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highest honour and knighted by Sigisniund
HI., but the climate proving too severe for
him he returned in 1595 to Rome, where
Cardinal Aldobrandini (nephew of Clement
VIII.) procured him admission to the Pon-
tifical Chapel. The story goes that he fell
in love with a lady of his patron's family,



517



MAUESCALCIII



but he certainly did not marry. Marenzio
has been called the "Father of the Madri-
gal," a term which iu no wise applies to
him ; for, instead of being the originator of
that form, he was the composer who brought
it to perfection. Neither did he, as some
have supposed, confine himself to madrigal
writing ; he was also an important figure
among the great church composers of his
day. Yet it was chiefly upon his madrigals
that his almost universal fame rested, even
in his own time. His style is singularly
pure, facile, and graceful. Although he
belonged definitely to the so-called " great "
period of Italian music (being a contempo-
rary of Giovanni Gabriel! and Palestrina),
and died before the Florentine music re-
form had begun to usher in the " beauti-
ful " or " Neapolitan " period, his music
constantly diverges from the severe diatonic
style which was characteristic of his age.
For picturesque, poetic suggestiveness he
was unsurpassed by any of his contempo-
raries. If, in his "tone-painting," he went
into less minute details than Anerio and
some others, he caught the dominant tone
of the poetry he was setting all the more
surely, in this resembling Arcadelt and oth-
ers of the older madrigalists. "Works : ',)
books of 5-voice Madrigals (Venice, Gar-
dauo, 1580-89 ; 2d ed., ib., 1594-1609 ;
also Antwerp, Phalesius & Bellerus, 1593) ;
G books ofG-voice Madrigals (Venice, 1.">S'J-
1C09 ; Antwerp, Phalesius, 1594-1G10) ;
Madrigali a quattro voci (lib. i., Venice,
1592-1008) ; Motetti a 4 voci (lib. i., Ven-
ice, Vinceuti, 1588 ; do., lib. ii., ib., 1592) ;
Motetti a 12 voci (Venice, 1614) ; Sacri
concentus quiuque, sex et sept. voc. (ib.,
Piccioui, 1616) ; Completorium ac Anti-
phoufe sex voc. (Venice, 1595) ; 5 books
of Villauelle alia napoletaua (ib., 1584-
1605 ; reprinted with German text, Nurem-
berg, 1606). Several madrigals have been
published in score in Padre Martini's Saggio
del contrappnnto, Winterfeld's Johannes
Gabrieli, etc., and Choron's Priucipes de
Composition. Many more are scattered



through collections published iu Italy,
Germany, and Belgium near the end of
the 16th and the beginning of the 17th
centuries. Ambros, iv. 85-90 ; YViuter-
feld, "Joh. Gabrieli u. sein Zeitalter," ii.
87-97.

MARESCALCHI, LUIGI, born in Rome
in 1740, died in Naples early iu 19th cen-
tury. Dramatic composer, pupil of Padre
Martini at Bologna ; iu 1770 he lived at
Venice, where he had established a music
trade, which he transferred to Naples in
1785. "Works Operas : I disertori felici,
Piacenza, 1784 ; Andromeda e Perseo, Rome,
1784 ; Giulietta e Romeo, ib., 1789. Bal-
lets : Meleagro, Florence, 1780 ; Le rivolu-
zioni del seraglio, Naples, 1788 ; Concer-
tino for 15 instruments ; 4 quartets for
strings ; Trios for do. Fctis ; Mendel ;
Schilling.

MARETZEK, MAX, born at Briinn, Mo-
ravia, June 28,
1821, still living,
1889, in New
York. Conductor
and composer,
graduate of the
University of Vi-
enna ; studied
medicine two
years, and at the
same time the theory of music and compo-
sition under Kapellmeister von Seyfried.
In 1843 he wrote an opera, Hamlet, repre-
sented in Briinn, and other cities ; then
visited, as conductor of an orchestra, Ger-
many, France, and England, where he was
assistant to Balfe at Her Majesty's Theatre,
London, in 1844. In 1848 he went to the
United States, and from 1849 to 1878 was
manager of Italian opera in New York, Ha-
vana, Mexico, and other cities. Works :
Hamlet, opera in 3 acts, given at Briinn,
1843 ; Sleepy Hollow, English opera in
three acts, text by Gayler, New York, Sep-
tember, 1879 ; Chamber and orchestral mu-
sic ; Pianoforte music ; Songs.

MARGHERITA D' ANJOU, Italian opera




518



M Alii A



semi-serin, in three acts, text by Komani,
music by Meyerbeer, first represented at La
Scala, Milan, Nov. 14, 1820. Marglierita,
the widow of Henry IV., flees with her son
from England to France, where she receives
protection and endeavours to regain her
rights. The work was arranged for the
French stage by Cromont, text by Thomas
Sauvage, and given at the Odeou, Paris,
March 11, 1826. Published by Diabelli
(Vienna). Cherubim began an opera with
this title for Louis XVI., but it was not
completed. Eight numbers exist in full
score. Other operas, same title, by Joseph
Weigl, Vienna, July 26, 1816 ; by Pacini,
Naples, Nov. 19, 1827 ; and by Forli, 1832.
Allgem. nius. Zeitg., xxiii. 24.

MARIA ANTONIA WALPURGIS, eldest
daughter of the Elector of Bavaria, after-
wards Emperor Charles VII., born at Mu-
nich, April 18, 1724, died at Dresden, April
23, 1780. Pianist, singer, and dramatic
composer, pupil of Porpora in singing, and
of Hasse in composition, at Dresden, whither
she came in 1747, married to the Electoral
Prince of Saxony. She was an excellent art
connoisseur, skilled in music, poetry, and
painting, whose fame was spread through
the entire civilized world of her time.
Frederick the Great esteemed her highly and
kept up with her a lively correspondence
until within a few mouths of her death. At
the performances of her operas she alwaj's
sang the principal part herself, and shone
through this talent also in the exclusive
court circle. As a member of the Arcadians
in Rome she assumed the name of Erme-
liuda Talia, Pastorella Arcada, under which
she composed her poetry and music, signing
E. T. A. P. Works Operas : II trionfo
della fedelta, 1756 ; Talestri, regina delle
Amazzoni, 1765 ; 6 arias ; 2 songs on poems
for special occasions. Allgem. d. Biogr., xx.
371 ; Fiirstenau, Beitrlige, ii. 183 ; Marpurg,
Kvitische Beitriige, iii. 155 ; Petzholdt,
Maria Autonia Walpurgis (Dresden, 1857) ;
Weber, do. (Dresden, 1857).

MARIA DI ROHAN, Italian opera in



three acts, text by Cammarano, music by
Donizetti, first represented in Venice, June
5, 1843, with Tadoliui, Rouconi, and Guas-
co in the chief characters. Subject, from
Lockroy's drama " Un duel sous le Cardinal
Richelieu." This opera was performed at
the Theatre Italien, Paris, Nov. 20, 1843,
and at Covent Garden, London, May 8,
1847. It was first given in New York, Dec.
10, 1849. Published by Diabelli (Vienna).
Allgem. mus. Zeitg., xlv. 685 ; xlvi. 778 ;
Edwards, History of the Opera, ii. 242 ;
Clement et Larousse, 432 ; Atheureum
(1847), 531.

MARIA DI RUDENZ, Italian opera in
three acts, text by Cammarano, music by
Donizetti, first represented in Venice, Jan.
30, 1838. Published by Hofmeister (Leip-
sic). Allgem. mus. Zeitg., xl. 406.

MARIAGE DE FIGARO, LE. See Nozze
di Figaro.

MARIAGES SAMNITES, LES, opura-
comique in two acts, text by Rosoy, music
byGretry, first represented at the Comedie
Italienue, Paris, June 12, 1776. Mozart
wrote eight variations on the march from
this opera (Kochel, No. 352). Gretry, Es-
sais sur la Musique, i. 173.

MARIANI, ANGELO, born in Ravenna,
Oct. 11, 1822, died in Genoa, June 13,
1873. Pupil of Pietro Casolini on the vio-
liii and of Padre Livrini in harmony and
counterpoint, later in Bologna of Rossini.
He made his debut as conductor in Messina
in 1844, then in Milan and Vicenza ; was
called to Copenhagen in 1847, to conduct
the orchestra of the court theatre, but re-
signed to engage in the Revolution of 1848.
After the war he went to Constantinople, re-
turned, in 1852, to conduct the orchestra at
the Teatro Carlo Felice in Genoa, and there
established his great reputation as the best
orchestra conductor in Italy ; several years
after he occupied a similar position in Bo-
logna, but returned to Genoa a short time
before his death. Works : La fidanzata del
guerriero, cantata ; Gli esuli, do. ; Requiem
for King Christian VHI. ; Collections of



519



MARIA



songs Bimembranze del Bosforo ; II Tro-
vatore uella Liguria ; II Colle <li Carignauo ;
Album vocale ; Bimembranze di Arenzano ;

Liete e triste Rimembrauze ; Otto pezzi
vocali ; Nuovo album vocale. Fetis, Sup-
plement, ii. 1G7 ; Mendel, Erganz., 2i',ti ;
lliemann, 551.

MARIA PADILLA, Italian opera, text by
Rossi, music by Donizetti, first represented
at La Scala, Milan, Dec. 29, 1841. Mine
LI") we, Mine Abbadia, Douzelli and Roncoui
sang the chief parts. Published by Rieonli
(Milan).

MARIA STUARDA, Italian opera, text
by lianlari, music by Donizetti, first repre-
sented under the title Buoudelmoute in
Naples, CM. 18, 1834 ; at La Scala, Milan,
as Maria Stuarda in LS:!I>. Malibran ap-
peared in the title-rule, and Toso-Puzzi as
Elizabetta. Pasta was very successful in
the part of Maria Stuarda. Published by
Ricordi (Milan). The score of this opera,
long lost, was recovered in 1803. Other
Italian operas on this subject by Casella,
Florenee, 1 s !-!; by Mercadaute, Bologna,
1S21 ; by Coccia, London, 1827 ; and Pa-
lumbo, Naples, April 23, 1874. Marie Stuart
en Ecosse, French opera in three act>. ! i
by Plauard, music by Fetis. Paris, Aug. 30,
lN'J3 ; opera in five acts, by Louis Nieder-
nieyer, text by Theodore Auue, Paris, Dec.
li. IS41 ; ballet, Mario Stuart, by Picciuui,
Paris, ISlo ; and lyric melodrama for alto,
solo, chorus, and orchestra by (lever, Ber-
lin, 1836. Allgem. urns. Zeitg., xxxviii.
oil! ; (Queens of Song, ii. 21.

MARL\ STUART, overture to Schiller's
drama, by Georg Vieiiing, op. 14, per-
formed at the Gewandhaus, Leipsic, Jan.
22, 1885. Published by Schlesinger (Ber-
lin). Same title, cycle of songs for voice
and pianoforte, by Raff, op. 172, published
by Siegel (Leipsic, 1874-79) ; Signale
(1885), 115.

MARIA TERESA, symphony in C, by
Haydn, first performed at Eszterhaz during
the visit of Maria Theresa, Sept. 1-3, 1773.
Pohl, Haydn, ii. (il.



MARIE, opera-comique in three acts,
text by Planard, music by Herolil, first rep-
resented at the Opera Comique, Paris, Aug.
12, 1826. The music includes many grace-
ful melodies. Scene, in Switzerland ; plot
original. Published by Hasliuger (Vienna,
1828). Schubert wrote eight variations ou
a theme from this opera, for the pianoforte
for four hands, op. 82, the MS. of which is
in the Ki'iuigliche Bibliothek, Berlin. Cle-
ment et Larousse, 434 ; Allgem. mus. Zeitg.,
xxx. 86.

MARIE MAGDELEINE, dramatic ora-
torio in three acts, text by Louis Gallet,
music by Massenet, first performed at the
Odeou, Paris, April 11, 1873. Characters
represented : Marie Magdeleine, Mme Viar-
dot ; Marthe, Mme Yidal ; Lo Maitre, M.
Bosijuiu ; Judas, M. Petit. First given in
America by the Lenox Hill Vocal Society,
dickering Hall, New York, April 7, 1886.
English edition, translation by Henry S.
Leigh, published by Williams (London,
1885). Athentcum (1874), i. 4G8 ; (1885),
ii. 250 ; Upton, Standard Cantatas, 242 ;
Krehbiel, Review (1S85-8G), 214.

MAllTENUEDER (Songs of the Virgin), 7
songs for mixed chorus with pianoforte, text
from old German songs, music by Brahms,
op. 22. Part I. 1. Der englische Grass ; 2.
Maria's Kirchgaug ; 3. Maria's Wallfahrt ;
Part II. 4. Der Jiiger ; 5. Ruf zu Maria ;
6. Magdaleua ; 7. Maria's Lob. Published
by Rieter-Biedermann (Leipsic and AVinter-
thur). "Waldersee, Sammlung musikali-
scher Vortriige, ii. 349.

MAPJN, (MARIE MARTIN) MARCEL
DE, born at Saiut-Jeau-de-Luz, near Ba-
yomie, Sept. 8, 17G9, died at Toulouse \'?\
after 1S:',0. Virtuoso on the harp, son and
pupil of Guillaume Marcel de Mariu (born,
1737) ; studied violin under Nardiui in
Italy and harp under Hochbrucker in
France, but was his own best master on
that instrument. After a second visit to
Italy, in 1783, when he became a member
of the Arcadians in Rome, he entered the
military school at Versailles, and left it in



-'



MARINELLI



1780 as captain of dragoons. Shortly after
he obtained a furlough, ami travelled in Aus-
tria, Prussia, and Spain. As he was absent
from France on the breaking out of the
Revolution he was classed among the emi-
grants, and earned a living in England by
teaching. He returned to France under
the Consulate, recovered his property, and
retired to Toulouse. He was a remarkable
amateur violinist, and as a harpist had no
rivals. His harp music is classic. Works :
Quintet for harp and strings ; Trios for
strings ; Duet for harp and pianoforte ; i
sonatas for harp ; 4 variations for do. ;
Duet for harp and violin ; Variations for
strings ; 12 songs with harp accompani-
ment ; Unpublished compositions. Fotis ;
Mendel ; Riemann.

MARINELLI, GAETANO, born in Na-
ples in 1760, died at Oporto (?), Portugal,
after 1820. Dramatic composer, studied at
the Conservatorio di Loreto in his native
city, and was in the service of the Elector
of Bavaria, as court composer, in 1790 ; be-
fore that period he had been in Madrid,
and in 1817 was at Lisbon, and about 1820
at Oporto, where he taught music. Works
Operas : Le tre rivali, ossia il matrimonio
inaspettato, Koine, 1784, and, as I quattro
rivali in amore, Naples, 1795 ; Gli uccellatori,
Florence, 1785 ; II trioufo dell' amore,
ib., 1786 ; II letterato alia moda, ib., 1788 ;
La rocchetta in equivoco, ib., 1790 ; Quiuto
Fabio, Rome, about 1790 ; Lucio Papirio,
dittatore, Naples, 1791 ; II villauo al go-
verno, ossia amoro aguzza 1" ingegno, ib.,
1791 ; La vendetta di Medea, Venice, 1792 ;
II coucorso delle spose, ib., 1795 ; L'inte-
resse gabba tutti, Florence, 1795 ; Issipile,
ib., 1796 ; La bizzarra coutadina, ib., about
1796 ; I due fratolli Castracaui, Padua,
1798 ; La inorte di Cleopatra, Venice, 1800 ;
Alessaudro in Efeso, Milan, 1810 ; L' equi-
voco fortunate, ib., 1811 ; La fiuta princi-
pessa, ib., 1811 ; Gli accident! imispettati ;
La villauella semplice ; II barone di Sarda
fritta. II Baldassaro, oratorio ; Tobia e
Sara, cantata. Ftjtis.



MARINI, BIAGGIO, born in Brescia near
the end of the 16th century, died in Padua
about 1660. He became maestro di cap-
pella of the Cathedral of Viceuza, occupied
the same position in his native city, and
later went to Germany to enter the service
of the Count Palatine Wolfgang Wilhelm.
On his return to Italy in 1623 he was
appointed composer and first violin to the
Duke of Parma. He played also several
other instruments. Works : Arias, madri-
gals, psalms, and many other vocal pieces ;
Chamber music, sonatas, ballets, and other
instrumental music. Feiis ; Gerber ; Men-
del, vii. 67 ; Schilling, iv. 553 ; Wasielewski,
Die Violiue, 27.

MARINI, CARLO ANTONIO, born at
Bergamo about the middle of the 17th
century. Violinist ; was employed in the
church of S. M. Maggiore in his native city.
W T orks : 12 sonatas for 4 and 6 instruments,
op. 3 ; Do., op. 6 and 7 ; Do. for violin and
basso continue, op. 8 ; Ballctti alia fraucese
a 3, op. 5 (Venice, 1699). Fetis.

MARINO FALIERO, Italian opera in
two acts, text by Bidera, after Byron, music
by Donizetti, first represented at the Thea-
tre Italien, Paris, in 1835. Original cast :

Faliero Signer Lablacho.

Fernando Signor Rubini.

Beuevantauo Signor Tamburini.

Gondoliere Signor Ivanhotl'.

Elena Mine Grisi.

Given first in London, King's Theatre, May
14, 1835 ; in New York, June 16, 1851.
Published by Ricordi (Milan). Allgem.
mus. Zeitg., xxxviii. 678 ; Neue Zeitschr.,
ii. 149, 161 ; Athenseum (1835), 395.

MARITANA, romantic opera in three
acts, text by Fitzball, after the drama, " Don
C;esar de Bazan," music by William Vincent
Wallace, first represented at Drury Lane,
London, Nov. 15, 1845. This is the com-
poser's best work, and is one of the most
popular of English operas. The libretto
follows the drama very closely. Among the
best numbers are : Maritaua's romance,



sai



MAliKl'hL



" I hear it again, 'tis the harp in the air ; "
" Of fairy wand had I the power," duet be-
tween Don Josu and Maritana ; "All the
world over, to love, to drink, to fight I de-
light," sung by Don C;csar ; Lazarillo's song,
"Alas ! those chimes so sweetly pealing ; "
" Turn on, old Time, thine hour-glass," trio
by Don Crcsar, Don Jose, and Lazarillo ;
"Yes, let me like a soldier fall," sung by
l>nii C.-esar ; "Scenes that are brightest,"
l>y Maritana, ami "In happy moments day
by day." the words of which were written
by Alfred Bunn. Original cast :

Maritana Miss Homer.

Don C'a-sar Mr. Harrison.

L izarillo Miss Poole.

Don ,Jos' Mr. Borraiu.

King Mr. Phillips.

The opera was first given in New York, May
1, is 1^. It was snug at Her Majesty's, Lou-
don, iu Italian, with recitatives by Tito
Mattel, iu December, 1880. Athenn-um
I IM.->), 1130 ;(1880), ii. 823 ; Neue Zeitschr.,
xxiv. KJ3 ; Upton, Standard Operas, 318.

M.VRKULL, FEIEDRICH WILHELM,
born at Reicheubach, near Elbing, Prussia,
Feb. 17, ISIG, died at Dantzic, April 30,
lss7 Dramatic composer, pupil of his
father, of Karl Kloss, of Urban, and iu IN:!:!
35 of Friedriuh Schneider at Dessau ; be-
came first organist of the Marienkirche,
Dantzic, in 1830, and director of the Gesaug-
vereiu there. He was known also as a pi-
anist, violinist (in quartets), and much
sought as a teacher. Works Opera* :
Maja und Alpino, oder die bezauberte Hose,
Dautzic, 1843 ; Der K.iuig von /ion. Is IS ;
Das Walpurgisfest, Dantzic, 1855. Ora-
torios : Johannes derTi'uifer ; DasGedilcht-
niss der Entschlafeuen. Roland's Horn,
cantata for male voices (Novello, London,
188'.)) : Psalm LXXXVI, for soli, chorus, and
orchestra ; Symphonies ; Ohoralbuch, with
136 chorals (Dantzic, 1845) ; Music for pi-
anoforte and organ; Songs ; Arrangements
of classical works. Mendel ; Riemann ;
Fetis ; Schilling, Supplement, 290.



MARLIANI, Conte AUEELIO, born in
Lombardy in 1803, died at Bologna, June,
1849. Dramatic composer ; spent his con-
siderable fortune in the interests of the
Carbonari, whose party he had joined, and,
obliged to take refuge in Paris, he settled
there to teach vocal music. The perfection
of Giulia Grisi's art was due to his lessons.
He afterwards held the position of Spanish
consul-general in Paris, and after the Revo-
lution of 1848 returned to his native coun-
try, and took up arms in her defence ; he
was killed during an attack on Bologna by
the Austriaus. Works Operas : II bravo,
given iu Paris, Theatre Italien, 1834, Vi-
enna, 1835, Prague, Genoa, Naples, Pia-
cenza, l'S.'3G ; Le marchand foraiu, Paris,
Opera Comique, 1834 ; La Xacarilla, ib.,
( >pera, 1839 ; Ildegouda, Florence, 1841, Mi-
lan, 1843. C.mzoui, romances, etc. Fetis.

MARMIOX, symphonic overture to
Scott's poem, by Dudley Buck, first given
in Brooklyn, in 1880.

MAEMONTEL, ANTOINE FRANCOIS,
born at Clermont-Ferrand (Puy-de-D<'>me),
France, July 18, 181G, still living, 1889.
Pianist, pupil at the Paris Conservatoire of
l.inneau, Zimmerman, Halevy, and Lc-
sueiir, obtaining first pianoforte prize in
1 s:;-J. He succeeded Zimmerman as profes-
sor at the Conservatoire in 1848, and gained
a great reputation as a successful teacher.
Among his numerous pupils are Guiraud,
Paladilhe, Alphonse and Edmoud Duvernoy,
Wieniawski, Thuruer, Bizet, Plante, and
Dubois. Works : L'Art de dechifl'rer, 100
etudes ; Ecole elemeutaire de mecanisme et
de style, 24 etudes ; over 200 etudes iu dif-
ferent series ; 50 etudes de salon ; Ecole de
mecauismc ; L'Art de dechiffrer a 4 mains ;
Sonatas, nocturnes, marches, mazurkas,
serenades, characteristic pieces, and much
other music for pianoforte. Literary works :
Petite grammaire populaire ; Vade-mecum
du professeur de piano ; L'Art classiquo
et modern e du piano ; Les Piauistes cele-
bres (1878). Fetis ; do., Supplement, ii.
172 ; Riemauu.



522



MAEPURG



MARPURG, FRIEDRICH, born at Pa-
derborn, April 4, 1825, died at Wiesbaden,
Dec. 1, 1884 Violinist, pianist, and dra-
matic composer, great-grandson of Fried- j
rich Wilhelm Marpurg, pupil of Mendels-
sohn and Hauptmann at Loipsic ; early
attracted attention as a violinist and pianist,
and in the latter capacity travelled through
Pomeranin, Prussia, and Poland, after he
had completed his studies at Leipsic. He
then settled at Kouigsberg, and for nearly
nine years taught music, and conducted the
opera, and the symphony and chamber con-
certs which he had established ; was director
of the musical academy, and finally erected
a music school of his own. In 1854 he went
to Mainz as director of the Liedertafel, and
in 1864 to Soudershausen as Hofkapellmeis-
ter. Two years later he resigned, and lived
at Wiesbaden until 18G8, when he was called
to Darmstadt, to succeed Mangold as direc-
tor of the court music ; he gave up this post
in 1872, and was Kapellmeister of the thea-
tre at Freiburg in 1873, and at Laybach,
Carniola, in 1875, when he returned to
Wiesbaden. Works Operas : Musa, der
letzte Maurenkdnig, Kr>nigsberg, 1855 ;
Agnes von Hohenstaufen, Freiburg, 1S74 ;
Die Lichtensteiner. Mendel.

MAHPURG, FRIEDRICH WILHELM,
born at Seehausen in the Altmark, Prussian
Saxony, Oct. 1, 1718, died in Berlin, May
22, 1795. Probably the most distinguished
musical savant of his time. In 1746 he was
secretary to General von Rotheuburg in
Paris, where he became acquainted with Ra-
meau and his system ; lived a short time in
Berlin, then for several years in Hamburg,
and in 1763 was made director of the gov-
ernment lottery in Berlin. Works : 6 sonatas
for pianoforte ; Organ and pianoforte music ;
Sacred and secular songs ; Unfinished mass.
Literary works : Der kritische Musikus an
der Spree (Berlin, 1749-50) ; Die Kuust
das Klavier zu spielen (ib., 1750-51) ; Anlei-
tung zum Klavierspielen, der schoneu Au-
siibuug der heutigen Zeit gemass entwor-
fen (ib., 1755 ; 2d ed., 1765) ; Abhandlung




von der Fnge (ib., 1753-54 ; 2d ed., 1806) ;
Handbuch beim Generalbass und der Kom-
position (ib., 1755-58 ; 2d ed., 1762) ; His-
torischkritische Beytriige zur Aufnahme der
Musik (ib., 1754-62 and 1778); Syste-
matische Einleitung in die musikalische
Setzkunst nach der Lehrsatzeu des Herrn
Rameau, Aufangsgriinde der theoretischen
Musik (Leipsic, 1757) ; Anlcitung zur Sing-
komposition (Berlin, 1758) ; Kritische Ein-
leitung in die Geschiehte und Lehrsatze der
alten und neuen Musik (ib., 1759) ; Kritische
Briefe fiber die Tonkunst (ib., 1759-63) ;
Herrn G. A. Sorgeus Auleitung zum Gc-
ueralbass (ib., 1760) ; Anleitung zur Musik
iiberhaupt und zur Singkunst iusbesondere
(ib., 1763) ; Versuch fiber die niusikalisehe
Tenipcratur (Brcslau, 1776) ; Neue Mc-
thode, allerlei Artcu
v o n Temperaturen
dem Klaviere aufs
bequemste mitzutheilen (Berlin, 1779) ; Lr 1 -
geuden eiuiger Musikheiligen (Cologne,
1786) ; Geschiehte der Orgcl, unfinished.
Allgem. d. Biogr., xx. 407 ; Riemann ;
Grove ; Mendel ; Fetis ; Schilling ; Gerber ;
Lindner, Geschiehte des deutschen Liedes,
61.

MARQUEZ, ANTONIO LESBIO, born
in Lisbon, Portugal, about 1660, died there,
Nov. 1, 1709. Church composer ; was made
mestro do capella of the royal chapel in
1698. He composed masses, Magnificat,
Miserere, responses, etc., of which only a
collection of Vilhancicos for the feast of S.
Goncala has been printed. Fetis.

MARSALO (Marsolo), PIETRO MARIA,
Italian composer, born in Sicilj-. He lived
at Ferrara about the close of the 16th cen-
tury and at Cerreto in 1600 ; published
four books of madrigals for five voices (Ven-
ice, 1609) and two books of motets (1612,
1614). MendeL

MARSAND, Padre ANSELMO, born in
Venice in 1769, died in Padua, Jan. 4, 1841.
Church composer, Benedictine monk in the
Monastery of S. Michele at Murano, pupil
of Furnaletto; succeeded Antonio Calegari



523



MARSOIINER



as maestro di cappella of S. Antouio at
Padua iu 1828. He \vas one of the most
eminent musicians of the Venetian school
iu its last classical period. Of his compo-
sitions, said to number GOO works, consist-
ing of masses, motets, psalms, etc., and
organ music, ouby a few have been pub-
lished. Fetis.

MARSCHXER, ADOLF EDUARD, born
at Griinberg, Prussian Silesia, March 5,
is id, died in Leipsic, Sept. 9, 1853. Vocal
composer, self-taught at Leipsic, while
studying law at the university, and subse-
quently established there as a teacher of
singing and tin; pianoforte. Srveral of his
lyric songs have retained Iheir popularity
in Germany to this day. Mendel.

MAKSCHXER, HldxiJICH (AUGUST),
born at Zittau,
Saxony, Aug. 10,
ITlKi, died in Han-
over, Dec. 14, IM;I.
He began to take pi-
anoforte lessons at
six, and made such
rapid progress that
ho surpassed th in-
consecutive teachers
in a short time,



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