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I'M U, and soon secured a reputation as pi-
anist, teacher, composer, and musical critic.
Works : La Toledaue, parlour-opera, given
in Paris, Salle Taitbout, 1874 ; Sonatas,
marches, fautaisies, and other music for pi-
anoforte, and some vocal melodies. His
Methode elementaire de piano (1879) is in
great favour. Fetis.

MAHU, STEPHAN, German composer,
famous contrapuntist of the first half of the
IGth century. He is supposed to have been
a singer in the chapel of the Emperor Fer-
dinand I. To judge from his works, he was
one of the best masters of his time. Works :



Laruentationes Hieremisp, in Joannelli's j
Novas Thesaurus music;o (15(58) ; Choral
melodies in Walther's Cantioiiale (1551) ;
And other songs and motets in different
collections. Allgem. d. Biogr., xx. 98 ;
Mendel ; Fetis ; Gerber ; Schilling ; Win-
terfeld, Kirchengesaug, i. 203 ; Ambros,
Gescli., iii. 389.

MAID OF AETOIS, THE, English opera
in three acts, text by Bunn, music by Balfe,
first represented at Drury Lane, London,
May 27, 1836. It was written for Malibran,
who appeared in the title-n'ile. The rondo
finale, as sung by her, proved so effective that
it became popular throughout Europe and
was known as "Balfe's air." Kenuey, Balfe,
117 ; Edwards, The Prima Donna, ii. 154.

comic opera in three acts, text by Fitzball,
music by Balfe, first represented at Drury
Lane, London, Dee. 20, 18-47. The subject
is the same as Flotow's Marlha. Keuuey,
Balfe, 218; Athenrcum (1847), 1330.

MAID OF ORLEANS, sonata for piano-
forte, by William Sterndale Bennett, op.
46. Subject, Schiller's tragedy. I. Andante
Pastorale, Auf der Weide, in A-flat ; II. Im
Felde, in A-flat minor ; III. Adagio, Im
Gefangniss, in E ; TV. Finale, " Kurz ist der
Schmerz und ewig ist die Freude." Pub-
lished by Kistuer (Leipsic, 187(1). Grove,
iii. 580.

MAID OF ORLEANS, incidental music
to Schiller's tragedy, by Frederic H. Cowen,
first performed at the Brighton (England)
Musical Festival ill February, 1871, conduct-
ed by the composer. It was performed at
the Glasgow Orchestral Concert, under the
direction of Sir Arthur Sullivan, Dec. 23,
1875. L Overture ; II. Entr'acte ; III.
Scherzo ; TV. March.

MAILLARD, JEAN, French composer,
of the IGth century. He seems to have
lived in Paris, but nothing is known of his
position. Works : Mass in the Pontifical
Chapel in Rome ; Other masses ; 20 canti-
ones sacrre (Paris, 15C1) ; Songs and motets
in various collections. Fotis; Mendel.

MAILLART (LOUIS), called AIMfi, born
at Montpellier (Herault), France, March
24, 1817, died at Moulins (Allier), May 26,
1871. Dramatic composer, pupil at Paris
Conservatoire of Gueriu on the violin, of
Elwart and Leborne in harmony and com-
position ; obtained the grand prix for com-
position in 1841, spent two years in Italy,
and visited Vienna and the principal cities
of Germany on his return to Paris. Works
Operas, all given in Paris : Gastibelza,
1847 ; Le moulin des tilleuls, 1849 ; La croix
de Marie, 1852 ; Les dragons de Villars,
1856 ; Les pucheurs de Cataue, 1860 ; Lara,
1864. 2 cantatas. Ft'tis ; do., Supplement,
ii. 148 ; Riemann ; Larousse ; Clement,
Mus. celebres, 621.

born in Brussels, Nov. 27, 1833, still living,
1889. Organist and pianist, pupil at Brus-
sels Conservatoire of Girschner ; became
accompanist at the Theatre de la Monnaie,
organist of St. Joseph's Church, professor
of pianoforte at the Conservatoire in 1861,
of the organ in 1869, and organist of the
Carmelite Church. He has played in Paris,
London, Amsterdam, and other cities, and
Berlioz calls him one of the most learned
of organ virtuosos. Works : Organ sona-
tas, fantaisies, morceaux de genre, etc., for
organ ; Serenade, for flute, violin, violon-
cello, organ, and pianoforte ; Trio for pi-
anoforte and strings ; Collection of pieces
for pianoforte ; Motets for 1-4 voices,
with organ ; Melodies and chorals. Ft'tis,
Supplement, ii. 149 ; Mendel, Ergiinz.,

in Nuremberg in 1750, died there, April 22,
1815. Pianist and organist, pupil of Gruber,
early acquired great facility in playing wind
instruments, and hi 1768 became oboist in
the city orchestra, in 1770 its organist, in
1780 organist at St. Lorenz, and in 1796
Kapellmeister of the city orchestra, having
already for twelve years conducted the stand-
ard winter concerts. Works : Der Spiegel-
ritter, opera, given at Nuremberg about



Joseph's IL Tocltenfeicr, melodrama ; Die
Auferstehung uiul Himmelfahrt Jesu, ora-
torio (text by Rainier) ; Masses, Te Deurn,
church cantatas, and other sacred music ;
Symphonies for orchestra ; Sonatas and
concertos for pianoforte, etc. Fi'-tis ; Schil-

17l')il, died after 1827. Virtuoso on the vio-
lin and clarinet player ; at first a member
of the chamber music of the Margrave of
Brandenburg-Sehwedt, entered the service
of the Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz in 1 7'.i.">,
and of the King of Bavaria in 1807.
Works: G quartets for flute, violin, viola,
and violoncello ; Rondo espagnol varie for
violin, with quartet; (Jernian songs for 4

MAINZER, Abbe JOSEPH, born at
Treves in 1801, died at Manchester, Eng-
land, Nov. 10, 1851. He received his mu-
sical education in his native town, and be-
came teacher of singing in the seminary
there. His political opinions compelled
him to leave Germany, and he went to
Brussels, and thence to Paris, where he
taught, and wrote musical criticisms. In
l.s:!'.i he went to England, where he started
classes on Wilhem's system and was quite
successfid. Works Operas : Le triomphe
de la Pologue, about 1832, and La Jac-
querie, 1838 ; Singschule (Treves, 1831).
Mrthode de chant pour les enfants (Paris,
1835, 2d ed., 1838) ; Mcthode de chant
pour voix d'hommes, P.ibliothrqiic olemen-
taire du chant (ib., 183(1) ; Mrthode pra-
tique de piano pour les enfants, Abdce'daire
de chant (ib., 1837) ; Ecole chorale (ib.,
1H3S) ; Cent melodies enfantines (ib., 1840);
Singing for the Million (London, 1842) ;
Esquisses musicales, ou souvenirs de voy-
age (Paris, 1838-39) ; Musical Athenamm
(London, 1842) ; Chronique mnsicale de
Paris (Paris, 1838) ; Maiuzer's Musical
Times ; Other articles on music. Grove ;
Mendel ; Riemann ; Fetis.

MAISON A VENDRE (House for Sale),
opera-comique in one act, test by Alexau-

dre Duval, music by Dalayrac, first repre-
sented at the Opera Comique, Paris, Oct.
23, 1800. Martin, Elleviou, Douzaiuville,
Mine Douzainville, and Mine Dugazou sang
the chief parts. It was one of the most
amusing operas of its time, and was long
popular. Published by Schott (Mainz).
Other operas in German, Das Hans ist zu
verkaufen, by F. A. Mauer, Munich, 1802 ;
by Hummel, Vienna, 1812 ; and by F. Zaver
Pentenrieder, Munich, 1847 ; in Italian.
Casa a vendere, by Chelard, Naples, 1S15 ;
and by Gagliardi, ib., 1834. Allgem. runs.
Zeitg., vi. 322.

MAISTRE, Baronne DE, French ama-
teur dramatic composer, contemporary.
Works : Les Roussalkas, opera, given at
Brussels, Tlu'atre de la Monimic, 1870 ;
Ninive, do. ; Cleopotre, do. ; Stabat Mater,
and other sacred music.

MAlTRE-AMBROS, opera-comique, text
by Coppi'e and Dorchain, music by Widor,
represented at the Opera Comique, Paris,
May G, 188G. Scene, in the Wars of Inde-
pendence in the Netherlands. The opera,
which was remarkably well set, met with
moderate success.

comique in two acts, text by Mine Sophie
Gay, music by Pae'r, first represented at the
Th.Vitre IVydeau, Paris, March 2!), 1821.
It ranks with Aynesr, Paer's best opera
seria. Other operas, same title, in Italian,
II maestro di cappella, by Florian G. Deller,
Munich, 1771 ; by Domenico della Maria,
Naples, 1702 ; in German, Dcr Kapellmeis-
ter, Singspiel in two acts, by Lorazi, Berlin,
1782 ; by Lasser, Gratz, 1789. Revue niu-
sicale, iii. 154.

MAJO, FRANCESCO DI, called Ciccio
di Majo, born in Naples in 1745, died in
Rome in 1770. Dramatic and church com-
poser, son and pupil of Giuseppe di Majo ;
finished his musical education at the Na-
ples Conservatorio. He began composing
at an early age and shortly before his death
was summoned to Rome to write for the
opera there. His compositions combine



great dramatic power with expressive mel-
ody and pure harmony. Works Operas : ;
Astrea Placata, Naples, 17(!0 ; Artaserse,
Ifigeuia iu Aulide, ib., 1702 ; Catone in
Utica, ib., 1703 ; Demofooute, Rome, 1704 ;
Montezuma, Turin, 17G5 ; Adriano in Siria,
Naples, 176(3 ; Alessaudro nell' Indie, ib.,
17G7 ; Autigono, ib., 1708 ; Didone abban-
donata, ib., 1709 ; Ulisse, Rome, 1709 ; Iper-
mestra, Naples, 1770 ; L'eroe Cinese, 1771 ;
First act of Eumeiie, 1771. La Gara delle
Grazie, cantata ; Gesil sotto il peso dellu
Croce, sacred drama ; 5 masses ; Psalms,
graduals, and other church music. Fetis ;
do., Suppk'meut, ii. 150 ; Mendel ; Schil-
ling ; Gerber.

MAJO, GIUSEPPE DI, bom at Naples
in 1689, died (?). Church and dramatic
composer, pupil of Alessaudro Scarlatti,
succeeded Durante as maestro di cappella
in 1727. Works : Dixit ad otto reali in
due cori ; Miserere mei a tre, con due vio-
lini ed organo ; Letauie della Madonna a
quattro voci, 2 violini, violetta ed orgauo ;
II finto Laccheo, opera buffh, Naples, tea-
tro tie' Fiorentiui, 1725 ; II vecchio avaro,
do., ib., 1727. Fetis.

MAJOCCHI, LUIGI, born iu Codoguo,
Lombardy, iu 1809, died there, October,
1830. Dramatic composer, studied at Mi-
lan, then under Simone Mayr at Bergamo ;
was afterwards violoncellist at the Teatro
Carcano, Milan. Works : Rosamuuda, given
in Milan, Scala, 1831 ; II segreto, Parma,
1833 ; Cristiua di Svezia (unfinished). Fr-

MAKKABAER, DIE (Tho Maccabees),
opera in three acts, text by Mosenthal, after
Otto Ludwig's drama of the same title,
music by Rubinstein, first represented at
the Imperial Opera House, Berlin, April 17,
1875. It was conducted by the composer
and was received with great applause. Sub-
ject : Judas Maccabreus, victorious over An-
tiochus, King of Syria, finds that the latter
has executed his mother, Leah, and his
brothers. The climax is the despair of
Judas. Original cast :

Judas Maccabeus Herr Betz.

Eleazar Herr Ernst.

Leah I'M Marianne Brandt.

Cleopatra Frl Grossi.

Noenii Frl Lehmauu.

It was represented at St. Petersburg, un-
der Rubinstein's direction, Feb. 3, 1877.
Published by Bote & Bock (Berlin, 1875).
Other operas on the same subject : In Ger-
man, Die Makkabuische Mutter, five acts
aud prologue, text by Elmeuhorst, music

by Johann Wolfgang Franck, Hamburg,
1079 ; in Italian, by Attilio Ariosti, Venice,
1704 ; I fratelli Maccabei, by Vittorio Tren-
to, Rome, 1818 ; Die MakkabiiiT, biblical
drama, with music by Seyfried, Vienna,
1818. Signale (1875), 337; (1877), 225;
(1878), 305 ; (1882), 897 ; Hauslick, Musi-
kalische Stationen, 321 ; Clement et La-
rousse, 858 ; La Mara, Mus. Studieukopf,
iii. 211.

a celebrated French song, by an unknown



author. The style of the music belongs to
the time of Louis XIV., and part of the
words are supposed to have been written
in the bivouac of Marcchal de Villars, at
Le Quesuoy, on the night after the battle of
Malplaquet, Sept. 11, 1709. It is similar
in construction to the lament on the death
of the Due de Guise, published in 15G6.
Marie Antoinette heard it sung in 1781 as a
lullaby to the infant dauphin, and singing
it herself, it soon became popular through-
out France. Bourrieuue says, in his Me-
moires, that Napoleon used to whistle it
when about to join the army, ami that his
valet always knew, when he heard him, that
a campaign was imminent. The tune is fa-
miliarly sung in English to the words, "For
he's a jolly good fellow," and " We won't go
home till morning." It is frequently used in
French vaudevilles, and Beaumarchais in-
troduced it into his " Manage de Figaro "
(1784). Beethoven made it the symbol of
the French army in his Battle Symphony,
op. 91 (18115), and Mozart used it as a theme
for ten variations (Artaria, Vienna). It is
also the subject of an opexa-bouffe, text by
Siraudin and IJusnach, music by Bizet, Jo-
nas, Legouix, and Delibes, first represented
at the Athem'e, Paris, Dec. 15, 18G7. Mas-
sou, La lyre, 272 ; (.'lenient et La-
roiisse, 7i!8 ; Eugcl, The Study of National
Music, 190 ; Rambossou, Les harmonies du
sou, 51 ; Grove.

MALUER, PIERRE VAN, born in Brus-
sels, May 13, 17-24, died there, Nov. 3,
17(58. Violinist, pupil of Croes ; was cham-
ber musician to Prince Charles of Lorraine,
having first been solo violinist at the court
opera in 1755-58. He was among tin: lirst
composers to cultivate the symphony and
the string quartet. Works : La bagarre,
comic opera, Paris, 17G2 ; 18 symphonies for
strings, 2 oboes, aud 2 horns ; G quartets
for strings ; G sonatas for 2 violins and
bass ; Violin music. Riemaun ; Viotta.

Paris, Nov. 10, 182:5, died there, May 13,>7. Virtuoso on the violin, and musical

critic, pupil of Sauzay, and at Cassel of
Spohr, whose life he wrote. He founded a
musical paper in Paris, and endeavoured to
establish popular concerts at the Theatre de
la Gaite, but being unsuccessful, returned to
Germany hi 1858, and edited the feuilleton
of the French journal at Frankfort ; in 18G4
he published Le Monde musical at Brussels.
Works : Overture to Hamlet ; Le dernier
jour d'uu coudamne, fantasia for orchestra ;
Vie du niarin, symphony for do.; La vie du
soldat, do.; Nonet for string and wind in-
struments ; Trio for pianoforte, and strings ;
Mass for male voices and wind instruments.
Fetis ; Riemaun.

MALINCONIA, LA, name given by Beet-
hoven to a romantic intermezzo of forty-
four measures, between the Scherzo and the
Finale of his quartet in B-llat, op. 18, No. G
(Lobkowilz). The tempo is Adagio, the direc-
tion, Questo pezzo si deve trattare colla piu
gran delieatezza. The theme appears twice
in the Finale. Leiiz, Beethoven, vol. i., part
i. 178 ; Grove.

vigo in 1822, still living, 1889. Dramatic
composer. Works: Giovanna di Napoli,
given at Padua, 1812 ; Attila, Venice, 184G,
afterwards as Ildegouda di Bologna, at
Milan ; Alberigo da Romano, Venice, 184G,
18G9 ; Linda d' Ispahan ; Fernando Corte/,
lyrical drama, Venice, 1851 ; A Rossini,
cantata ; Vocal melodies. Fetis ; do., Sup-
plement, ii. 151.

Lyons, Aug. 30, 1812, died at Rouen, April
5, 18G7. Dramatic singer (tenor) and corn-
poser, pupil in Paris of Chorou, and at the
Conservatoire of Garaude and Bauderali,
afterwards at Rouen pupil of Amedee
Mereaux in harmony. In 1835-43 he sang
successively on the stages at Nancy, Metz,
Lille, Lyons, Brussels, and Rouen, win-
ning applause everywhere ; but, being of
delicate constitution, he gave up the dra-
matic career, aud settled at Rouen to teach
the voice, and was also a musical critic
there for twenty years. Works : La Ven-


deenue, opera, given at lloueii, Theatre-des-
Arts, 1857 ; La truilbmauie, opera-bouffe,
ib., 18G1 ; Romances ami melodies. Fetis,
Supplement, ii. 152.

MAL 11EGGENDO. See Trowtore.

Vienna about 1730, died at Botzeu, Tyrol,
in 1791. Virtuoso on the oboe and the
English horn, pupil of his father, who was
imperial chamber musician. For several
years in the service of the Archbishop of
Salzburg, he made concert tours through
Franco, Italv, and Switzerland, creating

tl ' O

much enthusiasm, and settled at Botzeu, to
teach. Works : 3 symphonies concertantes,
for oboe and horn ; 2 do., for oboe and
bassoon ; concertos for oboe, horn, and
other instruments ; 3 sextets for oboes ; 4
quintets for oboes and flutes ; 11 quartets
for various instruments. Fetis ; Mendel ;

M'AMI, M'AMI. See Hallo in Maschera.

born at Bethune (Artois) about 1510, died
at Madrid, July, 1504. Church composer,
canon at Arras, then choir-master at the
Cathedral of Tournay ; went to Antwerp in
1558, and was called to Madrid in 1500, to
succeed Nicolas Payen as maestro de ca-
pilla to Philip II. Works: Cautiones mu-
sicrc (Paris, 1539) ; Modulorum musicalium
(ib., 1545) ; Liber quiutus caiitionuiu sa-
cral-urn, etc. (Louvaiu, 1558) ; Missa quatuor
vocum, etc. (Paris, 1508) ; other masses aud
various church music, in different collec-
tions of the 16th century. Fetis; Mendel.

MANCINELLI, LUIGI, born at Orvieto,
Feb. 5, 1848, still living, 1889. Instrumen-
tal and vocal composer, maestro di cappella
at the Teatro Apollo, Rome. Works : Mu-
sic to Pietro Cossa's Cleopatra, Rome, 1877 ;
Ixaiah, cantata, Norwich (England) Festival,
1887 ; Scene veueziaue, symphonic poem,
1889 ; Albums of vocal melodies, for 1-2
voices ; Pianoforte music. Fetis, Supple-
ment, ii. 154.

MANCINI, CURZIO, Italian composer of
the Roman school, in 1589-91 maestro di

cappella of S. M. Maggiorc, and in 1007-8
of S. Giovanni in Laterauo, and afterwards
of the Santa Casa at Loreto ; mentioned
by Cereto in 1001 as among the most emi-
nent contemporaneous composers. Works :
32 motets for 4-8 voices ; Litanies for 8
voices ; Madrigali a cinque voci (Venice,
1595). Fetis.

MANCINI, FRANCESCO, born in Naples
in 1074, died there in 1739. Dramatic com-
poser, pupil of Francesco Duraute at the
Couservatorio di Sau Loreto, of which he
became first master in 1720. He conducted
the orchestra of the Teatro San Bartolo-
meo ; was appointed second master of the
royal chapel in 1709, and first master in
1728. W T orks Operas : Alfonso, 1097 ;
L' Ariovisto, 1702 ; Gli amanti geuerosi,
1705 ; Alessaudro il Grande in Sidone,
1700 ; Engelberto, 1709 ; II Mario fuggitivo,
1710 ; Artaserse re di Persia, II gran Mo-
gol, 1713 ; II cavaliere brettoue, 1720 ; Tra-
jauo, 1723 ; Oroutea, 1728 ; Alessandro
nelle Indie, with the intermezzo, La Levan-
tina, 1732 ; Idaspe ; H Maurizio ; Music to
the drama, II geiiere umauo in cateue ; Bur-
lesque scenes to Handel's Agrippina. Ora-
torios : L' area del testameuto in Gerico,
H laccio purpureo di Raab ; Elia ; L' amor
diviuo trioufaute uella morte di Cristo.
Magnificat for eight voices ; Cantatas and
other music. Fetis ; do., Supplement, ii.
154 ; Mendel ; Schilling.

celloua, Sicily, in 1798, died in Genoa, June
6, 1852. Dramatic composer, first in-
structed on the violoncello by count Nieo-
laci, an amateur, who took him under his
protection, then pupil at the Conservatorio
of Palermo, and, in 1824, of Raimondi at
Naples, in composition. Under contract
to write ballet music for the royal theatres,
he lived in Naples until 1834, when he set-
tled in Milan, to teach the voice and compo-
sition. Works : L' isola disabitata, given at
Naples, Teatro del Foudo, about 1824 ;
Argene, ib., Teatro Sau Carlo, about 1825 ;
II niarito di mia moglie, ib., Teatro Nuovo,



about 1826 ; Gli amanti alia prova, ib.,
Teatro del Fondo, about 1827 ; II segreto,
Turin, Teatro Carignano, 1836 ; II rapi-
ineuto, Milan, 1837 ; II buoutempoue della
porta Ticinese, opera buffa, ib., 1841 ; Maria
degli Albizzi, Palermo, 1843 ; Griselda ; Bal-
lets ; Mass, and other sacred compositions ;
A Gioaccbino Rossini, cantata. Fetis; do.,
Supplement, ii. 154.

nelli da Tivoli, boru at Tivoli, Italy, begin-
ning of 17th century, died about 1670.
Dramatic composer, one of the first to
compose operas. Works : Andromeda, first
opera given publicly in Venice, 1637 ; La
maga fulminate, ib., 1638 ; Temistocle,
Florence, 1639 ; Alcale, ib., 1642 ; Ercole
uelT Erimauto, Piacenza, 1651 ; II ratto d'
Europa, ib., 1653 ; I sei gigli, Ferrara,
1666. Fetis ; Mendel.

MANENT, NICOLAS (according to Pou-
giu, FRANCISCO), born at Mahon, Mi-
norca, June 22, 1827, still living, 1889.
Church and dramatic composer, was flutist
in the theatre orchestra of his native town,
from his seventh to his fourteenth year ;
went to Barcelona in 1847, and played the
double-bass in the Teatro Liceo there, un-
til 1851, when he became maestro de ca-
pilla at the parochial church of San Jaime.
Wurks: 25 masses, mostly with orchestra;
Requiems ; 2 Stabat Mater ; Misereres, O
salutaris, litanies, etc. La tapada del retire,
zarzuela, Barcelona, Teatro Liceo, 1853 ;
Maria, do., ib., 1866 ; Tres para una, do.,
ib., Teatro Santa-Cruz, 1853 ; Gualtiero de
Mousouis, opera, ib., Liceo, 1857 ; El con-
vidado di pietra, ib., Circo, 1875 ; El pozo de
la veridad, ib. ; Ballets ; El carnaval de Ve-
necia ; Apolo ; La perla de Oriente ; La
contrabandists de rumbo, and others, ib.
Fetis, Supplement, ii. 155 ; Mendel.

MANFRED, music to Byron's poem of,
for soli, chorus, and orchestra, by Schu-
mann, op. 115, first performed in Leipsie, '
March 24, 1859. The overture, first repre- j
seuted en scene, Nov. 23, 1863, had pre-
viously been given at the Gewaudhaus,

March 14, 1852. The music, composed in
1848-49, contains many numbers of great
beauty and grandeur. Overture in E-
ilut. Part I. 1. Gesang der Geister, Dem
(lebot zieht mich heraus, for solo quartet ;
2. Erscheiuung ernes Zauberbildes, O Gott,
ist's so ; 3. Geisterbaunfluch, Weun der
Moud auf stiller Welle, for four basses ; 4.
Alpeukuhreigen, Horch, der Ton ! Part II.
5. Zwischeuactmusik ; 6. Rufung der Al-
peufee, Du schijner Geist mit deiuem Haar
aus Licht ; 7. Hymuus der Geister Ari-
niiui's, Heil uuserm Meister, chorus ; 8.
Chorsatz, Wirf in den Staub dich ; 9. Chor-
satz, Zermalmt den Wurm ; 10. Beschwu-
rung der Astarte, Schatteu ! Geist ! Was
immer du sci'st ; 11. Manfred's Anspruch
der Astarte, O hore, hor' mich, Astarte,
Nachspiel. Part III. 12. Melodramatisch,
Eiu Friede kam auf mich ; 13. Abschied
von der Sonne, Glorreiche Scheibe ; 14.
Melodramatisch, Blick' nur hierher ; 15.
Schlusssceue, Klostergesang, Requiem teter-
nam dona eis, Chorus. The overture, one
of Schumann's greatest, was published by
Breitkopf & Hartel (Leipsie, 1852) ; the
full score (ib., 1853). Overture arranged
fur pianoforte for two hands by Schu-
mann, for four hands by Carl Reiuecke,
the other numbers without the overture,
for pianoforte for two and for four hands,
by A. Horn. The overture was first per-
formed by the Philharmonic Society of
New York in the season of 1858-59, and
the entire music in 1868-69. Reissmann,
Schumann, 161 ; Maitlaml, Schumann, 90 ;
Allgem. mus. Zcitg. (1S63), 829 ; NeueZeit.
fiir Mus. (1886), 181 ; Hanslick, Concert-
wesen in Wien, ii. 175 ; Grove ; Waldersee,
Sammluug musikaliseher Vortriige, ii. 1 ; iv.

MANFRED, symphony by Tschaikow-
sky, op. 58, first performed in Moscow,
April 15, 1886 ; by the Philharmonic So-
ciety of New York, Dec. 4, 1886. It is
dedicated to Mily Balakirev. In four ta-
bleaux after Byron. I. Manfred dans les
Alpes (Lento lugubre) ; II. La fee des Alpes



(Vivace con spirito) ; III. Pastorale (An-
dante con moto) ; IV. Le palais souterrain
d'Ariinane, Mort de Manfred (Allegro con
fuoco). Published by Turgenson (Moscow
and St. Petersburg, 1886) ; by Felix Mac-
ker (Paris). Arranged for the pianoforte
for four hands. Krehbiel, Review (1886
-87), 58.

MANFREDI, FILIPPO, born at Lucca,
Italy, in 1729, died there, July 12, 1777.
Virtuoso on the violin, pupil of Tartini ;
closely allied with his countryman Bocche-
rini, the two friends started, in 1769, on
a concert tour through Lombardy, Pied-
mont, and Southern France to Paris, where
Manfredi created much enthusiasm by his
playing in Boccherini's trios and quartets.
Proceeding to Madrid, they were loaded
with favors by the Infante Don Luis, who
made Maufredi first violinist of his cham-
ber music; and returned to Lucca in 1773.
Works : Several concertos for violin ; Trios
for strings ; G soli for violin ; 6 sonatas for
do., with bass. Futis ; do., Supplement,
ii. 155 ; Mendel.

Bologna in 1673, died (?). Virtuoso on the
violin, elected member of the Accademia
Filarmonica in 1704. Works : Concertiui
par camera a violino e violoncello (Bologna,
1704) ; Sinfonia da chiesa a due violini con
1' orgauo obligate e viola ad libitum (ib.,
1709) ; Concerti a due violini e basso, con
viola e violini di riuforzo (ib., 1718). Fe-

Pistoja, Italy, first half of 18th century,
died at Bologna, probably before 1800.
Dramatic composer, and writer on music,

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