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Czibulka, represented at the Carl Theater,
Vienna, Dec. 22, 1887. It was a success.

GNECCO, FRANCESCO, born in Genoa
in 1769, died iu Milan in 1810. Dramatic
composer, pupil of Mariaui, of the Sistine
Chapel, and the Cathedral of Savona.
Works Operas : Lo sposo di tre, marito
di uessuua, Milan, 1793 ; Gli Bramini, Italy,
about 1794 ; Argete, Naples, about 1794 ;
Le nozze de' Sanniti, Turin, about 1790 ;
Le nozze di Lauretta, ib., about 1797 ; La
prova d' un opera seria, Italy, about 179G,
Paris, 1806 ; Carolina e Filandro, Italy,
about 1798 ; II pignattaro, Naples, about

1799 ; La scena seuza scena, ib., about

1800 ; Gli ultimi due giorni di Caruevale,
Venice, about 1800 ; Arsace e Semiramide,

about 1808 ; I falsi galantuomini, Milan,
Teatro Carcano, 1809 ; Gli amanti filarmo-
uici, Italy, about 1810 ; Adelaide e Gues-
clino ; II nuovo podesta ; La testa riscal-
data. FOtis ; Mendel.

minor for tenor and bass, between Samson
and Harapha, in Handel's Samxon, Part II.

GOBATI (Gobatti), STEFANO, born at
Bergautino, Venetia, July 5, 1852, still liv-
ing, 1889. Dramatic composer, pupil at
Mantua of Campioni, at Bologna of Giu-
seppe Busi, and at Parma of Lauro Eossi,
whom he followed to Naples. His first op-
era, I Goti, brought out at Bologna, Nov.
30, 1873, was a success and was repeated
on all the principal stages of Italy. His
second opera, Luce, Bologna, 1875, Milan,
Scala, 1876, was equally successful. Fetis,
Supplement, i. 395 ; Mendel.

Antwerp, Sept. 28, 1835, died at Saint-Gil-
les, April 28, 1886. Pianist, pupil at the
Brussels Conservatoire. He published,
often under the pseudonym of Streabbog
(Gobbaerts reversed), about 1,200 numbers
of light pianoforte music, much of which
was popular. Works : Valse des masques,
op. 39 ; Nocturne, op. 45 ; Idylle, op. 49 ;
Galop di bravura, op. 56 ; Serenade, op.
84 ; Les papillons, 6 dances, op. 108 ; Trans-
criptions, etc. Fetis, Supplement, i. 395 ;

at Baumgarten, Silesia, iu 1817, still living,
1889 (?). Violinist, pupil of Pixis on the
violin, and of Dionys Weber in composition
at the Prague Conservatorium. In 1840 he
was first violin in the theatre orchestra at
Breslau, and in 1844 became director there.
Works : Overtures ; Violin music ; Songs.
Mendel ; Fetis.

GOBEL, KAEL, born iu Berlin, March
11, 1815, died at Bromberg, Oct. 26, 1879.
Pianist, Kapellmeister of the theatre in
Dantzic and, later, director iu Bromberg.
He had the title of royal Prussian music
director. Works Operas : Chrysalide,


about 1840 ; Frithjof, 1800. He was the
author of a " Kompendium der Klavier-
literatur." Mendel, iv. 285 ; Ergiinz., 127.

GOCKEL, AUGUST, born at Willibacles-
sen, Westphalia, in 1831, died there in
1861. Pianist, pupil of Mendelssohn and
Plaidy at the Leipsic Couservatorium in
1845. In 1853-56 he made a concert tour
ill the United States. Works : Pianoforte
music ; Chamber music ; Songs. Men-

born in Paris, Aug. 18, 1841), still living,
1889. Violinist and dramatic composer, pu-
pil of Kit-hard Hammer on the violin, and
from 1S(;:! at the Conservatoire in composi-
tion of lleber, and on the violin of Vieux-
temps, whom he accompanied twice on con-
cert tours to Germany. He is one of the
most noteworthy representatives, among
the younger generation of French compos-
ers, of the tendency inaugurated by Berlioz.
Prix Chartier of the Institut de France,
for his chamber music. Works : Pedro de
Xalamea, opera, given at Antwerp, Jan. 31,
ISM ; ,l,,,rlijn, opera,>-.< U, Feb. 25,
1888; Dante et P.eatri.v, Paris, 1888; Lcs
Guelfes, do. (MS. ) ; Diane et Aetcon, lyric
scene ; Le Tasse, dramatic symphony, op.
3!l (pri/.e of city of Paris, 1S7S) ; Symph-
onic gothique, op. 2;!; Symphonic,' orieii-
tale, op. M ; >v/;//y (/<///>' legendaiiv, Paris,
Chatelet. l.ssii NT ; Scene's poetiques, suite
for orchestra, op. 4(! ; Solitude for do. ; 2
valses for do. ; Concerto for pianoforte with
orchestra, op. 31 ; Introduction et Allegro,
for do., op. 4'J ; Concerto romautique, for
violin and orchestra, op. 35 ; 2 quartets for
strings, op. 33 and 37 ; 2 trios for piano-
forte and strings, op. aud 72 ; 4 sonatas
for pianoforte and violin, op. 1, 2, 9, and
12 ; Legende et Scherzo, for do., op. 3 ; G
duettini, for 2 violins with pianoforte, op.
18 ; Deux morceaux, for violoncello, with
do., op. 36 ; Suite de trois morceaux, for
violin, with do., op. 78 ; Pianoforte music
and many songs. Fetis, Supplement, i.
395 ; Rieuiauu.

CHARLES JEAN, born in Brussels, Jan. 15,
1742, died there about 1814. Violinist,
sou of Jacques Autoine Godecharle, singer
in the royal chapel (1712). He was edu-
cated a chorister of the chapel, aud was sent
to Paris to study the violin ; on his return,
in 1773, to Brussels he became violin player
in the chapel, and in 1788 first violin. He
was also maitre de chapelle of the Church
of Saiut-Gery, from 1776 until his death.
Most of his compositions are in MS., but
some were published in Brussels and Paris
(1705). Fetis ; Van der Straeten, ii. 231 ;
iv. 320 ; Hart, The Violin, 319 ; Mendel ;
Wasielcwski, Die Violiue, 284.

GUILLAUME) FELIX, born at Naniur,
July 24, 1818, still living, 1889. Harp vir-
tuoso, pupil at the Paris Conservatoire
from LS:i2 of Nadermann on the harp, for
which he won in 1835 the 2d prize. A
clever performer also on the pianoforte, he
wrote before he was nineteen years old a
trio for pianoforte, violin, and violoncello,
one of his best works. By constant prac-
tice he became as expert with his left as
with his right hand, and has been called
the Pagauiui of the harp. In 1839 he went
to Germany and afterwards to London, and
he has since made successful concert tours
in the principal countries of Europe. In
185G he participated, in Brussels, in the
twenty-fifth anniversary of the accession of
Leopold L, and was awarded the cross of
the Order of Leopold. Works : La harpe
d'or, opera-comique, given at the Theatre
Lyrique, Paris, 1858 ; La derniere bataille,
operetta, Paris, 1861 ; La tille de Saiil,
opera, Boulogne, 1883 ; Le reve, etude rnci-
lodique, op. 23 ; La melancolie, op. 24 ; Les
ivves de la Plata ; La danse des Sylphes ;
Souvenir castellan ; Danse indienne ; Me-
lodies de Schubert ; Rondo russe, etc. He
wrote also in 18G9 the cantata for the in-
auguration of the statue of Leopold I. in
Namur. Fetis, iv. 43 ; do., Supplement, i.


at Namur, Feb. 23, 1811, died in Paris,
Feb. 27, 1840. Harp virtuoso, brother of
the preceding ; pupil of Nadermann on the
harp, for which he won the 2d prize in
1828, and of Lesueur in composition. He
lived chiefly in Boulogne as teacher of the
harp and composer. In 1837 he made a
concert tour through Belgium. Works :
Le diadeste, ope'ra-comique, given in Paris,
1836 ; La chasse-royale, opera-comique in
two acts, Paris, 1839 ; Harp music ; Piano-
forte music ; Songs. Fetis; Larousse.

born in London in 1837, died there, Aug.
28, 1882. Bandmaster and composer, son
of Charles Godfrey, pupil at the Royal
Academy of Music. In 18G3 he succeeded
his father as bandmaster of the Coldstream
Guards. He was a prolific writer of lan-
cers, quadrilles, galops, polkas, and other
dance music.

GODFREY, CHARLES, born at King-
ston, Surrey, England, Nov. 22, 1790, died
in London, Dec. 12, 18G3. Bassoonist, for
fifty years bandmaster of the Coldstream
Guards ; appointed in 1831 musician in or-
dinary to the King. He composed and ar- !
ranged much music for military bands and
was the editor of "Jullieu's Military Baud
Journal," the first journal of military music
published in England. His three sons,
Daniel, Adolphus Frederick, and Charles,
Jr., are all noted in the same profession.

London, Jan. 17, 1839, still living, 1889.
Bandmaster and composer, son of Charles
Godfrey, pupil at the Royal Academy of
Music, London. He was bandmaster of
the Scots Fusiliers in 1SGO-68, and since
18G9 has held the same position in the
Royal Horse Guards. He is also professor
of military music in the Royal College of
Music and the Guildhall School of Music.
He is the author of numerous popular
waltzes, galops, quadrilles, and other dance
music, and is editor of the " Orpheus Jour-
nal," a military music periodical.

GODFREY, DANIEL, born in West-
minster, London, in 1831, still living, 1889.
Bandmaster and composer, eldest son of
Charles Godfrey, pupil at the Royal Acad-
emy of Music, London. He became in
185G bandmaster of the Grenadier Guards,
and is professor of military music at the
Royal Academy. In 1872 he made with his
band a concert tour in the United States,
the first visit there of an English military
baud since the War of Independence. He is
the author of many marches, waltzes Ma-
bel, Hilda, Guards, etc. and transcriptions
from popular operas. Grove ; Mendel ;

GOD SAVE THE KING, the English
national air, author of text and music un-
certain. It was first sung in public in Sep-
tember, 1745, at Drury Lane and Coveut
Garden Theatres, London, Dr. Arne har-
monizing it for the former and Dr. Burney
for the latter ; but there is some evidence
that it was sung in 1740 by Henry Carey at
a tavern in Cornhill, and that he announced
it as his own composition. Its authorship
has been attributed also to Dr. John Bull
and to others, but the weight of authority
seems to be in favour of Carey. It has been
adopted as a national air in Hanover, Bruns-
wick, Prussia, Saxony, Weimar, Sweden,
and in Russia until 1833, when the new
Russian anthem was composed. In Switz-
erland it is the air of the federal cantons,
"Rufst du, mein Vaterland," and in Ger-
many it is sung to the words " Eeil dir im
Siegerkranz," and also to "Brause, du
Freiheit-Sang." Weber introduced it into
his cantata Karnpf und Sieg, and his Jn-
bel-Ouvertiire, and Beethoven wrote varia-
tions on it for the pianoforte. Chappell,
Popular Music of Olden Time, ii. 691 ;
Chrysandftr, Jahrbiicher, i. 287 ; London
Mus. Times (March to August, 1878) ;

GOD SAVE THE KING, variations on,
for the pianoforte, in C major, by Beet-
hoven. Published first in Vienna, 1804.
Edition by Breitkopf & Hartel (Leipsic),



Variationen fiir das Pianoforte, etc., page
100. Thayer, Verzeichniss, 58.
GOES, DAMIAO DE, boru at Alemquer,
Portugal, in 1501, died
in Lisbon in 1573.
Church composer.
He was ambassador
successively to France,
Italy, Poland, and
Denmark, was in Rome
several years, and set-
tled in 1542 iu Lou-
vain. On his return
to Portugal he was made historian to the
court and was otherwise honoured. His
church compositions are in several collec-
tions of the time, including the Dodecachor-
dou of Glareanus. He was thrown into the
prisons of the Inquisition in 1571 and was
killed in 1573, according to Vascoucellos,
who gives a list of his works. Fetis ; Yas-
concellos ; Mendel ; do.. Ergiinz., 127.

YON, born in 'Weimar in 1S17, died there,
April 15, 1SS5. A grandson of the poet,
lie studied music under Mendelssohn and
\\Vinlig in Leipsic, and under Karl Loewe
in Stettin. He lived about 1850 for some
time in Vienna. Works Operas : Ansel-
mo Lancia, oder das Fisehermadchen, text
by Theodor Ki'irner, given iu Weimar,
1839; Der Gcfangeno von Bologna. il>.,
IMC; Elfriede, ib., 1853. Pianoforte mu-
sic ; Songs. Mendel ; N. Zeitschr, f. Mus.
(1885), 190.

GOETZ, FRANZ, born at Strasrhitz, Bo-
hemia, in 17."i.">, died at Olmiitx, Moravia,
after 1799. Violinist, at first in the thea-
tre orchestra at Briinn, then made a con-
cert tour through Bohemia and Silesia, and,
through the recommendation of Dittersdorf,
whose acquaintance he made at Breslau.
was made Conzertmeister in the episcopal
orchestra at Johannisberg ; afterwards again
in, he went as conductor of the
theatre orchestra to Briinn, and soon after
became Kapellmeister to the Archbishop of
Oluiiitz. He composed symphonies, con-

certos, and sonatas for violin, duos, trios,
etc., which remain in manuscript. Dlabacz,
Kunstl. Lex. fiir Bohmeu, 481 ; Fetis ;
Mendel ; W'urzbach.

GOETZ, HERMANN, born at Konigs-
berg, Dec. 17, 1840, died at Hottingen
(Canton of Zurich), Switzerland, Dec. 3,
187(i. Dramatic composer, first instructed
by Louis KOhler, on the pianoforte and in
harmony ; after completing his studies at
the University of Konigsberg, in 1858, he
entered Stern's school, Berlin, where he
studied the pianoforte under Billow, and
composition under L'lrioh. In 18G3 he suc-
ceeded Kirchuer as organist at Winterthur,
where he also gave lessons, founded a sing-
ing society, and conducted an amateur or-
chestra. Over-exertion by travelling be-
tween Ziirich, whither he moved in 1867,
and "Winter thur,
where he had kept
his former engage-
ments for over two
years, undermined
his health, and his
death at Hottingen,
where he had settled
in 1870, occurred just
as fame and fortune
began to smile on
him. Like Norbert
Burgmiiller, Goetz died probabry before his
full genius had had time to develop. He
may be regarded as one of the most notable
of the legitimate followers of Mendelssohn
and Schumann. Although he could not
escape the musical influences of his day,
the general bent of his genius was in the
classic, rather than the " future " direction.
His best-known works are the opera Der
Widerspenstigeu Zahmung, and the sym-
phony iu F major. Works : Der Witter-
a/H'iifi/fi/i'n Zahmung, opera, given at Mann-
heim. 1874; Francesca von Rimini, do.
(third act finished by Ernst Frank), ib., 1877 ;
AV//I/C (Audi das Schone muss sterben !, by
Schiller), for chorus and orchestra, op. 10 ;
Cantate (Es liegt so abeudstill der See), for



male chorus and orchestra (with tenor or
soprano solo), op. 11 ; 137th psalm, for
chorus, soprano solo, and orchestra, op. 14 ;
Symphony in F, for full orchestra, op. 9,
Leipsic, Gewaudhaus Concert, Jan. 27,
187G ; Friihlings-Ouvertiire, op. 15 ; Con-
certo for pianoforte, op. 18 ; do. for vio-
lin, op. 22 ; Trio for do., and strings, op.
1 ; Quartet for do., op. G ; Quintet for do.,
op. 1C ; Drei leichte Stiicke, for pianoforte
and violin, op. 2 ; Pianoforte pieces, op. 7,
8, 13, and sonata (4 hands), op. 17 ; Songs,

op. 3, 4, 5, 12, 19 ; Quartets for male voices,
op. 20 ; do. for mixed voices, op. 21.
Allgem. d. Biogr. ix. 509 ; Mendel ; Mus.
Wochenbl., vii. 228, G85, 707, 722 ; Sig-

poser, contemporary. He is honorary di-
rector of the Choral Society of Venders, the
oldest in Belgium. Works : Le pic du di-
able, comic opera, Verviers, 18G1 ; Le lever
du soleil, cantata ; Christophe Colomb, do. ;
Les croises, do. ; Le combat naval, do., and
others. Fetis, Supplement, i. 397.

GOLD, LEONHARD, born in Odessa in
1818, still living, 1889 (?). Violinist, pupil
of Joseph Buhm at the Vienna Conserva-
torium ; returned to Odessa in 183G. He
made a concert tour in 1837-39, and in
1840 became first violin of the theatre or-
chestra in his native town. He composed
at Vienna and brought out with success at
Odessa, 1837, an Italian opera. Schilling,
Supplement, 1G7 ; Mendel ; Fetis.

GOLDBECK, ROBERT, born, of German
parentage, in Potsdam, Prussia, April 19,
1839, still living, 1889. Pianist, pupil on
the pianoforte and in harmony of Louis
Kohler, his mother's brother ; then, through
the influence of Alexander von Humboldt,
a pupil, in Brunswick, of Litolff, in piano-
forte playing and composition. In 1851 he
went to Paris, and thence, in 185G, to London,

where he gave a private concert in the pic-
ture gallery of Devonshire House. In 18G1
he visited New York,
where he wrote most
of his larger composi-
tions. He founded a
conservatory in Bos-
ton, and in 18G8 went
to Chicago, and found-
ed there a second con-
servatory, of which ho
became director. In
1873 he removed to
St. Louis, where he
was for a time one of the directors of the
Beethoven Conservatory, and conductor of
the St. Louis Harmonic Society. In 1885
he settled in New York, where he is en-
gaged in teaching, giving pianoforte re-
citals, and conducting. Works : The Sol-
dier's Return, operetta, text by composer,
given in London, 1856 ; Saratoga, opera ;
Newport, opera, 1888 ; The Song of the
Brave Man, cantata ; Biirgers Leuore,
Idylle, Klegie, and other compositions for
the orchestra ; Symphony Victoria ; 2 con-
certos for pianoforte and orchestra, in G
minor, and in C ; Sextet for strings ; Quin-
tet for pianoforte and strings ; 135 compo-
sitions for the pianoforte, among them a
grande polonaise and a nocturne ; Much
concerted vocal music and a number of
songs. His didactic works comprise Three
Graduating Courses for pianoforte, voice,
and harmony in G volumes. Mendel ; Fetis,
Supplement, i. 398.

(Gottlob ? Theophilus ?), German composer
of the 18th century, supposed to have lived
in 1730-GO. Organist, pupil of Sebastian
Bach, who gave him the highest praise. In
175G was chamber musician to Count Briihl
in Dresden. He had a remarkable power
of improvisation, and could read the most
difficult music at sight, even when turned
upside down. Bach's Thirty Variations
were written for him, and are sometimes
called the Goldberg Variations. Works :



24 polonaises for pianoforte ; 2 concertos ;
Sonata with minuet and 12 variations for
pianoforte ; G trios for flute, violin, and
bass ; Preludes arid fugues ; Motet ; Psalm.
All his compositions are in MS. Allgem. d.
Biogr., ix. 331 ; Grove ; Mendel ; Fetis ;
Sjtitta, Bach, ii. 7'2C>.

GOLDE, ADOLF, born at Erfurt, Aug.
22, 1830, died there in April, 1880. Pian-
ist, sou and pupil of Josef Golde, an able
musician and conductor, who instructed
him on the clarinet and violin ; in 1S.">1 he-
went to Berlin, where he studied compo-
sition under Marx, and the organ under
Haupt and Hauer. He afterwards taught
the pianoforte at Stern's Conservatorium,
and also appeared in public as an able pi-
anist ; in 1S72 he assumed the direction of
the Sollcr Vocal So, 'iily at Erfurt, as suc-
ersMir of his father. Besides a symphony
in B minor, and other orchestral works, in
MS.. IK- has composed graceful pieces de
salon, dances, and marches for pianoforte.


BRIGHT, tenor air in 1) major of /adork,
in Handel's >W<m</f. Part ILL

GOLDEN LEGEND, THE, cantata, by
Dudley Buck, awarded the prize of one
thousand dollars offered in ls~'.l by the
Cincinnati May Festival Association for the
best work by a native composer, and per-
formed at the Festival of 1880. The text
is composed of a prologue, twelve scenes,
and an epilogue, from the "Golden Le-
gend " in Longfellow's " Christus." Charac-
ters represented : Elsie ; Prince Henry ;
Lucifer; Friar Paul. Upton, Standard
Cantatas, 109.

GOLDEN LEGEND, THE, cantata, text
adapted from Longfellow's poem of " Chris-
tiix" by Joseph Beunet, music by Sir Ar-
thur Sullivan, first performed at the Leeds
(England) Festival, Oct. 1C, 1880. The
libretto comprises a prologue, six scenes,
and a choral epilogue. Upton, Standard
Cantatas, 335.


Cross), eomic opera in two acts, text by
Mosenthal, music by Ignaz Briill, first rep-
resented in Berlin, December, 1875. The
libretto is an adaptation of the French vau-
deville, " Catherine, ou la croix d'or," by
Brazier and Melesville. Christine, sister of
Nicholas, a young innkeeper about to be
married to Theresa, but whose wedding is
interrupted by his being drawn in the con-
scription to fight under Napoleon against
the Russians, offers her hand in marriage,
after two years, to anyone who will go as
his substitute. Gontran, a young nobleman
who has been jilted, accepts her offer and
sends Bombardon, a sergeant, to get Chris-
tine's pledge the golden cross. In the
second act, which begins three years later,
Christine and Theresa are nursing a young
captain, who has returned wounded. He,
who turns out to be Goutran, falls in love
with Christine, but she refuses him out of
fidelity to her pledge. Gontran declares
his identity, but fails to prove it, as he has
given the golden cross to a comrade while
lying ou the battle-field in expectation of
death. Bombardon finally returns and con-
linns his story, and a second wedding is the
result. The opera was played in Vienna,
187G, and in an English dress, libretto by
John P. Jackson, in London, 1878. It was
given at the Metropolitan Opera House,
New York, Nov. 19, 1886, with the follow-
ing cast : Christine, Frau Seidl-Krauss ;
Theresa, Frl. Januschowsky ; Gontran, Max
Alvary ; Nicholas, von Milde ; Bombardon,
Emil Fischer.

GOLDMARK, KARL, born at Keszthely,
Hungary, May 18, 18.'!2, still living, 1889.
Violinist and dramatic composer, first in-
structed on the violin in the Musikverein
at Oedenburg (1843), then in Vienna pupil
of Jansa, and for a short time (1847-48) at
the Conservatorium of Br>lim, but on the
whole rather self-taught, especially in 1858
at Pesth by the study of Bach's, Beethoven's,
and Schumann's works. His overture, Sa-
kuntala, and a scherzo for orchestra first
attracted the attention of the musical world,



while his opera, Die Konigin von Saba
(1875), firmly established his fame. The
comparatively small
number of his com-
positions show a great
earnestness of pur-
pose and clearness of
form combined with
true feeling ; his in-
strumentation is very
brilliant. Works
Operas : Die Konigin
von Sab a, op. 27,
given in Vienna, 1875 ; Merlin, ib., 1886,
New York, 1887 ; DerFremdliug ; Sakuntala,
concert overture, op. 13 ; Die Ldndliche
Hochzeit, symphony, op. 26 ; Symphony in
E-flat ; Penthesilea, overture, op. 31 ; Scherzo,
for orchestra, op. 19 ; Concerto for violin with
orchestra, op. 28 ; 2 trios for pianoforte and
strings, op. 4 and 33 ; Quintet for do., op.
30 ; Quartet for strings, op. 8 ; Quintet for
do., op. 9 ; Suite for pianoforte and violin,
op. 11 ; Sonata for do., op. 25 ; Sturm und
Drang, 9 characteristic pieces for piano-
forte, op. 5 ; Drei Stiicke, for do. (4 hands),
op. 12 ; Tanze, for do., op. 22 ; Z\vci Novel-
letten, Praludium und Fuge, for do., op.
29 ; Regenlied, for mixed chorus, op. 10 ;
Friihliugsuetz, for four male voices, with
pianoforte and four horns, op. 15 ; Meeres-
stille und gliickliche Fahrt, for male chorus
and horns, op. 16 ; 4 choruses for male
voices, op. 14 and 17 ; Im Fuscherthale, 6
songs for mixed voices, op. 24 ; Friihlings-
hymne, for chorus, contralto solo, and or-
chestra, op. 23 ; Songs, op. 18, 20, 21, 32,
34. Illustr. Zeitg. (1878), ii. 250; Mus.
Wocheublatt, i. 6, 277, 441 ; ii. 500 ; viii.
269 ; x. 519 ; N. Zeitschr. f. Mus. (1866),
209, 218 ; (1867), 269, 279 ; (1868), 452 ;
(1870), 295 ; (1886), 533 ; Siguale (1886),
1073, 1089, 1121.

born in Vienna in 1853, still living, 1889.
Dramatic composer, pupil at the Vienna
Conservatorium. He belongs to a family of
wealthy financiers and follows music only

as an amateur. He is, however, notable as
virtually the only composer who has thor-
oughly followed out the principles of Wag-
uerianisni, applying them practically, with-
out stint. The immense notoriety of his
Todsiiuden and Helianthus seems to have
been merely ephemeral, and since 1885, lit-
tle, or nothing, has been heard from him.
Works : Die Sieben Todsiiuden, oratorio,
text by Robert Hamerling ; Hulianthiix, op-
) era, given in Leipsie, 1884 ; Music for piano-
forte and orchestra; Songs. Mendel.

burg, Aug. 21,
1829, still living,
1889. Pianist,
pupil of Jacob
Sclimitt and Fried-
rich W. Grund,
and in 1843-46 at
the Leipsie Con-
servatorium of
Mendelssohn. He
went to Paris in
1848 and studied
with Chopin. In 1849 he played in Lon-
don at a concert with Jenny Lind, and
iu 1851 went with her to America as con-
ductor of her concerts. He married her
in Boston, Feb. 5, 1852, and the couple
lived in Dresden in 1852-55 and in or
near London from 1858 until her decease
in 1887. He conducted festivals in Diis-
seldorf and Hamburg in 1863 and 1866,
was vice-principal of the London Royal
Academy of Music in 1863, and formed the
Bach Choir in 1875. He became an honor-

Online LibraryJohn Denison ChamplinCyclopedia of music and musicians (Volume 2) → online text (page 26 of 93)