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mann ; Schilling ; Wasielewski, Die Violine,
236 ; Dubourg, The Violin, 1ST ; Hart, The
Violin, 284 ; Hawkins, Hist., v. 383.

LECOCQ, (ALEXANDRE) CHAELES,
born in Paris, June
3, 1832, still living,
1889. Dramatic com-
poser, pupil at the
Conservatoire of Ba-
zin in harmony, of
Hah'vy in composi-
tion, and of Beuoist
on the organ ; took
the first prize for har-
mony in 1850, and
the second for fugue in 1852. He was the
rival of Offenbach, ami his operettas have
become universally popular on account of
the light and lively melodies which charac-
terize his style. Works Operettas : Le
i/nfii'iir Miracle, 1857 ; Huis-Clos, 1859 ;
Le baiser a la porte, 18G4 ; Liline et Valen-
tin, 1804 ; Les outlines au Champagne,
1.SH5 ; Le inyosotis, 18CG ; Le cabaret de
Ramponneau, 1807 ; I'b'nr de the, 18G8 ;
L'amour et son carquois, 1808 ; Les ju-
meaux de Bergame, 1808 ; Le carnaval d'un
merle Wane, 1808 ; Gandolfo, 1809 ; Deux
portieres pour uu cordon (with Hen.' and
Legouix), 1809 ; Le Rajah do Mysore,
18G9 ; Le beau Dunois, 1870 ; Le testament
de M. de Crac, 1871 ; Le ttarbicr de Trou-
ville, 1871 ; Sauvons la caisse, 1872 ; Les
ri'nf vierges, 1872 ; La filln de madame An-
got, 1873 ; Gtr<>/l(-Girofii\, 1874 ; Les Pros
Saint-Gervais, 1874 ; Le pompon, 1875 ; La
]></ He mariee, 187G ; Kosiki, l.S'G ; La Mar-
jolaine, 1877 ; Le jx'lit Due, 1878 ; Camur./n,
1878 ; La petite Mademoiselle, 1879 ; Le
grand Casimir, 1879; La jolie Persane.
1880 ; Le Marquis de Windsor, 1880 ; Jannt.
1881 ; La roussotte, Le jour et la nuit, Le
cceur et la main, 1882 ; La princesse des



Canaries, 1883 ; L'oiseau bleu, 1884 ; Plutus,
1880 ; Les grenadiers de Mont-Cornette,
1886 ; Ali Baba, 1887 ; La voliure, 1888.
Les fantoccini, ballet-pantomime, for piano-
forte ; a gavotte, and Les miettes, 20 char-
acteristic pieces for pianoforte ; Songs ; La
Chapelle au Convent, a collection of sacred
songs (1885) ; Arrangement of Rameau's
Castor et Pollux, 1877. Fetis, Supplement,
ii. 88 ; Riemauu ; Grove ; Mendel ; do., Er-
ganz., 211.

LE COUPPEY, FELIX, born in Paris,
April 14, 1814, died there, summer, 1887.
Pianist and didactic writer, pupil at the
Paris Conservatoire of Dourlen ; at the age
of fourteen took the first prize for piano-
forte, and two years later for harmony. He
was instructor at the Conservatoire in
1828-43, and succeeded Dourlen as pro-
fessor of harmony in 1843. Works: Chants
du cceur, etudes, and other pieces for pi-
anoforte ; Cours de piano elementaire et
progressif. He published also De 1'en-
seignement du piano, couseils aux jeunes
professeurs (1805). Fetis ; Mendel ; Rie-
rnann.

LEDENT, FELIX tfTIENNE, born at
Liege, Nov. 20, 1809, died there at the end
of 1880. Pianist, pupil of Jules Jalheau at
the Conservatoire of his native city, where
he won the first prize in 1832, afterwards
pupil of Daussoigne-Mehul in composition ;
won the second prix de Rome in 1843, and
was appointed professor of pianoforte at the
Conservatoire in 1844. Order of Leopold.
Works: Adagio and rondo for pianoforte
and orchestra ; Pianoforte pieces, and many
vocal melodies. Fetis, Supplement, ii. 90.

LEDERER, JOSEPH, born at Ziemets-
hausen, Wiirtemberg, in 1733, died at
Ulm, October, 1796. Dramatic and church
composer, and writer on music. He was
canon in the Order of Augustin Friars, and
professor of theology in the Convent of St.
Michael at Ulm. Works : Die jugendlichen
Rekruten, opera, 1781 ; Etwas aus China,
operetta, 1777 ; Gesang auf den frohen
Liebesbund, and other cantatas ; masses ;



i:



LEDESMA



Te Denm ; Stabat Mater ; Magnificats,
psalms, and other church music ; Collec-
tion of preludes, minuets, trios, sonatas,
and airs for organ. Fetis ; Mendel ; Ger-
ber ; Schilling.

LEDESMA, MARIANO RODRIGUEZ
DE, born at Saragossa, Spain, Dec. 17,
1779, died in Madrid in 1847. Dramatic
singer and church composer ; studied music
while chorister in the Cathedral of Sara-
gossa, went to Madrid in 1804 as tenor
singer at the Opera, and in 1806 was ap-
pointed singer of the royal chapel. The
French invasion of Spain, in 1810, caused
him to go to England, where he became
vocal instructor to Princess Charlotte,
daughter of the Prince of Wales. In 1815
he returned to Madrid, was made royal
chamber-singer, and in 1836 director of
the court chapel. Works : 3 masses ; Re-
quiem ; Stabat Mater ; Motets and other
church music ; Divertissements for piano-
forte and flute ; Pieces for pianoforte ; Airs
for bass voice ; Spanish and German songs.
Fetis ; Mendel.

LEDESMA, NICOLAS, born at Grisel,
Aragon, July 10, 1791, died at Bilbao, Jan. 4,
1884. Organist and church composer ; stud-
ied singing and the elements of music while
chorister at the Cathedral of Tarragona ;
later pupil at Saragossa of Ramon Ferreuac
on the organ and in composition. At the
age of sixteen years he was appointed organ-
ist and choirmaster to the chapter of Borja,
in 1809 organist and instructor at Tafalla in
Navarra, and in 1832 director of the church
music and instructor at Bilbao, a position
which he still held in 1862. Works: 8
masses with orchestra ; Miserere ; Stabat
Mater for three voices with string quartet ;
Psalms ; Motets ; 6 sonatas for organ ; Col-
lection of church music for organ. Fetis ;
Mendel.

LEDUC, ALPHONSE, born at Nantes,
March 9, 1804, died in Paris, June 17, 1868.
Pianist and virtuoso on the bassoon, the
flute, and the guitar ; pupil of his father,
then at the Paris Conservatoire of Reicha in



harmony. He obtained the second prize
for bassoon in 1825 ; went back in 1826 to
Nantes, where he studied pianoforte under
Rheiu. In 1841 he established a music
business in Paris, which is still carried on
by his son. Works : 26 pieces for organ ;
9 collections of etudes ; 328 pieces for pi-
anoforte ; 632 do. of dance music ; 13 do.
for bassoon, 52 for guitar, and 38 for flute ;
94 romances et melodies for 1-3 voices ;
Method for pianoforte. Fetis, Supplement,
ii. 91 ; Mendel, Ergiinz., 211.

LEDUC, SIMON, born in Paris in 1748,
died there in 1787. Violinist, pupil of Ga-
vinu's. He was one of the conductors of
the Concerts Spirituels. Works : 6 sym-
phonies for orchestra ; Concertos for violin
with orchestra ; Symphonic concertaute for
2 violins ; 2 collections of sonatas for violin,
with viola, bass, or pianoforte ; Sonata for
violin, with bass.- Fetis ; Mendel.

LEE, GEORGE ALEXANDER, born in
London in 1802, died there, Oct. 8, 1851.
He appeared as a tenor singer at the Dub-
lin Theatre in 1825, and at the Haymarket,
London, in 1826 ; later became a music-
lealer ; gave English operas at the Totten-
ham Street Theatre in 1829 ; became lessee
of Drury Lane Theatre in 1830 ; managed
Lenten oratorios at Drury Lane and Covent
Garden in 1831 ; was director and composer
at the Strand Theatre in 1832, and at the
Olympic in 1845. Works Music to the
dramas : The Sublime and the Beautiful,
1828 ; The Invincibles, 1828 ; The Nymph
of the Grotto, 1829 ; The Witness, 1829 ;
The Devil's Brother, 1831 ; The Legion of
Honour, 1831 ; Waverley (with Stausbury),
1832 ; Love in a Cottage ; Good Husbands
make Good Wives ; Sold for a Song ; Auld
Robin Gray, composed about 1838. Songs :
Away, away to the mountain's brow, Come
where the aspens quiver, The Macgregors'
Gathering, etc. Grove.

LEE, LOUIS, born in Hamburg in 1819,
still living, 1889. Virtuoso on the violon-
cello and the pianoforte, brother of Sebas-
tian Lee ; pupil of J. N. Prell. He began



43'J



I.KK



to appear in concerts when twelve years of
age ; made concert tours in Germany and
Denmark, and then lived in Paris several
years. He went back to Hamburg to teach
music there, established chamber quartet
concerts, became first violoncellist at the
Philharmonic Society, and till 1884 was in-
structor at the Conservatorium. Works :
Music to Schiller's Jungfrau von Orleans ;
do. to Wilhelm Tell ; Symphonies ; 2 quar-
tets for strings ; Quartet, op. 10, and trio,
op. 5, for pianoforte and strings ; Sonata,
op. 9, and sonatina, op. 15, for violoncello ;
Sonata, op. 4, and sonatina, op. 13, for vio-
lin ; Duos for pianoforte and violoncello ;
Pianoforte pieces. Fetis ; Mendel ; Rie-
manu.

LEE, SEBASTIAN, born in Hamburg,
Dec. 24, 1805, died there, Jan. 4, 1887.
Violoncellist, brother of Louis Lee, pupil
of J. N. Prell ; appeared in concerts in 1830-
36 in the principal towns of Germany, at the
Theatre Italien in Paris, with Gusikow, and
in London. He was solo violoncellist at the
Opera, Paris, in 1837-68, and settled finally
in his native city. "Works : Variations, di-
vertissements, fantasias, for violoncello and
orchestra ; Variations for violoncello and
string quartet ; Duos for violoncellos ;
Method for do. Fetis ; Mendel ; Riemann.

LEEYKS. WILLIAM, born in England,
June 11, 1748, died at Wrington, Somerset,
May 25, 1828. He was rector of Wrington
from 1779, and an amateur composer of
some merit. He left much church music,
now forgotten, but is remembered as the
composer of " Auld Robin Gray," written in
1770 to the words of Lady Anne Barnard
(1750-1825). Grove.

LEFfiBURE-WKLY, LOUIS JAMES
ALFRED, born in Paris, Nov. 13, 1817, died
there, Dec. 31, 1869. Organist, son of An-
toine Lefebure-W% (1761-1831). When
eight years old was able to take his father's
place at the organ, and at fifteen succeeded
him as organist at Saint-Roch. He entered
the Conservatoire in 1832, and studied the
organ under Beuoist, pianoforte under Lau-




rent and Zimmerman, and composition under
Berton and Hale vy ; received second prizes
for pianoforte and
organ in 1834, and
the first prize for
both in 1835 ; took
private lessons in
composition of
Adolphe Adam, and
on the organ of
Sejan. For some
time he gave himself
up to teaching and
composition, retaining his position at Saint-
Roch ; was organist at the Madeleine in-
1847-58, and succeeded Sejan at Saint-
Sulpice in 1863. Legion of Honour, 1850.
His improvisations on the organ were wonder-
ful, and his bright and striking harmonies
gave peculiar charm to his playing and com-
positions. Works : Les recruteurs, opera-
comique, 1861 ; Apres la victoire, cantata,
1863 ; 3 symphonies ; Mass with orchestra ;
2 masses with organ ; a quartet and quintet
for strings ; Cautiques ; Offertoires ; An
salutaris ; Fantasias for harmonium ; Organ
music ; 50 etudes and other pianoforte
music, including Les cloches du monastere.
Fetis ; do., Supplement, ii. 92 ; Grove ;
Mendel ; Riemann.

LEFEBVRE, CHARLES ^DOUARD,
born in Paris, June 19, 1843, still living,
1889. Instrumental composer, pupil at the
Paris Conservatoire of Ambroise Thomas.
In 1870 he obtained the first prize for his
cantata, Le jugement de Dieu. Works :
Zaire, opera, given at Lille, November, 1887 ;
Judith, lyric drama ; Dalila, scenes for or-
chestra ; Symphony ; Symphonic suite ;
Pieces symphouiques ; Overtures ; Le juge-
ment de Dieu, cantata ; Psalm for chorus
with orchestra ; Chorus and a romance for
horn ; Quartet for pianoforte and strings ;
Pianoforte music and songs. Fetis, Sup-
plement, ii. 92 ; Mendel, Ergiinz., 211.

LEFEBVRE, JACQUES, born at Prenz-
low, Brandenburg, in 1723, died in Berlin
in 1777. Violinist, pupil of Graun, and of



410



LEFEBVKE



Philipp Emanuel Bach in composition. He
became first violinist in the orchestra of
Prince Henry of Prussia about 1750, later
taught music in Berlin ; was appointed chef
d'orchestre at the French theatre there in
1777, but died before he entered upon his
office. Works : Concertos, solos, duos, and
trios for violin ; Collection of odes, psalms,
and songs. Fetis ; Mendel ; Schilling.

LEFEBVRE, VICTOR LOUIS ABIE
JOSEPH, born at Lille, France, Jan. 6, 1811,
died at Douai about 1840. Pianist, pupil
at the Paris Conservatoire of Seuriot, Jeleus-
perger, and Reicha ; took the second prize
for composition in 1828, the first in 1829 ;
studied under Berton till 1832, then settled
at Douai, and taught music. Works : 2
trios for pianoforte and strings ; Quartet
for strings ; Fantasias and other pieces for
pianoforte ; Romances and melodies for
voice with pianoforte. Fetis ; Mendel.

LEFEVRE, JEAN XAVIER, born at
Lausanne, Switzerland, March 6, 17C3, died
in Paris, Nov. 9, 1829. Virtuoso on the
clarinet, pupil in Paris of Michel Yost ;
joined the band of the Guards, began in
1787 to appear in concerts, was a member
of the Opera orchestra in 1791-1817, and
professor at the Conservatoire in 1795-1825.
In 1807 he entered the imperial chapel.
Legion of Honour. Works : 6 concertos for
clarinet with orchestra ; 2 symphonies con-
certantes for clarinet and bassoon ; Concer-
tante for oboe, clarinet, and bassoon ; 2
works of quartets for clarinet and strings ;
2 works of duos for clarinets ; Duos for
clarinet and bassoon ; 6 sonatas for clarinet
and bass ; 6 trios for two clarinets and bas-
soon ; Method for clarinet, in use at the
Conservatoire. Fetis ; Mendel ; Gerber ;
Riemann ; Schilling'.

LEFEVRE, MAURICE, Belgian dramatic
composer, contemporary. Works : L'ami
Pierrot, opera-comique, text by composer,
given at the Flemish Theatre, Brussels, Oct.
9, 1887 ; Le diner de Madelou, do., text by
Desaugiers, Theatre de la Mouuaie, ib.,
March 6, 1888.



LEFEVRE, VICTOR GUSTAVE, born at
Provins (Seine-et-Marne), June 2, 1831,
still living, 1889. He entered the Paris
Conservatoire, becoming a member of Colet's
class in harmony, but remained only two
months ; was then pupil of Pierre Maleden
for ten years. He became a director in
1865 of the school for sacred music,
founded by Niedermeyer, and in 1872 took
charge of the vocal society of classical mu-
sic, also founded by Niedermeyer. Works :
Masses ; Quartets ; Music for Romeo and
Juliet. He was author also of a Traite d'har-
monie and a Traite d'accornpagnement et de
la basse chiffree. Fetis, Supplement, ii.
93 ; Mendel, Ergiiuz., 211.

LEGAT DE FURCY, ANTOINE, born
at Maubeuge (Nord), France, in 1740, died
about 1798. Organist, dramatic and in-
strumental composer, pupil in Paris of No-
blet and Rameau on the pianoforte and in
composition ; later organist at the church
Saiute-Croix de la Bretounerie and one of
the best teachers in Paris. Works Operas :
Philire ; Apollon et Daphne ; Le saut de
Leucade ; Les rendez-vous ; Le jardinier de
Sidon ; Palmyre. Cantatas : Le retour
d'Egle ; Les soupirs ; La uaissance de
Venus ; L'eloge de la voix, 6 sonatas for
two flutes ; 2 collections of duets and sev-
eral do. of airs, romances, and songs ; Le-
ons de Miuerve, romances morales ; 2 col-
lections of solfeges ; Pianoforte music.
He wrote with Laborde the treatise, Essai
sur la musique. Fetis ; Gerber ; Mendel ;
Schilling.

LEGEND OF DON MUNIO, dramatic
cantata in two parts, for solos, chorus, and
orchestra, by Dudley Buck, written in 1874.
Subject from Washington Irving's "Legend
of Don Munio Sancho de Hinojosa," in his
" Spanish Papers." It is among the best
of American compositions of its class. Per-
formed in New York for the first time at
Chickering Hall, Dec. 14, 1886, by the
Courtney pupils, with pianoforte and organ
accompaniment. Upton, Standard Canta-
tas, 103 ; Atlantic Monthly, xxxiv. 758.



LEGENDE



LEGENDE VON DER HEILIGEN
ELIZABETH, DIE (The Legend of St. Eliza-
bc'th), oratorio in two parts, text by Otto
Roquette, music by Liszt, first given at the
twenty-fifth anniversary of the Conservator-
ium at Buda-Pesth, Aug. 15, 1865. This
work, dedicated to Ludwig II. of Bavaria,
was suggested by the frescos in the Wart-
burg, painted by Moritz voii Sdnviudt, illus-
trating scenes from the history of the Saint,
daughter of King Andreas II. of Hungary,
whose life was devoted to good deeds. Char-
acters represented : Herrmann, Landgrave of
Tliuriugia ; Sophie, his wife ; Ludwig, their
sou ; Elizabeth, Ludwig's bride ; Friedrich
II. of Hoheustaufen ; a Seneschal ; and cho-
ruses of Children, Crusaders, Hungarians,
and Angels. The two parts are each divided
into three scenes corresponding to the sub-
jects in the six frescos. The themes are
mostly from Hungarian folk-songs. The
oratorio was given at Weimar, June 11,
1871, under Liszt's direction ; first time in
London, Feb. 24, 1870 ; in Brooklyn, Nr\v
York, Feb. 28, 1884. Published by Kahut
(Leipsic, 1873). Pohl, Liszt, 331 ; Allgem.
inus. Zeitg. (18G5), 595, G64 ; Mus. Woch-
enblatt (1871), 412 ; Athenreum (1876), i.
337 ; Upton, Standard Oratorios, 180.

LEGENDEN (Legends), for the piano-
forte for four hands, by Anton in Dvorak, op.
51), dedicated to Eduard Hanslick. Part 1 :
L Allegretto, in D minor ; II. Holto mode-
rate, in G ; III. Allegro giusto, in G minor ;
IV. Molto maestoso, in C ; V. Allegro giusto
in A -Hat ; Part 2 : VI. Allegro con rnoto, in
C ; YIL Allegretto grazioso, in A ; VIII.
Un poco allegretto c grazioso, in F ; IX.
Andante con moto, in D ; X. Andante, in B-
flat. Published by Simrock (Berlin, 1881).

LfiGERES HIRONDELLES. See
Mignon.

LEGNANI, LUIGI, born in Milan in
1790, died at Geneva after 1835. Virtuoso
on the guitar, appeared in concerts in
1819-25 with great success, then settled in
Geneva as instructor. Works : Terramoto
con variazioui, solo for guitar ; Variations



for guitar, pianoforte, and strings (with Lei-
desdorf) ; Duos for guitar and flute ; 30
works of exercises, rondos, caprices, and va-
riations ; Method, op. 250. Fetis ; Mendel ;
Schilling.

LEGOUIX, ISIDORE EDOUARD, born
in Paris, April 1, 1834, still living, 1889.
Dramatic composer, pupil at the Conserva-
toire of Henri Reber ; received first prize
for harmony in 1855 ; as pupil of Ambroise
Thomas obtained second prize for fugue iu
1856, and honourable mention for the prix
de Rome in 1860. Works Operas : Url
Othello, given in the Theatre des Champs-
Elyse'es, 1863 ; Le lion de Saint-Marc,
atre Saint-Germain, 1864 ; Malbroug
va-t-en guerre (with Bizet, Leo Delibes, am.
Jonas), Athenee, 1867 ; Les deruieres gri
settes, Brussels, Fautaisies Parisiennes_
1874. Operettas : Ma fille, Dolassemeuts Co
rniques, Paris, 1866 ; Le veugeur, Athern'Og
1868 ; Le inariage d'uue etoile, Bouffe u
Parisieiis, 1876 ; Quinolette ; La clef d'ar_
gent ; La tartane ; Madame Clara sounam g
bule, Palais Royal, 1877 ; Deux portiere.
pour uu cordon (with Herve and Lecoci^
under the collective pseudonym of Alciiu
dor), ib., 1869 ; Romances and melodic
for voice. Fetis, Supplement, ii. 94.

LEGRENZI, GIOVANNI, born at Clu[
sone, near Bergamo, about 1625, died i^
Venice in July, 1690. Dramatic and churcl_
composer, pupil of Pallaviciuo ; became 01,
ganist of S. M. Maggiore in his native cit\^
then maestro di cappella of the churc ir
dello Spirito Santo at Ferrara, and iu 03'
after 1664 director of the Conservatorio d<j
Mendicant! at Venice, where he was alsc.
from 1685, maestro di cappella at Sa^.
Marco, the orchestra of which he conside
ably enlarged and improved. His oper;j g
show a marked progress over those of h^
predecessors, especially in the instrument^
tion. He was the master of Lotti. Worl^ .
Operas: Achille in Sciro, Venice, 166 jj!
Zenobia e Radamisto, 1665 ; Tiridate, 106! j
Eteocle e Poliuice, and La divisione d ir _ j
mondo, 1675 ; Adoue in Cipro, and Ge



,,,

18



LEIIMANN



ruanico sul Reno, 1G76 ; Totil.i, 1677 ; Au-
tioco il Grande, II Creso, and Pausauia,
1681 ; Ottaviano Cesare Augusto, and Lisi-
macco ricamato da Alessandro, 1682 ; I due
Cesari, Giustino, and L'anarchia dell' im-
pero, 1683 ; Public Elio Pertinace, 1684.
Concerto di niesse e salmi a 3 e -i voci (Ven-





ice, 1654) ; Motetti a 2, 3 e 4 voci (1655) ;
do. a 5 voci (1660) ; Sacri e festivi con-
certi, messe e salmi a due cori (1657) ; Sen-
timenti devoti a 2 e 3 voci (1660) ; Com-
plete con litanie ed antifoue, etc., a 5 voci
(1662) ; Cantate a voce sola (1674) ; Idee
arrnoniche a 2 e 3 voci (1678) ; Echi di re-
verenza, 14 cantate a voce sola (1679) ; Mo-
tetti saeri a voce sola con tre stromenti
(1692) ; Suouate per cbiesa (1655) ; Suouate
da cliiesa e da camera a tre (1656) ; do. a 2,
3 e 4 voci (1793) ; Una muta di suonate
(1664) ; Suonate a 2 violini e violone
(1667) ; La cetra, suouate a 2, 3 e 4 stro-
menti (1673) ; Suonate a 2 violini e violon-
cello (1677). FtJtis ; Mendel; Gerber ;
Schilling ; Eiemann.

LEHMANN, FBI ED RICH ADOLF,
Freiherr VON, born at Meissen in 1768, died
atHalle, Jan. 11, 1841. Amateur pianist and
instrumental and vocal composer. Till the
time of Schubert his songs were the most
appreciated. Works : 6 marches for grand
orchestra ; Marches and variations for piano-
forte ; Part-songs for 3-4 voices ; Many
songs. Fotis ; Gerber ; Mendel ; Schilling.

LEHMANN, JOHANN GOTTLIEB, born
at Ponsdorf, near Finsterwalde, Prussia,
Jan. 26, 1821, still living, 1889. Vocal
composer and didactic writer, pupil of
Heutschel at the seminary at Weissenfels
in 1838-40 ; for fourteen years school-
master and music teacher in different
places, and finally appointed instructor in
the seminary at Elsterwerda. He is an
esteemed contributor to musical papers.



Works : Christus, oratorio ; Chorals ; Sa-
cred part-songs ; Songs for schools. Sev-
eral theoretical works. Mendel.

LEIBROCK, JOSEF ADOLF, born at
Brunswick, Jan. 8, 1808, died iu Berlin,
Aug. 8, 1886. Violoncellist, pupil of Con-
zertmeister Maucourt on the violin, of Gi'>-
deke on the violoncello, and of Zinkei-
sen in theory. On the point of taking
up the study of theology at the univers-
ity, he accepted a position as violoncellist
in the court orchestra at Brunswick, which
he resumed after having conducted the the-
atre at Ratisbou in 1830. Works : Music to
Schiller's Die Rauber, and to several melo-
dramas ; Overtures; String quartets, pi-
anoforte music, and songs. He published
Musikalische Akkordenlehre (1875). Fc-
tis ; Mendel ; Riemanu.

LEICESTER, cm le chateau de Kenil-
worth, French opera-comique in three acts,
text by Scribe and Melesville, music by Au-
ber, represented at the Opera Comique,
Paris, Jan. 25, 1823. Subject from Walter
Scott's romance. The opera had but little
success. Published by Haslinger (Vienna,
1840). Allgem. mus. Zeitung, xxis. 20.

LEIDESDORF, MAX JOSEF, born in
Vienna in 1780, died in Florence, Sept. 26,
1839. Pianist and instrumental composer,
settled in Florence after 1827. Works :
Esther, oratorio for 4 voices, with chorus
and orchestra ; Quintet for pianoforte and
strings, op. 66 ; Quartet do., op. 123 ; Trio
do., op. 70 ; Rondeau brillant, for piano-
| forte, strings, flute, and clarinet, op. 128 ;
Sonatas for pianoforte and violin ; Con-
certos, sonatas, variations, fantasias, and
other pieces for pianoforte. Futis ; Men-
del ; Wurzbach.

LEIDGEBEL, AMANDUS LEOPOLD,
born at Guhrau, Dec. 26, 1816, died in
Berlin, September, 1886. Pianist and or-
ganist, studied music in Breslau, and settled
in 1843 in Berlin, where he completed his
course of composition under Marx, and be-
came a successful teacher. Works : Quintet
for pianoforte and strings ; Quartet, do.;



443



LEIGIITOX



Sonatas for pianoforte and violin ; Duos,
sonatas, caprices de concert, and other
pieces for pianoforte ; Several collections
of songs. Fetis, Supplement, ii. 95 ; Men-
del.

LEIGHTON, Sir WILLIAM, English
composer of the IGth and 17th centuries.
He lived in London, and was one of the
Gentlemen Pensioners of Elizabeth and
James I. Works : The Teares or Lamen-
tacions of a Sorrowfull Soule ; Composed
with Musicall Ayres and Songs both for
Vovces and Divers Instruments (1G14), a
collection of 54 psalms and hymns. Only
the first 8 are by Leightou, the other con-
tributors being Byrd, Bull, Dowlaud, Ford,
Orlando Gibbous, Giles, Hooper, Wilbye,
Weelkes, and Milton. Grove ; Fetis.

LEITERT, JOHANN GEORG, born in
Dresden, Sept. 29, 1852, died there, Dec. 11,
1883. Virtuoso on the pianoforte, pupil of
Kriigen and Reichel, and in harmony of
Rischbieter ; afterwards in Rome pupil of
Liszt. He played with success in a concert
in Dresden before attaining his thirteenth
year, and was soon after invited to play
in the Gewandhaus, Leipsic. He went to
England in 1867, to Weimar in 1869, and
followed Liszt to Rome, where he spent two
winters (1869-70), winning applause in sev-
eral concerts. He returned to Dresden in
1871, and with Wilhelmj made a brilliant
concert tour through Germany, Poland,
and Russia in 1872. His compositions are
mostly salon pieces in the modern style.
Mriulel; Riemanu.

LEJEAL, ALOIS FRANCIS, born in
Hageuau, Alsace, Jan. 15, 1840, still living,
1889. Pianist, pupil of his uncle Ignatius
Garner, and in composition of M. E. Sachs
in Munich. He went to America and in



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