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did great service as director of the opera, the
sacred music of the court, and the concerts
of the Musical Academy, and in 1852 was
appointed music director-general. The in-
creasing devotion of the public to Wagner's
music made his position in Munich uncom-
fortable, so that he was moved in 1865 to
ask for his retirement, which was granted
in 1S68. The Munich University conferred
a doctor's degree upon him in ls"i>. In
Southern Germany he is regarded as a
classic writer. His suites are masterpieces.
His style is natural, without an abnormal
striving after originality, and with a thor-
ough command of harmony and counter-
point. Works Operas : Die Biirgschaft,
given at IVstli. is-js, Munich, 1834; Alidia,
Munich, ls:!!l : Czarina Coruaro, ib., 1841 ;
Beuvenuto Cellini, ib., 1S4!) ; Music to the
drama Lauassa, Vienna, 1832. Oratorios :
Moses; Die vier Mensehenalter ; Requiem,
o]x 146 ; 2 Stabat Mater, op. 154, 168 ;
Solemn mass, op. 52 ; Other masses ; Psalms
and motets; Fugues, sonatas, and other
pieces for organ ; Suites for orchestra, op.
113, 115, 122, 129, 135, 150, 170; Sinfonia
appassionata, op. 52 ; 7 other symphonies ;
Concert overtures ; Festival march for brass
instruments ; Nonet for wind instruments ; ]
Sextets, quintets, quartets, trios, and sona-
tas for pianoforte and strings ; 5 quartets
for strings ; Elegy for five violoncellos ;
Serenade for four do.; 2 concertos for harp ;

Choruses ; Quartets for male voices ; Trios
for female voices ; Many pieces for the pi-

anoforte, and songs. Fetis ; do., Supple-
ment, ii. 57 ; Mendel ; Wur/.bach ; Ttiemann ;
Schilling ; Schumann, Ges. Schrifteu, i. 93,
131, 263 ; ii. 107 ; Ambros, Bunte Blatter,
ii. 115 ; Hanslick, Coucertwesen in Wien, i.
363 ; ii. 292, 315, 422.

LACHNER, IGNAZ, born at Rain, Ba-
varia, Sept. 11, 1807, still living, 1889.
Brother of Franz and Viuceuz Lachner.
Pupil of his father, then at Augsburg of
Xeugebauer on the violin, of Keller on the
pianoforte, and of Witschka in composi-
tion. Summoned by his brother Franz to
Munich to join the orchestra of the Isar-
thor Theater, IK; followed him to Vienna in
IS'JI, became a member of the Kiiruthuer-
thor Theater orchestra and organist of the
Evangelical Church, and in 1825 Vice-Ka-
pellmeister at the Opera. Went to Stutt-
gart as court music director in 1831, and to
Munich in 1842 as second Kapellmeister
under Ms brother Franz. In 1853 he was ap-
pointed Kapellmeister of the theatre in Ham-
burg, in 1858 court Kapellmaistare at Stock-
holm, and in 1861 Kapellmeister at Frank-
fort, where he still lives, retired since 1875.
Works Operas : Der Geisterthurm, Stutt-
gart, 1837 ; Die Regenbrttder, ib., 1839 ;
Loreley, Munich, 1846. Ballets, melodra-
mas, and entr'actes ; Masses ; String quar-
tets ; Trios ; Symphonies ; Concert pieces
for different instruments ; Pianoforte sona-
tas, mid many songs. Mendel ; Riemann ;
Fetis ; do., Supplement, ii. 57 ; Schilling,
Supplement, 261.

LACHNER, VINCENZ, born at Rain,
Bavaria, July 19, 1811, still living, 1889.
Brother of Franz and Ignaz Lachner, pupil
of his father on the pianoforte, organ, and
violin ; for several years private tutor at
Posen, he went to Vienna, studied under
his brothers, and in 1831 succeeded Igiiaz



as organist of the Evangelical Church. He
took the place of Franz as court Kapell-
meister at Mannheim in 183G, and remained
there until pensioned in 1873 ; but in 18-42
he conducted the German opera in London,
and in 1848 the Stadttheater at Frankfort.
Works : Symphonies ; Overtures, including
a prize Festouvertiire ; Music to Schiller's
Turaudot, and to Demetrius ; String quar-
tets ; Quartet for pianoforte and strings ;
Many songs and choruses. Mendel ; Kie-
mauu ; Schilling, Supplement, 2C1 ; Fotis ;
do., Supplement, ii. 57.

in Prague, July 7, 1746, died iu Paris, Oct.
3, 1820. Virtuoso on the horn, first in-
structed in Prague, by his father and other
teachers, on the violin, pianoforte, and horn.
Having been for several years in the service
of the Duke of Zweibriicken, he went to
Paris in 1773, studied the horn under Ko-
dolphe, and appeared with great success in
the Concerts Spirituels. Compelled by ill-
health to give up his instrument, he stud-
ied composition under Philidor in 1770, and
gave pianoforte lessons. He adapted many
operas, one of which Fetis called " a mon-
strous compilation/' and sometimes he even
combined the music of several celebrated
composers into one piece. Works Ope-
ras : L'heureux divorce, on la re-conciliation,
given in Paris, Comedie Italienne, 1785;|
L'antiquaire, Theatre de Monsieur, 178!) ;
Eugenie et Liuval, ou le mauvais fils, Thea-
tre Montansier, 1708 ; Les fetes lacedemo-
niennes ; Adaptation of Die Zaubertiiite.
called Les mystores dTsis ; Saul, and La
prise de Jericho, arrangements made to-
gether with the elder Kalkbrenner ; About
18 symphonies ; Quartets and trios for
strings ; Concertos for horn ; Sonatas for
pianoforte and violin. He published also a
pianoforte method (with Adam). Fetis ;
Mendel ; Wurzbach.


born at Bourges, Nov. 20, 1818, died at

Saint-Vaast-de-la-Hogue, Sept. 30, 1884.
Pianist, pupil at the Conservatoire, Paris, of
Zimmerman in 1829, and obtained first prize
in 1831. With his sister, Felicie Lacombe,
and accompanied by his parents, he began
in 1832 a concert tour through France and
Germany, and on arriving in Vienna studied
the pianoforte under Czerny and Fischoff,
and theory under Sechter and Seyfried.
He travelled through Germany again in
1840, and after studying harmony in Paris
under Barbereau devoted himself to com-
position. He is of the school of Berlioz
and David, and aims to produce peculiar
effects by calling into action great instru-
mental and vocal masses. Works Operas :
Madoue, given in Paris, Theatre Lyrique,
1861 ; L'amour, melodrama, Theatre Saint-
Marcel, 1859. Dramatic symphonies : Man-
fred, 1847 ; Arva, 1850. A lyric epos ; Sa-
pho, prize cantata for the Exposition of
1878 ; Quintet for pianoforte and strings ;
2 trios for strings ; Sonatas and other pieces
for pianoforte and violin ; Pianoforte pieces,
and many songs. Fetis ; do., Supplement,
ii. 57 ; Riemann ; Mendel ; Schilling ; Schu-
mann, Ges. Schriften, ii. 132, 151.

LACOMBE, PAUL, born at Carcassonne
in 1837, still living, 1889. Pupil of Teys-
seyre ; visited Paris and other cities to ex-
tend his musical knowledge, and has made
a name for himself especially through his
chamber music. W T orks : Symphonic over-
ture ; Pastorale for orchestra ; Sonatas for
pianoforte and violin ; Trio for pianoforte
and strings. Pianoforte pieces and songs.
Fetis, Supplement, ii. 58 ; Mendel.

JACQUES), born at Houga (Gers), March
4, 1838, still living, 1889. Dramatic com-
poser, studied music at home, and, after
obtaining a good education, became a pupil
of Don Jose Puig y Absubide. Later he
went to Paris, where one of his operettas
was awarded the first prize. He is also a
reporter for musical papers. Works Ope-
ras : Amphitryon, 1874 ; Jeanne, Jeanuette et
Jeanneton, 1876 ; La dot nial placc-e. Ope-


rettas : Le dernier des paladins ; L'epicicr
l>ar amour, 1870 ; J' veux mou peignoir ;
En Espagne, 1872 ; Le mouton enrage, say-
nete, 1873 ; La gardeuse d'oies, Paris, Oct.
26, 1888 ; others, not performed ; Trio for
pianoforte and strings ; Dances and other
pieces for pianoforte ; Songs ; Pieces for
cornet and saxophone ; Douze psaumes des
Ivriques fraucais ; The collections, Le bou
vieux temps, Echos d'Espague, and Le tour
du monde. Fetis, Supplement, ii. 58 ; Men-
del, Erganz., 202.

LACOSTE, , French dramatic com-
poser of the 18th century, died after 1757.
He was chorist at the Opera in Paris
in 1693-1708. Works Operas, given in
Paris and Versailles : Aricie, 1697 ; Philo-
mele, 1705 ; Rhadamante, 1707 ; Creuse,
1712 ; Telegoue, 1725 ; Orion, 1728 ; Bi-
blis, 1732 ; Pomone. Collection of Canta-
tas. Fetis ; Mendel.

LACKI.MAS. two scenes for solo voice
with pianoforte accompaniment, by Schu-
bert, op. 124, from " Lacrimas," drama by
\Villielm von Si-lmtz, composed in Septem-
ber, 1825. Scene I. Delphiue ; Scene EL
Florio, Nun, da SchaHen uiedergleiteu.
Published by lYnauer and Schrciber (Vien-
n.-i. ivj'.l), and byLitolff and Seuff (Leipsic).

LACR01X, A'NTOINE, born at Rember-
ville, near Nancy, in 1756, died at Ltibeck
in 1812. Violinist, pupil of Autoiue Lo-
renziti ; appeared in Paris in concert about
1780, left France on account of the Revolu-
tion, and lived some years in Bremen ; in
IT'.K! he made a concert tour through Ger-
many and Denmark, and in 1800 was ap-
pointed music director at Liibeck, where he
established a music trade in 1803. Works :
Quartets and duets for strings ; Sonatas and
variations for violin and pianoforte. Men-
del ; Fetis ; Schilling ; Gerber ; Wasielew-
ski, Die Violiue, 258.

Bilbao, Spain, July 19, 1795, died in Lon-
don, Sept. 20, 1867. Violinist, son of an
English merchant ; educated in Bordeaux
and Paris, and studied the violin under Ro-

dolphe Kreutzer. In 1805 he played be-
fore Napoleon at the Tuileries, and then
went to London, where he became a pupil
of Viotti and played in concerts with great
success. He was called at first the Young
Spaniard, his real name being announced
later. A few years afterwards, he went
upon the stage, and acted in Dublin, Edin-
burgh, and Glasgow in genteel comedy ;
but in 1818 resumed his instrument, and
was made director of concerts at Liverpool,
whither he returned in 1824, having served
in London in 1820 as ballet composer for
the Italian opera. Works : Quintet for pi-
anoforte and strings ; Fantasias, rondos,
etc., for pianoforte ; Songs. He adapted
M ry skilfully to the English stage both
words and music of several popular operas,
by Rossini, Meyerbeer, Weber, etc. Futis;
do., Supplement, ii. 59 ; Grove ; Mendel ;
do., Erganz., 209.

LA DONNA E MOBILE. See Rigol-tl,,.

XAVER, born at Aldeiu, Tyrol, Aug. 1, 1766,
died at Villain, in the Commune of Massy
(Seine-et-Oise), March 4, 183!). Pianist,
pupil of his father, an organist, whose po-
sition he supplied before going to Munich
in 1784 to complete his studies. In 1788
he settled in Paris, and taught with suc-
cess, and later was appointed professor at
the Conservatoire, where Auber and Boely
were among his pupils. In 1836 he retired
to a villa at Massy. Works Operas : Weu-
zel, on le magistral du peuple, given in
Paris, Theatre Montansier, 1794; Les vieux
fous, Theatre Feydeau, 1796 ; 9 sonatas for
pianoforte and violin ; 12 sonatas, variations,
and numerous other pieces for pianoforte.
Fetis ; Mendel ; Riemann ; Schilling.

LADY OF THE LAKE, THE, cantata in
two parts, text by Natalia Macfarreu, from
Walter Scott's poem, music by George Alex-
ander Macfarren, first performed at the in-
auguration of the New Town Hall, Glasgow,
Nov. 15, 1877. It was given at the Crystal
Palace, London, March 16, 1878. Athe-
iiajurn (1877), ii. 673 ; (1878), i. 388.



LENOffi DE, born iu Paris, March 28,
1801, died at Charentou, March 8, 18G2.
Church composer aud writer oil music,
pupil of Perne aud Choron, and then
teacher of singing. In 1828 he went, with
a government stipend, to Koine, where he
studied under Baiui ; in 1829 he was made
maitre de chapelle of Saint-Etienne-du-Mont
in Paris, aud in 1833-30, and again in 1848,
went to Italy, visiting also Germany, Spain,
and England. He died in an insane asylum.
Works : I creditor!, farce, given in Flor-
ence ; Masses, motets, psalms, aud other
church music ; Duos, fantasias, etc., for
flute. He was author also of Manuel com-
plet de musique (Paris, 1836-38), begun by
Choron ; Semeiologie musicals (ib., 1837) ;
Histoire ge'nerale de la musique et de la
dause (ib., 1844, 2 vols.) ; Miscellanies mu-
sicales, containing biographical material
about Haydn, Tritto, Bellini, and others
(ib., 1844) ; Biographical notices of Mattei
(1839), Zingarelli, Choron (1844), Bocquil-
lou-Wilhem, Baini (1844), Donizetti, etc.
Fetis ; do., Supplement, ii. 59 ; Mendel ;

LAFAGE (La Faghe, La Fague, La
Farge), PIERRE DE, French composer of
the latter half of the fifteenth century.
Works : Motet in Petrucci's Motetti della
Corona (1519) ; 2 motets in Pierre Attai-
giiant's collection (1534) ; Other composi-
tions in various collections mentioned by
Fetis. Fetis.

in Paris, Dec. 1, 1781, died between Ba-
gneres-de-Bigorre and Tarbes, Aug. 14, 1839.
Virtuoso on the violin, nephew and pupil of
Bertheaume, with whom he travelled in
Germany in 1792 ; then studied the violin
in Paris under Kreutzer and harmony under
Navoigille and Berton. His voice having
been much praised by Garat, he became his
pupil in singing, aud appeared in concerts
at the Theatre Feydeau ; but soon returned
to the violin, and studied under Rode. He
made concert tours in Belgium, Holland,

Germany, Italy, England, and Northern
Europe. In 1808 he succeeded Rode as
solo violin to the Emperor of Russia ; had
a public contest iu Milan with Pagauini in
1812 ; and on returning to Paris in 1815
became first violin to Louis XVIII. In
1831 he travelled in Germany with Henri
Herz, aud while on another tour with him
was killed in au accident to the mail-coach.
He was a brilliant player, but his compo-
sitions are not very valuable, musically.
Works : La rivalite villageoise, comic opera,
given in Paris, 1803 ; Another small opera,
given at the imperial theatre of the Hermit-
age, St. Petersburg ; 7 concertos for violin
and orchestra ; Fantasias, variations, rondos,
and other pieces for violin ; About 20 dueta
for violin aud pianoforte (with Herz, Kalk-
brenner, and others) ; About 200 songs.
Fetis ; do., Supplement, ii. CO ; Mendel ;
do., Erganz., 203 ; Schilling, Supplement,
264 ; Wasielewski, Die Violine, 369 ; Du-
bourg, The Violin, 203 ; Hart, The Violin,
311 ; Phipson, Celebrated Violinists, 98.

See Les deux avares.

FlOssberg, Saxony, Dec. 13, 1777, died at
Gera, June 5, 1843. Pupil of his father, a
village musician, on the pianoforte and vio-
lin ; later, at Alteuburg, of the cantor Krebs
in composition. He was appointed Cantor
at Weyda in 1800, at Eiseuberg in 1812, and
Musikdirektor at Gera in 1815. Works :
Several oratorios ; Cantatas for church
festivals ; Sonatas for the pianoforte ;
Songs. Fetis ; Mendel ; Schilling.

DE, born (Jaquet)in Paris, 1G69, died there,
June 27, 1729. Pianist, in great favour at
the court of Louis XIV. for her talent as
an improviser. Works : Cephale et Procris,
opera, given in Paris, 1694 ; Te Deum, for
grand chorus, performed in 1721 in the
Chapelle du Louvre for the celebration of the
king's recovery ; 2 collections of cantatas ;
2 collections of sonatas and other pieces for
pianoforte. Fetis ; Mendel.



LAHEE, HENRY, born at Chelsea, Eng-
land, April 11, 1826, still living, 1889. Or
ganist, pupil of Goss
in composition and of
Cipriani Potter and
Sterndale Bennett on
the pianoforte. He
was organist of Holy
Trinity Church,
Brompton, in 1847-
74. Works Canta-
tas : Building of the

Ship, 18G9 ; The Blessing of the Children,
1870; The Sleeping Beauty, for female
voices. Anthems, concerted vocal music,
songs, and pianoforte pieces. Many of his
madrigals have been awarded prizes.

LAHOUSSAYE, PIERRE, born in Paris,
April 12, 1735, died there in 1818. Violin-
ist, first self-taught, then pupil of Pifi'e!, and
Pa'.'in ; afterwards at Padua of Tartini and
at Parma of Traetta in composition. In
1772 he went with Guglielmi to London,
where he conducted the orchestra of the
Italian Opera for three years, then returned
to Paris, and in 177!) assumed the direction
of the Concert Spirituel and in 17Slthat
of the Comedie Italienne. In 1790-1800
lie was chef d'orchestre of the Theatre de
Monsieur, conjointly with Puppo, but lost
his place when that theatre was consolidated
with the Theatre Favart, In 1802, on the
reorganization of the Conservatoire, he lost
his appointment as professor of violin and
became second violinist at the Opera, bat
becoming deaf in 1813, passed his last years
in poverty. Works : Collection of sonatas
for violin (Paris) ; 12 church concertos, 7
collections of sonatas, and 3 of duos for the
violin. Fctis ; Mendel.

VISAGE. See Famt, Gounod.

DUFAURE) DE, born at Bordeaux, July
10, 1820, still living, 1889. Dramatic
composer and writer on music, pupil of
Graft' on the pianoforte and violin, and at

the Conservatoire, Paris, of Leborne in
composition and counterpoint. Works
Operas : Le secret de 1'oncle Vincent, given
in Paris, Opera Comique, 1855 ; Le duel du
conmmiideiir, ib., 1857 ; Mam'zelle Pene-
lope, ib., 1859 ; Le neveu de Gulliver, ib.,
iMil ; La farce de inaistre Villon, Theatre
de 1'Athenee, 1872 ; Pierrot tenor, at En-
ghien, by the company of the Opera Co-
mique, 1876 ; On guerit de la peur, opera
de salon ; Le portrait d'un grand homnie,
Opera Comique, in two acts, Paris, June 18,
1883 ; Le roi de Carreau, operette in three
acts, Paris, Oct. 27, 1883. Military mu-
sic ; Grande messe militaire ; L'Orpheon de
1'arnu'e ; 6 choruses with accompaniment ;
2") marches and pas redoubles ; Marche
triomphale, and other military music. Fe-
tis, Supplement, ii. C4.

LAKMK, opcra-comique in two acts, text
by Goudiuet and Philippe Gille, adapted

L'Allemand as Lakm.

from the romance " Le mariage de Loti,"
music by Leo Delibes, first represented at



the Opera Comique, Paris, April 14, 1883.
Scene in India. Characters represented :
Lakine, daughter of Nilakautha ; Nilakan-
tha, a Brahmin priest ; Gerald, an English
officer, lover of Lakme ; Frederick, a brother
officer ; Mallika, slave of Lakme ; Hadji,
do.; Ellen, Eose, and Mrs. Benson, English
women. Gerald makes love to Lakine, is
stabbed by the fanatical father, is borne by
Lakme and Hadji to a concealed hut in the
forest, where he recovers, and is found by
Frederick, who informs him that he must
rejoin his regiment. He is freed from
his dilemma in the struggle between love
and duty by Lakme, who eats of a poi-
sonous flower and, to the relief of her
parent, goes to Brahma. The title-role
was sung in Paris by Marie Van Zandt.
The opera was given in New York by the
American Opera Company, March 1, 188C,
with Pauline L'Allemand as Lakme. The
score is published by Heugel (Paris). Mus.
Wochenblatt (1884), G32 ; Krehbiel, Review
(1885-86), 153.

born in Paris, Dec.
15, 1G57, died
there, June 18,
1726. Organist
and church com-
poser, pupil of
Chaperon on the
pianoforte, violin,
and in composi-
tion. About 1675
he was appointed organist to four churches
in Paris and music-master to the royal
princesses, daughters of Louis XIV., and in
1683 was made chef de musique in the
Royal Chapel. He was a great favourite
with the king, who bought from his widow
his church compositions, left in manuscript,
for 40,000 livres. Works: Ballet de la
Jeunesse, divertissement, Versailles, 1686 ;
L'amour flVchi par la Constance, pastorale,
Foutaiuebleau, 1697 ; Les folies de Carde-
nio, ballet, Tuileries, 1720 ; Les elements,
ballet (with Destouches) ; Music to Moli-

ere's Melicerte ; Or nous dites, a Christmas-
song ; 60 motets for chorus and orchestra.
Clement, Mus. celebres, 41 ; Fetis ; do.,
Supplement, ii. 66 ; Mendel ; Schilling.

LALLA ROUKH, opera in two acts, text
by Hippolyte Lucas and Michel Carre, from
Thomas Moore's poem "Lalla Rookh," mu-
sic by Felicien David, first represented at
the Opera Comique, Paris, May 12, 1862 ;
revived in November, 1876. It is one of
David's best operas. Published by Schott
(Mainz, 1863). Clement et Larousse, 393.

LALO, EDOUABD, born about 1831,
still living, 1889. Vi-
olinist, pupil at the
Conservatoire, Lille, of
Bauniaun. He went
to Paris about 1858,
played there in cham-
ber concerts, and de-
voted himself mostly
to the composition of
orchestral works.

Works : Fiesque, opera, accepted in Paris
and Brussels, but never performed ; Le Roi
d'Ys, opera, Paris, May 7, 1888 ; Rhapsodie
norvegienue, for orchestra ; Divertissement
for do. ; Allegro symphonique, for do. ; 2 vio-
lin concertos ; String quartet in E-flat, op.
19 ; Symphonic espagnole, for violin and or-
chestra, op. 21 ; 2 trios ; Sonatas and other
pieces for pianoforte and strings ; Concerto
for violoncello ; Songs. Fetis, Supplement,
ii. 66 ; Riemann.

COIS, born in Paris
in 1651, died at Ver-
sailles, Sept. 1, 1728.
Violinist, pupil at
the Maitrise Saint-
Eustache of Guy-
Leclerc, and later
of Lulli in composi-
tion. He was first
violin, then chef
d'orchestre at the

Opera until 1684. From 1693 he was mai-
tre de chapelle of the metropolitan church



at Kouen, and in 1695 at the Church of
Notre Dame, at Versailles. Works : Several
ballets and intermezzos, which remain in
manuscript ; Motets and a Miserere. Fetis.

LA LUNA IMMOBILE. See Mefislofele.

DE, born in Paris, May 1, 1772, died at
Caen, March 27, 1823. Violoncellist, mu-
sic page to the king, and pupil of Dupont ;
member in 1794-1800 of the orchestra at
the Theatre Feydeau ; was professor of vio-
loncello at the Conservatoire, but resigned
in 1801 to make a concert tour in Germany
and Russia, where he remained until 1809,
when he returned to Paris. Works : Un-
der his name have appeared concertos,
duets, and variations for violoncello, but
they are said to have been written by Au-
ber, who was then unwilling to be knowu
as a composer. Fi-tis ; Mendel ; Schilling.

at Beverley, York, England, Nov. 16, 1794,
died there, Jan. 24, 1880. Organist, pupil
of his father, afterwards in London of Lyon
and Dr. Crotch. He succeeded his father
as organist at the principal church of Bev-
erley. Works : Septet and 3 trios for pi-
anoforte and strings ; Sonatas for piano-
forte. Fetis.

LAMBERT, MICHEL, bora at Vivonue
(Poitou) in 1610, died in Paris in 1696.
Virtuoso on the lute and theorbo ; went to
Paris when very young and became music
page to Gaston d'Ork'ans, brother of Louis
XTTL; received lessons from de Niel, or de
Niert, and was very celebrated as a singing
master. He was appointed, about 1 ;."><.
master of chamber music to Louis XIV.
Works : Airs et brunettes (1666 ; 2d ed.,
1689); Airs et dialogues (1698). Fetis ;
Mendel ; Riemann.

LAMBERTI, LUIGI, born at Savona,
Italy, Oct. 22, 1769, died (?). Dramatic
composer, pupil of Mariani, whom he suc-
ceeded as choirmaster at the cathedral of
his native town. In 1806 he went to Paris,
where he still lived in 1812. Works Ope-
ras : I due fratelli origiuali, given in Na-

ples about 1790 ; L' amante scheruito,
Orfeo, Italy, about the end of the 18th
century ; Masses and other church music ;
Symphonies ; Concertos, quintets, quartets,
and trios for strings ; Sonatas for piano-
forte. Fetis ; Mendel.

Hardway, near Gosport, Hants, England,
Jan. 16/1822, still living, 1889. Organist,
pupil of Thomas Adams. He went in 1853
to Glasgow, where he was conductor of the
Glasgow Choral Union in 1859-80 ; organ-
ist and conductor at the Park Church ; or-
ganist to Corporation of Glasgow ; and con-
ductor of various choirs. Works : Bow
down Thine ear, cantata ; By the Waters of
Babylon, do.; The Scottish Book of Praise,
edited with D. Baptie (1876) ; Arrange-
ments of Scotch songs for choral purposes ;
Songs, part-songs, pianoforte pieces, ar-
rangements, etc.

Charleroi, Hainaut, March 27, 1797, died
at Vaugirard, France, Feb. 27, 1855. Or-
ganist and church composer, and didactic
writer ; at an early age he became organist
in his native town, then at Diuant-sur-la-
Meuse, and in 1822 maitre de chapelle in
the Jesuits' College at Saint-Acheul. In
1825 he joined the Order of Jesus, and,
after having been ordained priest, lived al-
ternately in the convents at Saint-Acheul,
Freiburg in Switzerland, Aix, Savoy, Bruge-
lette, Brieg, and Vaugirard. Works : 4
masses with organ and orchestra ; Motets,
hymns, canticles, and other church music ;

Online LibraryJohn Denison ChamplinCyclopedia of music and musicians (Volume 2) → online text (page 64 of 93)