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Hauptmauu at Leipsic. In 1863-67 he was
leader of the Musical Society of Riga, and
was subsequently Kapellmeister at the-
atres in Cologne, Amsterdam, Detmold,
Bremen, Gurlitz, Breslau, and Stettin, of
the Friedrich-Wilhelmstadtisches Theater,
Berlin, in 1873-80, then at Augsburg and
Magdeburg. Works : Des Meermanns Harfe,
opera, given at Riga, 1867 ; Music to the
Christmas fairy tale, Die Wichtelniiiunehen ;
Overtures ; String quartet ; Violin and pi-
anoforte music ; Choruses for male voices,
and songs. Mendel ; Riemann.

KLEIN, BERNHARD, born at Cologne,
March 6, 1793, died in Berlin, Sept. 9, 1832.
Church composer, pupil of Zier on the
pianoforte ; went in 1812 to Paris, where
he benefited by Cherubim's advice. On
his return to his native place he conducted
the music at the cathedral. In 1819 he
was sent officially to Berlin to study Zelter's
method of instruction, and remained there
as professor of thorough-bass and counter-
point at the newly founded school for or-
ganists, and as director of music and vocal
instructor at the university. He visited
Italy in 1823, and in Rome became ac-
quainted with Baini. Works Operas: Di-
do, Berlin, 1823 ; Ariadne, Berlin, 1824 ;
Two acts of Irene ; Music to Raupach's
tragedy, Die Erdenuacht. Oratorios: Hiob,
Leipsic, 1820 ; Jephtha, Cologne, Rhenish
Music Festival, 1828 ; David, Halle, 1830 ;



Athalia. Cantata for Good Friday (unfin-
ished) ; Worte des Glaubens, cantata (1817) ;
3 masses ; Pater iioster for eight voices in
two choirs ; Stabat Mater ; Magnificats, and
many other sacred compositions ; Sonatas,
and variations for pianoforte ; Many ballads
and songs. Allgern. d. Biogr., xvi. 78 ; All-
gein. rnus. Zeit. ; Fetis ; Ledebur, Tou-
kiinstl. Lex. Berlins ; N. Zeitschr. f. Mus.,
iii. 5-201.

KLEIN, BRUNO OSCAR, born at Osna-
briick, Hanover, June
C, 1856, still living,
1889. Organist, son
and pupil on the pi-
anoforte of Musik-
dircktor Carl Klein ;
thru studied, at the
Munich Couservato-
riuin, counterpoint un-
der Josef Rheiuberger,
score-reading 11 u d e r
Franz Wiillner, and
pianoforte under Carl Baermanu. When
only seventeen years old he published a
few compositions which elicited an encour-
aging letter from Liszt. In 1878 he went
to the United States to visit a brother in
Philadelphia, but returned to Germany in
1880; in 1881 he settled permanently in
New York, where he has been, since 1884,
organist of the College ami Church of St.
Francis Xavier, and hi-ad "I (lie pianoforte
department at the Manhattanville Academy
of the Sacred Heart. In 1888 he became
also professor of counterpoint and composi-
tion at the National Conservatory. Works :
Sonata in G minor for pianoforte, op. 1 ; G
songs for one voice with pianoforte, op. 2 ;
do., op. 3 ; do., op. 8 ; do., op. 36 ; 4 songs
for mixed chorus, op. 4 ; 6 songs for male
chorus, op. 5 ; String quartet, op. 6 ; Sere-
nade for string orchestra, op. 7 ; 8 folk-
songs for one voice with pianoforte, op. 9 ;
Sonata in G for pianoforte and violin, op.

10 ; 5 sacred motets for mixed chorus, op.

11 ; 4 do., op. 12 ; 6 pieces for pianoforte,
op. 13 ; 2 uotturuos for pianoforte, op. 14 ;

Valse caprice for pianoforte, op. 15 ; 2d
do., op. 16 ; Pilgrimage to Kevlaar, ballad
for baritone and orchestra, op. 17 ; Elf en -
miihrchen, concert-piece for pianoforte, op.
18 ; Scenes de ballet for orchestra, op. 19 ;
Dreams, 5 lyric pieces for pianoforte, op.
20 ; Margaret before the Mater Dolorosa
and Margaret at the Spinning-wheel, 2 pieces
for pianoforte, op. 21 ; Romance and Spin-
ning Song, 2 concert-pieces for violin with
orchestra, op. 22 ; 2 sacred duets for so-
prano and baritone, op. 23 ; 2 overtures for
orchestra, in old and modern style, op. 24 ;
Suite for pianoforte, op. 25 ; Ingeborg's La-
ment, for soprano with orchestra, op. 26 ;
Sacred motets, op. 27 ; do., op. 28 ; Liebes-
lied and Hbchzeitklange, 2 pieces for or-
chestra; op. 29 ; Concerto in A minor for
pianoforte, op. 30 ; Mass for chorus and
organ, op. 31 ; do., op. 33 ; Deux morceaux,
for pianoforte, op. 32 ; do., op. 37 ; Trois
do., op. 35 ; Sonata in C for pianoforte and
violoncello, op. 34 ; Ballade for violin with
orchestra, op. 38 ; Romance et valse no-
ble, for pianoforte, op. 39. Published by
Schirmer (New York), Leuckart (Berlin),
Hofmeister (Leipsic), and Praeger & Meyer

male soli and chorus, and small orchestra,
text by Em. Schikaueder, music by Mozart,
first performed at a Masonic festival in Vi-
enna, Nov. 15, 1791, Mozart conducting.
It is dated Nov. 15, 1791, and is Mozart's
last work. It is known also under the title,
Lob der Freundschaft (Praise of Friend-
ship). There are six numbers : I. Chorus,
Laut verkiiude uns're Freude ; H. Recita-
tive, Zum ersten Male ; III. Tenor aria,
Dieser Gottheit Alhuacht ; IV. Recitative,
"Wolilan ihr Briider ; V. Duet, Lange
sollen diese Maueru ; VI. Chorus, Lasst uns
mit geschlung'uen Hundeu. Published by
Jos. Hraschanzky (Vienna, 1792) ; Breit-
kopf & Hiirtel, Mozart's Werke, Serie IV.,
No. 3. Upton, Standard Cantatas, 279 ;
Jahn, Mozart, iii. 412 ; KOchel, Verzeich-
niss, 623.



KLEIN, HEINRICH, born at Rudels-
clorf, Moravia, iu 1750, died at Presburg
in 1830. Organist and pianist, learned
contrapuntist, pupil of Aschermann at Zup-
tau. He was a good organist at the age of
eight, but studied under Hartenschneider,
organist of the cathedral at Olmiitz, for five
years afterwards ; about 1773 he became
Kapellmeister to Count Hodicz, and some
years after settled at Presburg, where he was
appointed professor in the National School
of Music, in 179C. He composed church
music, and published songs and pianoforte
music. He made improvements in the key-
ed harmonium and invented a species of
orchestrion. Works : 12 masses ; Te Deum ;
Collection of church music for the entire
year ; 2 cantatas ; Fantasia for pianoforte ;
12 songs with pianoforte, etc. Allgem. d.
Biogr., xvi. 91 ; Allgem. mus. Zeitg., i. 675 ;
iv. 380 ; Dlabacz ; Gerber ; Wurzbach.

born at Miudelheim, Suabia, July 3, 1772,
died at Pesth in 1832. Pianist, pupil at
the convent school at Memmiugen ; he was
iu the Bavarian state service, but finally
adopted music as a profession, and stud-
ied counterpoint in Vienna in 1799 under
Albrechtsberger. He became musical in-
structor in the family of Count von Bruns-
wick ; later, Kapellmeister of the theatre at
Briinn, and in 1809 of one in Pesth. Works :
Harald, opera; Der Kiifig, do. ; 2 orato-
rios ; 2 masses ; Overtures, entr'actes, and
incidental music to various dramas, etc. ; 2
trios ; 16 sonatas for pianoforte ; Variations ;
Ballads, romances, and songs. Fetis ; Ger-
ber ; Mendel ; Wurzbach.

born at his castle near Mannheim in 1794,
died at Assmauushauseu, Feb. 13, 1870.
Amateur pianist and composer, pupil of
Gottfried Weber at Mannheim, and of
Zulehner at Mainz ; visited Paris in 1817,
and was much encouraged by Mehul, and
after his return to Germany by Beethoven.
Works : Trio for pianoforte and strings ;
Sonatas for pianoforte and violin ; Friih-

I lings-Phantasie, for pianoforte ; Gradual for
5 voices ; Songs ; 3 symphonies ; Overture
to Othello ; Concert overture ; 7 quartets
for strings. He published also, Musika-
lischer Katechismus (Biugen, 1842). Futis ;
Mendel ; Schilling.

born at Ulm, June 8, 1722, died at Ans-
pach, Aug. 14, 1794. Virtuoso on the flute,
entered the court orchestra at Bayreuth as
first flutist, and with it went in 1750 to
Anspach, where he afterwards became its
director. Composed symphonies, con-
certos, sonatas, and other music for flute,
and various instruments. Fetis ; Schilling.

Posen, Dec. 31, 1846, still living, 1889. Pi-
anist, pupil of his father, a bandmaster, and
at the Leipsic Couservatorium (1863-66) of
Hauptmauu, Richter, Moscheles, Reiiiecke,
and Plaidy. He settled in Hamburg as
teacher, and in 1876 removed to Leipsic,
where he became music director at the
Stadttheater in 1882. Works : Manon, op-
era ; Schloss de Lorrne, do., given at Ham-
burg, 1883 ; 2 symphonies ; Concert over-
ture ; Trio for pianoforte and strings ; Other
chamber music, pianoforte pieces, and
songs. Mendel, Erganz., 189 ; Riemann.

KLEMME, JOHANN, born about 1593,
died in 1660. Organist and church com-
poser, pupil at Augsburg of Christian Er-
baeh, and at Dresden of Heinrich Schiitz.
In 1625 he succeeded Georg Kretzschniar
as court organist. He published German
madrigals for four, five, and six voices
(Freiburg, 1629) ; 36 fugues (Dresden,
1631). Fetis ; Gerber; Schilling; Men-
.lel ; Burney, Hist., iii. 574 ; Hawkins, iv. 83.

KLEMM, FRIEDRICH, born iu Vienna,
March 29, 1795, died at Meidling, near Vi-
enna, Sept. 13, 1854. Amateur composer,
pupil of Jacob Schauer and Josef Heiden-
reich. He was for years one of the trustees
of the Couservatorium in Vienna. He com-
posed masses, psalms, overtures, violin
quartets, songs, etc. Fetis ; Schilling ;




born ill Dresden, Jan. 29, 1784, died there,
Nov. 22, 1852. Pianist, sou of the land-
scape painter Klengel, pupil of Milchmeyer
and of Clementi, with whom he visited sev-
eral German cities and in 1805 went to
Russia. At St. Petersburg, where they sep-
arated, Kleugel remained until 1811, then
studied in Paris until 1813, when the war
induced him to go to Italy. In 1814 he
returned to Dresden, played at court with
much success, then lived in London, 1815-
16, and was appointed court organist at
Dresden in 1816. After that he left Dres-
den only to visit Paris in 1828, and Brussels
in 1851 and 1852. Works : Les avaut-cou-
reurs (Dresden, 1841) ; Canons urid Fugen
(Leipsic, 1854) ; 2 concertos for pianoforte,
op. 4, 29 ; Polonaise coucertante, for piano-
forte, flute, clarinet, and strings, op. 35 ;
Trio for pianoforte and strings, op. 36 ;
Sonatas; Rondos ; Nocturnes, etc. Allgem.
d. Biogr., xvi. 159 ; Fetis ; Rieuiaun ; Men-
del ; Schilling.

KLENGEL, JULIUS, Lorn at Leipsic,
S.jit. -JI. 1 s.V.i. still living, 1SS9. Virtuoso
on the violoncello, grand-nephew of the pre-
ceding; pupil of Emil Hegar, and in < i-

position of Jadassohn. In his fifteenth
year he entered the Gewandhaus orchestra,
and at sixteen played as a virtuoso in Frank-
fort. Ho rapidly earned reputation as one
of the most remarkable masters of his in-
strument, and became first violoncellist in
the Gewandhaus orchestra, and instructor
at the Couservatorium, Leipsic. He has
composed a concertino, op. 7, a concerto, op.
Id, and several other works for his instru-

Baden, near Vienna, in 1830, died there,
Sept. 27, 1875. Dramatic composer, Ka-
pellmeister of the theatre at Klagenfurt,
when only eighteen years old ; then succes-
sively at Oedeuburg, Presburg, Gratz, and
Cracow. He was at Baden in 1856, at
Trieste in 1857, at the opera in Pesth three
years, at the Karl-Theater, Vienna, four years,

and then at the Theater an der Wien. In
1867 he became director of the Harmonic-
Theater, Vienna, and in 1868 of the city
theatre at Baden. Works : Die Nixe, ro-
mantic opera, given with great success at
Oedeuburg, Cracow, and Pesth. Operettas :
Die bose Nachbarin, Vienna, Karl-Theater ;
Die Mulleriu von Marly, ib. ; Die beiden
Stotterer, ib. ; Die Braut aus der Resideuz,
ib. ; Fridolin, ib., Harmonie-Theater ; Die
tanzenden Blunien, ib., Theater an der Wien ;
Die Macht der Frauen, Baden ; and other
music for the stage. Mendel.

KLINDWORTH, KARL, born at Han-
over, Sept. 25, 1830, still living, 1889. Pi-
anist, pupil of Liszt at Weimar, where
Hans von Billow, Dyonis Pruckner, and
William Mason were his fellow-students.
He lived in London, in 1854-68, as con-
ductor and teacher ; was professor of the
pianoforte at the Moscow Couservatorium, in
( 1868-84, then went to Berlin, to conduct
the Philharmonic concerts conjointly with
Joachim and Wiillner ; was in America in
1887-88. Works: Fautaisie-Polouaise for
pianoforte ; May song for 2 female voices,
Pense-tu, que ce soit t'aimer, romance for
tenor or soprano, etc. Far more important
are his literary works : A critical edition of
Chopin ; do. of Beethoven's Sonatas ; Piano-
forte score of W T agner's Ring des Nibelung-
en, etc. Mendel ; Grove ; Riemaun.

born in Paris, Feb. 17, 1842, still living,
|ss;i. Virtuoso on the horn, and dramatic
composer ; settled at Geneva, where he is
musical instructor at several schools, and di-
, rector of military music. Works Operas :
! Le dernier des Paladins, given at Geneva,
1863 ; Les dieux rivaux, ib., 1864 ; Reine
Berthe ; La doesse de la liberto ; Le flutiste,
1877 ; Le castel de Ripaille, opera-bouffe.
L't'chafaud de Berthelier, patriotic scene ;
Music to the tragedy Huss ; J. J. Rousseau,
cantata ; Stabat Mater ; L'escalade de Ge-
neve, symphonic poem ; Le Saleve, sympho-
uie pittoresque ; Adieux de Winkelried, t'le-
gie ; Overtures for orchestra ; Symphonic



concertante, for flute, oboe, clarinet, horn,
and bassoon, with orchestra; Quartet for
pianoforte, and strings ; Trio for do. ; Con-
certo for horn, with orchestra or pianoforte ;
Many dances, and pieces for military band ;
Method for the horn ; Etudes for do., etc.
Mendel, Ergiinz., 189 ; Riemann.

HELM, born at Sulau, Silesia, June 6, 1800,
died at Gurlitz, April 2, 1888. Violinist,
sou and pupil of the cantor and organist of
Sulau, then pupil at Breslau, 1820-25, of
Neugebauer, Taschenberg, Ressel, and J.
Schnabel. lu 1830 he began to study the-
ology at the University of Breslau, but gave
it up after one year, having been appointed
director of the Academical Music Society,
which he conducted for six years. He was
subsequently leader of the Kiinstlervereiu,
and in 1840 became cantor of St. Peter's
at Gorlitz. In 1844 he was made roval
director of music. He composed church
music ; A symphony, ouvertures, and other
instrumental music ; Choruses, songs, etc.
Mendel ; Fi'tis.

poser of the first half of the 17th century.
Monk, music director in the Cathedral of
Augsburg about 1GOO, where his MSS. are
preserved. His printed works were : Trino-
diarum Sacrarum (Dilliugen, 1005) ; Sym-
phoniarum, etc. (Munich, 1607) ; Rosetum
Marianum, etc., 33 songs for 3 voices (Mainz,
1609; Augsburg, 1C84). Mendel ; Gerber;
Fetis ; Buruey, History, iv. 575 ; Stetten,
Kunstgeschichte, 539.

born at Tropplowitz, Silesia, Sept. 11,
1783, died, Jau. 16, 1814. Pianist ; com-
posed sonatas for pianoforte, with flute and
violoncello, as early as 1803. During a
stay in Breslau he was influenced by his
friendship with Carl Maria von Weber and
Berner. In 1810 he became Kapellmeister
to the Prince of Auhalt-Pless. He pub-
lished sonatas, variations for four hands,
polonaises, marches, 4-part songs, church
music, etc. Mendel ; Fetis ; Schilling.

died at Burg-Steinfurt, Westphalia, in 1792.
Flutist, Conzertmeister to the Count von
Bentheirn-Steinfurt. He published 6 sym-
phonies for orchestra ; 6 concertos for
flute ; 6 trios for do. ; Duos for do. ; 6 so-
natas for harpsichord, etc. Gerber ; Schil-
ling ; Fetis.

KLOSE, F. J., born in London in 1790,
died there, March 8, 1830. Violinist, sou
and pupil of a professor of music and pupil
of F. Tomisch ; was a member of several
London orchestras. He composed ballads,
music for ballets and melodramas, sonatas
for pianoforte, etc. He published, also,
Practical Hints for acquiring Thorough-
Bass (London, 1822). Mendel ; Fetis.

born in the island of Corfu, Oct. 11, 1808,
died in Paris, Aug. 29, 1880, Clarinetist,
pupil of Berr, in Paris, whom he succeeded
in 1839 as professor at the Conservatoire.
He formed many distinguished pupils, and
perfected his instrument. He became pro-
fessor of clarinet at the Gymnase Musical
Militaire, and chef de musique in the 10th
legion of the Garde Nationale. He pub-
lished a great deal of military music, soli,
| duos, fantaisies, etudes, and a method for
clarinet. Fetis ; do., Supplement, ii. 42 ;
Mendel ; Riemann.

Bernsdorf, Moravia, Feb. 10, 1807, still
living, 1889 ('?). Organist and church
composer, entirely self-taught ; without
even knowing the notes, he played the
organ in the church of his native village,
theu at Freiberg, and at Olmiitz, where he
was much aided by Emil Titl. In 1834 he
went to Vienna, founded the Erste Lieder-
tafel in 1837, and was for many years very
active in promoting the culture of church
music. He was organist of the church of
Maria am Gestade in 1849-54, and at the
university, where he also sang and led the
choir, in 1856-58. Works : Quadricinium
ecclesiasticum, containing : Pater uoster,
Ave Maria, 7 hymns ad missam per hebdo-



madem, 7 do. ad beneclictiouem, 5 do. dc
Beata Maria Yirgine, 16 hymns and anti-
phous for various seasons and feasts, Missa
solemuis, Missa pro defunctis, litany de
B. M. V., Hymnus Anibrosianus, and, as
supplement, a Methodus brevis et facilis
cautum ecclesiasticum addiscendi ; Tan turn
ergo ; Veui sancte Spiritus ; Regina coeli,
and many other works for the church, num-
bering about 100. Allgem. wiener inus.
/.it.u'. (1843), No. G ; Wurzbach.

born at Mohruugen, Prussian Saxony, Feb.
8, 1792, died at Riga, April 26, 1853. Or-
ganist and pianist, pupil of his father, and
at Sangerhausen of the organist Riidigcr.
He became organist and instructor at
Seeua, but went to Halle about 1808, to
study under Tiirk, after whose death iu
1813 he went to Leipsic, became violinist
in the Gewandhaus orchestra, and finished
his studios under Matthiii. He also ap-
peared successfully as a pianist in Leipsic,
whither he returned after a year's absence
as violinist iu the orchestra at Ivmigsberg.
In 1818 he became organist of the Lutheran
church at Elbing, where he founded a sing-
ing society; some years later he was music
director at Dautzic, returned to Leipsic,
and lived for two years at Dresden, then
led a wandering life, giving organ recitals
and lectures. Temporarily he was music
director, and instructor in the household
of Prince von Carolath in Silesia, 183S ;
organist at Kronstadt, Transylvania, 1839 ;
at Eperies, Hungary, etc. Works: Sonatas
for pianoforte and violin, op. 10, 25 ; do.
for pianoforte solo, op. 23, 27, 29 ; Miscel-
laneous music for pianoforte, op. 3, 5, 14,
24, 26 ; Several collections of motets for 4
voices and organ ; 3 suites of choruses, with
organ ; Choral, op. 2, and other pieces, for
feast days, op. 7, for organ ; Several collec-
tions of songs. Mendel ; Schilling ; do.,
Supplement, 240 ; Fetis.

MARTIN), born at Kotheu, Anhalt, Nov.
30, 1847, still living, 1889. Dramatic com-

poser, pupil of Thiele on the pianoforte, and
of Diedicke in theory, at Dessau (1863-66),
then of Blassmanu
and Adolf Reichel at
Dresden. At the age
of twenty he became
Kapellmeister at the
theatre of Posen, then
at Liibeck, and four
years at Weimar,
where he was appoint-
ed director of music to
the grand duke. In
is":? he became Hof-Kapellmeister at Neu-
strelitz, and in 1882 at Dessau. Works
Operas : Mirjain, op. 23, given at Wei-
mar, 1871 ; Iweiu, Neustrelitz, 1879 ; Gud-
run, ib., 1882 ; Die Hochzeit des MOnchs,
Dessau, 1887 ; Doriiroschen, Miirchen for
soli, chorus, and orchestra, op. 8 ; Overture
and entr'actes to Calderon's Life a Dream ;
Overture to Geibel's Sophonisbe ; Huldi-
guugs-Ouverture, op. 24 ; Die Wacht am
Rheiu, Siegesouvertiire, op. 26 ; Leonore,
symphonic poem, op. 27 ; Waldwebeu, sym-
phony ; Im Friihling, concert overture, op.
30 ; Symphony in F minor, op. 34 ; do.
in D, op. 37 ; Festmarsch for orchestra, op.
33 ; Suite for do., op. 40 ; Couzertstiick for
oboe with orchestra, op. 18 ; Quintet for
pianoforte and strings, op. 43 ; Quartet for
strings, op. 42 ; Trio, op. 47 ; Schilflieder,
5 Phantasiestiicke for pianoforte, oboe (or
violin), and violoncello, op. 28 ; Die Grenz-
berichtigung, for male chorus, op. 25; Pi-
anoforte pieces, and 8 books of songs, op.
12, 14, 20-23, 29, 31. Mus. Wocheublatt,
iv. 417 ; vi. 503 ; x. 164, 180 ; xiv. 4, IS, 32,
42, 54 ; N. Zeitschr. f. Mus. (1884), 78.

KXAPTON, PHILIP, born at York,
England, in 1788, died there, June 20,
1833. Pianist, pupil of Dr. Hague at Cam-
bridge. Returned to York and taught mu-
sic, and was assistant conductor at the York
Festivals in 1823, 1825, and 1828. Works :
Overtures for orchestra; Concertos for pi-
anoforte and orchestra ; Sonatas for piano-
forte ; Arrangements for do. and harp ;



Songs, part-songs, etc. His song, There be
none of Beauty's Daughters, was long in
favour. Grove ; Fetis.

Biberacb, Wiirtemberg, Sept. 30, 1752,
died there, Dec. 1, 1817. Organist, church,
and dramatic composer, first instructed by
his father in singing and on the violin, then
pupil of Kramer in thorough-bass. While
studying philology at Essliugeu (from 1768)
he profited much by the advice of music
director Schmidt, whom he also substituted
at the organ. In 1771 he was elected music
director and organist at Biberacb, where be
instituted regular concerts, and won reputa-
tion as a composer and theoretical writer.
In 1807 he became Hoi-Kapellmeister at
Stuttgart, but resigned in 1809 and re-
turned to his native town. He was a good
pianist, and besides the violin played the
flute, oboe, born, and trumpet. As an or-
ganist he was considered the equal of Vogler,
and as a composer and theoretical writer
excelled him. His Tongemiilde der Na-
tur is interesting on account of its simi-
larity in plan to Beethoven's Pastoral Sym-
phony. Works Operas : Der Erndte-
kranz ; Der lahme Husar ; Die Entfiihruug
aus dem Serail ; Die treuen Kiibler ; Pyg-
malion ; Der Kohlenbrenner ; Die Aeols-
harfe ; Scipio vor Karthago ; Feodora.
Symphonies : Le portrait musical de la na-
ture (1784) ; Don Quixote ; Der Tod des
Prinzen Leopold von Braunschweig ; Die
unterbrocheue Hirtenwoune, sonata for or-
gan ; Mirjam uud Deborah, concert duet
(1780) ; Das Lied von der Glocke ; The 23d
psalm, for 4 voices and orchestra ; The Cth
psalm, for several voices ; The 1st psalm, for
voice and organ ; Te Deum for double
chorus and orchestra ; Do. for 4 voices and
orchestra ; Hymn to God, cantata for 4
voices, 2 violins, viola, and organ ; Music for
pianoforte, for flute, and for organ ; Songs.
Allgern. d. Biogr., xvi. 278 ; Fetis ; Ger-
ber ; Mendel ; Schilling.

Bradford-on-Avon, England, July 26, 1812,

died in London, June 1, 1887. Organist,
pupil of Corfe, at Bristol. He visited the
United States in 1839-41, and brought out
there bis Rocked in the Cradle of the
Deep, sung with great success by Braham,
and his Why chime the bells so merrily ? ;
was then, two years, vicar and organist at
St. Agnes, in the Scilly Isles. After marry-
ing he lived abroad some time, but re-
turned to England and devoted himself to
composition. He left about two hundred
songs, among the most popular of which
were : Of what is the old man thinking?,
She wore a wreath of roses, The Veteran,
Beautiful Venice, Say, what shall my song-
be to-night, and The Dream. Grove.

La Donna del Lago.

KNOW YE NOT ? See Wisset ihr nicht ?

KNUPFER, SEBASTL\N, born at Ascha,
Bavaria, Sept. G, 1C33, died at Leipsic in
1G76. Church composer, one of the early
cantors of the Thomasschule, Leipsic ; first
instructed by his father, who was cantor
and organist of Ascha, then studied at
Ratisbou (1G4G) under the patronage of
Baltbasar Balduiu, ephorus of the diocese,
and later at Leipsic, where he became can-
tor at the Thomasschule in 1G57. He had
the reputation of one of the soundest contra-
puntists of the 17th century. His church
music, madrigals, canzonets, etc., were pub-
lished at Leipsic. In the royal library,
Berlin, are some church cantatas in MS.
Allgem. d. Biogr., xvi. 332 ; F6tis ; Ger-
ber ; Mathesou, Ehrenpforte, 142 ; Wiuter-
feld, Kirchengesang, ii. 555.

KNYVETT, CHARLES, the younger,
born in London, 1773, died there, Nov. 2,
1852. Organist, sou of Charles the elder
(1752-1822, organist of the Chapel Royal),
pupil of William Parsons in singing, and of

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