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duel, for violin and

violoncello ; Stabat Muter : Sacred choruses.

He harmonized and edited chants and tunes





of the Russian Church. F<'' : .~: Mendel;
Kit-maun : Wasielewski. Pie Yioline, 401 ;
Schumann, Sohrifteii. ii. 14'.'.

LYXES, FRANK, born in Cambridge,
Mas ' - M .y Id. 1S5S. still living,

1889. Pianist, pupil in Boston on the pi-
anoforte and organ of B. J. Lang, and in
harmony of J. K. Paine ; and in l xs -> - "
the Leipsic Conservatorium. studied piano-
forte under Carl Reiuecke and Bruno Zwint-
cher. harmony and counterpoint un<l< r A.
Riehter. and composition under Jadassohn.
On his return to America he settled in Bos-
ton, and in 1887 was organist of St. Paul's
Church. Works: Gavotte, for pianoforte
and violin, op. 2 : Romanza. for violin, vio-
loncello, organ, and pianoforte, op. 1 : 1
pianoforte solos, op. 5 ; Te Deum, op. 8 ;
Sou - .

LYRE ET LA HARPE. LA. cantata, test
from Victor Hugo's poem, music by Saint-
S:i< us. composed for the Birmingham (Eng-
land) Festival, Ar._. 28, 1^7:'. Mine Patey.
Mme Lemmens-Sherrington, William H.
Cummiugs. and Charles Sontley sang the
principal parts. Performed at the Concert
Populaire de Paris, Jan. 11, I860. Athe-



naeum (1879 p. ii. 2.12, :114: Revue et Ga-
zette musicale de Paris (1879), 294 ; (1880),
23.

LYSBERG, (CHARLES SAMUEL
l'ii >VY), called, born in Geneva, March 1,
1*21. died there, Feb. 15, 1873. Pianist,
pupil of Chopin and of Delaire in Paris ;
became professor of pianoforte at the Ge-
neva Conservatoire. Fearing failure, he
published his first compositions under the
pseudonym of Lysberg. a village in Switzer-
land, and continued to use the name after
he became popular. Works : La fille du
carillonneur, opera-comique, Geneva, 1854 ;
Etudes de salon ; Romances sans paroles ;
Barcarolles : Nocturnes : Valses de salon,
and many other compositions for pianoforte,
numbering about 150. Fetis, Supplement,
ii. 138 ; Mendel ; Riemanu.



MV \-v LOUTS, born, of German parent-
. in Wiesbaden, Germany, Juno
- 1. 1852, still living, 1889. Pianist,
pupil of his fa-
ther, and in 18i>7
-71 of Reinecke
fi 11 d Papperitz
at the Leipsic
Conservatorium ;
he had. also, in-
struction from
Liszt during
three summers.
His early life was

spent mostly in London, where his family
went soon after his birth. In 1875-80 he
was teacher of the pianoforte at the Leipsic
Conservatorium. He went to America in
1880, settled in Boston, and in the season
of 1881-82 conducted the concerts of the
Boston Philharmonic Society, some of his
own compositions being given and he him-
self appearing as pianist. He has since
played in many principal cities of the United
-. and is at present a teacher of music
in Boston. Works : American symphony,
On the Prairies, given in the Music Hall,




.MAHELLIXI



Boston, Dec. 14, 1883 ; Overtures, suites,
marches, fantasias, etc., for orchestra ; 3 so-
natas, and a concerto for pianoforte ; Violin
sonatas ; Songs.

MABELLINI, TEODULO, born at Pis-
toja, April '2, 1817, still living, 1SS9. Dra-
matic composer, pupil of Pilotti, then stud-
ied at the music school in Florence (1833-
30), and later under Mercadante at Xovara.
He settled in Florence, where he became di-
rector of the Societa Filarmouica in 1843,
court maestro di cappella in 1847, leader
of orchestra at the Pergola, and professor
of composition in the school of music.
Works Operas : Matilda a Toledo, Flor-
ence, 183G ; Eolla, Turin, 1840 ; Giuevra
degli Alrnieri, ib., 1841 ; II coute di Savagua,
Florence, 1843 ; I Veueziaui a Coustauti-
nopoli, Rome, 1844 ; Maria di Francia,
Florence, 184G ; II veuturiere (with Gordi-
giani), Leghorn, 1851 ; Baldassar, Florence,
1852 ; Fiammetta, ib., 1857. Oratorios :
Eudossia e Paolo, ib., 1845, and L' ultimo
gioruo di Gerusalemiue, 1848-49. Canta-
tas : La caccia, 1S37 ; Raft'aele Sanzio,
1842 ; II ritoruo, 184G ; Lo spirito di
Dante, Autiche festivita fiorentiue, and
others. Masses ; Motets ; Te Deums ;
Psalms ; Hymns and songs. Fetis ; do.,
Supplement, ii. 140 ; Mendel ; Eiemann.

MACBETH, music to Sir William Daven-
ant's additions to Shakespeare's "Macbeth,"
by Matthew Lock, first performed with the
play at the theatre in Dorset Garden, Lon-
don, in 1G72. Lock's music has been as-
cribed to Henry Purcell, but he was only
about fourteen years old in 1072 ; to Rich-
ard Leveridge, who composed music to Act
H. of Macbeth, about 1708 ; and to John
Eccles, whose music to Macbeth was first
performed atDrury Lane, London, in 1G9G.
Previous to Sir William Davenant's addi-
tions, Lock had composed a round to be
danced by the weird sisters, which was in-
cluded in "Musick's Delight on the Cith-
ren " as " Macbeth, a Jigg," and is also in-
cluded iu "The Plesant Companion to the
Flageolet," signed with the initials M. L. ;



Other music to Macbeth has been written
by Andre, Berlin, 1780 ; by Stegmaun,
Hamburg, 1784 ; by Eeichardt, Munich,
1795 ; by Rastrelli, Dresden, 1817 ; by
Julius Rietz, Diisseldorf, 1840, and Edgar
S. Kelly, 1887 ; overtures by Henry H.
Pierson, op. 54, and by Ignaz Briill, op.
46, 1886, and overture and incidental mu-
sic by Sir Arthur Sullivan, written for
Henry Irving's revival of Macbeth at the
Lyceum Theatre, London, December, 1888.
Grove, ii. 157, 183 ; Burney, iv. 184 ;
Hawkins, iv. 394; "List of Songs m
Shakespeare set to Music," New Shake-
speare Society Publications, Series viii., No.
3, 23 (London, 1884) ; Athemt'iim (1889) ;
Academy (1889), 14.

MACBETH, Italian opera in four acts,
text by Piave and Andrea Maffei, after
Shakespeare, music by Verdi, first repre-
sented at the Pergola, Florence, March 17,
1847. It was given iu New York in 1848.
This opera was revised by the composer,
translated into French by Nuitter and Beau-
mont, and represented at the Theatre Ly-
ricjue, Paris, April 21, 1865, with Isruael as
Macbeth and Mine Rey-Balla as Lady Mac-
beth. Same title, opera in three acts, text
by Rouget de Lisle and Auguste Hix, mu-
sic by Chelard, first represented at the
Academic Royale de Musique, Paris, June
29, 1827. This work was a failure, but
Chelard rearranged the music, and the opera
was given in German, translation by Heigel,
in Munich, 1828, and at the King's Theatre,
London, July 24, 1832, with success. Same
title, German opera in five acts, text by Eg-
gers, music by Taubert, Berlin, Nov. 11,
1857. Beethoven's sketches for an opera,
Macbeth, text by Colliu, are in the Kiiuig-
liche Bibliothek, Berlin. Clement et La-
rousse, 418 ; Lajarte, ii. 128 ; Hogarth, i.
128 ; Choiiey, Modern German Music, i.
345 ; Berliner mus. Zeitg., vi. 5 ; Neue Ber-
liner inns. Zeitg. (1857), 370, 379, 38G,
393 ; Revue musicale, i. 520 ; Athenum
(1832), 420, 444 ; (1877), i. 127 ; Mus.
Wochenblatt (1879), 113.



499



MACBETH



MACBETH, overture for orchestra in B
minor, by Spohr, op. 75, first performed in
Magdeburg iu 1829. It was given by the
Philharmonic Society, London, in the sea-
sou of 1842. Published by Peters (Leip-
sic).

MACBETH, ALLAN, born at Greenock,
Scotland, March 13, 185G, still living, l-SS'.t.
Pianist, pupil in Edinburgh of Robert Da-
vidson and Otto Schweitzer, then at the
Leipsie (Jonservatorium (1875-76) of Rich-
ter, Reiuecke, and Jadassohu. He was con-
ductor of the Glasgow Choral Union in
LSSO, of the Greenock Select Choir in 1881 ;
Organist and choirmaster of Woodside
Established Church in 1882, and of St.
George's-iu-the-Fields in 1KM. Works :
The Duke's Doctor, operetta ; In meino-
riam, for orchestra ; Forget-me-not, inter-
mezzo for do. ; Serenata, for do. ; Danse
pizzicata, for do. ; Ballet de la cour, for do. ;
Trio for pianoforte and strings ; Suite of
pieces for violoncello and pianoforte ; Pi-
anoforte music and songs.

MACCUNN, HAMISH, born in Scotland.
contemporary. A
rising young musi-
cian, who has pro-
duced several cred-
itable works. He
is now said to be
engaged upon an
opera on the sub-
jei-t of the mas-
sacre of (ilencoe,
the text of which
is f u r n is lied by
Gallienne and "Wilson Barrett.
Land o' the mountain and the
The Downie Dens o' Yar-
Lord Ullin's Daughter,




Richard
Works:

flood, overture ;
row, do., 1887



ballad for orchestra; The Ship o' the
Fiend, do., 1888 ; Lay of the Last Minstrel,
cantata, ISSlt.

MACDOWELL, EDWARD ALEXAN-
DER, born, of American parentage, in New
York, Dec. 18, 1861, still living, 1889. Pi-
anist, pupil in New York of J. Buitrago, P.



Desveruine, and Mine Teresa Carreno. In
1876 he went to Europe, and studied, at the
Paris Conservatoire, pianoforte under Mar-
niontel and theory under Savard ; and in
1879, atFraukfort-ou-the-Main, composition
under Joachim Raff and the pianoforte
under Carl Heymaun. In 1881-82 he was
first teacher of the pianoforte in the Darm-
stadt Couservatorium, and later resided in
Wiesbaden. In 1888 he returned to Amer-
ica, and is living at present in Boston. He
has played in many concerts iu Europe, and
at the Ziirich Music Festival, in 1882, gave
his own composition, the First Moderuo
Suite. AVorks : Roland Symphony, for or-
chestra, op. 30, 1887 ; -i orchestral poems :
Hamlet, symphonic poem, 1885 ; Ophelia,
do., 1885 ; Lancelot and Elaine, op. 25, issc. ;
Lamia, op. 29, 1887 ; 1st concerto for pi-
anoforte and orchestra, in D minor, op. 15,
1882 ; 2d do., in E-fiut, New York, March
6, 1889 ; Romanze for violoncello and or-
chestra, op. 34, 1887 ; 1st moderue suite for
pianoforte, op. 10, 1881 ; 2d do., op. 23,
188G ; Prelude et fugue for pianoforte, op.
13, 1881; Waldidylleu for pianoforte, op.
19, 1881 ; Other pianoforte music ; Songs.
M U'FARREN, Sir GEORGE ALEX-
ANDER, born in London, March 2, 1813,
died there, Oct. 31, 1887. Dramatic com-
poser, sou of George Macfarren, dramatist
(1788-1813) ; pupil in 1827 of Charles
Lucas, and iu 1829 studied pianoforte,
trombone, and composition at the Royal
\r;i'lemy of Music, where, in 1834, ho was
appointed a professor. In 1834 he gave at
tin Society of British Musicians his sym-
phony in F minor, in 1836 his overture
Chevy Chase, and in 1838, at the Lyceum,
his Devil's Opera, which attracted public
attention. Though his vision became early
impaired and finally resulted in total blind-
ness, he contiued his work at then Royal
Academy and his compositions, dictating
the latter to an amanuensis. In 1875 he
succeeded Sterndale Bennett as professor
of Music at Cambridge, and iu the same
year was appointed principal of the Royal



000



MACFAHKEN




Academy of Music. In 1876 be received
tlie degree of M.A. from Cambridge and
that of Mus. Doc.
from Oxford. In
1883 lie was
knighted. His
wife Natalia (An-
drae) Macfarreu is
a singer and teach-
er, and has trans-
lated the texts of
many important
choral and dram-
atic works. Works
Operas : The Devil's Opera, London, Aug.
13, 1838 ; Don Quixote, ib., 1816 ; Charles II.,
ib., 1849 ; Robin Hood, ib., I860 ; Freya's
Gift, a masque ; Jessy Lea, ib., 1863 ; She
Stoops to Conquer, The Soldier's Legacy,
and Helvellyn, ib., 1804 ; Outward Bound ;
The Prince of Modeua (MS.) ; Caractacus
(MS.) ; El Malhechor (MS.) ; Allan of Aber-
Mdy (MS.). Oratorios: Saint John the
Baptist, Bristol Festival, 1873 ; The 7iV.sr-
recliun, Birmingham Festival, 1876 ; Jii^'/i!i,
Leeds Festival, 1877 ; King David, 1883.
Cantatas : Lenora, 1851 ; May Day, Brad-
ford Festival, 1856 ; Christmas, 1859 ; The
Lady of the Lake, Glasgow Festival, 1877 ;
Emblematical Tribute on the Queen's Mar-
riage, London, 1810 ; The Sleepi'r Awa-
kened, serenata, ib., 1851. Symphonies:
No. 1, 182S ; No. 2 ; No. 3, A minor ; No.
4, F minor, 1834; No. 5, B-flat ; No. 6, C-
sharp minor ; No. 7, D. Overtures : Chevy
Chase, 1836 ; The Merchant of Venice ; Bo-
rneo and Juliet ; Hamlet ; Don Carlos ;
Overture in E-flat. Cathedral service ; An-
thems, chants, and psalm tunes ; Introits
for the Holy Days and Seasons of the Eng-
lish Church (1866) ; Songs in a Cornfield
(1868) ; Shakespeare Sougs for 4 voices
(1860-64), and many other songs; String
quartets ; String quintet ; Concerto for vio-
lin and orchestra ; Sonatas for pianoforte
alone and with other instruments. He
has edited also Purcell's Dido and JEneas,
1840 ; Jcphthah ; Belshazzar ; Judas Mac-



cabteus ; harmonized the airs in ChappelTs
Popular Music of the Olden Time ; and
arranged Moore's Irish Melodies, 1859, and
Scotch Sougs. Literary Works : Ivudi-
ineuts of Harmony (1860) ; Six Lectures
011 Harmony (1867) ; Analyses of oratorios
(1853-57) and of orchestral works (1869-
71) ; Many articles oil musical subjects.
Grove ; Fetis ; do., Supplement, ii. 140 ;
Rieinauu ; Atliennuim (1887), ii. 611.

MACFAKKEN, WALTER CECIL, bora
in London, Aug. 28, 1826, still living,
1889. Pianist, brother of Sir George Alex-
ander Macfarren, pupil at the Royal Acad-
emy of Music of Holmes, Potter, and his
brother. He became professor at the
Academy ill 1846, conductor of the Acad-
emy Concerts in 1873, director of the
Philharmonic Society in 1868, and treas-
urer of do. in 1876. Works : Symphony ;
Overtures to A Winter's Tale, Beppo, Hero
and Leander, Henry the Fifth ; Pastoral
overture ; Conzertstiick for pianoforte and
orchestra ; Services and anthems ; Piano-
forte music ; Part-songs and songs.

MACHADO, RAPHAEL COELHO, born
at Angra do Heroismo, Azores, in 1814,
still living, 1889. He studied music in
Lisbon until 1835 ; went to Brazil in 1838 ;
travelled in 1852-53 in England, France,
Spain, Portugal, then returned to Brazil,
and edited a musical journal in 1842-46.
Works : 3 masses ; 2 Te Deum ; About 50
Brazilian songs ; Several didactic works, a
method for the organ, do. for pianoforte,
and a Dicciouario musical (Rio de Janeiro,
1855). Vasconcellos, i. 219 ; Futis, Supple-
ment, ii. 143 ; Mendel, Ergiluz., 254.

MACHE DICH AUF, WERDE LIGHT,
chorus in D major in Mendelssohn's I'uulux,
Part I. (No. 15).

MACHE DICH, MEO HERZE, REIN,
aria in B-llat major for the bass of Coro I.,
with accompaniment of two oboi di caccia,
strings complete, organ, and continue, in
Johanu Sebastian Bach's J'uxsion nach Mat-
thiius (No. 75). In Franz's edition of the
score the two oboe di caccia parts are dis-



5U1



M.U'HTS




tributt'd between two oboes ami two clari-
nets.

MACHTS, CARL, born in Weimar, June
1C, 184G, still living, 1889. Pianist and
violinist ; was called to Riga as Kapellmeis-
ter of the city theatre in 1875. Works :
Overtures to Othello and Haiulet ; Piano-
forte music ; Choruses and songs.

MACIRONE, CLARA ANGELA, born in
London, Jan. 20,
1821, still living,
1889. Vocal and in-
strumental com-
poser, pupil at the
Royal Academy of
Music on the piano-
forte of W. H.
Holmes and Cipri-
ani Potter, in singing
of Signer Negri, and
in composition of Charles Lucas. She was
elected an associate of the Philharmonic
Society, was professor of pianoforte at the
Royal Academy, then head music-mistress of
Aske's school for girls, Hatcham, and now
head music-mistress of the Church of Eng-
land high school for girls, Baker Street,
London, N. W. Miss Maciroue is one of
the best-known of British women-composers
and teachers, and her success in training
pupils has elicited high commendation. Of
her compositions the most successful are
her part-songs, which have been sung at
the Crystal Palace and Exeter Hall by three
thousand voices. Works Part-songs : Sir
Knight, Sir Knight ; Ragged and torn and
true; Autolycus' Song; Cavalier's Song;
The Battle of the Baltic ; Old Daddy Long-
legs ; Jack and Jill ; The Soldier's Dream ;
Ride a Cock Horse, etc. Songs ; Benedic-
tus ; Te Deum ; Anthems ; Pianoforte mu-
sic, etc.

MACKENZIE, ALEXANDER CAMP-
BELL, born in Edinburgh, Aug. 22, 1847,
still living, 1889. Violinist, sou of Alex-
ander Mackenzie (1819-1857) and grand-
sou of John Mackenzie (1797-1852), both
violinists ; pupil of his father, and in




Schwarzburg-Sondershausen, Germany, in
1857, of TJ] rich Eduard Stein. He became
violinist in the ducal
orchestra there in
18(51; returned to
London in 18G2 to
study violin under
Sainton and theory
under Charles Lucas,
and was elected King's
Scholar of the Royal
Academy of Music the
same year. In 1805 he went to Edinburgh,
and devoted himself to teaching pianoforte
and to composition. He lived on the Con-
tinent ill 1879. Works : Colombo, lyrical
drama (Hueffer), London, Drury Lane, April
9, 1883 ; The Troubadour, opera, ib., 1886 ;
The Ease of Sharon, oratorio, Norwich,
l.^M ; The I'.ridi 1 , cantata for soli, chorus,
and orchestra, op. 25 ; Juson, dramatic can-
tata, Bristol Festival, 1882 ; The Story of
Sayid, cantata, Leeds Festival, Oct. 13,
188G ; Cull: r'.s Saturday Night, cantata,
L888; Dream of Jubal, Liverpool, 1889;
Rhapsodic ecossaise, for orchestra, op. 21 ;
do., No. 2, op. 24 ; Overture to Cervantes ;
do. to Twelfth Night ; Tempo di Ballo, over-
ture for orchestra ; Scherzo, for do. ; Con-
certo for violin and orchestra, 1885 ; Organ
anil pianoforte music ; Part-songs and
songs ; Beuedictus for violins and wind in-
strumeuts. Grove ; Fetis, Supplement, ii.
143 ; N. Zeitschr. f. Mus. (188-4), 345.

MACLEAN, CHARLES DONALD, born
in England, March
27, 1843, still living,
1889. Organist, pu-
pil of Ferdinand
Hiller at Cologne ;
organist of Exeter
College, Oxford,
1SC2 ; do. and mu-
sic director at Eton,
isT-J. Mus. Bac.,
Oxford, I860 ; Mus.

Doc., ib., 18G5. AVorks : Noah, dramatic
oratorio, 18G5 ; Pianoforte music and songs.




602



MACON



MACON, LE (The Mason), opera-comique
in three acts, test by Scribe and Germain
Delavigne, music by Auber, first represented
at the Opera Comique, Paris, May 3, 1825.
One of Auber's masterpieces in opera-eo-
inique, and long popular ; revived at the
Opera Comique, Paris, Feb. G, 1880. Pub-
lished by Hofmeister (Leipsic) and by Di-
abelli (Vienna). Allgem. mus. Zeitg., xxvii.
598 ; Berliner mus. Zeitg., ii. 271 ; Revue
et Gazette musicale do Paris (1880), 41.

MACQUE, JEAN DE (Giovanni di), Bel-
gian composer of the IGth century. He
was pupil of Philippe de Mons, and was
organist to the Vice-King of Naples about
1540, and maestro di cappella there about
1592. Works : Litanie a 8 voci (Naples,
1540) ; Canzouette alia Napoletana a G voci
(ib., 1555) ; Several books of madrigals ;
Some compositions in various collections.
Fetis; Mendel.

MA DALL' ARIDO STELO. Sec Hallo
in Maschera.

MADAMINA, IL CATALOGO. See Dun
Giovanni.

MADLSEDER, NONOSUS, superior of
the Benedictine Monastery of St. Gall at
Andich, Bavaria, died there, still young, in
March, 1773. Works : Ofl'ertoria XV pro
principalioribus festivitatibus Domini, etc.
(Augsburg, 1765) ; Oft'ertoria XV solemnia
de festis Sanctorum, etc. (ib., 17G7) ; Mise-
rere V et Stabat Mater pro tempore quadra-
gesimale (ib., 17G8) ; Vesperrc soleinues sed
breves, etc. (Andich, 1771). Fetis.

MAESTRO DI MUSICA, IL (The Music
Master), intermezzo in two acts, by Pergo-
lesi, first represented in Naples in 1731 ;
and at the Academie Royale de Musique,
Paris, Sept. 19, 1752, with this cast :

Lauretta Signora Tonnelli.

Lamberto Signer Cosini.

Collagiani Signer Manelli.

Represented at the Bouffons Italiens, Paris,
with a new number by Pietro Auletta, Oct.
3, 1752. This opera was long popular.
Same title, operas in Italian, by Martini,



about 1750 ; by Alessandro Scarlatti, 1752 ;by
Giovanni Liverati, Trieste, 1804 ; in French,
by Franz Horzizki, Reinsburg, about 1791.

MAGAZZARI, GAETANO, born at Bo-
logna about 1808, died in Milan, March 27,
1872. The most popular national compos-
er of Italy during the revolutionary period
of 184G-48 ; lived in Turin, afterwards in
Milan. Among his numerous vocal and in-
strumental compositions, mostly suggested
by patriotic sentiment, the hymns on Pope
Pius IX. and on Charles Albert of Sardinia
were sung everywhere in Italy. Member
of Bologna and Parma Academies, of the
Accademia di Sta. Cecilia, and of the Filar-
nionica in Rome, and of several French art
societies. Fetis, Supplement, ii. 144.

MAGI, FORTUNATO, born in Lucca,
Oct. G, 1839, still living, 1889. Pupil of
Puccini ; became teacher of harmony in the
Institute of his native town in 1857 ; suc-
ceeded Puccini in 18G1 as professor of
counterpoint and as maestro di cappella at
the cathedral. Was appointed director of
the Institute in 1872, but soon after gave
up all his positions in the city and occupied
similar places at Sarzaua ; in 1874 he be-
came director of the public music schools in
Ferrara and in 1876 at La Spezia. Works :
L' onore di una donna, opera ; I tro rivali,
comic opera ; Esther, oratorio ; Burla-
macchi, cantata ; Christus ; Miserere ; Mo-
tets, graduals, etc. Fetis, Supplement, ii.
145 ; Mendel, Erganz., 256.

MAGIC FLUTE. See ZauberjliJtc.

MAGICIENNE, LA, opera in five acts,
text by Saint-Georges, music by Halevy,
first represented at the Academic Royale de
Musique, Paris, March 17, 1858. Subject,
the legend of Melusine. Original cast :

Melusine Mine Borghi-Mamo.

Blanche de Poitou .Mine Lauters.

Reno, vicomte de Thouars. . M. Gucymard.

Le chevalier Stello M. Bonnehee.

Le comte de Lusignan M. Belval.

Clement et Larousse, 421 ; Revue et Ga-
zette musicale dc Paris (1858), 89.



503



MAGXI



MAGXI, BENEDETTO, born at Ravenna
about 1580, died ('?). Organist of the ca-
thedral at Ravenna. Works : Concert! e
Motetti, lib. i. (Venice, 1012) ; do., lib. ii.
(ib., 1612) ; do., lib. iii. (ib., 1G1G) ; Hesse
concertate a otto voci, lib. i.-iii. (ib.): Ma-
drigali. Fetis.

MAGNI. GIUSEPPE, born at Foligno
in the second half of the 17th century. He
was maestro di eappella at the cathedral of
his native city and, about 1700, considered
one of the prominent musicians of his time.
His only known work is Decio in Foliguo,
sacred melodrama, performed at the cathe-
dral, 1697. Fetis.

MAGNIEN, VICTOR, born at Epinal
(Vosges), France, Nov. 19, 1804, died at
Lille in June, 18S5. Violinist and guitar
player, pupil in Paris of Rodnlphe Kreut-
zer and on the guitar of Carulli ; in 1820
he went to Colmar, where his family then
resided, began to teach, and soon after was
given a lucrative position at Miihlhauscn,
whence he visited Paris annually for three
months, to study under Baillot, Lafont, and
Fetis. After the revolution of 1830 he be-
came chef d'orchestre of the Philharmonic
Society at 1'x auvais (Oise), and in 1S4G
director of the Conservatoire at Lille.
Works : Mass ; Concerto for violin, op. 45 ;
Fantaisic caprice for do., with pianoforte,
op. 49 ; Eludes, op. 41 ; Divertissement et
bolero for violin, op. 52 ; Duos for violin
and guitar ; Themes varies for violin, with
quartet ; Duos and nocturnes for 2 guitars;
Fantaisies, rondeaus, themes varies for gui-
tar. Fetis.

,M \( .Ml ic.VT in D. for five voices (two
soprani, alto, tenor, and bass), with organ,
strings, two oboes, two flutes, three trum-
pets, drums, and continue, by Johanu Se-
bastian Bach, first performed in the Tho-
ma-kirche, Leipsic. Christmas Day, 1721?.
Four vocal numbers were introduced by
Bach, the words of which were taken from
Kuhnau's Christmas cantata. Published by
Simrock (Bonn, 1811) ; edited by Dr. Wil-
hehu Rust for the Bacli-Gesellschaft, vol.



xi., Breitkopf & Hiirtel (Leipsic, 18G1). Ad-
ditional accompaniments to this work have
been written by Franz (full and pianoforte
score, Breslau, Leuckart). Sung at the
Leeds Musical Festival (England), Sept. 22,
1S77. Bach wrote a Magnificat for soprano
with a small orchestra, but this is lost. He
composed also a Magnificat to German
words, Meine Seel' erhebt den Herrn, for
the Feast of the Visitation. Bach-Gesell-
schaft, vol. i., No. 10. Spitta, Bach, ii.
198 ; Bitter, Bach, ii. 173 ; Robert Fran/.
Mittheilungen liber Johann Sebastian Bach's
Magnificat, Kannrodt (Halle, 1863) ; Ath-
en:eum (1877), ii. 410 ; Upton, Standard
Oratorios, 48.

MAGNIFICAT in D, for four voices and
orchestra, by Francesco Durante. This, one
of the master's noblest compositions, has
also been supplied with additional accom-
paniments by Franz, in which form it is
published, in full and pianoforte score
I Ivirmrodt, Halle, 1866). It was given for
the first time in America, in Boston, Mass.,
Music Hall, Jan. 20, 1870. Dwight's Jour-
nal, xxx. 182.

MAGNUS, DfiSmf] (Magnus Dent/),
called, born at Brussels, June 13, 182S, died
in Paris early in January, 1884. Pianist,
pupil of Vollweiler at Heidelberg, then stud-
ied at the Brussels Conservatoire, where he
won the first prize in 1S43. After several
successful concert tours through England,
( lei many, Russia, Spain, etc., he settled in



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