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Dramatic composer, pupil of Charles Fred-
erick Horn. Works Musical dramas : Mat-
rimony, 1804; The Invisible Girl, 1806;
False Alarms (with Braharu), 1807 ; One
o'clock, or the Wood Demon (with Kelly),
1807 ; Ella Eosenberg, 1807 ; Up all Night,
1809; Plots, 1810; Oh this Love, 1810;
The Americans (with Braham), 1811 ; Ti-
mour the Tartar, 1811 ; The Fisherman's
Hut (with Davy), 1819 ; The Magicians (with
Braham). The Intercession, oratorio, 1817 ;
Quintet for pianoforte, flute, and strings,
op. 16 ; Sonatas for pianoforte, op. 1, 2, 5,
14 ; Rondos for do., op. 13, 22 ; Part-songs,
duets, and songs. Grove ; Fetis.

KING OLAF'S CHRISTMAS, cantata by
Dudlej' Buck, sung by the Apollo Club,
Brooklyn, N. Y., Nov.' 29, 1887, the com-
poser conducting.

KING, OLIVER, born in London, July
5, 1855, still living, 1889.
Pianist, articled in early
youth to Joseph Barnby,
under whom he studied
the pianoforte, organ,
harmony, and composi-
tion ; pupil in 1871 of
W. H. Holmes on the
pianoforte, and in 1874-
77, at the Leipsic Con-
servatorium, of Ernst
Richter, Reiuecke, Ja-
dassohn, Paul, and Hermann ; travelled in
1877 through Germany as pianist with
Madame Peschka-Leutner. In 1879 he was
appointed pianist to Princess Louise, whom
he accompanied to Canada, and with whom
he returned to England in 1883. During
his stay in America he gave pianoforte re-
citals iu the principal cities of the United




| States and of Canada, and in 1882 served
several mouths as organist at the church of
the Holy Innocents, New York. After 1883
he made concert tours through England,
Ireland, and Scotland ; in 1884-86 he was
precentor of St. Maryleboue Parish Church,
London ; and has been organist of Novel-
lo's Oratorio Concerts from their beginning.
Works : Night, symphony for orchestra ;
Among the Pines, concert overture, Lon-
don, 1883 (Philharmonic Society prize) ;
Concerto for pianoforte and orchestra,
1885 ; Sonata in D minor for violin and
pianoforte, 1886 ; Concerto for violin and
orchestra, 1887 ; Concert overture (No. 2)
in D minor, 1888 ; Psalni cxxxvii. for so-
prano solo, chorus, and orchestra, Chester
Triennial Festival, July 26, 1888 ; Sym-
phonic cantata for soprano, tenor, and bari-
tone, soli, double chorus, and orchestra, ib.,
id. ; Pianoforte solos ; Organ and harmo-
nium compositions ; Violin music ; Church
music ; Songs, part-songs, etc.

KING RENli'S DAUGHTER, cantata for
female voices, text by Frederick Euoch,
from Henrik Hertz's lyric drama, music
by Henry Smart, written in 1871. Upton,
Standard Cantatas, 330.

KING, ROBERT, English composer of
the 17th century, died after 1711. He was
graduated at Cambridge in 1696, and was
a member of the baud of William and
Mary and of Queen Anne. Works : Songs
in "Choice Ayres, Songs, and Dialogues"
(1684) ; Songs in Crowne's comedy, " Sir
Courtly Nice " (1685) ; Comes Amoris (1687
-93) ; The Banquet of Music (1688-92) ;
Music to Shadwell's Ode on St. Cecilia's
Day (1690) ; 24 " Songs for One, Two, and
Three voices, composed to a Thorough
Basse for ye Organ or Harpsichord " (Lon-
don, n. d.). Grove.

KING TROJAN, cantata, for soli, chorus,
and orchestra, text an English version of
Franz Alfred Muth's poem, music by Hora-
tio W. Parker, first performed in Munich
iu July, 1885. First given in America by
Jules Jordan in Providence, R. I., Feb. 8,



367



KING



1887. Performed at Chiekering Hall, New
York, Nov. 24, 1887. Upton, Standard
Cantatas. 292.

KING, WILLIAM, born at Winchester,
England, in 1624, died at Oxford, Nov. 17,
1CSO. Organist, chaplain of Magdalen Col-
lege, Oxford, 1650-54, then became proba-
tioner-fellow of All Souls' College, and in
1GG4 organist of New College, ib. He com-
posed a service in B-flat, anthems, and songs.
Grove ; Fetis.

KINKEL, CHARLES, born of German
parentage, in the Rhenish Palatinate, Ger-
many, Jan. 27, 1832, still living, 188'J. Pian-
ist, studied principally at Griiustadt, and at
Speyer on the Khiue. In 1850 he went to
America, settled in Cincinnati as a music
teacher, and is now professor of Music in
the Science Hill Female Academy, Shelby-
ville, Kentucky. Works : Pearl and Daisy
Polka ; Poly in nia Polka ; Postilion J'Amour ;
Mabel Mazurka ; Angel of Night ; Lover's
Serenade, and other pianoforte music.

KINKY (Kinsky), JOSEPH, born at Ol-
miitx, Moravia, in 1T'.H>, died ('?). Dramatic
composer, taught music in Vienna, then
played the viola in the orchestra of the
Theater an dor Wieu, where he became
assistant Kapellmeister to Scyfried, whom
he followed to the Karnthnerthor Theater.
He became Kapellmeister of the theatre in
drat/, and ten years later of the Joseph-
stadt Theater in Vienna ; retired to Olmiitz
several years before his death. His ballet
music was very popular. Works Operet-
tas : Der Fiirst uud tier Rauchfangkehrer ;
Loreuz als Rauberhauptmann ; Der Mieths-
manu ; Montag, Dieustag, Mittwoch (with
Gyrowetz and Seyfried) ; Sultan Wampum,
a quodlibet ; etc. Ballets ; Music to sev-
eral plays ; Overtures ; Marches ; Dances ;
Songs ; etc., all of which were popular in
Vienna. Fetis ; Mendel ; Schilling ; Wurz-
bach.

KIPPER, HERMANN, born at Coblentz,
Aug. 27, 1826, still living, 1889. Dramatic
composer, pupil of Anschiitz in Cobleutz,
and of H. Dorii in Cologne, where he sub-



sequently became professor of music. Ho
spent several years in Paris, as director of
the German Liederkranz. He wrote many
operettas for men's voices which were very
popular in the German singing societies.
The best known are : Der Fiirst wider Wil-
leu, Paris, 1867 ; Fidelia, ib., 1868 ; Die
Bardeu ; Der Quacksalber ; Kelluer und
Lord. He composed also duets and songs.
Mendel ; Fetis, Supplement, ii. 41.

KIRCHBAUER, ALPHONSUS, church
composer at Neresheim, Suabia, middle of
the 18th century. He was a Benedictine
monk and chancellor to the Bishop of Chur.
He published Jubilus curite coalestis in ter-
ivstri curia (Augsburg, 1731, 1740), and a
collection of seven short masses with instru-
mental accompaniment. Mendel ; Gerber ;
Walther ; Fetis.

KIRCHHOF, GOTTFRIED, born atMiihl-
beck, Prussian Saxony, Sept. 5, 1085, died
at Halle, March, 1746. Pianist and organ-
ist, pupil of Zachau in Halle ; Kapellmeister
to the Duke of Holsteiu-Gliicksbiirg, 170!) ;
organist of the Benedictine church at Qued-
linburg, 1711 ; music-director and organist
of St. Mary's, Halle, 1714. He published
suites and chorals for organ ; A. B. C. mu-
sical, a collection of fugues and preludes
for pianoforte (Amsterdam). Mendel ; Ger-
ber ; Walther ; Fetis.

KIKCHNER, THEODOR, born at Neu-
kircheu, near Chemnitz, Saxony, Dec. 10,
1824, still living, 1889. Pianist and organ-
ist, pupil at the Leipsic Conservatorium,
then organist at Winterthur until 1862,
when he went to Zurich, where he con-
ducted for ten years a musical society.
After living at Meiningeu in 1872-73, he
was appointed director of the royal school
of music at Wiirzburg in 1875, but resigned
in the same year and settled at Leipsic,
whence he was called to Dresden as pro-
fessor at the Conservatorium. His name
has become widely known in musical circles
especially by his piano-forte compositions,
which he developed in a manner quite char-
acteristic. Works : 10 Lieder, op. 1 ; 4



KIRKMAX




do., op. 4; do., op. G ; 3 do., op. 40 ; 6 do.,
op. 50 ; 10 Klavierstiicke, op. 2 ; do., op. 19 ; 6
do., op. 45 ; 6 Miidcheu-
lieder, op. 3 ; Gruss an
meine Freuude, op. 5 ;
Album blatter, op. 7 ;
Scherzo, op. 8 ; do., op.
54 ; Priiludien, op. 9 ;
Zwei Konige, ballad for
baritone, op. 10 ; Skiz-
zen, op. 11; Adagio quasi
fantasia, op. 12 ; Lieder
ohue Worte, op. 13 ; Phantasiestiicke, op.
14 ; Em Gedeukblatt, serenade for piano-
forte, violin, and violoncello, op. 15 ; Kleine
Lust- uud Trauerspiele, op. 16 ; Neue Da-
vidsbiiudlertiinze, op. 17 ; Legenden, op.
18 ; String quartet, op. 20 ; Aquarellen, op.
21 ; Romauzen, op. 22 ; Walzer, op. 23 ; do.,
op. 34 ; Still und bewegt, op. 24 ; Nacht-
bilder, op. 25 ; Album, op. 26 ; Capriceu,
op. 27 ; Nocturnen, op. 28 ; Aus meiuem
Skizzeubuch, op. 29 ; Studieu und Stiicke,
op. 30 ; Im Zwielicht, op. 31 ; Aus triiben
Tagen, op. 32 ; Ideale, op. 33 ; Spielsacben,
op. 35 ; Phautasien am Klavier, op. 36 : 4
Elegien, op. 37 ; 12 Etiiden, op. 38 ; Dorfge-
scbicbteu, op. 39 ; Verwebte Blatter, op. 41 ;
Mazurkas, op. 42 ; 4 Polouiisen, op. 43 ;
Blumen zum Strauss, op. 44 ; 30 Kinder-
und Kunstlertanze, op. 46 ; Federzeichnuug-
en, op. 47 ; Humoreskeu, op. 48 ; Neue
Albumblatter, op. 49 ; An Stephen Heller,
op. 51 ; Ein neues Klavierbuch, op. 52 ;
Florestau und Eusebius, op. 53 ; In stillen
Stunden, op. 56 ; Kindertrios, for piano-
forte, violin, and violoncello, op. 58 ; 60
Priiludien, op. 65 ; Die 12 Monate des
Jabres, op. 78 ; Sonata for trio ; Polonaise




for two pianofortes ; Etude in C ; Many
transcriptions of songs by Brahms, Jen-
sen, etc. Rieuiann ; Mus. Wochenblatt, iii.



1 439 ; v. 120 ; ix. 147, 172, 419 ; x. 90, 318,
612.

KIRKMAN, JAN, Dutch composer, born
middle of the 18th century, died at Nor-
wich, England, in 1799. He was organist
of the Reformed Lutheran chapel in Lon-
don, in 1782. Works : 3 Trios for piano-
forte and strings, op. 1 ; 4 Sonatas for pi-
anoforte ; Versets for the psalms for organ
(with Keeble) ; 2 Sonatas and a duo, op. 6 ;
3 Sonatas for pianoforte and violin ; Organ
pieces, op. 9 ; 8 Ballads, op. 10 ; 4 Rondos
for pianoforte, op. 14. Fetis ; Gerber ;
Gregoir, 102.

KIRMAYR, FRIED RICH JOSEPH,
born in Munich in 1770, died at Gotha in
1814. Son and pupil of Wolfgang Kirmayr
(chamber musician to the Elector of Ba-
varia, died in Munich, 1795) ; after passing
his examinations in the law, he determined
on a musical career and visited Germany,
Italy, France, Switzerland, and Holland in
1793. During a second visit to Berlin, in
1795, he became musical instructor to the
Princess Royal, afterwards Queen Louisa of
Prussia, and of the Princess Ludwig. In
1799 he was a bass-singer in the Royal The-
atre in Cassel, and in 1803 Couzertmeister
to the Duke of Gotha. Works : Sonatas
for pianoforte, with violin and violoncello,
op. 9, 13, 21, 22, 23 ; do. for pianoforte
solo, op. 2, 5, 12, 17, 19 ; Detached pieces
for do., op. 20 ; Themes varies (about 30
works) ; 4 Symphonies for orchestra ; etc.
Gerber ; Schilling ; Fetis.

KIRMS, KARL FERDINAND, born in
Dresden, Dec. 20, 1824, died at Donau-
wijrth, March 9, 1854. Virtuoso on several
instruments, and church composer, lost his
eyesight at the age of four, and was edu-
cated in the Royal Institution for the blind,
1832-41 ; he made successful concert tours
through South Germany, and settled at
DouauwOrth in 1848. Works : 5 Masses ;
Requiem, and Libera ; 2 Vespers ; Oelbergs-
andacht ; Te Deuin ; 2 Miserere ; 2 Litan-
ies ; Graduala for Sundays and Feast-days
throughout the year ; Graduals and offer-



369



KIRNBERGER




lories ; Instrumental music, and songs.
Mendel.

KIRNBERGER, J OH ANN PHILIPP,
born at Saalfeld,
Thuringia, April
24, 1721, died in
Berlin, July 26
(27), 1783. Or-
ganist, violinist,
contrapuntist, and
famous theoretical
writer, pupil of Jo-
lianu Peter Kell-
ner at Grilfenroda,
and of Gerber at
Sondershausen, on the organ, of Meil at
Sondershausen, on the violin, then (1739)
pupil of Bach at Leipsie. In 1741-50 he
was tutor and musical director in different
places in Poland, last at the Nunnery in
Lemberg ; returned to Germany about
1751, and studied violin under Fielder in
Dresden. Soon after he became violinist in
the royal orchestra at Berlin, and in 17">S Ka-
pellmeister to Princess Ainalie. Among his
pupils were Fasch, Zelter, and Schulz. His
compositions, consisting of cantatas, motets,
psalms, chorals, songs, pianoforte and organ
fugues, minuets for 2 violins, oboes, flutes,
horns, and continue), solos for the flute, etc.,
arc very learned and correct, but unattrac-
tive, and are now forgotten. He is impor-




tant, however, as a writer, and his most
prominent work is " Die Kunst des reiuen
Satzcs" (Berlin, 1774-70). Allgem. d.
Biogr., xvi. 24 ; Fetis ; Gerber ; Mendel ;
Riemann ; Schilling.

KIRSTEN, JO H ANN GOTTFRIED,
born at Luckau, Lusatia, Sept. 5, 1735, died
in Dresden in November, 1815. Organist,
pupil of his father, the city musician, later
of the organist Schaden, and finally of
Graun, in Berlin. In 175G he became mu-



sic-director to Count Promnitz, at Drehna,
after whose death he went to Dresden, and
became organist of the Reformed church
in 17G7, and court organist in 1789. He
left in MS. many cantatas, motets, piano-
forte works, etc. His sou and pupil, Fried-
rich Georg (born Jan. 15, 17G9, died Aug.
10, 1825), succeeded him as organist at the
Reformed church in 1789, and became his
assistant at the Hofkirche in 1794. Men-
del ; Gerber.

KIRSTEN, MICHAEL, born at Lessen,
Silesia, in October, 1082, died at Breslau,
June 28, 1742. Organist, son of a poor
cobbler, and serf; he played dance music
at country fetes on a dulcimer, saving up
his earnings to buy a spinet on which he
practised ; finally studied the organ at Brieg
under Kaspar Schroter. Seven years later
he was organist, cantor, carillonneur, and
court and city musician at Louvain, where
he remained fourteen years. In 1720 he
became organist of the Maria-Magdalena
church at Breslau. He composed organ
music, chorals, etc., and much dance music,
while city musician. Mendel ; Gerber ;
Schilling ; Fetis.

KIST, FLORENT CORNEILLE, born
at Aruheim, Jan. 28, 179G, died at Utrecht,
March 23, 1863. Vocal composer, learned
earlv the pianoforte, flute, and horn, but
studied medicine at Leyden, and practised
it at The Hague in 1818-25. He founded
and directed musical societies at Delft and
The Hague, settled at Utrecht in 1841, ed-
ited the Nederlandsch muzikaal Tijdschrift
until 1844, then founded the Ciicilia, which
he conducted for about twenty years. He
was a member of many musical societies.
Works : Cantata for male voices, with or-
chestra ; Le peleriu, cantata for children's
voices, chorus, and pianoforte ; Ernst und
Freude, overture, 1842 ; many chorals,
canons, and fugues ; Romances, Italian
arias, and German melodies, with piano-
forte, etc. He published : Toestand van
het protestantische Kerkgezang in Neder-
land (Utrecht, 1840); a life of Orlando



871



KISTLEll



Lasso ; many articles in musical journals.
Fetis ; Rieinanu ; Viotta.

KISTLER, CYEILL, born in Bavaria,
March 12, 1848, still living, 1889. Dra-
matic composer, studied in Munich, taught
a few years at the Sondershausen Couserva-
torium, then settled at Bayreuth. His
opera Kuiiihild, given at Sondershausen in
1884, was much extolled by the Wagner
press, but has not been produced elsewhere.

KITTEL, JOHANN CHRISTIAN, born
at Erfurt, Feb. 18, 1732, died there, May
9, 1809. Organist, last pupil of Johanu Se-
bastian Bach ; became organist at Langen-
salza, and in 1756 at the Predigerkirche in
Erfurt. In spite of his great reputation, he
was obliged to eke out his miserable pay
by teaching, and as late as 1800 his pov-
erty compelled him to make an artistic tour
through northwestern Germany. A small
pension was given him by Prince Priinas
von Dalberg. He honored the memory of
his master, Bach, with a touching reverence.
Works : Neues Choralbuch (Altona, 1803) ;
Der praktische Organist, oder Anweisung
zum zweckmi'issigen Gebrauch dor Orgel
beim Gottesdienst (in 3 books, 1801-8, Er-
furt ; 3d ed., 1831) ; Grand preludes for
organ ; G sonatas, and variations for the
pianoforte ; 24 chorals ; Hyuine an das Jahr-
hundert (1801). Allgem. d. Biogr., xvi. 45;
Fetis ; Gerber ; Mendel ; Riemann ; Schill-
ing, iv. 112 ; do., Supplement, 239.

KITTL, JOHANN FRIEDRICH, born at
Schloss Worlik, Bohemia, May 8, 1806, died
at Lissa, Poseu, July 20, 1868. Dramatic
composer, pupil of Sawora in Prague, and
also of Tomaschek ; became director of the
Prague Conservatorium in 1843, succeeding
Dionys Weber, and in 1865 retired to Pol-
nisch-Lissa. Works Operas: Daphuis*
Grab, given in Prague, 1825 ; Bianca und
Giuseppe, oder Die Franzosen vor Nizza
(text by Richard Wagner), ib., 1848 ; Wald-
blume, ib., 1852 ; Die Bilderstiirmer, ib.,
1854 ; Solemn mass for soli, chorus, and
orchestra, ib., Dominican church, 1844 ;
Other masses ; Cantatas ; Symphony in D



minor ; Jagd-Symphouie, op. 9 (dedicated
to Mendelssohn), Leipsic, Gewaudhaus Con-
certs, 1840 ; 3d Symphony, op. 24 ; Con-
cert overture, op. 22 ; Nonet, for pianoforte,
flute, oboe, clarinet, 2 horns, and strings ;
Septet, for do., op. 25 ; Trio for pianoforte
and strings, op. 28 ; pianoforte music and
songs. Fetis ; Mendel ; Slovnik naucny
(Prague, 1859), iv. 669 ; Wiener allgem.
Mus. Zeitg. (1844), 599, 603, 607, 616;
Wurzbach.

KITZLER, OTTO, born in Dresden,
March 26, 1834, still living, 1889. Violon-
cellist, pupil of Johauu Schneider on the
pianoforte, of Julius Otto in theory, and of
Ernst Kuinmer on the violoncello ; finished
his studies at the Brussels Conservatoire,
under Servais and Fetis. He was then for
three years violoncellist in the theatre or-
chestras at Strasburg and Lyons, and
orchestra leader at Troyes. In 1857 he
founded a German singing society for men
in Lyons ; was Kapellmeister successively
of the theatres at Linz (1858-60, and 1861-
63), KiJnigsberg (1860-61), Temesvar and
Hermanustadt (1863-65), and Briiuu until
1868, when he became director of the Mu-
sikvereiu and of its music school, and con-
ductor of the Mannergesaugvereiu there.
His sonata for violoncello and pianoforte
was highly commended at Mannheim ; he
wrote a Festhymnus on the 50th birthday
of Johanu Schneider, besides orchestral,
and vocal music. Mendel ; Riemanu.

KJERULF, HALFDAN, born Sept. 17,
1815, died in Chris-
tian ia, Norway, Aug.
11, 1868. A theologi-
cal student, he took
up music as a pro-
fession, and studied at
Leipsic ; on his return
he settled as music
teacher at Christiauia.
His songs, sung by
Son tag, Jenny Lind,
and Nilsson, became popular. He composed
also pianoforte music for two and four hands,




r



371



KLAUS



much of which was published in Berlin
(1875). His songs and Romances are in
Norwegian, Danish, French, German, and
English. A monument was erected to his
memory at Christiania in 187-4. Mendel.

KLAUS, JOSEPH, born at Seitendorf,
near Zittau, March 27, 1775, died there,
March 1, 1834. Organist, pupil of Anton
Kretschmer at Gruuau, near Ostritz ; and in
his ninth year was able to accompany diffi-
cult masses. Called by his father's death
to take charge of his business, he still con-
tinued his musical studies, and soon be-
came an authority in his art far beyond
local limits. Works : A little opera ; '2
solemn masses; 3 Requiems ; 5 cantatas ;
14 psalms ; 6 offertories ; 4 Ave Maris
Stella ; 4 Salve Regiua ; 2 Eegina Creli ; 2
Magnificat ; 42 funeral chants, and other
church music ; Trio for strings ; Concerto
for horn ; Nocturne for do. ; duos and trk>s
for do. ; Preludes for organ ; Sonatas, and
variations for pianoforte ; 8 marches ; 12
polonaises ; Songs. Fc'-tis ; Schilling.

KLAUS, VICTOR, born at Beruburg,
Nov. 24, 1805, still living, 1889. Organist
in his native town ; became Kapellmeister
to the Duke of Ballenstedt in 1837, and to
the Prince of Auhalt-Bernburg in 1847. He
was remarkable for his playing of Bach's
fugues. He published symphonies, over-
tures, chorals, songs, hymns, and organ and
pianoforte music. Frtis.

KLAUWELL, ADOLPH, born at Langen-
salza, Thuringia, Dec. 31, 1818, died at
Leipsic, Nov. 21, 1879. Vocal and instru-
mental composer, pupil at the seminary of
Weissenfels of Hentschel, Harnisch, and
Prange ; taught in several villages in Sax-
ony, in 1838-54, then for many years at
Leipsic. He is known as a composer
through his songs for children, choruses
for male voices, and pieces for 2 and 4
hands for young pianists. Mendel ; Rie-
mann.

KLAUWELL, OTTO, born at Langen-
salza, Thuriugia, April 7, 1851, still liv-
ing, 1889. Instrumental composer, nephew



of the preceding, pupil of Reinecke and
Richter at the Conservatorium in Leipsic,
where he also took his degree as doctor at
the university in 1874. He was appointed
professor of pianoforte, theory, and the his-
tory of music at the Conservatorium, Co-
logne, in 1875, and he took charge also of
the seminary classes for pianoforte in 1884.
He has composed overtures, chamber music,
pianoforte pieces, and songs, and published
several valuable treatises. His romantic
opera Das Mddchen vorn See, will be given,
this year, at the Stadttheater of Cologne.
Riemann.

KLAVIERBUCHLEIN, DAS, two music-
books kept by Johann Sebastian Bach and
his second wife, Anna Magdalena. The first
is dated 1722, and was probably begun after
their marriage. It contains the choral, Jesu
meiue Zuversicht, a fragment of a fantasia
for the organ, a minuet, a set of rules for
thorough-bass, and sketches that were after-
ward worked out in the French suites.
The second book is dated 1725, and in-
cludes two French suites, the C major pre-
lude of the Wohltemperirte Klavier, two
partitas (A minor and E minor) in part I. of
the Klavieriibung, the air in part IV., hymns,
songs and arias written for Anna Magda-
lena, and several short pieces written by
her. The autograph copy of these books is
in the Konigliche Bibliothek, Berlin. Bach
also arranged in CiJtheu a Klavierbiichleiu,
dated Jan. 22, 1720, for his son, Wilhelm
Friedemann. It contains progressive stud-
ies, including preambles, the choral, Jesu
meine Freude, allemandes, and many pre-
ludes that were revised for the Wohltem-
prrirte Klavier. Spitta, Bach, i. GGO, 755,
748.

KLAVIER-UBUNG (Clavier Practice), a
collection of pieces for the pianoforte or
organ, in four parts, by Johann Sebastian
Bach, op. 1. I. Six Partitas ; H. Concerto,
Partita; HI. Chorale vorspiele und Duetten,
containing arrangements of the Lutheran
Catechism Hymns ; IV. Aria with 30 vari-
ations. Bach sent an autograph copy of



KLEBER



the first partita, with a dedicatory poem, to
the cradle of Emanuel Ludwig, son of
Prince Leopold of Saxony, who was born
in 172G when Bach had just finished this
work. Bach published Part I. in 1731 and
Part III in 1736. Part H was publish-
ed by Christoph Weigl (Nuremberg, 1735),
and Part IV. by Balthasar Schmidt (ib.,
1742). Published by the Bach-Gesellschaft,
Klavier works, vol. i. (Leipsic, 1855).
Spitta, Bach.

KLEBER, HENEY, born, of German par-
entage, in Darmstadt, Germany, May 4,
1818, still living, 1889. Organist, educated
in Darmstadt, where he studied the piano-
forte under Ignaz Franz. In 1832 he went
to America, and in 1838 began to teach pi-
anoforte and singing ; in 1840-50 he was
organist of the cathedral in Pittsburgh,
Penn., and later of the Third Presbyterian
Church of that city. In 1840 he organized
the first brass baud west of the Alleghauies,
for which he wrote a number of composi-
tions. In 1848 he founded in Pittsburgh
an operatic singing society. Works : Atlan-
tic Telegraph, schottisch ; Come out of the
"Wilderness, polka ; Hazel Dell, waltz ; Bain-
bow Schottisch ; Stolen Kiss, galop ; Target
March, and other works for pianoforte.

KLEEBEKG, CHRISTIAN GOTTLIEB,
born at Gautsch, near Leipsic, April 12,
1766, died at Gera, June 22, 1811. Organ-
ist ; studied theology in Leipsic, but de-
voted his time chiefly to the practice of the
pianoforte and violin. With three other
musical friends, Reuter, Wagner, and
Fournes, he formed a string quartet and
started on a professional tour ; they soon
separated, and he settled as teacher at
Weida, and in 1790 became organist at
Gera. Works : 3 duos for violins ; Sonatas
and other music for pianoforte ; Concerto
for pianoforte and harp ; Canon for three
voices, with chorus and pianoforte ; Songs ;
Church music, and an opera. Mendel ;
Schilling ; F<His.

KLEEMAN, KARL, born at Rudolstadt,
Thuriugia, Sept. 9, 1848, still living, 1889.



Instrumental and vocal composer, pupil of
Friedrich Miiller ; began as conductor of a
singing society in Westphalia, went to Italy
in 1878 for several years, and after his
return was appointed assistant conductor
of opera, and ducal director of music at
Dessau. Works : Music to Grillparzer's
drama, Der Traum ein Leben, frequently
performed ; 2 symphonies ; Choral works,
pianoforte music, and songs. Riemarin.

KLEFFEL, ARNO, born at Possneck,
Saxe-Meiuingeu, Sept. 4, 1840, still living,
1889. Dramatic composer ; studied the-
ology at Meiningen, but adopted music as
a profession and became a pupil of Moritz



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