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burg in 1827, then gave lectures on music
at the Berlin University, of which he was
appointed professor in 1830 and musi-
cal director in 1832. He founded the
Berliner Conservatorium with Kullak and
Stern in 1850, but withdrew from it in
1856, and thenceforth devoted himself to
his university work, his private pupils, and
literary affairs. He was very intimate at
one time with Mendelssohn, whose poor
opinion of his work embittered their friend-
ship. His compositions were indeed of lit-




530



MARXSEX



tie value, and his reputation rests entirely
upon bis theoretical writings. Besides tak-
ing up theory in a new way and treating it
in a more elegant style, he was the first to
emphasize the beauties of Beethoven's last
works, and did much to spread a knowledge
of some of the other great masters. Works :
Moses, oratorio ; Johannes der Taufer, do. ;
Music to the drama, Jery uud Biltely, and
to the melodrama, Die Rache wartet ; 2
symphonies ; Cantatas ; Sonata for piano-
forte ; Nahid uud Omar, a cycle of songs ;
Choruses and songs ; Choral and organ
book. Literary works : Die Kunst des Ge-
saugs (Berlin, 1820) ; Ueber Malerei in der
Toukunst (ib., 1*28) ; Ueber die Geltung
Handel'scher Sologesiiuge fiir uusere Zeit
(ib., 1829) ; Die Lehre von der musika-
lischeu Kompositiou (Leipsic, 183745, 4
vols.) ; Allegemeiue Musiklehre (ib., 1839,
9th edition, 1875, also an English trans-
lation) ; Die alte Musiklehre im Streite mit
unserer Zeit (ib., 1841) ; Die Musik des 19.
Jahrhunderts und ihre Pflege (ib., 1855) ;
Ludwig von Beethoven's Leben und Schaf-
fen (Berlin, 1858-59, 3d edition, 1875);
Gluck und die Oper (ib., 18G2) ; Anleituug
zum Vortrag Beethoven'scher Klavierwerke
(ib., 1863) ; Eriunerungen aus meinem Le-
ben (ib., 18G5) ; and many articles in musi-
cal journals. Allgem. d. Biogr., xx. 533 ;
Mendel ; Schilling ; Kiemann ; Fetis.

MARXSEN, EDUARD, born at Nieu-
stildten, near Altona, July 23, 180G, died at
Altona, Nov. 18, 1888. Pupil of his father
and of Clasing in Hamburg, later of Sey-
fried and Booklet in Vienna, and then set-
led in Hamburg as a teacher. Brahms and
Deppe are the best known of his pupils.
Works : Beethoven's Schatten, an orchestral
composition ; Symphonies and overtures for
orchestra ; Marches, variations, rondos, so-
natas, and other pieces for pianoforte. Fe-
tis, vi. 13; Grove ; Schilling.

MAEZIALS, THEOPHILUS, born in
Brussels, Dec. 21, 1850, still living, in Lon-
don, 1889. Vocal composer, pupil in Lou-
don of Malcolm Leonard Lawson ; studied




He is au-



also in Paris and Milan. He has been em-
ployed since 1870 in the British Museum,
where he superin-
tends the musical
department of the
library. Wo rks
Songs : Twickenham
Ferry; The Gar-
land ; Three Sailor
Boys ; Wait till you
come to forty year ;
The Miller and the
Maid ; Ask nothing
more ; May Music ;
When my Jim comes home, etc.
thor also of a volume of poems.

MASANIELLO, Auber. See Muette de
Portici.

MASANIELLO, ou le pocheur napolitain,
Jrame-lyrique in four acts, text by Moreau
and Lafortelle, music by Carafa, first repre-
sented at the Opera Comique, Paris, Dec.
27, 1827. Subject the same as that of Au-
ber's Muette de Portici. The part of Masa-
uiello was sung by Ponchard, that of Ruf-
fino by Valure. Published by Breitkopf &
Hiirtel (Leipsic). Other operas, same title,
in German, text by Feind, music by Rein-
hold Reiser, Hamburg, 1706 ; in English,
by Henry R. Bishop, London, 1825. Revue
musicale, ii. 543 ; Clement et Larousse,
440.

MASCHEK (MaSek), CAMILLO, born
at Laybach, Carniola, July 11, 1831, died
at Stainz, ib., June 29, 1859. Vocal com-
poser, pupil of his father, then in Vienna
of Staudigl in singing and of Titl in com-
position ; was musical instructor in the fam-
ily of Count Strachwitz at Schebetan, Mo-
ravia, in 1852-54, then succeeded his father
as instructor in the public music school at
Laybach. He endeavoured particularly to
cultivate national music, and set many of
the poems of the Slovenian poet Preshern.
Works : Several masses ; Requiem ; 3 Tan-
tum ergo ; Offertory ; German and Slovenian
sacred songs ; 60 secular songs. Wurz-
bach.



631



MASCI1EK



MASCHEK (Masek), PAUL, born at
Zwikowecz, Bohemia, in 1761, died in Vien-
na, Nov. 22, 1826. Pianist, organist, and
virtuoso on the harmonica ; was musical
instructor in the families of Counts Na-
dasdy and Niczky in Hungary, and at Vi-
enna, where he settled shortly after 1792,
and was much in vogue as a teacher of the
pianoforte. Works : Waldraf der Wan-
derer, opera ; Der Rieseukampf, do. ; Sol-
emu mass ; Cantata ; 6 symphonies for or-
chestra ; 6 pieces for 8 wind instruments ;
Sestets, quintets, and quartets for strings ;
3 sonatas for pianoforte, flute or violin, and
violoncello ; 3 trios for do. ; Sonata for
pianoforte, and flute or violin ; 3 duos for
pianoforte and violin ; Wiener Aufgebot,
sonata for pianoforte ; Marche de la bataille
de Leipsick for do. Dlabacz ; Fetis ; Gass-
ner ; Wurzbach.

MYSCIIKK i Masek), VIXCHXZ, born at
Xwikowecz, Bohemia, April 5, 17.">.~>. died at
Prague, Nov. 15, 1831. Virtuoso on the pia-
noforte and the harmonica, brother of Paul,
pupil of his father, then of Dussek and of
Segert ; travelled with Count Wrtby, and
plaved iii the principal cities of Germany
and in Copenhagen. After his return he
\\;is appointed music director by the Bohe-
mian l-Xtates. and in 17'.4 at the Church of
St. Nicholas. In 1802 he established a music
trade. With his wife, who also was a dis-
tinguished pianist, he gave many grand con-
certs, and contributed much to the elevation
of musical life in Prague. Works : Der
Ostindieufahrer, opera, given in Prague;
Der Spiegelritter, do., ib., IT'.U ; Bohmeus
Dankgefiihl, cantata to Archduke Charles,
ib., 1796 ; Cantata for the wedding of Eiu-
peror Francis I., ib., 1808 ; 8 solemn masses ;
34 motets ; Symphonies for orchestra ; Con-
certo for pianoforte, with orchestra ; Con-
certino, for pianoforte (4 hands), with two
flutes, 2 clarinets, 2 horns, and 2 bassoons ;
Quatuor concertant, for pianoforte, flute, vio-
lin, and violoncello ; Sonata for pianoforte,
and violin ; Many sonatas, and other music
for pianoforte ; Collections of songs. Dali-



bor (Prague, 1861), iv. No. 5 ; Dlabacz ;
Fetis ; Wurzbach.

MASCOTTE, LA, opera-comique in three
acts, text by Chivot and Duru, music by
Audran, first represented at the Bouft'es
Parisians, Paris, Dec. 29, 1880. La Mas-
cotte (Bettina) was sung by Mile Montba-
zou ; Pippo, by M. Morlet ; and Rocco, by
M. Lamy. It was first performed in New
York, Sept. 28, 1881. Revue et Gaz. mus.
de Paris (1880), 421 ; Le Menestrel (1880-
81), 31 ; Clement et Larousse, 925.

MA SIGNORI, PERCHfi TANTA QUES-
TI( )XE ? See L'rixpino e la Comare.
MASK TRIO. See Don Giovanni.
MASNADIERI, I (The Brigands), Italian
opera in four acts, test by Maffei, after
Schiller's " Die Rauber," music by Verdi,
first represented at Her Majesty's, London,
July 22, 1847. Verdi himself conducted,
and the cast included Jenny Lind, Lablache,
Gardoni, Coletti, Bouche, Corelli, and Dai-
fori. It was first represented in New York,
June 2, I860. Translated into French by
Jules Ruelle, and performed at the Athrin'e,
Paris, Feb. 3, 1870. Operas on the same
subject in Italian : I Briganti, by Mercad-
ante ; Riccardo Moor, text by Piave, music
by (iallo, Naples, December, 1843 ; in Ger-
man, Die Rauber, in three acts, by Lr>sching-
er, Pesth, December, 1843. Clement et
Larousse, 441, 777 ; Atlicmeum (1847), 7'.).-,.
MASOX, LOWELL, born, of American
parentage, at Medfield,
Massachusetts, Jan. 8,
1792, died at Orange,
New Jersey, Aug. 11,
1872. Self-taught in
music ; took charge
of the church choir
at Medfield when six-
teen years old. In
1812-27 he resided
in Savannah, Georgia,
as clerk in a bank, at the same time teach-
ing and conducting. In 1827 he removed
to Boston, and became president of the
Handel and Haydn Society. An advocate




.,



532



MASON



of the Pestalozzian system, be established
classes in it, and was granted in 1828 the
privilege of teaching it in the public schools
of Boston. In 1832 he established, with
George James Webb, the Boston Academy
of Music, and in 1835 received the degree
of Mus. Doc. from the New York Univer-
sity. He visited Europe in 1837 to make
himself acquainted with didactic methods,
especially in Germany, and published his
impressions under the title "Musical Let-
ters from Abroad " (New York, 1853). He
edited and compiled many collections of
music, which had an enormous sale and
brought him a fortune. His last days were
spent at Orange, New Jersey. Works :
Boston Handel and Haydn Collection of
Church Music (1822) ; Juvenile Psalmist
(1829) ; Juvenile Lyre (1830) ; Sabbath
School Songs (183G) ; Boston Academy
Collection of Church Music (183G) ; Lyra
Sacra (1837) ; Boston Anthem Book (1839) ;
The Psaltery (1845) ; Cantica Laudis(1850) ;
New Carmina Sacra (1852) ; The Song Gar-
den (18GG), and many others.

MASON, WILLIAM, born, of American
parentage, in Boston, Massachusetts, Jan.
24, 1829, still living, 1889. Pianist, son of
Lowell Mason, pupil in Boston on the pi-
anoforte of Henry Schmidt ; went to Ger-
many in 1849, and studied in Leipsic the
pianoforte under Moscheles, harmony under
Moritz Hauptmann, and instrumentation
under E. F. Richter, in Prague the piano-
forte under Alexander Dreyschock, and at
Weimar in 1853-54 under Liszt. He played
in public with success in Prague, Frankfort,
and Weimar, and in 1853 in London at a
concert of the Harmonic Union Society, the
orchestra being conducted by Sir Julius
Benedict. In 1854 he returned to America,
and soon after played in Boston, New York,
Chicago, and other cities. In 1855-56 he
established in New York, in connection
with Carl Bergmann, Theodore Thomas, J.
Moseuthal, and George Matzka, a series of
classical soirees at which the instrumental
works of Haydn, Mozart, Schumann, and



others were given. Bergmann's place was
afterwards taken by F. Bergner and the con-
certs were continued until 18G8, acquiring
a wide reputation as the Mason and Thomas
Soirees of Chamber Music. During the last
thirty years Mr. Mason has taught the pi-
anoforte, and many of his pupils have at-
tained eminence. In 1872 he received from
Yale College the honorary degree of Doctor
of Music. He resides at present in Orange,
N. J. His compositions are classical in
style and are characterized by clear form
and refined treatment. Works : Deux Ro-
mances sans paroles, op. 1, 1845 ; Im-
promptu, op. 3, 1851 ; Silver Spring, op. 6,
185G ; Ballade in B major, op. 12, 1863 ;
Deux Humoresques de Bal, op. 23, 1866 ;
ROverie Poetique, op. 24, 1868 ; Teacher
and Pupil : Eight Duos for four hands, op.
26, 1869 ; Prelude in A minor, op. 30,
1870; Romance E'tude, op 32, 1871 ; Three
Characteristic sketches, op. 35, 1876 ; Toc-
cata, op. 37, 1882 ; Serenata, for pianoforte
and violoncello, op. 39, 1882 ; Minuet, op.
43, 1882. Didactic Works : A Method for
the Pianoforte, by Win. Mason and E. S.
Hoadley (Boston, 1867) ; System for Begin-
ners in the Art of playing upon the Piano-
forte, by the same authors (Boston, 1871) ;
Mason's Pianoforte Technics (Boston, 1878).

MASSAINI, TIBURCIO, born at Cremona
in the 16th century, died in Rome after
1605. Contrapuntist, was maestro di cap-
pella at S. M. del Popolo, Rome ; then in
the service of the Emperor Rudolf H. in
Prague (1580), and afterwards lived again
in Rome. Works : Masses for 5-6 voices
(1578) ; do. for 8 voices (1600) ; Lamenta-
tions for 5 voices (1599) ; 2 books of madri-
gals for 4 voices (1569, 1573) ; 4 do. for 5
voices (1571-94) ; Sacri modulorum con-
ceutus, for 6-12 voices ; Vesper psalms and
Magnificats (1576) ; 4 books of motets for 5
voices (1576-94) ; Ibook of do. for 4 voices
(1580) ; Motets for 7 voices (1607) ; Psalms
for 6 voices (1578). Fetis ; Riemann.

MASSART, LAMBERT JOSEPH, born
at Lic'ge, July 19, 1811, still living, 1889.



533




Violinist, pupil of Rodolphe Kreutzer in !
Paris, where be became professor of vio-
lin at the Conservatoire in 1843. Henri
Wienawski was one of his pupils. He ap-
peared a few times at the Concerts Spiritu-
els, but devoted himself chiefly to teaching.
He received L. of Honour. Works: Fanta-
sia on Malibrau's " Le reveil du beau jour ;"
Transcription of Soirees musicales by Ros-
sini ; Other violin music. His wife, Louise
Aglae, born (Masson) in Paris, June 10,
1827, is an excellent pianist, and since 1875
instructor at the Conservatoire. Fetis; do.,
Supplement, ii. 178 ; Mendel, Erganz., 204 ;
Iliemann.

MASSE (FKLIX MARIE), called VIC-
TOR, born at Lnrient
(Morbihau), France,
March 7, 1822, died
in Paris, July 4-5,
1 Ss I. Dramatic com-
poser, pupil from
is:: I at the Paris
Conservnt oire of
Halevy. After tak-
ing first prizes in pi-
anoforte, harmony,

ami fugue, he won the prix de Rome in
1844 for his cantata Le renegat, which was
given three times at the Opera, February,
1S4.">. In Romp, where he stayed two years,
lie brought out a Messe solennelle at S.
Luigi de' Frances!, May 1, 1840. After
travelling through Italy ami Germany he re-
turned to Paris, and brought out his first
opera, La chanteuse voilee, at the Opera
Comique, Nov. 26, 1850. After the ex-
traordinary success of Les noces de Jean-
nette (1853) he wrote several operas, which,
although well received at first, did not keep
the stage. In 1860 he was made chorus-
master at the Opera, and in 1866 succeeded
Leborne as professor of counterpoint at the
Conservatoire. On June 20, 1872, he was
elected to the Institut to fill Auber's seat.
Almost his last work was putting Offen-
bach's posthumous Les contes d'Hoffmann
into shape for performance. Works I.



Operas : La f avorita e la schiava (envoi de
Rome, not performed) ; La chaiiteiise voilee,
one act, Paris, Opera Comique, Nov. 2(5, 1850;
Galatee, two acts, ib., April 14, 1852 ; Les
noces de Jeannette, one act, ib., Feb. 4, 1853 ;
La fiancee du diabie, three acts, ib., June 5,
1855 ; Miss Fauvette, one act, ib., Feb. 13,
1855 ; Les saisons, three acts, ib., Dec. 22,

1855 (remodelled, June 15, 1856) ; La rcine
Topaze, three acts, Theatre Lyrique, Dec. 27,

1856 ; Le cousin de Marivaux, one act, Bad-
en-Baden, August, 1857; Les cliatM'.t a por-
teurs, one act, Paris, Opera Comique, April
28, 1858 ; La fee Carabosse, three acts, The-
atre Lyrique, Feb. 28, 1859 ; La mule de
Pedro, two acts, Opera, March 6, 18G3 ; Fior
d'Aliza, 4 acts, Opera Comique, Feb. 5, 1866 ;

. Le filx du brigadier, three acts, ib., Feb. 25,
lsd7 : /'mi/ et Virgiuie, three acts, Theatre
L\ rique, Nov. 15, 1876; Une iiuit de Cleo-
patre. Opera Comique, 1877 ; Le prix de
famille, not performed ; La trouvaille, one
act, do. ; Les enfants de Perrette, one :iet,
do. ; Une loi somptuaire, two acts, do. ; La
petite sceur d'Achille, one act, do. ; Cho-
ruses and an air for two comedies, Baden-
Baden, September, 1801.

H. Cantatas, etc. : Le renegat de Tanger
(prix de Rome), Paris, Opera, 1845 ; Messe
solennelle, Rome, 1846; Cantata, Paris,
( )pera, Oct. 28, 1852 ; Songs from Victor
Hugo's Orieutales ; Chants bretons ; Chants
du soir ; Chants d'autrefois. Fetis ; do.,
Supplement ; Riemann.

MASSENET, JULES (EMILE FREDE-
RIC), born at Mon-
taud, near Saint-
Etienne (Loire), May
12, 1842, still living,
1889. Dramatic
composer, pupil at
the Paris Conserva-
toire ; won first prize
for pianoforte in
1859, second prize
for fugue in 1862,

first prize for fugue and prix de Rome in
1863. He studied under Ainbroise Thomas,







534



MA TANTE



through Tvliose influence his La grand'-
tante was given at the Opera Comique on
his return from Italy. He attracted general
attention by some clever orchestral suites,
but it was after the Franco -Prussian War
that his reputation was consolidated by his
Don Cesar de Bazan (1872). This, and still
more his oratorio Marie Magdeleiue (1873),
placed him in the first rank of contempo-
rary French composers. Works I. Dra-
matic : La grand'tcmte, one act, Paris, Opera
Comique, April 3, 18G7 ; La coupe du roi
de Thule, written for the concours at the
Opera in 18C7, but not given, now de-
stroyed ; Paix et Liberte, scenic cantata,
Theatre Lyrique, Aug. 15, 1807 ; Meduse,
three acts, written in 1868, not given ; . Don
Cesar de Bazan, three acts, Opera Comique,
Nov. 30, 1872 ; Les Erynnies, antique trag-
edy in two parts, Odeon, Jan. G, 1873, and
enlarged, Theatre Lyrique, May 15, 187C ;
L'adorable Bel-Boul, one act, Cercle de
1'Union Artistique, 1874 ; Beraugere et
Anatole, one act, ib., February, 187(3 ; one
number for Deroulede's L'Hetmau, Odcon,
Feb. 2, 1877 ; Le roi de Lahore, five acts,
Opera, April 27, 1877 ; Hcrodiade, five acts,
Brussels, Theatre de la Mouuaie, 1881 ;
Manon Lescaut, three acts, Paris, Opera
Comique, Jan. 19, 1884 ; Music to Sardou's
Theodora, Theatre de la Porte Saint-Martin,
1884 ; Le Chi, five acts, Opera, Dec. 1, 1885;
Robert de France, unfinished ; Les Giron-
dins, do. ; Eselarmonde, five acts, Opera
Comique, May 15, 1889.

IE. Cantatas, etc. : Mademoiselle de Mont-
pensier, 18(32 ; David Rizzio, Conservatoire,
1803 ; Marie Magdeleine, sacred drama,
three acts, Odi'ou, April 11, 1873; ]2ue,
mystery in three parts, Societe de 1'Har-
mouie Sacree, March 18, 1875 ; La Viergc,
sacred legend in four scenes, not performed ;
Nareisse, antique idyl, Feb. 14, 1878.

HI. Orchestral : 1st suite for orchestra,
op. 13 ; Scenes hongroises, 2d do.; Over-
ture, entr'acte, and melodramatic music for
Les Erynuies, 3d do.; Scenes pittoresques,
4th do.; Scenes dramatiques, after Shake-



speare, 5th do. ; Concert overture ; Over-
ture to Phedre ; Lamento, to the memory of
Georges Bizet ; Sarabande espagnole, for
small orchestra ; Pompeia, symphonic fan-
tasy ; Introduction and variations, for 2
violins, viola, violoncello, double-bass, fiute,
oboe, clarinet, horn, and bassoon.

IV. For pianoforte : Scenes de bal, suite ;
Improvisations, 20 pieces in 3 books, of
which only the first is published ; Le roinan
d'Arlequin, children's pantomime.

V. Songs, etc.: Pocine du souvenir, cyclus
of songs; Pocine d'avril, do.; PuSmc pasto-
ral, do.; Poemc d'octobre, do.; Pocmc d'hi-







ver, do.; Poeme d'amour, do.; Chanson de
David Rizzio ; and several other songs.
Fetis, Supplement ; Riemaun.

MA TANTE AURORE, ou le roman im-
promptu, opera-coinique in three acts, text




Jean Blaise Martin.



by Longchamps, music by Boieldieu, first
represented at the Theatre Feydeau, Paris,
Jan. 13, 1803. Tante Aurore is a romantic
old maid who will not allow her niece to
marry any but a hero proved by a thousand



535



MATI1IAS



adventures. Martin won a triumph iu the
part of Frontiu. The other characters were
sun" by Gavaudan. Mme Saint-Aubin, and

o J

Mine Gouthier, the last iu the title-role.
This opera, which followed the Calife,
showed a marked advance in style and
placed Boieldieu among the first composers
of France. Its renown occasioned several
imitations. It was first performed iu Ber-
lin, April 1. 1807. Pougin, Boieldieu, 07 ;
Allgeni. mus. /eitg., ix. 414.

M VTHIAS, GEORGES (AMT^DEE
SAINT-CLAIR), born in Paris, Oct. 14,
1826, still living, 1889. Pianist, pupil of
Chopin and Kalkbreuucr, and in composi-
tion of Savard, Baziu, Halevy, and Burbe-
reau at the Conservatoire ; became professor
of pianoforte there in 18G2. L. of Honour,
1>7_. Works : Symphony for orchestra, op.
22 ; Overtures to Hamlet, op. 23, and to
M / ' '/niii, op. 55 ; 2 concertos for pianoforte,
op. 21 and 5G ; 6 trios for do. and strings ; 5
morceaux Bymphoniques for do.; Sonatas,
etudes, and other pianoforte music for 2 and
4 hands. Fvtis, Supplement, ii. 185 ; Men-
del, Ergiinz., 265 ; Riemaun, 559.

M VTHIEU, EMILE, bom at Lille, Oct.
1G, 1844, died iu Paris, August, iss:;. Dra-
matic composer, pupil at the Conservatoire,
linissels, of Dupont on the pianoforte and
of I'Ytis iu counterpoint ; won the first prize
for harmony iu 1801 and for pianoforte in
ISiil!, and settled at Louvain, where ho be-
came professor at the Academy and di-
rector of the Music Society. Still compet-
ing at that period for the prix de Rome,
he won the second prize in 1869 and
1871, and lacked only one vote for the
first in 1873, wlien he removed to Brus-
sels. Works Operas : L'echauge, given at
Liege, 1863 ; Georges Dandin, Brussels,
1876; LaBemoise, ib., 1880. Lesfumeurs
de Kiff, ballet, ib., 1876 ; Torquato Tasso's
dood, Flemish cantata ; Songs. Fetis, Sup-
plement, ii. 186.

MATHO, JEAN BAPT1STE, born iu a
village of Brittany in 16GO, died at Ver-
sailles in 1740. Dramatic composer; en-



tered the royal chapel in 1G84 as a tenor
singer, and was afterwards appointed mai-
tre de musique to the children of France.
Works : Philemon et Baucis, given at Cha-
tenay, 1703 ; Le prince de Catay, divertis-
sement, ib., 1704 ; La tarautole, comudie-
ballet, ib., 1705 ; Arion, lyric tragedy, Paris,
Academic Royale de Musique, 1714. Fe-
tis ; do., Supplement, ii. 23.

MATILDA DI CIABRANO, ossia Cor-
rado cuor di ferro, Italian opera semi-
seria, in two acts, text by Ferretti, music
by Rossini, first represented at the Teatro
Apollo, Rome, Feb. 25, 1821, with great
success. The cast included Mme Catteriua
Lipariui, Mme Anuetta Parlamagui, Sig.
Fuscoui, Fioravante, Moucada, Ambrosi,
and Parlamagui. After the first represen-
tation Rossini's followers and the partisans
of the old school disputed and fought near
the theatre. Pagauiui conducted the or-
chestra for the first three performances. It
is the only one of Rossini's operas ill which
the chief woman's part is written for a high
soprano. Corradiuo, a military chieftain,
has an aversion to women and forbids them
to enter his castle. Matilda, the orphan
daughter of a beloved fellow-officer, gains
admission and softens his heart. It was
first represented iu London at the King's
Theatre, July 3, 1823 ; iu Paris, Oct. 15,
1829; revived in London, April IS, ls.">|;
and suugiu New York, Feb. 10, 1857. Mine
Bosio achieved great success in this opera.
Clement etLarousse, 441 ; Edwards, Ros-
sini, 225 ; Escudier, Rossini, 156 ; Ebers,
Seven Years of the King's Theatre, 193 ;
Berliner rnus. Zeitg., vii. 197 ; Athenfeum
(1854), 499 ; Harrnonicon (1823), 115.

MATIN, LE, symphony in D, by Haydn,
composed in Eisenstadt about 1761. Pub-
lished by Breitkopf & Hilrtel (Leipsic,
1766). Pohl, Haydn, i. 229, 284 ; ii. 261.

MATRLMONIO PER RAGGIRO, IL (Le
mariage par ruse), Italian opera buffa, by
Cimarosa, first represented in Rome, in
1779. Published by Simrock (Bonn). Same
title, Italian opera by Picciuui, Genoa, 1793.



530



MATKIMONIO



MATRIMONIO SEGRETO, IL (The Se-
cret Marriage), Italian opera buft'n in two
acts, text by Bertatti, music by Cimarosa,
first represented iu Vienna in 1792. The
libretto is founded on the French operetta,
"Sophie, ou le manage cache" (adapted
from Garrick and Coleman's "Clandestine
Marriage "), text by Mine Kiccoboni, music
by Kohault, first represented at the Italiens,
Paris, June 4, 1708. Gerouimo, a rich




,, >-vx

1 X

Maria Felicita Mahbran.

merchant, has a clerk, Paolino, who has se-
cretly married Carolina, the merchant's
youngest daughter. Conte Robinson, who
has come to ask the hand of Elisetta, the
elder daughter, likes Carolina best and pro-
poses to relinquish half the dowry if he
may marry her. The situation is further
complicated by the love of Fidalma, aunt
of the girls, for Paolino. Paolino and Caro-
lina finally are forced to declare their mar-
riage, Robinson returns to Elisetta, and
Geronimo, through the intercession of Fi-



dalma, pardons all. The success of the
Matrimouio segreto was extraordinary, and
the Emperor Leopold, who was present at
its second performance, gave the singers a
banquet at its close, after which he had the
entire opera repeated. The opera was first
given in Paris, May 10, 1801, and at the
King's Theatre, London, Jan. 25, 1803, and
again in 1829, when Mine Malibran sang
the part of Fidalma, which became one of
her favourite roles. This work was given
simultaneously at Covent Garden and at
Her Majesty's, June 14, 1849, with the fol-
lowing casts : Coveiit Garden : Carolina,
Mine Persian! ; Elisetta, Mine Grisi ; Fi-
dalma, Mlled' Augri ; Paolino, Signer Mario ;
Robinson, Signer Tamburini ; Geronimo,
Signer Rouconi. Her Majesty's : Carolina,
Mile Parodi ; Elisetta, Mme Giuliani ; Fi-
dalma, Mile Alboui ; Paolino, Sign or Calzo-



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