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1862 was settled in New York where, in
connection with Edward Mollenhauer and
S. N. Griswold, he founded the New York
Conservatory of Music. In 1870 he re-
turned to Europe, but again went to Amer-
ica and in 1875 settled in San Francisco,
where he has since resided. Works : Mass 1




in D, for mixed voices, organ accompani-
ment ; Mass in A ; Mass in E-flat ; Ave
Maria ; Te Deum in D ; Requiem for mixed
voices and organ ; Suite of Wedding Mu-
sic, for violin and pianoforte ; Wedding
March, Twilight, Gavotte, Devotion, Fan-
tasma, Scherzo, and other pieces for the
pianoforte. He is author also of The Mod-
ern School of Piano Technics ; Preparatory
Piano Method.

LEJEUNE, CLAUDE (Claudin), born at
Valenciennes about
1530, died between
1598 and 1603. Con-
trapuntist, not to be
confounded with
Claude de Sermisy ;
was probably not in
France in 1572, since
he was a Huguenot,
yet escaped the mas-
sacre of St. Bartholomew, but in 1581 was
at the court of Henri III., and wrote music
for the wedding of the Due de Joyeuse.
There is a story that during the siege of
Paris, in the wars of the League, he at-
tempted flight, carrying all his manuscript
compositions with him, but was captured by
the Catholic soldiery and would have seen
his works burned if a Catholic musician,
Jacques Muuduit, had not rescued them and
helped him to escape. He entered the ser-
vice of Henri IV. and was granted the title
of composer of the king's chamber music.
He enjoyed a great reputation among his
French contemporaries. Works : Livre de
melanges (Antwerp, 1585, Paris, 1607) ;
Recueil de plusieurs chansons et airs nou-
veaux (Paris, 1594) ; Dodi'cacorde coutenant
douze psaumes de David (La Rochelle, 1598,
Paris, 1608 and 1618) ; Le Printemps
(Paris, 1603) ; Missa (ib., 1607) ; Psaumes
de David (ib., 1607-8) ; Psaumes de Marot
et de Theodore de Bt-ze (La Rochelle, 1608,
and many later editions in different coun-
tries), having been almost universally used
in Calvinistic churches ; Airs (Paris, 1608) ;
Octouaires de la vauitc et iucoustance du



LE JOUR



monde (ib., 1C10) ; Second livre des ines-
langes (ib., 1G12, Antwerp, 1617). Fetis ;
Mendel, vi. 289 ; Ambros, Gescb., iii. 343 ;
Burney, Hist., iii. 46, 265 ; Hawkins, Hist.,
iii. 204, 454.

LE JOUR BAISSE ET MA MfcRE. See
Le Prophtte.

LELIO, OU LE RETOUR A LA VIE.
See /pisode de la vie d'un artiste.

LEMAIRE, CHARLES, born iu Paris in
the second half of the 17th century, died
there in 1704. Vocal composer, member of
the chapel of Louis XIV. in 1669-1702.
Works Cantatas for solo voice : Les quatre
saisons ; Le sacrifice d'ainour ; Endymion ;
La Constance ; Le retour du printemps.
Collection of motets for 1-2 voices, with
basso contimio ; Collection of songs. Fe-
tis ; Mendel ; Schilling.

LE MIEN, DIT-IL. See Guillaume Tell.

LEMIERE DE CORVEY, JEAN FRE-
DERIC AUGUSTE, born at Renuesin 1770,
died in Paris, April 19, 1832. Dramatic
composer ; studied music in his native town,
served in the republican army, and iu 1792
went to Paris, where he took lessons in
harmony of Berton, and attracted attention
by setting a newspaper article to music.
He was appointed aide to Gen. Thiebault in
Belgium ; returned to Paris in 1794 ; fought
iu Germany in 1796-97, and was wounded ;
served through the campaigns in Prussia,
Poland, Spain, and at Waterloo, and set-
tled in Paris in 1817, but was no longer
successful in composing, and died of the
cholera. Works Operas and operettas :
Constance, 1790 ; Les chevaliers errants,
1792 ; Crispin rival, Le poeme vole, 1793 :
Scene patriotique, La reprise de Toulon,
Andros et Almona, 1794 ; Le congres des
rois (in collaboration) ; Babouc, L'ecolier en
vacances, Les suspects, La blonde et la
bruiie, 1795 ; La moitie du chemiu, 1796 ;
Les deux orphelines, La maison changee,
La paix et 1'amour, Les deux Crispins, 1798 ;
Le porteur d'eau, 1801; Henri et Felicie,
1808 ; La cruche cassee, ou les rivaux de
village, 1819 ; La fausse croisade, Le testa-



ment, 1825 ; Les rencontres (with Catrufo),
1828 ; Arrangements of several of Rossini's
operas ; Military symphony ; Pianoforte and
instrumental pieces ; Songs. Fetis ; Men-
del ; Larousse.

LEMMENS, JACQUES NICOLAS, born
at Zoerle-Parwys, province of Antwerp, Jan.
3, 1823, died at Liuterport Castle, near
Mechlin, Jan. 30, 1881. Virtuoso on the
organ and pianist, pupil of his father, and
at Diest of Van der Broeck, then (1839) at
the Conservatoire, Brussels, of Godineau on
the pianoforte ; again, in 1841, having mean-
while been for some months organist at
Diest, pupil of Michelot on the pianoforte,
of Girschner on the organ, and of Fetis in
counterpoint and fugue. He went in 1846
with a government pension to Breslau to
study under Adolf Hesse, and in 1849 be-
came professor of organ at the Conserva-
toire, Brussels. In 1857 he married the
singer Miss Sherrington, and thenceforth
lived much iu England, but in 1879 he
opened a college for training Catholic or-
ganists and choirmasters at Mechlin.
W'orks : Improvisations, sonatas, and many
other compositions (over 60), for organ ;
Te Deum ; 2 symphonies for orchestra ;
Motets and songs ; Sonatas and other pieces
for pianoforte ; licole cVorgue, in use at the
Conservatoires of Brussels, Paris, and other
cities. Fetis ; do., Supplement, ii. 97 ;
Mendel ; Riemann.

LEMOYNE, GABRIEL, born in Berlin,
Oct. 14, 1772, died in Paris, July 15, 1815.
Pianist, son of Jean Baptiste Lemoyne,
whom he followed to Paris at the age of nine
years ; pupil of Clement and Edelmann on
the pianoforte and in harmony ; made con-
cert tours in France and the Netherlands,
with the violinist Lafout, during the first
years of this century. After his return to
Paris, he devoted himself to teaching and
composition. Works : L'eutre-sol, opera
(with Piccinni), Theatre des Varietes, 1802 ;
2 operettas ; 2 concertos for pianoforte
with orchestra ; Trio for pianoforte and
strings ; Sonatas for pianoforte and violin ;



4-15



LEMOYNK



Duo for 2 pianofortes ; Sonatas, caprices,
fantasias, rondos, and other pieces for pi-
anoforte ; 4 collections of romances. Fe-
tis ; Mendel.

LEMO YNE, (JEAN BAPTISTE MOYNE)
called, born at Eyrnet (Perigord), April 3,
1751, died in Paris, Dec. 30, 179G. Dra-
matic composer ; studied music under liis
uncle, who was maitre de cliapelle of the
cathedral at Perigueux ; then acted as chef
d'orchestre in several cities of France, and
about 1770 became a pupil of Graun, Kini-
berger, and J. A. P. Schulz iu Berlin, and
was appointed assistant director of the
court theatre there. In 1775 he went to
"Warsaw, but returned to France, and after
a tour in Italy again made Paris his home,
in 1788. "Works Operas : Le bouquet do
Colette, "Warsaw, 1775 ; Klectre, Paris, 1782 ;
Plu'dre, ib., 178G ; Nephte, ib., 1789 ; Les
pretemlus, ib., 1789 ; Louis FX on figypte,
ili.. 171MI ; Les pommiers et le moulin, ib.,
1790 ; Elfridc, ib., 1792 ; Miltiade a Mara-
thon, ib., 1793 ; Toute la Greco, ib., 1794 ;
Le batelier, ou les vrais sans-culottes, ib.,
1794 ; Le compere Luc, ib., 1794 ; Le men-
songe officieux, ib., 1795 ; Nadir, ou le
dormeur eveille ; Sylvius Norva, ou la
malediction paterucllo; L'ilc des fem-
mes. Ode sur le combat d'Ouessant, in
the form of an oratorio, executed at the
Concerts Spirituels, 1778. Fetis ; Mendel ;
Schilling.

LENEPVEU, CHARLES FERDINAND,
born at Rouen, Oct. 4, 1840, still living,
1889. Dramatic composer, pupil in Paris of
August in Savard, and at the Conservatoire
(1863) of Ambroise Thomas ; received the
prix de Rome in 1875, and after his return
to Paris in 1868 continued the study of
counterpoint and fugue under Alexis Chau-
vet. Works : Le Florentin, opera, given at
the Opera Comique, 1874 ; Velleda, opera ;
Reuaud dans les jardius d'Armide, cantata,
1866 ; Requiem, 1871 ; Pianoforte music.
Fetis, Supplement, ii. 99.

LENOBLE, JOSEPH, born at Mann-
heim, Sept. 1, 1753, died at Brunoy, near



Paris, Dec. 15, 1829. Dramatic composer,
pupil of his father, who was a musician in
the service of the Elector, and of Canna-
bich ; went to Paris in 1784. Works :
Lausus et Lydie, opera (with Mehul) ;
L' Amour et Psyche, opera-ballet ; Joad,
oratorio, performed at the Concerts Spiritu-
els, 1784 ; Septets and quartets for strings ;
Sonatas for pianoforte. Fetis.

LENORA, cantata, text by John Oxen-
ford, music by George Alexander Macfarren,
first given at the Royal Academy, London,
July 3, 1852 ; by the Harmonic Union, Lon-
don, April 25, 1853. Miss Louisa Pyne,
Mine. Macfarren, and Herr Staudigl sang
the solos. Athenaeum (1852), 756.

LENORE SYMPHONY, in E, for or-
chestra, by Joachim Raff, op. 177, first per-
formed at a Festival in Spa in September,
1873. This is Raff's fifth and most popular
symphony. I. Liebesgliick (Allegro, An-
dante quasi Larghetto) ; II. Trennung
(March, tempo); HI. Wiedervereinigung im
Tode, Introduction and Ballad after Burg-
er's " Lenore " (Allegro). The final move-
ment describes with great skill the grotesque
ride, the dance of the spectres, and the
death of Lenore. This symphony was first
performed by the Philharmonic Society of
New York in the season of 1873-74, and at
the Crystal Palace, London, Nov. 14, 1874.
Published by Seitz (Leipsic, 1873). Athe-
nreum (1874), ii. 685 ; Grove, iii. 29G ; Up-
ton, Standard Symphonies, 209.

LENTON, JOHN, English composer of
the latter part of the 17th century, died
after 1711. He was a member of the bands
of William and Mary and of Queen Anne.
Works : The Gentleman's Diversion, or the
Violin explained (1693 ; 2d ed., entitled
The Useful Instructor on the Violin, 1702) ;
A Consort of Musick in three parts (about
1694, with Thomas Toilet) ; Overtures and
act tunes for the following plays : Venice
Preserved, 1685, The Ambitious Stepmother,
1700, Tamburlain, 1702, The Fair Penitent,
1703, Liberty Asserted, 1704, Abra Muley,
1704 ; Songs ; Revised music for earlier



446



LENTZ



editions of Pills to purge Melancholy.
Grove.

LENTZ, HEINRICH GERHARD, born
in Cologne iii 1764, died in Warsaw, Aug.
21, 1839. Pianist and instrumental com-
poser, pupil of his father, a distinguished
organist, on the pianoforte and the organ.
In 1784 he went to Paris, where he played
a concerto of his composition at the Con-
certs Spirituels ; lived in London, playing in
concerts and teaching, in 1792-95, then in
Germany as secretary to Prince Louis Ferdi-
nand of Prussia till 1802, when he went to
Halle. Soon after this he took up his resi-
dence at Lemberg, Galicia, and finally set-
tled at Warsaw, where he founded a piano-
forte factory. Works: 2 symphonies, op.
10, and in G ; 3 concertos for pianoforte,
op. 4, G, 7 ; 9 trios for pianoforte and
strings, op. C, 8 ; 9 sonatas for pianoforte
and violin, op. 1, 2, 3 ; 3 sonatas for pi-
anoforte, 2 of them with flute and bass,
1 with violin, op. 11 ; Airs varies, preludes,
and other pieces for pianoforte ; Songs. Fe-
tis ; Mendel ; Schilling.

LEO, LEONARDO, born at San Vito
d e g 1 i S c h i a v i ,
Kingdom of Na-
ples, in 1G94, died
in Naples in 1746.
He studied under
Alessaudro Scar-
latti and Fago at
the Conservatorio
d e 1 1 a P i e t a de'
Turchini, and also
probably took

counterpoint lessons of Pitoni in Rome. On
his return to Naples, after the completion of
his studies, he was appointed second master
at La Pieta ; in 1716 he was named organist
of the Royal Chapel, and in 1717 maestro
di cappella at Santa Maria della Solitaria.
A few years later he quitted La Pieta for
the Conservatorio di San Ouofrio, where
he remained for the rest of his life. His
first opera, Sofouisba, was brought out
iii 1719 with great success. In 1743 he




wrote his famous 8-voice Miserere for the
Duke of Savoy, who rewarded him with a
pension of one hundred ounces of silver.
He was probably the greatest teacher of his
day ; Jommelli and Picciuui were among
his pupils. He was also a fine organist and
violoncellist, being one of the first to intro-
duce the violoncello into Italy. His death
was very sudden ; he was found in his
room, seated with his head resting on his
clavecin, to all appearances asleep, but
really dead. To Leo, together with his pre-
decessor Alessandro Scarlatti, and his con-
temporaries Durante and Feo, belongs the
glory of founding the Neapolitan school,
which during a century gave to Europe
many of its greatest composers. In sacred
composition he rises almost to the sublim-
ity of Duraute, while he quite equals him
in purity of style and surpasses him in
charm. In opera his style is noble, simple,
and often expressively dramatic ; he knew
how to produce striking effects by the sim-
plest means.

Works : I. Operas : II gran giorno d' Ar-
cadia, sereuata a 4 voci, for the birthday
of Leopold, Archduke of Austria, 1716 ;
Diana amante, serenata for the fute of the
coutessa Dauu, vice-queen of Naples, 1717 ;
Le nozze in dausa, pastorale, given at the
house of the principe di San Nicaudra,
1718 ; Serenata in praise of Sir George
Biugh, 1779 ; Sofonisba, Naples, Teatro
Sau Bartolomeo, 1719 ; Cajo Gracco, ib.,
1720 ; Bajazette, ib., at the viceregal palace,
1722 ; Tamerlauo, Rome, 1722 ; Timocrate,
Venice, Teatro Sant' Angiolo, 1723 ; Zeno-
bia in Palmira, Naples, Teatro Sau Bartolo-
meo, 1725 ; Astianatte, ib., 1725 ; La So-
miglianza, ib., Teatro de' Fioreutiui, 172G ;
L' Orismaue, ossia gli sdegni degli amori,
ib., Teatro Nuovo, 1726 ; II trioufo di Ca-
milla, regina de' Volsci, Rome, Teatro Ca-
pranica, 1726 ; Alessandro uell' Indie, ib.,
1727 ; Giro riconosciuto, Naples, 1728 ; Ar-
gene, ib., 1728 ; La Zingara, intermezzo,
ib., 1731 ; Intermezzi for Argeue, 1731 ;
Catone in Utica, Venice, 1732 ; Aniore da



447



LEOCADIE



senno, Naples, Teatro Nuovo, 1733 ; Emira
(with intermezzi by Ignazio Prota), ib., Teatro
Sau Bartolorneo, 1735 ; La clemenza di Tito,
1735 ; Onore vince Amore, Naples, Teatro
cle' Fioreutini, 1736 ; La simpatia del san-
gue, ib., Teatro Nuovo, 1737 ; Siface, Bo-
logna, Teatro Malvezzi, 1737 ; Festa tea-
trale, Naples, 1739 ; La coutesa dell' Amore
e della Virtu, ib., 1740 ; II Medo, ib., 1740 ;
II matrimonio nascoso, ib., 1740 ; Alessau-
dro, ib., Teatro de' Fiorentini, 1741 ; De-
mofoonle, ib., Teatro Sau Carlo, 1741 ;
Andromeda, ib., ib., 1742 ; Vologeso, ib.,
1744 ; *La.finla Frascatana (posthumous, fin-
ished by Capranica), ib., Teatro Nuovo,
1744. The dates of the following are uncer-
tain, or wholly unknown : Evergete, Naples,
about 1730 (?) ; II trionfo di Camillo, ib.,
about 1735 (?) ; Le nozze di Psiche, ib.,
about 1735 (?) ; Amor vuol sofferenza, about
1740 (?) ; Artaserse, Naples, about 1740 (?);
L' Olunpiade, ib., about 1740 (?) ; Nitocri,
regina d' Egitto, ib., about 1740 (?) ; Achille
in Sciro, Turin, 174:! (?); II Pisistrate, Naples,
about 1750 (?) ; H conte, Naples, Teatro de'
Fiorentini; Alidoro, ib., ib. ; La fedelta odi-
ata, ib., ib. ; Ezio ; Lucio Papirio, dittatore,
Naples ; Arianna e Teseo, cantata teatrale.

n. Oratorios : La niorte d' Abele, in two
parts, 1732 ; Santa Elena al Calvario, in
two parts, 1733 ; Santa Chiara, in two parts;
H Santo Alessio.

ELL Church music : Messa a 4 voci, alia
Palestrina ; Messa a 4 voci ed orchestra (in
the Paris Conservatoire Library) ; Messa a 5
voci ed organo, in D, Rome, San Giaeonm
de' Spagnuoli, 1743 ; 2 Messe a 5 voci ed
orch., in F and G ; Credo a 10 voci in 2
cori ed orch. ; Credo a 4 voci ed orch.;
Dixit a 4 voci ed organo ; Disit a 5 voci ed
organo, in D ; Dixit a 5 voci, violini, viola
ed organo ; Dixit a 5 voci, violini, viola, 2
flauti, 2 clarini ed organo ; Dixit a 10 voci
in 2 cori ed orch., 1741 ; Dixit a 10 voci in
2 cori, e 2 orchestre, 1743 ; Te Deuni a 4
voci ed orch. ; Miserere a 8 voci in 2 cori, a
cappella ; Miserere a 4 voci ed organo ;
Magnificat a 4 voci, 2 violini ed organo ;



Magnificat a 5 voci ed orch. ; Lezione per
il mercoledi, il giovedl ed il venerdl della
settimana santa ; Responsorj a 4 voci, for
San Antonio in Padua ; Responsorj a 4 voci
per il mercoledi, il giovedl ed il venerdl
della settimana santa ; Cantata per il glori-
oso Sau Viiiceuzo Ferrari, o sia rnotetto a
5 voci con stromeuti ; Cantata peril miracolo
del glorioso San Gennaro a 5 voci e grande
orchestra ; Motetto, Jam surrexit dies glo-
riosa, a 5 voci ed orch. ; Motetto a 2 cori,
1736 ; Pange lingua, a 4 voci, 1744 ; Chris-





tus, a 2 cori, in D ; Christus, alia Palestrina,
in G ; Tu es sacerdos, a 4 voci ; Tantum
ergo, a 4 voci ; Alleluia, a 4 voci ; Laudate
pueri, a 2 soprani con coro ; Ave maris Stella
per voce di soprano, 2 violini, viola ed or-
gano (Paris, Porro).

IV. Instrumental : Toccatas for clavecin ;
2 books of fugues for organ ; Six concertos
for violoncello, with 2 violins, viola, and
bass, 1737-38 ; 6 books of solfeggj for the
Conservatorio di San Onofrio ; 2 books of
partimeuti (figured basses) for the same
school ; 56 airs in scoi'e, with instruments,
duets, trios, etc. Villarosa, Mernorie dei
compositor! di musica del regno di Napoli,
101 (Naples, 1840) ; Fetis.

LEOCADIE, drame lyrique in three acts,
text by Scribe and Melesville, music by
Auber, first represented at the Opera Co-
mique, Paris, Nov. 4, 1824. Clement et
Larousse, 399.

LEOLINE. See L'Ame en peine.

LEONARD, HUBERT, born at Bellaire,
near Liege, April 7, 1819, still living, 1889.
Violinist, pupil of Rouma, and at the Paris
Conservatoire of Habeneck ; became violin-
ist at the Theatre des Variutes, then at the
Opera Comique, and later at the Opera.
He left the Conservatoire in 1839, made
concert tours in 1844-48, and in the latter
year succeeded de Beriot as first professor
of violin at the Brussels Conservatoire.



LEON



He married the singer Autouia Sitcher de
Meudi in 1851, and the two made success-
ful professional tours iu France, Holland,
Denmark, Sweden, Norway, and Russia.
Resigning his position in Brussels in 18GG,
he lived in Paris and was much sought as a
teacher. Works : C sonatas and Le Trille
du Diable by Tartiui, harmonized from the
original figured bass ; 5 concertos with or-
chestra ; G concert pieces for violin and
pianoforte ; Serenade for 3 violins ; Concert
duet for 2 violins ; Valse caprice ; Fanta-
sias ; Petits morceaux caracteristiques ; GO
duets for violin and pianoforte on opera
airs ; 4 duets with pianoforte (with Litolff ) ;
4 do. with violoncello (with Servais) ; 5 mel-
odies of Wagner for violin and pianoforte ; 24
etudes classiques ; 24 etudes harmoniques ;
Gymnastique du violouiste ; Petite gymnas-
tique du jeune violoniste ; Ecole Leonard ;
L'aucienue ccole italienne. Fetis ; do., Sup-
plement, ii. 100 ; Mendel ; Riemanu, 518.

LON DE SAINT-LUBIN. See Suinl-
Lubiu.

LEONHARD, JULIUS EMIL, born at
Laubau, Prussian Silesia, June 13, 1810,
died iu Dresden, June 23, 1883. Pianist,
first instructed by his father, then entirely
self-taught, chiefly from the works of Al-
brectsberger, while studying at the Univer-
sity of Breslau. In 1831 he went to Leip-
sic, where he appeared iu the Gewaudhaus
concerts, and at a later period (1845), hav-
ing spent the year of 1841 in his native
town, produced with great success several
of his compositions iu the Gewaudhaus. In
1852 he was appointed professor of piano-
forte at the Couservatorium in Munich, and
held the same position in Dresden iu 1859-
73. Works : Johannes der Tiiufer, oratorio ;
3 church cantatas for chorus and orchestra ;
Symphony ; Overture to Oehlenschlager's
Axel und Walburg ; Quartet for pianoforte
and strings; 3 trios for do.; 2 sonatas for
pianoforte and violin ; Pianoforte pieces ;
Part-songs, and songs. Mendel.

LEONI, LEONE, born about 15GO, died
(?). He became maestro di cappella of the



Cathedral of Vicenza, and was one of the
musicians who dedicated a collection of
psalms to Palestriua in 1592. Works :
Madrigali (1588, 1595, 1598, 1G02) ; Mo-
tetti a sei voci (1603) ; Motetti a due, tre
e quattro voci (1G06, 1608, 2d ed. as Sacri
Fiori, 1G09-10) ; Motetti a otto voei (1608) ;
Motetti a uua, due e tre voci (1609, 1611) ;
Omnia psalmodia solemuitatum octo vocuni
(1613) ; Prirna parte dell' aurea corona
ingemmata d' armonici coucerti (1615) ;
Madrigals and motets in several collec-
tions. Futis ; Riemauu ; Mendel ; Schil-
ling.

LEONORE. See Fidelio.

LEONORE, on 1'amour conjugale, opera-
coinique, in two acts, text by Jean Nicolas
Bouilly, music by Gaveaux, represented at
the Opera Comique, Paris, Feb. 19, 1798 ;
Italian version, music by Ferdinaudo Paer,
Dresden, Oct. 3, 1804. The text is the
same as that of Beethoven's Fidelia.

LEONORE, overtures by Beethoven,
written for the opera Leonore, or Fidelio.
Beethoven wrote at different times four
overtures for this opera, of which three, all
in C, are known respectively as Leonore
No. 1, No. 2, and No. 3, and the fourth in E,
as Fidelio. No. 1, op. 138 (posthumous),
was written for a performance of the opera
at Prague in May, 1807, which never came
<>fl'. It was rehearsed by a small orchestra
at Prince Lichnowsky's, but was pronounced
too light ; first performed from MS. in Vien-
na, Feb. 7, 1828. Published by Haslinger
(Vienna, 1832). No. 2, op. 72, written for
a production of the opera on Nov. 20, 1805,
was too difficult for the wind instruments.
Moscheles says this is the cleverest, and
best characterizes the subject. Published
by Breitkopf & Hartel (Leipsic, 1842, 1854).
No. 3, op. 72, written for representation of
Fidelio in Vienna, March 29, 1806, is a con-
densed and improved version of No. 2, but
was deemed too long and too difficult for
the strings. Published by Breitkopf it Har-
tel (1810). No. 4, Fidelio, op. 72, in E
was written for the second and final revision



449



LE PE11FIDE



of the opera, and was first played, May 2G,
1814. Published by Breitkopf & Hiirtel
(1804). Breitkopf & Hiirtel, Beethoven
Werke, Serie 3, Nos. 2, 3, 4, and 9. These
four overtures were performed under Men-
delssohn's direction at the Gewandhaus,
Leipsic, Jan. 11, 1840. Various arrange-
ments have been made for pianoforte for
two, four, and eight hands, and for string-
quartet and quintet. Thayer, Verzeich-
niss, 64 ; Marx, Beethoven, i. 310 ; ii. 44G ;
Lenz, Beethoven, vol. ii., part 3, 14'J; Not-
tebohm, Beethoveniana, CO ; Schindler, 127 ;
Schumann, Gesammelte Schriften, ii. 147,
274.

LE PEEFIDE RKNATD ME IT IT.
See Annulc et llenaud.

LE PR E YOST, KTIKXXE ALEXAX-
DRE, born at Treviso, Nov. 25, 1812, died
in Paris, Dee. T.l, 1S74. Organist, pupil in
Paris of Poiricr-Lataille and at the school
founded by Choron ; studied at the Conser-
vatoire in 1832-33 under Fetis, Hale vy, and
Berton. Ho was organist successively of
the churches of Saint-Paul, Saint-Louis,
Saint-Merry, Saiiit-Kustache, and from 1844
of Saint-Roch. Works: Masses; Are
Maria ; Domine salvum fac regem ; Adore-
nius ; Organ music; Le reveur eveille,
opera, Paris. ISIS; Hull,- dans Irs bois, a
cantata; Overtures, choruses, etc. 1'Vtis;
do.. Supplement, ii. 102 ; Mendel.

LE RAPEDE ET LKGER XAYIKK.
Si e li'Africaine.

LESCHETITZKY, THKODOR, born at
Lemberg, Galicia,
in 1831, still living,
1880. Pianist ; his
playingattraetcd at-
tention in Vienna in
1845. He was for
some time professor
at the Conserva-
tory in St. Peters-
burg, and in 1878
settled in Vienna as
a private teacher. In 1880 he married his
pupil, Annette Essipoff. He has frequently





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visited England. Works : Die erste Falte,
opera, given in Prague, 18C7, Wiesbaden,
1881; Pianoforte music; Songs. Fetis,
Supplement, ii. 103 ; Grove ; Mendel,
Ergiinz., 214 ; Riemann.

LESLIE, HENRY (DAVID), born in Lon-
don, June 18, 1822,
still living, 1889. He
studied under Charles
Lucas in 1838, and for
some years played vio-
loncello at the Sacred
Harmonic Society and
elsewhere ; became
honorary secretary of
the Amateur Musical
Society in 1847, and

was its conductor in 1855-G1. In 1855 he
formed the choir bearing his name, which
took the first prize at the international com-
petition of choirs in Paris in 1878 ; was
made conductor of the Herefordshire Phil-
harmonic Society in 18G3, took charge in
18C4 of the National College of Music, an
institution that did not live long, and from
LS74 acted as director of the Guild of Ama-
teur Musicians. He has the reputation of
being one of the most successful choir train-
ers England has ever produced. Works :
M.I. opera, Covent Garden, 18G4 ; Romance,
or Bold Dick Turpin, operetta, 1857 ; Irn-
manuel, oratorio, 1855 ; Judith, do., Bir-
mingham Festival, 1858 ; Holyrood, can-
tata, I860 ; The Daughter of the Isles, do.,



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