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THE BISHOPS OF SCOTLAND



^



PUBLISHED BY

JAMES MACLEHOSfe AND SONS, GLASGOW,
JPnblishtts to the antbersitB.

MACMILLAN AND CO., LTD., LONDON.
New York, ' • The Macniillan Company.
London, - - - Siinpkin, Hamilton and Co.
Cambridge, • • Bowes and Bowes.
Edinburgh, • • Douglas and Foulis.
Sydney, - - • Angus and Robertson



THE

BISHOPS OF SCOTLAND

BEING NOTES ON THE LIVES OF ALL THE

BISHOPS, UNDER EACH OF THE SEES,

PRIOR TO THE REFORMATION



BY THE LATE RIGHT REV.

JOHN DOWDEN, D.D., LL.D.

BISHOP OF EDINBURGH



EDITED BY

J. MAITLAND THOMSON, LL.D.



GLASGOW
JAMES MACLEHOSE AND SONS

PUBLISHERS TO THE UNIVERSITY
I9I2






4



PREFATORY NOTE

This work, the result of many years of research, was
left by the revered author practically complete. To
me, who have sometimes been privileged to assist
in the spade-work, and sometimes to communicate
fresh matter from records in Edinburgh and Rome,
has been assigned the honourable duty of seeing the
book through the press. The sections relating to the
sees of St. Andrews, Dunkeld, Glasgow, and Aber-
deen have appeared in the Journal of Theological Studies
for 1 903-4, the Scottish Historical Review for 1 904 and
for 1907-8, and the Scottish Chronicle for 1908-9
respectively. These reappear in their places with the
author's additions and corrections ; the rest of the
book is now first printed.

The preface is made up from the author's prefaces
to the already printed sees, with slight changes to bring
it up to date.

It will be seen that Bishop Dowden's object was not
to supersede Keith but rather to supplement him.
Keith's work is often referred to for particulars not
here repeated. And while the older writer brought
his catalogue down to the Revolution, his successor
stops at the Reformation. For some of the sees
indeed a MS. continuation to 1688 exists, but for
other sees there are only a few notes. But the history
of the sees of Aberdeen and of Moray was continued to

240838



vi PREFATORY NOTE

the present day ; and these continuations, based largely
upon materials neither published nor publici juris, are
added by way of appendix.

It will be observed that in the body of the work the
successive occupants of the sees are not numbered. In
the author's MS. there is a numeration for most of the
sees, but not for all ; and the defect could not be
supplied in some cases (notably the Isles) without
deciding doubtful points on which the present editor's
opinion is valueless. And in the case of St. Andrews,
to begin the numeration as the author begins the
history, with Turgot, would be misleading. The only
way to obtain uniformity, therefore, was to suppress the
numbers throughout. But in the appendix the author's
numbering is retained.

A word as to the editor's part in the work. For the
arrangement of the sees the MS. afforded no guidance.
The best course seemed to be to retain Keith's order,
with one change. Keith, carrying his lists down to
1688, naturally followed the seventeenth century divi-
sion between the provinces of St. Andrews and Glasgow,
assigning to the latter the sees of Galloway, Argyll, and
the Isles. It is well known that the restoration of
Dunkeld and Dunblane to the province of St. Andrews
left Glasgow with two suffragans only, Galloway and
Argyll ; and St. Andrews was still metropolitan of the
Isles as late as 1530 (see p. 292, note). The first
record of that see as in the province of Glasgow is in
16 17. The presumption evidently is that the change
was made after the period at which the lists in this
book terminate. If there is evidence to the opposite
effect, I hope that it will be made known.

Beyond this the editor's duty has been to verify all
references, to supply such additional information as



PREFATORY NOTE vii

he had available, and to offer such explanations of
difficulties as he could. His contributions under the
two latter heads, whether in text or in footnotes, are
enclosed in square brackets. In one case only (p. 259,
note), he has dared to differ from the author. The
source of the additional matter is always cited ; some
of it comes from private repositories, to whose owners
grateful acknowledgements are due. Special mention
must be made of the recently discovered charters of
Coupar Abbey in possession of the Earl of Moray.
The St. Andrews section is reprinted by permission of
the Clarendon Press. The editor is also responsible
for the index.

In such matters there is no finality ; but ' the
following lists are much superior to any which have
preceded them.' So wrote the author, and I do not
think any competent critic will differ from him.

Edinburgh,
February, 191 2.



AUTHOR'S PREFACE

In the year 1755 Bishop Robert Keith published in
quarto his important work, A Large New Catalogue of
the Bishops of the several Sees within the Kingdom of Scot-
land down to the year 1688. Instructed by proper and
authentic vouchers^ etc. When we call to mind that
none of the Chartularies or Registers of Religious
Houses, or of Cathedrals, and none of the Public
Records (with the exception of certain of the Acts of
the Scottish Parliaments) were in print, it is quite
wonderful to observe how diligent Keith had been in
researches among the manuscript sources of infor-
mation. In the year 1824, the Rev. Michael Russel,
LL.D. (afterwards Bishop of Glasgow), published in
octavo a new edition of Keith. In this he corrected
some errors of Keith, and imported some new errors of
his own.

The printing in later years of the Registers of the
Cathedrals of Moray, Glasgow, and Brechin by the
Bannatyne Club, and of Aberdeen by the Spalding
Club, together with the issue by the Bannatyne Club
of the Chartularies of Holyrood, Melrose, the Priory of
St. Andrews, Dunfermline, Scone, Kelso, Dryburgh,
the Nunnery of North Berwick, Inchaffray, Arbroath,
and Newbattle, together with the Register of Paisley
(Maitland Club), the Chartularies of Balmerino and
Lindores (Abbotsford Club), Eraser's Register of



X AUTHOR'S PREFACE

Cambuskenneth, the Chartulary of Lindores and the
Charters of Inchaffray (both issued by the Scottish
History Society), the Chartulary of St. Nicholas',
Aberdeen (New Spalding Club), and other less im-
portant works, opened up a new field for study.

The publication at Rome in 1864, in folio, of
Augustine Theiner's Vetera Monumenta was an epoch-
making event in the study of Scottish ecclesiastical
history. This great work has since been supplemented
by the series of precious volumes (begun in 1893 and
still in course of publication) issued under the direction
of the Master of the Rolls, entitled Calendar of Entries
in the Papal Registers relating to Great Britain and
Ireland. The volumes are edited by the late Mr. BHss
and by Mr. J. A. Twemlow, and commence with the
year 1198. Many difficulties have been cleared, and
in many respects precision secured by the records here
made public. As yet the volumes come down only
to 1447.

Dr. W. Maziere Brady's Episcopal Succession (Rome,
vol. i. 1876) prints, unfortunately sometimes from late
transcripts, Consistorial Acts of the appointment of
Scottish Bishops, records of payments made by them
at Rome, or of their obligavit on being appointed to
their sees. These, however, do not help for dates
earlier than the fifteenth century. Lastly, Hierarchia
Catholica medii aevi, by Conrad Eubel (4to, Monasterii;
torn. i. 1898; tom. ii. 1901 ; torn. iii. 1910)) gives the
dates of confirmation or provision of many of the
Scottish bishops down to the Reformation, as found
recorded in the Vatican archives.

The Great Seal Register is now available in print, not
only for the medieval period (from a.d. 1306), but
well on into the seventeenth century. The Register of



AUTHOR'S PREFACE xi

the Privy Seal is printed down to 1529 ; the rest is still
in manuscript, preserved in H.M. General Register
House, Edinburgh. It has been frequently consulted
for the following pages.

My main object has been to determine, as far as is
possible, the dates of the election (or papal provision),
consecration, and death or resignation of the several
bishops. Hence record or charter evidence relating to
intermediate periods is not given in full except when
unknown to Keith, or when anything of special interest
seems to deserve observation.

When the information is forthcoming I have also
recorded, as matters of ecclesiastical interest, the mode
of the election, the confirmation by the Pope or his
refusal to confirm, the names of the consecrators, and
a few other particulars, chiefly from Theiner and the
Calendar of Papal Registers.

In researches covering so great a field it can hardly
be expected that no errors will have crept in. But it
is confidently alleged that the following lists are much
superior to any which have preceded them.

In citing evidence the Registers of the Scottish
monasteries, as printed by the Bannatyne Club or
by others, are referred to by the names in vernacular
form : thus, Kelso stands for Liber de Calchou^ Scone
for Liber de Scon^ etc. The same course is followed in
citing some other printed collections of charters : thus,
Wemyss stands for Sir W, Fraser's Memorials of the
family of Wemyss of JVemyss.

The following are the other principal abbreviations
employed :

A.P. — Acts of the Parliaments of Scotland. 12 vols. (Record
Commissioners.)



xii AUTHOR'S PREFACE

Act. Audit. — Acts of the Lords Auditors of Causes and Complaints.

(Record Commissioners.)
Act. Dom. Con. — Acts of the Lords of Council, 14.78-1495. (Record

Commissioners.) After 1495 the citations are from the MS. in

the Register House.
Act. Dom. Con. et Sess. — Acts of the Lords of Council and Session,

1 532-1 559. MS. in Register House.
Ant. Aberd. — Illustrations of the topography and antiquities of the

Shires of Aberdeen and Banff. 4 vols. (Spalding Club.)
Auct. Chart. Univ. Paris. — Auctarium Chariularii Universitatis Pari-

siensis, ed. Denifle and Chatelain. 2 vols.
B. — The Episcopal Succession in England, Scotland, and Ireland, by

W. Maziere Brady. 3 vols.
B.C. — Calendar of Documents relating to Scotland, 1 108-1509, ed.

Bain. 4 vols.
B.U.K. — Bookeof the Universall Kirk of Scotland. 3 parts. (Banna-

tyne and Maitland Clubs.)
C.P.R. — Calendar of entries in the Papal Registers relating to Great

Britain and Ireland. Papal Letters. 8 vols, published. (Rolls

series.)
C.P.R. Pet. — Calendar as above. Petitions to the Pope. I vol.

published. (Rolls series.)
C.S.C. — Chronicon coenobii Sancte Cruets Edinburgensts. (Bannatyne

Club.)
Cambusk. — Re^sirum tnonasterii S. Marie de Cambuskenneth, (Grampian

Club.)
Chr. Mn. — Chronicle of Man, ed. Munch. 2 vols. (Manx Society.)
Chron. Anglo-Scot. — Monachi anonymi Scoti Chronicon Anglo-

Scoticum, ed. Bouterwek. (An amplification of C.S.C. supra.)
Coll. Hist. Aberdeen. — Collections for a History of the Shires of

Aberdeen and Banff. (Spalding Club.)
Contin. Florent. Wigorn. — Continuatio Florentii Wigorniensis, ed.

Thorpe. (English Historical Society.)
D.N.B. — Dictionary of National Biography.
Dioc. Reg. Glasg. — Liber Protocollorum M. Cuthberti Simonis, and

Rental Book of the Diocese of Glasgow. 2 vols. (Grampian

Club.)
Dipl. Norveg. — Diplomatarium Norvegicum, 1847-82. 11 vols, in 16.
Dunf. — Registrum de Dunfermelyn. (Bannatyne Club.)



AUTHOR'S PREFACE xiii

E. — Hierarckia Catholica medii Aevi, 1 198-1600. 3 vols. (vols, i and

2, ed. Eubel ; vol. 3, ed. Van Gulik and Eubel).
E.A.V. — Hec torts Boeiii Episcoporum Aberdonensium Vitae. (New

Spalding Club.)
E.R. — Exchequer Rolls of Scotland. 23 vols. (Rolls series.)
Ep. Reg. Scot. — Epistolae Regum Scotorum, ed. Ruddiman. 2 vols.
Extr. — Extracta e variis Cronicis Scocie. (Abbotsford Club.)
Foed. (also cited as Rymer). — Rymer's Foedera (up to 1383 the

references are to the Record Commissioners' edition, thereafter

to the original edition).
H. and H. — The Archbishops of St. Andrews, by Herkless and

Hannay. 3 vols, published,
H. and S. — Councils and Ecclesiastical Documents relating to Great

Britain and Ireland, ed. Haddan and Stubbs. 2 vols, in 4.
Hak. Hak. Saga. — Saga Hakonar Hakonarsonar (Fornmanna SSgur,

vol. 10).
Hist. Ebor. — Apparently the Metrical Chronicle of the Church of

York, printed in Historians of the Church of York, vol. ii.

p. 446-63. (Rolls series.)
Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. — Reports of the Historical Manuscripts Com-
missioners.
K. — An Historical Catalogue of the Scottish Bishops, by Bishop

Keith (second edition, ed. Russel).
Lib. Insul. Miss. — Liber Insule Missarum. (Bannatyne Club.)
Lib. Vitae Eccl. Dunelm. — Liber Vitae Ecclesiae Dunelmensis. (Surtees

Society.)
M. — Chronica de Mailros. (Bannatyne Club.)
M.B.C.B. — Minute Book of the College of Bishops. MS. in custody

of the Lay Clerk of the Scottish Episcopal Church.
Min. Brev. — Minutae Brevium. MS. in Vatican Archives.
Monast. Angl. — Dugdale's Monasiicon Anglicanum. New edition, 8 vols.
Munim. Univ. Glasg. — Munimenta Alme Universitatis Glasguensis.

4 vols. (Maitland Club.)
N.S.C.— New Spalding Club.
Orig. Paroch. — Origines Parochiales Scotiae. 2 vols, in 3. (Bannatyne

Club.)
Ork. Saga. — Orkneyinga Saga, ed. J. Anderson.

P.C.R. — Register of the Privy Council of Scotland. 25 vols, pub-
lished. (Rolls series.)



xiv AUTHOR'S PREFACE

R.A. — Registrum Episcopatus Aberdonensis. 2 vols. (Maitland and

Spalding Clubs.)
R.B. — Registrum Episcopatus Brechinensis. 2 vols. (Bannatyne Club.)
R.G. — Registrum Episcopatus Glasguensis. 2 vols. (Bannatyne and

Maitland Clubs.)
R.M. — Registrum Episcopatus Moraviensis. (Bannatyne Club.)
R.M.S. — Registrum Magni Sigilli Regum Scotorum, i 306-1659. Vol.

I. (Record Commissioners.) Vols. 2 to 10. (Rolls series.)

After 1659 the citations are from the MS. in Register

House.
R.P.S.A. — Liber cartarum Prioraius Sancti Andree in Scotia. (Bannatyne

Club.)
R.S.S. — Registrum Secreti Sigilli Regum Scotorum. i vol. published.

(Rolls series.) After 1529 the citations are from the MS. in

Register House.
Reg. Alb. Ebor. — Registrum Album Eboracense. MS. in possession of

the Dean and Chapter of York.
Reg. Av. — Regesta Avinionensia. MS. in Vatican Archives.
Reg. Cart. Eccl. S. Egidii. — Registrum cartarum ecclesie Sancti Egidii

de Edinburgh. (Bannatyne Club.)
Reg. Coll. Bps. — Register of the College of Bishops (same as M.B.C.B.

supra, which is the more correct designation).
Reg. Ebor. — Probably the same as Reg. Alb. Ebor., above.
Reg. Lat. — Regesta Laterana. MS. in Vatican Archives.
Reg. Sac. Angl. — Re^strum Sacrum Anglicanum,hyW . Stubbs. 2nded.

1897.
Reg. Vat. — Regesta Vaticana. MS. in Vatican Archives.
Rot. Scot. — Rotuli Scotiae. 2 vols. (Record Commissioners.)
S.C. — Spalding Club.
S.E.S., Stat. Ec. Scot. — Statuta Ecclesiae Scoticanae. 2 vols. (Bannatyne

Club.)
S.H.R. — Scottish Historical Review.
S.H.S. — Scottish History Society.

Sc. — Joannis de Fordun Scotichronicon, ed. Goodall. 1775. 2 vols.
Script. Rer. Dan. — Scriptores Rerum Danicarum. 1772-1878. 9 vols.
T. — Vetera Monumenta Hibernorum et Scotorum Historiam illustrantia,

ed. Theiner. 1864.
Tr. A. — Accounts of the Lord High Treasurer of Scotland. 9 vols.

published. (Rolls series.)



AUTHOR'S PREFACE xv

Vat. Arm. [xii.]. — Document preserved in the Vatican Archives,

Press (Armadio) [xii.].
W. — Wyntoun's Orygynale Cronykil of Scotland. 3 vols. Ed.

D. Laing (Historians of Scotland series).

The names of bishops-elect who were not consecrated,
or whose consecration is doubtful, are printed in italic
capitals.



TABLE OF CONTENTS

The bishops whose names are printed in italics are not known to have been
consecrated. Those whose names are indented were never in possession of the see.

BISHOPS OF ST. ANDREWS

PAGE

Turgot, el. 1107, cons. 1109 - _ - _ i

Eadmer, el. 11 20- - - - - - 3

Robert, el. 1 1 24, cons. 1 1 26-7 . . . . 4

Ernald, el. and cons. 1 1 60 - - - - 7

Richard, el. 11 63, cons. 1165 - - - - 7

John the Scot, el. 11 78, cons. 11 80 - - - 8

Hugh, el. and cons. 1178 - - - - - 9

Roger de Beaumont, el. 11 89, cons. 1198 - - - 10

William Malvoisine, trans. 1202 - - - - 12

Geoffrey, postulated 1238 - - - - 13

David de Bernham, el. 1239, cons. 1240 - - - 14

Robert de StuUvU/e, e\. 12^^ - - - - 15

Abel (de Golynn), prov. and cons. 1254 - - - 15

Gameline, el. and cons. 1255 - - - - 17

William Wischard, postulated 1 271, cons. 1273 - - 18

William Fraser, el. 1279, cons. 1280 - - - 19

William de Lamberton, el. 1297, cons. 1298 - - 21

James Ben, el., prov. and cons. 1328 - - - 23

William de Landallis, prov. and cons. 1342 - - - 25

Stephen de Pa, d. 1385 - - - - 27

Walter Trail, prov. (and cons. ?) 1385 - - - 27

Alexander de Neville, trans. 1388 - - - 45

Thomas de Arundel, trans. 1398 - - - 45

Thomas Stewart, el. 1401 - - - - 28

fValter de Danie/ston, postuhted 1402 - - - 29

Gilbert Greenlaw, postulated 1402-3 - - - 3°



xviii TABLE OF CONTENTS

PAGE

Henry Wardlaw, prov. and cons. 1403 - - - 30

John Trevor, trans. 1408 - - - - 45

James Kennedy, trans. 1440 - - - - 31

Patrick Graham, trans. 1465 - - - - 33

William Scheves, coadj. 1476, abp. 1478, cons. 1478-9 - 33

James Stewart, "prov. 1497- - - - - 35

Alexander Stewart, prov. 1504 - - - - 37

John Hepburn, &\. 1513 - - - - 38

Cardinal Innocenzo Cibo, ■prov . 1513 - - -38«.

Andrew Forman, trans. 1514 - - - - 38

James Beaton, trans. 1522- - - - - 40

David Beaton, prov. as coadj. 1537, cons. 1538 - - 41

John Hamilton, prov. 1547, trans. 1549 ' " "43

Gavin Hamilton, coid.]. 1 551, sue. 1571 - - 44

BISHOPS OF DUNKELD

Cormac, before 1127 - - - - -47

Gregory, before 1147 - - - - - 48
Richard, cons, 1 1 70 _____ 50

Walter de Bidun, t\. 1178 - - - - 50

John the Scot, el. and conf. 1183- - - - 51

Richard de Prebenda, 1203 - - - - 52

John de Leicester, el. 1211 - - - - 52
Hugh de Sigillo, I2i4(?) - - - 53

Matthew Scot, postulated 1229- - - - 53

Gilbert, 1229 __.-__ 54

Geoffrey de Liberatione, el. 1236 - - - - 54

Richard of Inverkeithing, el. 1250, cons. 1 25 1-2 - - 57

Robert de Stuteville, el. 1272, cons. 1273 (?) - -58

Hugh de Strivelin, c\. 1283 (?) - - - - 59

William, el. and cons. 1283 - - - "59

Matthew de Crambeth, el. and cons. 1 288 - - - 59

John de Leek, el. 1309 - - - - - 61

William Sinclair, el. 1 309, conf. and cons. 1312 - - 61

Malcolm de Innerpeffri, q\. 1337 - - - 64

Richard de Pilmor, el. 1337, conf. and cons. 1344 " "63

Robert de Den, el. i 347 - - - "65

Duncan de Strathern, prov. 1 347 - - - " ^5



TABLE OF CONTENTS

John, el., prov. and cons. 1355

JohnofCarrick,&\. 1370
Michael de Monymusk, prov. 1370

Andrew Umfray, ■prov. 1377 -
John de Peblys, prov, 1377-8 _ _ -

Robert de Derling, cons. 1379

Nicholas Duffield, 1390 _ _ -

Robert Sinclair, trans. 1391
Robert de Cardeny, prov. 1398

William Gunwardby, cons. c. 1430

Donald Macnachtane, t\. 1437 -
James Kennedy, el. and prov. 1437, cons. 1438

Thomas de Levinstone, c. 1440

Alexander de Latvedre, el. and prov. 1440
James Bruce, prov. 1441, cons. 1442

fFil/iam Turnbull, prov. 1447 - - -

John Raulston, prov. 1447, cons. 1447-8
Thomas Lawder, prov. 1452
James Levingston, prov. 1475, cons. 1476 -

Alexander Itiglis, t\. 1483
George Browne, prov. 1483, cons. 1484

Andrew Stewart, postulated i 5 i 5
Gavin Douglas, prov. 15 15, cons. I 5 16
Robert Cockburn, trans. 1524
George Crichton, prov. 1526
John Hamilton, prov. 1544, cons. 1546
Robert Crichton, prov. 1544 ^"'^ ^553(-)> cons. I554(?)



XIX

PAGE



66
66
66
67
67
94
94
69
70

94

7J
72
95
73
73
74
74
75
77
78

79
82
82
86

87
88

91



BISHOPS OF ABERDEEN

Three alleged bishops of Murthlac -

Nectan, before 11 25

Edward, before 1 1 50

Matthew, cons. 11 72

John, el. II 99 -

Adam, el. 1207 - - - -

Matthew Scot, postulated 1228-
Gilbert de Strivelyn, el. 1228
Randulph de Lambley, el. and cons.(r) 1239



98
98
98

99

lOI
lOI

102
103
103



XX



TABLE OF CONTENTS



Peter de Ramsey, postulated 1 247 - - -

Richard de Potton, el. 1256-7, cons. 1257-8
Hugh de Benham, el. and cons. 1272
Henry le Chen, el. and prov. 1282 -

Walter Herot, e\. Siudi ^Tov. 1329
Alexander de Kyninmund, prov. and cons. 1329
William de Deyn, el., prov. and cons. 1344-
John Rait, prov. 1350, cons. 1351 -
Alexander de Kyninmund (II.), el. and prov. 1355, cons.
Adam de Tynyngham, prov. and cons. 1380
Gilbert de Greenlaw, el. 1389, prov. 1390 -
Henry de Lychtone, trans. 1422 -
Ingeram de Lindesay, prov. 1441 -
Thomas Spens, trans. 1457

Robert Blacader, el. and prov. 1480 - - -

William Elphinstone, trans. 1483 - - -

Alexander Gordon, el. 15 14, prov. 15 16

Robert Forman, prov. 1 5 1 5
Gavin Dunbar, prov. 15 18, cons. 15 19

George Learmond, coadj. 1529
William Stewart, el. and prov. 1532, cons. 1533
William Gordon, el. 1545, prov. 1546, cons. 1546-7



1356



PAGE

105
106
108

I ID

no

112

116
118
120
122
125
127
129
135
135
137
139

139
141



BISHOPS OF MORAY

Gregory, before 11 24

William, before 11 53

Felix, f. 1165

Simon de Tonei, el. 1171, cons. 11 72

Richard, el. and cons. 1187

Brice (Douglas), 1203 _ _ _

Andrew de Moravia, el. 1222, cons. 1223-4

Simon, el. 1242-3, cons. 1244 (?) -

Ralph, el. r. 1252
Archibald, cons. 1253 . _ _

David de Moravia, el. and cons. 1299
John de Pylmore, prov. and cons. 1326
Alexander Bur, el., prov. and cons. 1362
William de Spyny, prov. and cons. 1397



144
144

H5
146

146

H7
148
149

150
150

152

I.S3
156



TABLE OF CONTENTS xxi

PAGE

John de Innes, prov. and cons. 1407 - - - 157

Henry de Lychton, el. 1414, prov, and cons. 141 5 - "157

Columba de Dunbar, prov. 1422- - - - 158

John de Winchester, prov. 1436, cons. 1437 - " ^59

James Stewart, prov. and cons. 1460 - - - 160

David Stewart, prov. 1462, cons. 1463-4 - - - 161

William de Tulloch, trans. 1477 - - - - 162

Andrew Stewart, el. (?) and prov. 1482, cons, after 1485 - 163

Andrew Forman, postulate and prov. 1501- - - 165

James Hepburn, postulate and prov. 1516- - - 167

Robert Shaw, prov. and cons. 1525 - - - 168

Alexander Stewart, prov. 1529, cons. 1532 (?) - - 169

Patrick Hepburn, prov. and cons. (?) 1538 - - - 171



BISHOPS OF BRECHIN

Samson, before 1153 - - - - -173

Turpin, el. 1178, cons. f. 1 1 80 _ _ . _ 173

Ralph, el. 1198 or earlier, cons. 1202 - - - 174

Hugh, 1 2 14 or earlier - - - - - 174

Gregory, el. 1218, cons. 1219 - _ _ _ 17^

Albin, postulated 1246 or earlier, cons. 1246-7 - - 175

William, e\.. 1269 or later - - - - 176

William Cumyn, el. 1274-5, cons. 1275-6 - - - 177

Nicholas, prov. and cons. 1296 - - - - 178

John de Kynninmond, el. 1298 or earlier, conf. and cons. 1298 179

Adam de Moravia, prov. and cons. 1328 - - - 180

Philip, el. 1349 (?), prov. and cons. 1350 - - - 181

Patrick de Locrys, el., prov. and cons. 1351- - - 182

Stephen de Cellario, prov. 1383 - - - - 183

Walter Forestar, prov. 1407, cons. 1410-1 - - - 184

John de Cranach, trans. 1426 - - - - 185

George de Schoriswod, prov. 1454, cons. 1454-5 " " ^^5

Patrick Graham, prov. 1463, cons. 1464 - - - 186

John Balfour, prov. and cons. 1465 - - - 187

William Meldrum, prov. 1488, cons. 1489 - - - 188

John Hepburn, prov. 1516, cons. 1524 (?) - - - 189

Donald Campbell, q\.{T) i^i,']-'^ - - - 190

John Sinclair, ^row 1565- - - - -191



xxii TABLE OF CONTENTS

BISHOPS OF DUNBLANE

I'AGE

Laurence, f. 1150- - - - - - 193

Symon, f. 1178- - - - - -194

Jonathan, 1 198 or earlier - - - - - 194

Abraham, 1210 or later - - - - -195

Ralph, t\. c. 1225 _ - - - . 192

Osbert, 1226 or later _____ 196

Clement, cons. 1233 - - - - -196

Robert de Prebenda, el. 1258-9, cons. 1259-60 - - 198

William, el. 1283-4, prov. and cons. 1284 _ _ _ 199

Alpin, el., conf. and cons. 1296 _ - _ _ 200

Nicholas, el., prov. and cons. 1301 - - - _ 200

Nicholas de Balmyle, el., conf. and cons. 1307 - - 201

Roger de Balnebrich, el. 131 8 or earlier - - _ 202

Maurice, el. 1318 or earlier, prov. and cons. 1322 - - 202

William, el. (?), prov. and cons. 1347 _ _ _ 203

Walter de Coventre, el. 1361 or earlier, prov. 1361 - - 203

Andrew, el. 1371-2, prov. 1372 - - _ _ 204

Dougal, el. 1380 or earlier, prov. 1380 - _ _ 205

Finlay, el. 1403 or earlier, prov. 1403 _ _ _ 205

William Stephen, trans. 141 9 _ _ _ _ 205

Michael Ochiltree, prov. 1429 _ - _ _ 206

Robert Lavi^der, prov. 1447 _ . _ _ 206



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