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ary member of the London Philharmonic
Society in 1861 and member of the Swedish
Royal Academy of Music in 1864, and re-
ceived the royal Order of Vasa in 1876.
Works : Euth, oratorio, first performed at
the Hereford Festival, 1867, and afterwards
iu London, Diisseldorf, and Hamburg ; Trio
for pianoforte, violin, and violoncello, op.
12 ; Concerto for pianoforte and orchestra,
op. 10 ; 12 studies for pianoforte, op. 13 ;
12 songs with pianoforte accompaniment,




<.<>!. PSCliMinT



op. 8 and 9 ; Part-songs, etc. Grove ; Men-
del ; Fetis.

GOLDSCHMIDT, SIGISMUND, born in
Prague, Sept. 28, 1818, died in Vienna in
October, 1877. Pianist, pupil in Prague of
Tomaschek, Dionys Weber, and Joseph
Triebensee, and iu Palis of Dreyschock.
He lived in the latter city in 1815-49, then
returned to Prague. He composed over-
tures, sonatas, aud songs. Wurzbach, v.
260 ; Fetis ; Mendel, iv. 294 ; do., Ergiiuz.,
130.

GOLD SONG. See F,<l, !<,>.

GOLDWIX, JOHN, born (?), died at
Windsor, Nov. 7, 1719. Organist, pupil of
Dr. William Child, whom he succeeded as
organist of St. George's Chapel, Windsor,
in 1G97 ; became also master of the choris-
ters iu 1703. His service in Fis printed in
Arnold's "Cathedral Music." Boyce aud
Page also printed some of his anthems, and
others remain in MS. in Tud way's collection
and at Ely Cathedral, where he is entered as
Goldiug. Grove ; Fetis ; Mendel.

GOLINELLI, STEFANO, born at Bo-
logna, Italy, Oct. 2(5, 1818, still living 1889.
Pianist, whose reputation is very great in
Italy ; is professor in the Liceo at Bologna,
which has adopted his Ai giovani pianisti,
_M preludes, op. 177, as a study. Works:
~> s, Hiatus. c,p. :>>d, .->3, 54, 70, 40 ; 3 toccatas,
op. Us, 4S, 1st; ; '2 fautaisies romantiques,
op. 58, 76 ; Album, op. 11 ; 12 etudes, op.
15 ; 24 preludes, op. 23 ; do., op. 69 ; 2
etudes de concert, op. 47 ; Esquisses pian-
istiques, op. 120 ; Pensieri, op. 155 ; Fan-
tasia lirica, op. 163 ; etc. Fetis, Supple-
ment, i. 398 ; Mendel, Ergiiuz., 130.

GOLLER, MARTIN, born at Layen, Ty-
rol, Feb. 20, 1764, died in Innspruck, Jan.
II?, 18156. Church composer, son and pupil of
Daniel Goller, an organist ; at the age of six-
teen he entered the Benedictine mouastery
of St. Georgenberg, uear Fiecht. In 1811
he became music teacher to a new Musik-
vereiu at Innspruck, and directed the choir
of the university church there. His church
music was favourably judged by Michael



Haydn. Bernsdorf ; Mendel ; Schilling,
Supplement, 167 ; Staffler, Das deutsche
Tyrol, etc. (Innspruck, 1847), i. 678.

GOLLMICK, ADOLF, born at Frankfort-
ou-the-Maiu, Feb. 5, 1825, died in London,
March 7, 1883. Pianist, son and pupil of
Karl Gollmick and pupil of Riefstahl, H.
Wolff, and Kessler ; went to London iu
1844. Works : Dona Constanza, comic op-
era ; The Oracle, do.; Balthasar, do.; Blind
Beggar's Daughter of Bethnal Green, oper-
atic cantata ; The Heir of Linne, do.; Sym-
phony for orchestra ; Overture and marches
for do.; Pianoforte music and songs.

GOLLMICK, KARL, born at Dessau,
March 19, 1796, died in Fraukfort-on-the
Main, Oct. 3, 1866. Son of the teuor singer
Friedrich Karl Gollmick (1774-1852), and
pupil of Spindler in Strasburg, where he
began studying theology, but left the uni-
versity aud settled iu Frankfort as a teacher
of music and languages. Spohr engaged
him to play the kettledrums of the Frank-
fort theatre orchestra iu 1818 ; later he be-
came Correpetitor, and was pensioned in
1855. He wrote songs and pianoforte
music, operatic librettos, educational and
critical musical works, articles iu musical
journals, a musical dictionary, aud his au-
tobiography. Allgem. d. Biogr., ix. 345 ;
Mi ndel ; Fetis, iv. 50; do., Supplement, i.
398 ; Riemann.

GOLTERMANN, GEORG (EDUARD),
born at Hanover, Aug. 19, 1824, still living,
1889. Violoncellist, pupil of Prell and
Menter on the violoncello and of Lachner
iu composition. He made concert tours in
1850-52, became in 1852 musical director
in Wiirzburg, and in 1853 second, and iu
1874 first, Kapellmeister of the Stadttheater
in Frankfort-ou-the-Main. He is one of the
best of modern violoncellists, and an emi-
nent conductor. Works : 6 concertos for
violoncello and orchestra, op. 14, 30, 51, 65,
76, 100 ; Symphony for orchestra iu A
minor, op. 20 ; 2 Festspiel-Ouvertiiren, op.
24 and 94 ; Sonatas for pianoforte and vio-
loncello ; Dauses allemandes for violoncello



IB-



GOMBERT



and pianoforte, op. 42 ; Adagio for violou
cello and orchestra, op. 83 ; Morceaux ca-
racteristiques for violoncello and pianoforte,
op. 41, 48, 53 ; Elegie in C minor for do.,
op. 88 ; Songs, etc. Riemaun ; Mendel ;
Fetis, iv. 51 ; do., Supplement, i. 399 ;
Grove.

GOMBERT, NICOLAS, born in Bruge:
about 1495, died after 1570. One of the
most important composers of the Flemish
school, pupil of Josquiii Desprt'S. Educat-
ed for the church, he remained true to his
priestly vows, although he entered the ser-
vice of the Emperor Charles V., and resided
at Madrid in 1530-34 as musicus impera-
torius. Through that sovereign's favour he
was given a sinecure office in the Nether-
lands, which enabled him to spend his last
days in peace in his native country. Gom-
bert was Josquin's best pupil and the lead-
ing master of his time, Fetis says he was
a precursor of the style of Palestriiia, and
Ambros that he was gifted with such musi-
cal prescience as should ever make his name
respected. He was particularly renowned
for his fugues (canons), though his style is
more inclined to the sentimental than to
that of the severe contrapuntists of his
time, and he excelled in chamber and sec-
ular music. He delighted especially in
secular music, and chose pastoral subjects,
treating them much as Haydn and Mozart
did in later times. His music is descrip-
tive and his style delightfully fresh and sim-
ple. His love of nature is apparent in the
titles of his songs : En ce mois delicieux,
joyeux verger ; Le chant des oiseaux ;
L'etu chaud bouilloit ; Je m'eu vois au vert
bois ; etc. His music is found in all the
collections of the time. Eituer's Biblio-
graphie der Musik-Sammelwerke (Berlin.
1877) gives a list of nearly 250 of his com-
positions, printed in ninety different col-
lections between 1529 and 1573. Fetis
also gives a long list of his works, with the
names of the collections in which they are
found, such as Motetti del Trutto (1538-
39) ; Fior di Motetti (Venice, 1539) ; Ec-



clesiasticfe cantionum (Antwerp, 1553) ;
Sacrarum cantioues (ib., 1554-55) ; Mo-
tetti della Shnia (1539) ; Attaignaut's col-
lection of motets (1529) ; Moderno's (1532-
42) ; etc. His Grande Messe a quatre voix,
Je suis desheritee, is in a collection of
Masses printed by Le Roy and Ballard ; the
Eler collection, in the Library of the Paris
Conservatoire, contains nineteen of his
motets in MS. His chansons are in the
collections of chansons published by At-
taignaut and others ; his Allejuja me faut
chanter is in the 7th book of Attaignant's
Six galliards, etc. (1529) ; and the Com-
plaint of Gerard Avidius, set to music by
Gonibert, with the title, In losquinium a
Prato, etc., is in the 7th volume of Chansons
a 4, 5, G et 8 parties (Susato, Antwerp,
1543-50). Grove ; F6tis ; Burney, Hist,
of Music, iii. 302 ; Neues hist, biogr. Lex.
der Tonk., ii., Art. Gombertus, col. 357 ;
Die Verd der Niedl. in die Touk., 35;
Geschicht der Europ. abendliind., etc., 56 ;
Cat. der Samml. alter Mus., 36 ; Naumaun
(Ouseley), i. 343, 3GO.

GOMEZ, ANTONIO CARLOS, born, of
Portuguese parents, at
Campinas, Brazil, July
11, 1839, still living,
1889. Dramatic com-
poser, sent to Europe
by the Emperor, and
received his musical ed-
ucation at the Conser-
vatorio of Milan, under
Rossi. Though he had
previously produced in Rio Janeiro, in 1861,
a Portuguese operetta in three acts entitled
A noite de castello, his first success was a
little piece entitled Se sa minga, in the Mi-
lanese patois, given at the Teatro Fossati in
1807. Its popularity was largely due to a
song oil the needle-gun, which had an im-
mense success, coming as it did immedi-
ately after the Sadowa campaign. His next
opera, II Gtiarany, produced at La Scala
March 19, 1870, was also very successful,
and was afterwards played in Genoa, Flor-




IG'J



(io.MEZ



euce, Home, and in London in 1872. His
works since then have not had any success,
being obviously indebted for their inspira-
tion to Verdi and Meyerbeer, and having
little of the original flavour of II Guarany.
Later works : Fosca, Milan, 1873 ; Salvator
Kosa, Genoa, 1874 ; Maria Tudor, four acts,
text by Braga, Eome, Dec. 8, 1877 ; II saluto
del Brasile, ode, performed at the Centen-
nial Exhibition, Philadelphia, 187G. Fetis,
Supplement, i. 399 ; Grove.

GOMEZ, EUGENIO, born at Alcaiiiz,
S] i,iin, in 1802, still living, 1881). Pianist
and organist, chorister in the cathedral, pu-
pil of Luis Blasco and Manuel Dancha.
When twelve years old he was second organ-
ist, and subsequently organist, of the Cathe-
dral of Seville. Works : Pianoforte; music ;
Organ music ; Eepertorio de orgauistas (3
vols.). Fetis, Supplement, i. 399 ; Mendel,
Ergiinz., l:i".

GOMES, JOSEPH MELCHIOK, bora at
Anteniente, Valencia, in 1793, died in Paris,
July 2C, 183G. He became professor of
vocal music, when sixteen years old, in the
religious house where he was educated, and
when twenty-one chef of an artillery band
in Valencia. In 1817 he went to Madrid,
brought out several operas, and was made
baud master in the royal guards. In 1823
In went to Paris, and in is-jii to London,
where he taught singing. Works Ope-
ras : La aldeana, Madrid, about 1818 ; Le
diable a Seville, Opera Comique, Paris,
1831 ; Le reveuaut, ib., 1833 ; Le portefaix,
ib., 1835 ; Rock-le-Barbu, ib., 1830. L'iu-
veruo, quartet for voices, with orchestral
accompaniment, giveu at the Philharmonic
concerts, London ; Songs ; Boleros. Fetis ;
Larousse ; Mendel, iv. 297 ; do., Erganz,
130.

GOMOLKA, NICOLAS, born at Jas-
lowiec, Poland, died in Chorawla, March 5,
1609. Church composer, studied in Italy,
it is supposed under Palestrina. He wrote
music for the psalms translated into Polish
by Kochanowski, a celebrated poet (1580).
A copy of these psalms is preserved in the



library of the University of Cracow ; they
have been arranged in modern notation by
Zandmanu, and Sowinski gives five of them
in Les Musicieus polouais. Other works by
this composer perished, as printing was
then unknown, and there were few maitrises
or collections of musical works in the
churches of Poland. Fetis ; Sowiuski, Mus.
pol., 221 ; Mendel, iv. 299.

GONZALEZ Y EODEIGUEZ, JOSE
MARIA, born at Alcala, Spain, Feb. 5, 1822,
still living, 1889. Organist, pupil in Ma-
drid of Eoman Jimeno ; an organist at the
age of eighteen, and professor in 1844-67
in the Madrid Couservatorio. Works :
Masses ; Motets ; Litanies ; Organ music.
Fetis, Supplement, i. 400 ; Mendel, Er-
gauz., 130.

GOODGROOME, JOHN, born in Eng-
land about 1630, died, June 27, 1704. A
chorister of St. George's Chapel, Windsor,
he was appointed in 1660 gentleman of the
Chapel Royal, and in 1664 became musician
in ordinary to the king. Some of his songs
appeared in the Treasury of Music (1669).
Grove ; Hawkins, History, v. 18 ; Men-
del.

GOOD SHEPHERD, THE, cantata, mu-
sic by William Smyth Rockstro, composed
in 1885.

GOPFERT, KARL ANDREAS, born at
Riinpar, near Wiirzburg, Jan. 16, 1768,
died in Meiuingeu, April 11, 1818. After
studying the pianoforte, organ, and singing,
he took up the clarinet under Meissuer, and
in 1788 became first clarinetist in the court
orchestra of Meiuingen and soon after mu-
sic director of the military corps there. He
wrote an opera, Der Stern des Nordens,
songs, and much music for clarinet and
other wind instruments. Mendel ; Fetis ;
Schilling ; Riemauu.

GOPFERT, KARL GOTTLIEB, born at
Weesensteiu, near Dresden, in 1733, died
in Weimar, Oct. 3, 1798. Violin virtuoso,
pupil at the Kreuzschule and a choir-boy
in Dresden ; studied the violin while at
Leipsic University, and was influenced in



no



GOEDIGIANI



1704 in Frankfort-on-the-Main by Ditters-
dorf. After playing in concerts in Leipsic
in 1765-69, he remained in Berlin a year,
and settled in Weimar as chamber musi-
cian, becoming later orchestral director and
Conzertmeister. His best pupil was J. F.
Kranz. He published six polonaises for
violin. Mendel ; Schilling.

GORDIGIANI, GIOVANNI BATTISTA,
born in Mantua, Italy, in July, 1795, died
in Prague, March 2, 1871. Dramatic com-
poser, son and pupil of Antonio Gordigiani,
and pupil also at the Milan Conservatorio.
After serving in orchestras in Florence and
teaching in Katisbon he went in 1822 to
Prague, where he was maestro of the Coii-
servatorium until his death. Works : Pim-
maglione, opera, given in Prague, 1845 ;
Consuelo, opera, Prague, 1846 ; Church mu-
sic ; Canzonets ; 12 cavalry marches ; Songs,
etc. FOtis, iv. 58 ; do., Supplement, i. 401 ;
Mendel.

GORDIGIANI, LUIGI, born in Florence,
June 12, 1806, died there, April 30, 1860.
Dramatic composer, brother of the preced-
ing ; sometimes called the Italian Schubert.
After travelling and singing with his father
he studied the pianoforte iu Brescia with
Gara, in Rome with Sirletti, in Pisa with
Beuvenuti, and learned accompaniment un-
der Romani and composition under Ugolini.
At the age of thirteen he composed a can-
tata, II ratto d' Etruria, which he dedicated
to the Emperor of Austria. After the death
of his father, in 1820, he made a living by
writing pianoforte pieces, under such pseu-
donyms as Zeuuer and von Fiirstenberger.
He devoted himself next to dramatic com-
position and wrote several operas, some of
which were produced at different theatres
in Florence. But he is best known for his
Canti popolari and his Cauzouette for voice
and pianoforte, melodies of a sentimental
and usually a mournful cast, in the style of
or actually founded on old Italian national
tunes, and sometimes set to words of his
own. These, of which there are more than
three hundred, have been translated into



other languages. They were published iu
parts of eight or ten each, with characteris-
tic titles, such as : In cima al moute ; Le far-
falle cli Firenze ; Iu rival al Ariio ; Mosaico
Etrusco, etc. He published also a collec-
tion of Tuscan airs with accompaniment, in
three books. His romances : L' iimamo-
rata, L' esule, La gondoliera, La selva ; his
ariettas : L' amor tranquillo and La danza,
are perfect of their kind and have enjoyed
a wide celebrity. His stornelli are full of
a joyous originality, which also found vent
in his clever parodies of Norma, Parisiua,
Sonnambula, etc. Works Operas : Faus-
to, given at the Pergola, Florence, 1837 ;
Filippo, text by Prince Poniatowski, and
performed by him and his family, privately,
Florence, 1840 ; Gli Aragonesi in Napoli,
Pergola, ib., 1841 ; I ciarlataui, Teatro Leo-
poldo, Florence, 1843 ; Una vendetta corsa,
Florence, 1847 ; Un eredita in Corsica, ib.,
1847. Fetis, iv. 58 ; do., Supplement, i.
401 ; Grove ; Larousse.

GORIA, ALEXANDRE KDOUARD, born
in Paris, Jan. 21, 1823, died there, July 6,
1860. Pianist, pupil at the Conservatoire
in 1830-39, on the pianoforte of Laurent and
Zimmerman, and in harmony of Dourlen.
He won the 2d prize for pianoforte in 1834,
and the 1st prize in 1835. After leaving
the Conservatoire he taught the pianoforte
and composed for it about one hundred
pieces, such as caprices, nocturnes, solos de
concert, etc. One of his best compositions
is a fantaisie on Schubert's Des Madchen's
Klage. Fetis ; Larousse.

GOSS, Sir JOHN, born at Fareham,
Hants, England, December, 1800, died in
London, May 10, 1880. Organist, son of
Joseph Goss, organist of Fareham ; one of
the children of the Chapel Royal under John
Stafford Smith, in 1811, and subsequently a
pupil of Atwood. In 1824 he became or-
ganist of the new Church of St. Luke, Chel-
sea, and in 1838 he succeeded Atwood as
organist of St. Paul's Cathedral. He was
appointed one of the composers of the
Chapel Royal to succeed Knyvett in 1856 ;



171



(JOSSEC



was knighted in 1872, and resigned liis ap-
pointment at St. Paul's shortly afterwards.
Mus. Doc., Cambridge, 1876. Works An-
thems : If we believe that Jesus died (for
funeral of Duke of Wellington, Nov. 22,
1852) ; Bless the Lord, O my soul (bicen-
tenary festival of Sous of the Clergy) ; The
Lord is my strength, and a Te Deum (for
Thanksgiving in St. Paul's, Feb. 27, 1872,
for recovery of Prince of Wales) ; The Wil-
derness ; O give thanks unto the Lord ; Al-
mighty and merciful God ; Blessed is the
man ; Christ our Passover ; I heard a voice
from heaven ; And the king said to .all the
people ; etc. Church service in A ; Burial
service in E minor ; Cautate Domino and
Deus misereatur in C ; Magnificat and Nune
dimittis in E ; Overtures for orchestra ; Or-
gan music ; Glees and madrigals ; Songs,
etc. He published also Parochial Psalmody
(London, 1827) ; The Organist's Companion
(4 vols.) ; Introduction to Harmony and
Thorough-Bass (1833, many ed.) ; Chants,
ancient and modern (1841). Gi'ove ; Fctis ;
Brown.

GOSSEC, FRANCOIS JOSEPH (prop-
erly Gosse), born at
Vergnies in the Hai-
naut, Jan. 17, 173:5,
died at Passy, Feb.
1C, 1829. The sou
of a small farmer,
lie became in 1740
a choir-boy at the
Antwerp Cathedral,
where he remained
until 1748. In 1751
he went to Paris, where he became ac-
quainted witli Rumeau, and was appointed
by the fermier-gcncral La Popeliniere to di-
rect his private orchestra. Under the eyes
of llameau, then at the height of his fame,
Gossec made his first appearance before the
Paris public. The low condition of instru-
mental music in France excited his am-
bition to lead it into higher paths, and he
may aptly be called the father of the sym-
phony in France. His first works iu this




form were published in 1754, five years be-
j fore Haydn wrote his first symphony. The
value of Gossec's symphonies was not appre-
ciated at first, but after several years his
vigorous harmony and orchestration found
approval in the ears of the public, and the
overtures of Lulli and llameau were found
to be dull and tame by comparison. When
Rarneau, in his old age, stopped writing for
the stage, Gossec entered the household of
the Prince de Couti as conductor of the
prince's orchestra, where he had much lei-
sure for composition. His first quartets ap-
peared iu 1759, and his Requiem (probably
his most famous work) was given with over-
whelming success, and published in 17GO.
In 17l!4 his first opera, Le Faux Lord, was
given at the Comedie Italieune. His Les
Pocheurs was given on April 8, 17GG, and
ran for nearly the remainder of the year.
In 1770 Gossec founded the Concert des
Amateurs, the orchestra being conducted
by the famous Chevalier de Saint-Georges.
This, the first impulse given to fine orches-
tral playing in France, is to be ascribed
mainly to Gossec. But his greatest servica
to the cause of music in France was his
founding of the cole Iloyale de Chant (the
first beginning of the Conservatoire), iu
1784. When the Conservatoire itself was
founded, in 1795, Gossec was made one of
the inspectors. During the Revolution he
was conductor of the band of the Garde
Nationale, and wrote much music for the
public fetes. He was a member of the In-
stitut from its foundation (1795), and che-
valier of the Legion of Honour (1812). He
retired from his professorship at the Con-
servatoire in 1815, but continued to attend
the meetings of the Academic des Beaux-
Arts until 1823. Gossec was a man of great
talent, perseverance, insight, and enterprise
rather than a man of great genius. By hard
and intelligent work he raised himself from
a position of absolute obscurity to the rank
of a classic composer, and this, too, with
hardly any instruction. He enjoyed im-
mense popularity, but had the misfortune



11-2



GOSWIN



to see himself surpassed in almost every
department by his younger contemporaries.
Like most innovators who flourish at the
point of contact of two distinct periods in
art, he saw his original ideas laid hold of
and vastly improved upon by others. Thus
Haydn and Mozart far surpassed him in the
symphony and in sacred composition, as
( In' try and Gluck did on the stage. His
popularity, fully deserved as it was, was
thus destined to be but short-lived. There
is an oil portrait of him in the Conservatoire
library at Paris, besides which there is a
small engraving by Fro my (after Bran), and
a bust by Caillouete. A monument to his
memory was erected at Verguies in 1877.
Works Operas : 1. Le faux lord, Paris,
Theatre Italien, 1764 ; 2. Les pecheurs,
ib., 1766 ; 3. Le double deguisenient, ib.,
17G7 ; 4. Toinon et Toinette, ib., June 20,
17C>7 ; 5. Sabinus, Opera, Feb. 22, 1773 ;
6. Berthe (in collaboration with Philidor
and Botson), Brussels, Jan. 18, 1775 ; 7.
Alexis et Daphne, Paris, Opera, Sept. 26,

1775 ; 8. Phi/i'.mon et Baucis, ballet, ib.,
Sept. 26, 1775 ; 9. Hylas et Sylvie, ib.,

1776 ; 10. La fete de village, ib., May 26,
1778 ; 11. TJiesH-e, ib., Feb. 26, 1782 ; 12.
Choruses to Roche fort's "Electre," at court,
January, 1783 ; 13. Rosine, ou 1'epouse abau-
donnee, Opera, July 14, 1786 ; 14. Choruses
to Racine's " Athalie," Theatre Fram;ais,
1791 ; 15. L'offrande a la patrie, Opera,
Oct. 2, 1792 ; 16. Le camp de Grandpre, ou
le triomphe de la republique, ib., Jan. 27,
1793 ; 17. La reprise de Toulon, ib., 1796 ; 18.
Les sabots et le cerisier, Theatre des Jeunes
Sieves, Dec. 13, 1803 ; 19. Le Perigourdin,
at the palace of the Prince de Conti, (?) ;
20. Nitocris, unfinished. Oratorios: L'arche
d'alliance ; La Nativita ; Saiil. Church mu-
sic : Masses with orchestra ; Messe des niorts ;
Motets ; Te Deum ; O Salutaris. Music for
patriotic festivals : Chant du 14 juillet ;
Chant martial ; Hymne a I'Etre supreme ;
do. a la Nature ; do. a 1'Hutnanite ; do. a la
Liberte ; and several others. Serment re-
publicaiii ; Chosurs et chants pour 1'apothe-



ose de Voltaire ; do. do Rousseau ; etc. In-
strumental music : La chasse, and 25 other
symphonies for full orchestra ; 3 do. for
wind instruments ; Symphonie coucertauto
for eleven instruments ; Several overtures ;




6 serenades for violin, flute, horn, bassoon,
viola, and bass ; Quartets, trios, and duos
for strings. Pierre Hedouin, Gossec, sa vie,
etc. (Valenciennes, 1852) ; Notice by Edou-
ard Gregoire in ''La Federation" news-
paper (Brussels, Nov. 26, 1875) ; Charles
Piot, " Particularites inedites concernant les
oeuvres musicales de Gossec et Philidor,"
Bulletins de 1' Academic Royale de Belgique,
2d series (1872), xl. No. 1 (also printed sep-
arately in pamphlet form) ; Clement, Mus.
celebres, 137 ; Gregoir, Notice sur G. (1878) ;
Fetis ; do., Supplement, i. 403.

GOSWIN, ANTON (Antonius Gostuinus),
German composer of the latter part of the
16th century. He was in the royal chapel
in Munich ; then became Kapellmeister suc-
cessively to the Bishops of Liege, Hildes-
heim, and Freising, and finally to the Count
Palatine, Ernst bei Rhein. He composed
madrigals and sacred songs. Mendel ; Fe-
tis ; Allgem. d. Biogr.

GOTT, BEI DEINEM STARK EN
SCHTJTZEN, bass aria in G minor, with ac-
companiment of 2 oboes and continuo, in
Johanu Sebastian Bach's cantata for Dom.
IV. post Epiph., " War' Gott nicht rnit uns
diese Zeit ; " published separately, with ad-
ditional accompaniments by Robert Franz,
by F. Whistling, Leipsic, 1860.

GOTTERDAMMERUNG (Dusk of the
Gods), music drama in a prologue and three
acts, by Richard Wagner, first represented
at Bayreuth, Aug. 17, 1876. The fourth
and last drama in Der Ring des Nibelungen.
The original cast was as follows :



17.'!



GOTTERDAMMERUN*;



Siegfried (T.) Herr linger.

Gunther (Bar.) Herr Gura.

Hagen (B.) Herr von Eeichenberg.

Alberich (Bar.) Herr Hill.

Briinuhilde (S.). . .Frau Fried rich-Materna.

Gutrune (S.) Frl. Weckerlin.

Waltraute (S.) Frau Jaida.

Siegfried who, at the close of the third
drama, <S'(V;//V /W, has won Briinuhilde, leaves



m




Matecna, as Brunnhilde.

her on the heights of the BrUnnhildenstein,

giving her the King as a pledge of his
fidelity, and goes out in search of new ex-
ploits. Arriving at the dwelling of Gunther,
the Gibichung, he meets Gutrane, his sister,
and Hagen, his half-brother. Hageu is Al-
berich's son, and is bent upon regaining the
Ring, robbed from his father (Rfieinyold,
Scene 3). He prepares a potion which,



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