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pella, partly with organ or orchestra. Fe-
tis, Supplement, i. 370 ; Mendel, Ergiinz.,
122.

GHERARDI, BLASIO, Italian composer,
maestro di cappella of the Cathedral of Ve-
rona about the middle of the 17th century.
Works : Motets for 3, 4, 5, 6, and 8 voices
(Venice, 1650). Fetis ; Mendel ; Gerber.

GHERSEM, GAUGERIC (Gory) DE,
bom in Tournay about 1570, died there,
May 25, 1G30. At first a chorister iu the
Cathedral of Touriiay, he was a pupil of
Georges de la Hole, who kept him iu his
choir when he became maestro de capilla
to Philip II. of Spain. Ghersem succeeded
his master in this position, but returned
to Brussels iu 1G04 to become maestro to
the Governor of the Netherlands. Iu 1(508
he was made canon of Sainte-Gudule and in
1G14 of the Cathedral of Tournay. His
masses, motets, and vilhancicos, published
i 11 Spain, were much esteemed, as he was a
fine contrapuntist, Van dor Straeten, ii. 1 ;
v. 130 ; Fetis ; Mendel, iv. 236 ; Ergiinz.,
122 ; Gerber ; Schilling.

<iHEZZI, IPPOLITO, composer of mo-
tets, oratorios, etc., living in last years of
the 17th and early part of the 18th centu-
ries. He was maestro di cappella of the
Cathedral of Montepulciano. His music
was published in Florence and Bologna, in
lii'.i'.i ITHS. Asa theorist he is known by
"II setticlave canoro " (Bologna, 1709).
Fetis ; Mendel.

GHINASSI, STEFANO, born in Brescia
iu 1731, died (?), Dramatic composer, pu-
pil of Andrea Labella. He was accompa-
nist at the Teatro San Samuele, Venice,
and in 1784-90 was director of the Italian
Opera, Dresden. He was later accompanist
in Warsaw. Works Operas : II governa-
tore dell' isole Cauarie, Dresden, 1785 ; II



Mil



GIIIRETTI



seraglio d' Osmanno, ib., 1787 ; Lo strava-
gante Inglese, ib., 1790. Fetis ; Mendel ;
Gerber; Schilling.

GHIRETTI, GASPAKO, born in Naples
in 1747, died in Parma in 1827. Violinist,
pupil at the Conservatorio della Pietii ; be-
came chamber musician to tbe Duke of
Parma. Works : Several books of sonatas,
and caprices for the violin ; 2 masses, lit-
anies, and a Stabat Mater for 3 voices. All
iu MS. Fetis ; Mendel.

GHISELIN (Ghiselaiu, Ghiseling, Ghise-
linus), JEAN, Belgian composer of the 15th
and 16th centuries. Nothing is known of
his history, but he is surmised to have been
a native of the province of Haiuaut. He
left five masses, to be found in Petrucci's
Missre Diversorum (Venice, 1500), as many
four-part motets, in the 4th book of Motetti
della Corona (1505), and a five-part song in
Glarean's Dodecachordon. Fetis ; Biog.
nat. Belg., iii. 730.

GHIZZOLO (Ghizzola), GIOVANNI,
born in Brescia, second half of the 16th cen-
tury, died (?). A Franciscan monk, he was
maestro di cappella to Cardinal Aldobrau-
dini at the Cathedral of Ravenna, and sub-
sequently in Milan and in Venice. Works :
2 books of madrigals (Venice, 1608-19) ; 4
books of motets, canzonets, etc. (1609) ;
Masses and concertos (1611) ; Psalms (1618);
Masses, psalms, litanies (1619) ; do. (1624).
Fetis ; Mendel ; Riemann.

GHYS, JOSEPH, born in Ghent in 1801,
died in St. Petersburg, Aug. 22, 1848.
Violinist, pupil of Lafont ; was professor
of music at Amiens, and then at Nantes, for
several years. He was a most excellent
performer, and from 1832 to 1835 travelled,
and gave concerts with Servais the violon-
cellist, with whom be went to England, aud
from 1837 to 1848 travelled through Ger-
many and the north of Europe. Works :
L'orage, grande etude pour violon seul,
op. 5 (Berlin) ; Sixieme air varie ; Mouve-
ment perpetuel, caprice de concert, violoii
et quatuor, op. 36 ; Triste pensee, melodic ;
Pensee fixe, grand agitato pour violou et



piano, op. 37 ; Concerto pour violou et or-
chestre, op. 40 (Mayence) ; Romances pour
voix avec accompaguement de piano. Fe-
tis ; Biog. nat. Belg., vii. 746 ; Wasielewski,
Die Violine. 386.

GIACCHE MORIR NON POSSO, con-
tralto aria of Zenobia, in C minor, with ac-
companiment of violins in unison, viola, and
bass, in Handel's Radamisto, Act II. Pub-
lished, with additional accompaniments, by
Robert Franz, Leipsic, Kistuer.

GIACOBBI, GffiOLAMO, born in Bo-
logna about 1575, died there, Nov. 30,
1630. Dramatic composer, one of the
founders of the Bologuese school. He was
maestro di cappella of S. Petronio, Bo-
logna, and founder of the Accademia dei
Filomusi, which met at his house. His
opera Andromeda, 1610, was one of the
first, if not the first, given in Bologna. His
masses and motets, which were in Padre
Martini's collection of MS., now belong to
the Convent of S. Francesco, Bologna. Fe-
tis ; Mendel ; Arubros, iv. 294.

GIACOMELLI, GEMINIANO, born at
Parma iu 1686, died at Naples, Jan. 19, 1743.
Dramatic composer, pupil of Capelli ; he
wrote his first opera when only eighteen
years old. The Duke of Parma became his
patron, and sent him to finish his studies in
Naples under Scarlatti. After composing
operas for the principal theatres of Italy,
he went to Vienna as chamber musician to
Charles VI., returning in 1731 to Naples.
Works Operas: Ipermestra, given at Par-
ma, Teatro Farnese, 1704 ; Catone in Utica,
L'Arreuione, Vienna, about 1720 ; Epami-
nondas, Naples, 1731 ; Lucio Papirio, Ve-
rona, 1734 ; Merope, Venice, 1734 ; Cesare
in Egitto (his best work), Turin, 1735 ; Ar-
sace, ib., 1736. Fctis ; Mendel ; Rieuiauu ;
Schilling.

GIAMBERTI, GIUSEPPE, born in Rome,
second half of the 16th century, died there
in 1630. Church composer, pupil of Na-
nini and of Agostini ; maestro di cappella of
the Cathedral of Orvieto and subsequently
assistant maestro, aud in 1G29 full maestro,



(HAXELLA



of S. M. Maggiore, Rome. He is best
known for his corrections of the Roman
Autiphoiml service published in Rome
twenty years after his death. Fetis ; Men-
del ; Schilling.

GIAXELLA, LUIGI, Italian flutist, who
went to Paris about 1800 ; died there in
1817. Was first flute at the Opera BoufTe,
then established at the Theatre de la rue de
la Yictoire. Works : L'argeut fait tout,
ballet, La Scala, Milan, 1790 ; L'officier co-
saque, opera (with Duruouchau), given at
the Theatre de la Porte Saint-Martin, 1805 ;
Acis et Galatee, ballet, Opera, 1806 ; Three
concertos for flute and orchestra ; Quintets,
trios, duos, nocturnes, for flute and other
instruments ; Romances, with pianoforte.
Fetis ; do., Supplement, i. 377 ; Mendel ;
Schilling.

GIANETTINI (Zanettini), ANToNlo.
born in Venice in 1(!49, died at Modena,
August, 1721. Dramatic composer, became
maestro di eappella to the court of Modena
in 1686. He was called to Hamburg to
bring out some of his operas in 1693.
Works Operas: Medea in Aienr, Venice,
1676 ; Aurora, ib., 1G78 ; Irene e Costan-
tino, ib., 1CS1 ; Krmione, Hamburg, 1695 ;
I presagi di Melissa, Modena, 1709 ; L'in-
gresso alia gioventh di Ncrone. Oratorios :
La creazione de' magistral! di Muse ; Amore
alia Catena; L' uomo in l!ivio; La morte
di Crist o, Vienna, 1704 ; Jefte ; II martirio
di Santa Giustina ; Several cantatas ; Salmi
a quattro voci eon stromenti (Venice, 1717) ;
Kyrie for 5 voices and instruments. Fetis ;
Riemann.

GIANNETTI, RAFFAELE, born at Spo-
leto, April 16, 1817, died in Naples in Au-
gust. 1872. Dramatic composer, pupil at
the Couservatorio, Naples, in 1837-44 ;
studied under Lanza, Spalletti, Cimarosa the
younger, Busti, Crescentini, Ruggi, Parisi,
and Donizetti. Published vocal melodies
and church music. Works : La colomba
di Barcelona, opera, Naples, 1855 ; Church
music; Songs. Fefis, Supplement, i. 378 ;
RIeudel, Ergiinz., 123.



GIANNI DI CALAIS (Jean de Calais),
opera buffa, text by Gilardoni, music by
Donizetti, first represented in Naples, 1828,
and in Paris, at the Theatre Italien, Dec.
17, 1833. An opera of the same title, mu-
sic by Giacomo Panizza, was given at Trieste,
1834 ; and another, music by Giovanni Pa-
cini, at Naples, 1838.

GIANNI DI P \ I ! K i I (Jean de Paris), Ital-
ian opera, text by Romani, music by Doni-
zetti, represented in Milan, Sept. 10, 1839.
The libretto is an adaptation of Jean de
Paris by Saint-Just and Boieldieu (1812).
Romani's version had been previously set
to music by Morlacchi, Milan, May 30, 1818,
and by Giovanni Antonio Sperauza, Naples,
August, 1836.

GIANNINA E BERNADONE, Italian
opera in two acts, music by Cimarosa, rep-
resented in Venice, 1781, in Vienna, 1784,
in Naples, 17X8 and in Paris, July 18, 1801.

(il.VNMNI, GIOVACCHINO,' born at
Lurra, Mareh 20, 1817, died in Brazil in
I sill. Pianist and organist, pupil of Do-
menico Fanucchi and Marco Santucci.
Went to Brazil in 1843 or 1844. Works :
Two cantatas for several voices and instru-
ments ; Several pieces of church music, for
two, three, and four voices, a cappella,
1840-43 ; Music to Manzoui's cantata, II
quinto di Maggio. Fetis, Supplement, i.
378 ; Mendel, Ergiinz., 123.

GLVNNINI, SALVATORE, born in Na-
ples, Dec. 24, 1830. Pianist, pupil of Giu-
seppe Lillo. He wrote an opera, several
elementary works, and a number of piano-
forte and sacred pieces. Fetis, Supple-
ment, i. 378 ; Mendel, Ergiinz., 123.

GIANOTTI, PffiTRO, born in Lucca,
died in Paris, June 19, 1765. Contrabass-
ist. pupil of Rameau ; was engaged at the
Opera, Paris, in 1739-58. He became cele-
brated as a teacher. Works: 6 books of
sonatas for violin and violoncello ; Duos ;
Trios ; Songs. Author of " Guide du com-
positeur" (Paris, 1859), an instruction book
on Rameau's system. Fetis ; Buruey, Hist.,
iv. 626 ; Mendel ; Riemauu.



142



GIANSETT1



GIANSETTI (Gianzetti), GIOVANNI
BATTISTA, Composer of the Roman
school, maestro di cappella of S. Giovanni in
Laterauo, Rome, iu 1667-73. He published
5G motets for 2, 3, 4, 5, ami G voices. His
reputation rests on a mass for 48 voices in
12 choruses, executed at S. M. sopra Mi-
nerva, Aug. 4, 1G75. Fetis ; Mendel.

GIARDINI, FELICE DE', born in Turin,
April, 1716, died in Moscow, Dec. 17, 1796.
Dramatic composer and violinist, chorister in
the Milan Cathedral, pupil in Milan of Pala-
dini in singing, the harpsichord, and har-
mony, and in Turin of Somis on the violin.
After playing in the opera band in Rome and
in the Teatro S. Carlo, Naples, he made a
tour through Germany, and played in Paris
in 1748-49. In 1750 he appeared in London,
where he was greatly admired for the mel-
lowness of his tone and the brilliancy of his
execution. In 1752 he became leader at
the Italian Opera and in 175G undertook its
management, but met with pecuniary loss.
He was manager again, however, in 1763-
G5. In 1774-80 he was leader at the Pan-
theon concerts, in 1782-83 again at the
Opera, and in 1784 went to Italy with the
intention of remaining ; but iu 1790 he re-
turned to London and tried to establish
there an Italian Opera, failing in which
he took his troupe to Russia, where he
died. Giardini was one of the greatest
violinists of his time and had no rival in
London until Cramer appeared. His best
works are his pieces for the violin, liis operas
meeting with little success. He owned Co-
relli's violin and always used it at his con-
certs. Works Operas : Euea e Laviuia,
London, 1756 ; Love in a Village, ib., 1757 ;
Rosmira, ib., 1757 ; Cleonice, ib., 1764 ;
Siroe, ib., 1764. Oratorio, Ruth, London,
1752. Chamber music : 4 sets of violin
solos, op. 1, 7, 8, 1C ; 12 solos, op. 19 ; G
violin duets, op. 2 ; 6 sonatas for pianoforte
and violin, op. 3 ; 12 violin concertos, op.
4, 5, 15 ; 3 sets of trios for stringed instru-
ments, op. 6, 14, 20 ; 6 quintets for piano-
forte and string instruments, op. 11 ; 12




quartets for string instruments, op. 20, 29 ;
Songs, catches, etc. Fetis ; Grove ; Men-
del ; Schilling ; Hart, The Violin, 233 ;
Buruey, History, iv. 521 ; Wasielewski, Die
Violine, 98 ; Dubourg, The Violin, 81.

GIASONE (Jason), Italian opera, text
by Giacomo Andrea Cicognini, music by
Francesco Cavalli, represented iu Venice,
1G49. The original score in MS. is pre-
served in the library of S. Marco, Venice.

GIBBONS, CHRISTOPHER, born iu
1615, died in Lon-
don, Oct. 20, 1G76.
Organist, son of Or-
lando Gibbons, pu-
pil of Edward Gib-
bons in the choir of
Exeter Cathedral.
He was organist of
Winchester Cathe-
dral in 1640-44;
served in the Royalist army, and in 1660
became organist of the Chapel Royal, pri-
vate organist to Charles II., and organist of
Westminster Abbey. Mus. Doc., Oxford,
July 7, 1664. Works : Anthems in MS. ;
Hymns in Dering's "Cantica Sacra" (1674).
Grove ; Fotis.

GIBBONS, Rev. EDWARD, born about
1570, died after 1650. Organist, probably
sou of William Gibbons, one of the Waits
of Cambridge. He graduated as Mus. Bac.
at Cambridge, and on July 7, 1592, was in-
corporated at Oxford. He was organist,
priest- vicar, sub-chanter, and master of the
choristers of Bristol Cathedral iu 1592-
1611, and organist and custos of the col-
lege of priest-vicars of Exeter Cathedral in
1611-44. Some of his compositions are in
the Music School at Oxford ; and an an-
them, How hath the city sate solitary, with
prelude for the organ and accompaniment
for viols, is in the Trelawuey collection,
British Museum. Grove ; Fetis.

GIBBONS, ELLIS, born at Cambridge,
England, second half of 16th century. Or-
ganist, brother of Rev. Edward Gibbons.
He was organist of Salisbury Cathedral at



1J3




the latter .end of the 16th century, and un-
til about the year 1601. He contributed
two madrigals, Long live fair Oriana, and
Round about her chariot, to " Triumphs of
Oriana" (1601). Grove, i. ; Fetis.
GIBBONS, ORLANDO, born at Cam-
bridge, E n g -
land, in 1583,
died at Cauter-
bury, June 5,
1625. Brother
of the two pre-
cediug, and
the most fa-
mous of the
family. He
got his early
musical education probably at Cambridge,
in the choirs of some of the college chapels.
He succeeded Arthur Cock as organist at
the Chapel Royal, March 21, 1604. In
1610 he published some three-part fantasies
for viols, the first musical publication from
cupper plates in England. In 1611 he as-
sociated himself with Byrd and Dr. Bull in
compiling and publishing the "Parthcni.-i."
In 1612 he published his first set of five-
voice madrigals and motets. He was made
I'm helor and Doctor of Music at Oxford,
in May. !(:'', at the request of Camden the
historian. In 1623 he was appointed to
succeed Parsons as organist at Westmiu-
ster Abbey. In 1625 he was summoned to
( 'niiterbury to attend the nuptials of Charles
I., for which he had composed some music;,
and there he caught the small-pox, of which
he soon died. Gibbons was undoubtedly
the finest English organist of his time, as
well as one of the greatest composers of
English birth. His fame rests mainly on
his church music, which gained him the
nickname of "the English Palestrina " ;
for simple, solemn grandeur, and purity
of style it is hardly to be excelled. Much
of it was printed in Barnard's Church
Music, and in Boyce's Cathedral Music ;
the rest in a volume edited by Ouseley in
1873. His madrigals are among the best



of the English school, and were reprinted
by the Musical Antiquarian Society in 1841.
Works : Morning and Evening Service, in
F ; Te Deurn and Jubilate, in D minor ;
Veuite exultemus, in F ; Te Deum and
Beuedictus, do. ; First Preces, do. ; Second,
in G ; 23 Anthems ; Hymns ; 20 Madrigals
and Motets ; 9 Fantasies in 3 parts, for
viols ; 6 pieces for the virginals ; Galiards,
fantasias, pavans, etc. Grove ; Fetis ;
Athenreum (1885), ii. 644.

GIBELLI, LORENZO, died at Bologna
in 1811. Church composer, one of the
last pupils of Padre Martini ; maestro di
cappella of S. Salvatore, and of S. Barto-
lommeo, and later at the church of the
Theatines. Member of the Accademia fil-
armonica, 1743, priucipe in 1753. His
works are preserved in the library of S.
Bartolommeo. Panealdi, Vita di D. Gibelli,
celebre coutrappuutista e cantore (Bologna,
1830).

GIBELLINI (Ghibellini), ELISEO, born
at Osimo, Marches of Ancona, Italy, about
1520. Church composer, maestro di cap-
pella at Ancoua until 1581. He published
in Venice : Motetta super piano cautu (1546) ;
Motettorum cum quiuque vocibus (1548) ;
Madrigali a tre voci (1552) ; Introitus mis-
sarum de festis per cursum auui (Rome,
1565) ; II primo libro de' Madrigali a cinque
voci (1581). Fetis; Riemaiin.

GIBERT (Gisbert, Gispert), FRANCIS-
CO JAVIER, born at Granadella, Spain,
second half of 18th century, died in Madrid,
Feb. 27, 1848. Pupil of Antonio Sala ;
maestro de capilla at Tarazoua in 1800-08,
then of the convent in Madrid where he
died. "Works : Motets ; Masses ; and other
church music. Fetis, Supplement, i. 379 ;
Baltazar Saldoni in Efemerides de musicos
espanolea ; Mendel, Ergiinz., 123.

GIBERT, PAUL CESAR, born at Ver-
sailles in 1717, died in Paris in 1787. Dra-
matic composer. Studied music in Naples
with the best masters, and settled in Paris to
teach music. His operas were played at the
Coincdie Italieune. The best known are :



GIBSONE



La sibylle, 1738 ; Le carnaval d'ete, 1759 ;
La fortune au village, 17GO ; Soliman, ou
les trois sultanes, 1761 ; Apelle et Cam-
paspe, 1763. He wrote also for the Aca-
demie royale de Musique Deucalion et
Pyrrha, about 1770. Fetis ; Memlel ;
Schilling.

GIBSONE, IGNACE, born in London in
1826 or 1827, still living, 1889. Pianist,
pupil of Moscheles ; appeared at Brussels,
1845, at Baden, Homburg, Frankfort, Wies-
baden, Darmstadt, Berlin, 1846, returned to
London in 1850. Works : An opera (MS.) ;
Elfin Knight, cantata ; Wood Nymphs, do.
for female voices ; Two symphonies ; Sonatas
for violin and pianoforte ; Pianoforte pieces,
and Songs.

GIDE, CASIMIR, born in Paris, July 4,
1804, died there, Feb. 18, 1868. Dramatic
composer, pupil of Dourlen at the Paris
Conservatoire. Works Operas : Les trois
Marie, Theatre des Nouveautes, 1828 ; Le roi
de Sicile, given at the Opt'ra-Comique, 1830 ;
Les trois Catherine (with Adam), Theatre des
Nouveautes, 1830 ; Les jumeaux de la Re-
ole, ib., 1831 ; L'Angelus, Opera-Comique,
1834 ; Belphegor (unpublished) ; Fraucoise
de Rimini (do.) ; ballets : La chatte blanche
(with Adam), Theatre des Nouveautes, 1830 ;
La tentation (with Haluvy), Opera, 1832 ;
L'ile des pirates (with Carliui), ib., 1835 ;
Le diable boiteux, ib., 1836 ; La voliere,
ib., 1838 ; La tareutule, ib., 1839 ; Ozai 1 , ib.,
1847. Fetis ; do., Supplement, i. 379 ;
Mendel ; do., Ergiinz., 123.

GIGAULT, NICOLAS, born at Claye
(Brie), France, about 1645, died (?) He was
one of the best French organists of the
17th century, pupil of Titelouze ; published
organ music in 1685. Fetis ; Mendel.

GIGOUT, EUGENE, born at Nancy,
March 23, 1844, still living, 1889. Organ-
ist, pupil of Bazile Maurice and Mess, organ-
ists of the cathedral of Nancy, and in Paris
of Dietsch, Saint-Saens, and Loret. He was
professor of plain-chant and of solfege in
Niedermeyer's school of sacred music, Paris,
and organist of Saint-Augustin from 1863.



He has written a great deal of church music.
Fetis, Supplement, i. 379 ; Mendel, Er-
giinz., 123.

GIL, FRANCISCO ASSIS, born at Cadiz,
Spain, in 1829, still living, 1889. Dramatic
composer, pupil in Brussels of Fetis in 1850-
53, took the first prize in composition, and
after his return to Spain was appointed
professor of harmony at the Couservatorio,
Madrid. He wrote a treatise on harmony
(1850), an elementary treatise on same
(1856), and composed several operas for the
theatre at Madrid. Fetis ; do., Supple-
ment, i. 380 ; Mendel.

GIL Y LLAGOSTERA, CAYETAN, born
in Barcelona, Spain, Jan. 6, 1807, still living,
1889 (?). Flutist, pupil of Audrevi, Fran-
cisco Berini, and Calcaute. He played first
flute in the orchestra of the cathedral and
in the theatre of Barcelona twenty-two years.
W r orks : Symphonies ; Masses ; Requiem ;
Dance music for orchestra ; Flute music,
etc. Fetis, Supplement, i. 380 ; Mendel,
Ergiinz., 124.

GILBERT, ALFRED, born in Salisbury,
England, in 1828, still living, 1889. Pianist,
pupil at the Royal Academy of Music.
Member of Philharmonic Society, and of
Royal Society of Musicians ; do. of Academy
of St. Cecilia, Rome, 1884. Works : The
Rival Roses, dramatic scene, 1883 ; Trios
for pianoforte and strings ; Quintet.

GILBERT, ALPHONSE, born in Paris,
Feb. 2, 1805, still living, 1889 ('?). Violon-
cellist and organist, pupil at the Paris Con-
servatoire from 1822 ; won the 2d grand
prix in 1827, for the cantata Orphee. He
was a member of the Odeon orchestra, and
organist at Notre Dame de Lorette ; won
first government prize for historic and sa-
cred songs, 1847. Has published masses,
motets, cantatas, and organ music. Fetis ;
Mendel.

GILBERT, THOMAS BENNETT, born
in Salisbury, Oct. 22, 1833 (March 15,
1835?), died in London, May 11, 1885.
Instrumental and vocal composer, pupil at
the Royal Academy of Music, 1847, and at



145



UIU5KUT




the Conservatoriu m, Leipsic, of Moscheles,
Hauptmaun, Richter, Rietz, etc., 1852. Or-
ganist of different
churches, 1853-67, af-
terward singing teach-
er in London. He
used sometimes the
names Ernest Bennett
Gilbert and Charles
Bennett as pseudo-
nyms. "Works : Das
Stelldichein, operetta,
Leipsic, 1851 ; A
Night in Fairyland, do., Surrey theatre, 18G1 ;
Ramiro, dramatic cantata, 1879; Concert
overture, 1853 ; Overture to Merry "Wives
of Windsor, 185-1 ; String quartets ; Trio
for pianoforte, violin and violoncello ; Part-
songs, and songs ; Pianoforte music.

GILBERT, WALTER BOND, born of
English parentage in Exeter, England, April
21t, 1829, still living, 1889. Organist ; ar-
ticled pupil of Alfred Angel, organist of Ex-
eter cathedral, under whom he studied the
organ, the pianoforte, composition, and
choir-training ; then pupil of Dr. S. S. Wesley,
organist of Winchester cathedral, in organ
playing and composition, and afterward of
Sir Henry Bishop in instrumentation. He
was organist in 184719 at Topsham ;
IM'.i 53 at Bideford ; 1853-58 at Tuu-
bridgc; 1858-G5 at Maidstoue ; 1865-G7, of
St. Margaret's Church, London ; and 1867-
(i'.l in Boston, Lincolnshire. In 18(>1) he
went to America and became organist of
Trinity Chapel, New York, a position he
still holds. In 1854
the degree of Mus.
B a c . was conferred
upon him by the Uui-
versity of Oxford, in
1886 that of Mus. Doc.
by the University of
Toronto, and in 1888
Mus. Doc. by Oxford.
He has been also a
fellow of the London College of Organists
since its foundation in 1861. Mr. Gilbert




aided in preparing the historical part of
Hopkins and Rimbault's " History of the
Organ." Works : Songs : Once 'twas my
Hope, Never more, 1849 ; Madrigal, I had
both money and a friend, 1854. Piano-
forte : Fantasias, 1856 ; Cecilia's Medita-
tion, 1856. Organ : 3 Pieces, 1856 ; 10
Preludes and Fugues, 1876. Oratorios :
Saint John, 1857 ; Restoration of Israel,
1859 ; 19 services for Trinity Chapel, New
York, composed between 1870-87 ; and
about 25 anthems for the same church, com-
posed between 1870-88. He has prepared
also the following collections of church mu-
sic : Parish Church Manual, 1854; The
Canticles, 185G ; Church Chorister, 1872 ;
Hymnal, 1872.

GILCHRIST, WILLIAM WALLACE,
born of American par-
entage in Jersey City,
New Jersey, Jan. 8,
1846, still living, 1889.
Organist, pupil at the
University of Pennsyl-
vania of H. A. Clarke ;
was for a time solo
baritone of Holy
Trinity Church, and
of St. Mark's Church,

Philadelphia. In 1872 he went to Cincin-
nati and became choir-master of the First
New Jerusalem Society of that city, and in-
structor in the Cincinnati Conservatory ;
in 1873 he returned to Philadelphia and
was for four years choir-master of St.
Clement's Church. Since 1877 he has been
organist and choir-master of Christ Church,
Germantown, Penn., and since 1882 in-
structor in the Philadelphia Musical Acad-
emy. He is conductor of the following
musical associations : Philadelphia Festival
Chorus, Amphion Society, The Arcadian,
Mendelssohn Club, Germantown Choral,
West Philadelphia Choral. Works: 46th
Psalm, for soli, cboiiis, orchestra, and organ
(Cincinnati Festival prize, 1882) ; Song of
Thanksgiving, for chorus and orchestra ;
The Rose, cantata, New York, Feb'. 8,




GILDEMYN



1887 ; 3 male choruses ; Ode to the Sun ;
Autumn ; Dreaming (New York Mendels-
sohn Glee Club prize, 1880) ; also many
pieces of church music, songs, etc., and
unpublished music, both vocal and instru-
mental.

GILDEMYN, CHARLES FERDINAND,
born in Bruges, Aug. 18, 1791, died there,
March 22, 1854. Organist, pupil of Govaert
and Thienpont, chorister of Notre Dame de
Bruges, and organist of that church from
1807. He was awarded a silver medal by
the Socii'te Royale des Beaux-Arts in 1816,



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