from Mit s ika ?/V /(<.,
Opfer, for pianoforte, flute, and violin ;

Suite in E minor, for pianoforte (Leipsic,
Breitkopf & Hiirtel). From G. F. Handel :
L' Allegro, il Peuseroso, ed il Moderate ;
Jubilate, in D ; Tbe Messiah. Airs, for so-
prano : Cara sposa, from Eadamisto ; Sommi
Dei, from do. ; Vanne, sorella ingrata, from
do. ; Mio bel tesoro, from Alciua ; Mio caro
bene, from Rodeliuda ; Ritorna, o caro, from
do. ; II vostro maggio, from Rinaldo ; M>'nti.
eterne, from Lotario ; Spi'ra si, mio caro
bene, from Admeto ; SI, t' amo, ocara, from
Muzio Scevola ; S't'i nou mi vuole amar,
frorn Tamerlano ; Ab, non son io cbe parlo.
from Ezio. For alto : Con rauco mormorio,
from Eoclelinda ; Confusa si miri 1' infida
consorte, from do. ; Si, si minaccia, e vinta,
from Sosarine ; Empio, diro, tu sei, from
Giulio Cesare ; Pupille sclegnose, from
Muzio Scevola ; Un disprezzato affetto, from
Otbone ; Io sperai trovar riposo, from do. ;
Son confusa pastorella, from Poro ; S/il/e
amare, gia vi seuto, from Tolomeo ; Furi-
li'imln spira il vento, from Partenope ; (,'i-
acchil morir non posso, from Radamisto ;
n fida Io sposo, from Ezio. Duets : Se
teco vive il cor, for 2 S., from Radamisto ;
Fuor di periglio, for S. and T., from Flori-
daute ; Io t'abbraccio, for S. and A., from
Rodelinda ; Per le porte del tormento, for
S. and A., from Sosarme ; Eicordnti, mio
ben, for S. and A., from Flavio ; Deb, per-
dona, for S. and A., from do. ; Hco in te,
for S. and A., from Tamerlano ; A teueriaf-
fetti, for S. and A., from Otbone ; Cara, piti
amabile beltu, for S. and A., from Giulio
Cesare ; Cbe vai pensando, for S. and B.,
Kammer-Duett, No. 5 ; VA, speme infida,
pur !, for 2 S., id., No. 7 ; Tacete, ohimi',
tacete, for S. and B., id., No. 10 ; Languc,
geme, for S. and A., id., No. 13. From
otber composers : Astorga's Slabat Mater ;
Francesco Durante's Magnificat in 13-flat.
HL Literary works : Offeuer Brief an Edu-
ard Hanslick iiber Bearbeitungen alterer
Tonwerke, namentlicb Bacb'scber und Hiin-
del'scber Vocalmusik (Leipsic, 1871) ; Mit-
tbeilungen iiber J. S. Bacb's Magnificat
(Halle, 18G3). Ambros, Rob. Franz, Bine


Studie (Leipsic, 1872) ; La Mara, Mus.
Studienkopfe, iii. 131 ; Liszt, Ges. Schrif-
ten, iv. 207 ; Mus. Wocheublatt, i. 211, 228,
247 ; Schumann, Ges. Schriften, ii. 348 ;
Schuster, Rob. Franz (Leipsic, 1874) ;
Sarau, Eob. Franz uud das deutsche Volks-
imd Kircheulied (Leipsic, 1875) ; Illustr.
Zeitg. (1872), i. 288 ; ii. 213.

FRANZ, STEPHAN, born in Vienna, 1785,
died there in 1850 (?). Violinist, pupil of
his father and several other Viennese violin
teachers, and on the pianoforte pupil of
Dominik Ruprecht, and in composition of
Albrechtsberger, besides which he was often
advised by Josef Haydn. For a short time
compelled by his father to follow a mercan-
tile career, he was soon led back to music,
being offered a permanent employment as
teacher, and as first violinist in a private
quartet, in a weal thy nobleman's house. He
held this position in 1803-G, then a similar
one at Presburg, and in 1807 became mu-
sical director to a nobleman iu Stuhlweis-
seuburg county, where he devoted himself
to composition. He gave successful con-
certs at Presburg, Pesth, and other Hun-
garian cities, returned to Vienna in 1813,
became first violinist at the Theater an der
Wien, and in 1816 a member of the imperial
orchestra. In great demand as a teacher,
he gave up his position at the theatre in 1818,
and in 1820 also ceased to perform in pub-
lic. From 1828 to 1850 he conducted the
orchestra of the Burgtheater. Works : Sym-
phony ; 15 overtures ; about 90 entr'actes ;
Grand mass ; Graduals and offertories ;
String quintet ; Several quartets, concert-
pieces, variations, solos, etc., for violin ;
Septet for flute, violin, oboe, bassoon, horn,
violoncello, and bass ; Quintet, quartets,
trios, and duos for flute ; Rondo for harp
and orchestra ; Two pianoforte trios, varia-
tions for pianoforte ; Songs. Fetis ; Men-
del ; Wurzbach ; Neue wiener Musikzei-
tung (1856), 4.

FRANZL, FERDINAND, born at Schwet-
zingen in the Palatinate, May 24, 1770, died
in Mannheim, November, 1833. Violinist

and dramatic composer, son and pupil of
Ignaz Frauzl, whom he greatly surpassed as a
composer. He joined the Mannheim court
baud in 1782, made concert tours with his
father from 1785, studied under Pleyel
and Richter iu Strasburg, and, after a visit
to Paris, went to Italy and studied composi-
tion under Padre Mattei of Bologna, giving
concerts in Rome, Naples, and Palermo.
He became Couzertmeister in Frankfort-on-
the-Main in 1792, director of a private or-
chestra at Offenbach in 1794, went on con-
cert tours from 1799, and visited Poland
and Russia in 1803-6. In 1806 he suc-
ceeded Caunabich as court Kapellmeister
and director of German opera in Munich.
Pensioned in 1827, he retired to Geneva,
and later to Mannheim. Spohr considered
him an old-fashioned virtuoso. Works
Operas : Die Luftbiille, Strasburg, 1788 ;
Adolph uud Clara, 1800 ; Carlo Fioras,
Munich, 1800 ; Haireddiu Barbarossa, ib.,
1815 ; Der Fassbinder, ib., 1824 ; a festival
composition Die W T eihe, ib., 1818 ; 8 con-
certos and 4 concertinos for violin ; 9 quar-
tets and 6 trios for strings ; Overtures, sym-
phonies, and songs. Mendel ; Allgem. d.
Biogr., vii. 203 ; Futis ; Grove ; Wasielewski,
Die Violine, 188.

FRANZL, IGNAZ, born at Mannheim,
June 3, 1734, died there in 1803. Virtuoso on
the violin, entered the famous court orches-
tra of the Elector Karl Theodor at Mann-
heim in 1750, became afterwards Couzert-

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