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the Theatre Italien, induced him, as a last
resort, to copy that master's manner, but
Rossini's style was in no way sympathetic
to his peculiar genius. In 1826 he re-
turned to his own native manner, in Marie,
his finest work up to that time, as well as
his greatest success. But his career as a
dramatic composer was again interrupted.
In 1827 he became chef du chant at the
Opera, the duties of which left him little
leisure, and for the next two or three years
he wrote nothing but ballets (four in all),
an overture, and some incidental music for
the drama of Missoloughi, at the Odeon.
These ballets were successful enough, and
gave Herokl a good deal of useful experi-
ence, which was noticeable in the style
of his one-act operetta Division, Opera
Comique, 1829. Emmcline, brought out
the year after, was a failure, but in 1831
Zainpa placed him upon the pinnacle of
success. About this time Hcrold's health
began to fail, but no argument could pre-
vail upon him to seek repose and change of
climate, which, if taken in time, might
have saved his life. The mental agitation
accompanying his superintendence of the
rehearsals of Le pro aux clercs (his last im-
portant work), hastened the progress of
the disease of the chest from which he suf-
fered, and he died less than a month after
the first performance of the work, which
has always been considered his masterpiece
in France, although in Germany the palm
is generally given to Zampa. At his death
he left an unfinished opera, Ludovic, which
was completed by Halevy and brought out
successfully in 1834. Herold was buried
at Pere Lachaise, not far from Mehul's
tomb. In 1827 he married Adele Elise
Ilollet, by whom he had three children :
Ferdinand, a lawyer, afterward senator ;
Adele, and Eugenie, a talented musician,
born 1832, died of consumption, 1852.
Herold was eminently one of the greatest
of French writers of opera-comique ; he



was a man of large general culture, and his
native genius was made doubly efficient by
a careful and thorough technical education.
His early orchestral works show that, had
his bent not proclaimed itself determinedly
in the direction of the stage, he might have
occupied no mean position among modern
symphonists. The most marked features
of his dramatic music are great melodic
invention, warmth of feeling, dramatic fit-
ness, and finished elegance of style. His
handling of the orchestra is masterly.
Works I. Operas : 1. La gioventh di
Enrico Quinto, Naples, Teatro del Fondo,
1815 ; 2. Charles de France, ou amour et
gloire (in collaboration with Boieldieu),
Paris, Opera Comique, June 18, 1810 ; 3.
Les rosieres, ib., Jan. 27, 1817 ; 4. La
clochette, ou le diable page, ib., Oct. 18,
1817 ; 5. Le premier venu, ib., Sept. 28,
1818 ; G. Les traqueurs, ib., 1819 ; 7.
L'amour platonique, in rehearsal at the
Opera Comique in 1819, but never per-
formed ; 8. L'auteur mort et vivant, ib.,
Dec. 18, 1820 ; 9. Le muletier, ib., May
12, 1823 ; 10. Lasthenie, Opera, Sept. 8,
1823 ; 11. Vendome en Espagne (with
Auber), ib., 1823-24 ; 12. Le roi Rent.',
Opera Comique, Aug. 24, 1824 ; 13. Le
lapin blauc, ib., May 21, 1825 ; 14. Marie,
ib., Aug. 12, 182C ; 15. Illusion, ib., July
18, 1829 ; 1C. Enimeliue, ib., Nov. 28,
1829 ; 17. L'auberge d'Auray (with Cara-
fa), ib., May 11, 1830 ; 18. Zampa, ou la
fiancee de rnarbre, ib., May 3, 1831 ; 19.
La marquise de Briuvilliers (with Auber,
Batton, Berton, Blangiui, Boieldieu, Carafa,
Cherubim, and Paer), ib., Oct. 31, 1831 ;
20. La mcdecine sans medeciu, ib., Oct.
18, 1832 ; 21. Le pre aux clercs, ib., Dec.
15, 1832 ; 22. Ludovic (left unfinished,
completed by Halovy), ib., May 1G, 1833.
II. Cantatas, Ballets, etc. : 1. Mademoi-
selle de la Valliere, cantata (Prix de Rome,
1812) ; 2. Astolphe et Joconde, ballet,
Opera, 1827 ; 3. La somnambule, ballet,
ib., 1827 ; 4. Lydie, ballet, ib., 1828 ; 5.
La belle au bois dormant, ballet, ib., 1828 ;



263



II Ell II



G. La fille mal gardee, ballet, ib., Nov. 17,
1828. III. Pianoforte music : Sonatas for
pianoforte, op. 1, 3, 5 ; Caprices for do.
with quartet, op. 8, 9 ; Rondo for four
Lauds, op. 17 ; Caprices for piauoforte, op.
4, G, 7, 12, 58 ; Rondos aud divertissements
for do., op. 10, 14, 1G, 18, 20, 22, 27, 31,
34, 37, 40, 41, 44, 47, 53, 55 ; Fantaisies
for do., op. 2, 15, 21, 28, 33, 43, 49 ; Varia-
tions for do., op. 19, 30, 35 ; Potpourris
for do., etc. IV. Unpublished works, sent
from Rome, and now in the library of the
Conservatoire : Symphony for grand or-
chestra, iu C ; Do., in D ; Hymn on the
Transfiguration (Latin text), for 4 voices




and orchestra ; Sceiia ed aria con cori i Ital-
ian text) ; 3 string quartets, in D, C, aud
(I minor. Jouvin, Herold, sa vie et ses
u'livres (Paris, 18(i8) ; Magasiii pittoresque
(1S73), 15G.

HKi;K. DEIXE GUTE, soprano aria in
!',, with accompaniment of 2 violins and
continue, in Johami Sebastian Bach's can-
tata Dominica XIV. post Triuit., Wer Dank
opfert. drr prcissct mich (BacLgesellschaft,
No. 17). Published, with additional ac-
companiments by Robert Franz (Leipsic,
WListling).

HKRlt, DEIX MITLEID, Duet for so-
prano and bass, in A, with accompaniment
of 2 oboes d' amore, organ, and continuo, in
Johaim Sebastian Bach's cantata Feria III.,
Nativ. Christi (PPeijuzcAte-Oratorium, I 'art
III.), Herrscher des Hinimels, erhiire das
Lalleu (Bachgesellsuhaft, Vol. V, B.). Pub-
lished, with additional accompaniments by
Robert Franz (Breslau, Leuckart).

HERR, DER DU STARK, Soprano aria
in B-dat, with accompaniment of 2 oboes
in unison, strings complete, and continue,



in Johanu Sebastian Bach's cantata Festo
visitatiouis. Maria-, Meine Seel' erhebes den
Hen-en (Bachgesellschaft, No. 10). Pub-
lished, with additional accompaniments, by
Robert Franz (Leipsic, Whistling).

HERR GOTT ABRAHAM'S, bass aria of
Elias, in E-flat major, in Mendelssohn's
Elian, No. 14.

HERR GOTT, VATER, figured choral,
in D major, for soprano and alto, with fig-
ured coutiuuo, in Johaun Sebastian Bach's
cantata Festo asceusiouis Christi, JlVr da
glaubet uud getauft wird. The melody is
"Wie schon leuchtet der Morgeusteru,"
written by Philipp Nicolai (1598-99).

HERR, HORE UNSER GEBET, duet for
two soprani, with chorus, in A minor, in
Mendelssohn's AV /<(.-, No. 2.

HERRERIUS, MICHAEL, born in Mu-
nich, about 157G, died ('?). Ecclesiastic,
and church composer, Kapellmeister of the
church of St. Nicholas, Strasburg, from 1GOG.
His church music was published in Augs-
burg (1G04, 1G08), and republished in Pa-
dua (1017). Futis ; Gerber.

HERKMAXX, GOTTFRIED, born at
Soudershauseu, May 15, 1808, died at Lii-
beck, June (!, 187S. Violinist and pianist,
pupil of Spohr at Cassel, and of Hauptmann
in composition ; was first violinist at Han-
over, and under the influence of Aloys
Schmitt developed into an excellent pianist.
With his brother Karl he founded a string
quartet in Frankf ort-on-t he-Main ; became
music director and organist of St. Mary's, at
Liibeck, in 1831, court Kapellmeister of Son-
dersLauseu in 1844, and city Kapellmeister
of Liibeck iu 1852, directing at times the
theatre there and the Bach-Verein of Ham-
burg. "Works Operas : Toussaiut Lou-
verture ; Barbarossa, given at Liibeck about
1856 ; Das Joliannisfeuer, ib. ; Die Walpur-
gisnacht ; Orchestra and chamber music,
and songs. Meudel; do., Ergiiuz., 15G ;
Riemann.

HERTEL, JOHANN CHRISTIAN, born
at Oettingen, Suabia, iu 1G99, died iu Octo-
ber, 1754. Virtuoso ou the viola di gamba ;



HERTEL



destined for the church, and was taught only
singing and the gamba ; took lessons se-
cretly at Merseburg of the court organist,
Kaufmann, on the pianoforte and violin,
and in composition ; went to Halle as a
theological student iu 1716, where he en-
tertained a lively intercourse with the famous
Kuhuau at Leipsic ; his father finally yield-
ing to his desire to be a musician, he stud-
ied at Darmstadt under Hesse ; first violin-
ist of court chapel at Eisenach in 1719 ;
Conzertmeister at the court of Mecklen-
burg-Strelitz about 1742, until 1753, when
the orchestra was disbanded. Of his nu-
merous compositions for orchestra and
chamber music only six sonatas for violin
were published. Mendel ; Fetis ; Schilling.

HERTEL, JOHANN WILHELM, born
at Eisenach, Oct. 9, 1727, died June 14,
1789. Violinist and pianist, son and pupil
of Johauu Christian H. ; court composer at
Schwerin iu 1757 ; later, Kapellmeister ;
private secretary to the Princess Ulrike in
Schweriu up to 1789. Works Oratorios :
Der sterbende Heyland ; Jesus iu Banden
(1782) ; Jesus vor Gericht (1782) ; Jesus in
Purpur (1783 ;) Die Gabe des heiligeu
Geistes (1787) ; Der Ruf zur Basse (1787) ;
Die Himmelfahrt Christi (1789) ; Die Ge-
burt Jesu Christi (1789) ; Symphonies ; So-
natas for pianoforte. Mendel ; Fetis ;
Schilling.

HERTEL, PETER LUDWIG, bom in
Berlin, April 21, 1817, still living, 1889.
Son of the violinist Karl Hertel (1784-1SG8),
pupil of Greulich on the pianoforte, of Rietz
on the violin, of J. Schneider and Marx in
composition. Became court composer in
1858, and director of court ballet in 1860.
He wrote symphonies, overtures, etc., but
devoted himself specially to ballet music.
His best works are : Die lustigen Musketiere
(1852) ; Flick und Flock (1858) ; Elliuor
(1869); Sardanapal (1865); etc. Mendel,
Ergiinz., 218 ; Fetis, Supplement, i. 468.

HERTZ, MICHAEL, bom iu Warsaw,
Sept. 28, 1844, still living, 1889. Pianist,
pupil of Plaidy, Reinecke, and Moscheles




in Leipsic, and later of Hans von Billow in
Munich. He was engaged as director of
the Opera in Warsaw for two years ; and
was appointed professor of pianoforte in
the Stern Couservatorium, Berlin, in 1872.
He has composed for the pianoforte Po-
lish and German songs, which have been
very popular. Mendel.

HERVE (FLORIMOND RONGER,
called), born at Hou-
dain, near Arras, June
30, 1825, still living iu
Paris, 1889. Organist,
and dramatic com-
poser, originator of the
French opcrette ; was
organist at several
churches iu Paris ; ap-
peared as singer on
the stage a short time

in 1848 ; chef d'orchestre at the Theatre du
Palais-Royal in 1851 ; connected with vari-
ous theatres in Paris, Marseilles, Montpel-
licr, and Cairo in 1854-69, as composer,
leader of orchestra, or actor ; was engaged
in London in 1870-71, and in 1874, to con-
duct the promenade concerts at Covent
Garden. He writes his own librettos.
Works Operettas : Vade au cabaret ; 1111
Drame en 1779 ; Le compositeur toque ;
La fine fleur de 1'Andalousie ; La perle de
1'Alsace ; La belle Espaguole ; Fiti et Nini ;
all atFolies Concertantes, 1855-56 ; Toiuette
et sou carabiuier ; Femme a vendre ; Le
pommier ensorcele ; La dent de sagesse ;
L'alchimiste, ib., 1856-58 ; Le hussar perse-
cute, La fanfare de Saint-Cloud, Dclasse-
ments-comiques, 1862 ; Les toreadors de
Grenade, Theatre du Palais-Royal, 1863 ; Le
joueur de flute, Varietes, 1864 ; Une fan-
tasia, ib., 1865 ; La revue pour rien, ou Ro-
laud a Rouge-Veau, Bouffes Parisiens, 1865 ;
Les chevaliers de la table ronde, ib., 1866 ;
L'CEil creve, Folies Dramatiques, 1867 ;
Chilpi'ric, ib., 1868 ; Le roi d'Amatibou,
Palais-Royal, 18G8 ; Chilmeric, Eldorado,

1868 ; Le petit Faust, Folies Dramatiques,

1869 ; Les Turcs, ib., 1869 ; Le tivue d'E-



365



11EUZ



cosse, Varii'tcs, 1871 ; Le nouvel Alailin,
Theatre Dejazet, 1871 (given first iu Eng-
lish, London) ; La veuve du Malabar, Varie-
tcs, 1873 ; Le hussar persecute (amplified
into 2 acts), Palais Royal, 1S73 ; Alice de
Ncvcrs, Folies Draniatiques, 1875 ; La belle
poule, ib., 1875 ; Estelle et Neiuorin, Ope-
ra Boude, 1870 ; Pauurge, La unit mix





soufflets, Le retour des croises, 1884 ; Fri-
voli, London, La marquise des rues, 188G.
-Fetis, Supplement, i. 468; Riemauu.
HERZ, HENRI, bom in Vienna, Jan. 6,
1806, died iu Paris,
Jan. 5. 1888. Pian-
ist, first instructed
by his father, and
at Cobleutz by Hiin-
teu, then (181G) at
the Conservatoire,
Paris, p u p il of
Pradlu-r, and in
composition of
Dourleu ; took first
prize for pianoforte
the first year ; Moscheles, in his visit to
Pan-, in 1<VJ1, improved his style ; made a
tour in Germany with Lafout in ls:!l ;
visited London in 1834, where he plm-l
<lucts with Moscheles and J. 15. Cramer at
his own concert ; professor at the Conserva-
toire in 1842; lost heavily as partner of
Klepfer's pianoforte manufactory, and to
obtain money for establishing a factory of
liis o\vu, he travelled in Mexico, West In-
dies, and the United States in 1845-51 ;
then made pianofortes, and received first
prize at Exposition of 1855 ; resigned
at the Conservatoire in 1874. Works :
8 Concertos for pianoforte, with orchestra,
op. 34, 74, 87, 131, 180, 192, 207, 218 ; 14
Rondos, with or without orchestra, op. 2,



11, 14, 27, 33, 37, 44, Gl, G9, 73, 103 ; Fan-
taisie chevaleresque, with orchestra, op.
202 ; Grand trio for pianoforte, violin, and
violoncello, op. 54 ; Duos for 2 pianofortes,
op. 72 and 104 ; do. for pianoforte and vio-
lin, on operatic themes (with Lafout), op.
73, 75, 96, 110 ; Grande souate de bravoure,
op. 200 ; Etudes, op. 119, 151-3, 179 ; Les
coutrastes, trois grandes etudes, op. 214 ;
24 Leeons progressives, op. 20G ; Les diffi-
cultcs du piano resunu'es en dix etudes
speciales, op. 216 ; Recreations illustrees, 12
petites fautaisies caracteristiques, op. 215 ;
Caprices, nocturnes, divertissements, mor-
ceaux de salon, marches, valses, contre-
dauses variees, galops, mazurkas, etc. ; Me-
thode complete de piano, op. 100. Fe tis; do. ,
Supplement, i. 470 ; Herz, Mes voyages en
Amerique (Paris, I860); Mendel ; Schumann,
Ges. Schrifteu, i. 150, 188, 218, 233, 285 ;
Weitzmann, Gesch. d. Claviersp., 132, I.'!-".

HERZ, JACQUES (SIMON), born in
Frankfort-on-the-Main, Dec. 31, 171)4, died
at Nice, Jan. 27, 1880. Pianist, brother of
Henri Herz ; went at an early age to Paris,
where he was pupil at the Conservatoire
under Pradher. He was considered one of
the best teachers in Paris. He gave lessons
for a time in London, but returned in 1857
to Paris, to become assistant professor to
his brother at the Conservatoire. He pub-
lished a great deal of pianoforte music, be-
sides sonatas for violin, and a sonata for
horn. Fetis ; Mendel ; Weitzmauu, Ge-
schichte des Clavierspiels, 132.

HERZBERG, ANTON, born at Taruow,
Galicia, June 4, 1825, still living, 1889.
Pianist, pupil in Vienna of Booklet and
Preyer. He gave concerts iu Hungary,
Poland, and Russia, and lived in Moscow
iu 1866, as teacher of the pianoforte. He
subsequently visited Turkey, Greece, Italy,
France, England, and Holland. About 130
of his pieces were published in different
cities. He received the Order of Christ
from the King of Portugal, and an Order
from the Shah of Persia. Mendel ; do.,
Ergiiuz., 158 ; Fetis.



IIERZBERU



HEEZBEEG, WILHELM, born at Kiis-
trin, Oct. 18, 1819, died there, Nov. 1-1, 1847.
Pianist, pupil of A. W. Bach, arid Buu-
geuhagen, iu Berlin, at the Akademie der
Kiiuste, where he took several silver medals.
His name had become favourably known
by his various compositions, when his early
death, by being thrown from a horse, cut
short a life of great promise. He left in
MS. the opera Die Bergknappeu, the orato-
rio Tobias, symphonies, concertos for violin,
trios, pianoforte music, and songs. Men-
del ; Fetis.

HEEZLIEBSTEE JESU, choral iu B
minor, for Cori I and H, with accompani-
ment of flutes, oboes, and strings complete,
in Johann Sebastian Bach's I'assion nach
Matthaus, No. 3. The melody is by Joharm
Criiger (1640).

HEEZOG, JOHANN GEOEG, born at
SchiuGlz, Bavaria, Sept. G, 1822, still living,
1889. Virtuoso on the organ, pupil of Bo-
denschatz, and at the seminary iu Altdorf, of
Hen-ling. Organist at the Protestant church
in Munich in 1842 ; cantor in 1849 ; profes-
sor at the Couservatorium iu 1850 ; profes-
sor at the University of Erlangen in 1855.
Works : Handbuch fiir Organisten ; Prill u-
dien buch ; fugues, and other organ music.
Mendel ; Fetis ; do., Supplement, i. 470.

HEEZOGENBEEG, HEINEICH VON,
born at Gratz, Styria, June 10, 1843, still
living, 1889. Pianist, pupil of Dessoff at
the Couservatorium, Vienna ; lived at Gratz
until 1872, then went to Leipsic, where in
conjunction with Philipp Spitta, Franz von
Holstein, and Alfred Volkland, he founded
the Bach-Verein in 1874. In 1885 he was
called to Berlin to succeed Kiel as director
of the composition class at the academy,
with the title of professor. Works : Co-
lumbus, cantata ; Other choral works ; Sym-
phony in C minor ; Quintet, with wind in-
struments ; String quartets ; Trios ; Sonata
for pianoforte ; Allotria, for do. (4 hands) ;
Deutsches Liederspiel, etc. Eiemann.

HE SAW THE LOVELY YOUTH, cho-
rus, beginning Largo in B-flat minor, and



changing to A tempo ordinario in B-flat
major, in Handel's Theodora, Act IE., scene G.

HESDIN, PIEEEE, French composer of
the 16th century. He was recorder of the
brotherhood of Saint-Julien, in whose ar-
chives he is called a prebendary cantor.
In the accounts of the exchequer under
Henri H. (1547-1559), he is mentioned also
as a singer of the royal chapel. His mas-
ses and motets are found in the principal
collections of the time, and his chansons
frau<;aises in Attaignant's and other French
collections. Fetis ; Mendel.

HE SENT A THICK DAEKNESS, chorus
iu Handel's Israel in Egypt, No. 8, begin-
ning in F minor, and ending in E major ;
commonly known as the " Darkness cho-
rus."

HE SHALL FEED HIS FLOCK, aria for
soprano, in B-flat major, with accompani-
ment of strings complete con sordini, in
Handel's The Messiah, No. IS. This aria
stands in B-flat, and is for soprano all
through in Handel's first MS. score (Facsim-
ile, London, 1868), as it does also in Mo-
zart's and Eobert Franz's scores. But it
has long been the custom iu England and
this country to have the first half of the
aria sung in F by a contralto, and to have
the second half (from the words, Come
unto Him) sung in B-flat by a soprano.

HESIONE, tragic opera in five acts, with
a prologue, text by Dauchet, music by Cam-
pra, represented at the Academic Eoyale de
Musique, Paris, Dec. 21, 1700. The poem,
which is interesting and well calculated for
a brilliant spectacle, is full of allusions to
the times and the praises of Louis XTV.
The music of the choruses is very beautiful.
The principal characters represented are
Laomedon, Hesioue, Venus, Anchise, Tela-
mou, and Cloon. Mile Le Maure made a
great success in the role of Hesione when
the opera was reproduced thirty years later,
and after her Mile Clairon. It was given
until 1743.

HE SPAKE THE WOED, double chorus
in B-flat major iu Handel's Israel in Egypt,



JIESPEL



No. G ; commonly known as the " Flies'
chorus."

HESPEL, PIERRE JOSEPH, boru at
Touruay, beginning of the 19th century,
still living, 1889. Church composer, taught
music in his native town, where he was also
director of music in the cathedral, and be-
came director of the Societe chorale des
Odeonistes, which he helped to establish.
His choruses without accompaniment have
been very popular in Belgium. Works :
Mass a cappella ; 4 masses with orchestra ;
Stabat Mater, do.; 3 litanies, do.; 27 can-
tatas ; 55 sacred pieces with orchestra or
organ ; 20 pieces for violoncello ; Quartets
for strings ; About 100 romances and vocal
melodies ; Over 60 niorceaux de genre for
pianoforte, etc. ; Methode de piano ; Ecole
de I'iutouatiou ; Solfege coucertant a quatre
voix ; Ecole du phrase musical. Fetis, Sup-
plement, i. 470; Mendel, Ergiiuz., 157.

HESS, CHAKLES LEON, born at Lo-
rient, Jan. 28, 1844, still living, 1889. Pi-
anist, first instructed by his father, an Alsa-
t! in professor of the pianoforte, then at the
Conservatoire, Paris, pupil of Bazin and
Cliauvet. Works : La cure merveilleuse,
comic opera, Theatre Francais, Rouen. !*"."> ;
Psalm LXXVII., for soli, chorus, and orches-
tra, Theatre du Chatelet, 1876 ; Suite for
orchestra ; 20 psalms ; Collection of 10
melodies. Fetis, Supplement, i. 471.

HESSE, ADOU'll (FRIEDRICH), born
at Breslau, Aug. 'M, 1S09, died there, Aug.
5, 1863. Virtuoso on the organ and pianist,
sou of an organ builder, pupil of lierner and
E. KOhler, afterward at Weimar of Hum-
mel ; and while visiting Darmstadt and Cas-
sel, much influenced by Riuck and Spohr.
He became assistant organist at St. Eliza-
beth's, Breslau, in 1827, and organist at
St. Bernard's in 1831 ; visited Paris in 1844,
Italy in 1846, and England in 1852. In
Paris he inaugurated the new organ at
Saint-Eustache. and there, as well as after-
wards at the Crystal Palace, gave very suc-
cessful performances. Works : Tobias, ora-
torio ; cantatas ; motets ; 6 symphonies ; 4



overtures ; a string quintet ; 2 quartets ;
concerto, sonata, and other music for
pianoforte ; preludes, fugues, fantasias,
etudes, etc., for organ. Mendel ; Fetis ;
Riemann.

HESSE, ERNST CHRISTIAN, born at
Grosseu-Gottern, Thuriugia, April 14, 1676,
died at Darmstadt, May 16, 1762. Virtu-
oso on the viola di gamba, pupil in Paris
of Marin Marais and Porqueray ; returned
to Darmstadt in 1702. Travelled from
1705 to 1707, was appointed Kapellmeister
in Vienna in 1713, anil returned to Darm-
stadt in 1719, visiting Dresden, where he
appeared with rare success as a composer
and virtuoso at the court concerts. He
composed sonatas and suites for his in-
strument, besides music for other instru-
ments, and church music ; but most of this
last remains in MS. Mendel ; Fetis ; Schil-
ling.

HE THAT SHALL ENDURE. See Wer
bis an das Eude.

HETSCH, (KARL FRIEDRICH) LUD-
WIG, born at Stuttgart, April 26, 1806,
died at Mannheim, June 18 (26?), 1872.
Pianist and violinist, pupil of Abeille from
the age of six ; subsequently of Weiss. He
was destined for the church, but in 1828
abandoned his theological studies for music.
He taught in Stuttgart and was greatly
assisted by Lindpainter, through whose in-
fluence his opera, Ryno, was produced in
1833. The King of Wiirtemberg having
granted him a pension, he travelled, and
on his return, in 1835, assumed the position
of director of music at Heidelberg. He
went to Mannheim in 1846 as second Ka-
pellmeister of the court theatre. Besides
his opera he composed oratorios, sympho-
nies, ronei rtus I'm- IHMIM ifc irte and I'or \ iuhn,
the 130th psalm, divertissements for wind
instruments, pianoforte music, Lieder, and
other vocal music. Mendel ; Riemann ; Fe-
tis ; Schilling, Supplement, 205 ; Allgem. d.
Biogr., xii. 319.

HEUBERGER, RICHARD (FRANZ JO-
SEPH), born at Gratz, Styria, June 18, 1850,



HEUDIER



still living, 1889. Dramatic composer, stud-
ied music under the best masters in his na-
tive city, but became a civil engineer, and
did not devote himself to music definitely
until 1876. He was made Chormeister of
the academic Gesangverein in Vienna, and in

o

1878 also conducted the Singakademie there.
Works : Abenteuer einer Neujahrsnacht,
opera, given at Leipsic, 18SG ; Symphony ;
Nachtmusik, for orchestra, op. 7 ; Vaiia-
tions ou a theme of Schubert, for do. ; over-
ture to Byron's Cain ; rhapsody, for mixed
chorus and orchestra ; Geht es dir wohl,
cantata for soli, male chorus, and orchestra ;
songs and choruses. Riemaun.

HEUDIER, ANTOINE FRANCOIS, born
in Paris in 1782, died (?). Violinist, pupil
of Gaviuies at the Conservatoire. Chef
d'orchestre of the Theatre des Jeunes Ar-
tistes, Paris, and from 1807 of the Versailles
theatre. Works : L'heureux jour, ou les
cinq mariages, comic opera, Versailles,
1810 ; Three ballets ; several melodramas ;
Concerto for violin ; Quartets for strings.
Fetis ; do., Supplement, i. 471.

HEUBEUX QUI NE RESPIRE. See
Domino Noir.

HEURTEUR, GUILLAUME LE, French
composer of the middle of the IGth cen-
tury. He was Canon of the church of
Saint-Martin, Tours. Some of his composi-
tions are found in the MSS. of the Na-
tional Library, Paris, in a volume entitled :
Cantiques de Nostre-Dauie. His works
were published by Attaignant (Paris, 1545,
1548). Fetis.

HEUTE WIRST DU MIT MIR, duet for
alto and bass, with accompaniment of 2 viole
da gamba and continue, in Johaun Sebastian
Bach's Actus tragicus (Gotles Zeit ist die al-
lerbeste Zeit). The melody in the alto voice
is the choral, " Mit Fried' und Freud' ich
fahr' dahiu," written by Martin Luther
(1524).

HE WAS DESPISED, aria for alto, in E-
flat major, with accompaniment of strings
complete and coutiuuo, in Handel's The
Messiah, No. 21.




HE WATCHING OVER ISRAEL. See

fiii In; der Hiiter Israel's.



Online LibraryJohn Denison ChamplinCyclopedia of music and musicians (Volume 2) → online text (page 41 of 93)