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at law. He composed four new numbers
to replace those by Tadolini, and sold the
work to Troupenas for 60,000 francs. Ros-
sini's Stabat Mater has been censured as
being too operatic in style for church mu-
sic, but it is, nevertheless, one of the most
popular of short sacred compositions, ow-
ing to its melody and graceful fioriture.
It was first sung in the salon of Henri
Herz, in Paris, Oct. 31, 1841. Theodore
Labarre played the pianoforte accompani-
ment, and the solos were sung by Mme
Viardot-Garcia, Mme Labarre, Alexis Du-
pont, and Geraldy, under the direction of
M. Girard. It was first given ill Berlin and
London in 1842 ; in Rome in 1843 ; by
the Handel and Haydn Society, Boston,
Feb. 2G, 1843 ; first in New York in 1848,
and by the Oratorio Society of New York
in 1878. The duet " Quis est homo " was
sung by Patti and Alboni, at Rossini's
funeral in the Church of the Trinity, Paris,
Nov. 21, 18C8. The score was published
by Schott (Mainz, 1842) ; by Ricordi (Mil-
an, 1843) ; and by Novello (London). The
last setting of importance is by Autonin
Dvorak, for soli, chorus, and orchestra, first
performed by the London Musical Soci-
ety, March, 1883. It was written in 1875,
and its merit recognized by Brahms and
Joachim, the latter of whom secured its
performance in London. It was subse-
quently given at the Worcester and Here-
ford (Festivals). Grove, ii. G87 ; iii. 683,
699 ; Pohl, Haydn, ii. 65 ; Chrysander,
Handel, i. 130 ; Ambros, v. 61 ; Waldersee,
Mus. Vortriige, ii. 166 ; Edwards, Rossini,
332 ; Escudier, do., 253 ; Allgem. mus.
Zeitg., i. 204 ; xxxiii. 165 ; xxxiv. 469 ;
xxxvi. 5 ; xlii. 783 ; xliv. 281 ; Athenteum

(1883), i. 353 ; Upton, Standard Oratorios,
90, 253.

STABILE, ANNIBALE, born in the first
half of the 16th century, died in Rome,
probably in 1595. Church composer, pupil
of Palestrina, became maestro di cappella
at S. Giovanni in Laterano, in 1575, at the
church of the German college, and at S.
Apollinaris in 1576, and at Santa Maria
Maggiore in 1592. Works : Three books
of motets, for 5-8 voices (Venice, 1584,
1585, 1589) ; 3 books of madrigals, for 5
voices (ib., 1572, 1584, 1585) ; 2 books of
Sacrpe modulationes, for 5-8 voices (ib.,
1586) ; Litanies for 4 voices (ib., 1592) ;
other works in Gardano's Dolci affetti
(1568), and Trionfo di Dori (1596), in Pha-
lese's Lauro verde (Antwerp, 1591), Har-
monia celeste (ib., 1593), and Paradiso
musicale (ib., 1596). Fetis ; Mendel ; Rie-

STABINGHER (properly Stabinger),
MATTIA, born in Germany, about 1750,
died in Venice, about 1815. Virtuoso on
the flute, appeared in Paris, in 1775, went
to Milan in 1778, to Florence in 1784, and
afterwards settled in Venice. Works Bal-
lets: Calipso abbaudouata, Milan, 1779 ; La
sconfitta delle Amazzoni, Le avventure d'
Ircana, ib. ; La morte d' Arrigo, Bologna,
1784 ; L' astuzia di Bettiua, opera buffii,
Florence, 1784. 6 quatuors concertants for
flute and strings (Venice, 1792) ; Sextuors
concertants for do. and 2 horns (ib., 1792) ;
12 duos for flutes ; 6 sonatas for 2 flutes
and bass. Fetis ; Mendel.

at Ettischleben, near Arnstadt, Schwarz-
burg-Sondershausen, May 2, 1816, died at
Arnstadt, May 29, 1882. Organist, made
concert tours in Germany and won ap-
plause especially for his playing of Bach's
works; he became city cantor and organist
at Arnstadt, and deserves well for the re-
storation of the organ in St. Boniface's
there, on which Bach had played during
bis first office in 1703-7. Works : Sonata,
and other detached pieces for organ ; Der



wohlvorbereitete Organist, ein Pridudien-
Choral- und Postludieubucb, 2 parts (Son-
dershausen). Mendel ; Riemann.

born at Halle in 1817, still living, 1890.
Organist, pupil of Schneider at Dessau ;
was for a time Kapellmeister of Beeth-
inann's dramatic company, which played
alternately at Halle and Dessau, tben be-
came music director at the University of
Jena, and in I860 Court organist, and
Kapellmeister at Altenburg. Works : Fes-
tival cantatas ; Overture to Schiller's Braut
von Messina ; Symphonies ; Psalms ; Or-
gan and pianoforte music ; Songs. Men-
del ; Riemann.

STADEN, J OH ANN, born at Nurem-
berg, about
1.-.7!), died
there, buried
Nov. 15, 1634.
Organist, at
first in Bay-
reuth at the
court of the
margrave Chris-
tian, then lived
at Kulinbach until 1010, then at Bayreuth,
and in 1G1G returned to his native city,
where he became organist at St. Lorenz,
and in 1020 at St. Sebaldus. Works : Xcwc
teutsche Lieder, nach Art der Villauellen,
etc. (Nuremberg, 1GOC) ; Newe teutsche
geistliche Gesiiuge, etc. (ib., 1GOO) ; XY\\r
teutsche Lieder, sampt etlichen Galliardrn,
etc. (ib., 1G09) ; Venus-Kriintzlein newer
musikalischer Gesiing, etc. (Jena, 1G10) ;
Fragment eiues Festgesauges (Nuremberg,
1G15) ; Harmonise sacrse pro festis pm <!-
puis totius anui, etc. (ib., 1G1G) ; Newe
Pavanen, Galliarden, etc. (ib., 1G18) ; Mag-
nificat (with Valentin Dretzl) for new year's
day (ib., 10i>0) ; Harmoniarum sacrarum
continuatio (ib., 1621) ; Plausus Noricus
(ib., 1622) ; Drei christliche Bet-Gesiing,
etc. (ib., 1G22) ; Harmonicic meditatioues
animso (ib., 1G22) ; Haus-Mnsik goistliehcr
Gesiing, etc. (ib., 1623, 1624, 1628 (3),

1646) ; Kirchen-Musik geistlicher Gesiing
und Psalmeu, 2 parts (ib., 1625, 1G26) ;
Opusculum novuni von Pavanen, etc. (ib.,
1625) ; Prima vox harmonise novse sacra-
rum cantionum, etc. (ib., 1628) ; Musical-
ischer Freuden- und Andachtswecker (ib.,
1630) ; Hertzentrosts-Musica geistlicher
Meditationen (ib., 1630) ; Hertzens Andach-
ten geistlicher Gesiingleiu (ib., 1631) ;
Harmonife variatse sacrarum cantionum (ib.,

1632) ; Geistlicher Musikklang, etc. (ib.,

1633) ; Johauuis Staden operum musicorum
posthumorum (ib., 1643). Mouatshefte f.
Musik-Gesch., xv. 101, 107, 119.

(Theophilus), born at Nuremberg in 1607,
died there in 1655. Organist, son and pu-
pil of the preceding, whom he succeeded in
office at St. Sebaldus. He is the composer
of the oldest extant German musical drama.
Works : Das geistliche Waldgedicht oder
Freudeuspiel, geuauut Seelewig, Nuremberg,
1644 ; Seelen-Musik trostreicher Lieder
(Nuremberg, 1644) ; Der sieben Tugenden
Planeten-Tone oder Stimnieu, eiu Aufzug
(ib., 1645) ; Unterschiedlicher Poeten mu-
sikalische Frieclensgesiiuge (ib., 1651). He
also edited Hassler's Kirchengesiinge, Psal-
men und geistliche Lieder, auf die gemei-
nen Melodeyeu, vermehrt mit 18 Liedern
von Joh. Staden, S. G. Staden und zwei
Unbekaunteu (ib., 1637). Harsdorffer,
Frauenzimrnergespriichspiele (Nuremberg,
1644) ; Mouatshefte f. Musik-Gesch., xiii.
53 ; Reissinaun, Allgem. Gesch. d. Mus.,
ii. 159.

Melk, Nether Austria, Aug. 7, 1748, died
in Vienna, Nov. 8, 1833. Church com-
poser and writer on music, chorister in the
monastery of Lilienfeld, when ten years
old ; studied in the Jesuit College at Vi-
enna, where he was organist. In 17C6 ho
entered the Benedictine Abbey at Melk,
was ordained priest in 1772, and became
professor of theology in 1775 ; was ap-
pointed abbot of Lilienfeld in 1786, and of
Krenismiinster in 1789. He then lived at


Linz, 1791-96, then in Vienna, and after
officiating as parish priest at Alt-Lercheu-
feld iu 1803-10, and at Buhnrisch-Kraut
in 1810-16, returned to Vienna. Mozart
and Haydn were among his musical friends,
and, at the request of the former's widow,
he put that composer's musical bequest
iu order. Works : Music to Collin's tragedy
Polyxena, Vienna, 1811 ; Die Befreiung
von Jerusalem, ib., 1816, Ziirich, 1829 ;
Seladon, cantata (about 1766) ; Funeral
cantata, 1767 ; Das Gewitter, cantata ; Die
Friihliugsfeier, do., Vienna, 1816 ; Missa
solemnis, with full orchestra ; Requiem,
do. ; Psalm cxi., do. ; Gott, hymn with
do. ; Offertories, and graduals, with do. ;
Other masses, Requiems, Te Deinn, etc.,
with organ ; Sonatas and fugues, for piano-
forte and organ ; Concerto for violoncello ;
3 quartets for strings; 6 trios for do., etc.
He published : Vertheidiguug der Echtheit
des Mozart'schen Requiems (Vienna, 1826),
and Nachtrag to do. (ib., 1827). Fetis ;
Mendel ; N. Necrol. der D. (1833), 736 ;
Oesterr. Revue (Vienna, 1SG4), iv. 173, 185,
187,192; v. 154 ; Pietznigg, Mittheilungen
aus Wien (Vienna, 1833), 114, 150 ; Schill-
ing ; Wurzbach.

STADLMAYER (Stadlmair, Stadelmey-
er), JOHANN, born at Freisiug, Bavaria,
about 1560, died at Innspruck (?), after 1646.
Church composer, at first in the service of
Archduke Maximilian of Austria, at Gratz,
Styria, then Kapellmeister to Emperor Ru-
dolph H. iu Prague, and later to the Arch-
duchess Claudia, Grand Duchess of Tuscany,
at Inuspruck. Works : Missse octo vocum
(Prague, 1593) ; do. (Augsburg, 1596) ; do.,
with continue (ib., 1C10) ; Sacrum Beatis-
siinte Virginis Marine canticum (Munich,
1603) ; Super Magnificat symphonice varire
(Innsbruck, 1614) ; Musica super cautum
gregorianum seu inissse sex vocum, with
continue (Augsburg, 1612) ; Missse coucer-
tatffi, 10 et 12 vocum in 2 chori distributee
(ib., 1616) ; Hymni vespertini cum 5 voc.
et iustrumentis (ib., 1617) ; Apparatus mu-
sicus sacrarum cantionem, 6-24 voc. et

instrumentis (ib., 1619) ; Miserere mei
Deus, 4-8 voc. (ib., 1621) ; Odre sacra Jesu
Christo, etc., a quinque vocibus (Innspruck,
1638) ; Salmi a due e tre voci con due vio-
lini o cornetti (ib., 1640) ; Missa) breves a 4
cum una pro defuuctis et alia 5 voc. con-
certatfe (ib., 1641, 1660) ; Psalmi vespertiui
omnes cum Magnificat, etc.; Psalmi integri
a quatuor vocibus, etc. (ib., 1641) ; Psalmis
L. Davidis niodis musicis compositus, 4-8
vocibus, etc. (ib., 1646). Fetis ; Mendel;

FRANZ) ALEXANDER, born at Wies-
baden, April 27, 1826, died at Brussels,
Nov. 4, 1853. Pianist, son of a military
band-master ; played in concerts at the age
of nine. On receiving a stipend from the
King of Belgium he became a pupil at the
Brussels Conservatoire, won first prizes
for pianoforte and harmony, and studied
counterpoint under Fetis, winning iu 1849
the grand prix for composition. He then
went to Paris, and was preparing to bring
out a grand opera, when ill health com-
pelled his return to Brussels. Works
Operas : Abu Hassan, about 1850 ; Hamlet,
given at Darmstadt, 1857, and at Weimar,
1882 ; L'illusiou ; La Pedrina, not given ;
Le dernier jour de Marino Faliero, lyric
scene ; La vendetta, cantata ; Le songe du
jeune Scipion, do. ; La decouverte de
1'Ainurique, overture ; Concert overture ; 4
symphonies ; 2 concertinos for pianoforte
and orchestra ; Hymn for chorus and or-
chestra ; Mass with orchestra ; Te Deuni,
do. ; Other church music, with organ ;
Quartet for strings ; Trio for pianoforte,
oboe, and bassoon ; Choruses for male
voices. Fotis ; Mendel.

STAFFA, n barone GIUSEPPE, born at
Naples in December, 1807, died there, May
18, 1877. Amateur dramatic composer,
pupil of Franceso Ruggi and of Giacomo
Tritto. Member of the Naples Academy,
president of its musical section. Works
Operas : Priamo alia tenda di Achille,
Naples, 1828 ; Franceses da Rimini, ib.,



1831 ; Un raatrimonio per ragione, ib.,
1835 ; La battaglia di Navarrino, ib., 1837 ;
La zingara, ib., 1845 ; II merciajuolo aru-
bulante, ib.,1846 ; Alceste, ib., 1851. Mass
for chorus and orchestra. Treatise ou har-
mony ; do. on composition. Fetis, Supple-
ment, ii. 539.

saw, June 18, 1813, died iu Berlin, June 24,
1887. Violinist, pupil of Luge at Breslau,
and of Miiblenbruck and Saint-Lubiu in
Berlin, made extensive concert tours with
his brother Julius, and in 1844 established
trio evenings with him and the pianist
Steifensand, whose place was taken later
by Loschliorn. Works : Casimir, Kunig
von Polen, opera ; 2 masses ; 2 psalms ;
Liturgical songs for the Berlin cathedral
choir ; 7 symphonies ; 36 entr'actes ; Quin-
tets ; 25 quartets ; 5 trios ; Fugues ; Songs.
His brother Julius (born at Posen, March
17, 1817), is a violoncellist, pupil of Drews
and Wranitzky in Berlin, where he is royal
Conzertmeister and solo violoncellist. He
has composed several concert pieces for his
instrument. Mendel.

STAINER, Sir JOHN, born in London,
June 0, 1840, still
living, 1890. Organ-
ist and composer ;
was a chorister boy
in St. Paul's Cathe-
dral in 1847-56, and
while there stud-
ied harmony under
William Bay ley and
counterpoint under
Charles Steggall;
later was a pupil at
St. Sepulchre's of George Cooper in organ
playing. In 1854 he became organist and
choir-master of St. Benedict and St. Peter,
Paul's Wharf, and in 1856 organist at St.
Michael's College, Tenbury ; in 1859 he
matriculated at Christ Church, Oxford, and
in 1860 went to Magdalen College, Oxford,
where he succeeded Blyth as organist, and

as organist to the university. In 1872 he
succeeded Sir John Goss as organist of St.
Paul's Cathedral, London, which position
he resigned in 1888 on account of failing
eyesight ; and in 1889 he was elected pro-
fessor of music at Oxford. He is also a
member of the Royal Academy of Music, a
fellow of the Tonic Sol-fa Association, an
examiner for degrees for several universi-
ties, an ex-principal of the National Train-
ing School, organist of the Albert Hall, and
since 1882 has been government inspector
of music in elementary schools in succession
to Dr. Hullah. B.A., Oxford, 1863 ; Mus.
Doc., ib., 1865 ; M.A., ib., 1866 ; Legion of
Honour, 1880 ; Hon. Mus. Doc., Durham,
1885; Knighted, 1888. Works: Gideon,
oratorio ; The Crucifixion, do., 1887 ; The
Daughter of Jairus, cantata, Worcester Fes-
tival, 1878 ; Saint Mary Magdalen, cantata,
Gloucester Festival, 1883 ; Church Services
in E-flat, A, and D ; Communion Service ;
Magnificat and Nuuc dimittis, in A ; An-
thems, and other church music ; Organ mu-
sic. He is author also of popular manuals
on Harmony, Composition, The Organ, and
other didactic works. Grove ; Brown ; Fo-
tis, Supplement, ii. 540 ; Mendel ; Riemann.

NEELLE DE, born in Hungary, July 3,
1819, died at Angleur-lez-Liege, Belgium,
Nov. 22, 1867. Amateur violoncellist, ap-
peared with success in concerts in Ger-
many and France, and in 1857 gave cham-
ber music soiroes in Paris with Sivori,
C.'isiinir Ney, Van Gelder, and Ernst Lii-
beck, in which he introduced, of his own
compositions, two quartets for strings, a
trio for pianoforte and strings, and a sonata
for violoncello and pianoforte. Fetis, Sup-
plement, ii. 540.

Rome, March 23, 1811, died iu Paris, April
19, 1870. Pianist, pupil of Fessy find
Kalkbrenner in Paris, where he made his
di'but in public in 1835, and devoted him-

shortly afterward succeeded Stephen Elvey | self to teaching his instrument ; in 1836 he


went to Leipsic, intending to remain some
time, allied himself with Mendelssohn and
Schumann, studying composition under the
former ; but homesickness and the entreaties
of his pupils induced him to return to Paris
in January, 1837. He was the master of
Gottschalk and of Saiut-Sauns. Works :
Concerto for pianoforte and orchestra ;
Trio for pianoforte, violin, and violoncello ;
Etudes concertautes, 2 books ; 2 sonatas,
fautaisies, variations, etudes, etc., for piano-
forte. Fetis ; Mendel.

STAMITZ, ANTON, born at Mannheim
in 1753, died probably in Paris, date not
known (1820 ?). Violinist, sou of the fol-
lowing, accompanied his elder brother,
Karl, to Paris in 1770, and seems to have
remained there. Works : Twelve quartets
for strings ; 6 trios for do. ; Violin con-
certo ; G duos for violin and violoncello ; 6
trios for flute and strings ; Nocturnes, or
airs varies for violin and violoncello ; C
duets for violin and flute ; 3 concertos for
harpsichord ; Concertos for violoncello and
other instruments. Fetis ; Riemann ; Ger-
ber ; Schilling.

Deutsch-Brod, Bohemia, in 1719, died at
Mannheim in 1761. Violinist, entirely self-
taught ; in 1745 he was appointed Conzert-
rneister and director of chamber music at
the court of the Elector at Mannheim.
Coming before Haydn in time, his com-
positions were noteworthy in their day, and
he was the founder of the so-called Mann-
heim school, whose traditions were after-
wards transplanted to Munich. Works :
Six sonatas for harpsichord and violin ; 12
sonatas for violin and bass ; 12 symphonies ;
G violin concertos ; 6 trios for two violins
and bass ; Exercises imitating violin duets.
In MS. : 21 violin concertos,' 11 symphonies,
9 violin solos, 2 concertos and many sona-
tas for the harpsichord. Dlabacz ; Wurz-
bach ; Mendel ; Gerber ; Schilling ; Fetis.

STAMITZ, KARL, born in Mannheim,
May 7, 1746, died in Jena in 1801. Violin-
ist, son and pupil of the preceding, studied

later under Cannabich. He entered the
Mannheim orchestra in 1767 ; went to
Paris in 1770, and was in the service of
the Due de Noailles until 1785. He then
gave concerts in Germany and Austria,
lived some time at Nuremberg, was in the
service of Prince Hoheulohe in 1787, direct-
ed the amateur concerts at Cassel in 1789-
90, was settled in St. Petersburg several
years, and became director of the academic
concerts at Jena in 1800. Jean Paul Rich-
ter has immortalized him and his viola d'a-
more in "Hesperus." Works: Der ver-
liebte Vormund, comic opera, Frankfort ;
Dardanus, grand opera, St. Petersburg ; 10
symphonies ; 4 symphonies for two violins ;
Concerto for pianoforte ; 7 concertos for
violin ; Duos, trios, and quartets for strings,
etc. Mendel ; Riemann ; Fetis ; Gerber ;

born in Dublin, Ire-
land, Sept. 30, 1852,
still living, 1890. Dra-
matic composer, son
of John Stanford, ex-
aminer in the court
of chancery, Dublin,
who was an enthusias-
tic amateur ; pupil in
composition of Arthur
O'Leary and Sir Rob-
ert Stewart. He ma-
triculated at Queen's College, Cambridge,
as choral scholar, and in 1873 succeeded
Dr. J. L. Hopkins as organist of Trinity
College ; was graduated in 1874 with clas-
sical honours and became conductor of the
University Musical Society. In 1874-76
he studied at Leipsic under Reinecke, and
in Berlin under Kiel. He received the de-
gree of M.A. from Cambridge in 1877, and
was elected professor of composition and
orchestral playing at the Royal College of
Music, London ; Hon. Mus. Doc., Oxford,

1883 ; Director of the Philharmonic Society,

1884 ; Conductor of the Bach Choir, 1885.
Works Operas : The Veiled Prophet of



Khorassan, text by Squier from " Lalla
Eookb," German version by Kapellmeister
Frauk, Hanover, Feb. G, 1881 ; The Can-
terbury Pilgrims, cantata in three acts,
Drury Lane, London, April 28, 1884; Sa-
vonarola, opera in three acts and a pro-
logue, Hamburg, April 18, 1884. The
Three Holy Children, oratorio, Birmingham
Festival, 1885 ; The Resurrection, cantata,
poem by Klopstock, for tenor solo, chorus,
and orchestra, Cambridge, 1875 ; Psalm
xlvi. for soli, chorus, and orchestra, Cam-
bridge, 1877 ; Overture, Songs, and Entr'-
actes to Tennyson's drama "Queen Mary,"
Manchester, 1880 ; Eliyiao Ode, Nor-
wich Festival, 1884 ; Choruses and in-
cidental music to the Eumeniilcx of J3s-
chylus, Cambridge, 1885 ; The 7^ r, ,, /,
(Tennyson), ballad for chorus and orchestra,
Leeds Festival, 188G ; Symphony for or-
chestra, No. 1, in B-flat, 1879 ; Do., No. 2,
Irish, in F minor, 1887 ; Do., No. 3, in F,
1889 ; Eler/iii<- Symphony for orchestra, in
D minor, Cambridge, 1882, Gloucester Fes-
tival, 1883 ; Festival overture for orchestra,
Gloucester Festival, 1877 ; Serenade for
orchestra, in five movements, Birmingham
Festival, 1SX2 ; Queen of the Seas, concert
overture, for the tercentenary of the de-
feat of the Armada, Dec. 12, 1888; Sonata
for pianoforte and violoncello, op. 9 ; Do.
for pianoforte and violin, op. 11 ; 3 Inter-
mezzi for pianoforte and violin, clarinet, or
violoncello, op. 13 ; Quartet for pianoforte
and strings, in F, 1879 ; Quintet for piano-
forte and strings ; Concerto for violoncello
and orchestra ; Suite in D, for violin and
orchestra, 1889 ; Courante, Sarabande, and
Gavotte for pianoforte, op. 2 ; Toccata for
pianoforte, op. 3 ; Pianoforte sonata, in
D-flat, 1884 ; Morning, Communion, and
Evening Service, in B-flat, op. 10 ; Festival
Evening Service in A, for chorus, orchestra,
and organ, 1880 ; Awake, my heart, choral
hymn, Klopstock, op. 16 ; Songs from
George Eliot's "Spanish Gypsy," op. 1 ; 6
Songs of Heine, No. 1., op. 4 ; Do., No. 2,
op. 7 ; 6 Songs, op. 14 ; Fifty Irish Melo-

dies, arranged and edited, 1883 ; Carmen
srcculare (Tennyson), for soprano solo and
chorus, for the Queen's Jubilee, 1887, and
other works. Grove ; Riemann.

STANKOVIC, CORNEL, born at Buda,
Hungary, Aug. 21, 1831, died there (or iu
Vienna), April 17, 18G5. Vocal composer,
pupil in Vienna, of Willruers on the piano-
forte, and of Sechter in composition ; col-
lected the original melodies of Servian folk
songs, sacred and profane, and nlso the
ancient Sloveuic orthodox ritual songs, iu
three books. Works : Srbske pjesme, 54
national songs, with pianoforte ; Srbske
narodne pjesme, 30 folk songs for chorus,
with pianoforte ; Bugarski Kadril (Bul-
garian quadrille) ; Bulgaren-Polka ; Serben-
Quadrillo ; Masses, National dances, etc.
Slovnik uaufiny (Prague, 1872), viii. 967 ;

at Manvillc, Rhode Island, May 25, 1851,
; still living, 1890. Organist, pupil at the
Leipsic Conservatorium, in 1871-75, of
Weuzel, Papperitz, Paul, and Ernst Fried-
rich Richter. On his return to America he
gave organ recitals in various cities, and
settled in Providence, where he is organist
of Grace Church. In 188G lie was presi-
dent of the Music Teachers National As-
sociation. Works : City of Freedom, ode
for soli, chorus, and organ, op. 9 ; Psalm
of Victory, soli, chorus, and organ ; Suite
for violin and pianoforte ; Songs and part-
songs ; Organ music.

STANLEY, JOHN, born in London, Jan.
17, 1713, died there,
May 19, 1786. Organ-
ist, blind from infancy-,
pupil of Reading and
Greene, became organ-
ist of All Hallows in
1724, of St. Andrews,
Holborn, in 172G, of
Temple Church in 1734,
and of the Chapel Roy-
al in 1782. Mua. Bac., Oxford, 1729. He
was esteemed by Handel, some of whose



musical bequests he inherited, and after the
death, in 1774, of Johu Christopher Smith,
he associated himself with Thomas Linley
in continuing the oratorio performances.
Works Oratorios : Jephthah, 1757 ; Zirnri,
17GO ; Arcadia, or the Shepherd's Wedding,
17C1 ; The Fall of Egypt, 1774. 12 canta-
tas for voice, harpsichord, and violin ; 3 do.
and 3 songs for voice and instruments ; G
concertos for 7 instruments ; G do. for G in-
struments ; 8 sonatas for flute and coutinuo ;
8 soli for flute. Grove ; Riemanu.


at Waldenburg, Silesia, Aug. 29, 1742, died
there, May 20, 1807. Organist and cantor
at Waldenburg. Works Oratorios : Die
Gedaukeii und Emptiudungen beirn Kreuze
Jesu auf Golgotha ; Die Pharisaer ; Die
Passion. Collection de 1GO fugues et pre-
ludes pour 1'orgue (Mainz, 1792). Fiitis ;

England, May 22, 1854, still living, 1890.
Organist and choir-master of Holy Trinity
Church, London, 1875. One of the founders
of Trinity College, London ; Mus. Bac., Ox-
ford, 1875. Works : Festival setting of
Magnificat and Ntmc dimittis ; Evening
Service with orchestra ; Anthems ; Organ
music ; Songs.

STARK, LUDWIG, born in Munich,
June 19, 1831, died in Stuttgart, March
22, 1884. He studied philosophy at the
university of his native city, and composi-
tion under Ignaz and Franz Lachner.
After a short residence in Paris in 185G, he
founded the Conservatorium at Stuttgart,
with Lebert, Laiblin, Brachmann, Faisst,
and others, and for many years was one of
its most prominent teachers. He also
founded and long directed the Gesangve-
rein. He visited Weimar in 1861 and Italy
in 1873 ; received the title of royal professor
in 1868, and a doctor's degree in 1873.
Works : Songs and choruses ; Pianoforte
and instrumental music ; Grosse Klavier-
schule (with Lebert) ; Other instructive

works and various collections of classical
compositions. Riemaun ; Mendel.

STARKE, FRIEDRICH, born at Elster-
werda, Prussian Saxony, in 1774, died at

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