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parts did not, in any sense, form an accom-
paniment to the voices ; his treatment of
them was totally different from that which
we find in the stilo concertante which sprang
up later, during the decline of the " great "
Roman school, His choice of instruments,



108



GABRIELLI



too, bears no relation to even the most ru-
dimentary form of the orchestra. If he falls
somewhat behind Palestriua in perfection
of formal beauty, he equals him in sublim-
ity, and often surpasses him in wealth of
colouring. The twelve-voice Beuedictus, in
Rochlitz (i. 34), is a masterpiece of its kind.
Works : Psalmi pceuitentiales 6 vocuni
(1583) ; Madrigali a 6 voci o istromenti
(1585) ; Madrigali e ricercari a 4 voci (1587) ;
Ecclesiastics cantiones 4-6 vocuni (1589) ;
Sacrse symphonic, for 6-16 voices or instru-
ments (1597) ; do., 2d book, for 6-19 voices
(1615) ; Canzoni e souate a 3-32 voci (1615).
Single pieces are published in almost all
collections of the time up to 1020. Winter-
feld, Johannes Gabrieli und sein Zeitalter
(Berlin, 1834) ; Fetis ; Mendel ; Schilling.
^ABRIELLI, Coute NICOLO, born at
Naples, Feb. 21, 1814, still living, 1889.
Dramatic composer, pupil of Busti in sing-
ing and of Zingarelli and Donizetti in com-
position. He settled in Paris in 1854. He
has brought out 22 operas and written 60
ballets, all showing more facility than merit.
They were given at the Teatro Nuovo, and
Teatro San Carlo, Naples, in 1835-47, and
a few in Paris, and were mostly unsuccessful.
Fetis, iii. 369 ; do., Supplement, i. 354 ;
Mendel, iv. 99 ; do., Ergiiuz., 115 ; Vape-
reau, Contemporains.

GABRIELSKI, JOHANN WILHELM,
born in Berlin, May 27, 1791, died there,
Sept. 18, 1846. Flutist, pupil of the artil-
lery captain Vogel, and of the chamber mu-
sician A. SchrOck ; appeared in public in
1810, obtained an engagement at the the-
atre in Stettin, 1814, and became royal
chamber musician in Berlin in 1816, when
he studied theory and composition under
Giirrlich, Seidel, and Birnbach. He made
concert tours in North Germany from 1812,
and to Warsaw in 1822. He composed con-
certos, solos, duos, trios, and quartets for
his instrument, besides some songs. His
brother and pupil Julius (1806-78), was also
a noted virtuoso on the flute, and composer.
Futis ; Mendel,



GABUSSI, VINCENZO, born in Bologna
about 1800, died in London, Sept. 12, 1846.
Dramatic composer, pupil of Padre Mattei.
After producing his first opera in Modena,
in 1825, he went to London and resided
there as a teacher until 1840, when he re-
turned to Italy to bring out another opera.
He is best known by his vocal duets, which
are still sung in England. Works Operas :
I furbi al cimeuto, Modena, 1825 ; Ernani,
Theatre des Italiens, Paris, 1834 ; Clemenza
di Valois, Feuice, Venice, 1841. Songs and
part-songs ; Chamber music. Grove ; Fe-
tis ; Larousse ; Mendel.

GABUZIO, GIULIO CESARE, born in
Bologna, first half of the 16th century,
died (?). Maestro di cappella of the Cathe-
dral of Milan. Works : Motets for five and
sis voices (Venice, 1586) ; Magnificat and
other church compositions (Milan, 1587).
Fetis ; Mendel.

GACES BRULES (Brulez), one of the
best and most prolific composers of chan-
sons of the 13th century, died after 1255.
Some of the old MSS. give his name as
Gaste-Bh'. Seventy-nine of his chansons
are extant, sixty-three of which are in the
National Library, Paris, with the airs of
some attached to them. Fetis ; Mendel.

GADE, NIELS (WILHELM), born at
Copenhagen, Oct. 22,
1817, still living, 1889.
The son of a musical
instrument maker, he
early learned the gui-
tar, violin, and piano-
forte ; later studied
under Wershall, Berg-
green, and Weyse, un-
der whom he began to
compose, but afterwards looked upon these
early efforts as of little value. He became
a violinist in the royal orchestra at Copen-
hagen, and soon began to develop that origi-
nal power as a composer which has placed
him in the foremost rank of contemporary
musicians. By the vote of Spohr and
Schneider his Ossiau overture was awarded




109



GADSBY



the prize offered by the Copenhagen Musi-
cal Union in 1841. This was followed by
his first symphony in C minor, the score of
which he sent to Mendelssohn at Leipsic,
and it was brought out at the Gewand- j
haus, March 2, 1843, to general admiration, i
This second brilliant success induced the
King of Denmark to allow Gade money to
visit the great musical centres of Europe.
He went to Leipsic, where he remained until
near the end of 1843, when he made a short
trip to Italy, but soon returned to Leipsic,
as Mendelssohn, who had gone to Berlin,
offered him the conductorship of the Ge-
wandhaus concerts. Gade filled this post
during 1811 45, and on Mendelssohn's re-
turn continued as sub-conductor under him
in 1845-46. On March 3, 1846, he brought
out his cantata of Comala. After Mendels-
sohn's death (Nov. 4, 1847), Gade resumed
his functions as conductor in chief, contin-
uing until 1848, when he was succeeded by
Julius Kietz. He then returned to Copen-
hagen, where he has remained ever since,
excepting a short visit to England in 1876,
to conduct his Crusaders and Zion at the
Birmingham Festival. On his return to
Copenhagen he accepted a post as organist,
and was made conductor of the Musical
Union. lu 1861 he succeeded Glaeser, de-
ceased, as court conductor. Besides the ex-
ercise of his official functions, he has de-
voted his time wholly to composition and
teaching. As a composer Gade stands in
a manner by himself ; if the cut of his mel-
odies (in spite of their distinctly Northern
character) and the general physiognomy of
his style resemble Mendelssohn, and he
tends somewhat in Schumann's direction by
his romanticism, he never attained either
to the complete mastery of form and organic
musical development of the former nor to
the intensity of expression and depth of
thought of the latter. His resemblance to
Mendelssohn is, after ah 1 , superficial. His
striking merits are clearness, simplicity,
warmth and grace of expression, and a
never -failing sense of beauty. His themes,



as well as his harmony, bear the unmistak-
able stamp of his Scandinavian associations,
but he never forces the " national " element
to the point of eccentricity. In his earlier
period his genius gave evidence of the most
brilliant originality, but he has not wholly
kept the promise of his youth, and among
his later works one looks in vain for that
divine spark which gave life to his first sym-
phony (which was at one time looked upon
as an epoch-making work) and his earlier
overtures. In 1886 he was made Com-
mander of the Order of Dauebrog. Works :
8 symphonies, in C minor, op. 5, E, op. 10,
A minor, op. 15, B-flat, op. 20, D minor
(with pianoforte), op. 25, G minor, op. 32,
F, op. 45, and B minor, op. 47 ; 5 over-
tures : NacJMniii/c von Ossian, Ln Hoch-
laud, op. 7, Overture in C, op. 14, Handel,
op. 37, Jfichelangelo, op. 39 ; Novelletten, 4
pieces for string orchestra, op. 53 ; Octet
for strings, op. 17 ; Sextet for do. ; Quartet
for do. ; Pianoforte trio, op. 42 ; 3 sonatas
for violin, No. 2, op. 21, No. 3, op. 59 ; 8
cantatas : Comala, op. 12, Friihliiigs-Ph&u-
tasie, op. 23, Erlki)nigs Tochter (Elverskud),
op. 30, 7 r W(W(//^-Botschaft, op. 35, Die



i




Heilige Nacht, op. 40, Die Krciizfuhrer, op.
50, Zion, op. 4!), Psyche, op. 60 ; Sommertag
nuf dem Lande, 5 pieces for orchestra, op.

55 ; Concerto for violin and orchestra, op.

56 ; Holbergicma, suite for orchestra, op.
61 ; Volkstilnze, for violin, with pianoforte,
op. 62 ; Sonata, Aquarelles, Folk-dances,
Northern Tone -pictures, and many other solo
works for pianoforte ; Choruses for male and
mixed voices; German and Scandinavian
songs. Ulustr. Zeitg. (1872), i. 288 ; Men-
del ; Riemann.

GADSBY, HENRY ROBERT, born in
London, Dec. 15, 1842, still living, 1889.
Pianist, son of a musician, principally self-



nu



GABBLER




taugbt. He was a member of tbe choir
of St. Paul's iu 1849-58 ; organist of St. Pe-
ter's, Brockley, Surrey,
till 1884 ; professor
at Guildball School of
Music ; professor of
harmony at Queen's
College, London, 1884.
Works Cantatas : Al-
ice Brand, 1870 ; Tbe
Lord of tbe Isles, text
by Frank Murray, from
Scott, 1879; Colum-
bus, for male voices,
1881. Overtures : Andromeda, 1873 ; Tbe
Golden Legend ; Tbe Witcbes' Frolic.
Music to Alcestis, 187G ; Sympbonies for
orchestra in A, C, and D ; String quartet,
1875 ; Festival service for eigbt voices,
in D ; Service in C, 1872 ; 130th Psalm ;
Andante and rondo for pianoforte and flute ;
Magnificat and Nunc climittis in D ; Te
Deum in E-flat ; Festival symphony iu D,
1888 ; Anthems ; Part-songs, etc.

GABBLER, EENST FEIEDKICH, born
in Bunzlau in 1815, still living, 1889. Pupil
of C. Karow and at tbe Berlin Institute for
Church Music under A. W. Bach, besides
attending tbe lectures of A. B. Marx ; suc-
ceeded Kuhler as music director and teacher
of tbe Padagogium and Orphan House in
Ziillichau. He has composed motets, songs,
and other pieces. Mendel ; Fetis ; Schil-
ling, Supplement, 156.

GAERTNER, KARL, born at Stralsuud,
Oct. 21, 1823, still living, in Philadelphia,
1889. Violinist, pupil at Greifswald of Abel,
and at tbe Conservatorium, Leipsic, of Men-
delssohn, David, and Hauptmauu ; played in
the Gewandbaus orchestra until 1848, when
he travelled through Germany as a virtuoso,
in which capacity he went to America in
1852. In Boston and other cities he awak-
ened a taste for classical music by bis ex-
cellent performances, and in 1858 went to
Philadelphia to conduct tbe chorus at tbe
Steubeu festival, and remained there as mu-
sical director of the old Mannerchor and the



Siingerbund ; later he became also conduc-
tor of the Handel and Haydn Society. In
1859 he gave the first series of classical con-
certs in tbe Academy of Music, which for
thirty-one years be has continued success-
fully. In 1867 he founded a conservatory
of music, which is stib 1 flourishing under
his direction. His numerous compositions
include orchestral works, violin solos, and
vocal music, and he has published also
methods for the pianoforte and violin, and
a system of vocal training.

GAFFI, BERNARDO, composer of tbe
Roman school, early part of tbe 18th cen-
tury. His Cantata dell' Amore was pub-
lished in Rome in 1700. Tbe Lyceo of Bo-
logna has several cantatas in MS. Fetis ;
Schilling ; Mendel.

GAGLIANO, GIOVANNI BATTISTA
DI ZANOBI DA, born in Florence about
1580, died (?). Brother of Marco di Zanobi
da Gagliano ; was in tbe service of the
Medici ; succeeded Alfonso Benevenuti,
chaplain of S. Lorenzo, as maestro of tbe
clerks of that college. Works : Motets ;
Madrigals (Venice, 1603-23). Fetis; Schil-
ling ; Mendel.

GAGLIANO, MARCO DI ZANOBI DA,
born in Florence, second half of the 16th
century, died there, Feb. 24, 1642. Dra-
matic composer, pupil of Luca Bati. He
became, in 1702, maestro di cappella of S.
Lorenzo, where his compositions were still
performed at the beginning of this century.
Under tbe name of 1'Affannato he was a
member of tbe Accademia degli Elevati.
His most important work is the opera TJafne,
written for tbe wedding of Francesco Gou-
zaga, sou of tbe Duke of Mantua, 1607, one
of the earliest productions of this kind.
Other works : Misse a cinque voci (Venice,
1579) ; Respousorj della Settiinaua Santa
(ib., 1580) ; H primo libro de' madrigali (ib.,
1602) ; II secondo ed il terzo libro, etc. (ib.,
1601) ; Libro quiuto, etc. (ib., 1606) ; Mu-
siche a una, due e tre voci (ib., 1615) ; Li-
bro sesto de' madrigali (ib., 1617) ; Respon-
' sorj della Settimana Santa (Venice, Bar-



GAGLIA11D1



tolonieo Magni, 1630) was considered his
best work. The melodies, Bel pastor del
cui bel guardo, and Ecco solinga delle selve
arnica, were in great favour, in his time.
Ambros, iv. 288 ; Fetis ; Mendel ; Rock-
stro, Hist. Music, 107.

GAGLIAEDI, DIONISIO POLIANI,
born at Naples in 1811, died there in 1835.
Dramatic composer, pupil of the Royal
College of Music, Naples. Works Operas :
L' antiquario e la modista, opera buffa, Na-
ples, 1828 ; La strega di Dernegleuch, ib.,
1830 ; Le due gemelle, ib., 1831 ; II lan-
gravio di Turingia, ib., 1832 ; La casa a
veudere, ib., 1834 ; Pulciuello condannato,
1835 ; Le ferriere di Maremrna ; La barca-
juola svizzera ; H coscritto. His langravii)
di Turiugia, his best work, was given ten
years after his death as Candida e Luigi.
Fetis; Mendel.

GACJXI, AXGELO, dramatic composer,
born in Florence, middle of the 18th cen-
tury, died (?). His opera buffa, I pazzi
gloriosi, Milan, 1783, is also known as I
matti gloriosi. Fetis ; Mendel.

GAHRICH, WENZEL, born at Zercho-
witz, Bohemia, Sept. 1C, 179-1, died in Ber-
lin, Sept. 15, 1864. He studied law at
Leipsic University, but poverty compelled
him to become a violinist in the theatre or-
chestra there. In 1825 he joined the royal
orchestra in Berlin, and in 1845-60 was
conductor of the ballet at the Opera. The
merit of his compositions should have se-
cured for him more than the local fame he
enjoyed ; especially his ballet music is of an
indisputably high order. Works Operas :
Die Creoliu ; Der Freibeuter. Ballets :
Don Quixote ; Die Insel der Liebe ; Der
Seeriiuber ; Aladdin, etc., 2 symphonies for
grand orchestra ; Quartet for pianoforte
and strings, op. 4 ; Concertino for viola and
orchestra ; 5 collections of dances for or-
chestra and for pianoforte ; Songs, etc.
Mendel ; Fetis ; do., Supplement, i. 353 ;
Riemann.

GAIL, EDMfiE SOPHIE (born Garre),
born in Paris, Aug. 28, 1775, died there,



July 24, 1819. Dramatic composer and
singer, pupil of Mengozzi ill singing ; after
a concert tour through Southern France
and Spain, and writing an opera for private
representation, she studied harmony and
counterpoint under Fetis, Perne, and Neu-
komm. In 1816 she sang in London, and in
1818 gave concerts, with Mine Catalani, in
Germany and Vienna. Works : Les deux
jaloux, opera-comique ; Mademoiselle de
Lauuay a la Bastille, do., given at the The-
atre Feydeau, 1813 ; Angela, ou 1'atelier de
Jean Cousin (with Boieldieu), La mi-prise,
ib., 1814 ; La serenade, ib., 1818 ; Romances
and nocturnes. Fetis ; do., Supplement,
i. 355 ; Mendel.

GAJLLARD. See Gdliard.

GALATEE, opera-comique, in two acts,
text by Jules Barbier and Michel Carre,
music by Victor Masse, first represented
at the Opera Comique, Paris, April 14,
1852. Pygmalion, having finished a beauti-
ful statue of Galati-e, falls in love with it,
and prays Venus to give it life. Galatee,
become a woman, exhibits a thousand ca-
prices and disappoints Pygmalion by her
ingratitude. She prefers his servant Gany-
mede to his melancholy love, accepts pres-
ents from old Midas, and gets intoxicated
on Chiau wine. At last, when she is about
to fly with Ganymede, he prays that she
may be turned again into a statue, which he
sells without regret to Midas. The charac-
ters of Pygmalion and Galatee were played
by Mile Vertheimber and Mine Ugalde ;
those of Midas and Ganymede by Mme
Sainte-Foy and Mocker. The briudisi,
" Ah ! verse encore," obtained a great suc-
cess. Larousse, viii. 936.

GALEAZZI, ANTONIO, born at Brescia,
lived mostly in Rome and Venice in the
early part of the 18th century. Dramatic
and church composer. Works : Zelmira in
Greta, opera, given in Venice, 1729 ; II tri-
onfo della costanza in Statira, ib., 1731.
Much of his church music is to be found in
the Library of S. M. Maggiore, Rome. He
rewrote also part of the opera, I tre difensori



GALEAZZI



ilella patria, by Pescetti, which was given ill
this form at Padua, Teatro Obizzi, iu 1730.
Fi-tis ; Mendel ; Schilling.

GALEAZZI, FRANCESCO, born in Turin
iu 1738 (1758?), died iu Rome in 1819.
Violinist, leader of the baud at the Teatro
Valle, Eonie, for fifteen years ; afterwards
professor of the violin at Ascoli. Besides
numerous compositions for the violin aud
other instruments, he deserves special no-
tice for his Element! teoretico-practici di
musica, etc. (Rome, 1791-9G), one of the
earliest methodical instruction books for
the violin. Fetis ; Grove ; Larousse.

GALENO, GIOVANNI BATTISTA, lived
iu the second half of the 16th century. He
was iu the service of the Emperor Rudolph
II. of Austria from his earliest years.
Works: Madrigals (Venice, 1587, 1598;
Antwerp, 1594). Fetis ; Mendel.

GALIBERT, PIERRE CHRISTOPHE
CHARLES, born in Perpignau, Aug. 8,
1826, died in Paris, August, 1858. Dra-
matic composer, pupil at the Conservatoire
from 1845, under Bazin, Elwart, aud Halevy.
He won the 2d grand prix de Rome in
1851, and the 1st in 1853. On his return
to Paris in 1857 he brought out an opera,
Apri'S 1'orage, which was well received, aud
gave much promise, but it was his only
work besides two cantatas, Le prisonuier,
and Les rochers d'Appeuzell, and a few other
compositions. Fetis ; Mendel.

GALILEI, VINCENZO, born in Florence
about 1533, died there about 1600. Lute
and viol player, pupil of Gioseffo Zarliuo.
He was a noble aud the father of Galileo
Galilei, the famous astronomer and philos-
opher. Associated with Giovanni Bardi,
Piero Strozzi, Corsi, Peri, Cacciui, and oth-
ers, he was one of the first to introduce dra-
matic music in Italy. A warm champion of
antique music, he took a prominent part in
the dispute with the supporters of the con-
trapuntal style, among whom was his old
master Zarliuo, and against whom he wrote
a pamphlet. He was one of the prominent
figures iu the Florentine Music-Reform of



the 17th century. He composed a cantata,
II coute Ugoliuo, for one voice with accom-
paniment of lute and viol, and a dramatic
setting of the Lamentations of Jeremiah.
He was the author also of several theoreti-
cal works : Discorso della musica autica e
della moderua (Florence, 1581 ; 2d ed.,
1602) ; II Fronimo, etc. (ib., 1583) ; Discorso
iutorno alle opere di messer Gioseftb Zarlino
di Chioggia (ib., 1589). Fetis ; Larousse.

GALIMATHIAS MUSICUM, a comic
piece for orchestra, with clavier and other
instruments obligate, by Mozart, first per-
formed at The Hague, March 8, 17G6, for
the festivities at the coming of age of Will-
iam of Orange the Fifth. Mozart was then
only ten years old. The piece, which is iu
thirteen short numbers, euds with a varia-
tion on the Dutch national air, Wilhelrnus
von Nassau. Galiiuathias is a French term,
of doubtful derivation, meaning gibberish.
KOchel, No. 32 ; Otto Jahn, 2d ed., i. 44 ;
Grove.

GALITZIN, Prince GEORG, born in St.
Petersburg in 1823, died there in Septem-
ber, 1872. Composer of church, instru-
mental, and vocal music ; gave concerts in
Germany, Great Britain, and France, with a
large orchestra of his own, to make a propa-
ganda for Russian music. At Moscow ho
entertained since 1842 a choir of seventy
boys, whom he instructed in person. He
has written masses, orchestral works, solos
for various instruments, choruses, songs,
etc. Fetis, Supplement, i. 356 ; Mendel ;
Riemann.

GALLAY, JACQUES FRANgOIS, born
at Perpiguan, France, Dec. 8, 1795, died in
Paris, October, 1864. Virtuoso on the horn,
first instructed by his father, an amateur,
then pupil of Ozi, and at the Conservatoire,
Paris, of Dauprat, 1820 ; won the first prize
in 1821, became a member of the royal or-
chestra, and of the orchestras of the Odi-on,
and the Thefitre Italieu in 1825, chamber
musician to Louis Philippe in 1832, and
professor at the Conservatoire in 1842.
He composed concertos, nocturnes, etudes,



113



GALLENBERU



duos, trios, and quartets, and published a
method for horn. Fetis ; do., Supplement,
i. 356 ; Mendel ; Eiemann.

GALLENBERG, WENZEL EGBERT,
Graf VON, born in Vienna, Dec. 28, 178:5,
died in Rome, March 13, 1839. Pupil of Al-
brechtsberger ; married, hi 1803, to Count-
ess Giulietta Guicciardi, who had been loved
by Beethoven. He wrote in 1805 music for
Joseph Bonaparte's festival in Naples ; was
associated with Barbaja in 1821-23 in the
management of the Vienna court theatre,
which he undertook to conduct in 1829,
and failed from want of funds. He then
joined Barbaja in Naples as ballet composer
and director. Works : About 50 ballets,
including Samson, 1811 ; Arsiuoe, and Te-
leniacco, 1813 ; I riti Indiaui, 1814 ; Am-
leto, 1815 ; Alfred der Grosse, 1820 ; Jeanne
<V Arc, 1821 ; Margherita, regina di Catania,
1*22 : Ismaans Grab, 1823 ; La caravaua
del Cairo. 1824 ; Ottavio Piuelli, 1828 ; Das
befreite Jerusalem, 1828 ; Ciesar in Aegyp-
ten, 1829 ; Theodosia, 1831 ; Orpheus und
Kiirydice, 1831 ; Agues uud Fitz Henri, 1833 ;
Biauca's Wahl, 1835 ; and Latona's Ruche,
is: is. He wrote also inarches, a sonata,
fantasias, and other pieces for pianoforte.
Grove ; Fetis ; Mendel ; Wurzbach.

<;ALLERANO (Gaierauo), LEANDRO,

born in Brescia, end of the 16th century.
He was organist of S. Francesco, and mem-
ber of the Accademia de gli Occulti in
that city, under the name of 1' Involato.
From Brescia he went to Padua, and became
maestro di cappella of the Church of S. An-
tonio. "Works : II primo libro delle Messe,
op. 1 (Venice, 1619) ; H secondo, do., op. 3
(ib., 1620) ; Salmi iutieri, op. 5 (ib., 1624) ;
Missarum et Psalmorum quinque vocibus
liber primus, op. 14 (ib., 1628) ; Missa e
salmi coucertati (ib., 1629) ; do., op. 16 (ib.,
1630) ; H primo libro de' Motetti (ib.) ; Mo-
tetti a voce sola con orgauo (ib.) ; Compiete
e Litanie a otto voci con stromenti (ib.).
Fetis ; Mendel ; Schilling.

GALLET, FRANQOIS (Franciseus Galle-
tius), born in Moiis about the middle of the



16th century. Church composer ; one of
the musicians of the College of Saint-Amat,
Douai. Works : Sacrte cantiones 5, 6, et
plurium vocum (1586) ; Hymui communes
Sanctorum (1596). Fetis ; Mendel ; Rie-
niann.

GALLI, AMINTORE, born at Rimini,
Oct. 12, 1845, still living, 1889. Dramatic
composer, pupil of Croff at the Conservatorio
of Milan ; was director of a music school
in the province of Modeua, and became a
successful composer of operas, but is best
known by his writings on music. He is
the musical critic for "II Secolo," and now
conducts the great publishing house of
Edoardo Sonzoguo, Milan. Works : Cesare
al Rubicone, opera, given with success ; II
risorgimento, given in Rome, about 1870 ;
D corno d' oro ; Cristo al Golgota, oratorio,
L' espiazione, cantata, Milan, 1867 ; Masses ;
Stabat Mater. Fetis, Supplement, i. 358 ;
Mendel, Ergiiuz., 116.

GALLI (Gallus), EUGENIO, born at
Lucca, Italy, Feb. 12, 1810, died there, Sept.
1, 1867. Church composer, pupil of Marco
Sautucci, finished his musical education in
Vienna, where he became an excellent con-
trapuntist, and after his return to Lucca was
appointed professor of counterpoint at the
Musical Institute. Later on he was direc-
tor of the ducal chapel. He wrote several
masses for 4 voices with orchestra, a Re-
quiem, and fugues for the organ. Fetis,
Supplement, i. 258.

GALLI, VINCENZO, born in Sicily,
about the middle of the 16th century.
Franciscan monk, maestro di cappella of
the Cathedral of Palermo. His masses,
psalms, and madrigals were published in
Palermo (1589-1607). With the proceeds
of their sales he enlarged the Convent of
the Annunciation, and had cut on one of
the columns of that building the words,
" Musica Galli." Fetis ; Mendel.

GALLIA, motet for soprano solo, chorus,
and orchestra, by Gounod, first performed
at the opening of the International Exhi-
bition, Albert Hall, London, May 1, 1871.



114



GALLIARD



The text is from tLe Lamentations of Jere-
miah.

GALLIARD, JOHANN, ERNST, born at
Zell, Hauover, about 1687, died iu London
in 1749. Dramatic composer, pupil of Fa-
rinelli, then director of the concerts at Han-
over, and of Steffaui. He won distinction
as an oboist, went to England about 170G,
and was appointed chamber musician to
Prince George of Denmark, and, on the
death of Draglii, organist at Somerset House.
He wrote the music for Hughe's opera,
Calypso and Telemachus, 1712, and was
employed by Rich to furnish music for his
masques, etc., from 1717. In 1728 he set to
music the morning hymn of Adam and Eve
from Milton's "Paradise Lost," an admirable
composition, afterwards enlarged by Dr.
Benjamin Cooke, who made additions to the
orchestral accompaniments. Other works :
Music for Julius Caesar, 1715 ; Pan and Sy-
rinx, 1717 ; Jupiter and Europa, 1723 ; The
Necromancer ; or Harlequin, Apollo, and
Daphne, 172G ; Dr. Faustus, 1723 ; The
Royal Chace, or Merlin's Cave, 1736, musi-
cal entertainment, iu which occurred the
famous hunting song, " With early horn ; "



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