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1857. Organist, son and pupil of the pre-
ceding. He became organist of St. John's,
Farmvorth, in 1835, and of the parish
church, Boltou, in 1842. In 1845 he en-
tered the Academy of Music, London,
studied under Sterudale Bennett, and was

organist of Curzon Chapel in 1845-40. Mus.
Bac., Oxford, 1852. Works : Supplication
and Thanksgiving, cantata (degree exercise) ;
Anthems ; Glees ; Songs, etc. Grove.

FAY, ETIENNE, born at Tours (Indre-
et-Loire) in 1770, died at Versailles, Dec.
0, 1845. Dramatic singer and composer,
made his musical studies while a chorister
in the Metropolitan Church of his native
city. He made his debut as a tenor at the
Theatre de la rue de Louvois, Paris, in
1790, entered upon an engagement at the
Theatre Favart in 1792, and at the Feydeau
about 1795 ; upon the fusion of these two
enterprises into the Opera Comique, in 1801,
he went to Brussels, came back to Paris in
1804, to bring out an opera, and again, in
1819, to sing at the Opera Comique, having
meanwhile travelled and sung for a long
time in the provinces. In 1820 he went to
Holland, and the year after was engaged
at the Theatre du Gymnase in Paris, but
soon returned to Belgium, and lived there
until 1850, when he finally settled in Paris.
Works Operas : Flora, given at the The-
atre Louvois, 1791 ; Le projet extravagant,
Le bon pure, ib., 1793 ; L'iuterieur d'un me-
nage republicaiu, vaudeville, Theatre Favart,
1794 ; Les rendez-vous espaguols, ib., 1795 ;
Emma, ou le soupcon, Clementine, ou la
belle-mere, Theatre Feydeau, 1795 ; La
famille savoyarde, ib., 1800 ; La bonne
aventure, Theatre des Jeunes Eleves, 1802 ;
Julie, Opera Comique, 1804. Futis ; do.,
Supplement, i. 321.

FAYRFAX (Fairfax), ROBERT, born at
Bayford, Herts, in the latter part of the
15th century, died at St. Alban's. He is
supposed to have been organist, or chanter,
at St. Alban's Abbey, early in the 10th cen-
tury. In 1504 he was given the degree of
Mus. Doc. at Cambridge, and in 1511 at
Oxford. In the British Museum is a vol-
ume of part-songs for two, three, and four
voices, in MS., once belonging to Dr. Fayr-
fax, which contains some of his own among
other compositions, and which is probably
the oldest collection of English secular part-


songs in existence. Four three-part songs !
by him are preserved in Smith's "Musica
Antiqua," and others in Burney and Haw-
kins. Several of his sacred compositions
are in MS. in the Music School, Oxford.
Grove ; Naumann (Ouseley), i. 668 ; Am-
bros, iii. 444 ; Fetis.

in Rome. Singer in the Pontifical Chapel in
17GO. A distinguished composer in the old
Roman style, he was successively maestro
di cappella of Sta. Cecilia, of Sta. Margarita,
and of Sta. Apollouia in Trastevere. His
masses were in the Sautiiii collection. Fe-
tis ; Mendel.

FEBURE. See Lefcbure.

opera, text and music by Benedetto Mar-
cello, represented at Vicenza, 1702 and

FEDELE. See Treu.

FEDELI, RUGGIERO, born in Italy about
1670, died in Cassel in 1722. He was Ka-
pellmeister of the Landgrave of Hesse-Cas-
sel in 1700, and was afterwards in the service
of the King of Prussia. He wrote operas,
even the titles of which are forgotten. His
funeral mass for the death of the queen
was considered his best work (Berlin, 1755).
Fetis ; Mendel.

Rome, lived there in the second half of
the 17th century. Priest and composer.
Works : Santa Christina, oratorio (1(57G) ;
Santa Catarina di Siena, oratorio (1676).
Burney gives airs from one of these. He
published also songs. Fetis ; Buruey, Hist.,
iv. 117 ; Mendel.

FEDERICI, VINCENZO, born at Pesaro
in 1764, died in Milan, Sept. 26, 1826.
Dramatic composer, pupil of Angelo Gadani
at Bologna ; at the age of sixteen he went
to England, and thence to America ; re-
turned to London, where he taught music,
and derived inspiration from the works of
Handel and the old Italian composers. En-
gaged as pianist at the Italian opera, he be-
came familiar with the works of Cimarosa,

Paisiello, and Sarti, but was incited, partic-
ularly by Haydn's symphonies, to the serious
study of composition, and went to Italy in
1785 to become a pupil of Francesco Bian-
chi. After another sojourn in London, 1792
-1802, he returned to Italy, and in 1809 was
appointed professor of counterpoint at the
newly erected Couservatorio, and in 1826
succeeded Minoja as its ceusore (director).
In 1812 he visited Paris to bring out an
opera. Works Operas : Olimpiade, Turin,
1790 ; Demofoonte, Zenobia, London, about
1792 ; Nitteti, ib., about 1793 ; Didone ab-
bandonata, ib., about 1794 ; Castore e Pol-
luce, II giudizio di Numa, Milan, 1803 ;
Oreste in Tauride, ib., 1804 ; La Sofonisba,
Turin, 1805 ; Idomeneo, Za'ira, Milan, 1806 ;
La conquista dell' Indie, Turin, 1808 ; Ifi-
genia in Aulide, Milan, 1809 ; Virginia,
Rome, 1809 ; La locandiera scaltra, Paris,
1812. Teseo, cantata ; Other cantatas ;
Sonatas for pianoforte, and other instru-
mental pieces. Fetis ; Mendel ; Schilling ;

FEEN, DTE (The Fairies), romantic
opera in three acts, text and music by
Richard "Wagner, written in 1833, first rep-
resented at Munich, June 29,1888. The
overture alone was played at Magdeburg in
1834. The original score, dedicated to his
patron, King Ludwig H. of Bavaria, was
found among that monarch's effects after his
death. The libretto is a German version of
an Italian tale by Gozzi, which deals with
the difficulties attending the love of Arindal,
a mythical prince, and Ada, a fairy. Mus.
Wochenblatt (1887), 325, 337 ; Athenrcum
(1888), ii. 41.

(The Camp of Silesia), German opera in
three acts, text by Rellstab, music by
Meyerbeer, represented in Berlin at the
opening of the new opera-house, Dec. 7,
1844 (the old one was burned, Aug. 18,
1843). Iii this opera, the subject of which
is an episode in the life of Frederick the
Great, Jenny Lind made a wonderful success
in the character of Vielka, which was writ-



ten especially for her. Mosclieles, writing
(Jan. 10, 1845) of her performance, says :
" Jenny Liud Las fairly enchanted me ; she
is unique in her way, and her song with two
coucertante flutes is perhaps the most in-
credible feat in the way of bravura singing
that can possibly be heard." She achieved

Jenny Lind.

a still more extraordinary success in Vienna,
where she appeared in the same role, Feb.
17, 1847, as much as eighty florins being
paid for seats. The opera has never been
given out of Germany, but the composer
transferred many of its best numbers to
li'fitoile du Nord.

FELICI, BARTOLOMEO (Alessandro ?),
born in Florence about 1730, died ('?).
Dramatic composer. His operas, L' am ante
contrastato, 1768 ; L' amore soldato, 1769 ;
and La cameriera astuta, 1769, were per-
formed in many of the Italian theatres. He
wrote quartets for the violin, and psalms
with orchestral accompaniment. His school
of composition, opened in Florence in 1770,
was celebrated. Fetis ; do., Supplement, i.
322 ; Mendel.

FELIS, STEFFANO, born at Bari, Italy,
about 1550, composer, canon, and maestro
of the cathedral in 1583. He went to

Prague with his patron Philippe Domi-
nique de Croy, and published masses there
(1588). He published also motets, mad-
rigals, etc. Fetis ; Mendel ; Walther, 242 ;
Viotta, i. 505.

FELIX, ou 1'enfant trouve (The Found-
ling), comedy in three acts, text by Sedaine,
music by Monsigny, represented at the
Italiens, Paris, Nov. 24, 1777, after a private
performance (Nov. 10th) before the court
at Fontaiuebleau. Although Monsigny was
but forty-eight years old, this was his last
work. He said, on the day when he finished
this score, that music was dead for him.
The subject of the opera, Felix, a found-
ling brought up by an honest villager, loves
Therese, the daughter of his foster-father,
but flies from his house on account of the
hatred of his son. He saves the life of an
unknown seigneur, who turns out to be his
father and the owner of a considerable sum
of money in the hands of the villager. The
money is restored, Felix marries Thuruse,
and all ends happily.

FELL, ANTONIO, died at Palermo in
1867. Dramatic composer, pupil of Rai-
mondi ; composed several operas, among
which are especially commended : Eufemia,
and La sposa d' Abido ; also several masses
and many other works of various kinds.
Fetis, Supplement, i. 322.

soprano air in A major, of Michal, in Han-
del's Saul, Part I.

FELTON, WILLIAM, born in 1713, died
Dec. 6, 17C9. Organist, vicar-choral of
Hereford Cathedral in the middle of the
18th century. He was an able performer
also on the harpsichord. Works : 3 sets of
concertos for organ in imitation of those
of Handel ; also 2 or 3 sets of lessons for
organ. Feltou's Gavot was long popular,
and his Funeral Chant is still much sung.
Grove ; Fetis ; Burney, History, iv. 664.

DE, born in Paris, June 27, 1806, died there,
Dec. 3, 1850. Dramatic composer, pupil of
Reicha in 1825 and advised by Boieklieu.



He was the third son of the Marechal clue
cle Feltre, and served as an officer in the
army until 1829, when he devoted himself
entirely to composition. Works Operas :
Une aveuture de Saint-Foix (1830) ; La
garde de nuit, given at the Priucesse de
Yaudeinont's, 1831 (rewritten in part, 1844,
and called Le capitaine Albert) ; Le fils clu
prince, Opera Comique, 1834 ; L' inceudio
di Babilonia (1841) ; Valerie (unfinished) ; In-
strumental and vocal music. Fetis ; Mendel.

LE RAMAGE ? See Ariodant.

FEMY, FRANCOIS, known as Ferny
1'aine, bom in Ghent, Oct. 4, 1790. Vio-
linist and dramatic composer, pupil of
Kreutzer at the Paris Conservatoire, where
he took the prize for harmony in 1806 and
for violin in 1807. For several years he
was a member of the orchestra of the The-
atre des Yarietes, then travelled in France
and Germany, and in 1834 settled at Rot-
terdam. Works: Lestrois Kussanls, comic
opera, given at Antwerp, 1813 ; Der Rau-
graf, German opera, Frankfort, 1827 ; 4
symphonies ; 3 concertos for violin and or-
chestra ; Quartets, duos, romances, varia-
tions, etc., for violin. Fetis ; do., Supple-
ment, i. 323 ; Mendel ; Schilling.

FENAROLI, FEDELE, born at Lanci-
ano, Abruzzi, in 1752, died in Naples, Jan.
1, 1818. Contrapuntist, pupil of Durante
at the Conservatorio of Loreto, Naples. He
became maestro of the Couservatorio de'
Turchini, and had many celebrated pupils.
Works : 12 motets ; 4 masses with orches-
tra ; a Requiem mass ; 2 Miserere for four
voices ; Ave Maria for four voices ; Hymns
and psalms for special occasions. He pub-
lished studies in counterpoint and techni-
cal works. Fetis ; Larousse ; Mendel.

FENZI, VICTOR, born at Naples, died
at Moscow, April, 1827. Violoncellist, and
composer for his instrument ; went in 1807
to Paris, where he played at several con-
cei'ts, and after visiting Germany settled in
Russia. Works : 4 concertos for violon-
cello ; Several pot-pourris ; 2 books of

trios ; 3 do. of airs varies (published in
Paris and Germany). His brother Giu-
seppe was considered the best violoncellist
in Naples, made concert tours in Italy, and
composed concertos and airs varies for his
instrument. Fetis ; Mendel ; Schilling.

FEO, FRANCESCO, born in Naples
about the end of the 17th century. Dra-
matic composer, pupil of Domenico Gizzi
in singing and composition, and in Rome
(if Pitoni in counterpoint. He succeeded
Gizzi in 1740 as director of the singing
school of Naples, and had many famous pu-
pils. Gluck is said to have taken the motif
of a chorus in his Telemacco from a Kyrie
by Feo, which he afterwards reproduced in
his Iphigeuie en Aulide. Some of Feo's
church music in MS. is preserved in the li-
brary of the Conservatoire, Paris. Works
Operas : L' amor tirannico, ossia Zenobia,
three acts, given in Naples, Jan. 18, 1713 ;
Siface, re di Numidia, three acts, ib., 1723 ;
Ipermestra, Rome, 1725 ; Arianna, ib.,
1728 ; Andromacca, ib., 1730 ; Arsace, ib.,
1731. Three intermezzi : Don Chisciotte
della Mancia ; Coriando lo speziale ; H ve-
dovo. An oratorio : La distruzione dell'
esercito de' Cananei con la morte de Sisera,
given in Prague, 1739. A requiem ; Masses ;
Psalms ; Litanies, etc. Fetis, iii. 206 ;
do., Supplement, i. 323 ; Mendel, iii. 489 ;
do., Ergilnz., 102 ; Schilling ; Gerber.

FERAMORS, lyric opera in three acts,
text by Julius Rodenberg, music by Anton
Rubinstein, given in Dresden, 18G3. Sub-
ject from Thomas Moore's "Lalla Rookh."
Feramors is the young poet who entertains
Lalla Rookh with poetical recitations while
on her journey from Delhi, to be married to
the sultan. She falls in love with the poet
and finds, to her joy, on her wedding-morn,
that the poet and the sultan are one. The
opera was given in Vienna, April 24, 1872.
Hanslick, Moderue Oper, 325.

ice, beginning of the 18th century, died in
Munich in 1793. Dramatic composer, pu-
pil of Antonio Biffi, maestro di cappella of


San Marco. He went to Munich as court
oboist, and became director of chamber mu-
sic, and subsequently councillor and Ka-
pellmeister. Works Operas : Berenice,
given at the Court Theatre iu Munich, 1730 ;
Ailriano in Siria, Demofoonte, ib., 1737 ;
Artaserse, ib., 1739 ; Catoue in Utica, ib.,
1753; Diana placata, ib., 1758; Talestri,
ib. ; II festino, Parma, 175G ; Cornponi-
mento clrammaticoper I'incoronazione di Ca-
rolo VII, etc., Munich, 1742. Many canta-
tas, thirty of which are in the Royal Library
at Dresden ; Sonatas for the flute (Amster-
dam, 1730) ; Compositions for alto-viol and
lute. Fc'tis ; Mendel ; Schilling.

FERNAND CORTEZ, on la conquote du
Mexique (The Conquest of Mexico), opera
in three acts, text by Etienue Jouy, after
Pirou's drama, music by Spontiui, repre-
sented at the Academie Imperiale de Mu-
sique, Paris, Nov. 28, 1809, before the Em-
peror Napoleon and the Kings of Saxony
and Westphalia. The original text was
written by Jouy. Napoleon hoping to in-
fluence public opinion in favour of his
plans for the Spanish war, the Minister of
the Interior desired Jouy to introduce into
the libretto more distinct allusions to the
topics of the day. Jouy declining to alter
the text, a few additions and alterations
were made by Esim'nard, the part of Moute-
zuraa being suppressed altogether. Though
the opera was a success, it had but twenty-
four representations in seven years. On
May 28, 1817, it was revived, with consider-
able changes by Jouy, the third act be-
coming the first, the first act the second,
and a part of the second the third. The
part of Montezuma was reinstated and the
character of Amazily strengthened. In its
second form Cortez achieved a new success.
It kept the Paris stage up to 1839, when
248 representations had been given. It
was produced in Berlin, April 20, 1818, and
elsewhere soon after. In 1823, when Spou-
tini was Kapellmeister at Berlin, the third
act was remodelled by the poet Tlu'auleou,
and in this form the pianoforte score was

published by Hofmeister of Leipsic. The
full score was published in Paris iu 1882.
Cortez was produced in Stockholm in 1826
and again in 1838 ; in Vienna, 1854 ; and
in New York, in German, at the Metropol-
itan Opera House, Jan. 6, 1888. The plot,
in its present form, is as follows : Alvarez,
brother of Cortez, and other Spaniards,
prisoners to the Mexicans and about to be
sacrificed, are preserved by Montezuma as
hostages for the departure of the invaders.
Amazily, sister of Telasco, the Mexican
commander, has become a Christian and

Alexandrine Branchu.

fled to Cortez, whom she loves, but revisits
the city to endeavour to bring about peace.
Montezuma sends her back to the Spanish
camp to arrange an armistice, and Telasco,
who has been undermining the fidelity of
Cortez's soldiers by presents, follows her
under a flag of truce to second her efforts.
Cortez quells an insurrection which breaks
out, and holds Telasco as a hostage for the
safety of Alvarez and his companions ; but,
the release of the Spaniards being promised
by the Mexicans, he suffers Telasco to re-
turn. Telasco opposes the keeping of faith
with Cortez, and the prisoners are about to
meet their doom, when Amazily swims the
lake and offers her life for them. But the



sacrifice is unnecessary, for Cortez storms
the city, saves all, and peace is made.


Amazily (S.) Mine Brauchu.

Fernand Cortez (T.) M. Laine.

Telasco (Bar.) M. Lais.

Alvar (T.) M. Laforet.

Le Grand Pro t re (B.) M. Derivis.

NEW YORK, 1888.

Amazily (S.) Frl. Meisslinger.

Fernand Cortez (T.) Herr Niemann.

Moutezuma (Bar.) Herr Elmblad.

Telasco (Bar.) Herr Robinson.

Alvarez (T.) Herr Alvary.

High Priest (B.) Herr Fischer.

Le Menestrel (1871), Sept. 6, 13, 20, 27,
Oct. 4 ; 11. Rochette, Notice historique . . .
de Spontini (Paris, 1852) ; Grove, iii. 668 ;
Krehbiel, Review (1887-88) ; N. Y. Evening
Post, Jan. 7, 1888.

FERNANDO, German operetta in one
act, text by Albert Stadler, music by Franz
Schubert, written in Vienna, 1815, but nev-
er represented. It was composed in six
days. The original score is in the posses-
sion of Dr. Eduard Schneider, Vienna.

FERRA150SCO (Ferabosco), ALFONSO,
Italian musician, settled in England in the
middle of the 10th century. He composed
motets, madrigals, and pieces for the virgin-
als, and ranked as one of the first musicians
of the Elizabethan era. His Madrigali a 4
voci were published in Venice in 1542, and
his Madrigali a 5 voci in 1587. Many of
his madrigals were printed in the two
books of Musica Transalpiua (1588, 15!)") ;
and several are extant in MS. Fotis ;
Grove ; Mendel ; Schilling.

Greenwich, England, about 1580, died in
1652. Sou of the preceding ; one of the
grooms of the privy chamber of James I.
and instructor in music of Prince Henry.
Works : Volume of " Ayres," which contains
many of the songs in Ben Jousou's plays

(London, 1609); Lessons for 1, 2, and 3
viols (London, 1609) ; Fancies for viols,
etc. A song by him, " Shall I seek to ease
my grief ?," from the " Ayres," is published
by Dr. Rimbault (Novello). Fetis ; Grove.
* FERRABOSCO (Ferraboschi), DOMENI-
CO MARIA, born in Rome, first half of the
16th century. He was maestro of the chor-
isters in the Vatican Chapel from 1547 to
1548, when he became maestro di cappella
of S. Petrouio, Bologna. Called to Rome to
become a member of the Pontifical Choir, in
1550, he was obliged to resign in 1556, in
accordance with the Pope's decree that none
but priests could belong to the college, he
having meanwhile married. His motets are
published in Gardane's collection (Venice,
1554). His celebrated chanson, lo mi son
giovinetta, is in Viucenzo Galilei's Fronimo,
;md in Eler's collection in the Conservatoire,
Paris. His MSS. are preserved in the Vati-
can Library. Fetis ; Mendel ; Schilling.

FERRABOSCO, JOHN, English com-
poser of the 17th century, died in 1682.
Probably a son of Alfonso Ferrabosco the
younger. He was organist of Ely Cathedral
from 1662 until his decease, and was
awarded the degree of Mus. Bac. at Cam-
bridge in 1G71, per literas regias. A hymn
of his is still sung at Canterbury and in
other English cathedrals. Eight complete
services and eleven anthems by him are pre-
served in MS. in Ely Cathedral. Grove ;
Fetis ; Mendel.

born ill Naples in 1718, died in Prague in
1779. Church composer, studied in Naples,
lived in Prague about thirty years, and died
in great poverty and unknown. A Stabat Ma-
ter, performed there after his death, 1780,
was considered a masterpiece. In the court
library at Vienna is a Credo in four parts,
and in the royal library at Dresden are five
arias and four duets, of his composition.
Ft'-tis ; Gerber ; Mendel; Schilling.


NI DE, born in Bologna in 1802. Virtuoso

1 on the guitar ; pupil on the violin of Gerli


in Lucca, and became an accomplished
player when only sixteen, but soon aban-
doned that instrument for the guitar, on
which he became equally skilful. In 1820
he went to St. Petersburg as secretary to
Prince Narischkin, and perfected there his
guitar playing, and in 1824 went to Ham-
burg. He gave concerts there, and in Brus-
sels, Paris, and London from 1825 to 1832,
visited America with Sivori, and finally set-
tling in Brussels as professor of Italian at
the Conservatoire from 1846 to 1855 ; he
returned afterwards to Italy. He has pub-
lished fantaisies, airs varies, etc., for the gui-
tar. FiHis, iii. 240 ; Mendel, iii. 495.

gio, Italy, 1597, died at Modena, Oct. 22,
1681. Dramatic composer, called Delia
Tiorba, from his skill on the theorbo Di-
lute ; studied in Rome. He was a poet as
well as a musician, and his opera Andro-
meda, music by Manelli da Tivoli, repre-
sented at the Teatro S. Cassiano, Venice, in
1637, was the first performed in public in
that city. It was largely owing to him that
the dramma musicale took such deep root
in Italy and in Germany. In 1639 was pro-
duced his Armida, of which he wrote both
text and music. In 1644 he left Venice for
Vienna at the invitation of the Emperor
Ferdinand. In 1653-62 he was maestro di
cappella to Alfonso I., Duke of Modena,
and in 1674-81 to his successor, Alfonso H.
Works : Armida, given at Venice, Teatro
SS. Giovanni e Paolo. 1639 ; II pastor re-
gio, ib., S. Mose, 1640 ; La ninfa avara, ib.,
1641 ; Proserpina rapita, intermezzo, ib.,
1641 ; H principe giardiniero, ib., SS. Gio-
vanni e Paolo, 1644 ; Vittoria d' Himeneo,
ballet, Modena, 1648 ; Dafiie in alloro, do.,
Vienna, 1651 ; L' ingauno d' amore, Ratis-
bon, 1653 ; Amori d' Alessandro Magno e di
Rossane, Venice, 1656 ; Licasta, Parma, 1664 ;
Garadegli elementi, Ferrara, 1666 ; Musiche
varie a voce sola, collection of songs (Venice,
1638). Futis ; Mendel ; Riemann ; Schilling.

FERRARI, CARLO, bom at Piacenza in
1730, died at Parma in 1789. Virtuoso on

| the violoncello, acquired great reputation
in 1758, in Paris, where he appeared with
brilliant success in the Concerts Spirituels ;
in 1765 he entered the service of the court
of Parma. He composed solos for his in-
strument. Mendel.

FERRARI, CARLOTTA, born at Lodi,
Italy, Jan. 27, 1837, still living, 1889. Dra-
matic composer, pupil of Strepponi and
Panziui ; and at the Conservatorio, Milan,
in 1844-50, of Mazzucato in composition.
She is a poet as well as musician, and writes
her own librettos. Works : Ugo, opera,
represented in Milan, July 24, 1857 ; Sofia,
opera in three acts, Lodi, Milan, Turin,
1866 ; Eleonora d' Arborea, opera, Cagliari,
March, 1871 ; Grand mass for Cathedral of
Lodi, 1868 ; Requiem for anniversary of
death of Charles Albert, Turin Cathedral,
1868 ; Songs, etc. Fetis, Supplement, i.
325 ; Mendel, iii. 496 ; do., Ergiiuz., xii. 102 ;

FERRARI, DOMENICO, born at Piacenza
in the early part of the 18th century, died
in Paris in 1780. Violinist, pupil of Tartini ;
after living several years in Cremona, he
began to travel in 1749, and met with much
success in Vienna, where he was considered
the greatest living violinist. In 1754 he
visited Paris, and was afterwards a mem-
ber of the band of the Duke of Wiirtem-
berg in Stuttgart. He is said to have been
murdered on a second visit to Paris.
Works : 6 violin sonatas (London, Paris,
1758). His brother, Carlo Ferrari (1730-
1789), was a noted violoncellist at Parma.
Fetis ; Grove ; Burney, Hist., iii. 562,
573 ; Mendel.

born at Roveredo, Tyrol, in 1759, died in
London, December, 1842. Dramatic com-
poser, pupil at Verona of the Abbate Cubri,
Marcola, and Borsaro ; subsequently learned
the flute, violin, oboe, and double-bass at
Roveredo, theory under Pater Marianus
Stecher, at the Convent of Mariaberg, near
Chur, and later studied two years under La-
tilla at Naples. In 1791 he became accom-



panist at the Theiitre Feydeau, Paris. After
the breakiug out of the Revolution he went
to Brussels, and filially settled in London as
a singing teacher. Works Operas : Les
evenements irnprevus, Paris, about 1794 ;
La villanella rapita, London, 1797 ; I dui
Suizzeri, ib., 1798 ; L' eroiua di Raab, ib.,
1799. Ballets : Borea e Zeffiro ; La daina

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