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1832. Organist
and vocal com-
poser, pupil of
Nares. Assistant
organist of St.
George - the -Mar-
tyr, organist of St.
Mary's, Bungay, then at Chelmsford. Mus.
Bac., Oxford, 1792. Works : Mass ; Te De-




ums ; Anthems ; 3 sets of glees ; Canons,
songs, pianoforte pieces, including arrange-
ments of many of Handel's choruses.
Grove ; Fc-tis ; Hawkins, Hist., iv. 541 ;
Buruey, iv. 3.

HOLLAND, JOHANN DAVID, born at
Herzberg, Hanover, in 1746, died(?). Di-
rector of music in St. Catherine's, Hamburg.
Works : Die Auferstehung Christi, oratorio,
Hamburg, 1780 ; Entr'acte to Hamlet, ib.,
1790 ; Several collections of songs, and pi-
anoforte pieces. Fetis ; Gerber ; Mendel.

HOLLANDER, ALEXIS, born atRatibor,
Silesia, Feb. 25, 1840, still living, 1889.
Pianist, pupil of Karl Schuabel and Adolf
Hesse in Breslau, where he already con-
ducted a singing society formed by the
scholars of the gymnasium ; from 1858 to
1861 he studied at the Royal Academy in
Berlin under Grell and A. W. Bach, and
privately under H. Bohmer ; in 1861 he be-
came instructor at Kullak's Academy, and
in 1864 conductor of the Ciicilienvereiu.
Works : Quintet for pianoforte and strings,
pianoforte pieces, songs, and choruses.
Mendel ; Riemann.

H( tLLANDER (Christiaan Jans, called),
CHRISTIAAN DE, born probably at Dord-
recht, Holland, about 1520, died, probably
at Munich, about 1575. Contrapuntist, be-
came Kapelmeester at Oudenarde in 1549 ;
entered in 1556 the service of the Em-
peror Ferdinand I, after whose death, in
1564, he remained with Maximilian H.
Works : Cautiones vari;e, 4 to 8 voices, etc.
(Munich, 1570) ; Neue teutsche geistliche
und weltliche Liedlein, for do. (ib., 1570) ;
Triciniorum, quse turn vivae vocis, etc. (ib.,
1573) ; Neue auserlesene teutsche Lieder,
for 5 and more voices (Nuremberg, 1575) ;
Motets for 4-8 voices, in various collections.
Fetis ; Yiotta.

HOLLANDRE, CHARLES FELLX DE,
born in the province of Hainault, in the
Netherlands, about the end of the 17th cen-
tury, died at Oudenarde, April 23, 1750.
Church composer. Studied music at Mous,
where he was a choir boy in the Church of



HOLLY



St. Elizabeth, then was a pupil of the or-
ganist Plouvier at the Abbey of Cambron ; in
1734 he became Kapelmeester of the Church
of St. Walburga, Oudenarde, where his
works are preserved in MS. Among them
are 11 masses, 1 Requiem, 1 Te Deum, 12
Salve Kegiua, 12 Alma Redemptoris, 6 Ave
Regina, 7 Regina Creli. A complete list is
to be found in the Annales quoted below.
Annales de la Societe des Beaux-Arts
tie Gand, vi. 114 ; Van der Straeten, i.
205.

HOLLY, FRANZ ANDREAS, born at
B(")hmiscli-Luba in 1747, died at Breslau,
May 4, 1783. Pianist, organist, and dra-
matic composer, pupil of the Jesuit College,
Prague. He entered the Franciscan Order
as a novice, but left that body in order to
follow the musical profession. He was di-
rector of music at the Kotzentheater in
Prague until 1769, at Koch's Theatre in Ber-
lin until 1775, and then at Wiiser's in Bres-
lau. He composed a great deal of music for
the theatres with which he was connected,
notably the operettas Der Bassa von Tunis,
Die Jagd, Das Gartnermadchen, Der Zau-
berer, Das Gespenst, Gelegenheit macht
Diebe, Das Opfer der Treue, Der Patriot
anf clem Laude, Der Tempel des Schicksals,
and several others. Fetis ; Wurzbach.

HOLMES, ALFRED, born in London,
Nov. 9, 1837, died in Paris, March 4, 1876.
Violinist, pupil of his father, who was self-
taught ; played in public first with his
brother Henry, at the Haymarket Theatre,
July 13, 1847 ; visited Brussels in 1855,
Leipsic, Cassel, and other German cities in
1856-57 ; then spent two years in Sweden,
and played in Copenhagen in 1860, and in
Amsterdam in 1861. In 1864 he settled in
Paris, whence he travelled in Russia, Bel-
gium, Holland; and Germany in 1867.
Works : Inez de Castro, opera, given in
Paris, about 1875. Symphonies : Jeanne
cl'Arc, St. Petersburg, 1868 ; The Youth of
Shakspere ; Robin Hood ; The Siege of
Paris ; Charles XII. ; Romeo and Juliet.
Overtures : The Cid, and The Muses, given



in London. Grove ; Mendel ; Fetis, Sup-
plement, i. 480.

HOLMES, AUGUSTA, born in Ireland
about 1850, still living, 1889. Pianist, liv-
ing in Paris, where she has often played
at concerts. The Societe Philharmouique
produced her psalm, In exitu, in 1873, and
her Andante pastoral was played at the
Chfitelet Concerts in 1877. She has pub-
lished songs under the pseudonym Her-
mann Zenta. Other works : Hero et
Leaudre, opera, given at the Theatre clu '
Chatelet, 1874 ; Astarte, Lancelot clu Lac,
operas (MS.) ; Ireland, Poland, symphonies
for orchestra. Fetis, Supplement, ii. 1 ;
Mendel, Ergiinz., 160.

HOLMES, HENRY, born in London,
Nov. 7, 1839, still
living, 1889. Violin-
ist, brother of Alfred
Holmes, with whom
he travelled until
1865, when he went
to Copenhagen and
Stockholm, and then
settled in London.
Works : 4 sympho-
nies, No. 1, in A,
given in London, Feb. 24, 1872 ; 2 canta-
tas, Praise Ye the Lord, and Christmas ;
Violin concerto, London, Dee. 11, 1875 ;
Violin solos ; Concert overture ; 2 quintets
for stringed instruments ; Songs. Grove ;
Fetis, Supplement, i. 480 ; Mendel, Ergiinz.,
100.

HOLMES, WILLIAM HENRY, born in
Sudbury, England, Jan. 8, 1812, died in
London, April 23, 1885. Pianist, pupil at
the Royal Academy of Music ; won two
medals, and in 1826 became sub-professor
of the pianoforte there. Later he became
full professor and principal. He made his
debut as a pianist at the Philharmonic So-
ciety's Concerts in 1851, and played in con-
certs as late as 1876. He was the instructor
of Sterndale Bennett, the two Macfarrens,
and of J. W. Davison. Works : The Elfin
of the Lake, opera ; Symphonies ; Con-




HOLSTEIX



certos and sonatas for pianoforte ; Songs.

Grove.

HOLSTEIN, FRANZ (FRIEDEICH)
VON, born at Bruns-
wick, Feb. 16, 1820,
died in Leipsio, May
22, 1878. Dramatic
composer ; s o n of
an officer of high
rank, he entered the
army by his parents'
desire, and secretly
studied music under




Karl Richter. As a



young lieutenant he brought out, in a pri-
vate circle, his first opera, Zwei Niichte in
Venedig (1845), and after the campaign in
Schleswig-Holstciu composed a grand opera,
Waverley, in live acts, \vhichhe sent to Mo-
ritz Hauptmann at Leipsic, and was encour-
aged by him to adopt music as a profes-
sion. He resigned from the army in 1S53,
and became a pupil of Hauptmaun in Leip-
sic, where also he studied at the Conser-
vatorium, the pianoforte under Weuzel,
1'laiily, and Moscheles, theory and compo-
sition under Richter and Rietz. He then
travelled, was in Rome in 1S50, Berlin,
1858, Paris. 1S.Y.I, and finally settled in Leip-
sic, where he devoted himself to composi-
tion, poetry, and drawing. He always wrote
his own librettos. Works Operas : Der
Haideschacht, given at Dresden, 18G9 ; Der
Erbe von Morley, comic opera, Leipsic,
1872 ; Die Hochlander, Mannheim, 1876 ;
Lorelei, Frau Aventiure, overtures ; Bea-
t rice, scene for soprano solo with orchestra ;




Trio for pianoforte and strings, and other
chamber music ; Choruses for mixed and
male voices ; Songs. Allgem. d. Biogr.,
xiii. 1 ; Illustr. Zeitg. (1S78), ii. 249 ; Mus.
Wochenblatt, i. 261, li.so



HOLTEN, KARL VON, born in Ham-
burg, July 26, 1830, still living, 1889. Pi-
anist, pupil of Jacques Schmitt, Ave-Lalle-
meut, and Griidener, and, 1854-56, at the
Couservatorium, Leipsic, of Moscheles,
Plaidy, and Rietz. Since 1874 instructor
at the Couservatorium in Hamburg. He
has composed a Kindersvmphouie, a con-
certo for pianoforte, a trio, a sonata for
violin, pianoforte pieces, and songs. Men-
del ; Riemann.

HOLY, HOLY, HOLY ! See Heilig, h, i-
lig, heilig.

HOLYOKE, SAMUEL, born at Boxford,
Massachusetts, in 1771, died at Concord,
New Hampshire, in 1816. A graduate of
Dartmouth College, he devoted himself to
music, of which he became a noted teacher.
He was one of the earliest American com-
posers and reformers of church music, and
was among the first to discard fugued tunes,
as being uusuited to public worship. His
tune Arnheim is still sung. Works : Har-
monia Americana (Boston, 1791) ; The In-
strumental Assistant (vol. i. 1806, vol. ii.
1807, Exeter, N. H.) ; The Columbian Re-
pository of Sacred Harmony (Exeter, N. H.,
1809) ; The Massachusetts Compiler (with
Oliver Holden and Hans Gram, 1795).

HOLZBAUER, IGNAZ, born in Vienna
in 1711, died at Mannheim, April 7, 1783.
Dramatic composer, chiefly self-taught by
stinly of I'ux's Gradus ad Parnassum.
After a short visit to Venice, and having
obtained his father's consent to embrace
I music as a profession, he became Kapell-
meister to Count Rottal, in Moravia, and
in 1745 at the court theatre
in Vienna. In 1747-50 he
made a concert tour through
Italy with his wife, who was
a good singer ; then became
Kapellmeister to the Duke of
\Viirtemberg at Stuttgart, and in 1753 to
the Elector Palatine at Mannheim. He
visited Italy again in 1756 (Rome), 1757
(Turin), and 1759 (Milan), to bring out
several operas. He is reckoned among



IIOLZBOGEN



the few learned and thoroughly informed
musicians, and was highly esteemed as a
composer by Mozart. Works Operas : II
figlio delle serve, given at Schwetziugen,
1753 ; Issipile, Mannheim, 1753 ; L' Isold
disabitata, pastorale, ib., 1754 ; Don Chi-
sciotto, do., ib., 1755 ; Nitteti, Turin, 1757 ;
jHrxxandro nell' Indie, Milan, 1759 ; Ippo-
lito ed Arricia, Mannheim, 17G8 ; Adriano
in Siria, ib., 1772 ; Giinther von Schwarz-
burg, ib., 177G ; Der Tod der Dido, melo-
drama, ib., 1779 ; La clemenza di Tito, ib.,
1780 ; Le nozze d' Arianna e di Baeco, Vi-
enna, 1781 ; Taucredi, Munich, 1782 ; Ora-
torios : Isacco ; La Betulia liberata ; La
morte di Gesti ; La Giuditta ; II giudizio
di Salomone ; 26 masses with orchestra ;
37 motets, do. ; 196 symphonies, and 13
concertos for various instruments ; 18 quar-
tets for strings, etc. Allgem. d. Biogr., xiii.
2G ; Fetis ; Gerber ; Musikalische Corres-
poudeuz, Oct., 1790, 107, 132 ; Schilling ;
Wurzbach.

HOLZBOGEN, JOSEPH, died in Mu-
nich in 1779. Violinist in the court or-
chestra at Munich about the middle of the
18th century. He was sent to Italy by Duke
Clement in 1753, to complete his musical
education under Tartini, and returned to
his former position at Munich in 17G2.
His compositions, consisting of violin
concertos, trios, and quartets for wind
instruments, and church music, remain in
manuscript. Mendel ; Fetis ; Gerber ;
Schilling.

HOLZDIEB, DER (The Wood Stealer),
German comic opera, text by Friedrich
Kind, music by Heinrich Marschuer, repre-
sented in Dresden, March 22, 1825. All-
gemeine musikalische Zeitung (1825), 87.

HOLZEL, GUSTAV, born in Pesth,
Sept. 2, 1813, died in Vienna, March 3,
1883. The son of the director of the the-
atre, he made his debut as a singer at
Oedenburg, Hungary, in 1829. He sang
in Gratz in 1830 and 1832, at the imperial
opera in Vienna in 1833-37, at the Konig-
stiidter Theater in Berlin in 1837-38, and,



after a concert tour through Germany, went
to Paris in 1838, and sang at the theatre in
Zurich in 1838-40. Returning then to Vi-
enna, he became once more a member of
the imperial opera, until some liberty he
took with the text of his part at a per-
formance of Marschner's Templer uud Jii-
diu, led to his abrupt dismissal in 1801.
After this he gave concerts in Paris, Lon-
don, etc., and in 1870 visited America. In
1874 he reappeared for a short time at the
comic opera in Vienna. He wrote popular
songs, some sacred melodies, and piano-
forte pieces. Mendel, v. 256 ; Wurzbach.

HOLZHAUER, DER (The Wood-cutter),
Singspiel, by Georg Benda, first repre-
sented in Gotha, and in Berlin in 1774.

HOLZL, FRANZ SEVERED born at
Malaczka, Hungary, March 14, 1808, died
at Fiinfkirchen, ib., Aug. 18, 1884. Church
composer, pupil in Vienna of Erasmus
Kessler and of Seyffried. In 1827-30 he
was professor of thorough-bass at the Mu-
sikverein of St. Anna, then for a year in
Poland, and after his return became very
popular as a teacher. In 1841 he went as
director of the Musikverein to Innsbruck,
where he actively promoted musical life,
and in 1843 became Kapellmeister of the
cathedral at Fiiufkircheu, Hungary. For
his grand mass in D, dedicated to the Em-
peror of Austria in 1852, he received the
gold medal for art and science. Works :
Die Colonna, romantic opera (1847) ; Noah,
oratorio, performed in Vienna, 1844 ; 6
solemn masses ; 17 short do. ; 4 vocal do.
for male voices ; 6 do. for mixed voices ; 1
Grand Requiem for male voices and or-
chestra ; 5 short Requiems ; 3 Te Deums ;
13 Graduals ; 16 offertories ; 6 Tantum
ergo ; 2 Veui sancte spiritus ; 1 Ecce sacer-
dos ; 14 Vesper psalms ; 5 Vesper hymns ;
Ave maris stella, for soprano, with viola,
violoncello, and organ ; 2 concert over-
tures for orchestra ; Symphony for do. ; 7
string quartets ; 3 quintets ; 2 sonatas for
pianoforte and violin ; Choruses for male
voices ; Songs. Mouatsschrift f. Theat. u.



285



Mus. (1855), 264 ; N. Wiener Mus. Zeitg.
(1844), 44 ; Wurzbach.

HOME, SWEET HOME, melody in the
opera of Clari, or the Maid of Milan, by
Henry Rowley Bishop, first represented at
Covent Garden Theatre, London, May 8,
1823. It is called a
"Sicilian air "in the
published music, but
itmayhaveoriginated
with Bishop. It is best known through its
adaptation to the words by John Howard
Paine.

HOMEYEK, JOSEPH MAMA, born at
Luderode, in the Hartz, Sept, 18, 1814,
still living, 1889. Virtuoso on the organ.
became maestro di cappella to the Duke of
Lucca ; and afterwards organist at Du-
derstadt, Hanover. He composed sym-
phonies, organ and vocal music, and wrote
a meritorious work, entitled Cantus Gre-
gorianus. His nephew and pupil, Paul
Homeyer (born at Osterode, Oct. 20, 1853),
is also an eminent player, organist at the
Gewandhaus, and instructor at the Con-
servatorium, Leipsic. Mendel.

HOMHJUS, GOTTFRIED AUGUST,
bi>rn at Uosenthal,
Saxony, Feb.
2, 1714, died in
Dresden, June 1,
1785. Organist
and church com-
poser, p u p i 1 of
Bach, became or-
ganist at the Frau-
enkirche in Dres-
den in 1742, can-
tor at the Kreuz-

schule and director of music in the three
principal churches in 1755. He was one of
the most eminent organists and church com-
posers of the 18th century. Works : Pas-
sions-Cantate (1775) ; Die Freude der Hir-
ten iiber die Geburt Jesu, a Christmas ora-
torio (1777) ; Passion Cantata (No. 2) ;
Cantata for Pentecost, with orchestra ; do.
for Ascension ; Risuonate, cari boschi, can-



tata ; Motets for all the Sundays and Feast
days of the year ; 32 motets for 1 and 2
choirs, without orchestra ; Six German airs,
with pianoforte (Leipsic, 17G8) ; Choralbuch
in 107 Choriileu ; Choralbuch der zu Dres-
den gewohnlichen liircheuruelodien ; Six





trios for the organ ; 22 choral melodies,
varied and fugued. Most of these are in
the royal library at Berlin, and some in the
archives of the Kreuzchor at Dresden. Fe-
tis ; Gerber ; Schilling ; Winterfeld, iii. 4.'i4.

HOMMAGE A H.ENDEL, duo for two
pianofortes by Ignaz Moscheles, op. 92,
written for Cramer's concert in London,
and first performed there by the composer
and Cramer in 1822. Performed by Men-
delssohn and Ferdinand Hiller in Leipsic,
Jan. 16, 1840.

HOMME ARME, L' (Lome arme, Lomme
arme), an old French chanson the melody
of which was adopted by the composers of
the 15th and Kith centuries as the Cantus
firnms of a Mass called the Missa 1'hoinme
arme. The origin of the song is not known.
On its theme, the melody of which is sim-
ple and unpretending, many masses were
written by eminent composers. Among
those who treated it are : Guillaume Dufay,
Antoine Busnois, Regis, Firmin Caron, Jo-
hannes Tinctoris, Philippon de Bourges,
Vincent Faugues, Orto, Vaqueras, Louis
Compere, Autoine Brumel, Josquin Des-
pres, Pierre de la Rue, Mathieu Pipelare,
Cristofauo Morales, Palestrina, and Caris-
simi. Josquin's two masses on the subject
are preserved in Petrucci (lib. i., Venice,
1502 ; lib. ii., ib., 1503). Palestrina's Missa
1'homme arme, for five voices, is so con-
structed that it may be sung in triple or in
common time, the first edition (1570) giving
it iii the former and the second (Venice,
1599) in the latter. Carissinii's 12-voice
mass on the subject, probably the last one
ever written, is in the Pontifical ChapeL



SS6



HOXORIO



The title L'homme arme is given also to a
French dance tune of the 15th or 16th cen-
tury, the melody of which is wholly differ-
ent from that in the masses. Grove, ii. 126.

HONOEIO, EOMOALDO, Italian com-
poser living in the middle of the 17th
century. He was a Camaldulian monk.
Walther mentions masses and other church
music by him, and one of his motets is found
in the collection by Anibrosius Profe (Leip-
sic, 1641-46). Fetis ; Mendel.

HONOUR AND ARMS, bass aria of Ha-
rapha, in B-flat major, with accompaniment
of violins in unison, and continue, in Han-
del's Samson, Act II., Scene 4.

HONOUR AND JOY TO THE TRUE
AND THE BRAVE. See Oberon.

HOOD, HELEN (FRANCIS), born, of
American parents, in Chelsea, Mass., June
28, 1863, still living, 1889. Studied harmony
and composition under J. C. D. Parker,
John K. Paine, and G. W. Chadwick, and
pianoforte under B. J. Lang. She is now
studying in Berlin, under Philipp Schar-
weuka and others. Works : Songs, some
published by Arthur P. Schmidt & Co. (Bos-
ton), others in MS. ; Part-songs ; Chamber
music for strings in MS.

HOOK, JAMES, born at Norwich, Eng-
land, in 1746, died
at Boulogne,
France, in 1827.
Organist, pupil of
Garland, organist of
Norwich Cathedral;
settled in London,
where he was mu-
s i c a 1 director at
Maryleboue G a r -
dens in 1769-73, at

Vauxhall Gardens in 1774-1820, and many
years organist at St. John's, Horsleydown. j
He was the father of James Hook, Dean of
Worcester and writer on ecclesiastical sub-
jects, and of Theodore Edward Hook, the
noted journalist, novelist, and wit. Works
Operas : Dido, 1771 ; The Divorce, 1781 ;
Trick upon Trick, 1772 ; H Dilettante,




1772 ; Cupid's Revenge, 1772 ; Apollo and
Daphne, 1773 ; The Lady of the Manor,
1778 ; Too civil by half, 1783 ; The Double
Disguise, 1784 ; The Fair Peruvian, 1786 ;
Jack of Newbury, 1795 ; Diamond cut Dia-
mond, 1797 ; Wilmore Castle, 1800 ; Sol-
dier's Return, 1805 ; Tekeli, 1808 ; Catch
him who can, 1806 ; Music Mad, 1807 ; The
Fortress, 1807 ; The Siege of St. Quentin,
1808 ; Killing no Murder, and Safe and
Sound, 1809 ; The Country Wake ; Blanche
and Edgar ; Coralie ; The Pledge ; The
Cryer of Vauxhall ; Love and Virtue ; The
Wedding. The Ascension, oratorio, 1776 ;
Sonatas for pianoforte ; Concertos for or-
gan ; Rondos and transcriptions ; 2,000
catches, songs, and cantatas. Nearly all
his works have passed from memory, and
he is known only by a few songs, of which
Within a mile o' Ediuboro'Town, and Sweet
Lass of Richmond Hill, were among the most
popular. Grove ; Mendel ; Fetis.

HOPE ARIA. See Fidelio.

HOPFE, (HEINRICH) JULIUS, born at
Schloss-Heldrungeu, Thuringia, Jan. 18,
1817, still living, 1889. Destined for the
church, he studied music while at the
Gymnasium of Eisleben under Karnstedt
and the organist Giinthersberg, and from
1840 pupil of A. W. Bach and Rungeuha-
gen, while at the University of Berlin, where
he afterwards settled to teach the piano-
forte and harmony, and conducted several
instrumental musical societies. Works :
Die Auferweckung des Lazarus, oratorio
(1850) ; Church cantatas ; Symphonies ;
Overtures ; Quintet for strings ; Trio and
other chamber music ; Pianoforte pieces
and songs. He published a Choralbuch,
and 2 Pianoforte methods. Mendel.

HOPFFER, (LUDWIG) BERNHARD,
born in Berlin, Aug. 7, 1840, died at Nie-
derwald, near Riidesheiin, Aug. 21, 1877.
Dramatic composer ; pupil at Kullak's acad-
emy (1857-60) of Kullak on the pianoforte,
Wohlers and Espenhahu on the violoncello,
and of Dehn and Wiierst in theory and com-
position. He travelled in Southern Ger-



HOPKINS




many, Switzerland, and Italy in 1872-75.
Works : Fritbjof, opera, given in Berlin,
1871 ; Barbarossa, Festspiel, ib., 1871 ; Sa-
kuutala ; Der Student von Prag, comic op-
era ; Pbarao, for soli, chorus, and orches-
tra ; Dart hulas Grabgesang, for do. ; The
23d Psalui, for do. ; Symphonies, overtures,
chamber music, and songs. Fetis, Supple-
ment, ii. 3 ; Mendel.

HOPKINS, (EDWARD) JEROME, born
iu Burlington, Ver-
mont, April 4, 1836,
still living, 1889.
The son of John
Henry Hopkins,
Bishop of Vermont,
he was a student at
the University of
Vermont and after-
wards studied chem-
istry at the New York Medical College. He
is self-taught in music, has been editor of
several music publications, and was the
fi milder in 18G1 of the Orpheou Free
Schools in New York. Works : Samuel,
cantata for children, 1877 ; Dumb Love,
operetta for do., 1878; Taffy and old
Munch, do. ; Festival Vespers, for boy choir,
2 chorus choirs, 1 echo choir, soli, 2 organs,
and harp obligate, lS7(i-77 ; Andante gra-
zioso in (I, Adagio cantabile in D, Allegro
moderate) iu A, Siciliano in G, and other
pianoforte music ; Snugs.

HOPKINS, EDWARD JOHN, born at
Westminster, London,
June 30, 1818, still liv-
ing, 1889. Organist,
pupil of T. F. Walinis-
Icy. became organist of
Mitcham Church, 1834,
of St. Peter's, Isling-
ton, 1838, of St. Luke's,
London, 1841, and of
Temple Church, ib.,
1843. Mus. Doc., Cam-
bridge, 1882; do.,
Trinity College, Toronto, 1886. Professor
of organ at Royal Normal College for the '




Blind, Upper Norwood, London. Works :
Morning and Evening service in F ; do. in
A ; do. in B-flat ; Morning service in C ;
Te Deum in A-flat ; Anthems ; Madrigals,
songs, and organ compositions. His brother
John (born, 1822), organist of Rochester
Cathedral since 1856, has composed an-
thems, organ music, and songs.

HOPKINS, JOHN LARKIN, bora,
Westminster, London, in 1820, died at
Ventnor, Isle of Wight, April 25, 1873.
Organist, cousin of preceding, was a chor-
ister in Westminster Abbey, and became
organist of Rochester Cathedral in 1841, of
Trinity College, Cambridge, and the Uni-
versity, in 1856. Mus. Bac., Cambridge,
1842 ; Mus. Doc., ib., 1867. Works : Ser-
vices in C and E-flat ; Te Deum in G ; An-
thenis ; 5 glees and a madrigal ; Songs and
part-songs.

HOPPNER, KARL MAGNUS, born at
Hi-ida, near Riesa, Saxony, Aug. 6, 1837,
still living, in Dresden, 1889. Organist,
pupil of Friedrich Wieck, Charles Mayer,
Julius Otto, and Johann Schneider. Works :
Overture, Dresden, 1864 ; Sonatas for pi-
anoforte ; Organ music, mostly in MS.
Mendel.

HORACES, LES (The Horatii), lyric
tragedy iu three acts, text by Guillard after
Corueille, music by Salieri, represented at
the Academic Royale de Musique, Paris,
Dec. 7, 1786. Same text, music by Porta,
Opera, Paris, Oct. 18, 1800. Lajarte, i.
353 ; ii. 18.

HORAK, VACLAV EMANUEL, born at
Mscheuo-Lobes, Bohemia, Jan. 1, 1800, died
in Prague, Sept. 4, 1871. Organist, church
composer, and writer on music, pupil of
Josef Schubert ; was a good organist at the
age of twelve. He entered the Gymnasium
at Prague in 1813, and while there sang in
the choirs and played the organ in different
churches, at the same time studying com-
position and theory from the works of Tiirk,
Vogler, Albrechtsberger, and Cherubini.
He became a favourite teacher, and in 1833
organist of the Theiukirche, in 1836 choir-



ass



HORCII



director of the Church of Maria-Schnee, in
1853 of the Aclalbertskirche, and iu 1859
again at the Theiukirche. In Bohemia he
was considered one of the most sterling and
productive church composers of modern
times. Works : 11 masses, and a Requiem
for voices and orchestra, besides two masses
and two Requiems for voices only ; Te
Deum, graduals, offertories, etc. He pub-
lished a work on harmony (Leipsic, 1846).
Heindl, Gallerie der beruhmten Piidago-
gen, etc. (Munich, 1859), i. 294 ; Mendel ;
Wurzbach.

HORCH, LIEBCHEN, HORCH ! See
Stradetta.

HORE, ISRAEL, aria for soprano, in B
minor, in Mendelssohn's Eiias, No. 21.

HORN, AUGUST, born at Freiberg, Sax-
ony, Sept, 1, 1825, still living, 1889. Com-
poser, pupil at the Leipsic Conservatorium ;
has lived in Leipsic with the exception of
the years 18G2-G8, which he passed in Dres-
den. He has made a name by his clever
arrangements of symphonies, operas, etc.,
for the pianoforte for four and eight hands,
and for two pianofortes ; he composed also
overtures for orchestra, pianoforte pieces



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