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the second of the two sonatas which make
op. 27. It was written about 1801, and is
dedicated to the Darnigella Contessa Giu-
lietta Guicciardi. It is said to have received
its name in Vienna from a tradition that
the first movement was composed in a leafy
alley (Laubengaug). In England and in
America it is sometimes called the Moon-
li'ht Sonata, a name derived from a remark

D

made by Rellstab, who compared the first
movement to a boat drifting on the Lake of
Lucerne in the moonlight. It is one of the
best loved of Beethoven's pianoforte works,
but he professed to care more for the so-
nata in F-sharp minor, op. 78. I. Adagio ;
H. Allegretto ; HI. Presto agitato. The
Adagio has been arranged to the Kyrie
eleison with orchestra, by Bierey, to the
same words with pianoforte by Otteu, for
voice and pianoforte with words by Grie-
peukerl (Leibrock, Brunswick), and for two
violins by Hartmann. The Allegretto has
been arranged for two violins, viola, and
violoncello. The sonata was first published
by Cappi (Vienna, 1802), Breitkopf & Hiir-



431



LAUD A



tel), Beethoven Werke, Serie 16, No. 14.
Thayer, Verzeichniss, 45 ; Nottebohm,
Verzeichniss, 30 ; Thayer, Beethoven, ii.
172 ; Lenz, Beethoven, Part II. 56 ; Lenz,
Beethoven et ses trois styles, i. 219 ; Nohl,
Beethoven, ii. 122 ; iii. *170 ; Mars, Beet-
hoven, i. 130 ; Marx, Anleitung zum Vor-
trag Beethoven'scher Klavienverke, 114 ;
Berlioz, Voyage musicale en Allemagne, i.
362 ; Allgem. mus. Zeitg., iv. 650.

LAUDA SIGN, sequence sung after the
gradual at High Mass on the Feast of Cor-
pus Christi, to verses written by Saint
Thomas Aquinas in 1261, chosen by Men-
delssohn as the subject of a cantata for four
solo voices, chorus, and orchestra, op. 73.
Composed for the celebration of this feast
l>y the Church of Saint-Martin in Liege, and
performed there, June 11, 1846. I. Intro-
duction with chorus, L'luda Sion (andante
maestoso) ; II Chorus, Liudis thema spe-
cialis (andante con moto) ; HL Soprano solo
and chorus, Sit laus plena (sostenuto) ; IV.
Quartet, In hoc mensa (andante) ; V. Cho-
rus, Docti sacris institutis (grave) ; Dogma
datur Christianis (andante con moto) ; VI.
Soprano solo, Caro cibus (andante) ; VII.
Solo and chorus, Suinit unus. Published by
Schott (Mainz, 1847) ; Breitkopf A: Hartel,
Mendelssohn's Werke, Serie 14, No. 94.
Palestrina left two settings of the Lauda
Sion : First, for a double chorus of eight
voices, first printed by Alpssandro Gar-
dano in Book III. of Motets for 5, 6, and 8
voices (Rome, 1575) ; Breitkopf \ Hiirtel,
Palestrina's Werke, vol. iii. ; second, for a
chorus of four voices, the MS. of which is
in the library of the Collegio Romano,
Rome ; Breitkopf ,t Hiirtel, Palestrina's
Werke, vol. vii. Grove, ii. 103 ; Chorley,
Modern German Music, ii. 320 ; Upton,
Standard Cantatas, 265.

LAUDI, by Giovanni Animuccia, com-
piled for the use of the Laudisti a relig-
ious confraternity organized in Florence in
1310. After Animuccia's death, Francesco
Soto edited and published in 1588 a third
volume of unacknowledged compositions



and in 1591 a fourth. The text was always
written in Italian, and several ancient speci-
mens have been attributed by Crescentini
to St. Francis of Assisi. The words of Lo-
renzo de' Medici, Paliziano, Pulci, Bembo,
Filicaia, Giambellari, Ludovico Martelli, and
other eminent poets were employed. A MS.
volume belonging to a company of Laudisti
enrolled in 1336 is in the Magliabecchiana
Library, Florence. The earliest printed col-
lection is dated 1485. Serafino Razzi pub-
lished a large collection in 1608, which was
followed by many others. The oratorio is
said to have been developed from the Laudi
Spirit uali. -Grove, ii. 105 ; Burney, ii. 325.

LAUDON, symphony in C, by Haydu,
written in 1779. Subject, the hero Gideon,
Freiherr von Laudon (or London). Pub-
lished by Artaria (Vienna, 1779). Pohl,
Haydn, ii. 198.

LAUER-MTJNCHHOFEN, A, Freiherr
VON, born, May 16, 1796, died in Berlin,
Jan. 4, 1874. Amateur pianist and dra-
matic composer ; studied music while an offi-
cer in the Prussian army ; lived last in Ber-
lin, having attained the grade of general.
Works Operas: Rosa, die Miillerin, given
in Hamburg, 1829 ; Der Orakelspruch ;
! Requiem, performed in Berlin, 1852 ; Quar-
tets for strings ; Pianoforte music, and
songs. Fetis ; Mendel ; Schilling.

LAUR, FERDINAND, born at Mark-
dorf, on the Lake of Constance, Feb. 22,
IT'.il. dii .1 (?). Vocal composer ; was able,
at the age of eighteen, to fill the post of
instructor of music in a school at Gottstadt,
canton Berne. In 1810-20 he held a simi-
lar position at Hofwyl ; then was appointed
professor of singing, first at the gymnasium,
later also at the university in Basel. In
1824 he founded there a singing society,
which he conducted still in 1858. Works :
Choruses for church, for schools, and sing-
ing-clubs ; Choruses for men's voices ; Col-
lection of duets for schools. Fetis; Men-
del ; Schilling.

LAURENT DE RILLE, FRANVnis
ANATOLE, born at Orleans, France, 1828,



432



LAUEENTI



still living, 1889. Dramatic composer, pupil
of Comoghio and Elwart, in Paris ; inspect-
or of vocal instruction in the public schools
of Paris. Works Operas : Trilby, given
in the Theatre des Folies Nouvelles, 1858 ;
Aime pour lui-mume, ib., 1857 ; Bel-Boul,
ib., 1857 ; Le jugeruent de Paris, ib., 1859 ;
Achille a Scyros, ib., 1857 ; Le mouliu de
Catherine, ib., 1858 ; La demoiselle de la
Hochetromblon, ib., 1857 ; Le sultan Mysa-
pouf, ib., 1859 ; Frasquita, Bouffes Parisi-
ens, 1859 ; Au fond du verre, Baden-Ba-
den ; Le Petit-Poucet, Athenee, 1868 ;
Pattes blanches, Bouffes Parisiens, 1873 ;
La liqueur d'or, Menus Plaisirs, 1873 ; Babi-
ole, Bouffes Parisiens, 1873 ; La part a Dieu,
published in the Magazin des Demoiselles ;
Cantate officielle, Opera Comique, 1867.
Five masses ; Salut, vierge Marie, cantique
for three female voices, with organ ; More
than one hundred choruses for the church,
for schools, and singing-clubs. Fetis, Sup-
plement ; Mendel, Ergauz.; Riemaun.

LAURENTI, BARTOLOMEO GERO-
NIMO, born in Bologna, Italy, in 16-14, died
there, Jan. 18, 172G. Violinist in the or-
chestra of the collegiate church Santa Pe-
tronia, Bologna, and one of the earliest
members of the Philharmonic Academy es-
tablished in Bologna in 1666. Works : So-
natas for violins and violoncello (Bologna,
1691) ; 6 concertos for violin, -violoncello,
and organ (ib., 1720). Fetis; Mendel.

LAURENTI, GERONIMO NICOLo,
died in Bologna, Dec. 26, 1752. Violinist,
son and pupil of the preceding, then pupil
of Torelli and Vitali ; for many years first
violin in San Petronio and other churches
in Bologna. Member of the Philharmonic
Academy, 1698. Works : 6 concertos for
three violins, viola, violoncello, and organ.
Fetis ; Mendel.

LAURENTINO, LAURENT, born at Hu-
sum, Schleswig, June 8, 1660, died in
Bremen, May 19, 1722. Church composer,
studied in the gymnasium of his native
town and in the university at Kiel ; then
devoted himself to music, and in 1684 was



appointed cantor and director of music in
the cathedral in Bremen. Works : Geist-
liche Lieder und Lobgesange, a collection
of 150 sacred songs. Allgem. d. Biogr.,
xviii. 62 ; Koch, Gesch. des Kirchenliedes,
iv. 281 ; Gerber ; Fetis.

LAUSKA, FRANZ (SERAPHINUS IG-
NATIUS), born at Briinu, Moravia, Jan. 13,
1764, died in Berlin, April 28, 1825. Pi-
anist ; studied composition and counterpoint
under Albrechtsberger in Vienna, was ap-
pointed court musician to the Elector of
Bavaria before he was twenty-four years
old, travelled later for several years, appear-
ing in concerts, and in 1798 settled in Ber-
lin, and taught there with great success.
Meyerbeer was one of his pupils. Works :
Sonatas and other pieces for pianoforte ; So-
natas for pianoforte and strings ; Quartets
for men's voices ; 2 collections of songs ; A
practical method for pianoforte. Fetia ;
Mendel ; Riemann ; Gerber ; Wurzbach.

LAUTERBACH, JOHANN CHRIS-
TOPH, born at Culmbach, Bavaria, July
24, 1832, still living, 1889. Virtuoso on
the violin, pupil at the school of music in
Wiirzburg of FriJhlich and Bratsch, then at
the Conservatoire, Brussels (1850), of de
Beriot and Fetis ; received the gold medal
there in 1851, and the next year took Leo-
nard's place, during a temporary absence, as
professor of violin ; became Conzertmeister
and professor of violin in the Conserva-
torium, Munich, in 1853, and went as Cou-
zertmeister to Dresden in 1860, where he
also became professor of violin in the Con-
servatorium. In 1864-65 he appeared in
England, and he played at the last concert
in the Tuileries before the War of 1870. He
has received many decorations. Works :
Compositions for the violin. Mendel ; Fe-
tis, Supplement, ii. 80 ; Riemanu ; Wasie-
lewski, Die Violine, 362.

LAVATNE, FERDINAND, born at Lille,
France, in 1810, still living, 1889. Pianist,
mostly self-taught ; published in 1833 his
first compositions for pianoforte ; professor
in the Conservatoire, Lille. Works Op-



433



LAVALLflE







eras : Une matinee a Cayenne, given at Lille,
1836 ; Nerida, ib., I860 ; Tircis et Margo-
ton, ib., 18G1. Music to the drama Artus et
Rikemer, ib., 1840 ; Overture to La mort
ilu Tasse ; La fuite en Egypte, oratorio ; Te
Deum ; De profundis ; Psalms for chorus and
orchestra ; Messe solennelle for men's voices ;
Symphonies ; 2 quintets and 3 trios for pi-
anoforte and strings ; Fantaisie dramatique,
and many other pieces for pianoforte. Fe-
tis ; do.. Supplement, ii. 80 ; Mendel.
LAY ALL KE, CALIXA, born, of French-
Canadian parent-
age, at Vercheres,
Canada, Dec. 28,
1842, still living,
1889. Pianist,
pupil of his father ;
about 1857 he went
to Paris, where he
was a pupil on the
pianoforte of Mar-
ruontel, and in com-
position and instru-
mentation of Bazin and Boieldieu. He
made his first appearance as a pianist when
ten years old, and in 1881 was solo pianist
of Mme Gerster's first concert tour in the
United States. In 1886-87 he was presi-
dent of the Music Teachers' National Asso-
ciation, and is at present chairman of the
Examining Committee of American Compo-
sitions, and was the first delegate sent to
England by that association to the Confer-
ence of the Society of Professional Musicians
held in 1SSS in London. In 1884 he gave
at Cleveland, Ohio, before the Association
the first concert in America the programme
of which consisted entirely of American
compositions, and during the last three
years he has repeatedly given concerts of
American compositions in Boston, where he
has resided for some time. Works : A sym-
phony ; 2 operas ; An offertory for solo, cho-
rus, and orchestra ; 30 etudes for pianoforte;
Sonata for pianoforte and violin ; Suite for
pianoforte and violoncello ; 2 suites d'or-
chestre ; Several overtures ; Trio for piano-



forte, violin, and violoncello ; 2 string quar-
tets ; King Solomon, oratorio (unfinished).
LA VENDETTA. See Nozze di Figaro.
LA VENDETTA Pit TREMENDA See
Ernani.

LAVENU, LOUIS HENRY, born in Lon-
don in 1818, died at Sydney, New South
Wales, Aug. 1, 1859. Violoncellist, pupil
of Potter and Bochsa at the Royal Academy
of Music ; was a member of the orchestra
in the London Opera, went to Australia
about 1848, and was appointed music di-
rector of the theatre in Sydney. Works :
Loretta, opera, given in Drury Lane The-
atre, London, 1848 ; Numerous glees and
English songs ; Pieces for pianoforte. Fe-
tis ; Brown.

LAVIGNA, YTNCENZO, born in Naples
in 1777, died in Milan about 1837. Dra-
matic composer, studied music and compo-
sition at the Conservatorio della Pieta de'
Turchini ; went to Milan, where he taught
singing and became accompanist at La Scala
in 1809. Works Operas : La muta per
amore, given in Milan, La Scala, 1802 ; L'
idolo di se stesso, Ferrara, 1803 ; L' impos-
tore avvilito, ib., 1804 ; II Coriolano, Parma,
1806 ; Di posta in posta, Milan, 1808 ; Za'ira,
Florence, 1809 ; Orcamo, Milan, 1809 ; Chi
s'c visto s'c'' visto, ib., 1811 ; Le metamorfosi,
comic opera, Venice, Teatro Feuice, 1807 ;
Music to the ballets Geugis-Kan and Emilio
e Carolina, Milan, 1802 and 1804. Fetis ;
do.j Supplement., ii. 80; Mendel.

LAWES, HENRY, born at Dinton, Wilt-
shire, England, De-
cember, 1595, died
in London, Oct. 21,




o v a n n i Coperario ;
entered the Chapel
Royal of Charles I.
in 1626 ; composed
music for court en-
tertainments ; after
the Restoration, in
1660, he was reinstated in his appointments
\ at the court. Works : Music for Shirley's



434



LAW SON



masque, The Triumphs of Peace, 1G33 (with ;
his brother William and Simon Ives) ; Music
for Carew's masque, Ccelum Britaunicum,
about 1G33 ; Sougs for Milton's Comus,
1634 ; A Paraphrase upon the Psalmes of
David (1037) ; Songs for William Cart-
wright's plays and poems ; Christmas songs
in Herrick's Hesperides ; Ayres and Dia-
logues for One, Two, and Three Voyces
(1653, 1655, and 1058) ; Music for Dave-
naut's First Day's Entertainment of Musick
at Rutland House, 1056, with others ; Za-
dok the Priest, anthem ; Songs in other
collections ; Select Musicall Ayres and Dia-
logues (1652, 1653, and 1659), and The
Treasurey of Musick (1069). His brother
William also was a member of the Chapel
Royal, and afterwards chamber musician to
Charles I. He was killed, as a soldier of
the Royalist army, during the siege of Ches-
ter. Anthems and other vocal compositions
by him are to be found in some collections
of the time. Grove ; Mendel ; Fetis ; Schil-
ling ; Gerber ; Burney, iii. 381, 393 ; Haw-
kins, iv. 48 ; Barrett, Eug. Church Com-
posers, 64.

LAWSON, MALCOLM LEONARD, born
at Wellington, Shropshire, England, in 1849,
still living, 1889. Organist, studied under
various masters in London, France, Italy,
and Germany ; was appointed organist and
choirmaster of the Roman Catholic Church
in London, 1876, conductor of the Gluck
Society, 1877, director of the musical branch
of the Kyrie Society, 1878, and Associate of
the Philharmonic Society, 1878. Works :
The Three Princesses, opera ; Airs and in-
terludes to the play of " England," London,
1870 ; Music to the play of " Olivia," Lou-
don, 1877 ; Overture to Savonarola ; 2 fes-
tival services ; 6 anthems for 4 voices and
organ ; 6 motets for female voices ; 2 sym-
phonies ; Numerous songs and pieces for
pianoforte. Brown.

LAYOLLE, FRANCOIS DE, born, prob-
ably in France, about the end of the 15th
century. In Italian he was called Fran-
cesco Ajolla, or dell' Aiolle. He became



organist in Florence, where his talents
gained him considerable reputation, and
later returned to France. He is said to
have been Beuvenuto Cellini's music
teacher, and Andrea del Sarto put his por-
trait into his fresco of the Adoration of the
Magi in Florence. Works : Masses, motets,
songs, and madrigals, in various contempo-
rary collections. Fctis ; Rieniann.

LAZARUS, oratorio, text by August Her-
mann Niemeyer, music by Schubert, first
given in Vienna, March 27, 1863. It was
written in February, 1820, for an Easter
cantata for that year, but was vinfinished.
For many years the original score was in
the possession of the firm Diabelli (after-
wards Spina), of Vienna. Kreissle von Hell-
born discovered in 1859 the first part in
Spauu's collection, and the second part was
found in 1861 among Schubert's MSS. in
Alexander W. Thaycr's collection. Another
MS. was discovered in the possession of
Ferdinand Schubert's wife. The MS. is
in the Musikverein of Vienna. Characters
represented at the first performance, under
direction of Johann Herbeck : The man of
Bethany, Lazarus, Olschbauer ; Mary, Frl.
Tellhcim ; Martha, Frl. Konig ; Jemima,
Jairus's daughter, Frau Wilt ; Nathauael,
Herr Schultner ; Simon the Sadducee, Herr
Mayerhofer. Published by Spiua (Vienna,
1866). Hellborn, Schubert (Coleridge),
ISO ; Allgem. mus. Zeituug (1863), 373 ;
Austin, Schubert, 51.

LEAL, JOAO, Portuguese composer of the
early part of the 19th century. Of a family
of musicians, he was skilled in the compo-
sition of a kind of love-song called in Por-
tugal modiuhas, the words and melody of
which are simple. Fetis, Supplement, ii.
85 ; Mendel, Ergiluz., 210 ; Vascoucellos,
190.

LEBEAU, FRANCOIS, born at Liege,
Aug. 4, 1827, still living, 1889. Amateur
composer, pupil of Michelot on the piano-
forte, and of Bosselet in harmony. He was
secretary of the administrative commission
of the Conservatoire, Brussels. Work :



135



LEBEWO11L



Esmeralda, opera, libretto by Victor Hugo,
given at Liege, 1856, Antwerp, Brussels,
1857. Fetis, Supplement, ii. 85.

LEBEWOHL, DAS, die Abweseukeit, das
Wiedersehn (Les adieus, 1'absence, et le re-
tour ; Farewell, Absence, and Return), Son-
ate caracteristique in E-flat, by Beethoven,
op. 81a, written in 1809, and dedicated to
the Erzherzog Rudolph of Austria. I. Ada-
gio, Allegro ; II. Andante ; in. Vivacissimo,
poco Andante. Published in two parts :
Artaria & Co. (Vicuna, 1810) ; Breitkopf &
Hiirtel (Lcipsic, 1811), Breitkopf & Hartel,
Beethoven Werke, Serie 1C, No. 2G. -Thayer,
Verzeichniss, 11 ; Mars, Beethoven, ii. 189 ;
Lenz, Beethoven, vol. ii., part ii., 201.

LEBLANC, , born about 1750, died

in Paris, March, 1827. Violinist and dra-
matic composer, chef d'orchestre at the
Theatre Comique et Lyrique, Paris, 1791 ;
afterwards connected with the Theatre d'K-
m ulation as composer till 1801. Reduced
in circumstances, he was then obliged to
play second violin in the Theatre du Boule-
vard du Temple, and finally earned his liv-
ing by copying music. Works Operas:
La noce bearnaise, Theatre de Beaujolais,
1787 ; Gabrielle et Paulin, ib., 1788 ; La
folle gageure, Theatre Comique et Lyrique,
1790 ; Rosiue et Zely, ib., 1790 ; Le ber-
ceau de Henri TV., ib., 1790 ; Nicodeme
dans la lune, ib., 1791 ; Le manage de Na-
non, ou la suite de Madame Angot, Tlu'atre
d'Kmulation, 1796 ; Music to Telemaque,
pantomime, ib., 1797. Melodrames: Elisa,
ou le triomphe des femmes ; Le serail ; Eg-
bert L, roi d'Austrasie ; Azemire, ou les
refugies peruviens. Ballets : L'enfaut du
bonheur, Theatre d'Emulation, 1798 ; La
foret euchantee, ou Isaure et Florestan,
Gaite, 1800 ; Huon de Bordeaux, ib., 1M>1 ;
Saphiriue, ou le reveil magique, ib., 1811 ;
Riquet a la houppe, ib., 1811. Fetis ; do.,
Supplement, ii. 86 ; Mendel.

LEBORNE, ABIE AMBROISE SIMON,
born in Brussels, Dec. 29, 1797, died in
Paris, April 1, 18C6. Dramatic composer
and didactic writer, pupil at the Paris Con-



servatoire of Dourlen and Cherubini ; ob-
tained the second prize for composition in
1818, and the first in 1820. He was in-
structor at the Conservatoire in 1816-36,
then succeeded Reicha as professor of com-
position. In 1834 he was made librarian
of the Opera, and later of the chapel of
Napoleon HI. Works Operas : Les deux
Figaros, given at the Odeon, Paris, 1827 ;
Le camp du drap d'or, Opera Comique,
1828 ; Cinq aris d'eutr'acte, Theatre de la
Bourse, 1833 ; Lequel, ib., 1838. A treatise
on harmony remains unpublished. Fetis ;
do., Supplement, ii. 86 ; Riemann.

LEBOUC, CHARLES JOSEPH, born at
Besanyou, Dec. 22, 1822, still living, 1889.
Virtuoso on the violoncello, pupil at the
Paris Conservatoire of Franchomme on the
violoncello, and of Halevy and Colet in
composition. He was awarded the first
prize for violoncello in 1842, the second
prize for harmony in 1843, and the first in
1844. He belonged to the orchestra of the
Opi'ra in 1844-48, was elected member of
the Socii'te des Concerts du Conservatoire
in 1842, and was its secretary in 1856-60 ;
established the Soirees de Musique Clas-
sique. Works : Ave verum, for one voice,
with violoncello and organ ; La vision de
Saiute-Cecile, melodie for voice, with vio-
loncello and pianoforte ; Trio de concert,
for pianoforte and strings ; Duos for piano-
forte and violoncello ; Fantaisie, mazurka,
for violoncello, and a method for do. Ft'-
tis ; do., Supplement, ii. 86 ; Mendel.

LEBRUN, LOUIS SEBASTIEN, born in
Paris, Dec. 10, 1764, died there, June 27,
1829. Dramatic composer ; at the age of
seven he became chorister in Notre Dame,
where he received his musical education.
He was appointee! director in the Church of
Saint-Germain 1'Auxerrois in 1783 ; was
tenor at the Opera in 1787 and in 1791-
1803, and at the Feydeau in 1791. He was
instructor of singing at the Opera in 1803-
7, tenor of Napoleon's chapel in 1807-10,
and later its director. Works Operas :
L'art d'aimer, ou 1'amour au village, 1780 ;



I.'.



LEBRUN



Us ne savent pas lire, 1791 ; Le bou fils,
1795 ; Emilie efc Melcour, 1797 ; Le men-
teur maladroit, 1798 ; L'astronome, 1798 ;
Un moment d'erreur ; La veuve americaiue,
1799 ; Eleonore et Dorval, ou la suite de la
ciuquantaiue, 1800 ; Le raajon, 1800 ; Mar-
cellin, 1800 ; Les petits aveugles de Fran-
conville, 1802 ; Le rossignol, 1816 ; Zelokle,
ou les fleurs enchantees, 1818 ; L'An II. Te
Deum, 1809 ; Messe solennelle, 1815 ; Mass
for strings, 1826 ; Collection of romances.
Fetis ; Mendel ; Riemanu ; Gerber ; Schil-
ling ; Michaud, Biog. Univ., xxiii. 505; N.
Biog. Gen., xxx. 161.

LEBRUN, LUDWIG AUGUST, born in
Mannheim in 1746, died in Berlin, Dec. 16,
1790. Virtuoso ou the oboe, probably the
greatest of the 18th century. In 1767 he
became a member of the electoral orchestra
in Munich, and from 1775 made concert
tours through Germany, Italy, France, and
England, winning great applause in London
(1781) and Paris (1784). Works : 7 concer-
tos for oboe with orchestra ; 12 trios for
oboe, violin, and violoncello ; Duos for flute.
His wife Fraucesca (born at Mannheim, 1756,
died in Berlin, May 14, 1791), sister of Franz
Dauzi, one of the most eminent singers of
her time, accompanied her husband on his
concert tours. She was also a good pianist,
and composed trios, duos, and pianoforte
pieces. Fetis ; Mendel ; Schilling ; Allgeni.
d. Biogr., xviii. 102.

LEBWOHL, IRENE. See Rienzi.
LECERF, JUSTUS AMADEUS, born at
Rosendorf, near Weissenfels, Saxony, June
23, 1789, died in Dresden, March 28,
1868. Pianist, pupil of Moritz Berger and
August Eberhard Miiller in Leipsic, later in
Dresden of Weiulig in theory, and in Paris
of Reicha in composition. He was music
director at Aix-la-Chapelle in 1825-29,
lived then in Berlin till 1843, and settled
finally in Dresden, to teach music. Works
Jery und Biitely, Singspiel, given in the
court theatre, Dresden, 1846 ; Des Lebeus
Tag ist schwer, motet ; March for orchestra ;
Sonatas and other pieces for pianoforte ;



Songs and part-songs. Allgem. d. Biogr.,
xviii. 104 ; Mendel.

LECHNER, LEONHARD, born near
ularus, Switzerland, in the first half of the
L6tb century, died at Nuremberg about
L594. Church composer, pupil of Orlando
Lasso. He was town musician at Nurein-
Derg in 1578-84, and later Kapellmeister to
;he Duke of Wiirtemberg. Works : Mo-
;ectee sacrse for 4-6 voices (1576) ; Motecta
octo vocum, ad duos chores (1576) ; Sacra-
ruin cantiouuin, etc., for 5-6 voices (1581) ;
Epithalamium 24 vocuni ; Harrnoma paue-
gyrica for 6 voices (1582) ; Harmonise mis-
cellpe (1583) ; Masses, canticles, and psalms ;
Several collections of songs for 3-5 voices ;
Bicinia uud dreystimmige deutsche Vil-
lauellen (1586) ; History of the Passion after
the ancient Latin choral, for 4 voices (1594).
Fetis ; Mendel ; Gerber ; Schilling ; All-
gem, d. Biogr., xviii. 106 ; Monatsh. f. Mus.
Gesch., i. 179.

LE CIEL NOUS A PLACES DANS LES
RANGS. See Ambassadrice,

LECLAIR, JEAN MARIE, born in Lyons
in 1697, died in Paris,
Oct. 22, 1764. Vio-
linist, was a dancer
in Rouen and went
as ballet-master to
Turin, where he be-
came a pupil of So-
mis ou the violin ;
studied composition
under C h e r o u in

Paris in 1729, was ripieno-violinist at the
Opera, and in 1731 became a member of
the royal orchestra, but soon resigned both
positions. The rest of his life was spent in
teaching, and in composition. He was as-
sassinated in the street near his house, but
no particulars are known of the crime. He
holds the first place among French compos-
ers for the violin. Works : Glaucus et
Scylla, opera, given at the Academic Royale
de Musique, Paris, 1746 ; Apollon et Cli-
mene, opera-ballet, private theatre of the
Due de Gramout, 1750 ; Coucerti grossi, for




437



LECOCQ




strings and organ ; Overtures and sonatas,
as trios for violins and bass ; 48 sonatas for
violin, with continue ; Duos for violins ;
Trios for violins, with continue ; etc. Fe-
tis ; do., Supplement, ii. 87 ; Mendel ; Rie-



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