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(Hainan and Mordecai), and revised score
(Esther), Handelgesellschaft (1 vol., Leipsic,
1882). Eockstro, Handel, 106, 169 ; Reiss-
maun, 69 ; Schcelcher, 59, 104 ; Chrysau-
der, ii. 209.

ESTOCART. See L'Estocart.
ESTRKE, JEAN D', French composer of
the 10th century. Duverdier styles him
joueur de hautbois du Roi. His composi-
tions are published in four books entitled :
Livres de dauseries, contenaut le chant des
bransles communs, etc., de Champagne, de
Bourgogue, de Poictou," etc. (Nicholas du
Chemin, Paris, 1564). Fetis ; Mendel.

AUFGEHN, chorus in Mendelssohn's Cliris-

ETIENNE MARCEL, grand-opera in four
acts and six tableaux, text by Louis Gallet,
music by Camille Saint-Saens, first rep-
resented at the Lyons Theatre Feb. 8,
1879. The characters represented are :
Etienne Marcel, provost of the merchants ;
his daughter Beatrix, and his wife Mar-
guerite ; Robert de Loris, equerry to the
Dauphin, in love with Beatrix ; Eustache, an
adventurer ; Jean Maillard, district police
officer ; The Dauphin ; Robert de Clermont,
marshal of Normandy ; Robert Lecocq, Bish-
op of Laou ; Pierre, friend of Robert de
Loris. The action turns on the events of
an insurrection of the populace led by

Marcel, in which he eventually loses his

poser of the 10th century, born at Thame,
Oxfordshire. He wrote anthems, madri-
gals, and songs.

ETOILE DU NORD, L' (The Star of the
North), opera in three acts, text by Scribe,
music by Meyerbeer, first represented at
the Opera Comique, Paris, Feb. 10, 1854 ;
"iven in Italian as La Stella del Nord at

Caroline Duprez, as Catherine.

Coveut Garden Theatre, London, July 19,
1855. It includes several numbers from an
earlier work by Meyerbeer, Das Fddlayer
in Schlesien (The Camp of Silesia), given
in Berlin, 1843. The libretto is weak, but
the music is brilliant and stirring, and full
of singular orchestral effects. It opens at
Viborg, Finland, where Pierre (Peter the
Great), working in the disguise of a ship-
carpenter, makes the acquaintance of Da-
nilowitz, a pastry-cook, and of Catherine, a
cantiniere, to whom he becomes betrothed,
though she does not know his rank. A


conscription takes place and Catherine, to
save her brother George, who has just mar-
ried Prascovia, disguises herself as a soldier
and volunteers in his place. In the second
act, which opens in a Russian camp, Cath-
erine, while doing duty as a sentinel, peeps
into a tent where she sees Pierre and Da-
uilowitz drinking and making love to two
girls. Shocked at this, she neglects her
duty, insults an officer, and is condemned
to punishment. A mutiny among the

Battulla, as Pierre.

soldiers and news of the coming of the
enemy arouses Pierre, who makes himself
known to his men and quells the revolt.
In the third act, Pierre and Danilowitz ap-
pear in the Czar's palace, but Catherine
has disappeared and cannot be found. She
is at last discovered by Dauilowitz, wander-
ing around bereft of her reason. After
many efforts, Pierre succeeds in arousing
her by playing on his flute familiar airs,
her senses are restored, and the two are
united. The original cast at the Opera
Comique in 1854 was as follows :

Pierre Battaille.

Catherine Caroline Duprez.

Danilowitz Hermann-Leon.

Gritzeuko Lemercier.

Nathalie Mile Leocadie.

Edwards, Lyrical Drama, i. 274 ; Hans-
lick, Moderne Oper, 151.

Seville), opera in four acts, text by Hippo-
lyte Lucas, music by Balfe, represented at
the Academic Royale de Musique, Paris,
Dec. 17, 1845. The subject is from "La
Estella de Sevilla" of Lope de Vega, which
had previously been adapted for the French
stage by Lebrun, under the title of "Le Cid
d'Andalousie." Balfe was commissioned to
write this work, which ran twenty succes-
sive nights, by the director of the Opera,
he being the first English composer who
had been thus honoured. He received for
it 15,000 francs and 250 francs for each
IH ff. iniKiiice. It was sung by Mine Stoltz,
Mile Xau, Baroilhet, Gardoni, Paullin,
Menghis, and Bremond. Barrett, Balfe,

ETT, KASPAB, born at Erling, Bavaria,
Jan. 5, 1788, died in Munich, Nov. 17, 1847.
At the age of nine he sang in the choir of a
Benedictine monastery, and in Munich was
the pupil of Joseph Schlett and Joseph Griitz.
He was the organist of St. Michael's in Mu-
nich from 1816 until his death, and did ex-
cellent service by reviving the sacred music
of the, 17th, and 18th centuries, which
he took as models for his deeply religious
masses, requiems, and other church music.
His works number about 200, only a small
portion of which have been published. All-
gem, d. Biogr., vi. 392 ; Mendel ; Futis ; Eie-

ETTLING, E'MTLE, born in Germany
about 1820, resident of France, 1888. His
operettas, Uu jour de uoce, 1864 ; Le nain,
1873 ; Le tigre, 1873 ; L'ceil de monsieur
1'expert, 1874 : En maraude, 1877, have
been given at the minor theatres of Paris.
Fetis, Supplement, i. 309.




cle Variations for pianoforte, by Robert
Schumann, op. 13, dedicated to William
Sterudale Bennett, composed in 1834, pub-
lished in August, 1837. Twelve variations
on a theme the melody of which was de-
rived from the father of Ernestine von
Fricken, the friend of his youth. All the
etudes are instinct with originality and
strength, and are full of fancy. The whole
concludes with a brilliant movement, in
which the theme of the variations appears
only in a subordinate position, the opening
motive being taken from a song in Marsch-
ner's opera Templer und Jiidiu, which con-
tains the words, Du stolzes England, freue
dich. The adoption of this theme for the
finale was intended by Schumann as a com-
pliment to Sterudale Bennett, who had just
come to Leipsic, when the variations were
composed. In the second edition, pub-
lished 1852, he changed the title to the
far more appropriate one of Etudes en
forme cle Variations. Maitland, 53 ; Rie-
mann, 61.

GEN. See Loliengrin.

LUDWIG), Duke of Wiirtemberg, born at
Oels, Silesia, Jan. 8, 1788, died at Karlsruhe
Manor, ib., Sept. 1C, 1857. Amateur dra-
matic composer of considerable ability, en-
tered at an early age the service of his uncle,
the Czar Paul of Russia, took part in the
campaigns of 1806-7 in East Prussia, and
1810 in Turkey, and distinguished himself
as a general in the wars of independence,
and in 1828 against the Turks. After re-
tiring from military service he lived mostly
on his estate Karlsruhe, in Silesia. His
compositions, comprising songs, instru-
mental works, and operas, among which
especially Die Geisterbraut, were widely
known and popular.

poser of the 15th century. He was cantor
at Thorn about 1490, and was one of the
oldest German contrapuntists whose name

has survived. He published songs. Ger-
ber ; Mendel ; Fi'-tis.

EULE, C. D., born in Hamburg in 177G,
died there in 1827. The sou of an actor, he
brought out an opera at the age of twenty,
and became later the musical director of
the theatre of his native city. Works : Die
verliebten Werber, opera, Hamburg, 179G ;
Das Amt- und Wirtshaus, opera, ib., about
1800 ; Giaffar und Zaide, opera, ib., 1800 ;
Der Unsichtbare, opera, text by Costeuobel,
ib., about 1800 ; Music for pianoforte. Men-
del ; Schilling ; Fetis.

GORA, Edler VON, born in Vienna in
1772, died there, Nov. 14, 1821. He was a
government official ; for a short time took
lessons of Mozart, and became the leader
of an amateur orchestra. Works : Der Per-
riickenmacher, opera, given in Vienna, about
1800 ; Vetter Damian, opera, ib., about 1800 ;
Die Wanderschaft, ib., about 1800 ; Der
gebesserte Lorenz, opera, ib., about 1810;
Sonatas ; Quartets ; Songs, etc. Mendel ;
Fctis ; Schilling.

EUMENE (Eumeues), Italian opera, mu-
sic by Ziani, represented at Venice in 1C96.
The subject is the same as that of Antigono
(Antigouus). It has been musically treated
also by Albinoui, Rome, 1717 ; Porpora,
; Rome, 1721 ; Jommelli, Naples, 1746 ; Man-
na, Turin, 1750 ; Sacchini, Rome, 1763 ;
Borghi, Turin, 1778 ; Buroni, Stuttgart,
1778 ; Bertoni, Venice, 1784.

EUMENIDES, choruses and incidental
music to the tragedy by Jilschylus, by
Charles Villiers Stanford, op. 24, first
given at Cambridge, England, Dec. 1, 1885.
Atheiiicurn (1885), ii. 740, 741.

tyran corrigc', opcra-comique in three acts,
in verse, text by Hoffmann, music by Mehul,
first represented at the Theatre Italien,
Paris, Sept. 4, 1790. Muhul, then twenty-
seven years old, had struggled with fortune
until the production of this work, which
met with gratifying success and insured
his future. The duet in the second act,



" Gardez-vous de la jalousie,'' is a master-
piece of dramatic expression.

EUB1DICE, musical drama, text by Otta-
vio Rinucciui, music by Jacopo Peri and
Giulio Cacciui, represented at the Palazzo
I'itti. Florence, on the occasion of the mar-
ria'e of Henri IV. of France with Maria de'

. ")

Medici, December, 1000. This work, found-
ed on the story of Orpheus and Eurydice,
was the lirst opera ever performed in pub-
lic, Peri's earlier drama. I'n/'/if, having been
performed only privately. Both composers
wrote music to the whole text, indi |>< -n
dently of each other, but at the performance
part of Peri's score and part of Cacciui's
were used. Peri's Euridice was published
in Florence in 1(500 and reprinted at Venice
in ll!()S ; and a new edition was published
in Florence in 1S(>3. Caccini's Euridice
was also published separately ill Florence
in 1G(H). Peri's Euridico was given in Paris,
at the Petit Bourbon, llUT. by a company
of lialian singers invited to France by Car-
dinal Mazarin. Ambros, iv. 2o;! ; Naumaun
(Ouseley), i. 524.

EUHYANTHE, grand romantic opera in
three acts, text by Hehuina von Che/y (born
von KlencKe, 17s:l |s.">i;i, music by Carl
Maria von NVeber, first represented at the
Co. nt Opera House, Vienna, Oct. 25, 1823.
The east was as follows :

Euryanthe (S ) Frl. Henrietta Sontag.

Eglantine (M.-S.) Fran Griiubaum.

Lxsiart (B.) Herr Forti.

Adolar (T. ) Herr Heitzinger.

Ludwig VI. (B.) Herr Seipelt.

The libretto is from a French romance en-
titled : " Histoire de Gerard do Nevers et
de la belle et vertueuse Euryant do Savoye.
sa mie," which both Boccaccio and Shake-
speare ("Cymbeline ") had previously used.
Adolar, Count de Nevers, is betrothed to
the beautiful Euryanthe de Savoy. Eglan-
tine, her rival, in league with Lysiart.
Count de Forest, succeeds in arousing
Adolar's suspicious in regard to Eglantine's
faith, and Adolar himself conducts his

betrothed into the wilderness and leaves
her to perish. Lysiart gets possession of
Adolar's estates and marries Eglantine, but
the latter, tortured by remorse, confesses
the deceit practised upon Adolar, and is
stabbed by Lysiart. Adolar challenges the
robber of his inheritance, but the combat is
prevented by King Ludwig, who declares the
offender forfeited to the law, and reinstates
Adolar. Euryanthe, who has been found
iu the wilderness by huntsmen, returns and
brings joy to all. The performance was
conducted by the composer in person, who

Henrietta Sontag.

was received with a storm of applause ; but
enthusiasm soon grew cold, and the opera
was given only seven times. It was given
later in Vienna with Schroder-Devrient in
the chief part, and again, under the admin-
istration of Count Gallenberg. It was pro-
duced with success in Berlin, Dec. -'>,
1825 ; then in Weimar and Dresden ; in
Paris, at the Opera, April 6, 1831, with in-
terpolations from Oberon and generally dis-
arranged by Castil-Blaze ; in London, at
Covent Garden, June 29, 1833 ; and again
in Paris, at the Theatre Lyrique, Sept. 1,
18.37, with a new libretto. The opera was


played in New York about 18G3, but the
first proper representation was at the Met-
ropolitan Opera House, Dec. 23, 1887, when
it was sung in German, with Lilli Lehmaun
in the title-role. Max M. von Weber, Carl
M. von W. (Leipsie, 1864), ii. 352, 451 ;
Hellborn (Coleridge), Life of Schubert, i.
246 ; Hanslick, Modeme Oper, 6'J ; Kreh-
biel, Review (1887-1888), 62.

poser of the 17th century. A Minorite, at-
tached in 1643 to the chapel of Ladislaus
IV., of Poland. He composed church music.
Mendel ; Fetis ; Sowiuski, 184.

London in 177S, died there, Jan. 4, 1849.
A chorister in the Chapel Royal under Dr.
Ayrton, he was admitted as gentleman of
the Chapel Royal in 1808. The Glee Club
awarded him a prize, iu 1811, for "Beauties,
have you seen a toy?," and in 1812 for " Fill
all the glasses." He took the Catch Club
prize, in 1817, for the best setting of
William Linley's " Ode to the Memory of
Samuel Webb," the eminent glee composer ;
and obtained another prize iu 1821 for his
glee, " Great Bacchus." He was the com-


poser of anthems, two of which were
printed ; and of several motets written for
the choir of the Portuguese Ambassador's
Chapel, some of which are printed in No-
vello's Collection of Motets. Grove.

EVE, a mystery iu three parts, text by
Louis Gallet, music by Jules Massenet, first
given iu Paris, March 18, 1875.

EVE (Dove), ALPHONSE D', born near
Courtrai, France, about the middle of the
17th century. Church composer, priest, and
maitre de chapelle of Notre Dame, Antwerp,
from 1718 to 1725 ; and for many years
leader of the choir of the Church of Saint-
Martin, Courtrai. His motets and other
church music in MS. are preserved in the
Church of Sainte-Walburge, at Audeuarde.
Futis ; Vander Straeten, ii. 128 ; iii. 6 ; v.
145 ; Biog. nat. de Belg., vi. 740 ; Mendel.

born in Louvaiu in 1816, still living, 1888.

Dramatic composer, pupil of Brigode, maitre
de chapelle of St. Peter's, Louvaiu. He has
served as bandmaster in several Belgian reg-
iments, and became in 1844 professor of the
bugle, trumpet, and cornet-a-pistons at the
Conservatoire, Liege. Works : L' Avalanche,
opera ; Hominage a Gretry, dramatic over-
ture ; much military and church music pub-
lished in Liege. Fetis, Supplement, i. 309.

EVERS, KARL, born in Hamburg, April
8, 1819, died iu Vienna, Dec. 31, 1875.
Pianist, pupil of Jacques Schmitt ; played
in public at the age of twelve ; then made a
concert tour of Denmark and Sweden. He
studied theory under Zieger in Hanover,
and Karl Krebs iu Hamburg, and received
in 1839 some instruction from Mendelssohn
iu Leipsie ; visited Paris, where he was well
received by Chopin and Auber ; then went
to Vienna, and settled in Gratz as music-
dealer iu 1858, but returned to Vienna in
1872. Works : 4 pianoforte sonatas ; Chan-
sous d'amour, or 12 songs without words
characterizing different nations ; Fantasias ;
Fugues ; Sougs ; iu all, more than one hun-
dred works. Mendel, iii. 442 ; Erganz., 98 ;
Fetis, iii. 165 ; do., Supplement, i. 309 ;
Wurzbach, iv. 114 ; Grove ; Riemann.

EV'RY VALLEY, teuor air in E, in Han-
del's Messiah, Part I.

Berbisdorf, near Hirschberg, Silesia, Oct.
28, 1815. Organist, pupil of his father,
who was a Cantor ; finished his education
iu Hirschberg, Jeua, and Buuzlau. He
was organist and director of musical soci-
eties in Goldberg in 1841-45, and then in
Sagan. His compositions are mostly vocal
church music. Mendel ; Fetis.

at Schwechat, near Vienna, Feb. 8, 1765,
died in Schmibrunn, July 24, 1846. Pupil
of his father and of Albrechtsberger iu Vi-
enna. He adopted law as a profession,
but changed to music when his parents be-
came poor, and was assisted by the friend-
ship of Haydn and Mozart. He attended
Mozart in his last illness, and was coniruis-


sionecl by his widow to finish the Requiem,
but gave up the task. In 1792 he became
choir-master of the Carmelite Church in
the Vienna suburb of Leopoldstadt, in 1793
of the Schotteu monastery in Vienna, in
1801 music-teacher to the imperial princes,
in 1804 vice-Kapellmeister ; 1824, on Sa-
lieri's retirement, Kapellmeister to the Em-
peror of Austria. He was ennobled in 1834.
While conducting Mozart's Requiem in
1833, he was struck by aploplexy, which
compelled him to renounce the active prac-
tice of his profession. He took Mozart's
advice in composing mostly church music.
His works show a devotional spirit, in spite
of great mobility and occasionally too heavy
instrumentation, and bear some likeness
to the compositions of Michael Havdn.
\V<>rks: Das Zauberschwert, opera, 1803
(not represented) ; Die Mutter der Graccheu,
pantomime ; Die Hirten bei der Krippe zu
Bethlehem, cantata, sung in 1 794 ; Die vier
letzteu Dinge, oratorio, performed in is Id ;
32 masses (7 printed) ; Requiem ; 7 To De-
um ; 30 offertories ; 35 graduals ; 7 piano-
forte sonatas ; S^ymphonies ; Concertos ;
Overtures; Chamber music; Songs. All-
gem, d. Biogr., vi. 4.~>3 ; Wurzbach, iv. 120 ;
Fi'-tis ; Mendel ; Schilling ; Kienianu ; Grove.

born at Amersfoort, Netherlands, May 5,
1S32, still living, 1889. Organist, pupil of
his father, Gerard van Eyken, organist, of
his brother, Jan Albert, and (1S.51-53) at
the Leipsic Conservatorium and at Dres-
den of Johaun Schneider and Magnus
Biihme. After his return to Holland be
settled tirst :il Amsterdam, and in 1855 at
Utrecht, where he became organist, of the
Waalsche kerk, and Kapelmeester of the
schutterij. Works : Het Krooniugsfeest
van keizer Karel V. te Bologna, opera,
given at Amsterdam, May 14, 1858, Utrecht,
Nov. 20, 1859 ; Sonata for pianoforte and
violin ; 3 sonatinas for pianoforte ; Songs.

born at Amersfoort, Netherlands, April 29,

1823, died at Elberfeld, Sept. 24, 18G8.
Organist, pupil of his father, Gerard van
Eyken, organist ; subsequently at the Leip-
sic Conservatorium in 1845-46. On Men-
delssohn's recommendation he finished his
organ studies under Johaun Schneider, in
Dresden. He gave organ concerts in Hol-
land in 1847, became organist in the Church
of the Remonstrants, Amsterdam, in 1848,
and professor of the organ in the music
school of Rotterdam in 1853. In 1854 he
went to Elberfeld as organist of the Re-
formed Church. He received prizes for
the following compositions written for the
Netherlands Society for the Encouragement
of Music : Quartet for pianoforte, violin, vi-
ola, and violoncello ; 2 organ sonatas ; music
for a Dutch drama, Lucifer ; and songs for
four male voices. He arranged Goudimel's
150 psalms for the Reformed Church for
choir and organ, besides composing church
music and Lieder with pianoforte accompa-
niment, hymns for men's voices, etc. Fetis ;
Riemann ; Mendel.

EYKENS, JEAN SIMON, born at Ant-
werp, Oct. 13, 1812, still living, 1889. Dra-
matic composer, pupil of Ravets, organist
of the church of the Augustiues, Antwerp,
and at the Conservatoire, Liege, of Jalheau
on the pianoforte, and of Daussoigne-Mrlml
in harmony. Returned to Antwerp in 1831,
devoted himself to teaching the pianoforte,
became conductor of the Reunion lyrique
anversoise in 1843, and president of the
Reunion des societes lyriques in 1848.
Member of the Societe royale des sciences,
Antwerp, and of the Societe d'emulatiou,
Liege. Works : Le depart de Gretry, op-
eretta, given at Liege, 1829 ; Le bandit,
opera, Antwerp, 1836 ; La cle du jardin,
ib., 1837 ; Cantata for the unveiling of the
statue of Rubens, ib., 1840 ; Masses and
other church music ; Pianoforte pieces ;
Choruses for male voices, with or without
orchestra ; Songs, etc. Fetis ; Viotta.

EYRE, ALFRED JAMES, born at Lam-
beth, London, Oct. 24, 1853, still living,
1889. Organist, pupil at the Royal Acad-



emy of Music under Macfarren, Westlake,
and Smith, and on the organ under Hoyte
and Cooper. He has served as organist of
several metropolitan churches, lastly of St.
John Evangelist, 1881 ; was organist of the
Crystal Palace, 1880. Works : Commun-
ion Service in E-flat ; Evening Service for
the Salisbury Diocesan Choral Associa-
tion ; The 12Gth Psalm for four voices ;
String quartet ; Pianoforte music ; Songs,

Erfurt, 1G98, died there, 1763. Amateur
violoncellist, and composer of more than
ordinary ability ; published several cantatas,
a great number of motets (Nuremberg,
1738-46), solos for violin, and flute, with
thorough bass. Mendel ; Schilling.

EZIO (^Etius), Italian opera in three
acts, text by Metastasio, first set to music
by Auletta and represented in the Teatro
delle Damme, Rome, Dec. 26, 1728. The
libretto, founded on incidents in the career
of /Etius, the famous general of the Western
Empire and conqueror of Attila, is one of
Metastasio's best works. Scene in Rome.
Characters represented : Valentiuiauo III.,
emperor, in love with Fulvia ; Fulvia, daugh-
ter of Massimo, betrothed to Ezio ; Ezio, lover
of Fulvia ; Ouoria, sister of Valentiuiano,
secretly in love with Ezio ; Massimo, father
of Fulvia, confidant and secret enemy of
Valentiuiano ; Varo, prefect of praetorians
and friend of Ezio. The libretto has been
set to music also by Porpora, Venice, 1728 ;
Handel, London, Jan. 15, 1732 ; Lampu-
gnani, Venice, 1737 ; Jommelli, Bologna,
1741, and Naples, 1748 ; Pescetti, Venice,
1747 ; Bouno, Vienna, 1749 ; Traetta, Rome,
1754 ; Perez, London, 1755 ; Graun, Ber-
lin, 1755 ; Gassmann, Italy, about 1760 ;
Schwanberg, Brunswick, 1763 ; Gluck, Vi-
enna, 1763 ; Felice Alessaudri, Verona,
1767 ; Johann Christian Bach, about 1770 ;
Pietro Guglielmi, London, 1770 ; Sacchiui,
Naples, about 1770 ; Gazzaniga, Venice,
1772 ; Bertoui, Venice, 1777 ; Mortellari,
Milan, 1777 ; Calvi, Pavia, 1784 ; Tarchi,

Vicenza, 1790 ; Mercadante, Turin, 1826 ;
Celli, Florence, 1830.

EZIO, Italian opera in three acts, text by
Metastasio, music by Handel, first rep-
resented at the King's Theatre, London,
Jan. 15, 1732. The MS., preserved in
Buckingham Palace, is undated, the last
sheet being missing. The text of Metas-
tasio is much abridged and altered. The
principal characters were sung by Seuesino,
Montagnaua, and Siguora Strada. It was
given five times. Published first by Walsh ;
full score by Hiindelgesellschaft (Leipsic,
1880). Rockstro, Handel, 167 ; Schrelcher,
103 ; Chrysander, ii. 248.

FABER, BENEDICT, born at Hildburg-
hausen about the end of the 16th
century, died (?). Church composer
of distinction, in the service of the Duke of
Saxe-Coburg about the first quarter of the
17th century. Works: The 148th Psalm
(in Latin), for 8 voices (Coburg, 1602) ; Sa-
me cautiones, 4, 5, 6, 7 et 8 vocibus conci-
nendse (ib., 1605) ; Gratulatio musica ex
prirno capite, etc. (ib., 1607) ; Canticum
sex vocibus in festivitatem nuptiarum (ib.,
1607) ; The 51st Psalm, Miserere mei Deus,
for 8 voices (ib., 1608) ; Adhortatio prima
Christi, etc. (ib., 1609) ; Cantio nuptialis ex
psalmo Davidis, etc. (ib., 1609) ; Cantiones
sacrse, 4-8 voc. (ib., 1610) ; Triumphus mu-
sicalis in victoriam resurrectionis Christi, 7
vocibus compositus (ib., 1611) ; Zwei neue
Hochzeits Gesiinge mit 5 Stimmen ; Gratu-
latorium musicale 6 vocum (ib., 1631). Fe-
tis ; Mendel.

Gauges (Herault), Dec. 8, 1768, died in
Paris, April, 1825. Dramatic composer ; he
endeavoured to reproduce the old Hellenic
system of music in an oratorio written for
the coronation of Napoleon Bonaparte, 1804.
His system was analogous to Blaiuville's
mode mixte, or the mode plagal. Works :
Le sage de ITndostau, philosophical drama
with choruses, given in Paris, 1796 ; Ro-


mances ; Quartets for two flutes, viola, and
bass (1800). Fetis ; Larousse.

FABRI, STEFANO, the elder, born latter
half of the IGtli century. He was maestro
di cappella of the Vatican in 1599-1601,
visited Germany in 1601-2, and was maes-
tro di cappella of S. Giovanni in Laterauo,
Rome, in 1G03-7. He wrote two books,
Duodecim modi musicales, etc. (Nurem-
berg, 1602) and Tricinia sacra, etc. (ib.,
16117). and other church music. Fetis ;

FABRI, STEFAXO, the younger, born in
Rome in 1G06, died then. An-. 27, 1658.
Composer of the Roman school, pupil of
Nauini. He was maestro di cappella of S.
Luigi de' Frances!, Home, in 1618, and in
1657 of Santa Maria Maggiore. W.>iK-, :

Online LibraryJohn Denison ChamplinCyclopedia of music and musicians (Volume 2) → online text (page 6 of 93)