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pupil at Bologna of Perti, and at Milan of
Fioroui. In 1755 he went to St. Peters-
burg, with a company of singers, and
through the composition of some spirited
ballet music won the favor of the Empress,
who chose him as instructor on the piano-
forte for the Grand-duke Paul, whose cham-
ber music he afterwards also conducted.
Finding his star waning, after the arrival



of Galuppi in St. Petersburg, he retired in
1769 to Bologna, where he devoted him-
self to literary pursuits. Works Operas :
Olimpiade ; Alessandro nell' Indie, and
others ; Ballets ; 6 sonatas for harpsichord ;
Didactic writings. Fetis ; Mendel ; Schil-
ling.

MANFROCE, NICOLA ANTONIO, born
at Palmi, Calabria, Feb. 20, 1791, died in
Naples, July 9, 1813. Dramatic composer,
pupil of Tritto in Naples and of Zingarelli
in Rome. Works Operas : Alzira, Rome,
1810 ; Piramo e Tisbe ; Ecuba, Naples,
1813. Cantatas : Armida ; La nascita d' Al-
cide. Miserere, for 3 choruses ; 6 sympho-
nies, for orchestra ; 3 Masses ; Vespers ;
Airs ; Duets. Fetis ; do., Supplement, ii.
155 ; Mendel ; do., Ergiinz., 258.

MANGOLD, (JOHANN) WILHELM,
born in Darmstadt, Nov. 19, 1796, died
there, May 23, 1875. Son and pupil of
Georg Mangold (1767-1835) on the violin,
and pupil of Rinck and Abt Vogler in
theory ; was violinist in an orchestra at the
age of fourteen, studied at the Paris Con-
servatoire in 1815-18, under MOhul and
Cherubiui. Returning to Darmstadt about
1819, he became court musician and Con-
zertmeister ; appointed Court Kapellmeister
in 1825, he retained the position until 1858,
when he was pensioned. Works Operas :
Merope, 1823 ; Graf Ory ; Die vergebliche
Vorsicht. Ciicilia, cantata ; Music for Die
beiden Galeeren-Sclaveu, Macbeth, and The
Merchant of Venice, cantatas ; Symphonies ;
Overtures ; Quintet for wind instruments ;
Quartets for strings ; Music for horn or
clarinet and pianoforte ; Music for violin ;
Choruses and songs. Fetis ; Mendel ;
Schilling.

MANGOLD, KARL (LUDWIG AMAND),
born in Darmstadt, Oct. 8, 1813, died in
London, Oct. 31, 1887. Pupil of his father
and of his brother, Wilhelm Mangold ; stud-
ied in 1830-39 at the Paris Conservatoire
under Bertou and Bordogui, also received
instruction from Neukomrn and Saussaye.
Returning to his native city, he became



MANNA



director of the Musikvcrcin in 1830, the
Sangerkranz, tlie Ciieilia, ami in 1869 75, of
the Mozartverein ; was director of the court
music in 1848-09, when he was pensioned.
He was popular throughout German}'
through his quartets for male voices.
Works Operas : Das Kohlermadchen ;
Tannhauser ; Gudrun ; Dornroschen. Con-
cert dramas : Frithjof ; Hermann's Tod ; Ein
Morgen am Rheiu ; Barbarossa's Erwachen ;
DCS Miidchen's Klage, dramatic scene ;
Die Hermannsschlacht, concert-melodrama.
Oratorios ; Wittekind ; Aliraham ; Israel in
der AViiste. Elysium, symphony-cantata ;
Die Weisheit des Mirza Sehaffy, cantata for
male chorus, soli, an<l orchestra, 1876 ; 2
symphonies ; Chamber music ; Quartets,
songs, and choruses. Mendel ; Riemann ;
Fctis.

MA XX A (Manni), GEXNAltO, born in
Naples in 17-1, died there in 1788. I'IM-
matic and church composer, studied at the
Conservatorio di Loreto in Naples ; suc-
ceeded Durante there in 1750 as teacher of
composition. Works Operas: Adriano
placato, given at Eerrara, 1748 ; Eiimcno,
Turin, 1750 ; Didone abbandonata, Venice,
1751 ; Siroi 1 , ib., 175:5 ; Achillc in Si-iro,
Lilian, 1755 ; Temistocle, Piacenza, 1701 ;
II trionfo di Maria Vergiuc assunta in
( u lo, oratorio ; Sacred cantata; Pastoral;
Masses ; Psalms ; Motets, and other church
music. Fetis ; Mendel; Schilling.

MAXNA, RUGGIERO, born in Trieste,
April 6, 1808, died at Cremona, May 14,
1*01. Dramatic and church composer, son
of the singer Carolina Bassi, and pupil in
Milan of Viucenzo Lavigna, at Bologna of
Donelli on the pianoforte and of Mattel in
counterpoint, finally in Vienna of Czeruy on
the pianoforte, of Maysecler on the violin,
and of Stadler and Weigl in counterpoint.
After his return to Trieste in 1832, he be-
came maestro concertatore at the theatre,
and in 1835 maestro di cappella of the ca-
thedral, acting later also as musical director
of the theatre there. Works Operas :
Francesca da Rimiui (never performed) ;



1 Jacopo di Valenza, Trieste, 1832 ; Preziosa,
Casal Maggiore, 1845 ; II profeta velato,
Trieste, 1846. Cantata ; 18 masses ; 30
psalms ; 20 hymns ; Much other church mu-
sic ; Overtures ; Concert pieces. Fetis,
Supplement, ii. 157 ; La Sceua (Trieste,
18(14), No. C, 21-24; Mendel, Ergiinz.,
259 ; L' Osservatore triestino (1804), No.
120 ; Wurzbach.

MANNS, FERDINAND, born at Witzen-
hauseu on the Werra, Aug. 27, 1844, still
living, 1889. Instrumental composer, pu-
pil of Otto Kraushaar at Cassel, since 1800
member of the theatre orchestra at Bremen.
Works : Entr'actes for dramas, mostly per-
formed at Bremen ; Other orchestral music ;
Quintets, quartets, and trios for strings ;
Concert pieces and sonatas for violin and
for violoncello, with pianoforte, etc. Men-
del.

MANNSTADT, FRANZ, born at Bielefeld,
July 8, 1852, still living, 1889. Pianist,
pupil of Erlich at Stern's Conservatorium in
Merlin, where he became instructor of pi-
anoforte in 1879, having first been Kapell-
meister at Mainz in 1874-70, and conductor
of the symphony orchestra in Berlin, from
1*70. He has published chamber music,
pianoforte pieces, and songs. Mendel;
Riemann.

MAXNSTADT, WILHELM, born at
I'.ielefeld, May 30, 1837, still living, 1889.
Dramatic composer, self-taught, having first
been a merchant and manufacturer ; then
led a wandering life as actor, Kapellmeister
of small opera troupes, and manager, until
he settled in Berlin in 1805. For several
years he was connected with the minor
theatres there, and conductor of musical
societies ; he wrote and composed more than
fifty comedies, farces, operettas, etc., and
in 1874 published Der Kunstfreuud, an art
periodical. Mendel ; Riemann.

MANON, opera-comique in three acts,
text by Meilhac and Gille, music by Mas-
senet, first represented at the Opera Co-
mique, Paris, Jan. 19, 1884, with great
success. It is one of the best modern



512



MAN ON



French operas. Subject, from the Abbe
Prevost's romance, " Histoire du Chevalier
Desgrieux et tie Marion Lescaut " (Paris,
1733). Original Cast :

Manon Lescaut (S.) Mine Heilbroun.

Le chevalier Desgrieux (T.) M. Talazac.

De Bretigny (B.) M. Taskiu.

The opera was given in London in May,
1885 ; in New York, with Minnie Hauk as
Manou, Dec. 23, 1885. Siguale (1884),
151 ; AtheufBum (1885), G39 ; Krehbiel,
Review (1885-8G), 80.

MANON LESCAUT, ballet-pantomime
in three acts, text by Scribe, music by
Halevy, first represented at the Academic
Royale de Musique, Paris, May 3, 1830.

MANON LESCAUT, opera-comique in
three acts and five tableaux, text by Scribe,
music by Auber, first represented at the
Opera Comique, Paris, Feb. 23, 185G. Sub-
ject, from the Abbe Prevost's romance.
Original cast :

Manon Lescaut (S. ) Mme Cabel.

Marguerite (A..) Mile Lemercier.

Le chevalier Desgrieux (T.) M. Puget,

Le marquis d'Herigny (B.) M. Faure.

Published by Bote & Bock, and by
Schlesiiiger (Berlin) ; by Simrock (Bonn) ;
by Heinrichshof en (Magdeburg) ; by Rozsa-
vOlgyi (Pesth), and by Haslinger and by
Spiiia (Vienna). Clement et Larousse, 427 ;
Revue et Gazette niusicale de Paris (185G),
6G.

MANRY, CHARLES CASIMIR, born in
Pnris, Feb. 8, 1823, died there, Jan. 18,
186(3. Church composer, studied law, but
an independent fortune allowing him to
follow his preference for music, he became
a pupil of Elwart in harmony and counter-
point. His first inasa was performed in
1844. Works : 5 masses ; 8 motets ; Te
Deum, and other church music ; Symphony
and a serenade for orchestra ; Trio for
strings ; 3 quartets for do.; Duo for piano-
forte and violin ; La sorciere des eaux, an
orchestral overture ; Les Natchez, an ora-



i torio ; Les disciples d'Emmaiis, a mystery,
for 3 voices, chorus, and orchestra ; Les
deux Espagnols, opera-boufle, Paris, 1854 ;
La bourse, ou la vie, opera-comique, ib. ; La
premiere pierre de 1'eglise d'Argis, a Wal-
lachiau legend. Fetis ; Larousse ; Mendel.

MANSFELDT, EDGAR. See Piei-son,
Henry Hugo.

MANSUY, FRANCOIS CHARLES, born
at Amsterdam, Feb. 18, 1783, died at Lyons,
October, 1847. Instrumental composer, pu-
pil of his father, then studied chiefly after the
works of Bach, acquiring a marvellous facil-
ity, and won much applause on concert tours
through Germany and France. Having
lived and taught the pianoforte, successively
at Lille, Lyons, Bordeaux, and Nantes, he
finally settled at Lyons. Works : An opera,
given at Nantes ; Symphony for orchestra ;
Overture for do. ; 2 concertos for pianoforte
and orchestra ; Quintet for pianoforte,
strings, and horn ; do. for strings ; Pasto-
rale en trio, for pianoforte and strings ;
Duos, nocturnes, sonatas, for pianoforte and
other instruments ; Sonatas, fantaisies, rou-
deaux, canons, fugues, etc., for pianoforte.
Fetis ; Mendel.

MANTIUS, EDUARD, born in Schwerin,
Jan. 18, 180G, died at Ilmeuau, Thuriugia,
-July 4, 1874. Studied law at Rostock and
Leipsic ; in the latter place became pupil of
Pohlenz in singing, and later studied under
Naueuburg in Halle. He made his debut
in Berlin in 1830 at the royal opera, and re-
mained there as tenor until his retirement
in 1857, appearing in 152 characters. The
rest of his life was spent in teaching sing-
ing. Works : Lieder with pianoforte ac-
companiment. Mendel ; Schilling ; Fetis;
Allgem. d. Biogr., xx. 272.

MANZONI REQUIEM. See Requiem,
Verdi.

MAOMETTO SECONDO, Italian opera
in three acts, text by the Duke Veutignano,
music by Rossini, first represented at the
Teatro San Carlo, Naples, during the car-
nival of 1820. The opera was remodelled
as Le siege de Coriuthe. Published by



513



MAUAIS



Ricorcli (Milan). Other operas of the same
title, in German, three acts, text by Hinsch,
music by Reinhard Keiser, Hamburg, 1G96 ;
in French, three acts, text by Saulnier, mu-
sic by Jadiu, Paris, Oct. 10* 1803 ; in Ital-
ian, text by Romaiii, music by Peter von
Winter, Milan, Jan. 28, 1817, Darmstadt,
1X21 ; and Mahmoud, English opera by
Storace, London, 179G. Edwards, Rossini,
224 ; Escudier, Rossini, 155.

MAKAIS, MARIN, born in Paris, Maivli
31, 1G56, died thciv, Aug. 15, 172S. Vir-
tuoso on the viol da gamba, and dramatic
composer, pupil of Hottemaim and of Saiute-
Colombe, and in composition of Lully. He
was solo player in the king's chamber music
in 1085-1725. Works Operas : Alcide(with
Louis de Lully), 1693 ; Ariane et Bacchus,
1696; Alcione, 1706; Scnu'lc, 1709; Trios
for flute, violin, and viol da gamba ; Many
pieces for viol da gamba. His sou Roland
was also a distinguished artist on the same
instrument, and succeeded him as solo play-
er in 1725. He composed cantatas and
music for viol da gamba, and published
Xmivelle methode de musiquo (1711). Fe-
tis ; do., Supplement, ii. 151) ; Mendel ; Rie-
inaun.

MARCELLO, BENEDETTO, born in
Venice, Aug. 1, 1686,
died in Brescia, July
24, 1739. He was
of noble family, the
son of Agostiuo
Marcello and Paola
Capello ; pupil in
music of Lotti and
G a spar in i ; first
studied the violin,
but soon applied

himself wholly to singing and composition.
His father sent him from home to studv
law ; but, after his father's death, he re-
turned to Venice and combined his musical
studies with the practice of Lis profession.
He held several important government
posts, was a member of the Council of
for fourteen years, was Proveditore




at Pola in 1730-38, then went as Gamer-
lingo to Brescia, after a brief stay in Ven-
ice. He was a member also of the Pastori
Arcadi at Rome, and in 1712 was chosen
Cavaliere to the Filarmouici of Bologna.
Besides his musical gift, he was an eloquent
writer, and a poet of above the average
merit. As a composer, he ranks with the
greatest of his time. He owed most of his
musical forms to Lotti, and the influence of
Clari is distinctly to be felt in his style ;
but the poetic expressiveness, and daring
originality of his themes, together with the
variety of the effects he produced, were all
his own. He composed music in almost
every form then iu vogue, but his fifty
Psalms are his best known work, as well as
the most enduring monument of his great-
ness. A MS. pamphlet attributed to him,
entitled "Lettera famigliare d' un Aecadc-
inico filarmouico," anonymously circulated
in Venice, in which some of his master
Lotti's compositions were severely handled,
made a good deal of noise at the time.

L Published Works : (Joucerti a cinque
istromenti, op. 1 (Venice, Sala, 1701) ; So-
nata di cembalo, op. 2, ib., Giuditta, ora-
torio per musica (Venice, Domeuico Lovisa,
1710) ; Souate a cinque e flauto solo col
basso contiuuo (Venice, Sala, 1712) ; Can-
y.oni madrigalesche ed Arie per camera a
due, a tre, a quattro voci, etc., op. 4 (Bo-
logna, Silvani, 1717) ; II teatro alia moda, o
sin metodo sicuro e facile per beu comporro
ed eseguire le opere italiane in musica, etc.
(a famous prose satire, Venice, 1720 ; other
cds., ib., 1727, 1733, 1738 ; Florence, Piatti,
1841) ; Estro poetico-armouico, parafrasi
sopra i primi veuticinque salmi, poesia di
Girolamo Ascauio Giustiniaui, musica di
Benedetto Marcello, etc. (Venice, Lovisa,
1724, 4 vols.) ; Estro poetico-armouico, pa-
rafrasi sopra i secondi venticiuque salmi,
etc. (ib., ib.,' 1726-27, 4 vols. ; other eds. of
the whole : London, Avisou, 1750, with
English text ; Venice, Domenico Pompeati,
175- ; ib., Sebastiauo Valle, 1803-08, 8
vols. ; 50 Salmi di Davidde parafrasati da



514



MAUCELLO



Giustiniani, a 2, 3, e 4 voci, iu partitura,
con accoiupagnameuto di pianoforte, etc.
Paris, Carli, 4 parts iu 12 books) ; Some
collections of verses, sonnets, plays, and
burlesque poems.

II. Works in MS. : Calisto iu Orsa, pas-
torale a cinque voci acl uso di sceua (libretto
published, Venice, Lovisa, 1725) ; La fede
riconosciuta, dramma per musica, Viceuza,
1702, revived in 1729 as La conmiedia di
Doriuda (libretto published) ; Arianna, in-
treccio sceuico musicalo a cinque voci (li-
bretto published, Venice, n. d.) ; Lettera
famigliare d' mi Accademico filarmonico ed
Arcade, discor.siva sopra uu libro di duetti,
terzetti e madrigali a piu voci, stampato in
Venezia da Antonio Bartoli, 1705 (anony-
mous diatribe against Lotti) ; Teoria musi-
cale ordinata alia moderua prattica, etc.
(written in 1707) ; Alcuui avvertimeuti al
Veneto Giovanetto Patrizio, etc. ; Cassan-
dra, cantata for 1 voice and continue ; Ti-
moteo, do. for 2 voices, ou Conti's transla-
tion of Drydeu's "Alexander's Feast;"
Sereuata da cantarsi alia corte di Vienna il
primo d' ottobre 1725 ; 2 comic madrigals
for 4 voices ; Lettera scritta dal siguor Carlo
Antonio Benatti alia signora Vittoria Tesi,
posta in musica dal Marcello ; Gioas, ora-
torio for 4 voices and instruments ; La
Psiclie, iutreccio musicale a cinque voci ;
20 cantatas for 1 voice with instruments ;
27 duets with coutiimo ; Many cantatas for
a female voice with clavecin ; Miserere for
2 tenors and bass ; Mass for 4 voices and
orchestra ; 2 masses, of which one is with
organ ; Lanientazioni di Geremia ; Tantum
ergo, 6 voc., in canon ; In omnem terrain,
do. ; Salve Regina, 7 voc., in canon : II trl-
onfo della poesia e della musica uel cele-
brarsi la uiorte, la esaltazioiie, e la iucoro-





nazione di Maria, sempre vergine, assunta
in cielo, oratorio sagro a G voci, 1733.
Caffi, Della vita e del comporre di Bene-



detto Marcello, etc. (Venice, Picotti, 1830 ;
reprinted in the same author's Storia della
musica sacra, etc., p. 173-220) ; Crevel de
Charlemagne, Sommaire de la vie et des
ouvrages de Benedict Marcello (Paris, Du-
verger, 1841) ; Fctis.

MAECELLO, MAECO MAECELLIANO,
born at San Gerolamo Lupatolo, Province
of Verona, Italy, about 1817, died at Milan,
July 25, 18G5. Pianist and writer on mu-
sic, pupil of Mercadaute at Novara, and at
Naples. In 1848 he settled at Turin to
teach the pianoforte and singing, founded
a theatrical journal there in 1854, and trans-
ferret! it to Milan in 1859. He furnished
about thirty librettos to various dramatic
composers, and also translated into Italian
those of several French operas. Works :
2 operas ; Masses for 3 voices and organ ;
Miniera teatrale, a series of divertissements
on operatic themes ; Mazzolino primaverile,
10 dances in form of etudes ; Arc-en-ciel, col-
lection of pianoforte pieces ; Sere d'autunno,
6 ariettas. Fetis, Supplement, ii. 1GO.

MAECELLUS MASS. See Mtxxa Papa;
Marcelli.

MAIICHAND, LOUIS, born iu Lyons,
Feb. 2, 1G69, died in
Paris, Feb. 17, 1732.
He was organist of
the cathedral at Ne-
vers in 1G84, later at
Auxerrc, and about
1797 at the Jesuit
Church in Paris ; re-
ceived similar ap-
pointments at several
other churches there,

and finally in the royal chapel at Versailles.
He was exiled in 1717, and became engaged
in a contest with Bach in Dresden, but so
signal was his defeat that he returned to
Paris and became a music teacher. Works :
Pyraiue et Thisbe, opera ; Book of organ
pieces ; 3 books of pianoforte pieces. Fr-
tis ; Eiemanu ; Mendel ; Schilling ; Gerber.

MAECHE DES DAVIDSBUNDLEE.
See Carnavai.




MAKCIIK



MARCHE FUNEBRE. See Trixtia.

MARCHE IXDIEXXE. SeeL'Africaine.

]VIARCHE MAROCAINE, for the piano-
forte, by Leopold cle Meyer. Arranged by
Berlioz for orchestra, published by Escu-
dier (Paris).

MARCH OF THE MONKS OF BAX-
GOR, cantata for male chorus, tenor solo,
and orchestra, by George E. "Whiting, op.
40, first performed by the Apollo Club, Bos-
ton, Feb. 23, 1887.

MARCHENBILDER, 4 pieces for piano-
forte and viola, by Schumann, op. 113,
composed in 1851, dedicated to J. von
"\Yasielewsky. I. Nicht sclmell, in D minor ;
H. Lebhaft, in F. HI. Rasch, in D minor ;
IV. Langsam, mit melancholischem Aus-
druck, in D major. Published by Carl
Luckardt (Cassel, 1852). Arranged for pi-
anoforte for four hands by F. G. Jansen.

MARCHENERZAHLUNGEN, 4 pieces
for clarinet (ad libitum violin), viola, and
pianoforte, by Schumann, op. 132, com-
posed in 1853, dedicated to Albert Die-
trich. I. Lebhaft, uicht zu schnell, in B-tlat ;

II. Lebhaft uud sehr markirt, in G minor ;

III. Ruhiges Tempo, mit zartem Ausdruck,
in G ; IV. Lebhaft, sehr markirt, in B-flat.
Published by Bnitkopf A Hiirtel (LeipMe,
1854). Arranged for pianoforte for four
hands by F. G. Jansen.

MAECHESE DI TULIP ANO, IL, Italian
opera in two acts, music by Paisiello, first
represented in Rome in 1760. Given in
Berlin, Jan. 19, 1812. Cherubiui inserted
six airs in this opera in 17SC.

MARCHESI, MATHILDE DE CAS-
TRONE, born (Graumann) in Frankfort-
on-the-Maiu, March 2G, 1820, still living,
1889. Pupil of Nicolai in Vienna in 1843,
and of Garcia in Paris in 1845 ; removed
to London in 1849, and became well known
as a concert singer, appearing with success
in Holland, Belgium, Germany, France, and
Switzerland, as well as in England. She
married Signer Marchesi in 1852 ; was pro-
fessor of singing at the Vienna Couserva-
torium in 1854-01 ; taught in Paris ; was



professor at the Cologne Conservatorium in
1805-08 ; and agaiu professor in Vienna in
1809-78. Among her pupils were Mmo
Schuch-Proska, Miles Smeroschi and d'An-
geri, lima di Murska, Gabrielle Kraus, and
Etelka Gerster. The Emperor of Austria
conferred upon her the Cross of Merit of
the first class, and she has received many
medals and decorations. Works : 24 vo-
calises pour soprano ; Exercices ulemen-
taires ; Vocalises pour une, deux et trois
voix ; Etudes d'agilitu avec paroles ; Eeolu
Marchesi, 1'Art du chant. Fetis, Supple-
nieut, ii. 102 ; Mendel, vii. 55 ; Riemann ;
Grove.

MARCHESI, SALVATORE, Cavaliere de
Castrone, Marchese dolla Rajata, born in
Palermo, Jan. 15, 1822, still living, 1889.
Pupil of Raimondi in his native town, and
of Lamperti and Fontana in Milan. Hav-
ing taken part in the revolution of 1848,
he was forced to leave Italy, and going to
America, m;ule his debut in New York.
On his return to Europe he settled in Lon-
don and studied under Garcia ; married
Mile Graumann in 1852, and with her
made concert tours in Germany, England,
and Belgium. He has appeared success-
fully in opera, and taught singing in the
Vienna and Cologne Conservatoriums.
Since 1881 he has lived in Paris. Works :
French, German, and Italian songs ; Mo-
thode de chant ; Sei nuovi canti siciliani ;
Riassunto dell' arte del canto, a series of 20
vocal exercises. He has also translated
many librettos ; and is author of a book,
Relazione sugli Instrument! musical! quali
erano rappresentati all' Esposizione univer-
sal e di Vienna nel Giugno (1873). Fetis,
Supplement, ii. 101 ; Riemaun ; Grove ;
Mendel.

MARCHESI, TOMMASO, born at Lis-
bon, March 7, 177G, died at Bologna after
1840. Instrumental and vocal composer,
pupil in Venice of Grazioli, and of Padre,
Martini in composition. Having conducted
opera in several places near Bologna, he
was engaged in the same capacity at Bo-



sits



MARCIIETTI




logna for twenty-two years, and afterwards
taught singing and composition. Until
about 1840 he superintended the music in
all the churches of Bologna. His composi-
tions, consisting of church music of various
description, cantatas, overtures, arias, and
other vocal music, remain in manuscript ;
he could not be induced to publish any of
them. Mendel.

MARCHETTI, FILIPPO, born at Bolo-
gnola, near Camerino,
Feb. 26, 1835, still
living, 1889. Dra-
matic composer, pu-
pil of Biudi, then at
the Conservatorio San
Pietro a Majella,
in Naples, of Giu-
seppe Lillo and Carlo
Conti. Settled in
Rome, to teach sing-
ing, but three years later went to Milan.
Since 1881 he has been president of the
Accademia di Sta. Cecilia, Rome. Works
Operas : Gentile di Varano, Turin, 185G ; La
demente, ib., and Rome, 1857 ; II Paria, ib.,
1858 ; Romeo eGiulietta, Trieste, 1865 ; Rity
Bias, Milan, La Scala, 18G9 ; L' amore alia
prova, Turin, 1873 ; Gustavo Wasa, Milan,
1875 ; Don Giovanni d' Austria, Turin, 1880.
Overture ; Chceur de Corsaires ; Ave Maria ;
Vocal compositions. Fotis, Supplement, ii.
163 ; Riemanu ; Mendel.

MARCO AURELIO, Italian opera in
three acts, text by Terzago, music by Stef-
fani, first represented in Munich, in 1C81.
A MS., thought to be the conducting score,
is in Buckingham Palace. Grove.

MARECHAL FERRANT, LE (The Far-
rier), French opura-comique in two acts,
text by Qiu'tant and Auseaume, music by
Francois Andre Danican Philidor, first rep-
resented at the Thi'atre de la Foire Saint-
Laurent, Paris, Aug. 22, 17G1. The scene
passes in the shop of Marcel, the farrier.
Characters represented : Marcel ; Labrido,
a coachman ; Colin ; Claudiue ; and Jean-
nette. The libretto is insignificant, but



the music is well written and interesting.
There is no overture. Same title, opura-
comique in one act, by Stcveniers, Brussels,
Dec. 3, 1862. Clement et Larousse, 429 ;
Rev. et Gaz. musicale de Paris (1859), 318.

MAREK, LOUIS, born in Galicia in
1837, still living, 1889. Pianist, pupil of
Liszt, won brilliant success 011 concert
tours through Russia and Austria, and set-
tled at Lemberg, to teach. His composi-
tions for the pianoforte are superior.

MARENZIO, LUCA, born at Coccaglia,
between Bergamo and Brescia, 1550-60,
:lied in Rome, Aug. 22, 159',). His parents
were poor villagers, but his earlier biogra-
phers unite in claiming for him descent from
a noble family of Bergamo or Brescia.
When veiy young he went as choir-boy to
Brescia, where the Archpriest Andrea Ma-
zetto detected his talent and took him un-
:ler his patronage. Ho studied music uu-
:ler Giovanni Contini. In 1580 he was in
Venice, where his first book of 5-voice mad-
rigals was published in that year, to be
followed by eight other books, one every
year (except 1588), until 1589. Six books
of 6-voice madrigals appeared also at inter-
vals from 1582 to 1590. New editions
appeared rapidly, and in 1593 P. Phalesius
published a complete edition. Four-voice
madrigals were published between 1592
and 1608, and five books of 3-voice Villa-
nelle alia napoletana appeared (also at Ven-
ice) from 1584 to 1605. Marenzio was in
Rome in 1582 and twice in 1584, remaining
the last time until July 15, 1585, having held
the post of maestro di cappella to the Car-
dinal d' Este. About 1587 he went to Po-
land to occupy a post at court with a salary
of one thousand scudi per annum ; he remain-
ed there several years, and was held in the



Online LibraryJohn Denison ChamplinCyclopedia of music and musicians (Volume 2) → online text (page 79 of 93)