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Laucher, and later, at Augsburg, of Keller.
Became instructor of music in the teachers'
seminary at Lauiugeu in 1841. Besides
numerous compositions for the church, can-
tatas and songs, he published Unterricht und
Uebungen im Generalbass ; Auswahl syste-
matisch geordneter Finger (ibungen und Cla-
vierstiicke ; and Materialieu zu Erlernung
cines gediegeueu Orgelspiels. Mendel.

KEMPTER, KARL, born at Limbach,
Bavaria, Jan. 17, 1819, died at Augsburg,
March 11, 1871. Organist and church com-
poser, brother of Friedrich Kempter ; pu-
pil of Michael Keller at Augsburg, and on
the violin of Dominik. In 1837 he became
organist of the St. Ulrichskirche, and in
1839 of the cathedral, where he succeeded
Keller as Kapellmeister in 1865. Works
Oratorios : Johannes der Tiiufer ; Maria ;
Die Hirteu von Betlehem ; Die Offenba-
ruug des Herru. German mass, for 4 voices,
with organ, violoncello, and bass, op. 8 ;
Latin mass, for 4 voices, orchestra, and or-
gan, op. 9 ; 2 solemn masses, for do., op.
11, 17 ; Missa saucta, for Soprano and Con-
trull i). organ, and orchestra, op. 13 ; Pastoral
mass, for 4 voices and orchestra, op. 24 ;
Several other masses, 4 vespers, 15 graduate,
and offertories, etc ; Der Landchorregeut,
a collection of various church music. He
also harmonized the German hymns for the
diocese of Augsburg (1859). Fetis ; Men-

KENIL WORTH, cantata for soli, chorus,
and orchestra, text by Chorley, music by
Arthur Sullivan, first performed at the Birm-
ingham Festival (England), Sept. 8, 1864.
It contains parts of a masque offered to en-


tertain Queeu Elizabeth during her visit
to the Earl of Leicester. Published by
Chappell & Co. (London, 1864). Athense-
um (1864), ii., 378.

boru at Lierre, Belgium, about 1720, died
at Louvain, May 10, 1789. Violinist, while
still quite young was maitre de chapelle of
the church of Saiut-Gorumaire, at Lierre,
then of Saint-Pierre, Louvain, and master
of the children. He is supposed to have
visited London and Paris, although no record
is found of it. Works : 12 symphonies for
orchestra ; 3 concertos for violin and orches-
tra (Paris) ; G quartets for strings (London) ;
6 trios for do. (Paris) ; C duos for violin
and violoncello (ib.) ; 6 do. for 2 violins
(London) ; 6 sonatas for violin and basso
continue (Louvain) ; 6 do. (Liege). Fetis.

KENT, JAMES, born at Winchester,
England, March 13, 1700, died there, May
6, 177G. Organist, chorister of Winchester
Cathedral under Vaughan Eichardsou, and
later at the Chapel Royal, London, under
Dr. Croft ; became organist successively at
Fmedon, Northamptonshire, Trinity Col-
lege, Cambridge, and in 1737-74 of the Ca-
thedral and College of Winchester. Works :
Morning and Evening Service ; 20 anthems,
among others, Hear my Prayer, and, My
song shall be of mercy. Grove ; Barrett,
English Church Composers, 122.

KEECHOVE, JOSEPH, born in Ghent,
Sept. 26, 1804, still living, 1889. Church
composer, pupil of his father, of Jeau Ga-
briels, and of Pierre Verheyen. He was a
tenor in several churches, and in 1839 be-
came director of the Sock'te du Saint-Sau-
veur, succeeding Jean d'Hollander. Works :
Masses, a Miserere, motets, and other
church music ; Choruses for male voices,
etc. Mendel, Ergiinz., 177 ; Futis, Supple-
ment, ii. 39 ; Viotta.

KEEL (Kerll, Kherl, Cherle), JOHANN
KASPAE VON, born at Gaimersheim, near ,
Ingolstadt, Bavaria, in 1C28, died in Munich,
Feb. 13, 1693. Organist, pupil of Giovanni
Valeutini m Vienna, whither he went early

in life ; was sent to Rome by Emperor Fer-
dinand HI., and studied under Carissimi,
perhaps also un-
der Frescobaldi.
In 1656 he en-
tered the service
of the Elector
of Bavaria, and
at the corona-
tion of the Em-
peror Leopold
I, in Frank-
fort, 1658, elec-
trified his audience by extraordinary skill
on the organ, and a mass of his composi-
tion became famous from that date. In
1673 he resigned his position in Munich,
and went to Vienna, where he at first taught
music, but is said to have been appointed
organist at St. Stephen's in 1677. In the
accounts of the court he appears as court
organist from Oct. 1, 1680, to the end of
1692. He seems therefore to have returned
to Munich shortly before his death. Works :
Oroute, opera, Munich, 1657 ; Erinto, do.,
ib. 1661 ; II preteusioue del sole, sereuata,
ib., 1661 ; Opus primum Missarum (Nurem-
berg, 1669) ; Miss;e sex, adjuucta uua pro
defunctis, etc. (Munich, 1689); Missa uigra,
and other masses ; Requiem (1669) ; Delec-
tus sacrarum cautiouum, collection of mo-
tets (Nuremberg, 1669) ; O bone Jesu, motet
for 2 soprani ; Trio for 2 violins and viola
di gamba ; Toccatas, suites, etc., for harpsi-
chord ; Modulatio organica, etc., a collection
of organ pieces (Munich, 1G86). Allgem. d.
Biog., xv. 628 ; Futis ; Gerber ; Mendel ;

KEHLE (Keerle), JACOB VAN, born at
Ypres, Flanders, died after 1590. Contra-
puntist, older contemporary of Orlando
Lasso ; was choir director and canon at
Cambrai, entered the service of the Car-
linal Prince Bishop of Augsburg, Otto von
Truchsess, with whom he spent several years
in Rome, and returned to Augsburg, (1562-
75). Whether he was ever in the service of
the Emperor Rudolph H., as reported, is


uncertain. "Works : Missre suavissimis
modulationibus, etc. (Venice, 1562) ; Preces
speciales, etc. (ib., 1569) ; Madrigali a quat-
tro voci (ib., 1570) ; II prinio libro capitolo
del Trionfo d' ainore del Petrarca (ib., 1570) ;
II primo libro dei Motetti (ib., 1571), also
published under the title Select* qmedam
cantiones, etc. (Nuremberg, 1571) ; Moduli
sacri, cum cantioue contra Turcas (Munich,

1572) ; Motetti et Te Deum laudamtis (ib.,

1573) ; Cautio iu hoaorem geuerosi, etc.
(Nuremberg, 1574) ; Motetse, quibus ad-
juncti suut ecclesiastic! hymni (Munich,
1575) ; Sacrae cautioues, etc., quibus ad-
junct! sunt hymni de resurrection e, etc.
(ib., 1575) ; 6 Missse etTeDeum (ib., 1576) ;
4 Missse suavissimis, etc. (Antwerp, 1583).
Allgein. d. Biog., xv. G29 ; Biog. nat
de Belgique, v. 224 ; Biog. de la Flandre
occidentale, i. 260 ; Fetis ; Mendel.

V( >\, German amateur violoncellist of the
end of the 18th and beginning of the 19th
century. He was capitular of Wiirzburg
Cathedral and patron of the Amateur Con-
cert Society of that city in 1780. Settled
at Mainz in 1790, and later at Heilbroun.
Works Operas : Der Schiffbruch, Wiirz-
burg, 1786 ; Das Riithsel, Main/, 1791 ;
Adelheid von Pouthieu, ib., 1798 ; Cephalus
und Procris, melodrama, ib., 1792 ; Con-
certo for pianoforte, with orchestra, op. 9 ;
3 trios for pianoforte and strings, op. 1 ;
Sonata for pianoforte ; Do. (4 hands), op. 4 ;
6 grand sonatas for pianoforte and violin,
op. 8 ; 6 ariettas for 3 voices with piano-
forte ; German songs, etc. Fetis ; Gerber ;

KKS, WILLEM, born at Dordrecht,
Feb. 16, 1856, still living, 1889. Violin-
ist, pupil of Huyssens and August Bijhme
and on the pianoforte of Nohldeuft, then
at Leipsic (1871-73) of Ferdinand David,
at the Conservatoire, Brussels (1875-76),
of Wieniawski, finally at the Conserva-
torium, Berlin, of Joachim, Kiel, and Tau-
bert. Concertmeester of the Park Orches-
tra in Amsterdam. He won the 1st prize

of the Nederlaudsche Toonkunstenaars-
Vereeuigiug, for a concerto for violin and
orchestra, and has
composed other violin
music. Fetis, Sup-
plement, ii. 39 ; Vi-

DINAND, born at
Maiu, in Jauuary,1793,
died there, Oct. 22,
1856. Pianist, pupil
of Vollwciler and Aloys Schmitt. He com-
posed an opera, symphonies, quartets, sona-
tas, rondos, and variations for pianoforte, of
which few were published. He was the au-
thor of " System zuui Selbstunterricht in der
Hannonie." Mendel ; Riemaun ; Fetis ; Vi-
otta, ii. 304.

KESSLER (properly Kotzler), JOSEPH
CHKISTOPH, born at Augsburg, Aug. 26,
1800, died in Vienna, Jan. 13, 1872. Pian-
ist, pupil of the organist Bilek, at Felds-
berg, Moravia, then at the Piarists' Semi-
nary at Nicolsburg. In 1816 he went to
Vienna, to study philosophy, and in 1820
to Lemberg, where he taught the piano-
forte in the house of Count Potocki four
years, and composed his far-famed Etudes,
op. 20, published in Vienna and in Paris,
recommended by Kalkbrenner iu his pi-
anoforte school, and played iu concerts by
Liszt. He went to Warsaw iu 1829, then
to Breslau, and in 1835 again to Lemberg,
where he taught for many years, finally to
Vienna, in 1S57. His Etudes rhapsodiques,
op. 51, acquired as much prominence as
op. 20. He published also polonaises, con-
certos, nocturnes, preludes, etc., for piano-
forte ; sacred songs for male chorus with
brass instruments ; and songs with piano-
forte. Mendel ; Fetis ; Wurzbach.

DINAND, born at Tost, Silesia, Dec. 4,
1808, still living, 1889. Vocal and instru-
mental composer, pupil of Siegert and
Justus Kessler, then of Freudenberg. In



1844 be became cantor of the Elizabeth-
kirche, Breslau, where be bad beeii a chor-
ister since 1832. Works : Psalm C for
chorus and orchestra ; 3 cantatas for do. ;
Cantata for male chorus with 4 horns ; In-
strumental compositions ; Choruses for male
voices, and songs. Mendel ; Fetis.

KETTE, ALBERT (Albrecht), born
near Schwarzenberg, Bavaria, in 172G, died
at Wiirzburg in 1767. Organist, pupil of
his father, then at Wiirzburg of Bayer, or-
ganist to the court and of the cathedral,
whom be succeeded in both positions in
1740. He wrote sacred music, concertos for
organ and for pianoforte, preludes, and oth-
er organ music. Gerber ; Schilling; Fetis.

KETTEN, HENRI, born at Baja, Hun-
gary, March 25, 1848, died in Paris, March
31, 1883. Pianist, pupil at the Paris Con-
servatoire, 1857-CG, of Marmontel on the
pianoforte, and of Halevy and Reber in
composition. After travelling several years,
earning applause as a pianist and orchestra
conductor, he returned to Paris. Works:
Persian March, for orchestra ; Sonata for
pianoforte and clarinet ; Songs, etc. Men-
del, Ergiiuz., 178; Futis, Supplement, ii. 39.

KETTENUS, ALOYS, born at Verviers,
Belgium, Feb. 22, 1823, still living, 1889.
Violinist, pupil at the Liege Conservatoire ;
made bis first public appearance at the age
of nine, and in 1841 became first violinist
in the theatre of Aix-la-Chapelle ; played
at concerts in Frankfort, Mainz, Darmstadt,
and Carlsruhe, and at the age of twenty-
two was appointed Conzertmeister and
solo violin at the theatre and the court of
Mannheim, where he studied composition
under Viuceuz Lachner. In 1855 be went
to London, and became first violin in Ju-
lieu's baud. He directed an opera in Dub-
lin in 1856, and returned to London, where
be has been a prominent solo player at
many popular concerts. Works : Stella,
opera, given in Brussels, 1862 ; Concerto
for violin ; Concertino for 4 violins and or-
chestra ; Duo for pianoforte and violin ;
Songs. Futis ; Mendel.

KETTERER, EUGENE, born at Rouen,
in 1831, died in Paris, Dec. 18, 1870. Pi-
anist, pupil at the Paris Conservatoire of
Marmontel ; won first accessit, 1852. He
published much light pianoforte music,
popular in its day, of which bis opera fan-
tasias are the best. Fetis, Supplement, ii.

DOR, born at Posilge, West Prussia, Feb.
3, 1834, still living, 1889. Church com-
poser, first instructed by bis father, who
was an organist, then at Pelplin (1845-48)
by Wenzeslaus Maslon, choir director of
the cathedral there, on the violin, piano-
forte, and organ. He was for three years
oboist in the band of a regiment, then in-
structor and organist successively at Wabcz
near Culm (1859), at Scbwetz on the Vistula
(1859-64), at Graudenz (1864-66), when he
was appointed musical instructor at the
newly founded Catholic teachers' seminary
at Bereut, West Prussia, and became prin-
cipal instructor there in 1873. Works :
Missa de Beata Maria Virgine, for mixed
choir, op. 3 ; Missa de Apostolis, for do.,
op. 5 ; Quatuor Antiphonee, etc., for do.,
op. 7 ; Missa de Spiritu Saucto, for male
voices, op. 15 ; 6 Polish choral melodies
with double counterpoint, for the organ,
op. 2 ; Collection of Polish hymns, for 4
voices, op. 6 ; Do. for one voice, op. 9 ;
Vademecum for organists ; 500 cadenzas for
the organ ; 30 pieces for do., op. 33 ; 64
do. ; 36 do. ; Polish book of chorals for the
diocese of Culm ; German do. ; Festina
lente, waltz for full orchestra, op. 22 ;
Slavic Scherzo for do., op. 23 ; Der Ahneu
Tiinze, waltz for do., op. 30 ; 12 four-part
songs and canons, op. 16 ; 3 songs for mixed
chorus, op. 17 ; 6 Wanderlieder, for male
chorus, op. 18 ; Pianoforte music, etc. Men-
del, Ergiinz., 178.

in Wiirteniberg, where be lived about the
end of the 17th century. He styled himself
in his works, Magister et liberalium artium
cultor. He was an admirer of the canon



form in composition. Gerbcr quotes the
following as illustrating this taste : Ag-
gratulatio musico-poetica, in 6 Latin dis-
ticbs, with a perpetual canon in 16 parts
and 16 violins, capable of being rendered
by 156 voices and as many instruments,
etc., composed for the birthday of the Em-
peror Joseph I., King of Rome (1691). The
other canons are no less remarkable. Ger-
ber ; Fi'tis ; Mendel.

KIEL, FRIEDRICH, born at Puderbach,
llhenish Prussia,
Oct. 7, 1821, died
in Berlin, Sept. 14,
1885. Church and
instrumental com-
poser, first instruct-
ed by his father,
who was a village
school teacher, then
1 iy Prince K a r 1
von Wittgenstein
on the violin (1835)
at Berleburg, where in less than a year he
pl.-m'd in tin prince's orchestra, and whither
he returned as Con/.ertmeister and instruct-
or of his patron's children, after Laving
studied theory under Kaspar Kummer at
( !i ,1 Mirg (1838-39). Being allowed a stipend
by King Friedrieh "Wilhelni IV., he went to
Berlin in 1842, and studied counterpoint
under Dehn, taking up his permanent resi-
dence in Berlin, where he slowly but stead-
ily rose to a distinguished position, due
to his eminent activity as an exponent of
the classical school. As late as 1859 and
1861 he was obliged to arrange private per-
formances of his compositions, to attract
attention even in Berlin, but after his
Requiem, brought out by Stern's Gesaug-
verein in 1862, had been received with
unanimous enthusiasm, and made the round
of the musical world, he at once became
famous. In 1865 he was made member of
the Academy of arts, in 1867 royal profes-
sor, and in 1869 Senator of the Academy,
and professor of composition at the Con-
servatorium, in which capacity he had been

connected with Stern's Conservatorium in
1866-69. Works : Reqi liem for soll > chorus '
and orchestra, op. 20, ^ erlin ' Feb - 8 ' 18G2
Missa solemuis, for do.' P- 40 ( 18G5 )> lb
March 21, 1867 ; ChriJ' oratorio : P- 60
(1871-72), ib., April 4, 1874 Requiem, op.
80 ; Stabat Mater, for female chorus ' soli '
and orchestra, op. 25 (I 862 ) ; PsalmCXXX -'
for do., op. 29 (1863) ; Te Deum ' for mlxed
voices aud orchestra, <>P- 4G ( 18GG ) '> Zwel
Gesange, for do., op. 63 (1881) ; 2 Motets
for female chorus, soli' aud pianoforte, op.
32 ; 6 sacred songs, f t ir women's or boys'
choir, op. 64 ; 6 Motet 8 for Imxod cllorus '
op. 82 ; 4 Marches fo r orchestra, op. 61 ;
Concerto for pianofort* and orchestra . P-
30 ; 2 Quintets for pitf noforte aud stnn - s '
op. 75, 76 ; 3 Quartets' for do " P- 43 ' U >
50 ; 2 String quartets, P- 53 = 2 senes of
waltzes for string (
Trios, op. 3, 22, 24,



7 \ 78 ; 7
4 houatas

f..r violin ; Sonata for violoncello, op. 52 ;
do. for viola, op. 67 ; l^noforte music, and

songs.-Fetis, Supple

., ment - 40 5 IUustr -

nv. (1SS.-,), ii. 364 ; Mendel ; Riemann.
born in Poland in 17^' died at Dessau in
1830. Dramatic comp. 3Ser ' studied at Posen '
was successively Kape llmeister at thc thett -
tres of Presburg (Lsil 8 )' Augsburg, Brton,

and Baden, near Vi^ nna - After vlsltl "-
1'aris, I,,- was .lirector f muslc m the r "- vul
theatre, Munich, and in 1817 removed to
Berlin, where he beca rae vocal instructor at
the royal opera, in IS 23 ' He accompanied
Prince Radziwill to PoseD ' wlnch he left
again at the time of the Polish revolution,
arriving destitute rt* Dessau ' Works-
Operas: Die Kuiserr ose > & in Vlenna '
Leopoldstadter The : lter ' 1815 = Claudina
von Villabella, Au<: sbur S' about 181G =
Scherz, List und ? aclie > fetrarca und
Laura, Gu-lsruhe, 18 20 5 Music for several



dramas ; Hyinns, songs, pianoforte music,
etc. Fi-tis ; do., Supplement, ii. 41 ; Men-

KIENZL, WILHELM, born at Waizen-
kircbeu, Upper Austria, Jan. 17, 1857, still
living, 1889. Pianist, pupil at Gratz of
Ignaz Uhl until 1870, and of Mortier de
Fontaine until 1873, and in composition of
W. A. Key. Went to Prague in 1875, and
studied counterpoint under .Joseph Krejcl ;
he also appeared there successfully as a
pianist, and in 1870 went to Leipsic, to at-
tend the lectures of Springer, Overbeck, and
Paul, and brought out several of his works.
In 1877 he returned to Gratz, to take his
degree, played repeatedly in public, gave
lectures, and arranged performances of his
own and other modern compositions.
Works : Urvasi, grand opera, text by the
composer after Kalidasa, given at Dresden,
Feb. 20, 1885. Mendel, Erganz., 180 ; N. Z.
f. M. (1888), 415, 430.

enna, Dec. 8, 1737, died at Molk, Dec. 5,
1799. Church composer ; entered the Bene-
dictine convent of Miilk at the age of six-
teen, and was ordained priest in 1751.
While studying theology at the University
of Vienna, he was a friend and pupil in
composition of Joseph Haydn. He was a
capital tenor singer, and organist, and be-
came director of the choir of his convent in
1701. Among his church compositions is
a Mass, for 8 voices in two choirs, which
Haydn considered his masterpiece. He left
quartets, trios, and duets for string instru-
ments; besides many church compositions
in MS. When Marie Antoinette and Joseph
H. stopped at M<">lk in 1770, he performed
in their honour a Singspiel with ballet : Re-
becca, die Braut Isaac's, composed by him,
and which pleased the emperor so much,
that he took the score away with him.
Fctis ; Schilling ; Wurzbach.

KINDERBALL, Six easy dances for pi-
anoforte, four hands, by Schumann, op.
130, written in 1853. I. Polonaise in F ;
II. Walzer in G ; III. Meuuett in D ; IV.

Ecossaise in F ; V. Franeaise in A minor ;
VI. Ringelreihe in C. Published by Breit-
kopf it Hiirtel (Leipsic, 1854). Arranged for
pianoforte for two hands.

of the Heath), opera in five acts, text by
Moseuthal from Carl Beck's romance,
" Janko," music by Rubinstein, first repre-
sented in Vienna, Feb. 20, 1801 ; at Dantzic,
Oct. 4, 1885. Rubinstein's first opera, the
subject, Gipsy life. Published by Schreiber
(Vienna, 1885). Signale (1885), 865.

born at Nuremberg, March 29, 1G1G, died
there, April 14, 1G55. Organist and church
composer, was organist at St. Egidius, Nu-
remberg, and one of the most famous per-
formers on his instrument. Works : Mu-
sica Catechica (Nuremberg, 1640) ; Har-
monia organica (ib., 1045) ; Neu-verstimmte
Violen-Lust (Frankfort, 1052) ; Dilherrns
evangelische Schluss-Reimen der Predigteu
(Nuremberg, 1052) ; Musicalischer Felder-
und Wiilderfreuud (Nuremberg, 1043.) All-
gem, d. Biogr., xv. 702; Futis ; Schilling,
iv. 87 ; Wiuterfeld, Kirchengesang, ii. 447 ;
Monatshefte f. Mus. Gesch., xv. 37, 138.

KINDERSCENEN (Scenes of Childhood),
easy pieces for pianoforte, by Schumann,
op. 15, written in 1838. His last work with
titles for the separate pieces, dating from
the period when he wrote exclusively for the
pianoforte. I. Von fremden Lihuleru und
Mensehen, in G ; H. Curiose Geschichte, in
D ; HI. Hasche-Mann, in B-flat minor ; FV.
Bittendes Kind, in D ; V. Gliickes genug, in
D ; VI. Wichtige Begebenheit, in A ; VH.
Traiimerei, in F ; VIII. Am Camin, in F ;
IX. Ritter vom Steckenpferd, in C ; X. Fast
zu ernst, in G-sharp minor ; XI. Fiirchten-
machen, in E minor ; XII. Kind im Eiu-
schlummern, in E minor ; XIII. Der Dichter
spricht, in G. Published by Breitkopf it
Hiirtel (Leipsic, 1839). Arranged for pi-
anoforte for four hands. Am Carnm and
Traiimerei are arranged also for oboe
and pianoforte by E. Lund, and for oboe
and string quartet.



for seven toy instruments, two violins, and
double-bass, by Haydn, written about 1780.
The melodies are supposed to have been
suggested by the noises heard at a village
fair, where Haydn is said to have bought
the instruments used at its first performance.
Given at the Swiss musical festival in Lau-
sanne, Aug. 7, 1823. Mendelssohn also
wrote a Kinder-Symphonic (1827). Pohl,
Haydn, ii. 226.

Roniberg, performed many times, and given
at St. James's Hall, London, May 14, 1880,
when the following artists appeared :

Arthur Sullivan ... cuckoo.

Charles Halle quail.

Joseph Baruby nightingale.

Arthur Chappell woodpecker.

A. Randegger drum.

Mr. Blumenthal rattle.

Dr. Stainer and Mr. Knlio trumpets.

Sir Julius Benedict bellriuger.

Mr. Engel triangle.

Mr. Manns and W. (!. Cusius. .first violins.
Carl Rosa and Mr. Santlry. .second violins.

Mr. Gauz viola.

Mr. Daubert violoncello.

Mr. Progatzky double-bass.

Mr. Cowen and J. F. Baruett. .. .pianoforte.
Henry Leslie conductor.

FEN, seven variations for pianoforte, in F,
by Beethoven, theme from a quartet in
Winter's Unterbrochenes Opferfest, written
iu 1799, and published by T. Mollo (Vi-
enna, 1799) ; Andre' (Offenbach, 1800) ;
Breitkopf & Hiirtel, Beethoven Werke,
Serie 17, No. 12. Thayer, Verzeichniss,

KING, ALFRED, born at Shelby, Essex,
England, April 24, 1837, still living, 1889.
Organist at Brighton since 1865, and to
Brighton corporation, 1878 ; Mus. Bac., Ox-
ford, 1872. Works: The Epiphany, ora-
torio ; Magnificat for Festal use ; Anthems ;
Part-songs; etc.

KING ARTHUR, opera, text by Dryden,
music by Henry Purcell, first represented
in London in 1791, with great success.
The subject is King Arthur's love for and
recovery of Emmeline, the blind daughter
of a tributary prince, who has been cap-
tured by Oswald, King of Kent. Oswald is
aided by Osmond the Saxon magician, and
his spirits, among whom is Grimbald ; Ar-
thur by Merlin. Emmeliue receives sight
through Philidel, a sylph, and is united to
Arthur. Among the best numbers are the
Saxons' sacrifice before battle with the
Britons; the Britons' battle song, "Come,
if you dare," frequently sung in after-years
by Sims Reeves ; Philidel's song, " Hither,
hither this way bend ; " the frost scene ex-
hibited by Osmond to Emmeline, after she
receives sight ; the Sirens' duet, " Two
daughters of this aged stream are we ; " and
Venus's song, " Fairest isle, ah 1 isles excel-
ling," in the concluding masque of mytho-
logical characters. This is Purcell's master-
piece, and was adapted for the modern stage
as Arthur anil Emmeliue and revived iu
1827 at the English Opera House, London.
Published by the Musical Antiquarian So-
ciety (London, 1843), with the omission of
four lost songs; only a few songs in the
Orpheus Britannicus" (London, 1G98),
and the version by Arue (1770) had been
previously published. Burney, iii. 492;
Hogarth, i. 160 ; Cummiugs, Purcell, 55.

KING, CHARLES, born at Bury St. Ed-
munds, Suffolk, 1687, died in London,
March 17, 1748. Organist, chorister in St.
Paul's under Dr. Blow and Jeremiah Clark ;
almoner and master of choristers, ib., 1707 ;
organist of St. Benet Fink, London, 1708 ;
Vicar choral, St. Paul's, 1730. His Services
are in constant use in Great Britain. Works :
Services in F, C, D, and B-flat ; Anthems.

KING DAVID, oratorio, by George Alex-
ander Macfarren, first performed at Leeds
(England), Oct. 12, 1883. It was sung by
Mine Valleria, Mine Patey, Edward Lloyd,
and Charles Santley. Athenteum (1883), ii.
504, G7G.



KING LEAK, overture by Antonio Baz-
ziui, first performed at the Crystal Palace,
London, Feb. 28, 1880. For this work
Bazziui received the first prize from the
Societa del Quartette of Milan. AtheuEeum
(1880) i. 290.

London, 1773, died there, January, 1823.

Online LibraryJohn Denison ChamplinCyclopedia of music and musicians (Volume 2) → online text (page 56 of 93)