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lari ; Robinson, Signer F. Lablache ; Gero-
uimo, Signor Lablache. Adelaide Kemble
(Mrs. Sartoris) and Mme Vestris achieved
great success iu this opera. It was revived
at the Lyceum, London, in February, 1871 ;
and at Covent Garden, with a new transla-
tion by W. Grist, Dec. 13, 1877. It was
first given in New York, Jan. 4, 1834, with
Ravaglia, De Rosa, Bordogni, Margozzi,
and Clementina Fauti. This opera was re-
vived in Vienna, as Die heimliche Ehe, with
recitatives by J. N. Fuchs, March 15, 1884.
Arrangement for the pianoforte, published
by Simrock (Bonn) ; by Peters (Leipsic, be-
tween 18G8-73). Clement et Larousse,
443 ; Fetis, ii. 304 ; Edwards, Hist. Opera,
ii. 96 ; Hogarth, ii. 167 ; Berliner mus.
Zeitg., vii. 199 ; Athenseum (1829), 461 ;
(1849), 651 ; (1871), i. 215.

MATROSE, DER (The Sailor), overture
and song for the play of, by Spohr, first
performed in Cassel, Dec. 21, 1838. Pub-
lished without opus number, by Schott
(Mainz). The song, with accompaniment
for the pianoforte for four hands arranged
by Spohr, was published by Paul (Dresden).
Spohr, Autobiography, ii. 213 ; Allgem.
mus. Zeitg., xli. 140.



037



.MATTEL



MATTEI, Abbate STAXISL.VO, born
in Bologna, Fob. 10, 1750, died there, May
17, 1825. Pupil of Padre Martini, whose
confessor be became, after taking holy or-
ders ; he cared for him tenderly during his
last years, and received his books and
papers, but never ventured to continue his
unfinished History of Music. From 177(1
he was Martini's deputy, and succeeded him
as maestro di cappella of San Francesco.
When the monasteries were suppressed, in
1798, he began to teach composition ; later
he was appointed maestro di cappella of
Sin Petronio ; and from the foundation of
the Liceo, in 1804, he was its professor of
counterpoint. Among his pupils were Ros-
sini, Donizetti, Morlacchi, Palmerini, Corti-
eelli, and Pilot ti. He was thoroughly famil-
iar with the traditions of the Italian school
of composition, but his method of instruc-
tion was wanting in clearness. Works :
Pratica d' accompagnamento sopra bassi
numcrati (Bologna, 1825-30, 3 parts) ; II
Librajo, intermezzo, and a Passion Oratorio,
both lct ; Masses, graduate, psalms, hymns,
motets, offertories, and other music in




manuscript, mostly in the libraries of San
Giorgio and the Minorite Convent of Bo-
logna. Canuti, Vita di Stanislao Mallei
(Bologna, 1829) ; Fetis ; do., Supplement,
ii. 187 ; Mendel, Krgiin/., 2i;r, ; Schilling ;
Osservazioni sulla vita di Stanislao Mattei
seritta dall' avvocato Filippo Cauuti (lieg-
gio, ls:ioi.

MATTEI, TITO, born in Campobasso,
Miy 24, 1841, still living, 1889. Pianist,
pupil of Thalberg, Raimoudi, Parisi, Couti,
and Ruta in Naples ; appeared in Paris in
1853, then in London ; made successful pro-
fessional tours in German}', France, and
Italy ; settled in London, where he is now
conductor atHer Majesty's Theatre. Works :



Maria di Gaud, a lyric drama, London, 1877 ;
The Grand Duke, comic opera, ib., 1888 ;
Le tourbillou, a waltz, and about 50 other
compositions for pianoforte ; Some Italian
melodies, and English songs. Fetis, Sup-
plement, ii. 187 ; Mendel, Ergauz., 2G7.

MATTEIS, NICOLA, Italian violinist of
the 17th century ; went to England about
1072. He is spoken of in the highest terms
in Evelyn's Diary. He prospered exceed-
ingly and lived so luxuriously that he
brought on diseases that ended his life.
Works : Aide, Preludij, Alemande, Sara-
bande, etc., per il violiuo. Libro Primo ;
Alt re Arie. Libro Secondo ; Ayres for the
Violin. The Third and Fourth Books ; Ode
on St. Cecilia's Day in 169G ; a song in the
collection, 12 New Songs (1699). He was
author also of The False Consonances of
Musick, or, Instructions for playing a true
Base upon the Guitarre, etc. His son Ni-
cola (died, 1749) was also a good violinist,
lived for a long time in Vienna, afterwards
at Shrewsbury, where Buruey was his pu-
pil. Grove ; Burney, Hist., iii. 513 ; North,
Memoirs of Musick, 122 ; Mendel, Ergiinz.,
267 ; Fetis, vi. 27 ; Gerber, iii.
358 ; Schilling, iv. 596.

MATTHAY, TOBIAS A., born
at Claphaui (London), Feb. 19,
1858, still living, 1889. Pianist,
pupil of Dorrell and W. Macfar-
ren, and in composition of Sterndale Bennett,
Sullivan, and Prout, at the Royal Academy
of Music, where he afterwards served as sub-
professor of harmony and pianoforte, and
in 1880 was placed on the staff as assistant
professor, in 1885 as full professor. Works :
4 concert overtures, and other works for or-
chestra ; Concert piece for pianoforte, with
orchestra ; Scena for contralto, do. ; A
Pamphlet, for violin and pianoforte ; Other
chamber music, and many pianoforte pieces ;
Part-songs, and songs.

MATTHESON, JOHANN, born in Ham-
burg, Sept. 28, 1681, died there, April 17,
17H1. Dramatic and church composer, and
distinguished writer on music ; played the



638



MATTIIISOX-IIAXSEN




organ and the harpsichord, sang and com-
posed, when only nine years old ; pupil of
Bru inn filler, Prii-
torius, and Kell-
ner. Saiig in op-
era in his native
town in 1690-
1705, acting also
as composer, di-
rector, and ac-
companist ; was a
friend of Handel,
during the latter's sojourn in Hamburg :
became tutor to the son of the English en-
voy in 1704, and secretary of legation in
170G ; was canon and cantor of the cathe-
dral from 1715 till 1728, when deafness
obliged him to resign ; was appointed court
Kapellmeister by the Duke of Holstein in
1719. Works Operas : Die Plejaden, given
in Hamburg, 1G99 ; Porsenna, Victor (with
others), DerTod desgrosseu Pan, ib., 1702 ;
Cleopatra, ib., 1704 ; Leretour de 1'age d'or,
Brunswick, 1705 ; Boris, Hamburg, 1710 ;
Heurico IV., re diCastiglia, ib., 1711 ; Pro-
logo per il re Lodovico XV., 1715 ; 24 ora-
torios ; Sonatas for flute and violin ; Epi-
cedium, funeral music for Charles XII. of
Sweden ; Mass, and other church music.
He was author also of many didactic and po-
lemic writings, biographical articles and no-
tices, and a Life of Handel (17G1). Allgem.
d. Biogr., xx. G21 ; Matthesou, Ehrenpforte,
187 ; Piiehl, Mus. Charakterkopfe, i. 37 ;
Samml. mus. Vortriige, i. 213 ; Fetis ; Schil-
ling.

MATTHISON-HANSEN. See Hansen.

MATTIOLI, Padre ANDREA, born at
Faenza about 1G17, died at Mantua after
1G71. Dramatic and church composer ; was
choirmaster in the Cathedral of Imola, and
afterwards became canon and maestro di
cappella to the Duke of Mantua. Works
Operas: L' esilio d' am ore, Ferrara, 1G50 ;
II ratto di Cefalo, ib., 1G51 ; Didone, Bo-
logna, 1G5G ; Perseo, Venice, 1GG5 ; Gli
sforzi del desiderio, Ferrara, 1GGG ; La
palma d' amore, cantata, ib., 1GGG ; Inni



sacriconcertati (Venice, 1G4G) ; Salmi a otto
voci (ib., 1641). Frtis.

MAUKEK, LUDWIG WILHELM, born
at Potsdam, Aug. 8, 1789, died in St. Peters-
burg, Oct. 25, 1S78. Virtuoso on the vio-
lin, pupil of Haak ; played publicly at the
age of thirteen in Berlin , and was attached
to the royal orchestra. On its dissolution
after the battle of Jena, in 180G, he set out
on a concert tour to Russia ; at Eiga he
made the acquaintance of Rode and Baillot,
and was much influenced especially by the
former's advice. His concerts at St. Peters-
burg rapidly extended his reputation. In
Moscow he obtained through Baillot's in-
fluence the place of Kapellmeister to Chan-
cellor Wsowologsky, and followed him to
the confines of Siberia when the French in-
vaded Russia. After visiting Berlin and
Paris, in 1818, he became Couzertmeister at
Hanover, returned to St. Petersburg in
1832, and after another tour, in 1845,
settled iu Dresden. Later he returned to
Russia. Works Operas : Alonzo, Der
entdeckte Diebstahl, Der ueue Paris, of
which only the overtures have been pub-
lished. Symphonic concertante for four
violins with orchestra, op. 55 ; do. for two
violins, with do., op. 50 ; Variations, for
do., op. 30 ; 8 concertos, 2 concertinos, 2
fantaisies, 10 airs varies, for violin and or-
chestra ; Airs varies, with quartet ; Quar-
tets for strings, op. 17, 28 ; Duos concer-
tants for violins, op. Gl ; German songs,
with pianoforte. Allgem. d. Biogr., xx. 707;
FcJtis ; Rieniann ; Schilling ; Wasielewski,
Die Violine, 317.

MAURERFREUDE, DIE, short cantata
for tenor with final chorus, by Mozart, com-
posed April 20, and first sung at the Free Ma-
sons' Lodge, Vienna, April 24, 1785. Allegro,
Andante, Presto, Molto Allegro. Published
first in Vienna. Breitkopf & Hiirtel, Mozart
Werke, Serie 4, No. 2 (Leipsic, 1882). Jahn,
Mozart, iii. 411 ; Kochel, Verzeichniss, No.
471 ; Upton, Standard Cantatas, 27G.

MAURERISCHE TRAUERMUSHv (Ma-
sonic Funeral Music), for orchestra, on the



53!)



MAX ANT



death of the brothers Mecklenburg and
Eszterhazy, by Mozart, op. 114, composed in
Vienna in July, 1785. It is a beautiful
composition, ail Adagio movement, based on
a caiitus firmus. The autograph is owned
by Julius Andre, of Frankfort, its first pub-
lisher. Breitkopf & Hart el, Mozart "\Verke,
Serie 10, No. 12 (Leipsic, 1881). Kuchel,
Verzeichniss, No. 477 ; Jahu, Mozart, iii.
41G ; Gehring, Mozart, 10G ; Hanslick, Cou-
certwesen in Wien, ii. 204.

M VX.VXT, JOHANN NEPOMUK AL-
BERT, bom at Divicz, Bohemia, March 22,
1750, died at Friedberg, ib., Dec. 19, 1838.
Organist and church composer, pupil of
Eokos ; served as organist in several monas-
teries of Upper and Nether Austria, and in
177(1 became choirmaster at Friedberg,
near Hohenfurt. Among his pupils there
\vas Simon Sechter. We irks: Mass for the
Academicians at Linz ; 18 other masse s ;
G motets ; C llequiems ; 42 arias ; Preludes
and other music for organ ; Sonatas and va-
riations for pianoforte. Dlabacz ; Gassner ;
Mendel ; Wurzbacb.

M VXIMELIEN ROBESPIERRE, over-
ture for orchestra, to the tragedy of the
same title by R. Griepenkerl, by Henry
Charles Litolff, op. 55. It was given by the
New York Philharmonic Society in the sea-
son of 1850-51. Published by Meyer
(Brunswick, 1851).

MAY DAY, cantata, music by George
Alexander Marl'aiTi n. first performed at the
P.radl'ord I Kngland) Festival, Sept. 4, 185G.
Sung iu London by the New Musical So-
ciety, Jan. 2(5, 1859. Atheuteum (is.'.f,),
1122 ;(1859), i. 157.

MAYER, CHARLES, bora at Kf.nigs-
berg, March 21, 179',), died in Dresden, July
2, 1862. Pianist, pupil of Field in St. Pe-
tersburg ; accompanied his father to Paris
on a concert tour iu 1814 ; lived in St. Pe-
tersburg as teacher in 1819-50, forming as
many as eight hundred pupils ; travelled in
1845 in Austria, Sweden, and Germany ;
settled at Dresden in 1850. Works : Grand
concerto, with orchestra, op. 70 ; Concerto




symphonique, do., op. 89 ; Grand rondo
brillaut, do., op. 28 ; 3 Allegro de concert,
do. ; Grandes varia-
tions, do. ; Fantasias ;
Variations ; Etudes ;
Nocturnes ; Caprices,
etc. Allgem. d. Bi-
ogr., xxi. 88 ; Men-
del ; F6tis ; Rie-
rnann ; Schilling;
W e i t 7. m a n n , Ge-
schichte des Clavier-
spiels, 93.

MAY QUEEN, THE, pastoral cantata,
text by Chorley, music by William Stern-
dale Bennett, op. 39, first performed at the
; Leeds (England) Festival, Sept. 8, 1858.
Characters represented : The May Queen
(S.), Mine Novello ; The Queen (A.), Miss
Lascelles ; The Lover (T.), Mr. Sims
Reeves; Robin Hood (B.), Mr. Weiss. The
overture had been previously performed
under the title of Marie du Bois. The can-
tata was first sung in London in 1859 ; iii
New York, Nov. 29, 18G4. It was repre-
sented with scenery at the Crystal Palace,
London, Oct. 18, 1883. Athenaum (1858),
11 ; (1859), 338 ; (1871), ii. 504 ; Upton,
Standard Cantatas, G4.

MAY Pi (Mayer), (JOHANN) SIMON,
born at Mendorf, P.avuria, June 14, 17G3,
died at Bergamo, Dec. 2, 1845. Dramatic
composer, son and pupil of a village organ-
ist, he took up music again after complet-
ing his education at the Jesuit Seminary
and the University of Ingolstiult. His pat-
ron, Baron Thomas de Bessus, took him
to Switzerland and thence to Bergamo,
where he received insufficient instruction
from Carlo Leuzi. Another patron, Count
Pesenti, sent him to Venice to study under
Bertoni, and on this patron's death he was
advised by Piccinui to write operas, in
which he was so successful that he pro-
duced more than seventy in 1794-1814.
He was appointed maestro di cappella of
S. M. Magnioreiu Bergamo iu 1802, and di-
rector of the musical institute of Bergamo,



MAYKBEKGEK



at its foundation in 1805. He was so at-
tached to Bergamo that he refused the
most flattering invitations to leave it, but
made a visit to Bavaria in 1838. In Ber-
gamo he founded two charitable institu-
tions, the Scuola Caritatevole di Musica and
the Pio Istituto Musicale. For some years
before his death he was blind. A monu-
ment was erected to him in 1852 in Berga-
mo, and in 1875 his remains and those of
his pupil Donizetti were removed to S.
M. Maggiore there. Though a German
by birth, he was thoroughly Italian as a
composer, and his works are the type of
the dramatic compositions of his time. His
operas were performed in the principal
cities of Italy. He is said to have intro-
duced the crescendo of the orchestra, often
attributed to Rossini. "Works Operas :
Saffo, ossia I riti d' Apollo Leucadio, 1794 ;
Lodoiska, 179G ; Un pazzo ne fa cento,
Telemacco, II segreto, L' intrigo delle let-
tere, 1797 ; Avviso ai maritati, Lauso e
Lidia, Adriano in Siria, Che originali, 1798 ;
L' amor ingegnoso, L' ubbidienza per astu-
zia, Adelaide di Guesclino, L' avaro, Sabiuo
e Carlotta, L' accademia di mnsica, 1799 ;
Lodoiska (with new music), Gli Sciti, La
locaudiera, II carretto del venditor d' aceto,
L' equivoco, L' imbroglione ed il castiga-
matti, 1800 ; Ginevra di Scozia, Le due
giornate, I virtuosi, Argene, 1801 ; I misteri
Eleusini, 1802 ; Ercole in Lidia, I finti
rivali, Alfonso e Cora, 1803 ; Amor non ha
rite'uo, Elisa, L' eroe delle Indie, 1804 ;

o

Eraldo ed Emma, Di locanda in locauda,
L' amor conjugale, La roccia di Frauenstein,
1805 ; Gli Americani, Ifigenia in Aulide, II
picciol compositore di musica, 180G ; Adela-
sia ed Aleramo, Le due giornate (with new
music) ; Ne 1' nn ne 1' altro, Belle ciarle e
tristi fatti, 1807 ; I Cherusci, II vero origi-
nale, 1808 ; II ritorno d' Ulisse, 1809 ; II
Raoul di Crequi, Amore uon soffre opposi-
zione, 1810 ; Itigenia in Aulide (with new mu-
sic), II disertore, ossia 1'amore filiale, 1811 ;
Medea in Corinto, 1813 ; Tamerlauo, 1813 ;
Le due duchesse, Rosa bianca e rosa rossa,



Atar, 1814 ; Cori, 1815 ; Elena e Costau-
tiuo, 181G ; Mennone e Zemira, 1817 ; La-
uassa, 1818 ; Le Dauaidi, 1819 ; Inno a Pal-
lade, 1820 ; Alfredo il Grande, 1821 ; Fedra,
1822 ; Demetrio, 1824. Oratorios : Jacob
a Labario fugiens, Venice, 1791 ; Sisara, ib.,
1793 ; Tobise matrimonium, ib., 1794 ;
Davide, ib., 1795 ; La Passione, Foiii, 1794 ;
n sacrifizio di Jefte, ib., 1795 ; Samuele,
Bergamo, 1821 ; San Luigi Gonzaga, ib.,
1822 ; Atalia, Naples, 1822. 17 solemn
masses, with orchestra ; 4 Requiems ; 25
psalms ; Vespers with orchestra ; All the
psalms, for 4-5 voices, with organ ; Stabat
Mater ; G Miserere ; 3 Benedictus ; Several
cantatas for special occasions ; About 12
cantatas for voices only ; Some instrumen-
tal music ; Musical treatises ; Biographical
notices of Haydn and Antonio Capuzzi.
Allgem. d. Biogr., xxi. 14G ; Allgem. mus.
Zeitg., xlviii. 113 ; Fetis ; do., Supplement,
ii. 189 ; Per il settautesimo ottavo natalizio
del celebre maestro Gio. Simone Mayr
(Bergamo, 1841) ; Donizetti Mayr, uotizie e
document! (ib., 1875) ; Finazzi, II maestro
Giovanni Simone Mayr, orazioue (ib., 1875) ;
Mendel ; Schilling ; Harmonicon (1826), 133.

MAYRBERGER, KARL, bom in Vienna,
June 9, 1828, died at Presburg, Sept. 23,
1881. Dramatic composer, pupil of Preyer ;
became professor at a government institu-
tion, and in 1SG4 Kapellmeister of the ca-
thedral at Presburg. Works : Melusina,
opera, given at Presburg, 1876 ; Die Ent-
fiihruug der Priuzessin Europa, burlesque
opera, 1868 ; Music to Oehlsehlager's drama
Yrsa ; Choruses for male voices, and songs.
Fetis, Supplement, ii. 191 ; Riemann.

MAYSEDER, JOSEPH, born in Vienna,
Oct. 26, 1789, died there, Nov. 21, 18G3.
Virtuoso on the violiu, pupil of Suche and
Wrauitzky, and influenced by Schuppan-
zigh, in whose quartets he played second
violin. He gave his first concerts in 1800,
and studied pianoforte and composition
under Enianuel Forster in 1802 ; became
solo violin in the court theatres in 1810,
and in the court orchestra in 1816, iui-



541



MAX AS



perial chamber virtuoso in 1835, and for
maiiv years played iu St. Stephen's Cathe-
dral. Ill 1811 he received the large gold
Salvator medal from the municipality of
Vienna, in 1817 the freedom of the city, and
in 1862 the Order of Franz Joseph. He
was a virtuoso of the highest rank and had
many pupils. Works : 3 violin concertos,
2 concertinos, 6 polonaises, 4 rondos, 20
hooks of variations, 7 string quartets, 3
quintets, 4 pianoforte trios, 3 sonatas, 3 di-
vertissements, 1 fantasia for pianoforte and
violin, 1 trio for violin, harp, and horn, 2
pot-pourris, 1 book of violin studies, and 3
duets for two violins ; and, unpublished, a
concert overture, a quartet, 2 quintets, and
a mass. Allgem. d. Biogr., xxi. 149; Re-
censioneu mid Mittheilungen iiber Theater,
etc. (Vienna, 1861), vii. No 50 ; (1863), ix.
801; Wurzbach, xvii. 195; 1-Ytis; Srhil-
ling ; "Wasielewski, Die Violine, 344 ; Hart,
The Violin, 414; Dubourg, The Violin,
247.

MAZAS, JACQUES FKRKOL, born in
Beziers, Sept. 23, 17S'2, died in 1S4'.. Vir-
tuoso on the violin, pupil of Baillot at the
Paris Conservatoire iu LSO'J - 5 : \voii the first
jiri/c in 1S05, appeared in concerts at the
( I lc on, and was a member of the orchestra
at the Italian Opera. He travelled in Spain.
England, Belgium, Italy, (iermany, and
Russia in 1811-29 ; was in Paris in Ivj'.i
31, part of the time as first violin at the
Palais Royal ; was later teacher and music
director at Orleans, and iu 1S37 became di-
rector of the music school at Cambrai, but
resigned in 1841, and after that seems to
have lived in retirement. Works Operas :
Corinne au Capitole ; Le kiosque ; Musta-
pha. Concerto ; Fantaisies, etc., for violin,
with orchestra ; Quartets, trios, and duets
for strings ; Method for violin ; do. for viola.
Futis ; Riemann ; Mendel, vii. 103 ; do.,
Ergiinz., 269 ; Larousse, x. 1389 ; Wasielew-
ski, Die Violine, 377.

MAZEPPA, overture, by Georges Mathias,
first performed at the Chatelet concerts,
Paris, Nov. 12, 1876.



MAZEPPA, symphonic poem for orches-
tra, in D minor, by Liszt, op. 4, No. 6, first
performed at the Hof theater, Weimar, in
April, 1854. It was composed in Paris, be-
tween 1830 and 1835, and appeared first in
the twelve etudes for the pianoforte, No.
4, and orchestrated in 1850. The subject
is taken from Victor Hugo's poem of the
same title. Allegro agitato ; Andante ;
Allegro marziale, in which au original Cos-
sack rhythm is introduced. First performed
in Leipsic, Feb. 2(>, 1857 ; in London, at
the Crystal Palace, Dec. 8, 187(5 ; by the
Philharmonic Society of New York iu the
season of 1865-66. Published by Breitkopf
& Hiirtel (Leipsic, 1856). Arranged for the
pianoforte for four hands by L. Stark,
Breitkopf & Hiirtel (Leipsic, 1884). Pohl,
Liszt, 79, 397 ; Ramanu, Liszt, 463 ;
Grove, ii. 147 ; Neue Zeitschr., xlvi. 101 ;
(issi), 105; Athenfeum (1876), ii. 808;
Upton, Standard Symphonies, 287.

MAZZA, GIUSEPPE, borii at Parma in
isuii, died at Trieste, June 20, 1885. Dra-
matic composer. Works : Amor la vince,
Lucca, 1826 ; La vigilanza delusa, Turin,
1827 ; Montenciel, Florence, 1827 ; L' al-
bergo incantato, opera buffa, Florence,
1828; Elena e Malviuo, Rome, 1835; La
dama irlandese, Naples, 1836 ; Catterina di
Guisa, Treviso, 1838 ; L'orfauelladiLanissa,
Milan, 1838 ; Leocadia, Zara, 1844 ; Mon-
sieur Deschalumeaux, Naples ; La prova
d' uu opera seria ; La sacerdotessa d' Iside,
Milan ; La sciocca per astuzia, Trieste ; II
voto di Jefte, ib. ; Chiara di Chaleucy. Fe-
tis.

MAZZIXGHI, JOSEPH, born in London
in 1765, died at Bath, Jan. 15, 1844. Pu-
pil of Johann Christian Bach, Bertoliui, Sac-
chiui, and Anfossi ; became organist of the
Portuguese Chapel iu 1775 ; was composer
and director at the King's Theatre iu 1784.
He was a popular teacher of the pianoforte
and was the music-master of the Princess
of Wales, afterwards Queen Caroline. He
became a Count about 1830. Works Op-
eras : II tesoro ; La belle Arsene ; A Day



512



MAZZOCCHI



in Turkey, 1791 ; The Magician no Con-
juror, 1702 ; Ramah Droog, 1793 ; The
Turnpike Gate, 1799 ; Paul and Virginia,
1800 ; The Blind Girl, 1801 ; Chains of
the Heart, 1802 (the last five with Reeve) ;
The Wife of Two Husbands, 1803 ; The Ex-
ile, 1808 ; The Free Knights, 1810. About
70 sonatas ; The Wreath, and other glees ;
Songs ; Mass ; 6 hymns ; Much pianoforte
music ; 3 quartets ; Symphonic concertante
for violins, flute, viola, and bass ; Music for
wind instruments ; Tyro-Musicus, being a
complete introduction to the pianoforte,
Grove ; Mendel, Ergiinz., 2G9 ; Fetis ;
Bingley, Mus. Biog., ii. 256.

MAZZOCCHI, DOMENICO, born at
Civita Castellaua, end of the 16th century.
He was doctor of civil law, and passed most
of his life in Koine. He was the first to use
the signs for crescendo and diminuendo.
Works Oratorios : Le catene cV Adone
(Venice, 162G) ; II martirio de' Santi Abuu-
dio prete, Abbuudanzio diacouo, Marziano
e Giovanni suo figliuolo (Rome, 1631). Mad-
rigals (ib., 1625) ; Motets (ib., 1628) ; Mad-
rigals (ib., 1638) ; Madrigals (ib., 1640) ;
Tutti li versi latiui del Soinmo Poutefice
Urbano VIH. (ib., 1638). Buruey, Hist,, iii.
529 ; Fetis ; Mendel ; Schilling ; Gerber.

MAZZOLANI, ANTONIO, born at Ruina,
Ferrara, Dec. 26, 1819, still living, 1889.
Dramatic composer, pupil at Ferrara of
Padre Francesco Zagaguoni, afterwards of
Filippo Ferrari ; having returned to his
native town, he settled five years later at
Ferrara to teach music, and founded a
choral society, for which he composed many
cantatas and choruses ; went soon after to
Lucca, but returned to Ferrara in 1853.
Works : II tradimeuto, given at Lucca,
1852 ; Gismonda, Ferrara, 1853 ; Eurico di
Charlis, ovvero il ritorno dalla Russia, ib.,
1876. Fetis, Supplement, ii. 192.

MAZZONI, ANTONIO, born at Bologna
in 1718, died there (?) after 1773. Dra-
matic and church composer, pupil of Pre-
dieri, and while still quite young acted as
maestro di cappella in several churches at



Fano, and other places in the Marches of An-
coiiii. In 1744 he went to Spain, composed
operas for the theatres at Madrid and Lis-
bon, and after his return to Italy in 1752
for those at Parma and Naples. In 1757
he was elected president of the Accademia
Filannouica, in 1758 called to St. Peters-
burg, whence he went to Sweden and Den-
mark, returning to Bologna in 1761, when
he was appointed maestro di cappella at S.
Giovanni in Monte, and in 1767 at the
cathedral (S. Pietro). In 1773 he was
elected president of the Accademia for the
fourth time. Works Operas : Le astuzie
aniorose, opera buffa, Modena, 1754 ; 1
viaggiatori ridicoli, do., Parma, 1756 ; Ifi-
genia in Tauride, Treviso, 1756 ; Achille in
Sciro, Naples, 1756. Mass for 8 voices ;
Magnificat for do. ; Laudati pueri, for a
voice, with orchestra. A number of his
compositions are in the Liceo at Bologna.
Frtis.

MAZZUCATO, ALBERTO, born at
Udine, Friuli, July 28, 1813, died in Milan,
Dec. 31, 1877. Dramatic composer, pupil
of Bresciani ; became instructor of singing
at the Milan Coiiservatorio in 1839, of com-
position in 1851 ; was appointed lecturer
on ii'sthetics and history of music in 1852,
and succeeded Lauro Rossi as director in
1872. He was director of the Scala in
1854-55, and maestro concertatore in 1859-
69 ; edited for several years the Gazzetta mu-
sicale di Milano, and the Giornale della So-
cieta del Quartette. Works Operas : La
fidanzata di Lammermoor, Padua, 1834 ; Don
Chisciotto, Milan, 1836 ; Esmeralda, Man-
tua, 1838 ; I corsari, Milan, 1840 ; I due
sergeuti, ib., 1841 ; Luigi V., ib., 1843 ; Er-
naui, Genoa, 1843. Roma, a hymn ; Mass ;
Vespers ; Songs. He was author also of arti-
cles on music, and many translations of mu-
sical works. Fi'tis ; do., Supplement, ii.
193 ; Riemaun ; Mendel, Ergiiuz., 269.

MEDEA, overture for orchestra by Wol-
demar Bargiel, op. 22, first performed in
Leipsic in 1861. It is one of Bargiel's best
compositions and is frequently played. It



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MEM: A



was first given by the New York Philhar-



Online LibraryJohn Denison ChamplinCyclopedia of music and musicians (Volume 2) → online text (page 83 of 93)