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the opera. Works: Cambise, Italian opera,
represented in Mannheim, Jan. 17, 1742.
Fetis; Mendel ; Allgem. d. Biogr., ix. 785.

GRUBER, FRANZ, born at Hochburg,
Upper Austria, Nov. 25, 1787, died in Hal-
lein, June 7, 1863. Organist in Arnsdorf,
Berndorf, and Hallein. He composed the
Christmas song, Stille Nacht, heilige Nacht,
long ascribed to Haydn. MendeL

GRUBER, FRANZ, born in Arnsdorf,
Nov. 27, 1826, died in Halleiu, April 27,
1871. Son and pupil of Franz Grubcr ;
studied also theory under Taux and the
violin under Shimmer. He was a school-
teacher in Mauterndorf, Salzburg, and Hal-
lein, and founded two musical societies in
the latter place. His compositions number
about sixty, and comprise church and piano-
forte music, overtures, and songs. Only six
of his works have been printed. Mendel.

GRUBER, GEORG WILHELM, born in
Nuremberg, Sept. 22, 1720, died there,
Sept, 22, 1796. Violinist, pupil on the
pianoforte and in composition of Dretzel
and Siebenkees, and on the violin of Hem-
merich. Before he was eighteen years old
he made a concert tour ; took lessons in
counterpoint in Dresden from Umstadt ;
and about 1750 entered the orchestra of
Nuremberg, where Ferrari's presence in-
fluenced him greatly. He succeeded Agrell
as Kapellmeister in 1765, and held also
honorary municipal offices. Works : Ora-



torios ; Churcli, chamber, and other instru-
mental music. Allgem. d. Biogr., x. 1 ;
Mendel ; Fetis.

GRUNBAUM, JOHANN CHRISTOPH,
born at Haslau, near Eger, Oct. 28, 1785,
died in Berlin, Jan. 10, 1870. He studied
music in a convent and in the choir of liat-
isbon Cathedral ; then became tenor in the
Ratisbon theatre in 1804, and in the Prague
theatre in 1807. Having married the
singer, Therese Miiller, in 1813, he went
with her to the court opera of Vienna in
1818, but settled in Berlin from 1832 as
teacher of singing and writer for music pub-
lishers. He wrote vocal music and trans-
lated many operas and songs. Mendel.

GRUNBERGER, LUDWIG, born in
Prague, April 24, 1839, still living, 1889.
Pianist, pupil of Franz Skraup and Josef
Kisch, then in Dresden of Rietz and Rei-
chel. Works : 2 symphonies ; Music to
l."\u's Kiudertraum (1885); Dithyrambe
by Schiller ; 2 string quartets ; Pianoforte
music, and songs.

GRUNBERGER, THEODOR, German
composer of the latter part of the 18th cen-
tury. He was a monk in a monastery in
Suabia, and composed masses and organ
music. Gerber ; Fetis ; Mendel.

GRUND, FRIEDRICH WILHELM, born
in Hamburg, Oct. 7, 1791, died there, Nov.
24, 1874. Pupil of his father, founded the
Singakademie in his native city in 1819,
and led the Philharmonic concerts in 1828-
62. He was popular as a teacher. Works :
Die Burg Falkensteiu, Mathilde, operas, not
performed ; Die Auferstehung und Him-
melfahrt Christi, cantata ; Mass for 8 voices
a cappella ; Symphonies ; Overtures ; Octet
for pianoforte and wind instruments ; Quin-
tet for do., op. 8 ; Quartet for pianoforte
and strings, op. 5 ; Sonatas for pianoforte,
violin, and violoncello, op. 9, 11, 13 ; do.,
for pianoforte, four hands, op. 10 ; Sona-
tinas for pianoforte, op. 14 ; Hymn by
Krummacher ; Six collections of songs.
Mendel, Ergiinz., 137 ; Rienmnn ; Fetis,
do., Supplement, i. 426.



200



GRUNEIi



GRUNEE, NATHANAEL GOTTFRIED,

lived in the latter part of the 18th century,
died in 1794 at Gera, where he was cantor
and music director. He seems also to have
lived at Lyons, as some of his music was pub-
lished there. Works : Dein Zion streut dir
Palmeu, cantata ; Psalms 8, '27, 51, 81, and
113 for chorus and orchestra ; Motets ;
About 15 chorals in form of cantatas, for
do. ; Concertos for pianoforte ; Six sonatas
for pianoforte, op. 1 (Leipsic, Breitkopf &
Hiirtel, 1781) ; Ten do., op. 2 (ib., 1783) ;
Four-part songs for church choirs and
schools, 1st and 2d book (Leipsic, Koll-
mann). Fetis ; Mendel.

GRUNEWALD, KARL HEINRICH,
singer and composer, lived in the first part
of the 18th century, died at Darmstadt in
1730. He was singing in the Hamburg
Theatre in 1703 ; was court singer in Ber-
lin about 1708 ; later he became Viceka-
pellmeister in Darmstadt. He is said to
have composed several operas, of which,
however, only one is still known : Germani-
cus, oder die gerettete Uuschuld, given suc-
cessfully in Hamburg, 1700. Gerber ;
Mendel ; Schilling.

GRUNFELD, ALFRED, born in Prague,
July 4, 1852, still liv-
ing, 1880. Pianist,
pupil of Julius Theo-
dore Hoger, and at
the Conservatorium
of Krejc'i, then in
Berlin at Kullak's
Academy ; in 1837 he
settled in Vienna,
where he at once
made for himself a
prominent position as a concert player, and
whence he has undertaken successful eon-
cert tours abroad, especially in 1883 to St.
Petersburg and Moscow. As a composer
he is known by songs and pianoforte music.
Mus. Wochenblatt, xiv. 343.

GRUTSCH, FRANZ SERAPH, born in
Vienna, Oct. 24, 1800, died there, April 5,
18G7. Violinist, pupil of the Blumeuthal





brothers on the violin and in harmony. In
1815 he was violinist in the orchestra of the
united theatres of Presburg and Baden, and
in 1816 of a Vienna theatre. In 1830 he be-
came second director of the Kurntnerthor
Theater, and in 1831 member of the im-
perial chapel. Works : Der Nachtwiichter,
opera, Vienna, 1835 ; Der Liebhaber als
Contrebande, do., ib., 1838 ; 2 masses ;
Graduale and offertory ; Duos, trios, and
quartets for violin ; Vocal quartets ; Songs.
Wurzbacli ; Mendel ; Schilling ; Fi'tis.

GRUTZMACHER, FRIEDRICH (WIL-
HELM LUDWIG),
born in Dessau, March
1, 1832, still living,
1880. Violoncellist, pu-
pil of his father, of
Drechsler on the vio-
loncello, and of F.
Schneider in theory.
He went to Leipsic in
1848, attracted the at-
tention of David, and in 1849 became first
violoncellist of the Gewaudhaus orchestra,
and teacher in the Conservatorium. In
I860 he was appointed chamber virtuoso in
Dresden ; he has made many concert tours
and formed many distinguished pupils.
Works : Concertos for violoncello and or-
chestra ; Variations, for do. ; Music and ex-
ercises for violoncello ; Chamber and or-
chestral music ; Pianoforte pieces ; Songs.
He has published also many editions of
standard works. His brother, Leopold
Griitzmacher (born at Dessau, Sept. 4,
1835), is a violoncellist virtuoso at Weimar,
and a composer for his instrument. Men-
del ; Grove ; Riemann, 346 ; Fetis, Supple-
ment, i. 427 ; Mus. Wochenblatt, i. 599.

GUAITOLI, FRANCESCO MARIA, born
at Carpi in 15G3, died there, Jan. 3, 1628.
Church composer, canon and maestro di
cappella of the cathedral of his native place,
also of the confraternity of San Rocco from
1602. Works: Salmi per vespri a 5 voci
(Venice, 1604) ; Libro primo di madrigali
(ib., 1600) ; Canzonette a tre e quattro voci



201






(JI'AMI



(ib., 1GOG) ; Psalmi ad tertiam qninis voci-
bus, etc. (ib., 1618) ; Messe e Motetti a otto
voei, 1st and 2d book (ib., 1G1S). Fetis ;
Mendel.

GUAMI, GIUSEPPE, born in Lucca,
about 1540, died in 1626. Organist of the
royal chapel at Munich in 1575, second or-
ganist of S. Marco, Venice, in 1588, and or-
ganist to the cathedral of Lucca in 1591.
He was celebrated also as a violinist.
Works : Madrigals and motets ; Church
music, found in the collections of the time.
Fetis, iv. 127 ; Supplement, i. 427 ; Bur-
ney, Hist. Music, iii. 545 ; Mendel, iv.
428 ; do., Ergiinz., 1ST.

GUAEANY, IL, Italian opera serin, in four
acts, text by Scalvini, music by Carlos Go-
mez, first represented at La Scala, Milan,
March lit, 1870. Spanish adventurers sur-
round with snares a noble Portuguese,
whose daughter and treasures they intend
to carry off. An Indian chief of the tribe
of the Guarany, protects the family and tri-
umphs over the filibusters. The work,
which was interpreted by Mine Marie Sass,
Maurel, and Villani, was fairly successful.
It was given soon after in Rome, and at
Covent Garden, London, July 13, 187:2.

GUAZZONI, FEDERIGO, born near
Milan in the 18th century, died in Rome in
1787. He studied music in Naples ; was
maestro di cappella in several small Ital-
ian cities, and finally in Rome in 1770. Of
his masses, offertories, litanies, etc., some
are still in use in Italy. His operas are for-
gotten. Mendel ; Schilling, Supplement,
176.

GUDRUN, opera, in three acts, text and
music by Felix Draseke, first given in Han-
over, Nov. 5, 1884. Great success. Pub-
lished by Kistner (Leipsic, 1884). Same ti-
tle, by Amand Mangold, Darmstadt, 1851 ;
August Reissmann, Leipsic, 1871 ; August
Klughardt, Neustrelitz, 1882, Leipsic, 1884.

GUEDRON, PIERRE, born in Paris,
about 1565, died (?). He was a singer in
the King's music from 1590 and succeeded
Claude Lejeune as composer to the king. J



Under Louis XIII. he was superintendent of
church music and wrote many of the court
ballets. He was also a favorite composer
of chansons for one voice, which began to
take the place of those for three, four, or
more voices, iu the reign of Henri IV. Fe-
tis ; Larousse ; Mendel.

GUEIT, MARIUS, born in Paris, about
1810, still living, 1889 (?). Blind organist
and composer, whose improvisations on the
organ were remarkable ; was also a finished
violoncellist, pupil of Benazet. Organist of
the Church of Saint-Paterae, Orleans, 1831-
1SK), of Saint-Denis au Marais, Paris, 1841.
Works : L'indicateur de 1'organiste, 60
pieces for anthems, Kyrie, Gloria, etc. ; 12
pieces for the organ ; 3 offertories for do.,
op. 25 ; Fantaisies, divertissement, romances,
serenades, etc., for organ and harmonium ;
Motets for several voices, and organ ; Can-
ticles ; Method for the organ. Fetis ; Men-
del.

GUENEE, LUC, born at Cadiz, Aug. 19,
1781, died in Paris, in 1847. Dramatic com-
poser, pupil at the Paris Conservatoire under
Gavinies and Rode, and later of Mazas and
Reicha. He entered in 1829 the orchestra of
the Opera, of which he was a member twenty-
five years. He was also chef d'orchestre
at the Palais Royal Theatre. Works Op-
eras : La chambre a coucher, Paris, Opera-
Comique, 1813 ; La comtesse de Troun,
ib., 1816 ; Une visite a la campagne, Gym-
nase Dramatique ; Concerto for violin and
orchestra ; Trios for 2 violins and bass, op.
5 ; Three duos conccrtants for violins, op.
1 ; Three do., op. 2 ; Six caprices for violin,
with bass ; Three quartets for strings, op.
4. Fetis ; Mendel.

GUENIN, MARIE ALEXAXDRE, born
at Maubeuge (Nord), Feb. 20, 1744, died in
Paris in 1819. Violinist, pupil of Capron
on the violin and of Gossec in composition.
He played a concerto of his own at the Con-
certs Spirituelsin 1775 ; wasintendant of the
Prince de Conde's music in 1777 ; member
of the royal chapel in 1778, and solo violin
at the Opera in 1780-1800. In 1810-14 he



20-J



GUERCIA



was second violiu to Charles IV. of Spain. (
Works : 14; symphonies ; G string quartets ;
18 violin duets ; sonatas for two violins ;
3 sonatas for pianoforte and violin ; 3 vio-
loncello duets. Fetis ; Mendel ; Rieinauu ;
Wasielewski, Die Violine, 251.

GUEECIA, ALFONSO, born in Naples,
Nov. 13, 1831, still living, 1889. Composer,
professor of singing at the Naples Conserva-
torio. His opera, Rita, was represented in
Naples, Dec. 11, 1875. He is the author also
of many songs, and of a theoretical work,
L' Arte del canto italiano. Fetis, Supple-
ment, i. 428 ; Mendel, Ergiiuz., 137.

GUE'RIN, EMMANUEL, born in Ver-
sailles in 1779, died (?). Violoncellist, pupil
at the Paris Conservatoire of Levasseur. He
was a member of the orchestra at the Thea-
tre Feydeau in 1799-1824. Works : Sona-
tas, duets, and variations for the violoncello.
Fetis ; Kiemauu.

GUERRA, GUERRA. See Norma.

GUERRERO (Guerreiro), FRANCISCO,
born at Beja, Portugal, in 1528, died at
Seville, Jan. 15, 1000. Church composer,
pupil of his elder brother, Pedro, a pro-
fessor of music, and later of Morales. In
1546 lie became maestro de capilla of the
Cathedral of Jaen, and in 1550 a singer in
the Cathedral of Seville, where he was asso-
ciated ^Yith and finally succeeded Fernandez
as maestro. In 1588 he undertook a jour-
ney to Jerusalem, passing through Italy,
where he left with Zarlino his compositions
for revision. Some of his earlier composi-
tions had been already published in Paris,
Louvain, and Rome, which would seem to
imply that he had previously visited those
cities. His works are known throughout
Spain, in every cathedral town, but are ex-
tremely rare in the rest of Europe. His
most important works were published un-
der the title, Liber primus Missarum, F.
Guerrero, Hispalensis Odei phonasco au-
thore (Paris, 1566) ; this contains 4 masses
in 5 parts and 5 in 4 parts, and some mo-
tets in 5, 6, and 8 parts. This work and a
collection of Magnificats, printed at Lou-



vain in 15G3, are now in the Vienna library.
Eslava's Lira sacro-hispana has the Passion
according to St. Matthew, for 4 voices, for
Palm Sunday, and that according to St.
John, 5 voices, for Good Friday ; also 3
motets for 5 voices and a 4-part mass, Si-
mile est regntim ccelorum. His Psalmo-
rum quat. voc., etc., Missarum defuuctorum
(Rome, 1559), and Priino lib. di salmi (ib.,
1584), are in the same work. Besides these,
II secoudo libro di messe (Rome, 1584), and
Libro di motetti a quattro, etc. (Venice),
are given in Fotis' list. Fetis, iv. 136 ;
Supplement, i. 429 ; Mendel.

GUEST, GEORGE, born at Bury St. Ed-
mund's, England, in 1771, died at Wisbeach,
Cambridgeshire, Sept. 10, 1831. Organist,
son and pupil of Ralph Guest ; chorister in
the Chapel Royal under Dr. Nares and Dr.
Ayrton, organist at Eye, Suffolk, in 1787-
89, then at Wisbeach until his decease.
Works : Anthems ; Hymns ; Glees ; Duets ;
Organ music ; Military baud music. Grove ;
Fetis ; Mendel.

GUEST, RALPH, born at Basely, Shrop-
shire, England, in 1742, died at Bury St.
Edmund's, June, 1830. Organist, member
of the Portland Chapel choir, London, 1763 ;
pupil in organ playing at Bury St. Edmund's
of Ford, organist of St. James's Church ;
choir-master and organist of St. Mary's,
Bury St. Edmund's, in 1805-22. He pub-
lished " The Psalms of David," a collection
of old psalm tunes with about sixty new
ones, and a supplement, "Hymns and
Psalms," with music composed and adapt-
ed by himself. He was author of many
popular songs. Grove ; Fetis ; Mendel.

GUGL, MATTHAUS, lived in the first
part of the 18th century. Organist of the
cathedral in Salzburg, composed music of
great popularity at the time, and wrote an
instruction book. Mendel ; Schilling ; Fetis.

GUGLIELMI, PIETRO, born at Massa-
Carrara, Italy, May, 1727, died in Rome,
Nov. 19, 1804. Dramatic composer, sou
and pupil of an accomplished musician who
was maestro di cappella to the Duke of



GUGLIELMI

Moclena ; pupil at the Conservatorio of San Feb. 28, 1817. Dramatic composer, son of
Loreto, Naples, of Dili-ante. Oil leaving Pietro Guglielmi ; pupil at the Conserva-
the Conservatorio, be made a tour through torio of Loreto, Naples. He produced his
Italy and brought out -his first opera in first opera in Naples when only twenty
Turin, in 1755. From that time the priu- years old. After visiting several Italian
cipal cities of Italy disputed the privi- cities as a composer, and London in 1810,
lege of producing his operas, of which he he became maestro di cappella to the arch-
wrote nearly two hundred. In 17(i2 he duchess Beatrice of Massa-Carrara. Works



went to Venice, soon after to Dresden and
Brunswick, and in 1772 to London, where
he was not very successful, as Piccinni



Operas : Asteria e Teseo, Naples, about
1783 ; La fiera, ib., about 1785 ; II nau-
fragio fortunate, ib., about 1787 ; L' equivo-



was then the reigning favourite. When he co degli sposi, ib., about 1789 ; La serva
returned to Naples after an absence of ' bizzarra, ib., about 1790; L' erede di Bel
fifteen years, he found that Cimarosa and j Prato, about 1799 ; L' isola di Calipso,
I'.iisk-llo had taken his place iu popular Milan, 1813 ; La persuasions corretta, Na-
favour ; but, notwithstanding the efforts pies, about 1814 ; Ernesto e Palmira, Italy,



made by their followers, he eventually di-



about 1814 ; La moglie giudice del marito,



vidcd the favours of the Neapolitan public Naples, about 1815 ; Romeo e Giulietta,
with them. The three subsequently formed about 181G. Fetis ; Mendel.
themselves into a mutual protective society' GUHR, FRIEDRICH HEINRICH
to keep out intruders, and agreed upon a FLORIAN, born at Militsch, Prussian Sile-
rommoii price of six hundred ducats for sia, April 17, 1791, died (?). Pupil of his



each opera that they should produce. Gu-



father ; was in the orchestra of the Count



glielnu finally gave up dramatic composi- von Maltzahu in his native town in 1807-10 ;
tiou, and in 1793 accepted the position of then continued his studies at the seminary
maestro at the Vatican, and composed in Breslau. On his return he assisted his
church music. Most of his operas are for- father as cantor, and later succeeded him
gotten, but those that remain are worthy of in that position. He composed some songs,
a place in the history of music. Some of his and wrote an elementary book on music,
opere buffe are still played iu Italy. Priu- ' Fetis ; Mendel.

cipal works : I viaggiatori ridicoli (1772) ; GUHR, KARL FRIEDRICH WIL-
La serva innamorata (1778) ; La bella pesca- HELM, born at Militsch, Prussian Silesia,
trice (1779) ; I fratelli Pappa Mosca (Milan, Oct. 30, 1787, died in Frankfort-on-the-
1783) ; La pastorella nobile (1783) ; La Di- Main, July 22, 1848. Pianist and violinist,
done (Venice, 1785) ; Enea e Laviuia (Na- ' son and pupil of Karl Christoph Guhr, and
pies, 1785) ; I due gemelli (Rome, 1787). pupil of Faust, Jauitschek, Berner, W<">lfl,
His church compositions are mostly ora- Schnabel, and Vogler. At fourteen he had
torios, La morte d' Abele ; Betulia liberata ; been a member of Count von Maltzahn's
La distruzione di Gerusalemme ; Debora orchestra in Militsch, and after finishing
c Sisera, considered his masterpiece by his studies he joined it again in 1804. In
/ingarelli, written for the Vatican in 1794 ; 1807 he became chamber musician in Wiirz-
Le lagrime di San Pietro ; besides masses, burg, soon after musical director of the
motets, etc. Futis ; Grove ; Mendel ; Rie- Nuremberg theatre, and iu 1813 of Wies-
inann ; Schilling ; Hogarth, Hist, of Mus. baden. He went to Cassel as Hofkapell-
Drama, 160 ; Burney, Hist, of Music, iv. meister. and in 1821 as director of music at
493. l'Yankfort-ou-the-Main. Works Operas :

GUGLIELMI, PIETRO CARLO, born Feodora, Die Vestaliu, Cassel, 1814 ; Deo-
in Naples in 17G3, died in Massa-Carrara, data, ib., 1815 ; K<"mig Sieguiar, ib., 1819 ;

204



GUICHARI)



Aladdin, oder die Wunderlampe, Frankfort,
1830 ; A mass ; A symphony ; Pianoforte
rondo for four bands ; Sonata for piano-
forte ; Violin concerto ; etc. He wrote also :
" Paganini's Kuust die Violine zu spieleu "
(Mainz, 1831). Gollmick, Carl Guhr, Nek-
rolog. (Frankfort-ou-the-Main, 1848) ; Men-
del ; Futis ; Rielil, Mas. Charakterkupfe,
iii. 18!) ; Dubourg, The Violin, 245.

GUICHAKD, Abbe FRANgOIS, born
at Mans, France, Aug. 26, 1745, died in
Paris, Feb. 24, 1807. He was counter-
tenor and later sous-maitre at Notre Dame,



Paris.



During the Revolution be taught



the guitar and published music for that in-
strument. He published Essais de Psalmo-
die, containing Magnificats (1783). His
chansons were popular. Fetis ; Mendel.

GUIDO ET GINEVRA, ou la peste de
Florence (The Plague of Florence), opera
in five acts, text by Scribe, music by Haluvy,
represented at the Aeademie Royale de Mu-
sique, Paris, March 9, 1838. The libretto
is founded on an episode in Delecluze's
"Histoire de Florence." Ginevra, daughter
of Cosmo de' Medici, falls in a swoon during
the celebration of her marriage with the
Duke of Ferrara. Believed to be a victim
of the plague then prevailing, she is en-
tombed, but, as in Romeo and Juliet,
awakes and escapes from the vault. Re-
pulsed everywhere in the terrified and al-
most deserted city, she is received into the
house of Guido, a young sculptor who had
long loved her. Cosmo de' Medici at last
finds his daughter and consents to her mar-
riage with Guido. Although the work con-
tains many musical gems, its lugubrious
plot interfered with, its success. It was
revived, however, in four acts, Oct. 23,
1840.

GUIGNON, JEAN PIERRE, born in
Turin, Feb. 10, 1702, died in Versailles,
Jan. 30, 1775. Violinist, the last " Roi des
Violons et des Munetriers." At first a vio-
loncellist in Paris, he relinquished that in-
strument for the violin, on which he is said
to have rivalled Leclair. He entered the




king's service in 1733, was appointed teach-
er to the dauphin, and in 1741 had revived
in his favor the extinct title of Roi des vio-
ons ; but his at-
tempt to levy taxes
on other musicians
led to an acrimoni-
lous dispute and to
the revocation of his
powers in 1750,
though he did not
resign the title until
1773. He was an
excellent orchestra

leader, and published several books of Con-
certos, Sonatas, Duos, etc. Fetis ; Grove ;
Fayolle, Hist, du Violon ; Dubourg, The
Violin, 189.

GUILLAUME DE MACHAU (de Ma-
chaut, Guillermus de Mascandio, Guiglielmo
di Fraucia), born at Machau, Champagne,
about 1284, died after 1370. He was in
the service of Jeanne de Navarre, wife of
Philippe le Bel, and in 1307-14 was valet
to that king. After that he was clerk to
Jean de Luxembourg, King of Bohemia,
where he lived thirty years, returning to
France after the death of his master at
Crccy in 1346. He then entered the ser-
vice of the Duchess of Normandy, was sec-
retary to the Duke Jean le Bon, afterwards
King of France, and served his successor
Charles V. in the same capacity. His com-
positions consist of motets, ballads, rou-
deaux, and a mass said to have been used
at the coronation of Charles V., preserved
in the MS. collections in the National Li-
brary, Paris. His masses and motets were
long used as models. One of his poems gives
a curious account of the musical instru-
ments in use at that time. Fetis ; La-
rousse ; Mendel.

GUILLAUME TELL, lyrical drama in
three acts, text by Sedaine, music by Gretry,
first represented at the Italiens, Paris, April
9, 1791. The subject, which had previously
been treated musically by Lemiere, was be-
yond the composer's range. The opera was



205



GUILLAT'MK



reinstrumented by Berton and Rifaut in
1828.

GUTLLAUME TELL, grand opera, in
three acts, text by tienue Jouy, Hippolyte
Bis, and Armand Marast, music by Rossini,




prez, as Arnold.



first, represented at the Academic Royale de
Musique, Paris, Aug. 3, 1829. Thecoiii]>s-
er's thirty-seventh and last opera, and his
masterpiece. The libretto, derived from
Schiller's drama, " Wilhelm Tell " (1804), was
written originally in five acts by Jouy, but,
proving unsatisfactory, was largely rewritten
by Bis, and lastly worked over by Marast,
to whom belongs the conspiracy scene, the
best in the opera. In 1831 the third act
was omitted and the fourth and fifth acts
were condensed into one, and the opera is
now played everywhere in its three-act
form ; but in 185(J it was performed entire
in Paris, and lasted from seven until one
o'clock. An English version, entitled Hofer,
the Tell of the Tyrol, text by Blanche, mu-
sic arranged by Bishop, was given in Lon-
don, at Drury Lane, May 1, 1830 ; it was



given also as Guillaume Tell, at the same
house, Dec. 3, 1838 ; and an Italian version,
Guglielmo Tell, was produced at Her Maj-
esty's, July 11, 1839. The scene is laid
in Switzerland in the thirteenth century.
' Original cast iu Paris, 1829 :

Arnold M. Adolphe Nourrit.

Walter M. Levasseur.

Tell M. Dabadie.

Ruodi M. A. Dupont.

Rodolphe M. Massol.

Gessler M. Provost.

Leuthokl M. Pn'vot.

Jemmy Mme Dabadie.

Mathilde Mine Cinti-Damoreau.

Hedwige Mile Mori.

Each of these roles has since been filled by
famous singers, among whom Gilbert Du-
prez (born in 1800), has been among the
most noted. His novel and stirring reading
of the part of Arnold contributed greatly to
the success of the opera on its revival in
1837 at the Opera. The plot is briefly as
follows : One of the followers of Gessler,
Austrian bailiff' in Kussuacht, having at-
tempted an outrage upon the daughter of
the herdsman Leuthokl, is slain by the fa-
ther, who flies for refuge to Tell and is pro-
tected by him. This excites the rage of
Gessler, and Melchtal, the father of Arnold,
is accused of inciting people to insurrection
and put to death. Arnold, enamoured of Ma-



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