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thilde, Gessler's daughter, has long vacillated
between love and duty, but now renounces
his love and devotes himself to avenging
his father's death. He joins Tell in the
mountains, where the second act closes
with the grand conspiracy scene, the secret
banding together of the cantons under the
leadership of Tell, who promises to lead
them to victory or death. In the third act
(lesslor, to discover who is and who is not
loyal, commands everybody to do homage
to his hat, which he places upon a pole in
the public square at Altorf. Tell refus-
ing, he is ordered to shoot an apple from his
sou's head. When about to retire after ac-



206



GUILLON



complislring this feat, Gessler demands of
him why he had concealed another arrow
under his cloak. Tell defiantly answers
that it was intended for him in case he had
slain his son. On this he is thrown into
prison. Mathilde, outraged by her father's
cruel acts, deserts him and joins the pa-
triots with the purpose of procuring Toll's
rescue ; but she is anticipated by Arnold.
Gessler is slain, Tell returns in triumph to
his family, and Arnold and Mathilde are
united. The overture is Rossini's master-
piece in this form. Among the noteworthy
numbers in the opera are, in the first act,
the quartet between Tell, Hedwige, Jemmy,
and a fisherman, " Accours dans ma nacelle, 1 '
and the recitative of Arnold, " Le mien,
dit-il." In the second act are the romance
by Mathilde, "Sombre foret," the passion-
ate duet between Mathilde and Arnold,
" Oui, vous 1'arrachez a mou ame," the trio,
"Tu n'etais pas seul en ces lieux," and the
fine chorus at the gathering of the Cantons.
The third act contains the air of Tell, in the
famous scene of the shooting of the apple,
" Sois immobile," and a passionate aria by
Aruold, "Asile hereditaire." Clement and
Larousse, 331 ; Hanslick, Moderne Oper,
118 ; Upton, Standard Operas, 202.

GUILLON, ALBERT, born at Meaux
(Seine-et-Marne), France, in 1801, died in
Venice, April, 1854. Dramatic composer ;
made his first musical studies at the Cathedral
of Paris, then at the Conservatoire pupil of
Fetis and of Bertou ; won the prix de Rome
in 1825 with his cantata Ariaue a Naxos,
and lived several years in Rome, whence he
sent some sacred compositions to the In-
stitut de France. He then went to Venice,
and in 1830 wrote for the Teatro della Fen-
ice his opera Maria di Brabante, which was
well received. Patronized by a noble family,
who intrusted him with the administration
of their estates, he abandoned music, and
devoted himself to agriculture. Fetis.

GUILLOU, JOSEPH, born in Paris in
178G, died at St. Petersburg, September,
1853. Virtuoso on the flute, pupil at the



Conservatoire of Devieune and of Wunder-
lich ; won the second prize in 1798, and the
first in 1808, but had to wait until 1815 be-
fore obtaining a position as second flute
in the orchestra of the Opera, and in the
royal chapel. In 1S1G he became professor
at the Conservatoire, and in 1830 started
on a concert tour through Belgium, Ger-
many, Sweden, etc., and settled at St.
Petersburg. Works : 2 concertos for flute
and orchestra ; Concertino ; Themes varies
for do. ; Themes for flute and quartet ;
Duos, fantaisies, etc. Fetis ; Mendel.

GUILMANT, FELIX ALEXANDRE,
born at Boulogne, France, March 12, 1837,
still living, 1889. Organist, son and pupil
of the organist of the Church of Saint-
Nicolas, Boulogne ; pupil of Gustave Ca-
rulli, and later (1860) of Lemnieus. In
1S57 he became organist of the church of
Saint-Joseph, Boulogne, and maitre de cha-
pelle of Saint-Nicolas, and soon after pro-
fessor of solfege in the Ecole Communale.
He was also director and organizer of the
Boulogne Societe Orpheouique and a mem-
ber of the Societe Philharmonique. In 1871
he removed to Paris, where he became or-
ganist of the Church of La Trinite, a posi-
tion which he still occupies. He has made
concert tours in England, Italy, and Russia.
Guilmant is one of the best organists of
modern times, and is unexcelled for bril-
liancy of execution. Works : 4 masses with
orchestra or organ ; Motets for 4 voices,
with do. ; 12 motets for 1-4 voices, with oi - -
gan ; Echos du mois de Marie, canticles ;
Quarn dilecta (83d psalm), for soli and
chorus, with organ, op. 8 ; Sonatas for or-
gan ; Symphony for do., and orchestra ;
Many other pieces for organ ; L'organiste
pratique. Fetis, Supplement, i. 435 ; Men-
del, Ergiiuz., 138 ; Riemann.

GUIMET, EMILE, born in Lyons, France,
in 1836, still living, 1889. Pianist, pupil of
Debillemont, Lindau, and Luigini. The son
of a wealthy chemical manufacturer, he has
given much attention as an amateur to music.
He has been at the head of the great musical



S07



GUIRAUD



societies of Lyons, and is a member of the
Academy. Works : L'oauf blanc et 1'ceuf |
rouge, ballet, Lyons, Grand Theatre, 1867 ;
Le feu du ciel, oratorio, London, 1872,
Paris, 1873. He published a collection of
melodies and pianoforte pieces (1859), be-
sides several orpheonic choruses. Fetis,
Supplement, i. 4I!5.

GUIRAUD, ERNEST, born, of Frenel,
pai-ents, in New Orleans, Louisiana, June 23,
1837, still living, 1889. Dramatic composer,
son and pupil of Jean Baptiste Guiraiul. \\ ho
won in 1827 the grand prix de Rome. He
visited Paris at the age of twelve and on his
return to New Orleans brought out an opera
Le roi David. Soon after he went again to
Paris, and studied, at the Conservatoire, the
pianoforte under Marmoutel (2.1 pri/c,
1857 ; 1st prize, 1858), harmony under
Barbereau, and composition under H:il<\\ .
grand prix de Rome, 1S59, for his cantata,
Bajazet et le joueur de flute. Was in Rome
1860-G3, served during the war of 1S70-71,
and when it was ended played at the Concerts
Populaircs, bringing out at one of them in
ls~'_' a suite for orchestra which secured
him a recognized position among the leaders
of the French school of composers. Ap-
pointed professor of harmony and accom-
paniment at the Conservatoire in 1S7G.
Works Operas : Sylvie, Paris. Opera Co-
mique, 18G4 ; En prison, Theatre Lyrique,
1809; Le Kobold, Opera Comique, 1*70;
Madame Turlupiu, Theatre de 1'Atlieiu'r,
1872 ; Gretua-Green, ballet, Opera, 1873 ;
Piccolino, Opera Comique, 1876 ; La galante
aventure, ib., 18*2 ; (Hi avventurieri, opera
buffa ; Messe soleunelle ; Concert overture,
etc. Fetis, Supplement, i. 437 ; Riemann.

GULJSTAN, OU LE HULLA DE SAM-
ARC ANDE, opera- cornique in three acts, !
text by La Chabeaussiere, music by Dalay-
rac, first represented at the Opera Comique, I
Paris, Sept. 20, 1805. The subject is from
the " Arabian Nights."

GULNARE, OU L'ESCLAVE PER-
SANE, opera-eomique in one act, text by
Marsollier, music by Dalayrac, first repre-




sented at the Opera Comique, Paris, Jan. 9,
1798. Same title, German opera by Siiss-
mayer, represented in Vienna in 1800. Ital-
ian operas by Libani, Rome, 1869, and Flor-
ence, 1870. and by Guarneri, Genoa, 1877.
GUMBEKT, FERDINAND, born in Ber-
lin, April 21, 1818, still
living, 1889. Dramatic
composer ; studied first
the violin, then sing-
ing under Fischer and
composition under Clii-
pius. Destined to be
a bookseller, he pre-
ferred the stage, and
secured a theatrical en-
gagement at Sonders-
hausen in 1839, and another as baritone
in Cologne in 1840-42. Then, taking
Kreutzer's advice, he settled in his native
< i: is a teacher and composer. His songs
are very popular. Works Operettas : Die
schi'ine Schustorin, given in Berlin, 1844 ;
l>ir Kunst geliebt zu werdeu, 1850; Der
Urine Ziegenhirt, 1854; Bis der Rechte
kommt, 185i! ; Karolina, and others ; More
than 400 songs. He has published also
German translations of songs, and of Offen-
bach's and other French operas ; articles for
musical journals, and the book, Musik, Ge-
lesenes uud Gesammeltes (Berlin, I860).
M. ndel ; Riemann; Fetis, iv. 161 ; Sup-
plement, i. 43S.

ClMl'llLTXHAIMER, ADAM, born at
Trostberg, Bava-
ria, in 1559, died
in Augsburg,
1625. Church
composer, pupil
in Augsburg of
the monk Jodo-
cus Euzmiiller ;
in 1575 he en-
tered the service
of the Duke of
Wiirtemberg ; in 1581 he became cantor
in Augsburg. His church music is of a
high order. Works : Erster Tlieil des Lust-




208



GUNG'L



gi'trtleins teutscli uucl lateiuischer Lieder
vou 3 Stimmeu (Augsburg, 1591) ; Zwei-
ter Theil (ib., 1G11) ; Erster des Wiirtzgart-
leius 4-stimmiger geistliclier Lieder (ib.,
1594) ; Zweiter Theil, do. (ib., 1619) ; Psal-
mus 1. octo vocum (ib., 1604) ; Partitio sa-
crorum concentuuin, etc. (ib., 1614) ; Pars
ii., do. (ib., 1619) ; Zelm geistliche Lieder
init 4 stimruen ; Fiinf do.; Newe teutscbe
geistliche Lieder (ib., 1591-92) ; Motets.
He also rearranged and edited the famous
Compendium musicpe of Heiurich Faber,
under the title, Compendium musicse pro
illius artis tironibus, etc. (Augsburg, 1591-
1675, 12 editions). Allgem. d. Biogr., x.
119 ; Fetis ; Mendel ; Riemami ; Ambros,
iii. 559 ; Mouatshefte f Cir Musikgeschichte
(1870), 27 ; (1872), 51, 122 ; Winterfeld, Der
evang. Kirchengesang, i. 498.

GUNG'L, JOSEPH, born at Zsarubc-k,
Hungary, Dec. 1,
1810, died at Wei-
mar, Jan. 31, 1889.
Bandmaster, p u -
pil of Semaiin. He
entered the Aus-
trian army as an
oboist, and soon
became baud-
niaster. With his
baud gave concerts
in the German cit-
ies until 1843, when he collected an orches-
tra of his own in Berlin. In 1849 he took
this orchestra to the United States, but was
not very successful. He was appointed
royal Prussian musical director in 1850,
Kapellmeister to an Austrian infantry regi-
ment in 1858 ; settled in Munich in 1864,
and moved to Fraukfort-ou-the-Muiu in
1876. With his orchestra he has visited
almost all the larger cities of Europe, and
played chiefly light music of his own com-
position. His dances have been almost as
popular as those of Strauss. Works : Hun-
garian march, op. 1, and other marches and
dances, numbering altogether more than
300 pieces. His nephew, Johauu Guug'l




(born, 1828, died in 1883), was also a fa-
vourite composer of dance music, gave con-
certs in Berlin, 1843-45, and St. Peters-
burg, 1845-54, and retired to Fiiufkircheu,
Hungary, in 1862. Mendel ; Futis ; Rie-
mauu, 351.

GUELITT, CORNELIUS, born at Al-
toua in 1820, still living there, 1889. Dra-
matic composer, pupil of Eeiuecke the el-
der ; professor at the Couservatorium, Ham-
burg ; was appointed royal music director
in 1874. Works : Scheik Hassan, opera ;
Die romische Mauer, operetta ; Rafael San-
zio, do. ; Quartet for strings ; 3 sonatas
for violin ; Sonata for violoncello ; 2 sona-
tinas for do. ; Sonatas for pianoforte ; In-
structive pieces for do.; Songs and duets.
Riemann ; Mendel.

GURRLICH, JOSEPH AUGUSTIN, born
at Miinsterberg, Silesia, in 1761, died in
Berlin, June 27, 1817. He studied the-
ology in the Jesuit Latin school in Breslau.
In 1784 he became organist at the Hed-
wigskirche, Berlin, in 1790 entered the
court orchestra there, in 1811 was ap-
pointed assistant conductor of the opera,
and in 1816 court Kapellmeister. W'orks
Operas : Das Incognito, Berlin, 1797 ;
Der Opernschneider, ib., 1801 ; Hans Max
Giesbrecht von Humpeuburg, ib., 1815 ;
Alfred der Grosse (unfinished). Ballets :
Das Opfer vor der Bildsaule des Amor, Ver-
tumnus und Pomona, 1804 ; Die Einschif-
fung uach Cythera, Die Sclnvesteru als Ne-
benbuhlerinuen, Der Dorfschulmeister, Die
Verwaudluugeu aus Liebe, 1805 ; Der im-
terbrocheue Dorfjahrmarkt, 1806 ; Echo
und Narcissus, 1813 ; Lucas und Laurette,
1815 ; Die Ruckkehr des Mars, 1815 ; Die
deutschen Fraueu, Alexander und Campas-
pe, Der Maler, 1817 ; Music to Goethe's
Die Laurie des Verliebeu ; do. to several
dramas ; L' Obedienza di Giouata, oratorio ;
4 cantatas ; Pianoforte music and songs.
Fetis ; Mendel ; Schilling.

GUSTAVE III., ou le bal masque (The
Masked Ball), opera in five acts, text by
Scribe, music by Auber, first represented



SU'J



GUTE



at the Academic Royale de Musique, Paris,
Feb. 27, 1833. The libretto deals with the
story of Gustavus III. of Sweden, who was
shot at a masked ball in 1792, b}" Aukar-
stri nil, the instrument of a conspiracy of no-
bles ; but Scribe has taken liberties \\ith
history by making the king the victim of
an outraged husband. The scene of the
masked ball in the last act is magnificent,
and is often represented singly. The galop
from Gustave is famous.

GDTE NACHT, DU WELTGETTJM-
MEL, bass aria in G minor, with accompa-
niment of strings complete, and contiimo,
in Johaun Sebastian Bach's cantata for
Dom. xvi post Trinit., " Wer wciss, wie
nahe mir meiu Eude " (Bachgesellschaft,
No. 27) ; published separately, with addi-
tional accompaniments by Robert Franz, by
!'. Whistling, Leipsic, I860.

GYPSY BARON.THE. Sec Zir/cuncH

GYPSY'S WAKXINd, THK, Knglish ro-
mantic opera in three acts, text by Liudley
and Peake, music by Julius Benedict, first
represented at Drury Lane, London, April
19, 1838. It was performed many times in
Germany. " Rage, rage, thou angry storm,"
and " Blest be the home," were frequently
sung in concerts.

GYRONVKT/, ADALBERT, born at Bud-
weis, Bohemia, Feb. 19, 17(>:!, died in Vi-
enna, March 111, 1S50. Dramatic composer,
pupil of his father, a choirmaster. He be-
gan the study of law at Prague University.
but poverty compelled him to accept the
post of secretary to Count von Fu'nfkirrhen.
He went to Vienna, where Mozart intro-
duced his compositions to the public ; he
then visited Italy and studied two years
under Sala in Naples. In 1789 he travelled
in France, and proved himself the composer
of symphonies that had been performed as
Haydn's ; but the troubles of the Revolu-
tion soon drove him to London, where he
was well received by the Prince of Wales
and others, and found liberal publishers.
He was engaged to write an opera, but the
opera-house and the score of Semiramide



were burned. In 1793 he returned to Vi-
cuna after an absence of seven j'ears. Un-
derstanding six languages, he acted as sec-
retary of legation in several German cities,
and in 1804-31 was Kapellmeister of the
court theatre in Vienna, from which he re-
tired on a slender pension. His fertility
was remarkable, and his compositions were
very popular in their time, though they are
now forgotten. His style is often an imita-
tion of Haydn's. Works Operas : Selico,
1804; J;/m.'s Sorel, 180(1; Der Augenar/t,
1811 ; Die Priifung, 1813, approved by
Beethoven ; Helene, 1816 ; Felix uud Adele,
1831 ; Ida, die Biissende ; Emerike ; Semi-
ramide ; II finto Stanislao ; Federica e Adol-
fo ; Miriua, melodrama. Operettas: Der
betrogcne Betriiger; Der dreizehnte Man-
tel ; Der blinde Harfuer ; Der Sammtrock ;
Wiuterquartier in Amerika ; Gemahl von
Ungefahr ; Das zugemauerte Fenster ; Die
Juuggesellenwirthschaft ; Das Stiindchen ;
Aladin ; Die Pagen des Herzogs vou Veu-
donie. Forty ballets ; Cantatas, choruses,
arid songs; 19 masses; (50 symphonies ; 24
trios ; 44 quartets ; 3 quintets ; 12 sere-
nades ; 36 pianoforte sonatas ; 12 nocturnes ;
Overtures, dances, marches, and other mu-
sic. Biographic des Adalbert Gyrowctz (Vi-
enna, 1848) ; Wurzbach, vi. C2 ; Allgem. d.
Biogr., x. 247 ; Riehl, Mus. CharakterkOpfe,
i. 211 ; Mendel ; Futis ; Grove.



HAACK, FRIEDRICH, born in Pots-
dam in 1760, died (?). Violinist,
brother of Karl Haack ; at an earls-
age he joined the orchestra of the Prince of
Prussia as violinist, but studied the piano-
forte and the organ, and composition under
Fasch. He became organist at Stargard,
Pomerania, in 1779, and later music direc-
tor and organist in Stettin, where he con-
ducted amateur concerts from 1793. He
composed the opera, Die Geisterinsel, an
oratorio, symphonies, pianoforte concerto
and trios, and a violin concerto. Mendel ;
Fetis ; Schilling.



210



HAACK



HAACK, KARL, born in Potsdam, Feb.
18, 1757, died there, Sept. 28, 1819. Vio-
linist, pupil of Franz Benda. He entered
the orchestra of the Priuce of Prussia and
was Conzertmeister before 1782 ; on the ac-
cession of Friedrich Wilhelm II. he became
royal chamber musician and in 1796 Cou-
zertmeister. He was pensioned about 1811.
He was also a good pianist. Works : G violin
concertos ; 3 sonatas for pianoforte ; Cham-
ber music, songs, etc. Mendel ; Schilling ;
Fetis ; Gerber (1790), i. 567 ; (1812), ii. 453.

HAAS, Pater ILDEPHONS, born at Of-
fenburg, April 23, 1735, died May 30, 1791.
Singer aiid violinist, pupil of Wolbrecht ;
entered the Benedictine Monastery of Et-
tenheimmunster in 1751, and became a priest
in 1759. He then studied composition, and
the violin, on which he had already been
much advanced by Wenzel Stamitz. Cor-
respondence with Kaiser, Vogler, and Port-
mann, and the study of Matthesou's and
Marpurg'a works, but especially Fux's
Gradus ad Paruassum completed his musi-
cal education. He was librarian of his con-
vent, and his exertions in studying mathe-
matics hastened his end. He composed
masses, vespers, and other church music.
Schilling; Mendel ; Gerber.

HABENECK, FRANgOIS
born at Mrzi-
eres, June 1,
1781, died in
Paris, Feb. 8,
1849. Violinist,
son of a Ger-
man musician in
a French mili-
tary baud;
played in pub-
lic at the age of ten. He studied at the
Paris Conservatoire under Baillot, won the
first violin prize in 1804, and developed
a talent for conducting in the Conservatoire
concerts in 1806-15. He became first vio-
linist of the Opera in 1818, director in 1821-
24, conductor of the orchestra in 1824-46.
He received the cross of the Legion of



ANTOINE,




Honour in 1822, and after the Revolution of
July, 1830, became first violinist to the king.
From 1828 he conducted for twenty years
the new SocietiJ des Concerts du Conserva-
toire, and was the first to introduce Bee-
thoven's symphonies into France. Works :
Several numbers for the opera of Aladin,
given in 1822 ; Le page inconstant, ballet,
1823 ; Compositions for violin and piano-
forte or orchestra ; Church music ; Songs,
etc. FOtis, Wasielewski, Die Violine und
ilire Meister, 372-375 ; Hart, The Violin,
304 ; Dubourg, The Violin, 209.

HABERBIER, ERNST, born in KOnigs-
berg, Oct. 5, 1813, died at Bergen, Norway,
March 12, 1869. In 1832 he went to St.
Petersburg; where he became court pianist
in 1847 ; gave concerts in London in 1850 ;
then retired for six months to Christiania,
Norway, and elaborated a system of finger-
ing rapid pianoforte passages by alter-
nately using both hands. This system, which
bears his name, was not, however, of his
inventing, as J. S. Bach and others had ap-
plied it long before him. He played in
concerts at Paris in 1852 ; later visited
Germany, Russia, and Denmark, and set-
tled as teacher in Bergen in 1866. Com-
posed numerous brilliant pieces for piano-
forte. Fetis, iv. 173 ; do., Supplement, i.
440 ; Mendel, iv. 467.

HABERMANN, FRANZ JOHANN, born
at K'Juigswarth, Bohemia, in 1700, died at
Eger, April 7, 1783. He studied music in
Italy ; then travelled in Spain and France ; in
Paris entered the service of Prince de Conde
in 1731 ; later was made maestro di cappella
to the ducal court of Florence. He com-
posed an opera for Maria Theresa's corona-
tion in Prague, had many pupils, and con-
ducted music in two churches there ; and
in 1773 went to Eger as music director of
a church. Published 12 masses (Prague,
1746) and 6 litanies (ib., 1747), and left in
manuscript the oratorios Conversio pecca-
toris and Deodatus, symphonies, sonatas,
and many works of church music. Mendel ;
Fc-tis : Wurzbach ; Schilling.



an



II A BERT



HABEKT, JOHANN EYANDER, horn
at Oberplan, Bohemia, Oct. 18, 1833, still
living, 1889. After being a school-teacher
for nine years, he was appointed, in 1861,
organist at Gmunden, Upper Austria. He
has composed masses, other church music,
and some pianoforte pieces and songs.
Mendel.

HACKEL, ANTON, born in Vienna, April
17, 1799, died there, July 1, 184G. Amateur
vocal composer, pupil of Franz Freystadter
and Emanuel Alois Fdrster ; was a govern-
ment official in the department of build-
ings, but found time to produce many com-
positions, chiefly songs, and church and
military music. His ballad, Die nachtlichc
Heerschau, was very popular. Wurzbach ;
Fetis ; Mendel ; Schilling.

HACKENSOELLXER, LEOPOLD, Aus-
trian pianist and composer, contemporary.
He settled in Florence, where he is director
of the Philharmonic Society; has composed
several French operettas, produced in Flor-
ence, of which Le do obtained considerable
success ; also a comic opera, La villa du
sjiirite. Fi'tis, Supplement, i. 440.

HACKEE, BENEDICT, born at Metten,
near Deggendorf, Nether Bavaria, May 30,
1 TI'.'.I. died (?). Composer, pupil of Michael
Haydn and Leopold Mozart ; was violinist in
a convent choir, and from 178G to 1802 a
clerk in book-shops at Salzburg ; then set
up for himself there as a dealer in music.
Jlc wrote a comic opera, List gegen List, for
male voices, 7 masses, a Requiem, and other
church music, and songs. Fc'tis Mendel ;
Schilling.

HADRIAN. See Adriano in Siria.

HADRIANIUS. See A,lna,,;>.

HAENEL DE CROXKNTH ALL, LOU-
ISE AUGUSTA MARIE JULL\, Marquise
d'Hericourt de Valiucourt, born in Saxony
in 1839, still living, 1889. Composer, pu-
pil successively of Tariot, Franchomme,
Stamaty, Pn'vost, and Demersseman. She
has published nearly 100 works, sympho-
nies, sonatas, quartets for strings, varso-
viennes for orchestra, songs, etc. She tran-



scribes Chinese national airs and songs,
for which she gained a medal at the Ex-
position, and one from the Chinese Com-
mission ; one of these pieces, La desceute
de Thirondelle, is taken from the collection
of popular songs by Confucius. La chan-
son du tlu' is by a Chinese emperor of the
ISth century. Fi'tis, Supplement, i. 440 ;
Mendel, Ergiinz., 140.

HAFFNEE, JOHANN CHRISTIAN
FRIEDRICH, born at Oberschr.nau, near
Suhl, March 2, 1759, died atUpsal, Sweden,
May 28, 1833. Organist, pupil of Vierling
at Schmalkaldeu, and from 1770 student at
Leipsic University, where he supported
himself by proof-reading for Breitkopl' .V
Hilrtel. After travelling with opera com-
panies as music director, he became in 1780
organist of the German church in Stock-
holm and accompanist at the opera there,
receiving in 1787 the title and in 1793 the
office of court Kapellmeister; removed to
Upsal in 1808, and was made organist of
the cathedral and musical director of the
university in 1820. He wrote three operas,
Elektra, Alcides, and Rinaldo, in the style
of Gluck ; Swedish songs, organ, and other
music. Fetis ; Schilling ; Mendel ; Rie-
niann.

HAFFNEE SYMPHONIE, a name some-
times given to Mozart's Symphony in D
i Korhel, No. 385), to distinguish it from
his 13 others in the same key. It was com-
posed in 1782, for the wedding of a daugh-
ter of the Haffners, one of the wealthy mer-
chant families of Germany, and was first
performed at her marriage in Salzburg, in
the same year.

HAGEMAN, HERMAN, born at Neer-
bosch, Holland, in 1812, still living, 1889.
Organist, pupil of Courbois ; was for twenty-
five years organist of his native town. He
went in 1859 to Nymwegen, and was or-
ganist in 18G4 at Grave. He has published
a treatise on plain-chaunt and a collection of
plain-chaunt pieces harmonized with organ
accompaniment. Fi'tis, Supplement, i. I |-J ;
Mendel.



212



IIAGEMAN



HAGEMAN, MAURITS LEONARD,
born at Zutphen, Holland, Sept. 25, 1829,
still living, 1889. Piauist aucl violinist,
pupil of Sloot aiid Vrugtrnaii, and at the
Royal School of Music at The Hague of
Liibeck, Van tier Does, Tomrnassiui, and
Baetens ; finally, at the Brussels Conserva-
toire, of de Bin-lot. He entered the orches-
tra of the Italian Opera at Brussels as first
violinist, became musical director and organ-
ist at Groniugeu, and iu 1865 director of
the Maatschappij van Tooukunst at Batavia.
Ten years later he returned to Holland,
lived for a year in Brussels, and settled at
Leeuwardeu, where he assumed the direc-
tion of a great music school aud a singing
society. He has composed a few cantatas,
pianoforte music, and songs. Riemauu ;
Viotta.

HAGER, JOHANNES, born in Vienna,
Feb. 24, 1822, still living there, 1889. Real
name, Johanu vou Hassliuger-Hassiugen ;
he is an aulic councillor iu the Minis-
try of Foreign Affairs. Dramatic composer,
pupil of A. J. Becker, Fischhof, J. Hauser,
Moritz Hanptmanu, and Mendelssohn ; has
published also a series of excellent works
of chamber music. Works : Jolantha, opera,
given in Vienna, 18-49 ; Marfa, do., ib.,
188G (composed in 1861) ; Johannes der



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