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1805, died in Vienna, June, ISfifi. Tenor
singer, and vocal composer ; lived in Ham-
burg, Schwerin, and later in Liuz (1847).
He became famous through his song, Das
Mailiifterl, written to the words of Kles-
lieiiu. Mendel ; Fetis, Supplement, ii. 41).

KREISLERIANA, eight pieces for piano-
forte, by Robert Schumann, op. 16, com-
posed in 1838 and dedicated to Chopin.
Title from Ernst T. A. Hoffmann's Fantasie-
stiicke in Callots Mauler (Bamberg, 1814),
and it is thought that iu the figure of Ka-
pellmeister Kreisler Schumann reflected
himself. I. Aeusserst bewegt, in D minor ;
II. Sehr inuig und nicht zu rasch, iu B-
flat ; Intermezzo 1, in B-flat ; Intermezzo 2,
iu G minor ; HI. Sehr aufgeregt, in G
minor ; IV. Sehr langsam, iu B-flat ; V.
Sehr lebhaft, in G minor ; VI. Sehr langsam,
in B-flat ; "VTL Sehr rasch, in C minor ;
\ III. Schnell und spielend, in G minor.
Published by C. Haslinger (Vienna, 1838) ;
F. Whistling (Leipsic, 1850) ; and Gustav
Heinze (Leipsic, 1858). Nos. I. and VIII.
arranged for pianoforte for four hands, by
Gustav Heiuze (Leipsic).



KREJCf, JOSEPH, born at Milostin,
Bohemia, Feb. C, 1822, died in Prague,
Oct. 19, 1881. Organist and church com-
poser, pupil of Joseph Kuthan, on the pi-
anoforte and other instruments, at Senomat,
where he substituted the leader of the town
orchestra, when only thirteen years old.
Through his acquaintance with Chladek,
organist at llakonitz during those years, he
made a close study of Bach's works. Ill
1837 he went to Prague, became a pupil of
Fiihrer at the organ school, taking the first
prize, although he was the youngest scholar,
and private pupil of Vitasek in composition
and instrumentation, and after that teacher's
death studied theory under Joseph Proksch.
In 1844 he became organist and in 1853
choir director of the Kreuzherrn Church,
having meanwhile acted in the latter capac-
ity at the Minoriten Church, in 1848-53.
He was appointed instructor of harmony and
organ at the new Bohemian School in 1849,
director of the Organ School in 1858, and
director of the Conservatoriuni in 18G5.
He was equally remarkable as an organist,
leader, and teacher ; his compositions for
the organ rank among the best in modern
times. Other works : An oratorio ; Masses ;
To Deums ; Antiphons, etc. ; Overtures for
orchestra ; Quartets for male voices ; Songs,
etc. Mendel; Slovni'k naucny (Prague,
1859), iv. 981 ; Wurzbach.

Yilsbiburg, Bavaria, April 20, 1827, died
there, June 9, 1871. Dramatic composer ;
was established as a cloth-maker when he
adopted music as a profession, and at the
age of thirty became a pupil of Franz Lach-
ner at Munich ; later on he found a friend
and adviser in Josef Rheinberger. Win-
ning success as a composer of songs, an
operetta, and comic scenes for the Akademie
Singing Society, he became assistant Ka-
pellmeister of the Actientheater in 1865 ;
then lived for a time privately in Munich,
went as Kapellmeister to Gorlitz in 1868,
and to Berlin and KGnigsberg in 1870.
His serious illness caused him to return to

his native place, whence he went once more
to Munich, and wrote a mass and a festive
overture for the return of the victorious
German army. "Works Operettas: Der
Oiikel aus der Loinbardie ; Hiiusel uud Gre-
tel, Miircheuspiel ; Der Vetter auf Besuch,
given in Munich, Hoftheater ; Die Kreuz-
fahrer ; Das Orakel in Delphi ; Die Geister
des Weins ; Der Rothmautel ; Die Frauzo-
sen in Gotha, romantic comic opera ; Lauds-
knechtlieder, and other songs, duets, etc.
Allgern. d. Biogr., xvii. 122 ; Mendel.

KREMSER, EDUARD, born in Vienna,
April 10, 1838, still living, 1889. Vocal
composer, became conductor of the Miin-
uergesangverein in 1869, and composed
for it a number of choruses, which have be-
come very popular in many places. Other
works : Eiue Operette, operetta given in
Pesth, 1875 ; Orchestra, and pianoforte mu-
sic, and songs.

KRENN, FRANZ, born at Dross, Nether
Austria, Feb. 26, 1816, still living, 1889.
Organist, pupil of Seyfried in Vienna in
1834 ; was organist in several churches of
Vienna, then became Kapellmeister at St.
Michael's in 1862, and professor of har-
mony in the Couservatorium, 1869. Works :
Bonifacius, oratorio ; Die vier letzteu
Dinge, do. ; Cantatas ; 15 Masses, 3 Re-
quiems, Vespers, and other church music ;
One symphony ; Several quartets ; Piano-
forte and organ music ; Songs, and cho-
ruses ; Method for the organ ; Vocal method
for schools, etc.- Mendel ; Riemann.

Ostritz, Saxony, Aug,
31, 1830, still living,
1889. Organist and
dramatic composer,
first instructed by his
father ; then in Dres-
den pupil of Julius
Otto and Johann
Schneider. In 1854
he became organist of
the Catholic court chapel, and in 1863 court
organist ; he founded the Cilcilien-Vereiu,


and in 1850-70 conducted several musical
societies. At the international competition
in Brussels, 1868, he was awarded the first
prize for a mass, and in 1874 won signal
success with his first opera, which soon
made the round of all the principal stages
of Germany. Works : Die Folkunger, op-
era, given in Dresden, 1874 ; Heinrich der
Li") we, do., Leipsic, 1877 ; Der Fliichtling,
do., Ulm, 1881 ; Schon Rotraut, do., Dres-
den, Nov. G, 1887 ; Missa a cappella, op.
15 ; Mass for 2 tenors and bass, with origin ;
do. for mixed voices, op. 22 ; 2 motets for
do., op. 17 ; 4 hymns for do., op. 18 ; do.,
op. 21 ; Die Pilgerfahrt iiach dem gelob-
teu Lande, for male chorus, solo, and or-
chestra, op. 12 ; Festgesaug, for male
chorus, aud wind instruments, op. 27 ; Mu-
sikalische Dorfgeschichten, for small or-
chestra, op. 26 ; Pianoforte music, and
songs. Mendel ; Fetis, Supplement, ii. 50 ;
Mas. Wochenblatt, x. 164; xi. 459.

NAND) HERMANN, born at Olberuhau,
Saxony, Jan. 19, 1848, still living, 1889.
Organist aud writer on music, first instruct-
ed by his father ; then in Dresden pupil of
Julius Otto, and at the Conservatorium, in
Leipsic, of Paul, Richter, Pupperitx, and
Keineeke, and remained there as teacher iu
1871. He became leader of the Bach, Eu-
terpe aud other societies, went as Kapell-
meister to Metz, in 1876, and as director of
music at the university, to Rostock, in 1877 ;
has been city music director there since
1880. His compositions consist of choral
works, organ music, and songs. Mendel,
Ergiiuz., 196 ; Rk'inann.

at Luneville (Metirthe-et-Moselle), France,
Nov. 5, 1777, died near Saint-Denis in 1846.
Violinist, studied in his native city, where he
became chef d'orchestre at the theatre, then
in Paris (1800) under Rodolphe Kreutzer ;
entered the orchestra of the Opera Comique
in 1801, became its assistant conductor in
1805, conductor in 1816, and retired in
1828. From 1814 to 1830 he was also a

member of the royal chapel. Works Op-
eras : Le forgeron de Bassora, 1813 ; Le
portrait de faruille, 1814 ; La perruque et la
rediugote (with Kreutzer), 1815 ; La jeune
belle-mere, 1816 ; Une nuit d'intrigue,
1816 ; L'heritiere, 1817 ; Edmoud et Caro-
line, 1819 ; La jeune tante, 1820 ; Le phi-
losophe en voyage (with Pradher), 1821 ; Le
coq de village, 1822 ; Le paradis de Maho-
met (with Kreutzer), 1822 ; Jenny la bou-
quetiere (with Pradher), 1823 ; L'officier et le
paysau, 1824 ; Les enfants de Maitre Pierre,
1825 ; La lettre posthurne, 1827 ; Le man-
age u 1'anglaise, 1828. Duets, trios, quar-
tets, nocturnes, and other pieces for violin.
Fetis ; Larousse.

TON, born at Heidingsfeld, Bavaria, in
1743, died at Mainz in 1802. Violinist, pu-
pil of his brother Adam Kreuser (1727-91,
hornist and coucertmeester in Amsterdam),
then went to Italy to study till 1775 ; ka-
pelmeester in Amsterdam iu 1776, subse-
quently Conzertmeister to the Elector of
Mainz. Works : Der Tod Jesu, oratorio ;
30 (?) symphonies for orchestra ; 18 quartets
for strings ; 12 trios for do.; 6 quartets for
flute and strings ; 3 sonatas for pianoforte
and violin; 3 do. for pianoforte; German
songs.- Fetis ; Schilling.

(U'STE, bom at Versailles, Sept. 3, 177S,
died iu Paris, Aug. 31, 1832. Violinist,
brother and pupil of Rodolphe Kreutzer at
the Paris Conservatoire, where he won the
first prize in 1801. He was violinist at the
Theatre Favart in 1798, at the Opera in
1802, and pensioned in 1823 ; was assistant
professor at the Conservatoire for many
years, and succeeded his brother as profes-
sor in 1826. He was also first violin in the
chapel of Napoleon, of Louis XVIII., and of
Charles X. He published 2 concertos, 2
duets, 3 sonatas, several airs varies, and so-
los for violin. Fetis ; Mendel ; Larousse ;

born at Musskirch, Baden, Nov. 22, 1780,



died at Riga, Dec. 14, 1849. Dramatic com-
poser, pupil of Johann Baptist Rieger, then
at the Abbey of Zwie-
falten, where he pur-
sued his literary stud-
ies in 1792-96, pupil
of the priest Ernst
Weinraueh in com-
position ; began to
study medicine in

1799 at Freiburg ;
then spent about
five years at Con-
stance, whence he went to Vienna in 1804,
and for two years was a pupil of Albrechts-
berger. Having remained in Vienna until
1811 he travelled for a year, appearing suc-
cessfully as a pianist ; was Kapellmeister to
the King of Wiirtemberg in 1812-16, to the
Prince von Fiirstenberg in 1817-21, at the
Kiiruthnerthor Theater, Vienna, in 1825,
1829-32, and 1837-40, at the Josephstiidter
Theater, ib., in 1833-40, at the Stadt-
theater, Cologne, in 1840-46, again in Vi-
enna in 1847-49. He had made concert
tours in 1817-18, earning especial applause
in Berlin and Dresden, and with his daugh-
ter Ciicilie, in 1840 ; he conducted the 23d
Nether-Rhenish Music Festival at Cologne
in 1843, was repeatedly in Paris, 1827, 1843-
44, to bring out his operas, and with Gauz
conducted opera in Ghent in 1844. For
his daughter's sake, who had obtained an
engagement at Riga, he went thither in
1848. Of his dramatic music only Das
Nachtlager von Granada and the music to
Der Verschwender have held the stage to
this day, and his choruses for male voices
are still popular. Works Operas : Die
liicherliche Werbung, given at Freiburg,

1800 ; Jery uucl Biitely, Vienna, 1810 ; Kou-
radin von Schwaben, Stuttgart, 1812 ; Zwei
Worte, oder die Nacht im Walde, ib., 1813 ;
Der Taucher, ib., 1814 ; Adele von Budry,
ib., 1814, Kiiuigsberg, 1821 ; Alimon und
Zaide, Stuttgart, 1815 ; Die Insulanerin,
ib., 1815 ; Feodora, ib., 1816 ; Die Alpeu-
hiitte, 1816 ; Orestes, Prague, 1817 ; Cor-

delia, Donaueschingeu, 1819 ; Libussa, Vi-
enna, 1822; Siguua, ib., 1823; Erfiillte
Hoffnung, ib., 1824 ; Die lustige Werbung,
1826 ; L'eau de jouvence, Paris, 1827 ; Baron
Luft, Prague, 1829 ; Denise, das Milch-
miidchen von Montfermeil, ib., 1829 ; Die
Jungfrau, ib., 1831 ; Der Lasteutrager an
der Themse, ib., 1832 ; Melusine, Berlin,

1833 ; Das Naclillager in Granada, Vienna,

1834 ; Tom Rick oder der Pavian, ib., 1834 ;
Der Brautigam in der Klemme, ib., 1835 ;
Traumleben, ib., 1835 ; Der Verschwender,
ib., 1836 ; Die HOhle von Waverley, ib.,
1837 ; Fridolin, oder der Gang uach dem
Eisenhammer, ib., 1837 ; Die beiden Figaro,
ib., 1839; Der Edelkuecht, Wiesbaden,
1842 ; Die Hochlanderin am Kaukasus,
Hamburg, Gratz, and Prague, 1846 ; Au-
relia ; Die Seudung Mosis, oratorio, Stutt-

/o ^-o

V.o-v^o>atV\ ^ u^TxAx^

gart, 1814, Zurich, 1815 ; 11
masses ; Te Deum, and other
church music ; Chamber and
pianoforte music ; Songs, and about 150
choruses for male voices. Allgem. d. Biogr.,
xvii. 145 ; Fetis ; Mendel ; Riemann ; Riehl,
Mus. Charakterkopfe, i. 263 ; Schilling ;

COIS), born in Paris, Sept, 23, 1817, died
at Vichy, Oct. 6, 1868. Pianist and musical
critic, son of Auguste Kreutzer, pupil of
Fleche on the pianoforte and of Benoist in
composition. He was musical critic to La
Quotidieuue, L'Union, Revue et Gazette mu-
sicale de Paris, Revue coutemporaine, and
other periodicals. Works : Serafine, comic
opera ; and Les filles d'azur, fairy opera ;
Stabat Mater, for two choruses ; 2 sympho-
nies for orchestra ; Fautaisie burlesque for
do. ; Fantaisie militaire for do. ; Concerto
symphouique for pianoforte and orchestra ;
String quartets ; Trios ; Sonatas ; Preludes,
etc., for pianoforte and for violin. Futis ;



do., Supplement, ii. 50 ; Pougin, Leon K.
(Paris, 1868).

sailles, Nov. 16,
1706, died in Ge-
neva, June 6, 1831.
Violinist and dra-
matic composer, pu-
pil of bis father and
of Stamitz ; played,
when thirteen years
old, a violin con-
certo of his own
composition at a
Concert Spirituel in Paris. Through the
influence of Marie Antoinette he became first
violin in the king's chapel in 1782, and
eight years later was made solo violinist at
the Theatre Italien. In 1707 he made a con-
cert tour through Italy, Germany, and the
Netherlands, and on his return was made
professor of violin in the Conservatoire'.
He became first solo violin at the Opera in
1M>1, tirst violin in the chapel of the First
Consul in 1802, to the Emperor in 1806,
and maitre dc la chapelle to Louis XVIII.
in 181") ; was vice-conductor of the Acade-
mic in 1816, conductor in 1817-24. Legion
of Honour in 1824. Beethoven dedicated
to him the Kreut/er Sonata. He ranks
with Viotti, Rode, and Baillot, as a master
of the classical violin school of Paris.
Works Operas (all given in Paris) : Jeanne
d'Arc a Orleans, 1790 ; Paul et Virginie,
1791 ; lodolska, 1791 : Charlotte et Wer-
ther, 1792 ; Le franc Breton, 1792 ; Le de-
serteur de la niontagne de Hamm, 1793 ;
La journee de Marathon, 1793 ; Le siege
de Lille, 1793 ; Le congres des rois, with
others, 1793 ; On respire, 1794 ; La jour-
nee du 10 aofit, 1792, ou la chute du der-
nier tyran, 1795 ; Le brigand, 1795 ; Le
lendemain de la bataille de Fleurus, 1795 ;
Le petit page, 1795 ; Imogene, ou la ga-
geure indiscrete, 1796 ; Flaminius a Co-
rinthe, 1800 ; Asti/anar, 1801 ; Les surprises,
ou 1'etourdi en voyage, 1806 ; Jadis et au-
jourd'hui, 1808 ; Francois I", 1808 ; Aris-

! tippe, 1808 ; Antoine et Cleopatre, 1809 ;
La mort d'Abel, 1810 ; Le triomphe du
mois de inars, 1811 ; L'homme sans faeon,
1812; Le camp de Sobieski, 1813; Con-
stance et Theodore, 1813 ; Les Bearnais,
1814; La fete de Mars, 1814 ; L'oriflamme,

1814 ; L'heureux retour (with Persuis and
Berton), 1815 ; La princesse de Babyloue,

1815 ; La perruque et la redingote (with
Krt'iibe) ; Le maitre et le valet, 1816 ; Les
dieux rivaux (with Spontiui, Persuis, and
Berton), 1816 ; Le carnaval de Veuise (with
Persuis), 1816 ; La scrvante justifice, 1818 ;
Clari, 1820 ; Le uegociant de Hambourg,
1821 ; Blanche de Provence, ou la cour des
fees (with others), 1821 ; Le paradis de Ma-
homet, 1822 ; Ipsibou, 1823 ; Pharanioud
(with Berton and Boieldieu), 1825 ; Matilde.
19 violin concertos ; Sonatas for violin and
violoncello ; 15 string quartets ; 15 trios
and a symphonic concertante for two vio-
lins and violoncello ; Duos and two sym-
phonies concertautes for two violins ; 40
caprices and etudes for violin ; Airs with vari-
ations, etc. Fetis ; do., Supplement, ii. 50 ;
Gerber ; Grove ; Mendel ; Riemanu ; Schil-
ling, iv. 231 ; Wasielewski, Die Violine, 269 ;
Hart, The Violin, 295 ; Dubourg, The Vio-
lin, 201.

KKEUTZER SONATE, name given to
the sonata for pianoforte and violin in A,
by Beethoven, op. 47, first performed by
Beethoven and George A. P. Bridgetower at
the Augarten, Vienna, May 17, 1803. The
variations were played from the MS. without
rehearsal. The finale was originally written
for the sonata in A, op. 30. This sonata,
the most elaborate and difficult of Beetho-
ven's violin sonatas, is dedicated to Rodolphe
Kreutzer, who never played it. Published
by Traeg (Vienna, 1805), and Simrock
(Bonn, 1805) ; by Breitkopf & Hiirtel, Beet-
hoven "Werke, Serie 12, No. 9. Arrange-
ments for grand orchestra, 2 violins, viola,
and violoncello by Hartmann ; for piano-
forte solo, and for 4 hands, by Czerny ; and
for pianoforte and violoncello by Griitz-
macher. Grove, ii. 73 ; Leuz, Beethoven,



i., Part H. 257 ; Thayer, Verzeichniss, 111 ;
Marx, Beethoven, i. 292 ; Berlioz, Voyage
Musical, i. 261.

KREUZFAHRER, DIE (The Crusaders),
cantata in three parts, text by Carl Ander-
sen, music by Niels Wilhelm Gade, op.
50, first given in Copenhagen, in 18C6,
and, under the composer's own direction,
at the Birmingham (England) Festival, Aug.
31, 1876, with an English translation by
Eev. J. Troutbeck. I. In the Desert ; II.
Armida ; HI. Towards Jerusalem. Char-
acters represented : Peter the Hermit, Ri-
ualdo, Armida, Choruses of Crusaders, Si-
rens, and Pilgrims. It is one of the best of
Gade's works and one of the most beautiful
of modern cantatas. Published by Novello,
Ewer & Co. (London), and by Breitkopf
& Hilrtel (Leipsic, 1867). Athenaeum
(187(i), ii. 314 ; Upton, Standard Cantatas.
149. See also The Crusaders.

KREUZFAHRER, DIE, romantic opera
in three acts, text and music by Spohr,
from Kotzebue's drama, first represented at
Cassel, Jan. 1, 1845, afterwards in Berlin,
Spohr conducting. Published by J. Schu-
berth (Leipsic, 1845). Spohr, Autobiogra-
phy, ii. 261 ; Neue Zeitschrift fur Musik
(24), 73.

KRIEGER, ADAM, born at Driesen
Neumark, Jan. 7,
KJ34, died in Dres-
den, June 30, 1666.
Organist, pupil of
Samuel Scheldt at
Halle, and of Schiitz
in Dresden, where
he became court or-
ganist in or after
1657. His only
known work, published after his death, bears
the following title : Herrn Adam Krieger's,
Churf. Durchl. zu Sachsen, etc., wohlbestalt
gewesenen Gammer und Hofmusici, Neue
Arien in 5 Zehen eingetheilet, von Einer,
Zwo, Drey und Fiinf Vocal-Stimmen, etc.
(Dresden, 1667). Gerber says he published
Arie fur 2 Discantstimrnen, nebst eiuem

Ritorn. von 2 Violen (Leipsic, 1656). Some
of his chorals continue in use. Allgern. d.
Biogr., xvii. 164 ; Gerber, 769 ; Mendel ;
N. Zeitschr. f. Mus. (1849), 205, 213 ; Fiirst-
enau, Zur Gesch. der Mus. am Hofe zu
Dresden, i. 153.

KRIEGER, JOHANN, born at Nurem-
berg, Jan. 1, 1652, died at Zittau, July
18, 1736. Organist and church composer,
brother and pupil of Philipp Krieger, whom
he succeeded at Baireuth in 1672 ; about
1677 he went to live at Nuremberg, and in
1678, became Kapellmeister at Greiz, in
1681 at Eiseuberg, and in the same year
music director and organist at Zittau.
Works : Masses ; Motets ; Chorals ; Musika-
lische Ergetzlichkeiten, arias for 5-9 voices
(1684) ; Musikalische Partieu, dance music
for pianoforte (1697) ; Aumuthige Clavier-
iibuugen, preludes, fugues, etc. (1699).
Allgem. d. Biogr., xvii. 459 ; Fetis ; Ger-
ber ; Schilling.

at Nuremberg, Feb. 26, 1649, died at Weis-
seufels, Feb. 6, 1725. Organist and dra-
matic composer, pupil of J. Drechsel on the
hnrpsichord, and of Gabriel Schiitz on sev-
eral other instruments, then about 1666 at
Copenhagen pupil and for five years assist-
ant of the court organist J. SchrOter, and
pupil in composition of Georg Forster.
He appeared as harpsichord player in Nu-
remberg with success ; became court organ-
ist in Baireuth, went to Italy in 1672, and
studied under Roseumiiller and Rovetta in
Venice, and Abbatiui and Bernardo Pasqniui
in Rome. On his return to Baireuth he
resumed his former occupation, and was
loaded with favours by the Emperor Leopold
I., while visiting Vienna. He lived after-
wards in Cassel as Kapellmeister and in
Halle as court organist, and finally became
Hof-Kapellmeister to the Duke of Saxe-
Weisseufels. His operas were given at dif-
ferent courts. Der Wettstreit der Treue,
and Hercules (2 parts), were produced in
Hamburg, in 1694. Other works : 24 sona-
tas for 2 violins and bass (1687) ; Musika-


lischer Seelenfriede, 20 sacred arias, with
violin and bass (16D7) ; Lustige Feldinusik,
for 4 wind instru-
ments; etc. Allgem.

d. Biogr., \vii.
458 ; Ft'tis ; Ger-
b e r ; Me n del ;
Schilling; Mattheson, Ehrenpforte.

KRIEGK, J. J., bom at Bebra, near
Merseburg, June '2.5, 1750, died at Mi-iii-
ingen in 1813. Violinist and virtuoso on
the violoncello ; was a singer and violinist
at the court of Meiuiugen when twelve
years old ; at the age of nineteen entered
the service of the Landgrave of Hesse-
Philippsthal, with whom he went twice to
Holland, and in 1773 became first violinist
at the opera, Amsterdam. In 1774 he went
to Paris with the Marquis do Taillefer, be-
came a pupil of Duport the younger on the
violoncello, appeared at concerts, and was
violoncellist to the Prince de Laval- Mont-
moreucy for four years. On his return to
Meiuiugen he was made chamber musician,
and in 1798 Couzertmeister. He composed
concertos and sonatas for violoncello. Men-
del ; Gerber ; Schilling.

KEIFFT, WILLIAM DE, born in Eng-
land in 1765, died (?). Amateur pianist, pu-
pil of dementi. He appeared in public
with success in 1791 at Coblentz, where he
produced a symphony of his own composi-
tion. He lived in London from 1793. He
published symphonies, sonatas with and
without accompaniment, and a Stabat Mater
with orchestral accompaniment. Mendel ;
Gerber ; Fetis.

in Berlin, April 3, 1819, died there, Sept.
5, 1880. Pianist, first studied painting,
but in 1843 adopted music as a profession.
He went to Leipsic, became a pupil of Men-
delssohn, Schumann, Hauptmann, Fink,
and Kuorr ; returned to Berlin in 1845, to

teach music, and to write for musical periodi-
cals, lu 1852 he founded a singing society,
and in 1854-57 con-
ducted the N e u e
Berliner Leiderta-
fel, for which he
wrote many chorus-
es for men's voices.

In 1857 he was appointed royal music di-
rector, and later member of the Royal Musi-
cal Experts' Society. He composed music
for plays, motets, psalms, songs for one or
more voices, pianoforte music. Allgem. d.
Biogr., xvii. 171 ; Fetis, Supplement, ii. 51 ;

Wehlen, Saxony, in 177S, died in Dresden,
Oct. 14, 1813. Church composer, cantor,
and director of the Kreuzkirche, Dresden.
He composed many cantatas, motets, and
other vocal music, which were much es-
teemed for their flowing style. Mendel.

KROGULSKI, JOZEP, born at Tar-
now, Galicia, in 1817, died at Warsaw, Jan.
9, 1842. Church composer, pupil of his
father and of Joseph Eisner ; appeared in
public in Warsaw, in 1825, with great suc-
cess. He became choir director of the
Piarist church, and in 1839 vocal instructor
at the convent of the Sisters of Charity.
Works : 10 Polish masses, for 2-4 voices,
some with organ and instrumental ac-
companiment ; Requiem ; Psalm cxxxii. ;
Passion oratorio for Good Friday ; 2 can-
tatas ; 3 hymns ; Sonatas, quartets, varia-
tions for pianoforte, etc. ; Zbi6r spiewow
kos"cielnych, a collection of church music.
FiHis ; Mendel ; Sowinski, 345.

KROLL, FRANZ, born at Bromberg,
June 22, 1820, died in Berlin, May 28,
1877. Pianist, pupil of Liszt in Weimar
and Paris ; settled in Berlin in 1849, to
teach music, and was instructor at Stern's
Conservatorium in 18G3-G4. He is less
known as a composer than through his
critical editions of Bach's Wohltempi-r-
irtes Clavier, Bach's chromatic fantasia, Mo-
zart's fantasias for pianoforte, and other


works. Mendel ; Riemauu ; Fetis, Supple-
ment, ii. 52.

KROLLMANN, ANTON, born at Seu-
lingen, near Guttingeu, June 3, 1798, died
('?). Flutist, pupil of his father, who was a
town musician ; then pupil of Hunecke at
Celle. He appeared with great success at
concerts in Hanover, Brunswick, Oldenburg,
and the Rhenish provinces ; was appointed
bandmaster of the Body Guards in Han-
over in 1829, and was a well-known teacher.
He published music for pianoforte, flute,
and other instruments. Mendel ; Schil-
ling ; Fetis.

KROMMER, FRANZ, born at Kameuitz,
Moravia, May 17,
1760, died in Vi-
enna, Jan. 8, 1831.
Violinist, pupil of
his uncle, who was
choirmaster at
Turas, Hungary ;
was organist there
in 1776-84. Hebe-
c a m e violinist to
Count Ayrum at
Simontornya, Hungary, and later director
to the same ; was choir director at Fiiuf-
kirchen, Kapellmeister of the Karoly Regi-
ment, then to Prince Grassalkovics, with
whom he went to Vienna, and in 1814 be-
came court Kapellmeister. Works : Mass
for 4 voices, with orchestra ; 5 symphonies

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