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anist, brother of Louis Emmanuel, pupil of
his father, Jean Jadiu, and of Hiillmaudel ;
| professor of pianoforte at the Conservatoire



331



JADIN



from its foundation. He played with great j
success at the Concerts Feydeau in 1796-
97. Works : Overture for wind instru-
ments ; 4 concertos for pianoforte and or-
chestra ; 12 quartets for strings, op. 1, 2, 3,
4 ; 6 trios for do. ; 3 books of sonatas for
violin and pianoforte ; 5 sonatas for piano-
forte ; Sonata for do. (4 hands). Fetis.

JADIN, LOUIS EMMANUEL, born at
Versailles, Sept. 21, 1768, died in Paris,
April 11, 1853. Dramatic composer, son of,
and first instructed on the violin by, Jean
Jadin, who was page de la musique to Louis
XVI. ; then pupil of his brother Hyacinthe
on the pianoforte. In 1789 he became ac-
companist at the Theatre de Monsieur, just
organized, and in 1792 joined the band
of the national guard, for which he com-
posed many marches, hymns, and patri-
otic airs. In 1802 he succeeded his brother
as professor at the Conservatoire, in 1806 !
became chef d'orchestre at the Tin Vitiv
Moliere, and in 1814-30 was master of the
myal music pages. Legion of Honour in
IS'24. AVorks Operas: Constance et Ger-
mond, given at the Theatre des Jeuues Ar-
171)0 ; La religieuse danoise, ou la
communaute de Copenhague, 1791 ; Le due
ilr \Volt /.a, TlnVitiv Montansier, Le coucou,
ib., 1798; Les trois pivti n-lu-,. ib., 1805;
Joconde, Theatre de Monsieur, 1790 ; La
suite d' Annette et Lubiu, ib., 1791 ; II Si-
guor di Pursognac, Ainrlie de Montfort, L'a-
vare puni, ib., 1792 ; Alisbelle, oules crimes
de la feodaliti', Th.Vitre National, 1794 ;
Les talismans, Tin' at re des Amis de la Patrie,
17'.i:i ; Le heros de la Durance, ou Agricole
Viala, ib., 1794 ; Le coin du feu, Le con-
gers des rois (in collaboration with others),
Thratre Favart, 1793 ; Le negociant de Bos-
ton. LVeolier en vacances, ib., 1794 ; Le
Cabaleur, La supercherie par amour, ib.,
1795; Le mariage de la veille, ib., 179(J ;
Les deux lettres, ib., 1797 ; L'apotht'ose du
jeune Barra, TluVitre Feycleau, 1791! ; Le
lendetnaiu de noces, ib., 179G ; Cautlos, ou
les sauvages du Canada, Les bous voisins,
ib., 1797 ; Le grand-pere, ou les deux ages,



ib., 1805 ; La partie de campagne, ib., 1810 ;
L'auteur malgre lui, ou la piece tombee,
ib., 1812 ; L'inconuu, ou le coup d'epee via-
ger, ib., 1816 ; Faufau et Colas, ib., 1822 ;
L'heureux stratageme, Academic Itoyale de
Musique, 1791 ; Le siege de Thionville, ib.,
1793 ; Mahomet II., ib., 1803 ; Mon cousin de
Paris, Theatre des Varic'tes, 1810 ; Guerre
ouverte, ou ruse centre ruse, Theatre de la
Cour, 1788 ; Les arts et 1'amitu', Opera Co-
mique, 1807 ; Hj 7 inne a J. J. Rousseau,
1794. Cantatas : Le chant de 1'esclave af-
franchie, Opera, 1794 ; Hommage a Marie-
Louise, 1810 ; Le serment fran9ais, Tln'a-
tre Feydeau, 1814 ; La fete du roi, Opera,
1817; Le sermenfc des gardes, ib., 1821;
Les defeuseurs de la foi, 1822 ; Choruses
with orchestra ; La bataille d'Austerlitz,
symphony for full orchestra ; Symphonic
militaire, for wind instruments ; 2 over-
tures for do. ; Suites for do. ; 3 concertos
for pianoforte with orchestra ; Sextets, quin-
ti'ts, and other chamber music ; Sonatas,
duos, fantaisies, etc., for pianoforte and
other instruments ; 14 collections of airs for
one voice, and of romances, nocturnes, etc.,
for 2 voices. Fetis ; do., Supplement, ii.
18 ; Gerber.

JADIS RKGNAIT EN NORMANDIE.
SIT Jtnlifrl le Diable.

JAELL, ALFKED, born at Trieste,
March 5, 1832, died
in Paris, Feb. 27,
1882. Virtuoso ou
the pianoforte, son
and pupil of the vio-
linist Eduard Jaell
(director of music in
Vienna, died in Sep-
tember, 1849), then
pupil of Czerny in

Vienna. He appeared in public at Venice
when only eleven, played with success in
Milan, Vienna, Munich, Stuttgart, and Co-
logne, lived in Brussels in 1845-46, in Paris
and Holland in 1847-49, then travelled in
America, in Germany, Poland, Russia, and
Italy in 1854-60, in England, 1862; be-




32-1



JA



came court pianist to the King of Hanover
in 1856, lived in Holland and Paris in
18CO-62, Vienna, 18G3, and accompanied
Carlotta Patti on her concert tour in 1864-
G5. In 18G6 lie married the pianist Marie
Trautmann, with whom he travelled, princi-
pally in France, winning new laurels in
Paris, 1875-7G. Works : Potpourris ; Tran-
scriptions ; Fantasias and caprices on opera
airs ; Morceaux de salon. Fetis, Supple-
ment, ii. 19 ; Mendel ; Wurzbach ; Hanslick,
Conzertwesen in "\Vien, ii. 187 ; Illustr.
Zeitg. (1858), 383.

JA, ES SOLLEN WOHL BERGE, bass
arioso of Elias, with oboe obligate, in Fmajor,
in Mendelssohn's Elias, Part II. (No. 37).

JAFF, MORITZ, born at Poseu, Jan.
3, 1835, still living, 1889. Violinist, pupil
in Berlin of Ries on the violin, and of Biih-
mer in theory, then in Paris (1858) of
Maurin and Massard on the violin, and of
Hauptner in composition, finally in Berlin
of Laub, and of Wiierst and Bussler in
counterpoint and instrumentation. In com-
pliance with his father's wishes, he was a
business man until 1870, when he devoted
himself exclusively to music. Works : Das
Kathchen von Heilbroun, opera, given at
Augsburg, 18GG ; Eckehard, do., Berlin,
1875 ; Quartet for strings ; Reverie, and
other music for violin ; Songs. Mendel.

JAGAETE, MANGEL, born in Spain
about 1796, died at St. Sebastian in 1819.
Violinist, studied at Bordeaux, and became
a finished performer. His most important
works were a Requiem mass, given at St.
Sebastian in commemoration of August 31,
1813, and the opera, L' Infante di Zamora
(Madrid, posthumous). Fetis, Supplement,
ii. 19.

JAGD, DIE, German Singspiel in three
acts, text by Chr. Fr. Weisse, on La caccia
d' Eurico IV., music by Johanu Adam Hiller,
first represented in Leipsic in 1771. Per-
formed in Berlin, Nov. G, 1813. It is the
most popular of Killer's fourteen Siugspiele,
and is still performed. Allgein. mus. Zei-
tuug (15), 741.



JAGER, FRANZ, born in Vienna in 179G,
died at Stuttgart, May 10, 1852. Tenor
singer and vocal composer. A poor cob-
bler, he was heard singing at his work by
Weigl, who recognized his talent and
taught him singing. He made his debut
at Vienna as Ramiro in Isouard's Aschen-
brodel in 1817, and was considered the
best singer in Vienna until 1824, when he
went to Berlin. He was in Stuttgart in
1828, in Munich in 1831 ; was appointed
teacher of singing at the royal theatre of
Stuttgart, when his voice was in the de-
cline, in 183G. He composed about 25
Lieder, the best known of which, Dei-
Traum des ersteu Kusses, was popular long-
after his death. Mendel ; Fetis ; Wurzbach.

JAGUARITA LTNDIENNE, French ope-
ra-comique in three acts and four tableaux,
text by De Saint-Georges and De Leuveu,
music by Halevy, first represented at the
Theatre Lyrique," Paris, May 14, 1855. Pub-
lished by Bote & Bock (Berlin, 1855-59).
Revue et Gazette Musicale de Paris (1855),
153.

JAHN, OTTO, born at Kiel, June 1C,
1813, died at Giittiugen, Sept. 9, 18G9.
Writer on art and music, and vocal com-
poser. He studied at Kiel, Leipsic, and
Berlin, travelled, 1836-39, in France and
Italy, then settled at Kiel as private instruc-
tor of philology ; became professor of ar-
chseology at Greifswald in 1842, director of
the archaeological Museum at Leipsic in
1847, was dismissed for political reasons in
1851, and appointed professor of classical
philology and archieology, and director of
the art museum at Bonn in 1855. His Life
of Mozart contains an interesting description
of the state of music during the period im-
mediately preceding that master's time. He
published an essay on Mendelssohn's Paulus
(Kiel, 1842), and other interesting musical
essays. As a composer he is favourably
known by four collections of original songs,
and a book of four-part songs for mixed
voices. Allgem. d. Biogr., xiii. 668 ; Kuust-
Chronik, v. 19 ; Mendel ; Riemaun.



JAIIXS



JAHNS, FRffiDRICH WILHELM, Lorn
in Berlin, Jan. 2, 1809, died there, Aug. 8,
1888. Instrumental and vocal composer,
singer, and pianist, pupil of Charles De-
troit on the pianoforte, of Edunrd Grell
and Stiimer in singing, and of Louis Hor-
zizky on the pianoforte and in theory. He
sang at an early age in the chorus of the
royal opera, won applause as a concert
singer, and became a favorite vocal teacher
in Berlin, where he trained more than 900
pupils. In 1845 he founded a singing
society, and was its conductor until De-
cember, 1870. In 1849 he was appointed
royal director of music, in 1870 professor,
and from 1881 was instructor of rhetoric
in Scharwenka's Conservatorium. He ac-
quired a lasting reputation by his espe-
cial enthusiasm for Weber, which led him
to accumulate a unique collection of that
composer's works, now in the royal library
at Berlin. His volume, C. M. von Wi bra-
in seinen Werken, is the best publir:it IM
on that composer, and a model as a thematic
catalogue ; it was followed in 1873 by a
sketch of Weber's life. His arrangements
for the pianoforte, of other composers'
works, rank among the very best, and those
of Weber's compositions are again the most
important. Works : Trio for pianoforte and
strings, op. 10; Grand sonata for piano-
forte and violin, op. 32; Grand duo for pi-
anoforte and violoncello, op. 33 ; Heeres-
Auszug and Heimkehr, 2 festival marches
for pianoforte (4 hands), op. 49 and 50 ;
Over 150 vocal compositions for one and
more voices, including several for the
church. Mendel ; Fetis, Supplement, ii. 18.

JAHRESZEITEN, DEE (The Seasons),
symphony in B minor by Spohr, op. 14;i,
first performed in Cassel in 1850. Part I.
Winter, transition to spring, Spring ; Part
II. Summer, transition to autumn, Autumn.
First performed by the New York Philhar-
monic Society in the season of 1853-54.
The composer's ninth symphony. Pub-
lished by C. F. Peters (Leipsic). Spohr,
Autobiography, ii. 295.



JAHRESZEITEN, DIE, oratorio, text
by Baron van Swieten, from Thomson's
"The Seasons," music by Haydn, com-
posed between 1798 and 1801, and similar
in form to both oratorio and cantata. First
performed at the Schwarzenberg Palace,
Vienna, by the private orchestra of the
Prince, April 24, 1801, and repeated April
27, and May 1. On May 29 Haydn con-
ducted this work in public in the Kedou-
teusaal, Vienna, and in December, 1801,
gave the original score to the Tonkiiustler
Societtit of Vienna. The work is divided
into four parts : Spring ; Summer ; Au-
tumn ; and Winter. Characters represented :
Simon, a farmer ; Jane, his daughter ; Lu-
cas, a shepherd, and a chorus of country
people and hunters. Published in Vienna
1802-3 ; by dementi in 1813. An edition
\v;is published by the Rev. John Webb, and
one by Prof. E. Taylor (London, 1840-41).
A selection from Spring was given at the
Birmingham Festival (England) in 1817,
and Spring and Summer were produced
there in 1820. Performed entire by the
Sacred Harmonic Society, London, Dec.
~>. is.-il, Miss Birch, Mr. Loekey and Mr.
Philips appearing. First sung by the Han-
del and Haydn Society of Boston, April 28,
1875. AUgem. runs. Zeitung (3), 575 ; (fi),
513; AtheiKcum (1851), 1318; Hanslirk.
Conzertweseu in Wien, ii. 230 ; Upton,
Standard Oratorios, 170.

JAKABOWSKI, EDUARD, dramatic
composer, contempor-
ary, lives in London.
He is author of Er-
minie, a musical com-
edy, text by Harry
Paulton, first repre-




sented at the Comedy
Theatre, London, Nov.
9, 1885. The libretto
is borrowed from
L'auberge des Adrets,
a drama by Daumier,

the English adaptation of which, entitled
Robert Macaire, was made by Charles Selby.



324



JAMBE-DE-FER



Erminie was first given in New York, at the
Casino, March 10, 18SG ; and it has since
been performed, there and elsewhere in the
United States, by two companies, more than
1,500 times. Another operetta by Jaka-
bowski, entitled Paolo, text also by Paul-
ton, is announced as in preparation.

JAMBE-DE-FER, PHILIBERT, French
composer of the IGth century, born at
Lyons. Ho was one of the early professors
of the Reformed religion, and lived some
time at Poietiers, where he composed mu-
sic for Jean Poictevin's translation of the
Psalms (1549). It is not known whether
he was one of the victims of St. Bartholo-
mew's Day (1572), or whether he died be-
fore that date. He set the music to Les
cent et cinquaute psaulmes de David mis
en rimes franchises par Clement Marot et
Tlu'odore de Bozo (Paris, 15G1 ; Lyons,
1564). Fetis ; Mendel ; Gerber ; Schilling.

JAMES I., King of Scotland, born at
Dunfermliue in 1394, murdered at Perth,
Feb. 21, 1437. Virtuoso on the harp, and
seven other instruments, composer and poet
of sacred and national songs. He greatly
improved the church music of the Scots,
and has been credited, though without good
reason, as the inventor of the Scottish style
of melody. Archwologia Scotica, i. 471.

JAN (Janus), MARTIN, born at Merse-
burg in 1620, died at Ohlau in 1682. His
first known work is Musikalische Jubel-
freude for 7, 10, 15, 20, 22, 24, and more
voices, and basso continuo, in 1, 2, 3, 4,
5, and G choirs, preserved in the library of
Kunigsberg. As a candidate of theology
he was cantor and music director in both
churches of Sorau, and rector of the evan-
gelical school in Sagan in 1653, where he
published a dirge in 1654. He was cantor
also of the church near the Ecksdorf Gate,
and afterwards pastor. In 1668 he was
driven from Sagan with the other Lutheran
ministers, and later became cantor in Ohlau.
His Passiouale melicum (1652), and his
hymn, Jesu meiner Seelen Wonne, com-
posed in 1668 and published in 1671, made



his name known throughout Germany.
Gerber (1790), i. G85 ; Allgern. d. Biogr.,
xiii. 710 ; Mendel ; do., Ergiiuz., 168 ; Win-
terfeld, ii. 559.

JANCOURT, LOUIS MARIE EUGENE,
born at Chateau-Thierry (Aisne), France,
Dec. 15, 1815, still living, 1889. Bassoon
player, pupil at the Paris Conservatoire
from 1834 under Gebauer ; won 1st prize
for bassoon, 1836. In 1848 he became
professor of the bassoon at the Brussels
Conservatoire ; then played at the Opera
Comique and the Italiens, Paris, and later
professor at the Paris Conservatoire. He
has effected many important changes in the
mechanism of his instrument, and has writ-
ten much music for it, as well as for military
band. Fetis ; do., Supplement, ii. 21 ; La-
rousse.

JANIEWICZ (Yaniewicz), FELIX, born
at "Wilna about 1761, died at Edinburgh
in 1848. Violinist and composer. Visited
Italy ; later went to Paris, where he ap-
peared at the Concerts Spirituels and at the
Olympian concerts. About 1792 he went
to London and played in Salomon's and
Rauzziui's concerts, and was one of the
thirty original members of the London
Philharmonic Society. He settled in Edin-
burgh in 1815. Works : Concertos for vio-
lin and orchestra ; Trios for violin. Fetis ;
Grove ; Sowiuski, 585.

JANITSCH, ANTON, born in Switzer-
land in 1753, died at Steiufurt, Westphalia,
March 12, 1812. Violinist, played so well
when twelve years old that his father sent
him to Turin to study for two years under
Pugnani. In 1769 he was engaged as Cou-
zertmeister by the Elector of Treves ; his
fame as violinist had spread, and he entered
the service of the Count of Oettiugen-Wal-
leustein, but soon after left it to accept the
more advantageous position as orchestra
director at Grossman's theatre in Hanover,
where he remained until 1794, and then
became Kapellmeister to the Count of
Burgsteiufurth. Of his compositions for
violin, generally commended, only two con-



JAXITSCII



certos and a trio were published. Fetis;
Mendel ; Schilling.

JANITSCH, J OH ANN GOTTLIEB,
born at Schweidnitz, Silesia, June 19, 1708,
died in Berlin in 1763. Double-bass player,
and church composer, studied music in the
college of Breslau ; went to Frankfort-on-
the-Oder to study law, and while there com-
posed some of his best music. He was
secretary to the minister von Happe, sub-
sequently Kapellmeister to the Crown
Prince, afterwards Friedrich II., and went
with him to Berlin in 1740, where he was
appointed director of the Redoutenmusik.
Works : 10 sacred cantatas ; Quartets ;
Serenades ; Te Deum. His funeral music
was much used on public occasions. Fetis ;
Gerber ; Schilling.

JANKE, GUSTAV, born in Berlin. Nov.
22, 1838, still living, 1889. Pianist and
violinist, pupil at Stern's Couservatorium,
Berlin, where he has been instructor of pi-
anoforte since 18G1. He was solo player
at the Stern concerts in 1874-75, and con-
ducted these concerts also during that time.
He has composed studies and other compo-
sitions for the pianoforte, music for the
choir of the royal church, Berlin, and Lie-
der, and lias arranged several classical
works for orchestra. Mendel.

TAXXACONI (Janacconi, Jannacconi),

Cll SKI'l'K. 1 in Rome, in 1711. died

there, March 16, 1816. Church composer,
one of the last of the Roman school, pupil
of Soccorso Rinaldini, and Gaetano Car-
pini. Allied in close friendship with
1'asijuale Pisari, he arranged with him in
score a great portion of Palestrina's works,
with such thorough knowledge and skill as
to be declared by Pisari the most worthy
to propagate the traditions of the old Ro-
man school. He established a school for
composition, which was much frequented
by Italians as well as foreigners, and pro-
duced such pupils as Baiui and Francesco
Basili. In 1811 he was appointed maestro
di eappella at St. Peter's, succeeding Zin-
garelli. Works : Mass for 16 voices ; 16



masses for 4-8 voices with organ ; 8 do.
for several voices and instruments ; 3 do.
for 4 voices a eappella ; 2 do. for tenor and
bass ; Mass for soprano and bass ; Pastoral
mass ; Te Deum for 16 voices ; Magnificat,
Dixit Domiuus, Tu es Petras, for do. ; 32
psalms for 4-8 voices ; 10 do. with orches-
tra ; 12 motets for 2-6 voices ; 4 do. for 4
voices ; 57 offertories and anthems for 3-8
voices ; L' Agouia di Gesii Christo, oratorio
for 2 tenors and bass ; Ecce terrse motus,
for 6 bass voices ; Affereutur Regi, for 4
voices, and 2 choruses ; Canon for 64 voices ;
2 canons for 16 voices ; other canons, etc.
All these are in the Santini Collection,
Rome. Fetis; Mendel ; Schilling.

JAX-\K(,)UIX (Janequin, Jenuekiu), CLE-
MENT, Belgian or French contrapuntist
of the 16th century. A pupil of Josquiu
Despres, he was a follower of Gombert in
the art of writing descriptive music ; seems
to have been director of church music at
Lyons, and first a Catholic, then a Calviu-
ist Works : Motets (Paris, 1533) ; French
songs (Paris, 1537) ; Cauzoni francesi (Ven-
ice, 1538) ; Inventions musicales (Lyons,
1544) ; Le caquet des femmes ; Le chant du
rossignol ; Le chant de 1'alouette ; La chasse
au cerf; Labataille, on defaite des Suisses a
la journee de Marignan ; Voulez ouyr les cris
de Paris ; Many collections of songs ; Church
music, psalms, etc. Fetis ; Mendel ; Rie-
mann.

.1AXSA, LEOPOLD, born at Wilden-
schwert, Bohemia, in 1797 (or 1794 ? ), died
in Vienna, Jan. 25, 1875. Violinist, first in-
structed in his native town by one Jahada,
and the organist Zizius, his cousin, then
studied at Briinn, and in 1817 went to Vi-
enna to study law, but two years after
devoted himself to music, which he had
already taught, and became a pupil of
Worzischek on the violin, and of Emauuel
Forster in thorough-bass and composition.
Soon esteemed as a virtuoso next to Mayse-
der and Bjhm, he went to Hungary in
1823 as chamber musician to the Count von
Brunswick, and in 1824 entered the imperial



32U



JAN SEN



orchestra in Vienna ; was appointed direc-
tor of music, and professor of the violin in
the University of Vienna in 1834. Having
assisted at a concert for the benefit of
the Hungarian insurgents in London, in
1849, he was exiled, and lived in London,
teaching the violin and playing in concerts
until 1808, when he returned to Vienna.
Works : 4 concertos for violin and orches-
tra ; Rondeau concertant for 2 violins and
do., op. 33 ; 8 quartets for strings, op. 8,
12, and 44 ; 3 trios for do., op. 41 ; 36
duos for violins, op. 16, 36, 43, 46, 47, 50 ;
many soli, fantaisies, airs varies, etc., for vio-
lin, with pianoforte ; 2 cantatas ; Graduale
for 4 male voices, op. 6 ; Offertory for tenor
and violin solo, chorus, and orchestra, op.
17. Fetis ; Mendel ; Schilling ; Wasie-
lewski, Die Violine, 358 ; Wurzbach.

JANSEN, GUSTAV, born at Dortmund,
Westphalia, in 1817, still living, 1889. Pi-
anist, pupil of his father ; studied in 1840
in Berlin, where he became a teacher. In
1849 he went to London with Lord West-
moreland, but after a few years returned to
Berlin, where he has since resided. Works :
Auliaug zu Beethoven's Clavier Sonateu,
(1861) ; Collections of Lieder with piano-
forte accompaniment, of which the Goethe
Album (1863) is the best. Mendel ; F6tis,
Supplement, ii. 22.

JANSEN, GUSTAV F., born at Jever,
Hanover, Dec. 15, 1831, still living, 1889.
Composer, pupil at Leipsic of Coccius on
the pianoforte, and Eiccius in harmony.
Went to Gottingeii to teach music, became
organist of the cathedral at Verden in 1855 ;
received the title of Music Director from
the King of Hanover in 1861. Works :
Pianoforte music ; Songs ; Transcriptions for
the pianoforte. Mendel.

JANSEN, JOHANN ANTON FRIED-
RICH, born in Germany of Danish parent-
age, died in Milan in April, 1827. Pianist,
studied in Vienna. He went to Venice as
music teacher, and thence to Milan in 1817,
but was very unsuccessful, lived in want
and misery, and died actually of hunger.



Works : Sonatas for pianoforte ; Rondeanx,
polonaises, airs varies, for do. ; Themes
varies for violin, with quartet ; Various
pieces for wind instruments. Fetis ; Schil-
ling ; Wurzbach.

JANSON, JEAN BAPTISTS AD IK
JOSEPH, born at Valenciennes in 1742,
died in Paris, Sept. 2, 1803. Violoncellist,
pupil of Berteau. He was first heard in pub-
lic at the Concerts Spirituels in 1766. In
the following year he travelled through Italy
with the hereditary prince of Brunswick, re-
turned to Paris in 1771, then visited Ger-
many, Denmark, Sweden, and Poland, and
returned to Paris again in 1789. When the
Conservatoire was founded he was appointed
professor, but lost his position at the time
of the reorganization in 1802, and is said
to have died of grief. He formed excellent
pupils. Works : 6 quartets for strings, op.
1 ; 6 concertos for violoncello and bass, op.
3 & 7 ; 6 sonatas for do., op. 4 ; 6 concertos
for violoncello with orchestra, op. 15. His
brother and pupil, Louis Auguste Joseph
(born at Valenciennes, July 8, 1749, died in
Paris, about 1818) (?), also an excellent vio-
loncellist, went to Paris in 1783, and was a
member of the Opera orchestra in 1789-1815.
He published 6 sonatas for violoncello and
bass ; 6 trios for strings. Futis ; Mendel.

JANSSENS, JEAN FRANCOIS JO-
SEPH, born in Antwerp, Jan. '29, 1801,
died there, Feb. 3, 1835. Dramatic com-
poser, pupil of his father (director of music
at St. Charles's, Antwerp), and of de Lceuw,
(Kapelmeester of St. Paul's Church), then in
Paris pupil of Lesueur. On his return, he
studied law to gratify his family, was notary
at Hobokeu, near Antwerp, in 1826, at Ber-
chem, in 1829, and at Antwerp, in 1831 ;
but devoted much of his time to composi-
tion. During the siege of Antwerp, in 1832,
he went to Cologne where, losing his manu-
scripts and other valuables in a fire, which
broke out on the night of his arrival, he
lost his mind and died soon after. His worth
as a composer was recognized after his
death. Van der Straeteu published a bio-



327



JAPART



graphy in which a full list of his works is
given. Works Operas : Le pure rival, La
jolie fiancee, given at Antwerp, 1824 ; Les
trois hussards, Gillette cle Narbomie, un-
published ; Les Grecs, on Missolonghi,
cantata with orchestra ; Winterarmoede,
do. ; Le roi, ode ; Le lever du soleil, sym-
phony for grand orchestra ; Symphony
(prize at Ghent) ; 5 masses for voices
and orchestra ; Te Deum for do., with
chorus; About 25 motets, psalms, hymns,
and anthems, with orchestra ; Romances.
Genard, Jansseus (Antwerp, 1859) ; Hend-
rickx, Simple histoire. Boutades biogra-
phiques, etc. (ib., I860) ; Van der Straeten,
J. F. J. Jausseus (Brussels, 18GG).

JAPART, JEAN, Belgian composer of the
15th century who lived in Italy. He was a
singer in the royal chapel of the Duke of
1-Vrrara, and was a colleague of Josquin Des-
pn'-s, who dedicated to him a chanson fran-
c/nisi' \\hieh is still in existence. Little
else is known of Japart ; his compositions,
which display all the mannerisms common



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