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for full orchestra, op. 12, 40, 62, 102, 105 ;
5 concertos for violin ; 2 do. for clarinet ;
18 quintets for strings ; 7 do. for flutes ; C9
quartets for strings ; G do. for flutes ; 2 do.
for clarinets ; Trio for strings ; Symphonies
coucertantes for various instruments. All-
gem. d. Biogr., xvii. 188 ; Dlabacz ; Fetis ;
Gerber ; Mendel ; Riehl, Mus. Charakter-
ki'ipfe, iii. 129 ; Wurzbach.

KRUFFT, NICOLAUS, Freiherr VON,
born in Vienna, Feb. 1, 1779, died there,
April 16, 1818. Pianist, precocious mu-
sical genius, first instructed by his mother,
an accomplished pianist ; while still very
young he could play Haydn's music from




memory, after once hearing it. He was
subsequently a pupil of Albrechtsberger.
Compelled by his family to study law and
enter the State service, he gave up all his
spare time and his nights to musical com-
position, but this arduous life broke his
health and he died young. He published
string quartets, sonatas for pianoforte with
and without accompaniment, 24 fugues and
preludes for pianoforte, variations, and
more than 100 songs, some for 4 voices
with chorus, etc. Mendel ; Schilling ; Wurz-
| bach ; Fetis.

KEUG, ARNOLD, born in Hamburg,
Oct. 16, 1849, still living, 1889. Pianist,
son and pupil of Dietrich Krug, and pupil
of Gurlitt ; also, in 1868, at the Leipsic Cou-
servatorium, in 1869 of Reinecke, and in
1871, in Berlin, of Kiel and of Ed. Frank.
Mozart prize, Frankfort, 1869 ; Meyerbeer
prize, Berlin, 1877. He was in Italy and
France in 1877-78, then settled in Ham-
burg, where he founded a singing society,
and in 1885 became professor at the Cou-
servatorium and conductor of the Siugaka-
demie at Altoua. Works : Der Tod Rizzio's,
opera ; Overture, for orchestra ; Symphony
for do., op. 9 ; Italieuische Reiseskizzen,
for violin and string orchestra, op. 12 ;
Liebesuovelle, idyl for string orchestra
and harp, op. 14 ; Trio for pianoforte, vio-
lin, and violoncello, op. 1 ; La regine Avril-
louse, for female chorus, with orchestra, op.
10 ; Nomadenzug, for male chorus with or-
chestra, op. 11 ; Der Abend, for mixed
chorus with orchestra, op. 15 ; Ich harre
des Herrn, for chorus a cappella, op. 6 ; 5
songs for mixed chorus, op. 7 ; Quartet for
pianoforte and strings, op. 16 ; Several
pieces for pianoforte, and many songs. Fe-
tis, Supplement, ii. 52 ; Riemann ; Mus.
Wochenblatt, vi. 291, 494 ; vii. 628 ; ix.
492, 502 ; xi. 359.

KRUG, DIETRICH, born in Hamburg
in 1821, died there, April 7, 1880, Pianist,
pupil of Jacob Schmitt. He published
about 350 compositions for the pianoforte ;
his principal work is a method in four parts,



KRTJG



with very practical melodious studies.
Mendel ; Fetis, Supplement, ii. 52.

KRUG, FRIEDRICH, born in Cassel,
July 5, 1812, still living, 1889. Baritone
singer, and dramatic composer ; appeared
with success oil the German stage, and
while in Carlsruhe was appointed, in 1849,
court music director ; became chorus-mas-
ter at the court theatre, and conductor of
the Liederhalle Singing Society. Works
Operas : Die Marquise, given at Cassel,
1843 ; Meister Martin der Kiifer und seine
Geselleu, Carlsruhe, 1845 ; Der Nacht-
wachter, Mannheim, 1846 ; Songs and cho-
ruses for male voices. Fetis ; Mendel.

KRUG, GUSTAV, born in Berlin in 1810,
still living, 1889. Pianist, pupil of Lud-
wig Berger. He studied law, and in 1845
was appointed Ober-Laudsgerichtsrath of
Naumburg. He composed quartets and
trios for pianoforte and strings, quartets for
strings, duo for pianoforte and violin (prize
of the Norddeutscher Musikverein, 1843) ;
Sonatas, etc. Mendel ; Fetis ; do., Supple-
ment, ii. 52.

KRUGEB, WILHELM, born at Stutt-
gart in 1820, died there, June 20, 1883.
1'iauist, pupil of Lmdpaintner, then studied
for t\Mi years in Paris under the patronage
of the King of "NViirtemberg, and remained
two years longer, teaching the pianoforte
and playing at concerts. On his return he
In-i-.-iiiie court pianist and travelled through
Germany in 1840, lived in Berlin a year,
and was a pupil of Duhu in counterpoint.
After a long stay in Stuttgart he returned
to Paris, where he held an important posi-
tion as teacher in 1845, visiting Germany
yearly in 1851-1871 ; finally returned to
Stuttgart at the outbreak of the Franco-
Prussian war, and was appointed professor
of pianoforte in the royal Couservatorium.
He composed many pianoforte pieces in
salon style, some of which have become
widely known. Mendel ; Fetis ; Weit/-
mann, Geschichte des Clavierspiels, 138.

KBUMPHOLZ, JOHAXN BAPTIST,
born at Zlouitz, near Prague, about 1745,



died in Paris, Feb. 10, 1790. Harpist,
pupil of his father, who was bandmaster in
a French regiment in Paris ; appeared in
concerts in Vienna in 1772 ; was a member
of Prince Eszterhiizy's orchestra at Eszter-
h;'iz in 1773-76, at the same time studying
composition under Haydn. After a concert
tour through Germany, he settled in Paris
as teacher and virtuoso. He drowned him-
self in the Seine from grief at the infidel-
ity of his wife, who had become by his in-
struction a finer player even than himself.
Works : 6 concertos, 52 sonatas, duets, pre-
ludes, and variations for the harp ; Quartet
for harp and stringed instruments ; Sym-
phony for harp, violins, flute, horns, violon-
cello, and other instruments. Fetis; Gerber;
Mendel ; Riemauu ; Schilling ; Wurzbach.

KUCHARZ (Kuchorz), JOHAXN BAP-
TIST, born at Chotecz, Bohemia, March 5,
1751, died in Prague, Feb. 18, 1829. Or-
ganist, pupil at the Jesuit College at Konig-
griitz, and the Jesuit Seminary at Gitschin,
where he was organist ; then of the organist
Seeger in Prague. He was successively or-
ganist of St. Heinrichskirche and of the
monastery of Strahow, and conductor at the
opera, Prague, in 1791-1800. He was a
finished artist on the pianoforte, the man-
dolin, and harmonica. Works : 3 cantatas
(1807-8) ; 2 concertos, and other music for
organ ; Sonatas for pianoforte ; Several com-
positions for mandolin, and harmonica.
Allgem. d. Biogr., xvii. 284 ; Dlabacz ;
Wurzbach ; Fetis.

KUCHLER, JOHANN, German com-
poser of the 18th century. Bassoon vir-
tuoso, member of the Elector of Cologne's
orchestra at Bonn in 1780, and ten years
later of the ducal orchestra at Mainz. He
played in Paris at the Concerts Spirituels
with great success. He published many
symphonies, quartets, concertos, and duets.
The opera Azakia is credited to him in the
Caleiidrier des theatres de Gotha (1782).
Mendel ; Fetis.

KUCKEN, FRIEDRICH W I L H E L M ,
born at Bleckede, Hanover, Nov. 1C,



wu



KUDELSKI




1810, died at Schwerin, April 3, 1882. Vocal
composer, pupil of Liihrss, Aron, and
Rettberg iu Schwerin,
where he played in
the duke's orchestra ;
studied under Birn-
bach iu Berlin in 1S32,
under Sechter in Vi-
enna in 1841, and un-
der Halevy and Bor-
dogui in Paris in 1843.
He was Kapellmeister
in Stuttgart in 1851
-61, the first five years jointly with Lind-
paiiitner ; resigned in 1861, and retired to
Schwerin. He was judge of a competition
iu Strasburg in 1863, with Abt and Berlioz,
and met with a most enthusiastic reception.
His songs were immensely popular with the
masses, but found little favour with musi-
cians. Works : Die Flucht nach der Schweiz,
opera, given in Berlin, 1839 ; Der Prateu-
deut, Stuttgart, 1847 ; Sonatas for pianoforte
and violin, and for pianoforte and violon-
cello ; Quartets for male voices ; Many songs
and duets. Allgem. d. Biogr., xvii. 290 ;
Mendel ; Neumann, Biogr. (Balde, Cassel) ;
Schilling, Supplement, 246 ; Riemann.

KUDELSKI, KAEL MATTHIAS, born
in Berlin, Nov. 7, 1805, died at Baden-Ba-
den, Oct. 3, 1877. Violinist, pupil of Edu-
ard Ritz and of Lafoiit, and in composition
of Urban ; for several years first violin in
the orchestra of the Konigstadtisches The-
ater, he joined the quartet in Dorpat, 1830,
and in 1839 became Kapellmeister to a Rus-
sian nobleman, and in 1841 Conzertmeis-
tiT and director of the Imperial Theatre in
Moscow. He was pensioned in 1851, and
lived subsequently in Hamburg. He pub-
lished concertos for violin and violoncello ;
duets for violins and for violin and violon-
cello ; sonatas for violin and pianoforte,
etc., and a treatise on harmony (Hamburg,
1865). Mendel ; Sowiuski, 350.

KUFFERATH, HUBERT FERDINAND,
born at Miihlheim, June 10, 1808, still living,
1889. Pianist, brother and pupil of Johanu



Hermann Kuft'erath ; pupil of Hartmann in
Cologne, of Schneider in Dessau (1833-36),
and of Mendelssohn and David in Leipsic.
He was director of the Miiunergesangvereiu
at Cologne in 1841-44, settled in Brussels
in 1844, and became professor at the Con-
servatoire in 1872. "Works : Symphonies ;
Concertos and other music for pianoforte ;
Songs. Mendel ; Fetis ; Riemaun. '

KUFFERATH, JOHANN HERMANN,
born at Mulheirn-on-the-lluhr, Prussia, May
12, 1797, died at Wiesbaden, July 28, 1864.
Violinist, pupil of his father and of Alex-
ander, and later of Hauptmaun and Spohr
at Cassel. He was music director in Biele-
feld in 1823, and in 1830 city music director
of Utrecht, where he was also vocal instruc-
tor at the music school, and conducted sev-
eral societies ; retired to Wiesbaden in
1862. W T orks : Jubelcantate for the 200th
anniversary of the Academy of Utrecht, and
other cantatas for special occasions ; Over-
tures, motets, etc. In 1836 he received a
prize from the Music Society of the Nether-
lands for his Manuel de chant, for the use
of schools. Fetis; Gregoir, Biog., 113;
Riernann ; Viotta.

KUFFERATH, LOUIS, born at Miihl-
heim, Prussia, Nov. 10, 1811, died near Brus-
sels, March 2, 1882. Pianist, brother and pu-
pil of Johann Hermann Kuft'erath, and pupil
of Friedrich Schneider at Dessau. He was
director of the music school at Leeuwarden
in 1886 ; conducted the Euphouia-Crescen-
do and Tot nut van t'algemeen, and found-
ed the Groote Zang vereeniging ; went to
Ghent iu 1850, and was appointed director
of the Socu'te Royale des Chosurs. Works:
Artevelde, cantata ; Mass, for 4 voices, with
organ and orchestra ; 250 canons ; Choruses
for men's voices ; Compositions for piano-
forte ; Organ preludes ; Chamber music ;
Songs, etc. Gregoir, Biog., 113 ; Fi'tis,
Supplement, ii. 53 ; Mendel, Ergiiuz., 200 ;
Riemann ; Viotta.

KUFFNER, JOHANN JACOB PAUL,
born at Nuremberg in 1713, died at Ratis-
bou, June 12, 1786. Organist and pianist ;



nil



Ki'TFXEl!



at first organist of the Walpurgiskirche in
bis native city, he entered, in 1750, the ser-
vice of the Prince of Thurn und Taxis at
Batisbon. He published sonatas and other
music for pianoforte. His concertos for pi-
anoforte, which were especially esteemed,
remain in MS. Fetis ; Gerber ; Schilling,
iv. 25.

KUFFNER, JOSEPH, born at Wiirzburg,
March 31, 177G, died there Sept, 8, 1856.
Instrumental composer, son and pupil of
Wilhelm Joseph Kuffner ; studied the violin
under Ludwig Schmitt, and composition
under Frohlich. He was attached to the
court orchestra of Wiirzburg in 1797, and
became court musician in 1801. When
Wiirzburg became part of Bavaria, in 1802,
he lost his place, and accepted the office of
a military music director. Then Wiirzburg
being erected into a duchy, lie was cham-
ber musician until 1814, when Bavaria
again took possession and he was pen-
sioned, and thenceforth devoted himself to
composition. Works : Sporn and Schiirpe,
opera, given at Wiirzburg ; Dcr Cornet, do.,
ib. ; 7 symphonies ; 10 overtures ; Military
music ; Quartets for strings ; Flute duets
and trios ; Clarinet duets ; Fantasia for
violin and orchestra ; Music for guitar, and
for wind instruments ; Sonatas and duets
for pianoforte and violin ; etc. Fi'tis ; Men-
del ; Schilling; do., Supplement, I' is.

KITFNEK, WILHELM JOSEPH, born
at Kalmiinz, near Batisbon, in 1738, died
in England in 1798. Pianist, sou and pupil
of Johann Jacob Paul Kiiffuer. He was
chamber musician to Prince von Palm, in
Vienna, 1758 ; then Kapellmeister to the
Prince Bishop of Wiirzburg, but resigned
to visit Paris, in 17SG. In 1793 he went to
London, and became celebrated as a pianist.
His string quartets and sonatas for piano-
forte were published in Paris and London.
Futis ; Gerber ; Mendel ; Schilling.

KUGLER, FRANZ (THEODOR), born
at Stettin, Jan. 19, 1808, died in Berlin,
March 18, 1858. The famous art historian ;
studied music under Karl Loewe. His




music to Lindane was performed with suc-
cess. His Skizzenbuch (Berlin, 1830) is a
collection of poems, musical compositions,
and sketches. Allgem. d. Biogr., xvii. 307 ;
Mendel.

KUHE, WILHELM, born in Prague,
Dec. 10, 1823, still
living, 1889, in Lou-
don. Pianist, pupil
of Tomaschek. He
exhibited a preco-
cious taste for mu-
sic, and at the age
of four picked out
Pagauini's melodies
on the pianoforte
from memory. He
lived in Upper Aus-
tria, in 1843-44,
studying music ; made his first public ap-
pearance at Linz, and then at Salzburg,
Innsbruck, Augsburg, Munich, and Stutt-
gart, with great success. In 1845 he ac-
companied Pischek to England, where he
has since resided, latterly as a teacher and
conductor at Brighton. Among his numer-
, ous salon pieces, Le feu follet, and a few
others, became favourites of the amateur pi-
anist. He has published also many tran-
scriptions, songs, etc. Mendel, Slovnik
nancny (Prague, 1859), iv. 1044 ; Wurzbach.
KUHLAU, FRIEDRICH, born at Uelzen,
Hanover, Sept. 11,
1786, died in Co-
penhagen, March
12, 1832. Dra-
matic composer,
pupil of Schweuke
iii Hamburg ; went
to Copenhagen in
1810 to escape
the French con-
scription, and be-
came violinist in
the royal orchestra and won reputation as a
pianist. His success in raising the standard
of national Danish opera led to his appoint-
ment in 1829 as court composer, with the




i' .



KUIIMSTEDT



title of professor ; lie retired to Lyngby,
where grief over the loss of many valu-
able manuscripts iu a fire, 1830, under-
mined his health, causing a premature
death. Works Operas : KOverborgeu, given
in 1814 ; Trylleharpen, 1S1G ; Elisa, 1819 ;
Lulu, 1824 ; Hugo og Adelheid, 1827 ; Mu-
sic to Heiberg's drama Elverhoi, 1828 ;
Choruses for male voices ; 12 comic canons
for 3 men's voices ; 3 quintets for flute and
strings, op. 51 ; Quartet for flutes, op. 103 ;
Trios for flutes, op. 13, 86 ; Trio for 2 flutes
and pianoforte, op. 119 ; 3 duos for flute
and pianoforte, op. 110 ; Sonatas for do., op.
64, 69, 71, 83, 85 ; Divertissements, varia-
tions, etc., for do. ; Duos for flutes, op. 10,
39, 80, 81, 87, 102 ; Quartets for pianoforte
and strings, op. 32, 50, 108 ; Sonatas for
do., op. 6; 33, 74, 88 ; Concerto for piano-
forte, op. 7 ; Sonatas for do., op. 52, 66,
127, etc. Allgem. d. Biogr., xvii. 320;
Overskou, Den dauske Skueplads, iv.-v. (Co-
penhagen, 1862-64) ; Thraue, Fr. Kuhlau
(Leipsic, 1886).

KUHMSTEDT, FKIEDEICH, born at
Oldisleben, Saxe-Weimar, Dec. 20, 1809,
died at Eisenach, Jan. 10, 1858. Although
destined for the church by his parents, he
left the University of Weimar and went to
Darmstadt, where for three years he was a
pupil of Rinck. He taught music in Wei-
mar, and in 1836 became instructor in the
seminary at Eisenach, and afterwards di-
rector of music and professor. Works : Die
Verkliirung des Herrn, oratorio ; Die Pfade
zur Gottheit, do. ; Die SchlangeukOuigin,
opera ; Mass with orchestra ; Motets, and
other church music ; 2 ballads with chorus
and orchestra ; 3 symphonies ; Overtures ;
Fugues and preludes for the organ ; Concer-
tos, rondos, etc., for pianoforte ; Gradus ad
Parnassum ; Theoretisch-practische Har-
monie- uud Ausweichungslehre (1838) ;
Kuust des Vorspiels fur Orgel. Allgem. d.
Biogr., xvii. 332 ; Mendel ; Futis ; Schilling ;
Supplement, 253.

KUHN, JOSEPH KAEL, born at Elbing,
Prussia, April 20, 1803, still living, 1889 (?).



Instrumental and vocal composer, pupil of
Urban. He travelled as pianist through
Germany in 1825, taught music in Breslau
three years, and, after living a while at Neisse,
founded at Liegnitz a public singing school.
Works : 3 operas ; Te Deurn, with orches-
tra, and other church music ; 2 symphonies,
several overtures, and fantasias for orches-
tra ; Concertos, caprices, etc., for oboe, and
for bassoon ; Quartets, sonatas, rondos, for
pianoforte; Songs, etc. Fetis ; Mendel.

KUHNAU, JOHANN, born at Geysing,
Saxony, in April, 1667, died in Leipsic,
June 25, 1722. Organist and harpsichord
player, one of the greatest musicians and
most learned men of his time ; pupil at the
Kreuzschule, Dresden, of Alexander Hering
and of Viucenzo Albrici, under whom he
also studied Italian. He then studied un-
der Musikdirektor Edelmaun at the Gym-
nasium of Zittau, where the composition of
a motet for the election of the town coun-
cil procured him the position of cantor. In
1682 he went to Leipsic to study at the
university, and in 1684 succeeded Kiihnel
as organist at the Thomaskirche. At this
time he took up the study of law, of mathe-
matics, of philology, and other studies, and
afterwards practised law. In 1700 he was
elected Musikdirektor of the university and
of two of the principal churches, and Cantor
of the Thomasschule in 1701, when he gave
up his law practice, and devoted himself
entirely to music. He was distinguished
as a translator from the Greek, Hebrew,
Latin, Italian, and French, and as a satiri-
cal writer. As a composer for the piano-
forte he ranks very high, and was the first
to give the sonata its name and form in
several movements ; his fugues continued
as models even after Bach had given this
form its highest perfection. Bach was his
successor at the Thomasschule. Works :
Neue Clavier-Uebung, 2 collections of 7
suites each (Leipsic, 1689, 1695) ; Frische
Clavierfriichte oder sieben Suonaten von
guter Invention (1696) ; Musikalische Vor-
stellung eiuiger biblischer Historien iu



403



KtfUNAT



sechs Sonaten (1700). His writings com-
prise : Jura circa rnusicos ecclesiasticos
(Leipsic, 1688) ; Der musikalisclie Quack-
salber, a satirical romance directed against
Italian music then in favour at the court of
Saxony (Dresden, 1700). Other works in
MS. : Tractatus de monochordo ; Introductio
ad compositionem musicalem ; Disputatio
de Triade harmonica. Allgem. d. Biogr.,
xvii. 313 ; Fetis ; Gerber ; Mattheson, Eh-
renpforte, 153 ; Spitta, Bach, i. 232 ; ii. 26,
162.

KUHNAU, JOHANN CHEISTOPH, born
at Volkstadt, near Eisleben, Feb. 10, 17:i.">,
died in Berlin, Oct. 13, 1805. Vocal com-
poser, studied music at Magdeburg, became
professor in the normal school, Berlin, where
he founded a singing school, which was
considered one of the best in Germany.
When thirty years old he studied the harp-
sichord and composition under Kimberger.
He was appointed Musikdirektor and Can-
tor of Trinity Church in 1788. He com-
posed cantatas, chorals, preludes for organ,
and published a collection of choraK Eor
four voices, entitled : Vierstimmige alteund
neue Choralgesiinge, mit Provincial- Abwci-
chungeu (Berlin, 1786-90). This, which
was considered his best work, went through
many editions. Allgem. d. Biogr., xvii. 346 ;
Fetis ; Gerber ; Mendel ; Schilling.

Kl'HNE, JEliKMIAS NICOLAUS, born
at Erfurt, May 1, 1*07, still living, 1889 (?).
Organist, first instructed by his father on
the flute and violin, then pupil of Gebhardi
on the pianoforte, and, at the teachers' sem-
inary, of M. (1. Fischer ; became organist
of St. Andrew's Church, and in 1827 in-
structor at the Predigerschule ; went as
Cantor and organist to Gebeseu in 1828,
and was finally Musikdirektor at Corbach,
"Waldeck. He published church music, or-
gan, pianoforte, and violin pieces, dances,
songs, and choruses. Mendel ; Fetis.

KUHNEL, AUGUST, born in Delmen-
horst, Aug. 3, 1645, died about 1700. Vir-
tuoso on the viol da garuba, pupil of Stef-
fani. He was Kapellmeister in Cassel in



1695-1700. His compositions, which were
left to the Museum of Cassel, consist of so-
natas or divertissements for one or two viole
da gamba with basso continue (Cassel, 1698).
Gerber ; Schilling ; Fetis.

KUHNER, JOHANN WILHELM, born
in Stuttgart, Nov. 17, 1812, still living, 1889.
Flutist, pupil of his uncle Beck, who was
Kapellmeister of a regiment. At the age
of fourteen he was flutist in the brigade
music corps ; during a furlough was a pu-
pil of Liudpaintner, and of Seyfried in Vi-
enna, and soon after his return to his regi-
ment was appointed leader of the first
infantry brigade baud, Stuttgart. Few of
his compositions, which consist of arrange-
ments for military baud, symphonies,
dances, etc., and the ballet, Majah, were
published. Mendel.

KUL See Oui.

KULENKAMP, GEORG KARL, born at
Witzenhausen, Hesse-Cassel, May 19, 17!i!i,
died ('?). Pianist, mostly self-taught, but
studied composition under Grossheim in
Cassel. He taught music in Gottiugeu
while attending the lectures at the univer-
sity for five years, and became so well
known as a teacher that he remained there
in that capacity. He composed overtures,
quintets, etc., pianoforte music, hymns, and
songs. Mendel ; Schilling ; Fetis.

KULLAK, ADOLPH, born at Meseritz,
Posen, Feb. 23, 1823, died in Berlin, Dec.
25, 18G2. Pianist and didactic writer,
brother of Theodor Kullak, pupil of Agthe
and Marx while studying in the University
of Berlin ; after taking the degree of Doc-
tor of Philosophy he devoted himself to
seienlilic and fcsthetic studies. He after-
wards taught music at his brother's acad-
emy. He composed pianoforte music,
mostly salon pieces, and songs. He pub-
lished Das Musikalisch-Schoue (1858), and
Aesthetik des Klavierspiels (1861, 1876).
Mendel ; Fetis.

KULLAK, FRANZ, born in- Berlin in
1842, still living, 1889. Pianist, son and
pupil of Theodor Kullak, and pupil of



ii i



KULLAK




Wieprecbt in 1858-59 in instrumentation ;
for a short time also pupil of Liszt at Wei-
mar. In 18G7 he became professor of pi-
anoforte and director of the orchestra class
in the Academy, established by his father.
He composed songs, pianoforte music, and
an opera, Ines de Castro. Mendel ; Fotis,
Supplement, ii. 53.

KULLAK, THEODOR, born at Kroto-
schiu, Posen, Sept.
12, 1818, died in
Berlin, March 1,
1882. Pianist, pupil
of Albert Agthe,
Dehn, and in Vienna
(1842) of Sechter,
Nicolai, and Czeruy.
After a successful
concert tour through
Austria he became
musical instructor, in
Berlin, to the princes and princesses of the
royal family, and in 184(5 waa appointed
court composer to the King of Prussia.
He founded with Stern and Marx a Con-
servatorium in 1850, and, retiring from the
management in 1855, established the Neue
Akademie tier Tonkunst, which in 1880 had
a hundred teachers and more than a thou-
sand pupils. He was not only an excellent
pianist, but a teacher of the first rank.
Works : Concerto for pianoforte and or-
chestra, op. 55 ; Trio for pianoforte and
strings, op. 77 ; 3 duos for pianoforte and
violin, op. 57 (with Richard Wiierst) ; An-
dante, with violin or clarinet ; Symphonie
de piano, op. 27 ; Sonata, op. 7 ; Many salon
pieces, paraphrases, fantasias, etc. ; Schule
des Oktavenspiels, op. 48 ; Songs, op. 1 and
10. Allgem. d. Biogr., xvii. 361 ; Mendel ;
Eiemanu, 492 ; Futis, Supplement, ii. 53.

KUMMER, FRIEDRICH AUGUST, born
in Meiumgen, Aug. 5, 1797, died in Dres-
den, May 22, 1879. Violoncellist, pupil of
Dotzauer in Dresden ; learned also the
oboe, and was made a member of the court
orchestra in 1814, but returned to his first
instrument in 1817. He made professional




tours in Germany and It.ily, and having
celebrated, iu 18G4, the fiftieth anniversary
of his appointment in
the Dresden orches-
tra, he retired on a
pension. Among his
pupils were Coss-
mann in Wiesbaden,
Hausmann in Lon-
don, and Goltermanu
in Stuttgart. Works :
Concertos for vio-
loncello, op. 18 ; Concertino for do., with
orchestra or quartet, op. 1C; Divertisse-
ments, fantasias, and variations for violon-
cello ; Concert pieces for oboe, clarinet,
horn, trumpet, etc. ; About 200 entr'actes
for the Dresden Theatre. Allgem. d.
Biogr., xvii. 3C9 ; Fetis ; Mendel.

KUMMER, GOTTHELF HEINRICH,
born at Neustadt, near Dresden, Jan. 23,
1774, died in Dresden, Jan 28, 1857. Bas-
soon player, sou and pupil of Gottfried
Kummer (1730-1812). He was first bas-
soon player in the Elector's Grenadier
Guard ; travelled in 1798, playing with
great success in Stockholm and Copenha-
gen. In 1809 he became bassoonist in the
Electoral Chapel of Saxony, and retired in
1842. Works : 7 concertos for bassoon and
orchestra ; Airs varies for do. ; Trios and



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