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The music for Lee's tragedy, " CEdipus ; "
Several cantatas, songs, and instrumental
music. Grove ; Fetis.

GALLICULUS, JOHANN, lived in Leip-
sic about 1520. His motets and psalms
were published in " Novuni et insigne opus
musicum " (1537); in Petrejus's "Psalmi
select!" (1538); in Rhaws' "Harmonise
selectso," etc. (1538) ; and iu Vesperarum
precurn officia, etc. (1540). He was the au-
thor, also, of a theoretical treatise, "Isa-
goge de compositions cantus " (1st and 4th
eel., 1520, 1548), called also, " Libellus de
compositione cantus" (2d and 3d ed., 1538,
1546). Fotis ; Mendel ; Riemanu.

GALLO, DOMENICO, born in Venice
about 1730. Violinist and composer of
church music, sonatas for violin, and sym-
phonies for 2 violins, viola, and violon-
cello, all of which are still in MS. Fetis ;
Mendel.



GALLUCCIO, GERARDO, maestro di
cappella at Pavia in the last years of the
IGth century. He composed masses, psalms,
litanies, etc. (Venice, 1597). Fetis ; Mendel.

GALLUS, JACOBUS, born in Carniola
about 1550, died at Prague, July 4, 1591.
His real name was Jacob Hiihnel (Handl,
Handl, etc.). Contrapuntist, Kapellmeister
to Stanislas Pawlowski, Bishop of Olmiitz,
and afterwards in the imperial chapel,
Prague. He wrote in the old church
tones, before the modern distinction be-
tween major and minor existed, and was
one of the most distinguished German con-
temporaries of Palestrina and Orlando
Lasso. In 1588 Emperor Rudolf II.
granted him a ten years' privilege for the
publication of his works. Those known
are : Missse selectiores, for 5-8 voices, 4
books (15SO) ; Musici opens harmoniarium,
for 4-8 and more voices (Prague, Part I.,
1586 ; Parts H. and IH., 1587 ; Part IV.,
1589) ; Moralia 5, 6 et 8 vocibus concinnata
(Nuremberg, 1586); Epicedionharmonicum
(1589) ; Harmonise varise 4 vocum (Prague,
1591) ; Harmoniarum inoralium, do., 3 parts
(ib., 1589-90) ; Sacrte cantiones de prseci-
puis festis, for 4-8 and more voices (Nu-
remberg, 1597) ; Motettre qua3 prrestant
omues (Frankfort, 1610). Bodenschatz's
Florilegium Portense contains 19 pieces by
him, among them the famous Ecce quomodo
moritur Justus ; others are in Proske's Mu-
sica diviua, and in the collections of SchiJ-
berlein, Zahn, Becker, Rochlitz, etc. Rie-
niann ; Fetis ; Mendel ; Grove ; Ambros,
Geschichte, iii. 557 ; Naurnann (Ouseley), i.
614.

GALLUS, JOHANNES (in French, Jean
le Cocq, Maitre Jean, Mestre Jhan, etc.),
born in the Netherlands, died before 1543.
He was maestro di cappella to Duke Ercole
of Ferrara, and composed motets and other
music, preserved in collections. He was
long confounded with Jhan Gero. Rie-
mann.

GALUPPI, BALDASSARE (called II
Burauello), born in the island of Burano,



115



GAMBAKA



near Venice, Oct. IS, 170G, died in Venice,
Jan. 3, 1785. Dramatic composer, pupil
of bis father, a, barber, who played the vio-
lin at the theatre. He went to Venice when
sixteen and was organist of several minor
churches in succession. Although ignorant
of the rules of composition he composed an
opera buffa, La fede nell' inconstanza, ossia
gli amici rivali, which was hissed off the stage.
He was on the point of giving up music and
becoming a barber, when Marcello procured
his admission to the Conservatorio degli
Incurabili, where he studied counterpoint
for three years under Lotti. Marcello also
helped him by writing the libretto of Do-
rinda, which was well received, in 1721), at
the Teatro San Angelo. He studied the
harpsichord at this time and became a cele-
brated player. His operas held the stage
from 1729 to 1797. In 1741 he was in Eng-
land, where his style produced a marked
effect on dramatic music. In 17G2-GI lie
was maestro di cappella of S. Marco, Ven-
ice, director of the Incurabili, and organist
of several churches. About 1767 he went
to St. Petersburg at the invitation of Cath-
erine H., and brought out there two operas
with great success, but returned to Italy in
1768 and resumed his position in the In-
curabili. None of his operas, of which Fe-
tis gives a list of fifty-four, have survived on
the stage since Rossini. He composed the
music for a cantata for five voices, H ri-
torno di Tobia, played at the Conservato-
rio, on the occasion of the arrival of Pius
VI. in Venice. All his Church music and
operas remain in MS. Some of them are
now in the National Library, Paris ; some
in the Santini collection. His oratorios
were : La fornace di Babilonia ; Debbora
profetessa, and Moyses de Sinai reversus.
Among music for harpsichord is one sonata
of great beauty, printed in Pauer's Alte
Klaviermusik. Principal operas : Penelope,
given in London, 1741 ; Scipione in Carta-
gine, ib., 1742 ; Enrico, Sirbace, ib., 1743 ;
II mondo della lima, Italy, 1750 ; H cava-
liere delle piuuie ; H mondo alia rovescia,



ib., 1752 ; Alessandro nell' Indie, ib., 1755 ;
Sesostri, Venice, 1757 ; Ai/rimm in Siria,
Italy, 1760; Cajo Mario, ib., 17G4 ; Didone
abbandonata, St. Petersburg, 1766 ; Ifigenia
in Tauride, ib., 1768. Fetis ; Grove ; Men-
del ; Schilling ; Hogarth, Memoirs of Mus.
Drama, i. 396.

GAMBAEA, Cavaliere CARLO ANTO-
NIO, born in Venice in 1774. Instrumental
composer ; of noble parentage, he was edu-
cated in the college for the sons of nobles
at Parma, where he studied the violin under
Melegari, violoncello under Ghiretti, and
counterpoint under Colla. Oil leaving col-
lege he went to Brescia to finish his musical
studies under Cannetti, maestro di cappella
of the cathedral. Works : 4 symphonies
for grand orchestra ; Concertante for sev-
eral instruments ; Quintet for harp, violin,
mandolin, viola, and violoncello ; 2 books
of trios for 2 violins and bass ; 2 do. of
quartets ; Vocal music. Fetis ; Mendel.

GAMBINI, CARLO ANDREA, born at
Genoa, Oct. 22, 1819, died there, Feb. 14,
isi;."). Dramatic composer and pianist;
held a position in his native city, which
made him, so to speak, the musical chief in
that part of Italy. Works Operas : Eufe-
mio di Messina, given in Milan, 1833 ; II
Nuovo Tartufo, Genoa, Teatro Apollo, 1854 ;
Don Grifone, Turin, Teatro Rossini, 185G ;
I Tessali e la vendetta della schiava ; Cristo-
foro Colombo, dramatic symphony ; Music
to La Passione, by Manzoui, for 4 voices,
chorus, and orchestra ; Mass with grand or-
chestra ; Several other masses; Cantatas,
hymns, etc. ; Two collections of etudes for
pianoforte, op. 3(5 and 70 ; etc. His com-
positions of all kinds number more than
150. Fetis ; do., Supplement, i. 359 ; Men-
del ; do., Ergaiiz., 116.

GAMBLE, JOHN, English violinist of
the 17th century, pupil of Ambrose Beyland.
He was a cornet player in the Chapel Royal,
and later one of the baud of violins to
Charles II. Works : " Ayres and Dialogues
to be sung to the Theorbo Lute or Bass
Viol," words by Stanley (1657) ; and "Ayres



116



GAMBOGI



and Dialogues for One, Two, and Throe
Voyces " (1G59). Grove; Buruey, Hist., iii.
461 ; Hawkins, Hist, iv. 63.

GAMBOGI, Padre FKANCESCO, born
at Camaiore, Duchy of Lucca, about 1713,
died in 1781. He was maestro of music at
the Seminary of S. Michele in Foro, and sub-
sequently maestro di cappella of the Colle-
giate Church of Camaiore. His most im-
portant work was the oratorio, Giuseppe
riconosciuto. From 1743 to 1778 he wrote
twenty services for four voices with instru-
mental accompaniment. Fetis, Supple-
ment, i, 3CO ; Mendel, Ergiinz., 11G.

GAMMERSFELDER, JOHANN, com-
poser at Burghauseu, "Upper Bavaria, in the
1C th century. He was one of the first to
compose psalms for a single voice. His
work was called Der gantze Psalter Davids
iu Gesangsweiss gestellt (Nuremberg, 1542).
Mendel ; Fetis ; Gerber.

GAMMIEEI, ERENNIO, born at Campo-
basso, March 11, 183G. Pupil at Naples
Conservatorio of Busti and Carlo Conti.
Became maestro coucertatore at the theatre
of St. Petersburg in 1859. Works : Chat-
terton, opera, given at St. Petersburg, 18G7 ;
L' assedio di Firenze, do., not performed ;
Much vocal music. Fetis, Supplement, i.
360.

GAMUCCI, BALDASSARE, born in
Florence, Dec. 14, 1822. Pupil of Carlo
Fortini on the pianoforte and of Luigi Pic-
chiauti in composition. He founded in
Florence in 1845 a choral society, Del Car-
mine, which later became the Royal Music
Institute, of which he was director. Works :
Masses ; Requiem ; Cantatas ; Motets ;
Psalms. He was the author also of an ele-
mentary work on music, and of "Intorno
alia vita ed alle opere di Luigi Cherubim "
(1869). Mendel, Ergiiuz., 117 ; Fetis, Sup-
plement, i. 360 ; Riemanu.

GANDINI, Cuvaliere ALESSANDRO,
born at Modena in 1807, died there, Dec.
17, 1871. Dramatic composer, son and pu-
pil of Antonio Gandini, whom he succeeded
as maestro di cappella at the court in his



native city. Works Operas : Demetrio,
given at Modena, 1827 ; Zaira, ib., 1829 ;
Isabella di Lara, ib., 1830 ; Maria di Bra-
bante, ib., 1833 ; Adelaide di Borgogna, ib.,
1841. Cantatas : La fedelta, 1832 ; La fata,
1842 ; H genio di Modeua, 1857. Fetis,
Supplement, i. 361 ; Mendel, Ergiinz., 117 ;
Riemann.

GANDINI, Cavaliere ANTONIO, born in
Bologna, Aug. 20, 1786,- died in Modena,
Sept. 10, 1842. Dramatic composer, pupil
of Mattel, became ducal maestro di cappella
at Modena. Works : Ruggiero, Modeua,
1822 ; Erminia ed Antigone, ib., about
1825. He wrote also several cantatas. Fe-
tis ; Mendel, iv. 123 ; Ergiinz., 117.

GANDOLFI, RICCARDO, born at Vo-
ghera, Piedmont, in 1839, still living, 1889.
Dramatic composer, pupil in Naples of
Carlo Couti, and in Florence of Mabellini.
Works : Aldina, given iu Milan, Teatro Ra-
degonda, 18G3 ; II Paggio, Turin, Teatro
Regio, 18G5 ; II Conte di Monreal, Genoa,
Teatro Carlo-Felice, 1872 ; Requiem with
grand orchestra, Florence, 1866 ; Symphony
for do., ib., 18G9 ; Psalm, ib., 1872 ; II Bat-
tesimo di Santa Cecilia, ib., 1875 ; Elegie
for violoncello, with quartet, harp, and har-
monium, ib. ; Solemn Mass, Chiavari, 18G9 ;
Pensieri ed Affetti, vocal album (Milan,
Lucca). Fetis, Supplement, i. 361 ; Men-
del, Ergiinz., 117.

GANDOLFO, operette in one act, text
by Chivot and Duru, music by Charles
Lecocq, represented at the Bouffes Pari-
siens, Paris, Januar r , 1889. The libretto is
from a tale by Boccaccio.

GANSBACHER, JOHANN, born at Ster-
zing in the Tyrol, May 8, 1778, died in
Vienna, July 13, 1844. Instructed by his
father iu singing, pianoforte, organ, and
violin, he became a choir-boy first at Inns-
pruck, then at Halle. Entered Innspruck
University in 1795, but left in 1796 to serve
as a soldier ; visited Vienna in 1801, and
studied under Vogler and Albrechtsberger ;
accompanied his patron, Count Firmian, to
Bohemia in 180-t. He then travelled, and






117



GANZ



resided some time in Innspruck, and in 1810
visited Vogler in Darmstadt, where he be-
came intimate with his fellow-pupils Mey-
erbeer and Weber, who addressed to him
a large part of their correspondence. He
again entered the army in 1813, but was
appointed in 1823 Kapellmeister to the
Cathedral of St. Stephen, in Vienna, as suc-
cessor of Preiudl, and held the office until
his death. Works : 27 graduate ; 17 masses ;
4 Requiems ; OtYertories, motets, hymns,
psalms, and litanies ; Sonatas, variations,
and marches for pianoforte ; Orchestral sym-
phony ; Music to Kotzebue's Die Kreuzfah-
rer ; Liederspiel, Des Dichters Geburtsfest ;
Italian terzettos, vocal quartets, cantatas,
songs, and other compositions, numbering
altogether 21G. Mendel ; Wurzbuch ; Fe-
tis ; Grove.

GANZ, ADOLF, born in Mainz, Oct. 14,
IT'.n:, died in London, Nov. 11, 18G9. Vio-
linist, pupil of Sebastian Hollbusch. He
became conductor at Mainz in 1810, Ka-
pellmeister to the Grand Duke of Hesse
Darmstadt in 1825, and in 1845 musical
director of a German opera company in
London. Works: Melodrama; Marches;
Overtures ; Songs. Eduard Ganz, his son
(1827-67), was a pianist, pupil of Thalberg.
Wilhelm, another son (born, 1833), is a pia-
nist and org.'inist in London. He has pub-
lished pianoforte music and songs. Allgem.
d. I'.iogr., viii. 366 ; Fetis ; Mendel.

GANZ, LEOPOLD, born in Mainz, Nov.
28, 1810, died in Bei-lvi, June 15, I860.
Violinist, pv.pil of la", father and of his
brother Adolf Ganz, and of Biirwolf. He
made concert tours with his brother Moritz,
became a member of the Berlin court band
in 1827, and received in 1S3G the title, and
in 1840 the place, of Conzertmeister. His
reputation is due chiefly to his playing with
his brother. Works: Duos for violin and
violoncello, published with his brother.
Allgem. d. Biogr. ; Mendel ; Fetis ; Grove.

GANZ, MORITZ, born in Mainz, Sept. j
16, 1806, died in Berlin. Jan. 22, 1868.
Violoncellist, brother of the preceding, pu-



pil of his father, of Stiastny, and in theory
of G. Weber. He joined the Berlin court
baud in 1827 ; made concert tours with his
brother Leopold, visiting London in 1837,
and again in 1856. Works : Concertos for
violoncello and orchestra ; Fantasias, duets,
trios, transcriptions, songs, and other pieces.
Allgem. d. Biogr.; Mendel ; Fetis ; Grove.

GARA, LA (The Competition), Italian
operetta in one act, text by Metastasio, mu-
sic by Georg Reutter, represented at the
Imperial Court, Vienna, 1755, in honour of
the Archduchess Maria Antonia, afterwards
Marie Antoinette, Queen of France. Char-
acters represented : Serenissima arcidu-
chessa ; Dama priina ; Dama seconda.

GARAT, PIERRE JEAN, born at Us-
taritz, April 25, 1764, died in Paris, March
1, 1823. Singer and composer, pupil in
Bayouue of Lamberti, and in Bordeaux of
Francois Beck. Sent to Paris to finish the
study of law, when the struggle between the
Gluckists and Picciunists was at its height,
he became drawn into it, and determined to
make music his profession. After a strug-
gle with poverty, the Comte d'Artois made
him his private secretary, and presented
him to Marie Antoinette, whose musical
favourite he became from 1785 to 1789. At
the time of the Revolution he went with
Rode to Hamburg, but returned to Havre
in 1791, and sang at the Feydeau concerts
in 1795, where his success was overwhelm-
ing. He possessed a voice of wonderful
compass, including both baritone and tenor
registers, and sang all styles of music
well. Until he lost his voice, at the age of
fifty, he was the most popular singer in
Europe. He was made professor of sing-
ing at the Conservatoire, at the time of its
institution, about 1795, and had many cele-
brated pupils. He was the author of several
popular romances : Belisaire, Je t'aime tant,
Le menestrel exile, Firmin et son chien, etc.,
which owed their celebrity chiefly to his
style of singing them. Fetis ; Larousse.

GARAUDT5, ALEXIS DE, born in Nancy,
March 21, 1779, died in Paris, March 23,



GARCIA



1852. Pupil of Gambini and Reicha, and
influenced by Cresceutini and Garat ; sang
in tbe Imperial and Royal Chapel of Paris
in 1808-30 ; and professor of singing and
harmony in the Conservatoire in 1816-41.
Works : Sonatas for pianoforte, and other
chamber music ; Songs and duets ; Music
for violin, violoncello, and other instruments.
He was the author also of Methods du chant
(1809), and other didactic works. His son,
Alexis Albert Gauthier Garaudc (1821-54),
was accompanist at the Opera Comique and
published pianoforte music. Fetis ; Men-
del.

GAECIA, Don FRANCISCO SAVERIO,
surnamed Lo Spagnoletto, born at Nalda,
Spain, in 1731, died at Saragossa, Feb. 26,
1809. Church composer, first studied in
Spain, then in Rome, where he lived as
vocal teacher until 1756, when he became
maestro de cap ilia of the cathedral at Sara-
gossa. He greatly influenced church music
in Spain, banishing the then prevailing
fugued style. His numerous compositions,
consisting of masses, and motets for all the
feasts of the year, are written almost ex-
clusively for eight voices in two choruses.
Fetis ; Eiemaim.

GARCIA, MANUEL DEL-POPOLO-
VICENTE, born in Seville, Spain, Jan. 22,
1775, died in Paris, June 2, 1832. Dra-
matic composer, chorister of the cathedral
at Seville at the age of six, pupil of Don
Antonio Ripa and Juan Almarcha. When
seventeen he was well known as a singer,

O

composer, and orchestra conductor. After
making a reputation at home and produc-
ing several operas, he made his debut in
Italian opera at the Opera Bouffe, Paris, in
1808 ; brought out and sang in his Spanish
operas in 1809, and was rapturously re-
ceived in them, this style of music being
new to Paris. In 1811 he went to Italy,
and sang in Turin, Naples, and Rome ; and
in 1S12 he was appointed first tenor in
Murat's chapel. About the end of 1816 he
went to England, and thence to Paris, made
his debut at the Theatre Italien, singing in



his own and in several Italian operas. In
1817 he went to England, and sang there
very successfully, returning in 1819 to
Paris, where he remained until 1823,
bringing out many works of his own,
besides singing in all the well-known Ital-
ian operas. He returned to London as first
tenor of the King's Theatre in 1823 and
fouuded there a school for singing, which
became famous. In 1823-25 he alternated
between Paris and London, producing op-
eras in both cities and devoting much of
his time to teaching. In 1825 his daughter
Maria, afterwards the celebrated Mine Mali-
bran de Beriot, made her debut in London,
and he set about the realization of a project
he had formed of establishing Italian op-
era in New York. Taking with him a com-
pany consisting of himself and the younger
Crivelli, tenors ; his son, Manuel Garcia,
and Augrisani, bassi cautanti ; Rosich, buffo
caricato ; Mine Barbieri and Mine Garcia,
soprani ; and Maria Garcia (Malibrau), con-
tralto, he made his first appearance before
an American audience at the Park Theatre,
New York, Nov. 29, 1825, in II Barbiere.
Between this and Sept. 30, 1826, the date
of his last performance, he gave seventy-
nine representations, partly at the Park and
partly at the Bowery Theatre, including
Otello, Romeo e Giulietta, II Turco in Italia,
Semiramide, Don Giovanni, Taucredi, La
Ceuereutola, and two of his own operas,
L' amaute astuto and La figlia dell' aria.
In 1827 he went to Mexico, brought out
eight operas there with success, and after
a stay of eighteen months set out on his
return, but was robbed by brigands near
Vera Cruz of all his earnings. He returned
to Paris, appeared again in opera, but de-
voted himself mainly to teaching until his
death. His principal pupils, besides his
daughters Mine Malibrau and Pauline (Mine
Viardot), were : Muies Rimbault, Ruiz-Gar-
cia, Meric-Lalande, Favelli, and Countess
Merlin ; Adolphe Nourrit, Geraldy, and his
sou Manuel Garcia. Works Spanish op-
eras : El preso por amor, given at Malaga,



119



GARCIA



1803 ; El posadero, Madrid ; Quien porfia
niueho alcauza, El poeta calculista, ib.,
1805 ; El reloj de Madera ; El criado fin-
gido, El cautiverio aparente, Los ripios del
maestro Adan, El hablador, Floriuda, ib.,
about 1805 ; Abufar, Semiramis, Acendi,
El gitauo por ainor, Los maridos solteros, |
Xaira, Mexico, 1828. Italian operas : II
Califo di Bagdad, Naples, 1812 ; La selva
nera, ballet, Milan ; II fazzoletto, Paris,
1823 ; Astuzie e prudenza, London, 1825 ; '
L' amaute astuto, La figlia dell' aria, H lupo
d" Ostenda, I bauditi, La buoua famiglia,
Don Cbisciotte, La gioveutu d' Eurico V., {
Le tre sultane, New York, 1827 ; Uu' ora di
matrimonio, Zemira e Azor, Mexico, 1827.
Freucli Operas : Le prince d'occasion, Paris,
Opera Comique, 1817 ; La ruort du Tasse,
ib., Opera, 1821 ; Florestan, ib., 1822 ; La
meuniere, ib., Gymuase Dramatiquc, LS23 ;
Les deux coutrats, ib., Opera Comique,
1824. Fetis ; Grove ; Mendel ; Hitter, Mu-
sic iu America, 18G ; Schilling, Supplement.

GARCIA, MARIANO, born at Aoiz, Na-
varre, July 20, 1809, still living, 1889.
Church composer, at first choir-boy in the
Cathedral of Pampeluua, where he was in-
structed by Mateo Gimcnez, then studied
the violin and, under Jose Guelbenzu, har-
mouy and composition. Within a few years
after, he was made professor in the chapel
of the cathedral, and later on became di-
rector of the school of music in his native
towu. He has written a great number of
sacred compositions, distinguished for clear-
ness and elegance of ideas, facility of execu-
tion, and pure taste. Fetis, Supplement, i.
363.

GARCIN, JULES AUGUSTE SALO-
MON, called, born at Bourges, July 11,
1830. Violinist, pupil at the Conservatoire,
Paris, of Clavel and of Alard on the violin,
of Bazin iu harmony, and of Adam in com-
position ; took the 2d prize for violin in
1851 and the first in 1853 ; became a mem-
ber of the Opera orchestra, of which he is
now 3d chef d'orchestre and first solo vio-
lin. Besides a concertino for viola, he has



written various compositions for his instru-
ment. Fetis, Supplement, i. 3G3.

GARDEZ-VOUS DE LA JALOUSIE.
See Eitphrosine et Coradin.

GARDI, FRANCESCO, born in Italy
about the middle of the 18th century,
died ('?). Dramatic composer, known by
the following operas : L' iucautesimo senza
magia, 1784 ; La muta per arnore, La donna
ve la fa, 1785 ; La bella Lauretta, 1786 ;
I-'.IK a nel Lazio, Modena, 1786 ; Un buco
uella porta, 1787 ; II convito di pietra, ossia
il Don Giovanni, Venice, 1787 ; L' Ameri-
cana, 1788 ; La fata capricciosa, Venice,
1789 ; Teodoliuda, ib., 1790 ; La bottega
di ratle, 1790 ; II nuovo couvitato di pietra,
Bologna, 1791. His oratorio Abrahami sac-
riticium passed for his finest work, and ob-
tained great success at the close of the 18th
century. Fetis ; Mendel.

GARIBALDI, GIUSEPPE, contempo-
rary. Flutist, born iu Italy, and lived in
France, where he published a large number
of compositions for his instrument, and
wrote the operas-comiquea : Au clair de la
lune and La jeunesse de Hoche, both given
at Versailles, September, 1872, and the oper-
etta, Le rove d'un ecolier, given at a concert,
1868. Fetis, Supplement, i. 363 ; Mendel,
Ergiiuz., 118.

GARNIER, FRANCOIS JOSEPH, born
at Lauris (Vaiu.-luse) in 1759, died there iu
1825. Virtuoso on the oboe, pupil of Sal-
Irntiu ; in 1778 he became second, and in
1786 first, oboist in the orchestra of the
Opera, Paris, and from 1783 was a mem-
ber of the king's chamber music. At the
outbreak of the Revolution he lost these
positions, but scoured an appointment as
commissaire ordonnateurin the Army of the
Rhine ; at Frankfort he appeared with great
success in a concert given by Kreut/er ;
afterwards attached to an army corps in
Italy, he visited Rome and Naples, and on
leaving the army retired to his native vil-
lage. He published concertos, and duos
for his instrument, duos for oboe and vio-
lin, trios for oboe, flute, and bassoon, and a



120



GARRETT




method for oboe. His brother Joseph,
called Gamier the younger, was oboist, and
afterwards flutist, in the orchestra of the
Opera, 1789-1814, and composed a concerto
for flute, trios for flute, horn, and bassoon,
duos for flute, and etudes and a method for
flute. Fc'tis ; Mendel ; Riemaun.

GAERETT, GEORGE MURSELL, born
in Winchester, Eng-
land, June 8, 1834,
still living, 1889. Or-
ganist, pupil of S. S.
Wesley, whose assist-
ant at the organ he
was iu 1851-54 ; then
organist successively
of Madras Cathedral,
1854-56, St. John's
College, Cambridge,
1807 ; University, 1873. Mus. Bac., Cam-
bridge, 1857 ; Mus. Doc., ib., 18G7 ; univer-
sity lecturer, 1883 ; examiner in music for
University of Cambridge. Works : The Shu-
namite, oratorio, 1882 ; The Deliverance of
St. Peter, sacred cantata ; The Triumph of
Love, secular cantata ; Church services ;
Anthems, part-songs, and songs.

GARTH, JOHN, English composer of
the last half of the 18th century. He
probably lived in London as an organist.
Works : 6 sonatas for harpsichord, two vio-
lins, and violoncello (1768) ; 6 organ volun-
taries ; 30 collects set to music. He pub-
lished, also : " The First Fifty Psalms, set
to music by Benedetto Marcello " (London,
8 vols., 1757). Mendel.

GARTNER, JOHANN, born on the
Petersberg, near Fulda, in 1740, died in
Fulda in 1789. Flutist, pupil in Mannheim
of Wendling ; travelled over Germany, and
then settled down as first flute of the court
chapel of the abbot Prince of Fulda, who
had been his patron. Works : Operettas ;
Flute solos ; Cantatas. Mendel ; Fetis.

GASCOGNE (Gascongne, Gascoine, Gas-
cong), MATHIEU, French composer of the
beginning of the 16th century. His motets
are found in Attaignaut's collection of 1534,



and in Salbliuger's collection of 1545. Bai-
ni mentions his masses, written on French
chansons, as preserved iu the archives of



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