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cited great discussion, and was used in
many German cities and in the Conserva-
toire of Paris. Works : Concerto for piano-
forte ; Sonatas and other pianoforte music ;
Trios with flute and violoncello ; Ode on





.

the fiftieth year of the reign of George HI.,
1809 ; A Complete Introduction to the

'?



LOC:ROSCIN<>



Keyed Bugle. He was author also of an
explanation and description of the royal
patent chiroplast or hand-director for piano-
forte (181G) ; The First Companion to the
Royal Patent Chiroplast ; Logier's Practical
Thorough-bass (1819) ; System der Musik-
wissenschaft und der rnusikalischeu Kom-
position (1827), and other minor works on
the same subject. Allgem. d. Biogr., xix.
110 ; Mendel ; Fetis ; Grove ; Riemarm ;
Schilling ; do., Supplement, 280.

LOGROSCINO, NICCOLO, born in Na-
ples about 1700, died there in 17G3. Dra-
matic composer ; became in 1747 professor
of counterpoint at the Couservatorio del
Figliuoli Dispersi. He stood first in the
composition of opera huffa until the appear-
ance of Piccinui, and introduced the fiuali
with great effect into his works. "Works
Operas : II governatore, Naples, about 1740 ;
II veccbio marito ; Tan to bene, tanto male ;
La Yiolaute, Naples, 1741 ; La cimetella
correvata, ib., 1744 ; Li zite in gal era, Don
Paduano, ib., 1745 ; La costanza, ib., 1747 ;
Li dispietti d' auiore (with others), ib., 1748 ;
La fiuta Frasi-atana, ib., 1750 ; Giunio
Bruto, ib., about 1750 ; Lo cicisbeo, ib.,
1751 ; La Grisclda, ib., 1752 ; Elmira gi-
nerosa, with others, ib., 1753 ; Le Chiajese
cantarine, ib., 1754 ; Rosmonda, ib., 1755,
with others. Fetis ; do., Supplement, ii.
121 ; Mendel ; Riemann.

LOHENGRIN, romantic opera in three
acts, text and music by Richard Wagner,
first represented at Weimar, Aug. 28, 1850,
with the following cast :

Lohengrin (T.) Herr Beck.

Telramuud (Bar.) Herr Milde.

Konig Heinrich (B.) Herr Hofer.

Elsa von Brabant (S.) Frl. Agthe.

Ortrud (S.) Frl. Faisstlinger.

The date chosen for the first performance
was the anniversary of the birthday of
Goethe and the day of the inauguration of
the statue to Herder. Liszt, who conducted,
had invited musical and literary friends
from all parts of Europe, and from that



night dates the success of the Wagner
movement in Germany. The scene of the
opera is laid iu Antwerp, in the first half of
the tenth century. In a meadow on the



V'^-iit-rl-S^VWS IX 1 -' >

w^^v.*^




Emil Goetz, as Lohengrin.

banks of the Scheldt, Heinrich der Yogler
(Henry the Fowler), King of Germany, as-
sembles his I Jrabai it vassals to ask their aid
in driving out the Hungarians, who had
then (,1>2(>) advanced into the middle of Sax-
ony. He finds Brabant without a ruler and
in confusion. Gottfried, son of the late
Duke, has disappeared, and Friodrich von
Telramuud, husband of Ortrud, daughter
of the Prince of Friesland, charges Elsa,
Gottfried's sister, with his death and claims
the duchy and the estates. Elsa, summoned
before the King to submit her cause to the
ordeal of the trial by battle, describes a
knight she has seen in a vision and names
him as her champion. The arena is formed,
the trumpets sound, and all await the uu-



478



LOIIEXGIUN



known knight. At last a bo.at drawn by a
swan is seen approaching on the Scheldt,
and, to the wonder of the people, Lohen-
grin lauds, and is recognized by Elsa as
the subject of her dream. Before Lohen-
grin enters the lists, Elsa promises to be
his wife and never to ask his name iior
whence he came. Lohengrin overcomes
Telramund but spares his life, and he and
Elsa are carried off in triumph. In the
second act Telramuud and Ortrud are seen
in despair on the steps of the cathedral in
which the wedding of Elsa and Lohengrin
is to take place. As the procession enters,
Elsa, moved by Ortrud's entreaties, prom-
ises to secure a reprieve for Telramuud
from the sentence imposed upon him, and
Ortrud repays her by instilling iuto her
mind suspicious of Lohengrin, whom Tel-
ramund also denouuces for sorcery ; but
the King believes in the Knight of the Swan,
and the union takes place. The scene of
the third act is the bridal chamber. Tel-
ramuud, with four of his followers, rushes
in to assassinate Lohengrin, but is struck
down by the hero. Elsa, notwithstanding
her promise, asks the fatal question, and
Lohengrin reveals that he is the son of
Parzival, Knight of the Holy Grail, and,
since this is known, must return to his
guardianship. His swau reappears, aud he
bids Elsa an eternal farewell ; but as he is
about to leave, Ortrud declares the swan to
be the lost Gottfried. Lohengrin releases
him from the enchantment, a white dove
takes the place of the swau, aud Lohengrin
sails away, leaviug Elsa to die in her
brother's arms. The text of Lohengrin
was written in 1845. The story is founded
chiefly on the Arthurian legend of the Holy
Grail, mingled with the German legeud of
the Knight and the Swan-boat, the version
of Wolfram von Eschenbach being followed
pretty closely in both. The music was
begun iu Paris, continued iu Dresden, and
finished in Switzerland iu 1849. Among
the noteworthy portions of the first act
are : Telramuud's scene iu which he im-



peaches Elsa, " Zum Sterben kam der Hi-r-
zog von Brabant ; " Elsa's relation of her
vision of the knight, "Eiusam in triibeu
Tagen ; " Lohengrin's farewell to the swan,
" Nun sei gedankt, mem lieber Schwau ; "
his injunction to Elsa before the combat,
"Nie sollst du mich befrageu ; " aud the
prayer of King Heiurich, " Mein Herr und
Gott, nun ruf ich Dich." In the second act
are : The scene between Telramund and
Ortrud, " Erhebe dich, Geuossiu meiner
Schmach ; " Elsa's love-song from the bal-
cony, "Euch Liiften, die ruein Klageu ; "
aud the bridal-procession music. Iu the
third act are : The bridal song of Elsa's
attendants, " Treulich gefiihrt, ziehet da-
hiu ; " The great love scene ; Lohengrin's
scene in which he reveals his identity with
the sou of Parzival, " In fernein Land, uu-




l? - u'w-r' ; - ^SCsj^lV'r '

p ''

; i ','?*-'<' >m'



Albani, as Elsa.

uahbar eureu Schritten ; " aud his farewell,
"O Elsa! uur eiu Jahr an deiuer Seite."
Lohengrin was given at Wiesbaden iu 1853 ;
Leipsic, Schweriu, Frankfort, Darmstadt,
Breslau, and Stettin iu 1854 ; Cologne,



47'J



LU11LE



Hamburg, Riga, and Prague iu 1855 ; Mu-
nich and Vienna in 1858 ; Berlin and Dres-
den in 185'.) ; New York, in Italian, 1874,
in German, Dec. 3, 1884 ; in London, in
Italian, Coveiit Garden, May 8, 1875, Drury
Lane, June 12, 1875 ; in Paris. May 3,
1887. Published, full and pianoforte scores,
Breitkopf & Hartel (Leipsic, 1852). Wag-
ner, Gesammelte Scbriften, is. 341 ; Liszt,
Gesauiuielte Scbriften, vol. iii., part ii., 61 ;
Joachim Raff, Die Wagnerfrage ; Eiickert,
Lohengrin ; Carl Nohriug, Wagner's Lo-
hengrin und die Berliner Kritik, etc. ;
Franz Miiller, Lohengrin uud die (Jral-
und Schwanensage ; Wolzogen, Lohengrin ;
Kastner, Wagner-Catalog, 27; Pohl, A\";iu-
uer, 59 ; Jullieu, Wagner, 84 ; Glasenapp,
Richard Wagner's Lebeu und Wirkeu, i.
301 ; Hueffer, Music of the Future, 109 ;
Edwards. The Lyrical Drama, i. 228 ;
Schurc, Le Drame musical (1886), ii. 87 ;
Neue Zeits., xxxiii. 107, 115, 118, 136, 151,
162 ; xxxvi. 37 ; xxxviii. 48 ; xl. 27 ; 1. 89,
109 ; Mus. Woehenblalt (1S70), 666 ; (1872)
9, 23; (1873), 216, 210, liTo ; (1*75), 45;
Bayreuther Mlatter i l*si;i. :M3 ; Athenaeum
(1873), i. 287 ; (1875), i. 663, 827 ; Upton,
Standard ( >peras, 261.

LOHLE, FKVN/ \\VER, born at Wii -
ensteig, Wiirtcmberg, Dec. 3, 1792, died
at .Munich, Jan. i!'.'. 1^:17. Dramatic singer
and vocal composer, pupil of his father, who
was choirmaster in the chapter convent at
Wiesensteig. He began to sing in the choir
at the age of six, continued his studies at
Augsburg, under Witschka, and from 1803
lived in Munich, as chorister in the semi-
nary and solo contralto in the court chapel.
The King of Wiirtemberg took care of his
further education, under Kapellmeister
Danzi and the tenor Krebs at Stuttgart, in
1807-9, and made him a member of the
court stage, which he left after his benefac-
tor's death, iu 1816, for an appointment at
the royal theatre in Hanover. He returned
to Stuttgart in 1818, then lived in Munich
as first tenor in 1819-33, when he became
director of the Central Singing School,



which expanded into a Conservatorium.
Works : 24 masses for 4 voices, with organ ;
24 sacred songs ; Choruses and quartets for
men's voices ; 24 school songs ; 30 part-
songs for 4-5 voices. He published All-
gemeine Anleituug zu einer Elementar-Mu-
sikschule. Fetis ; Mendel.

LOHNER, JOHANN, born iu Nurem-
berg, Dec. 21, 1645, died there, April 2,
1705. Organist and pianist, pupil of
Wecker, his brother-in-law. He appeared
as a pianist in Vienna, Salzburg, and Leip-
sic, and settled in Nuremberg as organist,
first at the Church of Our Lady, then iu that
of the Holy Ghost, and finally at St. Lo-
reuz. Works : 12 arias for voice and 2 vio-
lins (1680) ; Auserleseue Kirchen-uud Tafel-
Musik (1682) ; 44 Arieu aus der Opera von
Theseus (1688); Chr. Ad. Negeleius alto
Zions-Harfe in Melodiengebracht (169:?) ;
Trauungslust odor Erdenfreude (1697) ;
Suavissinue canonum musicalium delici;e, 3,
4, 5-8 voc. (1700). Fetis ; Gerber ; Men-
del ; Schilling.

LOLLI (LoUy), ANTONIO, born at Ber-
gamo about 1730, died in Sicily in 1S(I2.
Violin virtuoso, Conzertmeister at Stuttgart
iu 1762-73 ; then went to St Petersburg,
where he was a favourite of the Empress
Catharine II., remaining until 1778. In
1779 he appeared in Paris, then in Spain,
and hi 1785 iu London, and later iu Den-
mark and Italy. He was a performer with
extraordinary skill, but decidedly unmusical,
and was unable to read correctly, keep time,
or play with proper expression. Works :
Sonatas and concertos for violin. Grove ;
Burney, Hist., iv. 680 ; Riernann ; Fetis ;
Mendel ; Schilling ; Gerber ; Wasielewski,
Die Violiue, 131 ; Hart, The Violin, 228 ;
Dubourg, The Violin, 86.

LOMAGNE, JOSEPH, born at Perpi-
gnan in 1804, died there iu 1868. Violinist,
pupil of Coste, maitre de chapelle of the
Cathedral of Perpiguan, then of Kreutzer
at the Paris Conservatoire. After having
been solo violin at the theatres of Nimes and
Bordeaux, he returned to his native city to



ISO



; '1




LOMBAUDI



teach, and in 1842 founded a Conservatoire,
of which he was the director to the end of
his life. Works : La Maronite, opera ;
Mass for three voices ; Stabat Mater, with
soli and choruses ; Psalms, vespers, canti-
cles, etc, ; Trios and quartets for strings ;
Fautaisies and airs varies for violin ; Col-
lection of etudes for do. Fetis, Supple-
ment, ii. 121.

LOMBARDI ALLA PRIMA CROCIATA,
I (The Lombards in the First Crusade),
Italian opera in four acts, text by Solera,
music by Verdi, tirst represented at La
Scala, Milan, Feb. 11, 1843. The subject,
derived from a poem by Grossi, deals with
the Lombards in the Crusades, and is full
of assassinations and violent scenes. It was
not very successful, and Verdi rearranged
most of the music for Jerusalem. The
opera was given in Berlin in September,
1843 ; at Her Majesty's, London, March 13,
1846 ; in New York, March 3, 1847 ; and
at the Theatre Italieu, Paris, Jan. 10, 18G3.
Clement et Larousse, 408 ; Allgem. rnus.
Zeitg., xlvii. 778.

LOMBARDI, GIACOMO, born iii Parma,
Italy, in 1810, died in Naples, April, 1877.
Dramatic singer and composer, pupil at the
Naples Conservatorio of Francesco Lanza on
the pianoforte, Nozzari in singing, -and of
Zingarelli and Raimoudi in composition.
In 1828 he became first tenor at the Teatro
Fenice in Naples, and, after singing in other
Italian cities, went back to Naples, to sing
in the theatres managed by the impresario
Barbaja, but soon left the stage and settled
in Naples to teach singing. He founded a
singing society, conducted for a few years
the theatre at Lecce, and then returned
definitely to Naples, resuming his former
occupation. Works Operas : H capitano
ed il tutore, Malta ; II primo navigatore, ib.,
1829 ; Elfrida, Lecce, 1853. 23 masses, alia
Palestrina, or with orchestra ; Church mu-
sic ; Pianoforte pieces ; Songs. Fctis, Sup-
plement, ii. 122 ; Mendel, Ergiinz., 246.

LOMBARDINI, (GIUSEPPE LOM-
BARDO), called, born at Palermo in 1820,



still living, 1889. Dramatic composer, pu-
pil of Pixis on the pianoforte, of Cariiii in
harmony, and of Pietro Raimoudi in coun-
terpoint ; settled, at the age of sixteen, at
Naples, where he established a school of
singing which produced many distinguished
artists. In 1857 he became director of the
Scuola di Perfezione in the Albergo de'
Poveri, and later of the Society of Scientists,
Litterati, and Artists. Works Operas : La
sartiua e 1' usuraio, given at Naples, Teatro
Nuovo, 1853 ; Lo spaccalegna, ib., Teatro
del Fondo, 1860 ; L" albergo dell' allegria,
ib., Teatro San Carlo, 1864 ; Lida ; La zia
Teresa, operetta, given at Palermo, Teatro
San Ferdiuaudo ; Quattro mariti e due
moglie, ib. He published also two didactic
works on the art of singing. Futis, Sup-
plement, ii. 122.

LONGHURST, WILLIAM HENRY,
born in London, Oct,
G, 1819, still living,
1889. Organist and
church composer, pu-
pil, while chorister
in Canterbury Ca-
thedral, of High-
more Skeats, later of
Stephen Elvey and
Thomas Eva nee
Jones. He was ap-
pointed assistant organist of the cathedral
in 183G, and in 1873 succeeded Jones as
organist and master of the choristers. In
1875 he received the doctor's degree.
Works : David and Absalom, oratorio
(MS.) ; The Village Fair, an Alpine Idyl,
cantata for female voices ; Anthems ; Ser-
vices ; Secular vocal music. Grove.

LONGO, GIACOMO, born at Faro, near
Messina, Feb. 15, 1833, still living, 1889.
Dramatic composer, pupil at Messina of
Paolo Abbagnato and of Mario Aspa, whose
favourite scholar he became. In 18GO he
joined Garibaldi's troops as a volunteer,
and took part in the bloody encounter
at Milazzo. Having afterwards travelled
through Italy, he settled at Messina, where




LOPEZ



be founded tbe first school for choral sing-
ing, and iu 1871 became maestro tli cappella
of the Teatro Vittorio Etuanuelc. Works :
Ezzeliuo III., opera, given at Messina, 1859 ;
Cantatas, and overtures for various muni-
cipal festive occasions. Fetis, Supplement,
ii. 123.

LOPEZ (Lobo), DUARTE (Latin, Edu-
ardus Lupus), born, probably at Evora, Por-
tugal, in the latter half of the 16th century,
died in Lisbon at the age of 103 years.
Church composer and didactic writer, pupil
of Manoel blendes, mestre de capella at
the Hospital Real, and, about 1600, at the
Cathedral of Lisbon ; about half a century
later, he was appointed rector of the Setni-
nario 1'atriarcal. He formed many prom-
inent artists and composers. Works : Offi-
ciiun defunctorum (choraliter) (1G03) ; 3
books of Magnificats for -4 voices (liid.">,
Kill); Liber processiouum et stationum
ecclesiie Olyssiponensis (1G07) ; Book of
masses for 4-8, and one for 4-G voices
(1621, 1639) ; Masses for 8 and more voices
(MS.) ; Psalms, antiphons, motets, and other
church music. He published also Opuscula
musica (Antwerp, 1602). - -1'Vtis ; Gerber ;
Mendel ; Riemann ; Schilling ; Yasconcellos.

LORD, BOW THINE EAR. See ll;-r,
h"iv unser Gebet.

LORD GOD OF ABRAHAM. Sec IL-rr
Gott Abrahams.

LORD OF THE MANOR, <>pfra. text by
General John Burgoyne, music by William
-l:icksou (of Exeter), first represented at
Dniry Lane, Dec. 27, 1780, with great suc-
cess, and kept possession of the stage for
more than fifty years. Mrs. Crouch made
her debut in this opera. Hogarth, ii. 4157.

LORELEI, cantata, for soli, chorus, and
orchestra, text by Wolfgang Miiller von
Konigswinter, music by Ferdinand Hiller,
op. 75. Published by Kistner (Leipsic, be-
tween 1852-59). Hanslick, Concertwesen
in Wien, ii. 2:11.

LORELEI, romantic opera in four acts,
text by Emanuel Geibel, music left unfin-
ished by Mendelssohn at the time of his



death (1847). The parts completed are : I.
Finale to Act I., where the heroine, stand-
ing on the Loreley cliff (Lurleifels), invokes
the Spirits of the Rhine, first given in
Leipsic arid at the Birmingham Festival
(England), in an English adaptation by Bar-
tholomew, Sept. 8, 1852. It is frequently
given as concert music in Germany. Pub-
lished as op. 98, No. 27, of Mendelssohn's
posthumous works. H. Ave Maria, Scene 3,
for soprano solo and female chorus, given iu
London in 1860, published by Breitkopf it
Hiirtel ( Leipsic, 1868) ; HI. Wiuzercbor
(Vintagers' Chorus), Scene 4 (ib., 1871).
These three numbers were edited by Julius
Rietz, and published by Breitkopf it Hiir-
tel, Mendelssohn Werke, Serie 15, No. 123.
-Atheurcuin (1852), Gil, 976.

LORELEI, romantic opera in four acts,
test by Emanuel Geibel, music by Max
Bruch, op. 16, first represented at Mann-
heim, June 14, 1863 ; entirely remodelled
and given at Leipsic, Sept. 9, 1887. The
text, which is the same as that of the pre-
ceding, was given to Bruch after Mendels-
sohn's death. Published by F. E. C. Leuc-
kart (Breslau, 1864). Allgem. mus. Zeitg.
(1864), G57, 673, C95 ; Signale (1887), 785 ;
Neue Zeitg. fur Mus. (1887), 425.

LORELEY, DIE, German opera in four
acts, text by Otto Roquette, music by Emil
Naumann, first represented at the Ki'mig-
liches Opernhaus, Berlin, April 9, lss',1.
Fran Sucher appeared in the title-role, and
Herr Rothmilhl as Graf Reginald. The
last act and part of the third, which were
left unfinished by Naumann, were scored
by Albert Dietrich, of Oldenburg. Signale

389), 471.

LORELY, Finnish opera, music by Fried-
rich Pacius, represented at the Alexandra
Theatre, Helsingfors, April, 1887. Same
title, opera, text and music by Otto Fiebach,
first represented in Dantzic, April 1, 1886.
Same title, Danish opera in three acts, text
and music by Bartholdy, first represented
in Copenhagen, Oct. 26, 1887. Signale
(1887), 1095.



LORENZ



LORENZ, (KARL) ADOLF, born at Cos-
lin, Pomerauia, Aug. 13, 1837, still living,
1880. Instrumental composer and writer
on music, pupil of Musikclirektor Triest in
Stettin on the pianoforte, in harmony, and
counterpoint, and while at the university in
Berlin of Dehu in counterpoint, of Fried-
rich Kiel on the pianoforte and in composi-
tion, and of Kapellmeister Giihrich in in-
strumentation. After attaining the doctor's
degree he remained in Berlin till 18G4,
teaching ; was then called to Strasburg, to
conduct the music society, and in 180(5 be-
came director of the town music at Stettin,
where he is also organist at the St. Jaeobi-
kirche, music instructor at the Gymnasium,
and critic for the opera. Works Operas :
Die Irrungeu ; Die Namenlose ; Ingo. Otto
der Grosse, oratorio ; Stabat Mater ; Mo-
tets ; Symphony ; Festival overture ; Octet
for strings ; Trios for pianoforte and strings ;
Fugue-concerto for 2 pianofortes ; Sonatas
and other pianoforte music ; Festival songs ;
Part-songs, and songs. Mendel; Riemaun.

LORENZ, FRIEDRICH AUGUST, born
at Chemnitz, Saxony, February, 1796, died (?)
Virtuoso on the bassoon, chamber musician
of the royal orchestra in Dresden. Works ;
Variations for violin ; Adagio et rondo, for
2 violins ; Thames varies for czakan ;
Marche variee for guitar and czakan ; G so-
natas for harp and violin ; Collection of
pieces for harp ; Sonata for harp ; Theme
vane, for do. ; Songs. Fetis ; Mendel ;
Schilling.

LORENZANI, PAOLO, born in Rome in
1G40, died there, Oct. 29, 1713. Church
composer, pupil of Orazio Beuevoli, first
maestro di cappella at the Jesuits' Church in
Rome, then at the Cathedral of Messina.
He went to Paris, where his motets, per-
formed by Italian singers, found great fa-
vour with Louis XIV., returned to Italy
about 1679, lived a few years in Naples, and
then in Rome, succeeding Beretta as papal
maestro di cappella at St. Peter's in 1G90.
Works : Collection of motets for 4 voices
(Paris, 1G79) ; Magnificats for 2 choruses



(Rome, 1690) ; Psalms for 4 choruses (MS.).
Fetis ; Mendel ; Schilling.

LORENZINI, RAIMONDO, born in
Rome, first half of the 18th century, died
there, May, 1806. Organist and church
composer ; appointed, in 1751, organist at
the church of S. M. Maggiore, Rome, and
in 178G maestro di cappella. Works :
Requiem for 4 and 8 voices ; 4 motets for
3-4 voices ; O quam suavis, motet for 4
voices ; Tantum ergo, for soprano and alto ;
Salve Regiua, for soprano, alto, chorus, and
orchestra ; 11 sonatas for pianoforte ; 6 di-
vertissements for pianoforte and 2 violins ;
G notturuos for 2 clarinets, 2 horns, bassoon,
and serpent. Fetis; Mendel; Schilling.

LORENZITI, ANTONIO, born at^The
Hague in 1740, died at Nancy, Lorraine,
probably after 1783. Instrumental com-
poser, pupil of his father, a musician in the
service of the Prince of Orange at The
Hague ; later pupil of Locatelli on the vio-
lin. He was appointed maitre de chapelle
at the Cathedral of Nancy in 1767. Works :
G symphonies ; Trios for violin, alto, and
bass ; G trios for 2 violins and bass ; 6
duos for violin and viola ; About 40 quartets
for 2 violins, viola, and bass ; 6 duos concer-
tants for violins. Fi-tis ; Gerber ; Mendel ;
Schilling.

LORENZITI, BERNARDO, born at
Kirchheim, Wiirtemberg, about 1764, died
after 1813. Violinist, brother and pupil of
Antonio Loreuziti. After completing his
studies at Nancy he joined the Opera or-
chestra in Paris as second violinist in 1787,
and was pensioned in 1813. Works : 3
concertos for violin and orchestra ; Concerto
for viola and orchestra ; 3 trios for violin,
viola, and bass ; 12 variations for 2 violins
and bass ; 11 works of duos for violins ; 10
works of etudes, caprices, and airs varies
for violin ; Duos and airs varies for violin
and flute ; Method for violin. Fetis ; Ger-
ber ; Mendel ; Schilling.

LORET, CLEMENT, born at Termonde,
Belgium, in 1833, still living, 1889. Or-
ganist, pupil of his father, and of Deuefve



483



I.OKETZ



at Mons iu 1846 ; studied counterpoint un-
der Fetis and organ under Lemmens at the
Brussels Conservatoire in 1851-53. In
1855 he went to Paris, and became organ-
ist successively at the Pantheon, Suresues,
and at Notre Dame des Yietoires ; in 1857
he was appointed professor in Niederrney-
er's school of sacred music, and about the
same time organist at Saint-Louis d'Autin.
Works : Exercices d'orgue (1859) ; 24
etudes for organ ; 50 pieces d'orgue pour
messes et vepres ; L'office divin ; Methode
complete pour orgue ; Le Calvaire, ora-
torio ; Mass, with orchestra, or organ ;
Symphony ; Pianoforte concerto ; Motets ;
Organ and pianoforte music. Fetis, Sup-
plement, ii. 12.") ; Mendel, Krgiin/., 2-1*.

LORETZ, JOHN M.. born at Miihlhausen,
Alsace, in 1840, still living, 1889. Pianist,
organist, and dramatic composer ; taken
while a child to the United States, but re-
turned in 1857 and studied at the Paris
Conservatoire under Laurent, Marmontel,
Reber, and others. Returning to the United
Si ii, 3, he made his debut, as a pianist, in
1860, at the Brooklyn Philharmonic Society.
He has been organist of several churches in
Brooklyn, conductor at the Park Theatre,
New York, and bandmaster in the United
States Navy. Works : The Pearl of Bagdad,
opera, given in the Brooklyn Lyceum, 1*72 ;
Ivauhoe, do. (MS.); Symphonic overtures ;
Masses; Episcopal Church services; Sona-
tas, and other music for pianoforte. Fetis,
Supplement, ii. 12(1.

LORTZINC. (GUSTAV) ALBERT, born
iu Berlin, Oct. 23, IKii:?, died there, Jan.
21, 1851. Dramatic com-
poser, pupil of Rungen-
hagen, but as his parents
were actors and travelled
much, he had to appear on
the stage and to rely chiefly
upon himself in developing
into a good pianoforte, vio-
lin, and violoncello player.
In 1823 he married an actress and next
year wrote his first opera in Cologne. He




joined the Court Theatre company of Det-
mold in 1826 as actor, and was tenor at
the Leipsic Stadt-
theater in 1833-44.
the most successful
period of his life.
He became Kapell-
meister of the Leip-
sic theatre in 1844,
but gave up the
place the following
year, and then
earned a precarious
living by appearing
in different places
as an actor or as conductor of his own
operas. He was made Kapellmeister of the
new Friedrich-Wilhelmstadtisches Theater
in 1850, where he had to conduct farces
aud the most trivial music. To atone for
the shameful neglect and poverty he en-
dured, a splendid funeral was given him,
and a subscription was raised for his fam-
ily. He was one of the best writers of



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