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c. miic opera, and his abundant humour and
natural How of melody will long make his
works popular, though they sometimes show
the want of better training. Works Operas
and operettas ; ^/t'Paschavon Janina, given
in Cologne, 1824 ; Der Pole und sein Kind,
Scene aus Mozart's Leben, 1832 ; Die beiden
Schiitzen, Leipsic, 1837 ; Czar uud Zimnier-
mann, ib., 1837 ; Die Schatzkammcr des
Inka (1838, never performed) ; Caramo, oder
das Fischerstechen, ib., 1839 ; llans Sachs,
ib., 1840 ; Casanova, ib., 1841 ; Der Wil.t-
xchiilz, oder die Stimme tier Natur, ib.,

1843; r,i,Ji,ic, Hamburg, 1845; Der Waf-
t'l'iificlniiifi] zu Worms, Vienna, 1846; Zum

i i


Grossadmiral, Leipsic, 18-47; Regina (1848,
never performed) ; Roland's Knappen, Leip-
sic, 1849 ; Die Opernprobe, 1850 ; Eine Ber-
liner Grisette, farce ; Der Weilni.achtsabend,
vaudeville ; Music to Benedix's drama, Drei
Edelsteine ; Die Himmelfahrt Christi, ora-
torio ; Festival and other overtures ; Many
songs, unpublished. Diiringer, A. Lortzing,
sein Leben und Wirkcn (Lcipsio, 1851) ;
Allgem. d. Biogr., xix. 203 ; Neumann, Die
Componisteu der neueren Zeit, vi. (Cassel,
1854) ; Futis ; Riehl, Mus. Ch.irakterkupfe,
i. 275.

lin, June 27, 1819, still living, 1889. Pian-
ist, pupil of Ludwig Berger in 1837-39 ;
later, at the Royal Institute for Church Mu-
sic of Grell, A. "\V. Bach, and of Killitschgy,
whom in 1851 he succeeded there as in-
structor of pianoforte ; in 1858 he was ap-
pointed professor. With Adolph and Julius
Stahlknecht he established in 1847 a series
of trio-soirees, and in 1853 the three made
a concert tour in Russia with great success.
Works : Etudes ; Sonatas ; Suites ; Quar-
tets for pianoforte and strings ; Concert
pieces ; Nocturnes ; Waltzes, and other com-
positions, in all about 140 numbers. Men-
del ; Fetis ; do., Supplement, ii. 120; Rie-
mann, 534.

LOSEL, JAN JIRl, Bohemian composer
of the first half of the 18th century. He
lived in Prague, about 1724-45, as Kapell-
meister to the Prince of Luwensteiu.
Works Oratorios : Die obsiegeude Liebe
iiber die Gerechtigkeit, etc., given at Prague,
in the Church of St. Cajetan, 1724; Das
bittere Leiden Jesu, ib., 1726 ; Das be-
weinte Grab des Heilauds, 1745. Fetis ;

LOTARIO, Italian opera in three acts,
text founded on a libretto by Matteo Noris,
music by Handel, first represented at the
King's Theatre, London, Dec. 2, 1729. Char-
acters represented : Adelaide, Regiua d' I-
talia (S.) ; Lotario, Re di Germauia, ed
amante di Adelaide (C.) ; Berengario, gia
Duca di Spoleto, Re d' Italia (T.) ; Matilde,

sposa di Berengario (A.) ; Llelberto, figlio
di Borengario, ed amaute di Adelaide (A.) ;
and Clodomiro, capitano di Berengario (B.).
The MS. in Buckingham Palace is dated, at
the end, Nov. 16, 1729. The tenor, sung
first by Fabri, is the chief solo part, which
was then an innovation, the hero of opera
having previously been assigned to a so-
prano. It was given ten times during
Handel's life. Given in Hamburg under
the title of Judith, with recitatives by Tele-
mann, Nov. 27, 1732. Published by Chu-r
(London, 1729) ; Breitkopf & Hartel (Leip-
sic, 1879). Chrysander, ii. 235.

St. Heller's, Jersey, Jan. 31, 1830, still living,
1889. Organist and vocal composer, pupil
of W. T. Best, in 1851-52. He was organ-
ist of St. Matthew's, Jersey, in 184G, of St.
Saviour's, St. Luke's, and St. Mark's in 1848-
60, of St. Clement Danes, Strand, London,
in I860, of St. Peter's, Bayswater, in 1863,
and of Christ Church, Kensington, in 1864.
In 1865 he founded a college of organists,
and became professor of music in Victoria
College, Jersey, in 1867 was bandmaster of
three regiments in Jersey and organist of
St. Simon's, Jersey, and in 1869 of St. Hel-
ler's parish church. Returning to London,
was organist again at St. Peter's, Bayswater
in 1870-79, of St. Ethelburga, Bishopsgate,
in 1880, professor of composition and coun-
terpoint at Trinity College in 1879-80, and
organist of St. Sepulchre's, London, in 1883.
In 1885 he was made Mus. Doc. by Toronto
University and in 1886 examiner for the
same. Works : Thus saith the Lord, the
heaven is my throne, cantata ; Services ; Te
Deum ; Anthems, and other church music ;
Orchestral selections ; String quartet ; Part-
song, for 5 voices ; Organ music, and over
300 pianoforte pieces ; Songs. He pub-
lished A Pianoforte Catechism (London,
1879) ; Harmony (ib.) ; Dictionary of Mu-
sical Terms (ib.).

(The Combat of Hercules with Achelous), di-
vertimento drammatico in one act, text prob-



ably by Mauro, music by Steffam, supposed
to have been first represented at the .Sum-
mer Theatre, Herrenhausen, in 1G89. Han-
del drew his Angels ever bright and fair
from this work.

LOTTCHEN AM HOFE (Charlotte at
Court), Singspiel in three acts, text by Chr.
Fr. Weisse, music by Johanu Adam Hiller,
first performed in Leipsic in 17G9. This
was an imitation of Bertoldo alia corte, an
Italian comic opera by Ciampi. Arrange-
ment for the pianoforte published by Ureit-
kopf & Hiirtel (Leipsic, 1844).

LOTTI, ANTONIO, born, probably at
Venice, about 1GG5 or 1GG7, died there, Jan.
H, 1740. Son of Matteo Lotti, Kapellmeis-
ter at the Court of Hanover, and pupil of
Giovanni Legrenzi ; entered the Doge's
chapel while a boy, and in 1G87 joined the
Confraternity Musicale di Santa Cecilia,
and was appointed in 1689 coutraltist, with
a salary of one hundred ducats. In 1G90
he became deputy organist with a salary of
one hundred and thirty ducats, in 1G92
succeeded Pollarolo as second organist, and
in 1704 succeeded Spada as first organist,
which post he held forty years, obtaining
permission in 173'2 to employ as substitute
his pupil Saratelli, afterwards his successor.
In 1733 the post of maestro di cappella be-
coming vacant by Biffi's death, Lotti was
elected in 173<! to succeed him after two
competitive examinations, in which his un-
successful rivals were Pollarolo, Porpora,
and Giovanni Porta. His salary was four
hundred ducats. Meanwhile he composed
his famous Miserere, which superseded
that by Legrenzi, and has been sung at S.
Marco on Maundy Thursday ever since.
He wrote also much church music with or-
gan accompaniment, and, between 1G93 and
1717, seventeen operas. In 1717 he visited
Dresden on invitation of the Crown Prince
of Saxony, with a company of singers
(Boschi, Persouelli, and his own wife, born
Santa Stella, among them the joint salary
of husband and wife being about eight thou-
sand dollars). The success of his operas in

Dresden was great, but although he got an
extension of his leave of absence from the
Procurator! of S. Marco, he was obliged to
return to Venice in 1719 or resign his post.
After his return he composed entirely for
the church and chamber. He died of a
long and painful dropsy, and was buried in
the Church of San Geminiauo, where his
widow erected a monument to him. She
followed him in 1759, and was buried by
his side. The monument was destroyed
with the church in 1815. Lotti stood upon
the dividing Hue between the old, severe
school of counterpoint, and the more modern
school of Alessaudro Scarlatti and Handel.
His music is noted especially for purity of
style, grace, pathos, and expressive beauty.
He was so fearful of overloading the voices
that he used only the organ as an accom-
paniment to his sacred music, and in his
operas it is only in those scores written for
Dresden that wind instruments are used in
the orchestra. Among his more famous
pupils were Saratelli, Marcello, Alberti,
Bassani, Gaspariui, and Galuppi. One of
his songs, " Pur dicesti," is still popular.
The plagiarism of his madrigal, "In una
siepe ombrosa," by Bouoncini in 1731
caused the defeat of that composer in his
famous rivalry with Handel. For the
anonymous criticism of his madrigals in
the notorious " Lettera fauiigliare d' uu ac-
cademico lilarmonico," see Marcello.

Works L Operas : Giustino, Venice,
IG'.i:: : II trioufo dell' innocenza, ib., 1693 ;
First act of Tirsi (2d and 3d acts by Arios-
ti), ib., 1696; Achille placato, ib., 1707;
Teuzzone, ib., Teatro di San Cassiano, 1707,
Bologna, 1711, and Mantua, 1719 ; Ama
piti chi men si crede, Venice, 1709 ; II
commando non inteso ed ubidito, ib., 1709 ;
Sidonio, ib., Teatro di San Cassiano, 1709 ;
Isaccio tiranno, ib., 1710 ; La forza del
sangue, ib., 1711 ; II tradimento traditor
di se stesso, ib., Teatro di San Giovanni
Crisostomo, 1711 ; L' infedelta punita, ib.,
1712 ; Porscnna, ib., Teatro di San Giovanni
Crisostomo, 1712, Naples, Teatro San Bar-



tolomeo (with additions by Scarlatti), 1713 ;
Irene Augusta, Venice, 1713 ; II Polidoro,
ib., Teatro SS. Giovanni e Paolo, 1714 ;
Foca Superbo, ib., 1715 ; Costautino (over-
ture by Fux), Vienna, 171(3 ; Alessaudro
Severo, Venice, 1717 ; II vincitor geueroso,
ib., 1718 ; Giove in Argo, Dresden, 1717-
18 ; Ascauio, ovvero gli odi delusi del
sangue, ib., 1718 ; Teofaue (with Palla-
viciuo), ib., 1718-19.

II. Church music : Messa de' defouti, a
cappella, in F ; Messa del quinto touo, a 4
voci, a cappella ; Messa a 2 voci con organo,
in D minor (Berlin, Bote & Bock) ; Messa
breve a 3 voci, in C ; Benedictus Do minus
Deus Israel, and Miserere, a 4 voci, a cap-
pella, in D minor ; do., and do., a cappella,
in G minor, 1733 ; Laudate pueri, a 3 voci
coil 2 violini, viola e basso (Berlin, Bote &
Bock) ; Salve Eegina, a 4 voci, a cappella ;
Vere lauguores nostros, a 3 voci, a cappella
(Berlin, Bote & Bock) ; Other sacred works
in the Santiui Collection, in Hullah's Part-
Music, in Proske's Mus. Div., in Eochlitz,
and in Trautwein's Auswahl vorziigl. Mu-

EH. Other works : II voto crudele, ora-
torio, Vienna, 1712 ; L'umilta coronata, do.,
ib., 1714 ; Gioa, re di Giuda, do., Venice ;
Giuditta, do., ib. ; Spirito di Dio, madrigal
for the ceremony of the Doge's espousal of
the Adriatic, sung on board the Bucentoro,
ib., 1736 ; Sommo duce in trono assiso,
quartetto pastorale, con violiui, viola e
basso ; Duetti, terzetti e madrigali consa-
crati alia C. E. Maesta di Giuseppe I. im-
peratore da Antonio Lotti Veueto, orgauista

dclla cappella di S. Marco (Venice, Antonio
Bertali. 1705) ; 12 duetti da camera, Santini
Collection Grove ; Fetis ; Mendel ; Schil-

LOTTIN, DENIS, born in Orleans,
France, Nov. 19, 1773, died there in 1826.
Violinist, pupil of Fridzeri at Eeunes in

| 1786-89, later, in Paris, of Grasset. In
1805 he settled in his native town as first
violinist in the theatre orchestra, and to
conduct the amateur concerts. Works :
Vive Henry IV., symphony ; 2 concertos
for violin ; 6 works of duos for violins ; 3
sonatas and several airs varies for violin ;
Method for violin. Fetis ; Mendel.

LOTTO, ISIDOE, born in Warsaw, Dec.
22, 1840, still living, 1889. Violin virtu-
oso, pupil at the Conservatoire, Paris, of
Massart on the violin, and of Eeber in com-
position. From early youth conspicuous
by his talent, be became soon one of the
first violinists of the present time, made
extensive concert tours, became in 1862
chamber musician and solo violin to the
Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar, and in 1872
was appointed instructor at the Couserva-
torium, Strasburg. He has published some
brilliant compositions for his instrument in
the salon style. Mendel ; Eiemauu.

LOUCHET, GUSTAVE, born at Bou-
logue-sur-Mer, Oct. 4, 1840, still living,
1889. Pianist, first instructed by his fa-
ther, an excellent amateur, then for three
years pupil at the Maitrise of Eouen under
Vervoitte, and at the Conservatoire, Paris,
of Marmontel on the pianoforte, and of
Muratet in harmony, counterpoint, and
fugue. After living at Eouen several years,
he settled in 1876 in Paris. Works : Psalm
CXLV., for solo and chorus, with organ
or orchestra, op. 1 ; Hymne de Noel,
chorus for four voices, op. 6 ; Ave Maria,
do. for male voices, op. 7 ; L'Abeille, do.,
op. 12 ; Hymne a la mer, do., op. 16 ; O
sacrum couvivium, do. for mixed voices,
with organ, op. 10 ; Tantum ergo, do., or
with orchestra, op. 15 ; O salutaris, for bar-
itone, with violin and organ, op. 5 ; Piano-
forte music. Fetis, Supplement, ii. 127.

LOUET (not Louette, Louve, or Louvet),
ALEXANDEE, born in Marseilles, France,
in 1753, died in Paris in 1817. Dramatic
and instrumental composer ; cultivated mu-
sic as an amateur till the loss of his for-
tune in the Revolution caused him to go to



Paris to utilize his talent. He was unsuc-
cessful, and finally obliged to earn Ids liv-
ing by pianoforte-tuning. Works Operas :
La double clef, ou Colombine commissaire,
given in Paris, Comedie Italieune, 178G ;
Amelie, Theatre Feydeau, 1797 ; 4 sonatas
for pianoforte and violin ; Sonatas and
other pieces for pianoforte ; Songs. 1'Ytis ;

LOUIS FERDINAND (Ludwig Friedrich
Christian, called), Prince of Prussia, bom at
Friedrichsfelde, near Berlin, Nov. 18, 1772,
dieil ou the battlefield near Saalfeld, Oct. G,
IMM'I. I'iauist and instriiinental composer,
first instructed by French tutors, afterwards
( I Mill) pupil of Dussek, who became his inti-
mate friend ; Beethoven, on his visit to Ber-
lin in 179G, highly commended the Prince's
talent, and dedicated to him several of his
compositions. Works: (Quintet for piano-
forte and strings, op. 1 ; 2 quartets for do.,
op. 5 and (I ; 2 trios for do., op. 2 and 10 ;
Larghetto, with variations, for do., op. 11 ;
Andante fordo., op. 4 ; Octet for pianoforte,
clarinet, 2 horns, 2 violins, and 2 violon-
cellos, op. 12 ; Notturno for pianoforte,
flute, and string-trio; Andante for piaim-
forte quartet; Hondo for pianoforte, with
orchestra, op. It5 ; Fugues, variations, etc.,
for pianoforte. Allgem. d. Biogr., xix. 582 ;
Fetis; Mendel; Schilling.

LOUIS XIII., King of France (1G10-43),
born at Fontainebleau, Sept. 27, 1(!U1, died
at Saint-Germain, May 1 1, lli|:l. He stud-
ied music and cultivated it with success;
one of his compositions, Tu crois, 6 beau
soleil, a song for four voices, is given in
Kircher's Musurgie (I. S. G90). The Ga-
votte de Louis XIIL, since 1870 a favourite
with French and German orchestras, is not
his work, but a separate part of the cele-
brated Cirri, mi le ballet de la reiue. Fe-
tis ; Mendel.

HIN, Baron VON, born in Norway, July 30,
1815, died at Copenhagen, Dec, 5, 1870.
Dramatic composer, studied at Copenhagen,
whither he went with his father, a Dane, in

1829. In 1841 he became royal chamber
musician, and in 1851 organist of the
royal chapel. Works Operas : Sara, given
at Copenhagen, 1839 ; Rullamonens Grotte,
ib., 1H41 ; Ildproven, ib., 1818 ; Turandot,
ib., 1851 ; Sylphen, ballet, ib., 183G ; Music
to the drama Kong Wolmar og Havfruen ; 2
concert overtures ; Quintet ; Trio ; Pianoforte
music, and songs. Mendel, Ergiinz., 245.

LOW, JOSEF, born in Prague, Jan. 23,
1834, died there, Oct. 5, 188G. Pianist,
made a successful concert tour through
Moravia, Silesia, Galicia, and the Bukowina
in 1854, and settled in Prague in 185G, to
teach the pianoforte. He has published
more than 300 works for his instruments,
among which are many valuable pieces of
instructive character.

LOWE, JOHANN JACOB, born at Eise-
nach in 1G20, died at Liineburg in Septem-
ber, 1703. Virtuoso ou the violin ; studied
in Vienna, and became Kapellmeister to
the Duke of Brunswick in 1(555, and to the
Duke of Zeitz in 16G3. Afterwards he was
again in Vienna, and in 1G82 was appointed
organist at Liiueburg. Works : Amelinde,
oder die triumphirende Seele, geistliches
Singspiel, given at Wolfenbiittel, 1G57 ; Or-
phens aus Thracien, der Calliope uml des
Apollonis Sohn, ib., 1G5!) ; Iphigenia, ein
konigliches Friiulein, ib., 1G61 ; Sympho-
nies, intradas, gagliardas, sarabands, etc.,
for 3-5 instruments (Bremen, 1G57) ; 12
neuc geistliche Concerte, for 1-3 voices,
with 2 violins and organ (Wolfenbiittel,
1GGO) ; Canons for 1-8 parts, vocal and in-
strumental. Fetis ; Mendel ; Schilling.

LOWE, KAEL. See Loewe.


LES VON (real name Lowe), born at Neu-
stadt, Upper Silesia, April 20, 1594, died at
Oels, Nether Silesia, April 3, 1G4S. Vocal
composer, music director to the Duke of
Bruuswiek-Oels, in whose service he filled
also several administrative offices, and whith-
er he returned, after having been employed
! at the court of Emperor Ferdinand H,
in 1G31. Works: Symbola oder Gedeuk-


spriiche, a collection of 30 sacred songs, for
l-'J voices. Fetis ; Mendel ; Schilling-.

The Hague, Aug. 24, 1829, died in Paris,
Sept. 17, 1870. Pianist, son and pupil of
Johaun Heiurich Liibeck. He visited the
United States, Mexico, and Peru in 1849-
52 ; oil his return was made court pianist
at The Hague ; and in 1854 settled in Paris,
where he taught and played in chamber con-
certs with Anuiugaud, Lalo, and Jacquard.
In his last years he became insane. Berlioz
says he had prodigious execution and an ex-
cellent style. Works : Concerto for piano-
forte with orchestra ; Polonaise, Tarentelle,
Berceuse, Trilby the Sprite, many etudes,
etc., for pianoforte. Fetis, Supplement, ii.
129 ; Mendel ; Biemann.

LUBIN. See ,S'ai/!-Lubin.

rata, Italy, in 1825, still living, 1889. Pu-
pil of Giovanni Paciui in Lucca and Viareg-
gio, and of Vaccaj at the Milan Conserva-
torio ; settled in Paris in 1857. Works :
Don Chisciotte, ballet, Milan, 1845 ; Elisa,
opera, ib., 1850 ; Cantata, ib. ; A mass ;
Overture for orchestra ; Romances ; Duets ;
Melodies for the voice. Fetis, Supplement,
ii. 130 ; Mendel, Ergiinz., 24'.).

LUCAS, CHARLES, born in Salisbury,
England, July 28, 1808, died in London,
March 30, 18G9. Violoncellist and organist,
pupil at the Royal Academy of Music of
Lindley and Crotch in 1823-30 ; became vio-
loncellist in the private band of Queen
Adelaide, afterwards in the orchestra of the
Italian opera, and in 1832 conductor at
the Royal Academy. Organist of Hanover
Chapel, Regent Street, 1839. Principal of
the Royal Academy of Music in 1859-6G.
Works : Tbe Regicide, opera ; 3 symphonies ;
String quartets ; Anthems ; Songs. Grove.

LUCCHESI, ANDREA, born at Motta,
Venetian Friuli, May 27, 1741, died early
in the 19th century. Dramatic composer,
pupil of Paoluzzi, Seratelli, and Cocchi. He
appeared in Bonn as musical director of a
travelling Italian opera company in 1771,

1 and was engaged, until his death, as Kapell-
meister, by the Elector of Cologne. His
operas were given in Venice and Bonn.
Works Operas : L' isola della fortuna,
17G5 ; II marito geloso, 1706 ; Le donno
sempre doiine ; H matriniouio per astuzia,
1771 ; II natal di Giove ; L' inganno sco-
perto ; Ad emir a, 1775. Intermezzos and
cantatas ; Latin oratorio ; Masses, vespers,
and motets ; 3 symphonies ; Sonatas for
pianoforte and violin ; Trio and quartets ;
Pianoforte concertos. Fetis ; Mendel ;

at Lucca about 1710, died there, Aug. 18,
1779. Church composer, pupil of Leonardo
Leo ; became maestro di cappella of the col-
legiate church of S. Michele in Foro.
Works : Several masses for 2-5 voices a
cappella ; Mass, with two orchestras ; Re-
sponses for 4 voices, for Holy Week ; 13
services, for do., with full orchestra; Many
motets. Fetis, Supplement, ii. 132.

Pisa, Italy, middle of the 18th century,
died (?). Virtuoso on the violin, pupil of
Moriano and Nardiui, and in counterpoint
of Cecchi ; lived for a long time in Vienna,
[ then entered the service of the Archbishop
of Salzburg, and in 1799 returned to Italy.
Works : Symphonies for orchestra ; 3 duos
for violins, op. 1 ; do., op. 2 ; sonatas for
pianoforte and violin, op. 3 ; Vocal music.

Douai, France, Dec. 1, 1781, died there in
1856. Violinist and dramatic composer ; at
first studied in his native city, then was a
pupil at the Paris Conservatoire of Baillot
on the violin, of Catel in harmony, and of
Gossec in counterpoint ; returned to Douai
in 1805, and established orchestral concerts,
which Le conducted, and quartet soirees, in
which he played first violin. L. of Honour,
1845. Works Operas : Caroline de Tytz-
denz, given at Douai, 1820 ; La prevention,
ib., 1822, Valenciennes and Cambrai, 1825;
La mort de Paul I. (with Victor Lefevre and



I'xnvry), Douai, 1834 ; Les mines du Moiit-
Cassin, ib., 1S3G ; L'eleve de Presbourg,
Paris, Opera Coinique, 1840. Entr'actes for
dramas, given at Douai ; Many cantatas,
hymns, and choruses, with orchestra ;
Overture for orchestra ; 2 concertos for
violin and orchestra ; Quintet for strings ;
4 works of quartets fordo.; 3 trios for do. ;
2 do. for pianoforte and strings ; Airs
varies, for violin, etc. IVtis.

opera in three acts, text by Cammarauo,

Dolores Nau.

music liy Doni/ctti, first represented in
Naples, Sept. lid, IS!!."). Donizetti, who
wrote the text of the last act himself, de-
signed the parts of Lucia and Edgardo for
IVrsiani and Duprez, who appeared in the
original cast. The subject is from Sir
Walter Scott's romance, " The Bride of
Lammermoor ; " the scene, Scotland, about
Idd',). It is generally considered Donizetti's
masterpiece, and is one of the most popular
Italian operas. Among the best numbers
are Lucia's arias, "Regnava nel silenzio,"
and " Quando rapita in estasi ; " her mad
song, " Oh, gioja die si seuti," which gives
the artist opportunity for a brilliant display

of technique ; her farewell duet with Ed-
gardo ; her duet with Enrico, "Soffriva nel
piauto ; " the sextet iii the second act,
" Chi mi freua," and Edgardo's grand scena
" Tombe degl' avi miei," with the cantilena,
" Tu che a Dio spiegasti 1' ali." Lucia has
been a favourite role with many great sing-
ers, including Mines Castellan, Caroline Du-
prez, Frezzoliui, Lagrange, Adelina Patti,
Nilssou, Albaui, Gerster, and de Murska.
It was given at the Theatre de la Renais-
sance, Paris, Aug. 10, 1839 ; and at the
Opera, Feb. 20, 1840, with Mile Nau and
M. Duprez in the principal parts ; first
time in London at Her Majesty's, April
">, 1838, and at the Princess's Theatre, Jan.
1!>, IS 13; first in New York, in English,
Nov. 17, 1845, in Italian, Nov. 14, 1849.
i'ull score published by Ricordi (Milan)
and by Diabelli (Vienna). Le uozze di Lam-
mermoor, Italian opera, text by Balocchi,
music by Carafa di Colobrano, Paris, Dec.
12, 1S29 ; La fidanzata di Lammermoor, by
Luigi Ricci, Trieste, November, 1831, and
by Alberto Mazzucato, Padua, 1834. Bru-
den fra Lammermoor, Danish opera, text by
Anderson, music by J. Bredal, Copenhagen,
1832. Clement et Larousse, 411 ; Allgem.
mus. Zeitung (38), 173 ; Lajarte, ii. 180 ;
Atheureum (1838), 259 ; Upton, Standard
Operas, 89.

LUCIFER, Flemish oratorio, text by E.
Hicl, music by Peter Benoit, first perform-
ed in Brussels, Sept. 20, I860. Given in
Paris, at the Trocadero, 1883.

freddo, Feb. 17, 1820, died in Rome, Janu-
ary, 1885. Dramatic composer, pupil at
the Lyceo Musicale, Bologna, of Corticelli
and Golinelli on the pianoforte, and of
Gaetano Gaspari in harmony, then at Loreto
pupil of Domenico Vecchiotti. He settled
in Rome, where he became president of the
Accademia Filarmonica. Works Operas :
II solitario, given in Rome, Teatro Valle,
1853 ; Giuliano Salviati, ib., 1854 ; II sin-
daco del villaggio, ib., Teatro Capranica,
1857 ; L' eroe delle Asturie, Reggio d'



Emilia,, 18f>2 ; II conte ill Beuzeval, Ferrara,
1873 ; La bella fanciulla di Perth ; Tom-
niaso Chattertou ; Cantata, Rome, Teatro
Apollo, 185G ; do., ib., 1871 ; do., sung by
700 voices in the place of the Capitol,
1871. Fotis, Supplement, ii. 132.

LUCIO SILLA, Italian opera in three
acts, text by Giovanni da Gainera, revised
by Metastasio, music by Mozart, first repre-
sented in Milan, Dec. 2G, 1772. Scene in
and near Borne. Characters represented :
Lucio Silla, dictator (T.) ; Giuuia, betrothed
to Cecilio (S.) ; Lucio China, patrician (S.);
Cecilio, senator (S.) ; Celia (S.) ; and Au-
fidio, tribune (T.). Published by Breit-
kopf & Hartel, Mozart Werke, Serie 5, No.
8. Same text, opera by Johann Christian
Bach, Mannheim, 1774 ; and by Aufossi,
Venice, 1774. KOchel, Verzeichniss, No.
135 ; Jahn, Mozart, i. 231, 287 ; Nissen, i.
273 ; Gehring, 49 ; Caecilia, xxiv. 79 ; All-

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