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(Paris) ; Duets for soprano and contralto
(Paris and Leipsic) ; Collection of Hun-
garian folk-songs, transcribed for the piano-
forte (London, 1889) ; Pianoforte pieces and
songs, among which the Schilflieder (Reed-
Songs), a cycle of 5 lyric poems by Lcnau,
deserve especial mention.




KORBER, GEORG, born at Nuremberg
in 1550, died at Altdorf in 1620. 'Church
composer, assistant teacher at the College
of St. Loreuz, Nuremberg ; inagister at
Altdorf in 1601. He published motets for
3 voices in Tyrociuium musicum (Nurem-
berg, 1589) ; Disticha moralia, 5 voc. (ib.,
1599) ; Benedictioues Gratiarum, 4 voc.
(ib.). Mendel; Gerber; Schilling ; Fetis.

KOSCHAT, THOMAS, born at Viktring,
( 'arinthia, Aug. 8, 1845, still living, 1889.
Bass singer and vocal composer ; studied
medicine at the University of Vienna and
was induced by Heiurich Esser to become
chorus singer at the court opera ; led the
chorus, and was also in the court chapel.
He became known in 1871 by his quartets
for men's voices, and attained great popu-
larity. In 1S75 he organized the Karnthner
quintett with some of his fellow singers.
Among his favourite compositions are Am
"NYorthersee, eiue Walzeridylle ; Eiue Bau-
ernhochzeit in Karuthen (1879) ; Kirchtags-
bilder aus Kiirnthen (1880). He afterwards
ciimhined his most famous vocal composi-
tions in the Liederspiel, Am Worthersee,
which was given with great success in Vi-
enna, and many provincial theatres. He has
composed over two hundred works. Mendel,
Erganz., 193 ; Fetis, Supplement, ii. 46.

KOSPOTH, OTTO KARL ERDMANN,
Freiherr VON, born at Miihltroif, Saxony,
middle of the 18th century. Pianist and
dramatic composer. After travelling several
years in Italy he became royal chamber-
lain at the court of Prussia, and secular
canon of Magdeburg. Works Singspiele :
Der Irrwisch ; Adrast und Isidore ; Bella
nnd Fernando, oder die Satyre (1790) ; Der
Madchenmarkt zu Ninive (1795) ; Oratorio,
given in Venice, 1787 ; Symphonies, quar-
tets, trios for strings, overtures, concertos
for different instruments, serenades, songs,
etc. Mendel ; Gerber ; Schilling ; Fetis.

KOSSMALY, KARL, born in Breslau,
July 27, 1812, still living, 1889. Composer
and writer on music, pupil of Ludwig Berg-
er, Zelter, and Bemhard Klein in Berlin.



KOTIIE



He was appointed director of the united
theatres of Wiesbadeu aud Mainz in 1830,
of the New Opera, Amsterdam, in 1834, of
the theatres of Detmold aud Bremen in
1841-44, and of the city theatre of Stet-
tin in 1846-49. Since then he has lived in
Stettiu, teaching, conducting concerts, and
writing for musical periodicals. Of his com-
positions, consisting of symphonies, over-
tures, and other instrumental and vocal
music, only songs aud part-songs have been
published. As a writer he is a prominent
adversary of the new German tendency.
Fetis ; Mendel ; Eiemann.

KOTHE, BERNHARD, born at Grobnig,
Silesia, May 12, 1821, still living, 1889.
Church composer, pupil at the Royal Insti-
tute for Church Music of Berlin and of A.
B. Mars. He became iu 1851 church music
director and vocal instructor at Oppelu, and
iu 18G9 instructor of music at the semiuary
in Breslau, where he founded the Cacilien-
verein for church music. He has composed
masses, motets, organ music, and published
Musica sacra, a collection of hymns for
male voices ; Singtafelu, for instruction in
schools ; a vocal method, and two books on
music. Mendel ; do., Ergauz., 194 ; Rie-
mauu.

KOTT, FRANZ FRIEDRICH, born at
Klein-Zbieschitz, Bohemia, April 15, 1808,
died (?). Pianist and organist, pupil of
Dionys Weber at the Couservatorium,
Prague, then settled at Briinn, Moravia,
where he became organist of the cathedral,
and was a favourite teacher of the piano-
forte for many years. Works : Zizka's
Eiche, opera, given with great success at
Brtinn, 1842, 1843, afterwards at Prague ;
Dalibor, do., Prague, 1847 (?) ; Several
masses, oratorios, cantatas, overtures, cho-
ruses, etc. Mendel ; Wurzbach.

KOTTLITZ, ADOLPH. born at Treves,
Sept. 27, 1820, died at Uralsk, Siberia, Oct.
2G, I860. Violinist, pupil at the age of five
of Fischer, Kapellmeister of the cathedral ;
appeared in public three years later, and at
Cologne at the age of sixteen ; went to



; Paris for three years with Liszt, and after
his return settled at Breslau, whence he
went to Konigsberg as Conzertrneister iu
1848. Ou a concert tour through Russia
and Siberia he accepted a position as music
director in 1856 at Uralsk, where he was
killed by accident at the chase. Very few
of his compositions, consisting of concertos
for the violin, string quartets, songs, etc.,
have been published. Mendel ; Riemann ;
Fetis, Supplement, ii. 44.

KOTZOLT, H El N RICH, born at
Schuellenwalde, Silesia, Aug. 20, 1814, died
in Berlin, July 2 (3), 1881. Bass singer,
pupil of his father, with whom he went iu
1826 to Posen, where he became chorister in
the cathedral. In 1834 he began to study
theology at Breslau, but gave it up and
went to Berlin in 1836, obtained a position
in the Kouigstiidter Theater, and studied
composition under Dehn and Rungenhagen
until 1838, when he was engaged as bass
at the City Theatre of Dantzic, and on leav-
ing the stage lived there as teacher until
1842. After several concert tours he be-
came first bass-singer in the cathedral
choir, Berlin, in 1843, studied the organ
under A. W. Bach, and counterpoint under
Dehn, founded a singing society, which
bears his name, in 1849, and in 1862 be-
came assistant director of the cathedral
choir. He was appointed royal music di-
rector in 1866, and professor in 1876. He
published instruction books for the school
he directed in Berlin, an a cappella method
which went through six editions, and a col-
lection of songs for school choirs. His pub-
lished compositions are : The 54th psalm,
for double chorus a cappella ; Lobet den
Herru alle Heideu, for eight voices ; Te
Deurn, and Macte senex for full choir uni-
sono, and small choir in four parts, a cap-
pella. Mendel ; Riemann.

KOTZWARA (Koczwara), FRANZ, born
in Prague about 1750, died in London,
Sept. 2, 1791. Violinist and pianist, played
in Gallini's orchestra in Ireland in 1790,
and in a band at the Handel Comuiemora-



387



KOZELUCII



tion in London in May, 1791. He was a
dissipated, though clever man, and little is
known of him beyond the fact that, while
in gay company, he allowed himself to be
hanged for the jest of the thing, and was
cut down too late. Works : The Battle of
Prague, for pianoforte, with violin, violon-
cello, and drum ; 12 trios for strings ; 3
serenades for violin, with violoncello and
two horns ; C duos for flute and violin ; 3
sonatas for pianoforte and violin ; 3 sona-
tinas for pianoforte ; Songs. Fotis ; Ger-
ber ; Grove ; Wurzbach.

KOZELUCH (Kotzeluch), JAN AXTON-
IX, born at Welwarn, Bohemia, Dec. 13,
1738, died in Prague, Feb. 3, 18 U. Dra-
matic and church composer, studied at
Prague, then was choirmaster at Rako-
nitz and at Wohvarn, whence he returned to
Prague, and studied composition under Se-
gert. To perfect himself he went to Vien-
na, where he was kindly received by Gluck
in.'l llassmann, and studied recitative under
Hasse. On his return to Prague he was
appointed choirmaster of the Kreuzherrn-
kirche, and in 17^4 Kapellmeister of the
cathedral. Works : Alessandro m>h" Indie,
opera, given in Prague, 1774 ; Demofoonte,
do.; La morte d' Abele, oratorio ; Gioas, re
ili Giuda, do., perdu-med in the Kreu/herrn-
kirche, Prague, 1777 ; Masses for four voices
and orchestra for every Sunday and feast
day in the year ; Several solemn masses and
grand vespers for festivals ; 5 Requiems ;
1KJ gradual* and otl'ertorios ; 147 motets
for the entire year; Litanies, anthem <
Dlabacz ; Fetis ; Gerber ; Mendel ; Schil-
ling ; Wurzbach.

KOZELUCH (Kotzeluch), LEOPOLD,
born at Welwarn, Bohemia, in 1754, died
in Vienna, May 7, 1818. Dramatic and
instrumental composer, cousin of the pre-
ceding ; studied jurisprudence at Prague in
17G5, but took up music as a profession in
1771, and became music-master of the
Archduchess Elizabeth in Vienna in 1778.
In 1792 he was appointed court Kapellmeis-
ter and composer, succeeding Mozart.



Works Operas : Le Mazet, Vienna, 1780 ;
Didone abbandouata, ib., ab. 1795 ; Judita,
o la liberazione di Betulia ; Deborah und
Sisara ; Ottone, heroic ballet ; Die Bege-
benheiteu Telemach's auf der Insel der
Kalypso, characteristic tableau (1798) ;
Mose in Egitto, oratorio, Vienna, 1787 ;
Kronungs-Cantate, Prague, National Thea-
tre, 1791 ; Joseph, der Menschheit Segen,
cantata ; Denis' Klagen auf den Tod Maria
Theresiens, do. ; 24 ballets ; 3 pantomimes ;
30 symphonies ; 50 concertos for piano-
forte ; 60 sonatas and trios for pianoforte,
violin, and violoncello ; G concertos for vio-
loncello ; 2 do. for clarinet ; 2 do. for horn ;
C quartets for strings ; 7 collections of min-
uets, etc., for pianoforte ; Several collections
of German and Italian songs, etc. Dlabacz ;
Fetis ; Gerber ; Schilling ; Wurzbach ; All-
L'em. wiener mus. Zeitg. (1841), No. 127-
129.

KOZLOWSKI, IGXAZ PLATO, born
at Vinnitsa, Podolia, in 1786, died in War-
saw in 1859. Pianist, pupil of John Field
in St. Petersburg ; taught successively in
his native place, in Warsaw, St. Petersburg,
Moscow, and Odessa. He wrote an opera,
Marylla ; published a collection of Polish
songs, which became very popular in Po-
land, polonaises for pianoforte, etc. His
most important work is a pianoforte method
in Polish (Warsaw). Sowinski, 338 ; Men-
del ; Fetis.

KOZLOWSKY, JOSEPH, born in Wai-
saw in 1757, died in St. Petersburg, Feb.
27, 1831. Instrumental and vocal composer.
After serving in several musical capacities
in L'oland he went to Russia and became
aide-de-camp to Prince Dolgoruki in the
war against the Turks. Prince Potemkin
took him under his protection and intro-
duced him at the court of Catherine H. ; in
time he became music director of the im-
perial theatres, and held this position also
under Paul I. and Alexander L until 1821,
when he was pensioned, and lived in St.
Petersburg till his death. He was a clever
and prolific composer and left a great num-



KRACIIER



ber of cantatas, choruses, and polonaises,
written for court occasions, overtures and
incidental music to dramas, songs, etc.
His masterpiece was the Requiem composed
for the obsequies of the last King of Po-
land, Stanislas Poniatowski, in 1798. So-
wi6ski, 337 ; Fetis.

KRACHEE, JOSEPH MATTHIAS, born
at Mattighofen, Salzburg, Jan. 30, 1752, died
at Kochl, ib., about 1830. Church com-
poser ; entered the choir of the convent of
Fttrstenzell at the age of nine ; waa cantor
of several places, and in 1772 became organ-
ist at Seekircheu, which position he held for
forty-two years, exchanging it afterwards
for a similar one at Kochl, near Hallein.
On the advice of Michael Haydn he studied
composition through the works of the great
masters, and from 1775 composed a great
deal of church music, much used, but never
published. Works (in 1803) : 22 masses,
4 Requiems ; 24 graduate ; 15 offertories ;
2 Te Deurn ; 6 Teuebne ; 1 Vesper de
Beata ; 20 Vesper-hymns ; 4 litanies, etc.
Biogr. Schilderungeu Salzburger Kiinstler
(Salzburg, 1821), 117 ; F<!-tis ; Wurzbach.

KRAFF, MICHAEL, born in Franconia
about 1580. Vocal composer, famous in
his time. He is known by Die neun Musen
mit acht stimuieu uncl Generalbass (Dil-
lingen, 1G06) ; Missse, 12 vocum (1624) ; Sa-
crse conceutus, 2, 3, 4, 7 vocum (Ravens-
burg, 1624). Fetis ; Gerber.

KRAFFT, FRANCOIS JOSEPH, born at
Brussels, July 22, 1721, died at Ghent, Jan.
15, 1795. Church composer, was chorister
in Ghent, and then music teacher in Brus-
sels. Became director of music at Saiut-
Bavon's, Ghent, in 17G8. Works : Mass for
8 voices and organ ; 3 Te Deum for do. ;
Mass for 4 voices and do. ; 2 masses for 5
voices and do. ; Mass for orchestra ; Con-
fitebor tibi, for chorus with orchestra ;
Beatus vir, for do. ; Laetatus sum, for do. ;
2 Laudate pueri, for do. ; Ave verum, for
do. ; Dixit, for small orchestra ; Ave Regina
Ccelorurn, for do. ; O salutaris, for 5 voices
with orchestra ; O Sacrum Couvivium, for 8



voices and full orchestra ; Do., for tenor and
bass, with full orchestra ; Dixit, for 6 voices
and do. ; etc. Fetis.

KRAFT, ANTON, born at Rokitzan, near
Pilsen, Bohemia, Dec. 30, 1752, died in Vi-
enna, Aug. 28, 1820. Virtuoso on the vio-
loncello, pupil at Prague of Werner, after-
wards in Vienna of Haydn in composition.
Was musician to Prince Eszterhazy in 1778
-90, to Prince Grassalkovics in 1790-95,
and to Prince Lobkowitz in 1795-1820.
With his sou Nikolaus he made concert
tours to Berlin and Dresden in 1792 and
repeatedly afterwards. Works : Concerto
for violoncello and orchestra ; 6 sonatas for
violoncello and bass ; Divertissement for
do. ; 3 duos coucertants for violin and vio-
loncello ; 2 duos for two violoncellos.
Dlabacz : Fetis ; Gerber ; Mendel ; Schil-
ling ; Wurzbach.

KRAFT, NICOLAUS, born at Eszterhaz,
Hungary, Dec. 14, 1778, died at Stuttgart,
May 18, 1853. Violoncellist, son and pupil
of Anton Kraft, whom he accompanied on
his concert tours while still young, then for
a year pupil of Duport in Berlin. He
played with Mozart in Dresden, 1789, and
settled in Vienna in 1790 ; was one of Prince
Karl Lichuowsky's famous quartet party
which first introduced many of Beethoven's
works ; chamber musician to Prince Lob-
kowitz, who sent him to Berlin in 1801, to
study with Louis Duport. He gave con-
certs there, and in Leipsic, Dresden, Prague,
and Vienna, where he entered the orchestra
of the opera in 1809 ; was engaged by the
King of Wiirtemberg for his chapel, in
Stuttgart, in 1814. He undertook a con-
cert tour with Hummel in 1818, and one
with his sou Friedrich (born 1807), who had
inherited the talent of father and grand-
father, in 1821. An accident to his hand
obliged him to give up playing, in 1834,
when he was pensioned. Works : 5 con-
certos for violoncello ; Polonaise for do. and
orchestra, op. 2 ; Bolero, for do., op. 6 ;
Scene pastorale for do., op. 9 ; Rondo a la
chasse, for do., op. 11 ; 3 divertissements



KRAHMER



progressifs for 2 violoncellos, op. 14 ; G
duos for do., op. 15, 17 ; Fautaisie for vio-
loncello, with quartet, op. 1. Fetis; Men-
del ; Schilling ; Wurzbach.

KRAHMER, JOHANN ERNST, born at
Dresden, March ;iO, 1795, died in Vienna,
Jan. 1(5, 1837. Virtuoso on the oboe, pupil
of Krebs, Kumiuer, and Jackel. He eu-
liMed with the Sivn volunteers iu 1814,
but could not endure the hardships of the
campaign, and returned to Dresden, whence
he \veut to Vienna in 1815 as lirst oboist
in the opera orchestra ; iu 18'22 he became
also a member of the imperial court and
chamber music. His compositions, which
wmi great admiration as played by him in
his concerts, remain in MS. Fetis; Men-
del ; Schilling ; Wur/baeh.

KIUK.VMI'. EMM VNIELE, born at Pa-
lenno, Feb. :, isl.'i, died at Naples in No-
vember, 1883. Flutist, pupil of his father,
a director of military music. He made eon-
cert tours to Messina, Catania, and Malta;
and visited Mexico, the Antilles, and Can-
ada, returning to Naples in ls:!7, when lie
became bandamster of the ',l2d Regiment
of Corfu, and in 1S41 assistant inspector of
classes at the Couservatorio San Pietro a
Majella, Naples, and solo thite to the Count
!' N\ racuse. In 1848 he went to Rome, be-
came bandmaster of the lirst Roman legion,
and after the fall of the republic made
other concert tours; in ISliO he beeam.
professor in the Conservatory All>ergo de'
Poveri. Naples. He composed about 255
works for flute, a nut hod and studies for
do., also methods for clarinet, oboe, and
bassoon, which are introduced in all the
conservatories of Italy. Mendel, Ergauz.,
1!U ; Fetis. Supplement, ii. 46.

KltVMKi; TKAl'GOTT. born at Cobnrg,
Nov. 1!), 1818, still living, 1889. Violinist.
pupil at the Couservatorium of Prague in
1834-37, became court musician, and first
violinist of the ducal orchestra of Coburg
and Gotha, and in 1S,">1 Con/.ertmeister.
He founded and conducted for many years
a string quartet society in both cities ; later



he was appointed Kapellmeister, and in this
capacity conducted the operas with dia-
logue. He has published symphonies, over-
tures, string quartets, violin solos, cantatas,
songs, hymns, etc. Mendel ; Fetis, Supple-
ment, ii. 46.

KRANZ, JOHANN FRIEDRICH, born
at Weimar in 1754, died at Stuttgart in
1807. Violinist, pupil of Gopfcrt until 1781,
when he was sent by the duke to finish
his studies in Italy, where he enjoyed con-
siderable reputation as a violinist ; re-
turning in 1787, he lived in Munich for a
year, then became second Conzertmeiater
of the court orchestra in Weimar, and suc-
ceeded Zumsteeg as Kapellmeister in Stutt-
gart in 1803. He composed a violin con-
certo (1807), music to the Gross-Cophta, and
other dramas, a concerto for viola (1778),
songs, etc. Mendel ; Schilling.

KUVUS, JOSEPH MARTIN, born at
Mannheim in 1756, died at Stockholm, Dec.
!">, 17H2. Dramatic composer, pupil of Abt
Vogler on the pianoforte and in composi-
tion ; studied at several universities and
finally went to Stockholm, where his talent
SO>MI won the notice of Gustavus III., who
sent him iu 1784 to Italy to study. Two
years later he joined the king there, and
\M lit with him to Rome and as court Ka-
pellmeister to Vienna, whence he went to
finish his studies in Paris, and remained
there until 178'.t. Works : Dido ami -Eneas,
Swedish opera, given in Stockholm, 17'.U) ;
Interludes to the comedy Amphitryon ; Can-
tata for the funeral of Gustavus III.; Sym-
phonies ; String quartets ; Quintet for wind
instruments ; Canons, arias, songs ; Stella
eo-li. motet with instruments; Pianoforte
music, etc. Gerber ; Mendel ; Schilling ;

Fetis.

l\i; VI '->!:. ANTON, born at Geithain,
Saxony, Nov. 9, IS.'U. still living. 18S1I.
Pianist, pupil of Spindler, Friedrich Wieck,
and Reissiger in Dresden ; then studied
at the Leipsic Conservatorium in 1850-53.
He became conductor of the Leipziger Lie-
dertafel iu 1855 ; succeeded Karl Reiuecke



KRAUSE




fit Barmen in 1859, in the direction of the
city Gesangverein, Gymnasial-Sangerehor,
and Concordiaconzerte ;
was afterwards appoint-
ed royal music director.
Works : 2 operas ; Ky-
rie, Sauctus, and Ben-
edictus for chorus, solos,
and orchestra ; 10 son-
atas, 60 etudes, and
other music for piano-
forte ; Songs. Men-
del ; Fetis, Supplement, ii. 47 ; Kiemann.

KRAUSE, CHRISTIAN GOTTFRIED,
born at Winzig, Silesia, in 1719, died in
Berlin, July 21, 1770. Instrumental and
vocal composer, pupil of his father, who was
city musician ; studied law in Breslau and
Frankfort-on-the-Oder, went to Berlin in
1747, was at first secretary to General von
Rothenburg, and from 1753 attorney to the
magistrate and at the French district court.
He composed symphonies, concertos, trios,
and other instrumental music, cantatas,
odes, and songs, all left in MS. He was
author of Von der musikalischen Poesie
(Berlin, 1753), and other writings. Men-
del ; Gerber ; Schilling ; Fetis.

KRAUSE, EMIL, born in Hamburg in
1840, still living, 1889. Pianist and writer
on music, pupil at the Conservatorium,
Leipsic, 1858-00, of Hauptmann, Rietz,
Moscheles, Plaidy, and Richter ; then taught
the pianoforte and theory in Hamburg,
where he became professor at the Conser-
vatorium in 1885. Works : 3 cantatas ;
Ave Maria for female double chorus in six
parts ; Chamber music ; Songs ; Beitrage
zur Technik des Klavierspiels, op. 38 and
57 ; Aufgabenbuch fur die Harmonielehre.
Mendel ; Fetis, Supplement, ii. 47 ; Rie-
mann.

KRAUSE, THEODOR, born at Halle,
May 1, 1833, still living, 1889. Baritone
oratorio singer, pupil of Eduard Mautius
and Martin Blumner in singing, of Greger,
Naue, E. Heutschel, and Grell, later of Mo-
ritz Hauptmaun in Leipsic, in theory. He



j studied at the teachers' seminary, Weis-
senfels, in 1851-54. He was a teacher in
1854 at Hettstiidt, where he organized a
singing society ; appeared first as a singer
at Halle in an oratorio, went to Berlin in
1858, sang at the Bach Society concerts and
in the Siugakademie, and made a reputation
as an oratorio singer there and at concerts
in Leipsic, Zeitz, Gera, Dresden, etc. He
was appointed principal teacher of a public
school in Berlin, vocal instructor of the
cadet corps, and director of the society for
church music a cappella. He is musical re-
porter for the Deutsche Rundschau, the
Rcichsbote, and the Berliner Zeitung, and
has published string quartets, songs, quar-
tets for male voices, choruses for mixed
voices, etc. Mendel.

KRAUSS, BENEDICT, born in Salzburg
in the first part of the 18th century, died in
the early part of the 19th century. Church
and dramatic composer, Kapellmeister to
Duke Clemens of Bavaria ; then director of
the court theatre at Weimar in 1785.
Works : Die Pilgrime auf Golgotha, orato-
rio ; Die SchOpfung, cantata ; Amor's YA\~
falle, operetta ; Symphonies, and other in-
strumental music ; Italian and German
arias ; Songs, etc. Mendel ; Gerber ; Schil-
ling ; Fetis.

KRAUSSE, THEODOR, born at Weimar,
May 31, 1822, died at Minister, March 10,
1868. Pianist, pupil of Tdpfer on the or-
gan and in theory, and in Paris (1839-41)
of Kalkbreuner on the pianoforte ; made
concert tours through Russia, Sweden,
Denmark, Holland, Germany, finally settled
at Minister to teach music, and with Bis-
ping founded in 1853 a musical institute,
which is still flourishing. His compositions
are chiefly studies and other instructive
music for pianoforte. Mendel.

KREBS, JOHANN BAPTIST, born at
Ueberaucheu, Baden, April 12, 1774, died
at Stuttgart, Oct. 2, 1851. Tenor singer
of reputation, pupil of Weiss at Donau-
eschingen ; made his debut in Stuttgart,
1795, and was a great favourite until he



391



KREBS



KREBS,



retired from the stage in 1823. He com-
posed many songs and part-songs, which
were very popular. Allgem. d. Biogr.,
xvii. 98 ; Fetis ; Mendel ; Schilling.

KREBS, JOHANN LUDWIG, born at
Buttelstiiclt, Thuriugia, Oct. 10, 1713, died
at Altenburg in 1780. Organist of great
fame, son and pupil of Johaun Tobias Krebs
(1000-1759, cantor and organist); entered
the Thomasschule, Leipsic, in 172(5, and for
nine years was the favourite pupil of Bach.
After studying philosophy at Leipsic for
two years, he became organist at Zwickau in
1737, at Zeitz in 1744, and court organist
at Altenburg in 175G. Works : Klavier-
ubungeu (Nuremberg, 1743-49) ; Concerto
for pianoforte ; Sonatas for pianoforte and
flute ; Trios for flutes ; Suites, preludes,
etc., for pianoforte ; Organ music ; Vocal
church music. Allgem. d. Biogr., xvii. 90 ;
Fetis ; Schilling.

KARL AUGUST, born at
Nuremberg, Jan. 16,
1804, died in Dresden,
Uiy 1C,, 1880. Pian-
ist, son of August and
Charlotte Miedcke,
but adopted on the
denth of his mother by
Johaun Baptist Krebs;
pupil of Schelble, and,
in 1825, of Seyfried
at Vienna. He played
concertos by Mozart, Dussek, Ries, etc.,
when only six years old, and composed his
first opera, Feodore, at the age of seven ;
was Kapellmeister at the Stadt theater in
Hamburg from 1827 to 1850, court Kapell-
meister at Dresden until 1871, and then
conductor in the Catholic court chapel.
His second wife, Aloysia Michalesi, was a
celebrated opera singer, and his daughter,
Mary Krebs, is a distinguished pianist.
Works : Silva, oder die Machtdes Gesanges,
opera, given in Hamburg, 1830 ; Agnes,
der Engel von Augsburg, do., ib., 1834, re-
written and given in Dresden, 1858 and
1863 ; Masses ; Te Deum ; Pianoforte mu-




J sic, and songs. Allgem. d. Biogr., xvii. 99 ;
Fiitis ; Mendel ; Schilling.

KREIBE, JOHANN KONRAD, born at
Gotha, Aug. 15, 1722, died at Ballenstadt,
Oct. 25, 1780. Instrumental composer, pu-
pil of Georg Benda ; studied also in Berlin
and Dresden, and in 17G5 became Kapell-
meister to Prince Friedrich Albrecht voii
Bernberg, at Ballenstiidt. Composed church
music, symphonies, concertos for pianoforte
and for violin, quintets, quartets, trios, and
other instrumental music. His sou Benjamin
Felix Friedrich (born April 3, 1772, died
about 1840?) entered the court orchestra at
Ballenstadt in 1787 as violinist, was a pupil
of Rust and Agthe, became Couzertmeister,
ami in 1834 Hof-Kapellmeister. Of his
compositions, several concertos for various
instruments, and music for violin, were
published. Mendel ; Gcrber ; Schilling ;
Fetis.

KRFJPL, JOSEPH, born in Austria in



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