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EBERWEIN, TBAUGOTT MAXIMI-
LIAN, born in Weimar, Oct. 27, 1775, died
in Eudolstadt, Dec. 2, 1831. Violinist, pu-
pil of his father, and when only seven years
old played the violin in his father's or-
chestra. He studied under Schick in Mainz,
and Kunze in Fraukfort-on-the-Main ; be-
came court musician to the Prince of Eudol-
stadt in 1797 ; made a concert tour in Ba-
varia and the Tyrol in 1803, and studied
counterpoint under Feuaroli in Naples. In

1804 he returned to Eudolstadt ; in 1817
became court Kapellmeister, made several
concert tours through Germany, and in
1818 travelled to Vienna and in Hungary.
Works Operas : Claudiue von Villabella,
Eudolstadt, 1815 ; Pedro und Elvira, ib.,

1805 ; Der Jahrmarkt von Plundersweiler,
ib., 1818 ; Das befreite Jerusalem, Eudol-
stadt, 1819 ; Firdusi, ib., 1821 ; Das gol-
dene Netz, ib., 1827. The Singspiele : Das
Schlachtturnier ; Die Fischeriu ; Das Storch-
nest ; Die hohle Eiche. Music for Macbeth ;
Church music, cantatas, hymns, psalms, a
Te Deum, and a mass ; Symphonies ; Con-
cert overtures ; Songs. He left an unfin-
ished cantata, Der Tod des Alciden. Men-
del ; Allgem. d. Biogr., v. 589 ; Schilling ;
Gerber ; Grove.

EBHAEDT, GOTTHILF FEIEDEICH,
born at Hoheusteiu in 1771, died (?). Or-
ganist, pupil of Tag on the organ and piano-
forte and in composition ; became organist
and teacher at Greiz, and later court or-
ganist and director of a singing society at
Schleiz. Works : Preludes for organ ; Can-
tatas ; Chorals, and other church music. He



was the author of Schule der Tonsetzkunst
(Leipsic, 1824) ; Die hoheren Lehrzweige
der Tonkunst (Leipsic, 1830). Mendel ;
Schilling ; Gerber ; Fetis.

ECCAED, JOHANN, born at Miihlhau-
seu, Thuringia, 1553, died in Berlin, 1611.
Organist, pupil of Joachim von Burgk ;
studied under Orlando Lasso in Paris and
Munich in 1571-74; returned to Miihlhausen,
where he lived until 1578, when he became
director of the private orchestra of Jacob
Fugger, of Augsburg. Having entered the
service of Georg Friedrich, Margrave of
Brandenburg-Anspach, he followed him to
Konigsberg in 1583 as assistant Kapellmei-
ster, becoming full Kapellmeister in 1599.
In 1608 he went to Berlin as Kapellmeister
of Joachim Friedrich, and held that position
until his death. Works : 20 Cautiones
sacrse Helmboldi (Miihlhausen, 1574) ; Cre-
pundia sacra Helmboldi (ib., 1577, 1596 ;
2d ed., Erfurt, 1608) ; 24 deutsche Lieder
(ib., 1578) ; Newe deutsche Lieder (KOnigs-
berg, 1589) ; Der erste Theil 5-stimmiger
geistlicher Lieder (ib., 1597) ; Preussische
Festlieder (ib., 1598) ; O Lamm Gottes, mo-
tet ; O Freude, chorus ; Hymns ; Chorals.
Mendel ; Grove ; Eiemann ; Allgem. d. Bi-
ogr., v. 595; Fetis ; Naumann (Ouseley),
i. 479.

ECCLES, JOHN, born in London about
the middle of the 17th century, died at
Kingston-ou-Thames, January, 1735. Dra-
matic composer, son and pupil of Solomon
Eccles, violin teacher. He was engaged as
a composer for the theatre from 1685 for
nearly a quarter of a century ; was appointed
master of the king's band in 1698, and in
1700 gained the second of the four prizes
given for the best settings of Congreve's
masque, The Judgment of Paris. In 1701
he set the ode written by Cougreve for the
celebration of St. Cecilia's Day ; and in 1710
published a collection of nearly one hundred
of his songs, comprising many of those
which he had written for forty-six dramatic
pieces. In the latter part of his life he
gave up all professional pursuits except the



ECCLESTOX



annual production of the royal birthday and
New Year's odes. Works Operas : The
Spanish Friar, 1681 ; The Lancashire
Witches, 1G82 ; The Chauces, 1682 ; Justice
Busy, 1690 ; The Richmond Heiress, l(i ( . ;
Don Quixotic (with Purcell), 1694 ; Love
for Love, 1695 ; Europe's Bevels for the
Peace, 1697 ; The Sham Doctor, 1697 ; The
Provoked Wife, 16'.)" ; Kinaldo and Armida,
1699 ; Acis and Galatea, masque, 1701 ; The
Mad Lover, 1701 ; The City Lady ; The
Fair Penitent, 1703; Sernele, 1707. He
published a collection of songs for one, two,
and three voices (London, 1701) ; Songs in
Pills to Purge Melancholy, etc. Henry Ec-
cles, his brother, a violinist, was a member
of the king's baud in Paris. He published:
Twelve solos for the violin (Paris, 1720).
Grove; Fetis; Mendel; Schilling.

ECCLESTON, EDWABD, English com-
poser of the 17th century. Nothing is
known of his history. In 1679 he pub-
lished a furious opera entitled, Noah's
Mood. Mendel

ECCO IL MOXDO. See MefistofeUs.

ECCO LA MARCIA. See Xoz'ze di Fi-
garo.

ECCO BIDENTE IN CIELO. See .1 ure-
liano in Palmira ; /.'/(/'/>/' di Siviglia.

KCHO ET NAKdSSK. up, Ta in three
acts, test by Baron Tschudi, music by
Gluck, represented at the Academic Boyale
de Musique, Paris, Sept. 24, 1779. This
was the last work written by Gluck ; he
was seized with apoplexy when about to
take up Les Dana'ides, with which he in-
tended to close his career, and transferred
the libretto to his pupil Salieri. Echo et
Narcisse, though not very successful, was
reproduced in 1780.

ECK, JOHANN FRIEDBICH, born in
Mannheim in 1766, died at Nancy, France,
date unknown. Violinist, pupil of Danner,
and studied composition under Winter. In
1778 he went to Munich, where he became
court musician in 1780, Couzertmeister in
1788, and soon after dramatic director of
the Court and National Theater. He mar-



ried for the second time in 1801, and re-
moved to Nancy. Works : 6 violin concer-
tos (Offenbach and Paris) ; Concerto-sym-
phony for two violins (Leipsic). Mendel ;
Biemann ; Allgem. d. Biogr., v 602 ; Fetis ;
Grove ; Wasielewski, Die Violine, 191.

ECKAHT, JOHANN GOTTFBIED, born
in Augsburg in 1734, died in Paris, August,
1809. Pianist, the son of poor parents, and
self-taught. He accompanied the organ-
builder, Georg Andreas Stein, in 1758, to
Paris, where he painted miniatures days
and studied music nights, until he became
one of the best pianists and teachers of his
time. Works : 6 pianoforte sonatas ; 2 clav-
ecin sonatas ; Minuet with variations. Men-
del ; Fi'tis ; Schilling.

ECKEB, KARL, born at Freiburg, Breis-
gau, March 13, 1813, died there, Aug. 31,
1879. Vocal composer, pupil of Sechter in
Vienna (1841), returned to Freiburg in 1846,
and soon became popular through his male
choruses and songs. Several orchestral
works of some merit were produced in his
native country. Mendel ; Biemann.

ECKERSBERG, JOHANN WIL-
HELM, born in Dresden, Aug. 20, 1762,
died there, Aug. 20, 1821. Organist, pu-
pil of Homilius, Weinlig, and of his father,
and became organist of the Neustadt Church
of Dresden in 1789. The music to Schil-
ler's Glocke was his most important pro-
duction. Allgem. d. Biogr., v. 614 ; Men-
del ; Fetis ; Schilling.
ECKEBT, KARL (ANTON FLOBIAN),
born in Potsdam,
Dec. 7, 1820, died in
Berlin, Oct. 14, 1879.
Pianist and violinist,
pupil on the piano-
forte of Bechenberg
and Greulich, on the
violin of Botticher
and Hubert Bies,
i n composition of
Bungeuhagen. H e
was considered a prodigy when six years
old, and composed an opera at the age







ECLAIR



of ten. In 1839 lie became in Leipsic
a pupil of Mendelssohn ; then travelled in
Italy, Holland, Belgium, and France, and in
1851 accepted the place of accompanist at
the Theatre Italien in Paris. He accom-
panied Sontag on her tour in the United
States, and in 1852 became conductor at
the Paris Opera. In 1853 he went to Vi-
enna, where he became conductor, and later
technical director, of the Court Opera. He
gave up these places in I860 to succeed
Kiicken as Kapellmeister in Stuttgart ; re-
tired to private life in Baden-Baden in
1867, but in 1869 was called to Berlin as
first court Kapellmeister in place of Tau-
bert and Dorn, suddenly pensioned to make
way for him. He was an excellent con-
ductor, but only his minor compositions
have succeeded, and they do not justify
the expectations Mendelssohn and others
had of him. Works : Das Fischermfidchen,
opera, composed in 1830 ; Wilhelin von
Oranien, given in Berlin, 1846 ; Kathchen
von Niiruberg, 1837 ; Der Laborant ; Ruth,
oratorio, 1833 ; Judith, oratorio, Berlin,
1841 ; Domiue salvum fac regem, and other
psalms ; Concerto for violoncello ; Songs.
Mendel ; Grove ; Fetis ; Rietnann.

ECLAIR, L', lyrical drama in three acts,
text by Saint- Georges and Planard, music
by Halevy, first represented at the Opera
Comique, Paris, Dec. 30, 1835. A young
naval officer, struck blind by lightning in
a tempest, is taken care of by a maiden
who lives, with her sister, in a chateau
beside the sea. On recovering his sight
he confounds the object of his love with
her sister, but his heart soon corrects the
error of his eyes. This charming work,
written for two tenors and two sopranos,
without chorus, appeared in the same year
with La Juive, and established Halevy's
reputation. It was given with great suc-
cess, in 1884, at the Teatro Mauzoui, Mi-
lan.

fiCOSSAIS DE CHATOU, L' (The Scotch-
man of Chatou), opi'rette in one act, text
by Adrien Jaime and Philippe Gille, music



by Delibes, represented at the Bouffes Pa-
risieus, Paris, Jan. 16, 1869. The Scotch-
man is a silly bourgeois named Ducornet,
who, having heard La Dame blauche, tries
to imitate farmer Dickson, and builds at
Chatou a chalet where he offers open hos-
pitality to all comers.

EDDA, grand opera, text by Emil Hopf-
fer, music by Karl Reiiithaler, first rep-
resented at the theatre of Hamburg, Feb.
22, 1876. The libretto, an adaptation of
the drama of the same name by Josef
Weileu, is founded on an episode in the
Thirty Years' War.

EDDY, CLARENCE, born, of American
parentage, in Green-
field, Massachusetts,
June 23, 1851, still
living, 1888. Or-
ganist, pupil of J.
G. Wilson in Green-
field, and of Dudley
Buck in Hartford,
Conn. In 1871 he
went to Europe and
studied the organ,
harmony, and counterpoint under August
Haupt, and the pianoforte under A. Loesch-
horii. Returning in 1874, he settled in
Chicago as organist of the First Congrega-
tional Church, and in 1876 became director
of the Hershey School of Musical Art in
Chicago, founded by Mrs. Sara B. Hershey,
whom he afterwards married. Mr. Eddy
has made concert tours in Germany, Aus-
tria, Switzerland, and America, and in 1879
he gave in Chicago a series of one hundred
organ recitals, in which no programme
number was repeated. Works : Organ mu-
sic ; Church and Concert Organist (2 vols.,
1882, 1885) ; The Organ in Church (1887).
He has translated August Haupt's Counter-
point, Fugue and Double Counterpoint
(1876).

EDELMANN, JEAN FREDERIC, born
in Strasburg, May 6, 1749, died there,
July 17, 1794. Pianist and dramatic com-
poser, gained distinction in Paris in 1782 ;




EDEN



became a violent adherent of the Revolution,
sent his benefactor, the maire Baron Die-
trich, and other friends to the scaffold iu
Strasburg, and finally was guillotined him-
self. Works : Esther, oratorio, performed
at the Concert Spiritual, 1780 ; La bergere
des Alpes, lyric scene for soprano and bass,
Tuileries, 1781 ; Le feu (act from the ballet
Les elements), Academic Royale de Mu-
sique, 1782 ; Ariane dans 1'lle de Naxos,
opera, ib., 1782 ; Diane et 1' Amour, opera-
ballet, Theatre des Jeunes Eleves, 1802 ; 3
concertos for pianoforte ; 9 works of so-
natas for do., with violin obligate ; Quartets
for pianoforte, op. 15 (Amsterdam) ; Ca-
prices for do. Gerber, N. Lex. ; Hamburger
Correspondent (1794), No. 121 ; Xodier,
Souvenirs de la Revolution, etc. ; Schilling.

EDEN, a mystery in two parts, poem by
MC'TV, music by Felicien David, represented
at the Opera, Paris, Aug. 25, 1848. A de-
scriptive work, in the overture to which (lie
composer has attempted to depict musically
the revolutions on the globe before the
a l\i ut of man ; then succeeds the story of
the Garden of Eden and the fall of man.
It was well sung by Poultier, Ali/ard, Porte-
liault, and Mile Grimm, but failed to at-
tract attention iu the political storm of
1848.

EDER, KARL KASPAR, born in Bavaria
in 1751, died (?). Virtuoso on the violon-
cello, pupil of Kohler and Ling, and after-
wards first violoncellist to the Elector of
Treves. Upon several concert tours through
Germany he won much applause. Works :

2 symphonies for grand orchestra ; 2 quin-
tets. For violoncello : 14 concertos, 20 solos,

3 duos, and 2 trios. Fetis ; Mendel.
EDLING, JOHANN. bornatFalken, near

Eisenach, about 1754, died in 1786. He
was chamber musician at the court of Wei-
mar, and composed music to Bertuch's
tragedy of Elfriede, besides symphonies,
and pieces for the clarinet. Gerber ; Schil-
ling ; Mendel ; Fetis.

EDSON, LEWIS, born in Bridgewater,
Mass., Jan. 22, 1748, died in Woodstock,



New York, in the spring of 1820. He wrote
the popular hymn tunes, Lenox, Bridge-
water, Greenfield, and others, first published
by Simeon Jocelin and A. Doolittle in "The
Chorister's Companion" (New Haven, 1782).
In 1801-17 he was in New York and as-
sisted in the compilation of "The New York
Selection of Sacred Music" (1804-10), by
Lewis and Thaddeus Seymour. About 1817
he removed to Woodstock, Conn.

EDUARDO E CRISTINA, Italian opera,
text by Schmidt, music by Rossini, rep-
resented at the Teatro San Benedetto, Ven-
ice, 1819. Princess Christine of Sweden,
betrothed to Prince James of Scotland,
secretly marries an officer named Edward.
Both are thrown into prison, but Edward,
freed, delivers the king from great danger
during the Russian bombardment of Stock-
holm, and the monarch pardons him and
recognizes the marriage. This, Rossini's
twenty-sixth work, is largely a reproduction
of two earlier operas, Ricciardo e Zora'ide
and Ermione. An opera of the same title,
music by Pavesi, was given in 1811, in Na-
ples. Edwards, Life of R., 202.

EDVARDO STUART, Italian opera, mu-
sic by Cipriano Pantoglio, represented at
the Teatro Minzoni, Milan, May, 1887.

EDWARDS, RICHARD, born in Somer-
setshire, England, 1523, died in London, Oct.
31, 1566. Composer and poet, scholar of
Coi-pus Christi College, Oxford, in 1540 ;
M.A., Oxford, 1547. He studied music un-
der George Etheridge, and became, in 15C3,
Muster of the Children of the Chapel Royal.
The music of the beautiful madrigal, " In
going to my naked bedde," is coujecturally
assigned to him, as it is certain that he wrote
the verses. The poem, " The Soul's Knell,"
said to have been written on Ids death-bed,
is well known. He wrote also many other
poems and two comedies. Grove.

EEDEN, JOHAN VAN DER, born at
Ghent, Dec. 21, 1844, still living, 1888.
Pupil at the Conservatoire, Ghent, where
he won several first prizes, and of Fetis in
Brussels (1863). At the Concours National,



EGERIA



in 1865, he won the first prize with his
cantata, Le vent, and in 1869 with the can-
tata, La derniere nuit cle Faust. After hav-
ing travelled in France, Italy, and Germany,
he settled at Assisi. Mendel, Ergiinz., 94.

EGERIA, Italian operetta in one act, text
by Metastasio, music by Hasse, represented
in Vienna, 1764, in honour of the coronation
of Joseph II., King of the Romans. Scene
at the fountain of Egeria. Characters rep- j
resented : Egeria, Venere, Mercuric, Marte,
Apollo.

EGGHARD, .JULIUS (Count von Harde-
gen), born in Vienna, April 24, 1834, died '
there, March 23, 1867. Pianist, pupil of
Karl Czerny, and in composition of Sechter ;
from his fifteenth year he appeared often
successfully before the Viennese public, and
was much esteemed as a teacher. In 1853-
55 he was in Paris, and gave several con-
certs at the Sulle Erard. His tasteful
compositions for the pianoforte in charac-
teristic style were widely popular. Works : '
La campanella, impromptu, op. 2 ; Variations
de bravour, op. 4 ; Nocturne en trilles, op.
6 ; Idylle, op. 7 and 8 ; Souvenir de Pesth,
op. 9 ; Reve d'amour, op. 10 ; Mazurka de
salon, op. 11 ; Polka de salon, op. 12 ; Ro-
mance, op. 13 ; Les adieux du berger, idylle,
op. 14 ; La danse des sylphes, impromptu,
op. 15 ; Je peuse a toi, chanson sans paroles,
op. 17 ; Chanson erotique, op. 19 ; Serenade
italienue, op. 22 ; Nocturne poutique, op.
23 ; Fleurettes, etude de salon, op. 26 ; Sa-
rolta, impromptu de salon, op. 27 ; etc.
Wurzbach ; Le Pays (Paris, 1855, No.
32) ; Wiener Couversatiousblatt (1855), 212.

EGLI, JOHANN HEINRICH, born at
Seegreben, Canton of Zurich, March 4,
1742, died at Zurich, Dec. 19, 1810. Vocal
composer, pupil of Pastor Schmiedli at We-
zikon ; settled at Zurich, where he became
a favourite teacher, and greatly influenced
religious music. His songs are still popular
in Switzerland. Works : 6 Sehweizer-Can-
taten vou Lavater, with orchestra (1786) ;
Schweizerlieder von Lavater (1787); Blu-
meulese geistlicher Gedichte, etc. (1788);'



Oden von Cramer (1786) ; 12 Neujahrs
Cantaten ; 60 geistliche Lieder (1791);
Schweizer Volkslieder (1788) ; Schweizer
Freiheitsgesang (1789) ; Kinderlieder, for
two voices ; Gellert's geistliche Oden und
Lieder (1789) ; do. zweiter Theil (1791) ;
Lieder der Weisheit und Tugend (1790) ;
Christliches Gesaugbuch (Zurich, 1798) ; and
many others for one and more voices. All-
gem, d. Biogr., v. 678; Fetis ; Gerber ;
Schilling.

EGMONT, overture and incidental music
to Goethe's tragedy of the same title, by
Beethoven, op. 84, composed in 1809 ; first
performed, May 24, 1810. The composer's
third work for the stage, written between
the second writing of Leonore, and Fidelio.
The overture depicts in broad, vigorous
traits what may serve for an introduction
to the drama, to wit, the immutability of
fate, the pathos in the suppression of lib-
erty, and the fall of its hero, the pleasant
existence of the people who are to be sup-
pressed, and, finally, the joy of triumph, pro-
claiming that the reaction must, at last,
succumb. Besides the overture, the music
consists of two soprano songs, four entr'-
actes, Cliircheu's death, a melodrama, and a
finale ; in all, ten numbers. The finale is
identical with the conclusion of the over-
ture, which was apparently written last.
To fit the music for performance exclusive
of the drama, verses connecting the move-
ments were written in Germany by Mosen-
geil and Bernays, and in England by Will-
iam Bartholomew. Published by Breitki >pf
& Hiirtel (Leipsic, 1811-12). Marx (Berlin,
1875), ii. 162 ; Thayer, Verzeichuiss, 82 ;
Vou Lenz, ii. 207.

EGMONT, opera-comique, text by Wolff
and Millaud, music by Salvayre, represented
at the Opera Comique, Paris, Dec. 6, 1886.
A failure.

EGRESSY, BENJAMIN, born about
1814, still living (?). He settled in Pesth
as an actor, and later composed many Hun-
garian melodies, songs, and other vocal

O O '

and instrumental music. He also translated



EIIERXE



plays and operas, and wrote the librettos of
several Hungarian operas. Wurzbach, iv.
5 ; Mendel ; Fetis.

EHERNE SCHLANGE, DIE (The Bra-
zen Serpent), oratorio for male voices, text
by Giesebrecht, music by Karl Loewe, op.
40, written in 1834.

EHLERT, LUDWIG, born in Konigs-
berg, Jan. 13, 1825, died in Wiesbaden,
Jan. 4, 1884. Pianist, pupil at the Leipsic
Conservatorium under Mendelssohn and
Schumann; settled in Berlin as a teacher
in 1850 ; visited Italy several times, direct-
ing the Soeieta Cherubini in Florence;
taught in Tausig's Berlin school in 1869-
71 ; was teacher to the princes in Meiuiug-
en ; and settled in Wiesbaden. Professor
in 187.">. Works: Overtures to Hafiz and
Winter's Tale ; Spring Symphony ; Senate
romautique ; Requiem for a child ; Songs
and pianoforte pieces. He was the author
of "Briefe iilier Musik an cine Freundiu "
(Berlin, 1S5'.), 18(i7, 1879 ; translated as
"Letters on Music to a Lady," London and

Boston, 1877) ;
"Aus der Ton-
welt" (Berlin,
1877 ; trans-
lated as " From the Tone-World," New
York, 1885). Kiemann ; Mendel; Grove;
Fetis, iii. 119; do.. Supplement, i. 301.

EHRKNUKKd, died young at Dessau,
17911. He was chamber musician in Dessau,
and wrote an opera, A/.akia, text by Schwan,
Dessau, 1790, besides considerable vocal
music. Gerber ; Fetis ; Schilling ; Men-
del.

EHRHART, LKON, born at Miilliauseu,
Alsace, May 11, is.'it, died near Florence,
Oct. 4, 1875. Dramatic composer, pupil in
his native place of Heyberger, in Paris of
Chauvet and at the Conservatoire of Benoist
and Reber. The cantata of Acis et Gala-
tee secured him the prix de Rome in 1874,
and while visiting Rome and Venice he
worked on a comic opera and an oratorio
until his premature death. Fetis, Supple-
ment, i. 301.




EHRUCH, CHRISTIAN FRIEDRICH,
born at Magdeburg, May 7, 1810, still liv-
ing, 1888. Pianist, pupil of Hummel in
Weimar, returned to his native city about
1834, where he is conductor of the Sing-
akademie, and one of the founders, and pres-
ident of the Tonkiiustler-Vereiu. He has
composed several operas, of which Die Ro-
senmadchen, and Korrig Georg were suc-
cessfully given at various provincial the-
atres ; also organ and pianoforte music, and
sacred and secular songs. -Mendel.

EHRNSTEIN, JOHANN JACOB STU-
PAN VON, German composer, lived in the
beginning of the 18th century. He pub-
lished Rosetum musicum and 12 sympho-
nies. Gerber; Mendel; Fetis.

EH! VIA,BUFFONE. See Don Giovanni.
EICHBEIIG, JULIUS, born, of German
parentage, in Diissel-
dorf, German}-, June
13, 1824, still living,
1888. Violinist and
dramatic composer ;
p vi p i 1 on the violin
and in composition,
at Wiirzburg, Bavaria,
of Joseph Frolieh, and
iu counterpoint and
ore] iest rat ion of Julius
Rietz. He went to

Brussels in 1842, studied composition un-
der Fetis, and the violin under Meerts and
De Beriot, and obtained the 1st prizes in
violin playing and composition in 1843 at
the Conservatoire. After this he resided
several years in Frankfort-on-the-Main and
in 184G went to Basel and Geneva, Switzer-
land, as director of music, and received the
appointment of professor of the violin and
of composition in the Geneva Conservatoire.
In ls5(j he removed to America and has
spent the past thirty years in Boston, where
he is director of the Boston Conservatory of
Music, general supervisor of musical instruc-
tion in the Boston public schools, and head
of Eichberg's School for Violin Playing. He
has a national reputation as a teacher of







EIC1IBEKG



the violin, some of the best public perform-
ers Laving been his pupils. Works : The
Doctor of Alcantara, comic operetta in two
acts, text by Woolf, represented in Boston,
April 7, 1862 ; The Rose of Tyrol, ib., 1865 ;
The Two Cadis, ib., 1870 ; A Night in
Rome, ib., about 1870. Studies for the vio-
lin ; Trios and quartets for string instru-
ments ; Songs ; Works for the use of mu-
sical instruction iu schools. The Doctor of
Alcantara has been performed many times
in America, and is one of the few works of
the kind, written in America, which has
made a permanent reputation.

EICHBERG, OSCAR, born in Berlin,
Jan. 21, 1845, still living, 1888. Pianist,
pupil of his father ; played in public at the
age of ten ; then studied the pianoforte un-
der Loschhorn and composition under Kiel.
He settled iu Berlin as a teacher, founded
a singing society in 1871, wrote musical ar-
ticles, and began the publication of a mu-
sical calendar in 1879. Has published pi-
anoforte music, songs, etc. Mendel ; Fetis,
Supplement, i. 302 ; Riemann.

EICHHORN, HERMANN, born iu Bres-
lau, Oct. 30, 1847, still living, 1888. Virtu-
oso on the horn and dramatic composer,
pupil of Emil Bolm ; at first studied law
and acquired the degree of doctor, but soon
devoted himself entirely to music. He has
composed the comic operas and operettas,
Drei auf eineu Schlag, Zopf nnd Krumm-
stab, Blaue Kinder, and others, besides pi-
anoforte pieces and songs, and has also
published several valuable monographs on
the history of instruments and of instru-
mental music. Riemann.

EICHHORN, JO H ANN, born about
1766, died after 1815. Violinist. Lived iu
Berlin and at Bruchsal, Baden, and joined
the court orchestra at Mannheim in 1807.
Works: Concerto for violin (Berlin, 1791);
Solos for do. (ib.) ; 3 quartets for two vio-
lins, viola, and bass (Darmstadt, 1794) ; 3
duos for violins, op. 9 (Leipsic, Kiihuel) ;
Quintet for two violins, two violas, and
bass, op. 11 (ib.). Fetis; Gerber.



EICHLER. FRIEDRICH WILHELM,
born in Leipsic in 1809. Violinist, pupil
of Spohr iu Cassel ; became Couzertmeister
at the theatre in Kiiuigsberg in 1832 ; from
1847 lived several years in London, and
then settled at Baden-Baden. Among his
compositions for violin are : Variations on
a Swiss theme, with orchestra or pianoforte,



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