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place in all the German theatres. Its pro-
duction in Copenhagen, under the com-
poser's own direction, in 1836, was so suc-
cessful that he was offered the post of Gen-
eral Musik-Director in Denmark, an honour
which his enthusiastic reception in Ger-
many obliged him to decline. Among the
best impersonators of the title role is Eugen

Eugen Gura,

Gura (born at Pressern, Bohemia, Nov. 8,
1S42), whose portrait is given herewith.
Hanslick, Moderne Oper, 83.

HANSL, PETER, born at Leppe, Prus-
sian Silesia, Nov. 29, 1770, died in Vienna,
Sept. 18, 1831. Violinist, educated by an
uncle in Warsaw. In 1787 he entered the
orchestra of Prince Potemkin in St. Peters-
burg ; in 1791 was Conzertmeister in the
orchestra of Prince Lubomirski in Vienna,
where he studied composition under Haydn.
Visited Paris in 1802, and after remaining
there a year returned to Vienna. He died
of cholera. Works : 55 string quartets ; 3
quartets with flute and clarinet ; 4 quintets ;
9 duets for violins ; variations, rondos, polo-
naises, marches, etc., for various instru-
ments. Fetis ; Mendel ; Schilling.

HANS SACHS, German comic opera in
four acts, text by Reger, music by Albert


Lortzing, represented at Leipsic, June 23,
184:0. An unperformed opera of the same
title was written also by Gyrowetz (died
1850). Hans Sachs is the hero of Wagner's
Die Meistersinger von Niirnberg.

Ghent, July 12, 1802, died at Brussels,
April 8, 1871. Violoncellist, entered the or-
chestra of the National Theatre at Amster-
dam in 1812, became leader in 1822, and
in 1824 violoncellist, and later leader of the
orchestra in the theatre at Brussels. In
1827 he was made professor of harmony in
the royal school of music, but returned to
Holland in 1830, and in 1834 became solo
violoncellist at the Theatre Ventadour in
Paris, and later second leader of the or-
chestra and composer. In 1835 he was di-
rector of the French opera at the Hague ;
then at Brussels professor at the Conserva-
toire, director of the Societe de la Grande
Harmonic, and chef d'orchestre of the The-
atre Royal. Member of the Royal Acad-
emy of Belgium ; Order of Leopold. Works
Operas : Le siege de Calais, given at
Brussels, 18G1 ; Marie de Brabant, frag-
ments of which were performed in concerts ;
6 others ; ballets : Sylla ; Le pied de mou-
ton ; La lampe merveilleuse ; Le couscrit ;
L'enchanteresse ; Mahieux ; part of Gar-
gantua ; Pizzarre, not given ; Robinson ;
Fleurette ; Le 5 juillet (with Snel), Brus-
sels, 1825 ; Un diinanche a Poutoise, ib.,
1833 ; Valentine ; Le chateau de Kenil-
worth ; Le paradis du diable ; Music to
Gustave Vai'z's drama Agneessens, Brussels,
1849 ; Le sabbat, cantata-oi'atorio, ib., 1870 ;
4 cantatas with orchestra; Requiem, ib.,
1837 ; 2 solemn masses ; several sympho-
nies for full orchestra ; do., overtures ; do.,
fautaisies ; Concerto for violoncello ; do. for
violin ; do. for pianoforte ; 2 concertos for
clarinet; Symphonie concertante for clari-
net and violin ; Quartets for strings ; Cho-
ruses a cappella ; etc. Fetis ; do., Supple-
ment, i. 449 ; Mendel ; Viotta.

SEPH, the elder, born at Ghent, May 4,

1777, died at Brussels, May G, 1852. Dra-
matic composer, first instructed by Vauthier
and Verheyni, then pupil in Paris of Ber-
ton, and in Ghent of his elder brother, Jo-
seph Hansseus, and of the violinist Ambroise
Fumy. He began as chef d'orchestre of an
amateur theatre at Ghent, then was con-
nected in the same capacity with a troupe
performing alternately in Amsterdam, Ut-
recht, and Rotterdam ; in 1804 he went to
Antwerp, thence to Ghent, and in 1825 to
Brussels as chef d'orchestre of the Theatre
de la Monnaie ; in 1827 he was appointed di-
rector of the royal orchestra, and in 1828 in-
spector of the Conservatoire. Compromised
in the political events of 1830 he lost both
positions, but conducted the opera again
ill 1835-38, and in 1840, when he also as-
sumed a partnership in the enterprise, there-
by ruining himself financially. Works :
Les dots, comic opera, given at Ghent in
1804 ; Le solitaire de Formentera, drama,
Ghent and Lille, 1807 ; La partie de tric-
trac, ou la belle-mere, comic opera, Ghent,
1812 ; Alcibiade, grand opera, Brussels,
1829 ; Cantata ; G masses with orchestra ;
Beatus vir, for four voices and orchestra ; 2
Deus Dixit ; 3 Te Deum ; Album. Fetis ;

born in Paris, June 12, 1738, died there in
1805. Violinist, played Tartini's difficult
sonatas at the age of six. Travelled in Italy,
1758-G1, then was admitted to the royal
chapel, and in 1770 became first violinist to
the king. He taught the violin to the dau-
phin, father of Louis XVI., from 1763 till
that prince's death. In 1775 he was ap-
pointed director of the queen's concerts,
and in 1790 became first violinist at the
Theatre Montansier. Works : G sonatas for
violin and basso continuo, 12 duos for 2 vio-
lins. Fetis.

HARDER, AUGUST, born at Schoner-
stiidt, near Leisnig, Saxony, in 1774, died
in Leipsic, Oct. 29, 1813. Song composer,
pupil of his father ; gave up theology for
music, and settled in Leipsic as a teacher.



He wrote about 50 books of songs, -which
became universally popular, and guitar and
pianoforte music. Futis ; Gerber ; Schil-

HARDOUIN, Abbe HENRI, bom at
Grandpre (Ardennes), France, in 1724, died
at Rheims, Aug. 13, 1808. Church com-
poser, educated at the maitrise of the Cathe-
dral of Kheims, became a priest and canon,
and was maitre de chapelle until the Revo-
lution ; on Robespierre's death several
priests who had remained iu hiding, re-
stored the cathedral services and reinstated
him. He was entrusted with the revision
of the breviary of the diocese of Rheims,
and set its hymns and proses to new music.
Works : Solemn mass, for the coronation of
Louis XVI. ; 12 masses for 4 voices a cap-
pella (1764) ; over 40 masses for 4-5 voices,
with orchestra ; about 80 motets ; several
Requiems ; 4 Te Deiim ; De profundis ; etc.
He published also Methode nouvelle de
Plain-ehaunt (1762). Fetis, Larousse.

HAUFENQUAHTETT, for two violins,
viola, and violoncello, in E flat, by Beetho-
ven, op. 74, composed iu 1801), and dedi-
cated to the Fiirst von Lobkowitz. The
MS. is iu the possession of Paul Mendels-
sohn. It is named from the pizzicati arpeg-
gios that it contains, and which give the
effect of the harp. I. Poco adagio, Allegro ;
n. Adagio ; IH. Presto ; IV. Allegretto con
variazioni. Published by Breitkopf & Har-
tel (Lcipsic, 1810) ; do., Beethoven Werke,
Serie 6, No. 10. Lenz, Beethoven, ii. 106 ;
Thayer, Verzeichuiss, 79.

Edinburgh iu 1833, still living, 1889. Or-
ganist and conductor, pupil of his father,
Halle, Sir G. A. Macfarreu, and Ferdinand
Hiller. He has been, since 1862, conductor
in London, where he organized the Royal
Albert Hall Choral Society, of which he
was sub-conductor to Gounod. Works :
Coronet or Crown, opera ; 2 operettas ;
The Harvest Queen, cantata ; Orchestral
overtures, marches, music to plays, songs,
part-songs, etc.

GIEUSES, 10 pieces for pianoforte solo, by
Liszt, op. 33. I. Invocation ; H. Ave Ma-
ria ; HI. Benediction de Dieu dans la soli-
tude ; IV. Pensee des inorts ; V. Pater uos-
ter ; VI. Hymue de Fenfaut a sou reveil ;
VII. Funerailles ; VIH. Miserere d'apres
Palestriua ; IX. Andante lagrimoso, Tom-
bez, lariues ; X. Cantique d'amour. Pub-
lished by Kistuer (Leipsic, 1853). Ramauu,
Liszt, 212.

air with variations for pianoforte, by Handel,
included in his First set of Lessons for the
Harpsichord, published by Cluer under the
title : Suites de Pieces pour le Claveciu
(1720). It closes the fifth lesson iu E ma-
jor, and in the early editions was called
Air et Doubles. This was arranged for the
orchestra, and was performed by the Acad-
emy of Ancient Music in London. Tradi-
tion says that Handel used as his theme a
tune which he heard sung in a smith}',
where he had taken refuge from the rain,
by a blacksmith, who beat time to his song
with his hammer on the anvil. It has been
alleged that this air was written by Wagen-
seil, or some older composer. A version of
the tune was published in Paris to words by
Clement Marut. Selicelcher, Handel, 65,
401 ; Rockstro, 117 ; Chrysandcr, iii. 187 ;
Richard Clark, Reminiscences of Handel
(London, I8:iii).

CHURCH BELLS, catch for three voices
by Henry Aldrich. He wrote also a Greek
version of this catch.

church composer of the 17th century. He
published at Worms in 1652 a collection of
motets, psalms, and other compositions un-
der the title Calliope mixta. Fetis ; Men-
del ; Schilling.

in the 16th century, died in 1630. He was
cantor in the church of St. Blasius, Bruns-
wick, about 1588, cantor at GiJttingen
in 1(103-21, aud Kapellmeister at Celle.



Works : Neue lustige, teutsche Liedleiu
(Helmstlldt, 1588, 1591; Hamburg, 1591,
1G51 ; Nuremberg, 1G04) ; Fasciculus se-
lectissimarum cautionum (Helmstiidt, 1592) ;
Artis music* delineatio (Frankfort, 1G08) ;
Rosetum Musicuni (Rostock, 1G17) ; Psal-
modia nova (Goslar, 1G21) ; Passio Dominica
(Cioslar, 1G21) ; Resurrectio Dominica (Gos-
lar, 1G22) ; Cautiones Gregoriaute (Goslar,
1G24). Gerber, ii. 504; Mendel, v. G7 ;
Ergiiuz., 150 ; Fetis, iv. 22 ; Schilling, iii.
475 ; Allgem. d. Biog., x. G14.

HAROLD, dramatic opera in five acts and
nine tableaux, by Eduord Napravnik, repre-
sented in St. Petersburg, Nov. 23, 1880. It
is said to have won great applause. Harold,
German opera, text by Paul Krone, music
by Karl Pfeft'er, given in Vienna, April 3,
1887, was well received.

HAROLD EN ITALIE, symphony in four
parts, by Hector Berlioz, op. 1C, for full
orchestra, with solo viola, composed in 1834
and first performed at the Conservatoire,
Paris, Nov. 23, 1834. Dedicated to Hum-
bert Ferraud. I. Harold aux monta"'nes.


Scenes de melancolie, de bouheur, et de
joie, (Adagio and Allegro) in G. H.
Marche de pelerins chantant la priere du
soir, (Allegretto) in E. III. Sc'ivnade d'un
montagnard des Abbruzes ;t sa maitresse,
(Allegro assai) in C. IV. Orgie de brigands,
souvenirs des scenes pivci'deutes, (Allegro
freuetico) in G. The work, the idea of
which is based on " Childe Harold," origin-
ated in a request of Paganiui's that Berlioz
should write a solo to display the qualities
of his Stradivarius viola. It has been much
altered since its first production. It was
first played in England at the New Philhar-
monic Concert, London, July 4, 1855, under
the direction of the composer. First per-
formed in Boston by Theodore Thomas's
orchestra, Oct. 28, 1874. The score and
parts are published by Schlesinger. Ar-
ranged for pianoforte by Liszt (Braudus
et Cie., Paris, 1880). Jullien, H. Berlioz,
140 ; Berlioz, Memoires, Ch. 45 ; Grove ;
Upton, Standard Symphonies, 105 ; Jul-

| lien (1S88), 89 ; Liszt, Ges. Schr. (Ramauu),
iv. 3.

HARRER, GOTTLOB, died at Carlsbad
in 1755. Church composer, studied coun-
terpoint in Italy ; accompanied Frederick
the Great on the harpsichord in 1745 at
Leipsic, where he was cantor of the Tho-
masschule in 1750-55. Left in manuscript
the oratorios Der Tod Abels, Gioas re di
Giuda ; 3 Passion-oratorios ; Symphonies ;
Concertos for various instruments ; Duos for
flutes ; Sonatas for pianoforte, etc. Allgem.
d. Biogr., x. 650 ; Fetis ; Schilling ; Mendel.

ston, Somersetshire, England, in 1727, died
at Bath, Jan. 15, 181G. He was graduated
at Queen's College, Oxford, in 1748, settled
as a physician in Bath, of which he became
mayor. He founded there the Harmonic
Society. Works : 3 books of glees and
songs (1770, 1785, 1797) ; Eloi ! Eloi ! or
The Death of Christ, a dirge for Passion
Week (1800) ; Anthems ; Songs. Grove ;
Fetis ; Harmonicon, 1830, 225.

HARTEL, BENNO, born at Jauer, Si-
lesia, May 1, 184G, still living, 1889. Pu-
pil of E. Hoppe on the pianoforte, of P. Jap-
sen on the violin, and of F. Kiel in compo-
sition. In 1870 he became instructor of
theory at the royal school for music in Ber-
lin. He has composed an opera, orchestral
music, over 300 canons, and other vocal mu-
sic, but has published only pianoforte pieces
and an Andante religioso for contralto.
Mendel, iv. 484.

born at Beuuuugen, Thuringia, March 10,
1805, still living, 1889. Organist, pupil of
Weissenborn at Fraukenhauseu ; studied at
the Royal Institute for Church Music in
Berlin, and at the same time took lessons
of Kelz on the violoncello. Taught vocal
music in several schools of Berlin ; became
organist of the Paulskirche there in 1835,
and of the Elizabethkirche in 1839. Com-
posed vocal and organ music. Mendel.

in Alteuburg about 1750, died in Paris



about 1804. Virtuoso on the flute. Lived
in Hamburg (1786), Russia, and in 1790 at
Erlangen, whence he went to Paris and be-
came professor at the Conservatoire in
1794, and flutist at the Opera. Works : 4
Concertos ; Duos ; Variations ; Fantasias
for flute and orchestra (1784-85) ; 6 Duos
for flutes, op. 6 ; do., op. 7 ; 2 Airs varies
for flute, violin and orchestra ; G French and
Russian airs, for flute with violin or vio-
loncello ; 126 Cadenzas for flute in all
keys ; Collection of preludes for do. ; 8 Airs
\;iru's, with bass. Fi'tis ; Mendel; Schil-

born at Rudisleben, Thuringia, about 1750,
died at Eimbeck, Hanover, in 182G. He
was organist at Eimbeck, and composed an
opera Das Zauberschloss, sonatas for piano-
forte and violin, pianoforte pieces, and
songs. Fotis ; Schilling.

HARTMANN, EM3L, born at Copenha-
gen, Feb. 21, 1836, still
living, 1889. Son and
pupil of Johaun Peder
Emil Hartmann ; stud-
ied also under his
brother-in-law, G a d c ,
visiting Leipsic in I860.
In 186 1 he became or-
ganist of a church in
Copenhagen, and in
1871 of the royal chapel of Christiansborg
there, but on account of his health retired
in 1873 to Siilleriid, near Copenhagen, and
devoted himself to composition. Works :
Fjeldstuen, ballet, given at Copenhagen ;
The Nixie, operetta, ib. ; Elverpigen (The
alder-maid), opera, given at Copenhagen,
1867 ; The Corsicaus, comic opera ; A ballet ;
2 symphonies, in E-flat, op. 29, and A minor
(Aus der Ritterzeit, op. 34) ; Eiue nordische
Heerfahrt, overture ; Nordische Volkstiinze,
for orchestra, op. 18 ; Winter und Lenz,
for chorus and orchestra, op. 13 ; Concerto
for violin, op. 19 ; do., for violoncello, op.
27 ; Trio for pianoforte ; op. 10 ; Serenade
for pianoforte, violoncello, and clarinet, op.

24. Meyer, Conv. Lex. (1888) ; Mendel,
Ergiinz., 151 ; Riemanu.

HARTMANN, JOHANN, born at Gross-
glogau, Silesia, about 1735, died in Copen-
hagen in 1791. Violinist, was a member of
the Prince Bishop's chapel of Breslau in
1754, and Conzertmeister at the court of
Rudolstadt about 1760 ; entered the ser-
vice of the Duke of Ploen, with whom he
removed to Copenhagen in 1768, and there
composed many works for the church and
theatre, highly esteemed in Denmark, but
all of which were lost at the burning of
Christiansborg Castle. His opera Balder's
Dij)d was written in the style of Gluck ;
from another opera, The Fisherman, the
popular " Kong Christian stod ved hojeu
Must " still survives as a national song.
Mendel ; Schilling ; Gerber (1790), i. 587,
(1812) ii. 511.

born at Copenhagen,
May 14, 1805, still
living, 1889. Dra-
matic composer, son
and pupil on the
pianoforte and violin
of August Wilhelni
Hartmaun, who was
organist at Copeuha-
' gen in 1800-50, and
in his turn a son of
Johann Hartmann. While he studied juris-
prudence and held a government office for
a time, he was much influenced and advised
by Weyse, assisted his father as organist of
the Garrison church, was teacher in the
Copenhagen Conservatory, and brought out
his first opera in 1832. In 1836 he visit oil
Germany, France, and Switzerland, in 1840
became director of Copenhagen Conserva-
tory, and in 1849 was made royal chapel-
master. On the fiftieth anniversary of his
musical life, in 1874, he received the Daue-
brog Order, and in 1879 was made a Ph.D.
by the university of Copenhagen. He de-
servedly ranks among the greatest musi-
cians of Denmark. Gade married his



daughter. Works Operas : Ravnen, oder
BroderpriJven (The Raven, or Brotherly
Proof), given at Copenhagen, 1832 ; The
Golden Horns, ib., 1834 ; The Corsairs, ib.,
1835 ; Liden Kirsten (Little Christina), ib.,
1846 ; Music to Bournouville's classical
ballets, and to Oehleuschliiger's, Heiberg's,
and Andersen's dramas ; Concerto for violin ;
Pianoforte pieces, and song-cycles (Salomon
and Sulamith, Hjortens Flugt, etc.). Fetis,
Supplement, i. 451 ; Mendel ; Meyer, Conv.
Lex. (1888), VIE. 185 ; Riemann.

HARTMANN, LUDWIG, born at Neuss
on the Rhine in 1836,
still living, 1889. Pi-
anist, son and pupil of
Friedrich Hartmann
(vocal composer,
born 1805), then at
the Conservatorium,
L e i p s i c , pupil of
Moscheles and Haupt-
mann, and in "Weimar
(185G-7) of Liszt ; in

1859 he appeared with great success in a
concert at Dresden, where he settled and
made for himself an exclusive position as a
literary champion of the Wagner tendency.
Works : KOuig Helge, opera (MS.) ; Piano-
forte music, and songs. Mendel.

sterdam, Aug. 15, 1826, still living, 1889.
Dramatic composer, pupil of Mine Dulcken,
Dohler, Hoch, and Bartelmann, then in
Paris under Ehvart and Litolff, and finally
(1849-52) under Heiuze and Damcke. He
settled in Paris in 1852, produced his music
to Portia at the Societe de Sainte-Cecile,
and taught composition, harmony, and
pianoforte. He is a member of the Nether-
laud Society for the Encouragement of
Music, and was one of the collaborators of
Pougin's Supplement to the Biographie
Universelle des Musiciens. Orders of the
Oaken Crown, and of Leopold. Works
Operas : Le niariage de Don Lope, comic
opera, given at the Theatre Lyrique, 1865 ;
L'amour et son hote, do., Brussels, 1873 ;

Lorenzo Aldini, and Portici, grand operas,
not yet produced ; Music to Augier's drama
Portia, Paris, 1853 ; The 43d psalm, for
soli, chorus, and orchestra ; La foret, for
do. ; Prologue symphonique to Schiller's
Maid of Orleans ; Mass with orchestra ;
Symphony for full orchestra ; 2 concert
overtures (Macbeth and Pompee) ; 2 suites
for string quartet ; 2 quartets for strings ;
Scherzo for do. ; Six duets for female
voices. Fetis ; do., Supplement, i. 451 ;

born at Werua, Hohenheim, in 1771, died
at Brunswick, July 28, 1859. Pupil of his
father. Taught in Brunswick, where he
was music director of the Martineum and
gymnasium, and founded and conducted
the Singakademie. In youth he studied
the harp, but later gave it up. Works : So-
natas for harp and violin ; Fantasias and va-
riations for harp ; Church music ; Songs,
etc. Mendel ; Fetis ; Schilling.

at Leipsic, Oct. 15, 1779, died in Weimar,
Nov. 1, 1844. He was educated at the
Thomasschule, and studied theology at the
University of Leipsic ; became teacher and
cantor in Lemgo in 1797, and director of
music in 1800. In 1806-13 he visited Italy ;
taught mathematics and Italian in Lemgo
in 1815, and from 1817 lived in Weimar as
music master to the ducal family, and mu-
sical director of the principal church.
Works : Der Triumph des Glaubens, ora-
torio, words by Klopstock, performed in
Birmingham, 1837 ; two operas, Die Neger
auf St. Domingo, and Alphonsine, oder der
Thurin im Walde ; Church music, over-
tures, songs, and pianoforte music ; Versuch
einer systeinatischeu Uebersicht der Gesang-
lehre (1820) ; Lehrbuch des Gesanges (1831).
Fetis ; Mendel ; Gerber.

HASLER. See Hassler.

HASLINGER, KARL, born in Vienna,
June 11, 1816, died there, Dec. 26, 1868.
Pianist, son of Tobias Haslinger. the founder
of the publishing house ; pupil of Czerny



on the pianoforte, and of Seyfried in com-
position. He succeeded to his father's ex-
tensive publishing business, and as an artist
deserved well of musical life in Vienna by
bis musical soirees, continued for thirty
years, in which, with the assistance of emi-
nent artists, he presented to the public the
best works of old and new classical com-
posers. Works : Wanda, das Miidchen von
Califoruieu, opera ; Napoleon I., symphony-
cantata, given at Weimar, 1853 ; Die Glocke,
cantata for 4 solo voices, chorus, and or-
chestra ; Masses, and other church music ;
Voyage sur le Khiu, for pianoforte with or-
chestra, op. 1; Quartets; Trios for piano-
forte and strings ; Sonata for violin and
pianoforte, op. 35 ; do. for pianoforte and
violoncello, op. 39 ; many pianoforte pieces,
and songs. Mendel ; do., Ergiinz., 152 ;
Fetis; do., .Supplement, i. 452; Wurzbach.
Italy as H Sassoue,
the Saxon), born at
Bergedorf, near
Hamburg, March 25,
1C99, died in Venice,
Dec. 10, 1783. He
was taught until his
nineteenth year, by
his father, who was
organist and school-
master in his native

village. In 1717 he went to Hamburg,
where he made the acquaintance of Ul-
rich KiJnig, a poet attached to the Polish
court at Dresden, who recommended him
to the notice of Keiser, the manager of the
Hamburg theatre. He was engaged as
tenor for four years, after which he got an
engagement at the theatre in Brunswick,
where his first opera, Autigonus, the only
one he ever wrote to a German text, was
brought out with fair success in 1723. Li
1724 he went to Italy to study composition.
He began under Porpora in Naples, but
soon left him for Alessandro Scarlatti, who
was his true teacher in composition, al-
though his eminence as a singer was prob-

ably largely due to Porpora's instruction.
His first Italian opera, Sesostrate, given in
Naples in 172(!, spread his fame ah 1 over
Italy. Next year he was made professor at
the Scuola degl' Incurabili, Venice, where
he wrote his long-famous Miserere. In
1728 he returned to Naples, but was back
in Venice again in 1729, where he married
the great singer, Faustina Bordoui. He
was then the most popular composer in
Italy, and equally a favorite in society, his
personal beauty, fine voice and singing,
conspicuous mastery on the clavecin, and
engaging manners all contributing to his
success. In 1731 he was called by August
H. as Kapellmeister and director of the
Court Opera at Dresden, where his Ales-
saudro uell' Indie, with Faustina in the
leading part, had a phenomenal success.
But Porpora, and his famous pupil, Regiua

| Miugotti, were established there in high
favor with a part of the royal family.
Basse's relations with Porpora had never
been friendly, and neither Porpora nor the
Miugotti were pleased to see the success of
Faustina, who had been a pupil of Gaspa-
rini. Hasse tried to throw discredit upon
the Miugotti by writing an air for her, in
Demofoonte, calculated to show her voice
and style at a disadvantage. This trick failed,
but the noise of it led Hasse to quit Dres-
den for a while, leaving his wife behind
him. He went to Milan, Venice, and Na-
ples, and finally to London, where his wife's
singing in Handel's company (172G-27) had
not been forgotten. He was induced to ac-
cept the direction of the opera in opposition
to Handel, but although his Artaserse had
an unquestioned success, he did not care to

j cope further with his greater rival ; and
heartily disliking England, he returned to
Dresden in 1739. August IH. was then
on the throne, and Porpora and the Miu-
gotti had left the city. Except for a visit
to Venice in 1740, Hasse and Faustina re-
mained in Dresden, enjoying the greatest
popularity, up to 17G3. At the siege of the
city, in 1700, most of his accumulated prop-


erty was lost, and the greater part of bis
MSS., prepared for a complete edition of
his works, to be published at the expense
of the King of Poland, was destroyed.
After the war, both the opera and the
King's chamber music were suppressed,
Hasse and Faustina were pensioned, and
retired to Vienna. There he met a new
rival, iii the shape of Gluck, whose Orfeo
had been brought out the year before. But
Hasse, in collaboration with Metastasio,
still made a good stand with several operas,

Online LibraryJohn Denison ChamplinCyclopedia of music and musicians (Volume 2) → online text (page 36 of 93)