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gloire. Later he succeeded his teacher
Noblet as organist in the Churches des
Mathurins and of the College de Navarre.
Works : 3 operas-comiques, given in sev-
eral theatres in Paris, 1789 ; Messe solen-
nelle with orchestra, performed in Saint-
Gervais, 1804 ; 2 masses ; Te Deum ; Suite
de Noels varies ; Hymnes de 1'office de la
F<He-Dieu, for organ ; 3 quartets for piano-

forte and strings ; 2 collections of sonatas
for pianoforte ; Method for the organ. Fe-
tis ; Mendel ; Schilling.

LASCIA CH' IO PIANGA, soprano aria
of Almirena, in F major, with accompani-
ment of 2 oboes, strings complete, and con-
tinue, in Handel's Radamisto, Act IE., Scene
4. Meyerbeer's additional accompaniments
to this air introduce some ungrammatical
harmony, quite unauthorized by the orig-
inal score.

LASSEN, EDUARD, born in Copen-
hagen, April 13,
1830, still living,
1889. Dramatic
composer ; entered
the Brussels Con-
servatoire in 1842,
received first prize
for pianoforte play-
ing in 1844, for har-
mony in 1847, later
the second composi-
tion prize, and in
1851 the grand government prize. He then
travelled through Germany and Italy, and
spent some time in Rome. In 1858 he wag
appointed court music director in Weimar,
and on the retirement of Liszt, in 1861, suc-
ceeded him as Hof-Kapellmeister. He pro-
duced there Tristan und Isolde in 1874, when
only the Munich Theatre had dared to repre-
sent it. He is an eminent conductor, and to
his efforts is due much of the high position
Weimar holds in the musical world. Works
Operas : Laudgraf Ludwigs Brautfahrt,
given in Weimar, 1857 ; Frauenlob, ib.,
1860 ; Le captif, Brussels, 1865, and in
German at Weimar, 1868 ; Music to Oedi-
pus in Kolonos, Weimar, 1874, to Faust, ib.,
1876, to Hebbel's Nibeluugen, and to a play

by Calderon ; 2 symphonies ; Overtures ;
Te Deum, for chorus and orchestra ; Can-



tatas ; Choruses for male voices, and many
songs. Fetis ; do., Supplement, ii. 78 ;
Mendel ; Riemaun.

Steinkircheu, Nether Austria, Aug. 12,
1751, died at Munich, Oct. 21, 1805. Dra-
matic composer ; studied first in Liuz, then
in Vienna, where he stayed several years,
teaching music. Having become an excel-
lent singer, he devoted himself to the stage
in 1782, acted in different Austrian towns,
and was called to Munich in 1791 as court
singer. "Works Operas : Das wiitheude
Heer, given in Munich about 1792 ; Die
gliickliche Maskerade, ib., 1791 ; Der Ka-
pellmeister, ib., about 1810 ; Die kluge
Wit two, ib.. 1792 ; Die uuruhige Nacht,
ib., 1792 ; Die Modehiindleriu, ib., 1795 ;
Der Jude ; Cora und Alouzo, ib., about
the end of the 18th century ; Die Huldi-
guug der Treue, prelude, ib., 1791. Masses,
and other church music. He was author
also of a vocal method. Fetis ; Mendel ;
Schilling ; Gerber.

born in Munich in 15G2, died there, Aug.
27, 1009. Church composer, son and pu-
pil of Orlando Lasso, and pupil of Tosta,
win nil he succeeded, in 1603, as Ivipell-
meister at the Bavarian court. Works :
Magnificat ; Cantioues sacne suavissimse, a
collection of motets (1587). Futis; Men-
del ; Schilling.

LASSO, FERDINAND DI, the younger,
born in Munich about 1590, died, 1636.
Church composer, son and pupil of Ferdi-
nand the elder. He was sent to Rome, in
1609, by the Elector of Bavaria, to com-
plete his studies, and returned in 1616 to
succeed his father as Kapellmeister, but
was dismissed for unknown reasons, re-
ceiving at the same time a government
appointment. W 7 orks : 2 masses for 10
voices ; do. for 3 choirs ; Stabat Mater for 2
choirs ; Motets, Misereres, Magnificats for
8-16 voices ; 2 Te Deum for 4 choirs ; Lit-
anies ; Psalms, etc. Futis; Mendel; Schil-

LASSO, ORLANDO (real name Roland
Delattre, but variously given as Roland
de Lattre, Orland de
Lassus, Roland Las-
sus, Orlandus Las-
sus, Orlando di Las-
so, etc.), born at
Mous, in the Hai-
uault, in 1520, died
iu Munich, June 15,
1594. He was a choir-
boy at the Church
of Saint-Nicolas at Mons, and is said to
have been kidnapped three times on ac-
count of his beautiful voice. In 1532 he
accompanied Ferdinand de Gouzaga, Vice-
roy of Sicily, to Milan, and thence to Sicily.
In 1538 he went to Naples, where he spent
about three years in the service of the Mar-
chese della Terza. In 1541 he was received
into the household of the Cardinal Arch-
bishop of Florence, then living in Rome ;
he staid six months in the cardinal's palace,
and then was appointed maestro di cappella
at the Basilica of S. Giovanni in Laterano,
although only twenty-one years old. He
held this post until 1548. Returning to
Mons, he found that all his near relatives
were dead, so he set out for England about
1554, in company with an Italian nobleman,
Giulio Cesare Brancaccio, who introduced
him to Cardinal Pole, in whose honour he
wrote some music (Grove, ii. 94) ; then he
probably visited France, but did not get as
far as Paris, and settled before the end of
1554 in Antwerp, where he lived for two
years in the most brilliant and cultivated
society. In 1557 he was invited to Munich
by Albert V. of Bavaria, whose famous
" Kapelle " he entered. In 1558 he mar-
ried Regina Weckinger, maid of honour at
the ducal court. From this union sprang
four sons, Ferdinand, Rudolph, Johannes,
Ernst (of whom the first two became mu-
sicians of some note), and two daughters,
Anna and Regina ; the latter was married
to Johann d'Ach, the distinguished court-
painter of Emperor Rudolph H. In 1562


he was appointed ducal Kapellmeister ; iu
the autumn lie made a brief visit to Venice
to see about having some compositions pub-
lished by Gardano, and went also to Ant-
werp, partly on similar business, but mainly
to engage the best musicians he could find
for the Munich Kapelle. Ou Dec. 7, 1570,
the Emperor Maximilian II. granted him
letters of nobility at the Reichstag at
Speier (a fac-simile copy of the grant is
in Brussels, Bibl. de Bourgogue, 14,405).
Soon afterwards he went to Paris, where
he excited the wildest admiration, and was
loaded with gifts by Charles IX. The le-
gend that he wrote his Penitential Psalms,
his most famous if not his greatest work,
by order of Charles, to help that king to
expiate the Saint Bartholomew massacre
(1572) and bring peace to the royal con-
science, has no foundation. The Psalms
were all written at Munich before 1565. It
is true, however, that Charles IX. engaged
him as rnaitre de chapelle in 1574 ; the ne-
gotiations were all concluded, but the king's
death prevented their going into effect. In
the same year Pope Gregory XTTT made
him a Knight of the Golden Spur. Lasso
spent the rest of his life in Munich, afflu-
ent, esteemed by all, and working as few
men have worked. The number of his com-
positions is estimated at more than two
thousand. As he was untiring also in his
superintendence of the ducal Kapelle, the
strain proved too severe, and shortly before
his death he fell into a piteous condition
of nervous prostration and almost imbe-
cility. Orlando Lasso was the greatest of
all the great composers of Netherlandish
extraction ; together with Giovanni Gabri-
eli and Palestrina, he represents the highest
development of the great epoch of strict
single counterpoint. His portrait, in the
MS. copy of the Penitential Psalms in the
Munich Royal State Library, is reproduced
in Grove's Dictionary.

Published works. I. Masses : Missarum
quatuor vocum liber primus, Venice, Gar-
dane, 1545 ; 1 Mass (In te, domine, speravi,

G voc.), in Liber missarum quatuor, etc., ib.,
Gardano, 1566 ; 1 Mass, 6 voc. (Congratu-
lamini), and two, 5 voc. (Domine secuudum
actum meum, and Susan' un iour), in Prse-
stautissimorum divinse niusices auctorum
missffi deceni, Louvain, Phalesius, 1570 ; 6
Masses, 5 voc., in MissEe aliquot quinque
vocum (part of the Patrociuium musices),
Munich, Adam Berg, 1574 ; Liber missarum
quatuor et quiuque vocum, Nuremberg, 1581 ;
Missse cum cantico Beatse Mariae octo modis
musicis, Paris, R. Ballard, 1583; Missce decem
cum quatuor vocibus, Venice, Gardano, 1588 ;
3 Masses iu Orlandi Lassi . . . missse, etc.,
liber primus, Milan, heirs of Simone Tini,
1588 ; Misste aliquot quinque vocum (2d vol.
of masses in Patrociuium musices), Munich,
Adam Berg, 1589 ; 2 Masses (Sexti toni, 5
voc., and Ad placitum, 4 voc.) in Selectissi-
niaruin missarum flores, etc., Antwerp, Pha-
lesius, 1599 ; 3 Masses, 5 voc., with continue
(Octavi toni, Sydus ex claro sexti toni, and
Officium defuuctorum), in Joannes Don-
frid's Corolla musica, missarum xxxvii., etc.,
Strasburg, heirs of Lazarus Zetzuer, 1599 ;
Lassi (Orlandi) Belgse, musicorum Orphei
. . . Missa3 posthumse sex, etc. (edited
by his son Rudolph), Munich, Nicolaus
Henricus, 1610.

II. Magnificat : Magnificat octo tonorum,
quatuor, quiuque et sex vocum, Nuremberg,
1567 ; Magnificat octo touorum, quiuque et
sex vocum, ib., 1572 ; Octo cautica divte
Marite Virgiuis, qute vulgo Magnificat appel-
lantur, secundum siugulos octo touorum
quateruis vocibus, Munich, 1573 (second
edition of the same, Paris, Le Roy & Ballard,
1581) ; Magnificat aliquot 4, 5, 6 et 8 vocum
(part of Patrocinium musices), Munich,
Adam Berg, 1576 ; Lassi sereniss. . . .
cantica sacra . . . sex et octo vocibus,
ib., Adam Berg, 1585 ; Magnificat 4, 5 et
6 vocibus ad imitationem cautilenarum, etc.,
ib., ib., 1587 ; Magnificat octo touorum,
. . . quatuor vocum, Milan, heirs of Si-
moue Tiui ; Magnificat octo tonorum 4, 5 et
6 vocum, Augsburg, 1601 ; Lassi (Orlaudi)
. . . ceutum Magnificat, etc. (5, 6, 7, 8,



10 voc.), edited by Ins son Rudolph, Mu-
nich, 1619.

III. Psalms and litanies : 1 Psalm, 5 voc.,
in Beati omues, Psalmus cxxvii. Davidis
. . . a variis, iisdemque praestantissiinis
musicse artificibus, etc., Nuremberg, Ulricb.
Neuber, 1569 ; 1 Psalni (L.ctatus sum, 3
voc.), in Premier livre du meslauge des
Pseaumes et Cantiques, etc. [no name]
1577 ; 2 Psalms, 3 voc. (Beati omues, and
Domiue non est exaltatum), iu Second livrc,
id., etc., 1577 ; Lassi . . . Psalmi Da-
vidici poauitentiales . . . His accessit
Psalmus, "Laudate Domiuum de culi-,,'
quinque vocum, Munich, Adam Berg, 1584 ;
Psalmi sacri, 3 vocum, Munich, 1588 (the
same, with German text, Zurich, 1594) ; 12
Litanies (4-9 voc.) in Thesaurus Litauia-
rum, etc., Munich, Adam Berg, 1596 ; Cin-
quante Pseaumes de David, avec la musique
;i cinq parties d'Orlande de Lassus, etc.,
Heidelberg, Jcrosmo Commeliu, 1.VJ7.

IV. Lamentations and lessons : Sacra:
lectioues novem ex propheta Job, quatuor
vocum, in officiis defuuctoruiu cantari BO-
Htae, etc., Venice, Gardauo, 1565 (other edi-
tions with changes in title : Lyons, 1566 ;
Nuremberg, Gerlach, 1567 ; Louvain, 1.~>7'J ;
Munich, Adam Berg, 1582 ; Nuremberg,
1597) ; Passio, 5 vocum. Item lectioues Job.
et lectioues matuthiie de Nativ., 4 vucimi,
Munich, Adam Berg, 1575 ; Lassi .
Hieremiic propheta) lamentatioiies, etc., ib.,
ib., 1585 ; Jeremire prophetic devotissimu-la-
mentationes cum passioue Domini . . .
quinque vocum, Paris, Le Roy & Ballard,
1586 (reprint of the above-mentioned) ; Mo-
duli quatuor et octo vocum partim a queri-
tatiouibus Job, partim e psalm. Davidis et
aliis scripturpc locis descripti, Orlando Las-
susio auctore, La Rochelle, P. Haultin,
1576 (2d edition, Paris, Le Roy & Ballard,
1587) ; Le Lagrime di S. Pietro descritte
del Signor Luigi Tansillo (with portrait of
Lasso, setat. 62), Munich, Adam Berg,

V. Motets Original collections : II pri-
mo libro de' Motetti di Orlando di Lasso,

Venice, Gardane, 1545 ; II primo libro de'
motetti a 5 e 6 voci, etc., Antwerp, Jean
Laet, 1556 (possibly a 2d ed. of the pre-
ceding) ; Sacrse cautioues (vulgo nioteta
appellate), 5 et 6 vocum, liber secuudus,
Venice, Rampazetto, 1560 [2d ed., ib.,
15(!2] ; Sacrse cantiones quinque vocum cum
viva voce turn omnis generis instruments
cantatu commodissimae, Nuremberg, 1562
(contains 25 motets) [2d ed. of do., Venice,
Gardauo, 1565] ; do., liber secuudus, 5 et
6 vocum, Venice, Gardauo, 1565 [another
ed. of Books I. and II., Venice, Scoto,
1565] ; SacnB cautioues (vulgo moteta ap-
pellate), 5 et 6 vocum, liber tertius, Venice,
Gardano, 1566 (contains 30 motets) ; do.,
6 et 8 vocum, liber quartus, ib., ib., 15G6
[2d ed., ib., 156!) ; 3d ed., ib., 1586] ; Lassi
selectiorum aliquot cautiouum sa-
crorum sex vocum fasciculus adjuuctis in
fine tribus dialogis octo vocum, etc., Mu-
nich, Adam Berg, 1570 (this is the 5th book
of motets, containing 20) ; Sesto libro de'
Mottetti a cinque voci, Venice, Claudio
Merulo, 1569 [another ed., with title Mo-
duli quiuis vocibus, etc., Paris, Le Roy fe
Ballard, 1571. This firm published also
Books I., II., and III., 5 voc., 1571 ; Moduli
quatuor et octo vocum, 1572 ; Moduli sex,
septem et duodecim vocum, 1573. Book
VI., 5 voc., was also published in Munich,
1571] ; Cautionum quosmotetos vocant opus
uovuru, etc. (Part I. of Patrocinium musices),
Munich, Adam Berg, 1573 [another ed.,
\\ith title, II settimo libro di motetti del
Orlando di Lasso, a cinque voci, Venice,
1585] ; Noviie aliquot ad duas voces cantio-
nes suavissirnre, Munich, Adam Berg, 1577
[another ed., with title, Moduli duarum vo-
cum, etc., Paris, Le Roy & Ballard, 1578] ;
Lassi . . . Motetta sex vocum, Mu-
nich, Adam Berg, 1582 ; Lassi . . .
Sacrae Cantiones, quinque vocum, ib., ib.,
1582 (these last two form one collection ;
Futis is in doubt whether it is the 8th book
of motets, or a compilation) ; Lassi . . .
sacrae cautiones . . . quatuor vocum,
Munich, Adam Berg, 1585 [2d ed., with



title, Sacrarum cantionum moduli quatuor
vocibus coutexti. Auctore Orlando Las-
susio, Paris, Le Roy & Ballard, 1580]
(8th or 9th book of motets) ; Sacrse can-
tioues quiiique vocum, etc., Munich, Adam
Berg, 1587 (9th or 10th book of motets) ;
Cantiones sacra sex vocum, quas vulgo
motectas vocant . . . turn vivae vocis,
turn omnivario instrumeutorum concentui
accommodates, etc., Gratz, Georg Widmau-
stadt, 1594. The following, nearly com-
plete, compiled edition is of importance :
Magnum opus uiusicum Orlandi di Lasso
complectens omnes cautioues quas
vulgo motetas vocant, tarn autea editas quam
hacteuus noudum publicatas, 2, 3, 4, 5, G, 7,
8, 10, 12 vocum. A Ferdiuaudo . . .
et Rudolpho . . . authoris filiis, sumino
studio collectum, et impensis eorundem
typis niandatum, Munich, N. Henricus,
1004, 6 vols. (contains 516 motets) ; In
magni illust. . . . Orlandi de Lasso
magnum opus musicum, Bassus ad orgauum
. . . Septima pars, "Wiirzburg, J. Vola-
mari, 1625.

VI. Madrigals and chansons Original
collections : II priino libro de' madrigali a
cinque voci, Venice, Gardane, 1555 ; II se-
condo libro do., ib., Gardano, 1559 [another
ed. of 1st and 2d books, ib., Scoto, 1559 ;
2d ed. of 2d book, Scoto, 1562 ; other eds.,
Gardano, 1566-68-70] ; Di Madrigali a
quattro voci il secondo libro, Rome, Antonio
Bam-, 1562 [reprinted, Venice, 1569-73] ;
H terzo libro de' Madrigali del eccellentis-
simo Orlando di Lasso a quattro voci,
Venice, Gardano, 1504 ; II libro terzo de'
Madrigali a cinque voci, ib., ib., 1566 ;
De' Madrigali dell' ottimo Orlando di
Lasso a cinque voci il quarto libro, Ven-
ice, Gardano, 1567 ; II quiuto libro de'
Madrigali a 4 voci, del Orlando di Lasso,
Venice, 1587 ; H sesto libro de' Madrigali
a 4 e 5 voci, di Orlando di Lasso, ib.,
1588 ; Libro di Villauelle, moresche ed altre
canzoni a 4, 5, 6 ed 8 voci, Paris, Le Roy
& Ballard (no date) [reprinted, Antwerp,
1582] ; Le quatorzieme livre a quatre parties

coutenant . . . par Rolando de Lassus,
Antwerp, Tylmau Susato, 1555 ; Lassus
. Nouvelles chansons a quatre parties
. . . Le premier livre, Antwerp, Jean
Laet, 1566 ; Lassus, le second livre des
nouvelles chansons taut a quatre comme a
cinq parties, ib., ib., 1566 ; Tiers livre des
chansons a quatre, cinq et six parties, etc.,
Louvaiu, Phalesius, 1566 ; Le quart livre des
chansons, etc., Antwerp, Jean Laet, 1564
| another ed., with the title Quatriesine livre
des chansons, etc., Louvain, Phalesius,
1564] ; Livre de chansons uouvelles a cinq
parties, avec deux dialogues il huict, Paris,
1571 [2d ed., with the title, Livre v. de
chansons nouvelles a 5 parties, avec deux
dialogues, Louvaiu, Phalesius, 1572 ; 3d
ed., Paris, Ballard, 1599] ; Moduli duobus
vel tribus vocibus, auctore Orlando de
Lasso, lib. i., Munich, 1582 ; Cantiones ele-
giacte suavissimre duobus vocibus, lib. ii.,
Antwerp, 1598 ; Orlandi di Lasso prophe-
tic Sibyllarum quatuor vocibus chromatico
more, etc., Augsburg, Georg Wilier, 1600 ;
Lassus . . . Nouvelles chansons alle-
mandes a cinq voix, etc., Munich, Adam Berg,
1507 ; do., Part II. (title in German), ib., ib.,
1573 ; do., Part III, ib., ib., 1576 ; Teutsche
uud frauzosische Gesiing mit Stimmen,
ib., ib., 1590 ; Etliche ausserleseue . . .
Liedleiu 4 Stimmeu, etc. (contains 30 chan-
sons), ib., ib., 1582 ; Sex cautiones latinse,
quatuor, adjuncto dialogo octo vocum, ib.,
ib., 1573 [different copies of this ed. have
title and text in French, German, or Ital-
ian] ; Neue teutsche Liedleiu mit fiinf
Stimmen ... I, II, HE. Theil, ib., ib.,
1507-76 ; Neue teutsche und etliche fran-
zOsische Gesiing mit sechs Stimmeu, ib.,
ib., 1590 (5th book of chansons). For re-
printed editions and compilations of Motets,
Madrigals, and Chansons, and for miscel-
laneous collections that contain such works
by Lasso together with those of other com-
posers, see Fetis ; Eitner's Bibliographic
cler Musik-Sammelwerke des xvi. and xvii.
Jalirh. ; and Eituer's Chronolog. Verzeich-



* f


VII. Modern editions in score : Psalmos
VII. po3iiitentiales rnodis niusicis adaptavit
Orlaudus de Lassus, etc. (edited by S. W.
Dehn), Berlin, Crautz, 1835 ; Regina coeli
(4 voc.), Salve Kegina (4 voc.), Augelus ad
pastores (5 voc.), Miserere (5 and 6 voc.), in
Rochlitz, vol. i., Mainz, Scbott, 1838 ; Psalm
xxxiii. (5 voc.), Motet, Quo properas (10
voc.), Magnificat (5 voc.), Berlin, Schle-
singer ; Confirma hoc Deus (6 voc.), Berlin,
Gutteutag ; Six German chansons (4 voc.)
and one dialogue (8 voc.) in Delia's Samm-
lung alter Musik, etc., Berlin, Grantz ;
Twelve motets (4, 5, 6, 7 and 8 voc.) in
Commer's Collectio operum Musicorum Ba-
tavorum sseculi xvi., vols. vii. and viii.,
Mainz, Schott ; Twenty motets (i voc.) in
Proske's Musica Divina, etc., Ratisbon,
1855 ; Mass, Qual donna atteude (5 voc.) in
Proske's Selectus uovus missarum, etc., vol.
i., Ratisbon, 1856 ;
Q Mass, Or sus a coup
(4 voc.), edited by
Ferreuberg, Cologne, Heberle, 1847 ; Six
unpublished masses, edited by Comnier,
Berlin, I860. H. Delmotte, Notice biog-
raphique sur Roland de Lattre, etc. (Va-
lenciennes, Prignet, 1836) ; The same
translated into German by Dehn (Berlin) ;
Atnbros, iii. 332-346 ; Mus. Wochenblatt
(1871), No. 17 ; Mouatsh. f. Musikgesch.,
vi. 107 ; Robert Eitner, Chronologisches
Verzeichuiss der Druckwerke des O. di L.
(Berlin, 1874) ; Fetis ; Grove.

LASSO, RUDOLPH DI, born in Munich
about 1564, died there in 1625. Church
composer, son and pupil of Orlando Lasso ;
from 1587 organist and instructor of sing-
ing and composition at the court chapel in
Munich. He succeeded his brother Ferdi-
nand, in 1609, as Kapellmeister there.
Works : Cantiones sacrte, for 4 voices
(1606) ; Circus symphouiacus (1609) ; Mo-
duli sacri ad sacrum convivium, for 2-6
voices (1614) ; Virgiualia eucharistica, for
4 voices (1616) ; Alphabetum Mariauum
(1621) ; 3 masses ; 3 Magnificats. Fetis ;
Mendel ; Schilling.

GNADE, arioso of Paulus in F major, in
Mendelssohn's Paulus, Part II. (No. 27).

variations for the pianoforte, in B-flat, by
Beethoven, on the duet of the same title in
Salieri's opera of Falstaff, which was first
represented in Vienna, Jan. 3, 1799. It is
dedicated to Mile la Comtesse Babette de
Keglivics, and was composed in 1799.
Published by Artaria & Co. (Vienna, 1799) ;
Breitkopf & Hilrtel, Beethoven Werke, Se-
rie 17, No. 11. Thayer, Verzeichuiss, 31 ;
Allgem. mus. Zeitg. (1799), 607.

song by Thomas Moore, written to the tune
" The Groves of Blarney," which is probably
a variation of an older air, "The Young
Man's Dream," composed in 1788-89 by R.
A. Millikiu, of Cork. Beethoven included
this air among his Irische Lieder (No. 6).
Mendelssohn wrote a Fantasia (op. 15) upon
it, and Flotow used it for a motif in his
opera Martha. Grove, iv. 129.

LATILLA, GAETANO, born at Bari,
Kingdom of Naples, in 1713, died at Naples
soon after 17S8. Dramatic composer, pupil
of Domenico Gizzi ; was second maestro di
cappella at S. M. Maggiore, Rome, in 1738-
41 ; in 1756 became chorus-master at the
Conservatorio della Pietu, Venice, and suc-
ceeded Galuppi as second maestro di cap-
pella at S. Marco in 1762-72. Works Op-
eras : Li mariti a forza, Naples, 1732 ; Lo
sposo seuza moglie, ib., 1736 ; II Gismondo,
ib., 1737 ; Demofoonte, ib., 1738 ; Orazio,
Rome, 1738 ; La fiuta cameriera, Naples,
1S43 ; La gara per la gloria, Venice, 1844 ;
Madama Giana (with Galuppi), ib. ; H Ba-
rone di Vignalunga, Naples, 1747 ; Griselda,
Rome, 1747 ; Amore in tarantola, Venice,
1750 ; La pastorella al soglio, ib., 1751 ; Gl'
impostori, 1751 ; L' Opera in prova alia
moda, 1751 ; L' isola d' amore ; Urgauosto-
car, 1752 ; L' Olimpiade, 1752 ; Amore ar-
tigiano, 1761 ; Alessandro neh" Indie, 1753 ;
Merope, 1763 ; La giardiuiera contessa ; La
corntnedia in commedia ; Don Calascioue ;


La buona figliuola creduta vedova, Venice,
1766 ; Antigone, Naples, 1775. L' ouuipo-
tenza e la misericordia divina, oratorio ;
Masses ; Psalms ; Vocal music. Fetis ; do.,
Supplement, ii. 78 ; Mendel ; Schilling ;
Gerber ; Burney, iv. 558.

LATOUR, JEAN, born in Paris in 1766,
died there in 1840. Pianist ; went at the
be^innm" of the French Revolution to Lou-


don, where he taught with success, and be-
came pianist to the Prince of Wales, later
George IV. ; returned to Paris about 1830.
Works : 5 duos for harp and pianoforte ; 30
divertissements and rondos for pianoforte
and violin, or flute ; Concerto militaire for
pianoforte ; Souates progressives ; 60 col-
lections of variations, divertissements, and
caprices ; 25 duos, waltzes, and other dance
music for pianoforte. Fetis ; Mendel ; Schil-

TIUS, born at Fulneck, near Leeds, York-
shire, England, Feb. 12, 1758, died at Fair-
field, near Liverpool, May 6, 1836. He
studied at the college of the United Breth-
ren at Niesky, Upper Lusatia, in 1771, and
on his return to England, after thirteen
years, took orders in the same church, and
became secretary to the Society for the
Furtherance of the Gospel ; in 1795 held a
similar position to the United Moravian
Brethren in England. Works : Sonatas ;
Concertos ; Variations ; Dies irse (1799) ;
The Dawn of Glory (1803) ; Anthem for the
Jubilee of George HI. (1809); Anthems
(1823) ; Te Deum, performed in York
Cathedral ; Miserere, Psalm LI. ; 6 airs on
serious subjects, words by Cowper and Han-
nah More. He edited also Moravian Hymn
Tunes ; Selection of Sacred Music from
the works of the most eminent composers
of Germany and Italy (6 vols., 1806-25) ;
Anthems by various composers (1811). His
son, John Antes Latrobe (1792-1878), or-
gauist in Liverpool, composed anthems and
other church music. Mendel ; Fetis.

LAUB, FERDINAND, born in Prague,
Jan. 19, 1832, died at Gries, near Botzen,

Tyrol, March 17, 1875. Violin virtuoso,
pupil of Mildner at the Couservatorium,
Prague ; was sent by the Grand Duke
Stephan to Vienna in 1847, and later
visited London and Paris. In 1853 he
succeeded Joachim as Conzertrneister in
Weimar ; was instructor in Stern's Couser-
vatorium, Berlin, in 1855-57, later Conzert-
meister of the court orchestra there, and
chamber virtuoso. In 186-4 he made an ex-
tended concert tour with Carlotta Patti, the
pianist Jaell, and the violoncellist Keller-
maun, and in 1866 became professor of vio-
lin at the Conservator! urn in Moscow. His
health was much broken, and the baths of
Carlsbad afforded him only a temporary
relief. He was one of the greatest of recent
violinists. Works : Elegy ; Polonaise ; 2
collections of Czech songs ; Other violin
music. Wurzbach ; Mendel ; Rieuiaun ; Fe-
tis ; do., Supplement, ii. 79.

LAUBENSONATE, Sonata quasi una
fantasia, in C-sharp minor, by Beethoven,

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