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tier Breuneu ; Bitten uud Erhorung, ib.,
1783 ; Die Feier der Guade des KiJnigs ;
Der bliude Ekemann ; Der Talisman ; Rosa-
niunde, melodrama ; Several ballets ; Ora-
torios : Der Tod Ludwig's XVI. ; Jesus lei-
deud uiul sterbend ; Masses ; Requiem ;
Vespers, etc. Dlabacz ; FtJtis; Mendel;

KVFFKA, WILHELM, born in the latter
part of the 18th century. Violinist, sou
and pupil of Joseph Kaffka (1730-179(5),
and like him member of the orchestra of the
Prince of Thurn und Taxis, 1788 ; became
Ciiii/ertnicister in 180(5. He was consid-
(iid one of the best concert and orcln -tni
players of his time. He composed masses
and other church music, never published,
but popular throughout Bavaria. Mendel ;
Gerber ; Schilling.

Neustadt, Bohemia, May 17, 1819, died in
Vienna, Oct. 23, 1S8(>. Pianist, law stu-
dent in Vienna in 18 K) ; took up the pro-
fession of music, and became known by
small but brilliant compositions for the
drawing-room, of which he published up-
wards of 200 pieces in Vienna, Leipsic, etc.
Fetis, Supplement, ii. 36 ; Mendel.

GUST, born at Sommerfeld, Silesia, July
20, 1781, died at /(illicbau in 1834. Church
composer, pupil at Sorau of Erselius on the
organ, and from 1798 of Thiele on the vio-
lin, then (1802) at Lubbeu of the violoncel-

list Schonebeck, at Copenhagen of Schall,
and in composition of Kunzen. He returned
to his native city in 1804, became music
director to the Count von Dohua, at Mall-
miitz ; in 1809 went to Breslau for three
years iu hope of restoring his health ; thence
in 1812 to Peterswaldau, near Reichenbach,
as a school teacher and organist, and in
1815 became director of music of the Piida-
gogium and Seminary at Ziillichau, where
he founded a singing society and conducted
the weekly winter concerts. Works : Can-
tata for the anniversary of the Reformation
(1829) ; Other cantatas, motets, choruses,
etc., for the church ; 15 four-part songs with
organ or pianoforte, for do. ; Symphony for
orchestra ; Overture for do. ; Concerto for
violin and orchestra ; Do. for bassoon ; Sev-
eral concei'tos for pianoforte ; Sonatas, and
variations for do. ; Duos for viola and vio-
loncello ; Preludes for the organ. Fetis;
Mendel ; Schilling.

KAISEUMARSCH (Emperor's March),
for grand orchestra and chorus, by Richard
Wagner, first performed in Berlin, May 5,
1S71, Wagner conducting. Luther's hymn
Ein' feste Burg is introduced. Published
by Peters (Leipsic and Berlin, 1871). Ar-
ranged for pianoforte by Carl Tausig ; for
pianoforte for 4 hands by Ulrich ; for 8
hands by Aug. Horn. Wochenblatt (1871),
260 ; Glaseuapp, Richard Wagner's Lebeu
und Werken, ii. 298.

KALANUS, cantata for soli, chorus, and
orchestra, text by Carl Andersen, music by
Niels W. Gade, op. 48, first performed at
the Gewandhaus, Leipsic, in 1870. Pub-
lished by Breitkopf & Hiirtel (Leipsic,
18G9). Mus. Wochenblatt (1870), 793.

born at Freising, Bavaria, in 17GG, died in
Munich in 1826. Organist and pianist,
pupil of the court organist Berger ; then
in Munich (1790) of Griltz, through whose
influence he became court organist in 1798.
One of his scholars was the thirteen-year
old Carl Maria von Weber, who dedicated
his second work to him in 1800. He pub-



lislied concertos anil sonatas for harpsi-
chord ; symphonies, masses, songs, etc.
Mendel ; Fctis ; Schilling.

Miindeu, Hanover, Sept. 22, 1755, died in
Paris, Aug. 10, 180G. Pianist and dramatic
composer, pupil at Cassel, where his father
had become city musician, of the court or-
ganist Becker on the pianoforte, and of
Karl Rodewald on the violin ; was a chorus
singer in the opera, and at that time pub-
lished his first compositions. Having sub-
mitted a mass for four voices to the Acca-
demia filarmonica of Bologna, he was elected
an honorary member in 1784. He worked
with renewed ardor for public recognition,
and in 1788 was called to Berlin as Kapell-
meister to the queen. In 1790-96 he held
a like position under Prince Heinrich of
Prussia, at Rheinsberg, then lived in Naples
until 1797, when he went to Paris, and be-
came chef de chant at the Opera in 1799.
Neither his compositions nor his writings
are now of any especial value. Works
Operas : La veuve du Malabar, Democrite,
La femme et le secret, Lanassa, etc., given
at Rheinsberg, 1790-90 ; Olympie, Paris,
Opera, 1798 ; La desceute des Fraucais en
Angleterre, ib., 1798 ; Pygmalion, scene with
orchestra, ib., Societe philotechnique, 1799 ;
Scene from Ossian, ib., 1800 ; Le mort par
speculation, opera-comique, Theatre Mo-
liure, 1800 ; CEuone, Opera, 1812 ; 3 sona-
tas for pianoforte and strings, op. 1 ; 6 do.
for pianoforte and violin, op. 2 and 3 ; Ro-
mances d'Estelle, with pianoforte. Fetis ;
Gerber ; Mendel ; Schilling.

HELM MICHAEL), born on the journey
from Cassel to Berlin in 1788, died at
Enghein-les-Bains, near Paris, June 10,
1849. Pianist, sou of and first instructed by
Christian Kalkbreuner, then pupil at the
Conservatoire, Paris, of Louis Adam on
the pianoforte, and of Catel in harmony ;
won the first prize for pianoforte and for
composition in 1801. In 1803 he visited
Vienna and Berlin, where he appeared as a

concert player, became acquainted with
Clemeuti and Hummel, and received les-
sons in counterpoint
from Albrechtsber-
ger, through the in-
fluence of Haydn.
In 1805 he played
at the court of Mu-
nich and in Stutt-
gart, and returning
to Paris, on account
of his father's death
in 180G, he appeared
in public with much
success, and was greatly in demand as a teach-
er ; likewise in London, where he lived in
1814-23 as the foremost virtuoso of his time.
In 1818 he associated with Logier to promote
the latter's invention of the chiroplast ; in

1823 made a concert tour through Ger-
many with the harp virtuoso Dizi, and in

1824 settled again in Paris, where he be-
came a partner of the pianoforte manufac-
turer Pleyel. He visited Germany once
more in 1833, and Belgium in 183C. Pos-
sessed of great vanity, very proud of his
improvising, he even proposed in 1831 to the
more gifted Chopin, that the latter should
be his pupil for three years, in order to be-
come a good artist. Works : 4 concertos
for pianoforte, op. 61, 85, 107, 125 (for 2
pianos) ; Rondos brillants, for pianoforte
and orchestra, op. 60, 70, 101 ; Fantaisies
et variations, for do., op. 72, 83, 90, 113 ;
Septet for pianoforte, 2 violins, 2 horns,
viola, and bass, op. 15 ; Quintet for piano-
forte, clarinet, horn, bassoon, and double-
bass, op. 81 ; Sextet for pianoforte and
strings, op. 58 ; Quintet for do., op. 30 ;
Quartet for do., op. 2 ; Trios for do., op. 7,

14, 26, 39, 84 ; Duos for do., op. 11, 22,
27, 39, 47, 49, 63, 86 ; Sonatas, fantaisies,



rondeaux, etudes, etc., for pianoforte ; Me-
tliode pour apprendre le pianoforte a 1'aide
du guide-mains, op. 108 ; Traite d'barmonie
du pianiste. Allgem. d. Biogr., xv. 29 ;
Allgem. mus. Zeitg. ; Fetis ; Ledebur, Ton-
kiinstler-Lexikou Berlins ; Mendel ; Schil-

GOTTLIEB, organist of tbe early part of
tbe 19th century. He lived chiefly in
Magdeburg, where be was organist of the
Church of the Holy Spirit ; became popular
by his songs, most of which were published
in a collection with the title : Oden uud
Lieder zum Singen beym Clavier fiir un-
geiibte und geiibtere Siiuger und Spieler
(Magdeburg, 179G). He wrote also an opera,
Das Schattenspiel an der Wand, and the in-
termezzo Ehestandsscenen. Fetis ; Ger-
ber ; Mendel ; Schilling.

burn in Prague,
Feb. 21, 1801, died
at Carlsruhe, Dec.
3, 186G. Violin
virtuoso, pupil of
Pixis at the Conser-
vatorium, Prague,
in 1810-16 ; played
in the orchestra
of the Prague the-
atre in 181 G-22 ;

visited Munich about 1823 ; was Kapell-
meister to Prince Fiirstenberg at Donau-
eschingen in 1823-53 ; then lived retired
at Carlsruhe. Works : Blanda (or Biauca ?),
opera, given in Prague, 1847 ; Prinzessin
Christine, opera ; Mass, op. 137 ; G Sym-
phonies for orchestra, op. 7, 17, 32, GO, 10G,
132 ; 14 Overtures for do., op. 38, 4 I 55,
56, 7G, 85, 101, 108 , 126, 140, 143, 145,
20G, 22G ; 13 Fantaisies, op. 1, 33, 41, 64,
74, 125, 157, 158, 173-175, 193, 212 ; 2
Concertos for violin, op. 9 and 20 (2 vio-
lins) ; 7 Concertinos, op. 15, 30, 72, 100,
110, 133, 151 ; 11 Duos, op. 50, 70, 111,
116, 152, 178, 179-181, 213, 234 ; 3 Trios,
op. 121, 130, 200 ; 3 Quartets, op. 61, G2,

90 ; 9 Divertissements, op. 28, 43, 47, 52,
58, 59, G6, 75, 134 ; 14 Variations, op. 13,
14, 18, 21, 22, 25, 53, 57, 73, 77, 83, 89, 94,
129 ; 12 Rondeaux, op. 10, 11, 1G, 19, 23,
24, 37, 40, 42, 49, 80, 84 ; Marches, intro-
ductions with rondos and variations, dances,
songs, duets, and choruses, etc. Allgem.
d. Biogr., xv. 39 ; Badische Biogr., i. 441 ;
Gassner, Univ. Lex., 472 ; Heindl, Gallerie
beriihmter Piidagogen, etc., i. 333 ; Wurz-

Donaueschingen, July 19, 1827, still living,
1889. Pianist, son and pupil of Johann
Wenzel Kalliwoda, subsequently pupil of
Mendelssohn at Leipsic, in 1847, and of
Hauptmann in 1848. Director of music,
in 1849, in the Catholic church at Carlsruhe,
where he succeeded his father as Hof-Ka-
pellmeister in 1853, and also conducted the
philharmonic society. He retired in 1875.
He published a symphony, an overture,
piano-forte music, and songs. Fetis ; Men-
del ; Riemann.

KAMENOI-OSTROW (Kamenoi Island,
at the mouth of the Neva, with an imperial
summer palace), 24 portraits for pianoforte,
by Anton Rubinstein, op. 10. Published by
Schott (Mainz, between 1852 and I860).

burg, Hungary, Oct. 13, 1734, died in War-
saw, Jan. 25, 1821. The first composer of
Polish opera, and an excellent violinist.
When quite young he occupied a position
in the chapel of Count Henkel, then went
to Vienna to study composition and the pi-
anoforte, and settled in Warsaw as a teacher.
His first opera, Nedza Uszczesliwiona (Com-
fort in misfortune), given in 1778, was sung
by Polish singers, and excited much enthu-
siasm. Works : Zoska, czyli wiejskie zaloty
(Sophia, or wooing in the country), 1779 ;
Prostota szczesliwa (Happy simplicity) ;
Balik gospodarski (The Country ball), 1785 ;
Slowik (The Nightingale), 1786 ; Tradycya
zalatwioua (The adjusted tradition), 1788 ;
Sultan Wampuu, German opera ; Anton und
Antoinette, do. ; Cantata for the iuaugura-


tion of King Sobieski's statue, 1792 ; Masses,
offertories, and polonaises. Biblioteca
Warszawska (1854), i. 23 ; Sowinski, 289 ;

KAMMEL, ANTON, born at Haima, Bo-
hemia, about the middle of the 18th cen-
tury, died in London, about 1788. Violin-
ist, sent by Count Waldsteiu to study under
Tartiui in Padua. On his return to Prague
his playing was greatly admired, and he
travelled through Germany and to London,
where, though not successful at first, he be-
came court-musician. Works : G Overtures
for orchestra, op. 10 ; G Quartets for strings,
op. 4 ; do., op. 8 ; 3 do., and 3 for flute or
oboe and violoncello, op. 17 ; 3 do. for flute,
2 violins, and bass, op. 14 ; 18 Trios for
strings, op. 11, 23, 25 ; 6 Divertissements
in quartets, op. 21 ; G Sonatas for piano-
forte and strings, op. 16 ; G do. for 2 violins,
op. 2 ; Do., op. 7 ; G Duos for do., op. 5 ; Do.,
op. 12 ; Do., op. 19 ; 18 do., op. 20, 22, 2G ;
4 do., and 2 for violin and violoncello, op.
15 ; 6 solos for violin, op. 9 ; G Sonatas for
do. and bass, op. 13. Dlabacz ; Futis ;

Weisseuhorn, Suabia, April 27, 1828, still
living, 1889. Organist, studied music in
his native town, and at the Stephan College,
Augsburg, in 1840, and was organist of St.
Stephau's for six years. Subsequently he
was a pupil of Carl Kempter, and became
organist of the Studienkirche, then in 1853
choir-master of the church of St. Max, and
in 1867 of St. Moritz. Works : Psalm XIII,
with orchestra ; 33 songs and ballads ; 21
songs for male chorus, and others for mixed
chorus ; Church and organ music. Mendel.

KAMPF UND SIEG (Combat and Vic-
tory), cantata, text by Wohlbriick, music by
Carl Maria von Weber, for soli, chorus, and
orchestra, written in commemoration of the
battle of Waterloo, June 18, 1815, first per-
formed in Prague, Dec. 22, 1815. The work
made a great impression by its stirring mili-
tary color, and Weber received a gold medal
from the King of Prussia. Performed in

Berlin under the composer's direction, June
18 and 23, 1816. The MS. is in the posses-
sion of Max M. von Weber. A new text was
written by Prof. F. Sieber and the music ar-
ranged by Wieprecht, for the Prussian Mili-
tiir-Musikchore in 1870. Published by
Schlesiuger (Berlin, 1870). Jahn, Weber
Verzeichniss, 202 ; Upton, Standard Can-
tatas, 34G ; Reissmann, Weber, 83, 108 ;
Weber, Weber, i. 481 ; iii. 94 ; Allgem.
mus. Zeitung (18), 154, 405 ; (23), 424.

KANKA, JOHANN VON, born in Prague,
Nov. 10, 1772, died there, April 15, 18G5.
He became dean of the University in 1815,
and rector in 1829 ; was much attached to
Beethoven, and was of great assistance to
him in his dispute with the Kiusky family.
He wrote on Austrian and Bohemian law.
Works : A cantata ; Concerto for piano-
forte (Leipsic, 1804) ; Music to Colleu's
War Songs (Prague, 1809) ; Themes with
variations for the pianoforte. Dlabacz ;
Gerber ; Grove.

at Delitzsch, Saxony, March 8, 1778, died
in Vienna, Dec. 16, 1833. Dramatic com-
poser and poet ; studied law in Leipsic
and Wittenberg, and later music and lit-
erature. For a year he was secretary to
the Prince of Anhalt Dessau ; then studied
composition in Dresden under the cantor
Weinlig, and lived at Leipsic in 1801-1806,
when he appears in Vienna as the protege
of Prince Lobkowitz, who offered him a
home in his palace. In 1809 he became
Kapellmeister of the Theatre at Presburg,
but he was of such an erratic disposition
that he left this, as well as several other
good positions, and returned to Vienna,
where he wrote concert and theatre criti-
cisms and taught music, doing nothing
long or successfully. Works Operas:
Orpheus, given in Vienna, Karnthnerthor
Theater, 1807 ; Miranda, oder das Schwert
der Rache, ib., Theater an der Wieu, 1811 ;
Das Schloss Tabor oder der Kampf der
FlussgOtter, Zauberspiel, ib., 1818 ; Die
eiserue Jungfrau, melodrama, ib., 1822 ;



Malvina, Zauberspiel, ib., 1823 ; Liudane,
oder die Fee und der Haarbeutelschn eider,
do., Theater in der Leopoldstadt, 1824 ;
Die Zauberschminke oder das Laud der
Ertindungen, Zauberpoase, ib., 1825 ; Phi-
lipp und Suscheu, oder der falscbe Jupiter,
mythologisches Zauberspiel, ib., 1832 ; Der
Cyclop ; Die Elfenki'iuigin ; Sappbo ; Der
TJntergang des Feenreichs ; Die Maiuacht,
oder der Blocksberg, given in Berlin about
1834 ; Ciicilia, cantata ; Mass ; Symphony ;
Trios for pianoforte and strings ; Sonatas,
rondos, etc., for pianoforte ; 12 duets for
Soprano and Tenor ; Many songs and bal-
lads. Fi-tis ; N. Necrol. der D. (1833), 804 ;
Yogi's Volkskalender (Vienna, 18G2), 163 ;

born at Hanover in 1732, died in Berlin,
Feb. 15, 1805. Violinist, court musician to
the Prince of Wiirtemberg in Berlin, 1755,
and royal chamber musician there in 1786 ;
pensioned in 1798. His compositions,
though popular in his lifetime, remain in
MS. Duets for 2 soprani, and songs were
published in Berlin. Mendel ; Gerber ;

KANZLER, JOSEPHINE, born at Markt-
Tolz, near Munich, in 1780, died (?). Pian-
ist, pupil of Marcus Falter and Lauska in
Munich, of Griitz, Danzi, and Abt Vogler.
She married the oboist Fladt. Works : 2
quartets for pianoforte and strings (Paris,
Vienna) ; German songs ; Sonatas and
themes varies for pianoforte remain in man-
uscript. Fetis ; Mendel.

KAPP, F. KARL, born at Sehwansee,
Thuringia, in 1772, died (?). Pianist, and
organist, composer, son of a school-master ;
pupil at Erfurt of the music director Wei-
mar, and of Hiissler. He became organist
of the principal Lutheran church at Min-
den, Westphalia, in 1795. Works : Quar-
tet for pianoforte and strings, op. 6 ; 12
preludes for the organ, op. 8 ; 6 pieces
finales, for do., op. 9 ; Sonatas for piano-
forte, op. 1-3 ; Themes varies for do., op.
4, 7. Fetis ; Mendel ; Schilling.

XYMUS, born in Germany of noble par-
\ entage, died in Rome about 1G50. Virtu-
oso on the theorbo, lute, guitar, and trumpet ;
lived in Venice about 1604, then went to
Rome, where he won the favor of Athana-
sius Kircher and acquired considerable in-
fluence. He was very vain, and sought to
gain the good will of Urban VUL, by set-
ting this pope's Latin poetry to music and
by servile flattery ; but when he wanted his
music substituted for Palestriua's, the sing-
ers of the Papal Chapel rebelled and so
spoiled it in the singing that he was de-
feated. He was not a bad musician, how-
ever, although much a charlatan, and his
lute tablature was simpler and clearer than
that used by his contemporaries. Works :
Intavolatura di chitarrono (1604, 1G1C>,
1626) ; Madrigali a 5 voci (1G09) ; Villanelle
a 1, 2 e 3 voci (1G10-32) ; Intavolatura di
lauto (Ifill, 1G23) ; Arie passeggiate (1612,
1623, 1G30) ; Motetti passeggiati (1612) ;
Balli, gagliarde e correnti (1615) ; Sinfonie
a 4 con il basso continue (1615) ; Capricci a
due strornenti, tiorba e tiorbino (1617) ; Two
books of Poemata et Carmina, written by
Cardinal Barberini, later Urban VHI. (1G24,
1 (;:!:!) ; 1-Vtonte, a musical drama, and Pas-
tori di Betlemme, a recitative dialogue
(1G30) ; Mi ssse Urban se, and Litauire Deiparre
Virginia (1631) ; Apoteosi di S. Ignazio, e di
S. Francesco Xaverio ; Several nuptial can-
tatas, and other compositions in manu-
script, Allgern. d. Biogr., xv. 107 ; Ambros,
Gesch., iv. 125 ; Fetis ; Gerber ; Riemanu ;
Schilling ; Walther.

KARGEL, SIXTUS, lutist and composer,
living in Mainz in the second half of the Kith
century. He published Carmina italica, gal-
lica, germaniea, ludemla cythara, and other
works for the lute (1569-1574). His Reno-
vata cythara, etc. (Mainz, 1569 ; Augsburg,
1575), is said to be one of the oldest works
of the guitar school. Allgem. d. Biog., xv.
121 ; Fetis ; Van der Straeten, i. 95 ; ii. 100.

ALOYS, born at Schreckeudorf, Silesia, in


179C, died (?) Organist, pupil of his father ;
accompanied a litany on the organ when
eight years old, and played on the violin in
public at ten. He finished his musical edu-
cation at Breslau, was a singer in the ca-
thedral, and studied the works of Mozart,
Albrechtsberger, and Kuecht. In 1817 he
went to Vienna, Prague, and Dresden, and
in 1818 became organist of the Catholic
church at Neisse. His compositions, con-
sisting of masses, motets, and other church
music, overtures, and a violin concerto
with orchestra, were never published. Fe-
tis ; Mendel ; Schilling.

operetta in three acts, text by Joseph
Braun, music by Johanu Strauss, repre-
sented at the Theater an der Wien, Vienna,
March 1, 1873. The libretto is founded on
Sardou's " Piccolino." It was sung by
Svoboda, Szika, Friese, and Mmes Geis-
tiuger and Charles. Published by Spina.
Hanslick, Moderue Oper, 338.

KAROW, KARL, born at Stettin, Nov.
15, 1790, died at Bunzlau, Silesia, Dec. 20,
18G3. Pianist, son of a merchant ; he re-
ceived a liberal education and studied the
violin under Liebert, and the pianoforte,
organ, and harmony under Haak. After
serving in the campaign of 1813-1814, in
which he was seriously wounded, lie re-
sumed his study in Berlin, under Ludwig
Berger and Zelter, and in 1818 was appoint-
ed instructor in the teachers' seminary at
Bunzlau. Works : 26 Chorals and 10 cho-
ruses for male voices ; 30 part-songs ; 12 do.
for use in schools ; 25 canons for 3 voices ;
172 preludes for the organ ; 400 choral mel-
odies, arranged in 4 parts for the organ.
He published also Leitfaden zum praktisch-
metodischeu Unterricht im Gesange, etc.
(Bunzlau, 1838). Fetis ; Mendel; Schil-
ling; do., Supplement, 231.

KARR, HEINRICH, born at Zweibriick-
en, Bavaria, in 1784, died in Paris, Jan. 10, |
1842. Pianist, son and pupil of a German
violinist who settled in Paris, was subse-
quently pupil of L'Eteudart on the piano- ;

forte, and became a salesman in Board's pi-
anoforte factory. He was the father of Al-
phouse Karr, the novelist. Works : Sonatas
for pianoforte and violin, op. 8 and 13 ;
Nocturnes for do. (or flute), op. 33, 42, 47,
49, 51, 53, 55, C3, 69, 96, 185 ; Divertisse-
ments for do., op. 92, 113, 117 ; Sonatas for
pianoforte ; Duos, fantaisies, nocturnes, for
do. (4 hands), etc. Fetis.

KASSKA, WTLHELM, born at Ratisbou
in 1752, died there in 1806. Violinist, pu-
pil of Joseph Touchemoulin ; early in life
he entered the orchestra of the Prince of
Thuru und Taxis, and became Conzertmeis-
ter. He left in manuscript several violin
concertos, symphonies, and masses. Men-
del ; Fetis.

KASSMAYER, MORLTZ, born in Vienna
in 1831, died there, Nov. 10, 1885. Violin-
ist, pupil at the Conservatorium of Sechter
and Preyer ; became leader of several so-
cieties, was violinist at the Imperial Opera,
and later director of ballet music. Works :
Das Landhaus zu Meudou, comic opera,
given in Vienna, 1869 ; Music for court
ceremonies ; Symphonies ; Masses, with or-
chestra ; 6 quartets for strings ; Volks-
weiscn und Lieder fiir das Streichquartett
humoristisch und coutrapuuktisch bear-
beitet, op. 14-16, 27, 29; Musikalische
Mesallianceu fiir Streichquartett mit Piano-
forte zu vier Hiiuden, op. 22 ; Songs, and
choruses for male voices. Mendel ; Fetis,
Supplement, ii. 36.

Strasburg, March 9, 1810, died in Paris,
Dec. 19, 1867. Dramatic composer, and
didactic writer, pupil of Maurer and Kilmer
at Strasburg, and of Berton and Reicha in
Paris, whither he went in 1835. He held a
position as organist when ten years old.
Sent to a Lutheran theological seminary,
he devoted his spare time to music, mas-
tering several instruments, composing for
the harpsichord, and studying harmony.
Though he left much music, he is impor-
tant chiefly on account of his educational
works. Besides many other distinctions.



he was made honorary doctor by tbe Uni-
versity of Tiibingen, member of the Insti-
tut of France, and of several foreign acade-
mies, officer of the Legion of Honour, etc.
Works Operas : Gustav "Wasa, given at
Strasburg, 1832; Der Tod Oscar's, ib.,
1833 ; Der Sarazene, comic opera, ib.,
183-4 ; Die K&nigin der Sarmateu, ib.,
1S35 ; Beatrice, given in Germany, 1839 ;
La mascliera, Paris, Opera Comique, 1841 ;
Le dernier roi de Juda, biblical opera, Salle
du Conservatoire, 1844 ; Les uounes de
Robert le Diable (1845), not given ; Music
to the drama Die Belageruug von Misso-
loughi, Strasburg, 1829. Vocal music with
orchestra : 4 hymns with chorus ; 2 grand
cantatas ; Sardanapale, dramatic scene ;
Stephen, on la harpe d'Eole, lyric mono-
logue with choruses ; Les cris de Paris,
humorous symphony, with soli and chorus ;
Hove d'Oswald, ou les Sirenes, do. with
orchestra ; La veuve du marin, dramatic
scene ; Le negre, do. ; Le proscrit, do. ;
Pensces d'amour, do. ; Le barde, do. ; Ju-
das Iscariote, do. ; Grand cantata for 2
tenors and 2 basses ; Bibliotheque chorale ;
Suite de cautiques ; Many romances, melo-
dies, and nocturnes; ('lionises for male
voices, and songs. Instrumental music :
3 symphonies for full orchestra ; 5 over-
tures, do. ; 10 serenades for wind instru-
ments ; 30 inarches and pas redoubles for
do. ; Grand sestet for saxophones ; many
pieces for various instruments. Didactic
works: Traite general d'instrumeutation
(Paris, 1837) ; Cours d'instrumeutation con-
sidcree sous les rapports poetiques, etc. ;
Grammuire musicale ; Theorie abregee ilu
coutrepoint, etc. ; Methode element aire
d'liarmonie, etc. ; 12 methodcs eleinen-
taires, for various instruments, and the
voice ; De la composition vocale et instru-
meutale ; Manuel general de musique mili-
taire, etc. ; Paremiologie musicale de la
laugue francaise, etc. Ludwig, J. G. Knst-
ner (Leipsic, 1886) ; Fetis ; do., Supple-
ment, ii. 37 ; Riemauu ; Schilling ; Allgein.
mus. Zeitg., xL-L

KATZER, IGNAZ, born at Gross-Auer-

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