John Eadie.

An analytical concordance to the Holy Scriptures : or, The Bible presented under distinct and classified heads or topics online

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O./o^-y^n




: AN



ANALYTICAL COKCORDAIGE



TO



THE HOLY SCRIPTURES;



OR,



THE BIBLE



PRESENTED



UNDER DISTINCT AND CLASSIFIED HEADS OR TOPICS,



EDITED BY



JOHN EADIE, D.D., LLD., ^MJ<

PROFESSOR OF BIBLICAL LITERATURE TO THE UNITED PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH, AUTHOR

"BIBLICAL CYCLOPEDIA," "ECCLESIASTICAL CYCLOPEDIA," "CONCORDANCE

TO THE HOLY SCRIPTURES ON THE BASIS OF CRUDEN," &c.



"COMPARING SPIRITUAL THINGS WITH SPIRITUAL."

1 Cor. 2 : 13.



B S T ONs
aOULD AND LINCOLN,

i-.0 WASHINGTON STREET.

NEW YORK: SHELDON, BLAKEMAN & CO

CINCINNATI: GEORGE S. BLANCHARD.

18 57.




.,yt^



^^



Entered according- to Act of C6n^ress, in the year 1857, by

GOULD AND LINCOLN,

In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the District of Massacliusetts.



PREFACE TO THE AMERICAN EDITION.



In presenting this important work to the American public, the present pub-
lishers would call attention to some of its peculiar features.

At first view, it might not seem to differ greatly from certain other works
designed to aid in the study of the Bible. On comparing it with such,
however, it will be found to possess an essentially original and distinctive
character. It differs especially, in some important particulars, from two
classes of works to which it bears a general resemblance, — the common Con-
cordance and the Scripture Manual or Topical Text-book.

The design of the common Concordg^nce*^ is to assist the student in find-
ing some passage of Scripture by means of a leading word ; and that is its
whole design.

The design of this work, on the other hand, is to present, not a concordance
of words, but a concordance of subjects. All those passages of Scripture
which relate to one subject are brought together under one general head, and
then distributed under many subordinate heads.

It is apparent from this statement, that while the Analytical Concordance
essentially differs from, it in -nowise supersedes, the common Concordance ;
each ministers to a distinct and independent purpose, but both are equally
necessary to the Biblical student.

Again : this Concordance differs from the common Manual or Topical
Text-book ; and it differs in two important respects. First, the latter class
of works are confined to theological or doctrinal topics ; the Analytical Con-
cordance, on the contrary, embraces all the topics which ai'e naturally sug-
gested by the entire contents of the Bible. Second, the Topical Text-book
contains only a part of the Bible ; this contains the whole.

Thus, in all respects, the Analytical Concordance is more comprehensive
and complete than the class of works with which it is here compared.

It is, in short, nothing less than the whole Bible distributed under appro-
priate heads.

VII



The purchaser, therefore, gets not only a Concordance but also a Bible in
this volume. The superior convenience arising out of this fact — saving, as
it does, the necessity of having two books at hand and of making two refer-
ence.-!, instead of one — will be readily apparent.

Another feature of the work that deserves special notice is the Synopsis.
This presents to view, in a brief compass and in the author's own words,
what in the Concordance is spread over many pages and is expressed in the
language of Scripture. It will be found of no small value in giving unity
and clearness to the conceptions of the student.

In addition to the Synopsis, there is also an Index embracing nearly two
thousand leading words arranged in alphabetical order.

That such a w^ork as this is of exceeding great convenience is matter of
obvious remark. But it is much more than that ; it is also an instructive
work. It is adapted not only to assist the student in prosecuting the investi-
gation of preconceived ideas, but also to impart ideas which the most careful
reading of the Bible in its ordinary arrangement might not suggest. Let him
take up any one of the subjects — Agriculture, for example — and see if
such be not the case. This feature places the work in a higher grade than
that of the common Concordance. It shows it to be, so to speak, a work of
more mind.

There is but one other work in our language prepared on the same general
plan as this, and of that the author has sufficiently spoken in his preface. It
need only be remarked, that while from what is there said this work appears
to be every way superior to that, it is offered to the public at much less cost.



All classes and conditions of people will find this Concordance specially
adapted to their necessities. It is equally adapted to assist —

Clergymen and Theological Students ;

Sabbath school Superintendents, Teachers, and Bible Classes ;

Authors engaged in the composition of rehgious, and even secular works ;
and, in fine.

Common readers of the Bible, who have no other end in view than their
own personal improvement.

Boston, January, 1857.

VIII



AUTHOR'S PREFACE.



Tins is the tliird of a Series of Biblical Wor^s designed for popular study,
specially for the use of Sabbath School Teachers, and generally for domestic reading
and instruction. Occupying, as I do, a double position in the Church, — that of a
Pastor, and that of a Teacher of Theology, — I have humbly endeavored to suit my
literary labors to this twofold function. As a Professor in a Theological Seminary,
I have given to the world some treatises of an Academic character; but, as a
Minister, I have greatly rejoiced in the opportunity of publishing other Works of
less pretension, but of far wider circulation, adapted in some measure to our
homes and schools.^

This Volume at once explains its own nature. It is an attempt so to classify
Scripture under separate heads as to exhaust its Contents. The reader will find
under the respective Articles or Sections what the Bible says on the separate
subjects in relation to Doctrine, Ethics, and Antiquities.

Xow, the constraction of such a work is somewhat difficult. There are verses
which possess no distinctive character, and it is hard to select a place for them, for
one Compiler might put them in one Section, and his successor might change them
to another. Many verses contain two antagonistic statements, truth and error in
contrast, or truth delivered in a negative and positive form; and, therefore, no
matter where such a verse is quoted, one half of it does not and cannot belong to
the Chapter under wliich it is found. To divide such verses is often impossible, for
there would be left an imperfect statement, the necessary verb or full syntax being
in the other portion. Then interpretation is so far involved, that it depends upon

1 Biblical Cyclopasdia, &c. Fifth Edition or Tenth Thousand. — Xew and Complete Concordance
of the Holy Scriptures, &c. Sixteenth Edition. [American Edition of the same, published by
Gould and Lincoln. Seventeenth Thousand.]

IX



the sense assigned to a verse whether it shall be ranged or not among the proofs of
a doctrine or theological tenet, and there is often room for difference of opinion.
Besides, in spite of every attention, one will find that some important verse may-
have been omitted or misplaced. Another difficulty is to determine how many
Heads shall be employed, so as to classify and place under them the entire Scrip-
ture. Such works as those of Gaston, Warden, and Clarke, only take up special
subjects, and therefore do not necessitate such a calculation. But if you mean to
comprehend the Bible, you must contrive that under a definite number of Headings
its various verses shall be apportioned. If these be too few, then there must be
straining and manoeuvre ; if too many, the reader's attention is distracted, and one
great purpose of the Book is lost. Thus Talbot (and West after him) has a Cliap-
ter called " Metaphysics," a name unbiblical both in spirit and form, and under
it he classes subjects so different as Angels and Devils, Heaven and Hell. Talbot
has another Chapter, named " Conflicts," a very vague title, comprising some
paragraphs for which an appropriate place could not elsewhere be very readily
found, and West, of course, simply reprints it. Indeed, in all Works of this nature,
there must be not a little that is matter of taste, rather than of precision in the
arrangement

Our Work is based on that of Talbot,^ and we honestly award him the credit of
the original production. But it is not a New Edition of Talbot, such as that which
West has recently given in his own name. What we mean is, that Talbot's Collec-
tion suggested the idea, and has guided us both in Sections and Verses ; so that if he
has selected the right verses in any place, we take them. Indeed, from the nature
of the Work, this imitation or similarity cannot be avoided. If the original Compiler
gives every verse on a subject, a subsequent Editor, if he do not take the same
verses, will be either defective or erroneous in his citations. Still, in almost e\cry
Section, we have been obliged to add, or subtract, or change. Talbot has thirty
general Headings, we have forty-two. Yet we do not claim the merit of a wholly
new production ; for, certainly, had we not been preceded by Talbot, we sliould

1 An Analysis of the Holy Bible, containing the whole of the Old and New Testaments, collected
and arranged systematically, in Thirty Books, by Matthew Talbot, 4to., Leedtr, 1800. Triuted by
and for Edward Baiues (Son-in-law of the Author).

X



L



AUTHOR S PREFACE.



never have entered upon the Work at all. We say Talbot, and not West ; for
West is but a reprint of Talbot, with an imperfect Index, and a few slight variations,
by no means so numerous as those found in many a Second Edition of a Book.

Dr. West says that his Work is based on that of " the learned Talbot." The lan-
guage is fitted to mislead, for his Octavo is simply Talbot's Quarto, with a somewliat
different arrangement of " Books." The epithet of " the learned Talbot " seems to
suggest that Talbot belonged to one of the Professions, as they are called. Now,
Matthew Talbot was a worthy layman of Leeds, a currier by trade, a good man, of
high independence, and of patient and indomitable energy. His " Analysis " was
the result of the quiet and persistent study of many years, and certainly verifies one
of his own quaint and common sayings : " I can honor any Draft drawn on the Bank
of Patience." Mr. Talbot's daughter was married to Baines, the eminent printer.
The old man's generosity and patriotism, his learning and talents, his hearty love of
the truth, and adherence to it at all hazards, yet survive among his grandchildren, and
one of them, the Eight Honorable Matthew Talbot Baines, raised by personal merit to
his high position, is, at this moment, a Member of her Majesty's Cabinet. It is, there-
fore, with regret, that we find his Book, with but a very slight disguise, published in
America as West's, and it is with indignation that we see it openly plagiarized and
reprinted without even his name at all, and that so recently as in London, 1848.
This last and unblushing appropriator of Talbot has adopted the meaningless title
of the " Analogy of the Old and New Testaments Systematically Classified." ^ What
is worse, he is so audacious as to say in his Preface : " This Work has been for
many years a labor of love to the Author." Surely, if such a plagiarism of a
common Author is usually branded as dishonesty, then, coupled with such a state-
ment, and in reference to the Word of Truth itself, one is apt to call it by the
harder name of profanity.

The Work, then, is simply Scripture printed under classified heads. Thus, to
take the first Article, " Agriculture," the reader will ascertain under it what is
said in Scripture as to the Land and Farms of Canaan, the processes of Husbandry,

1 An Analogy of the Old and New Testaments, Systematically Classified. By T. Whowdl. Two
vols., 4to., London. Printed for the Author, by William Clowes & Son, 1848.

XI



author's preface.



such as Ploughing, SSwing, and Reaping, &c., and the allusions to them contained
in the Prophets and in the Parables of our Lord, with much more of similar import.
Talbot and West only use a verse once, and therefore some of their Sections are
brief and scanty ; on the other hand, we have repeated many verses twice, thrice,
and oftener, our only limit being the fear of too large a Volume. Great care has
been taken to secure accuracy of reference, and every verse has been turned up,
and verified by young eyes and fingers in the retirement of a rural Manse. The
technical labor of preparing copy has been performed by one whose relationship to
the Editor gave her a filial interest in the daily and protracted task. The Work is
enriched with a very full Index, prepared with characteristic accuracy by a friend
whose labors in a similar field we have elsewhere acknowledged. Another peculiar
advantage will be found in the prefixed Synopsis, which is so constructed that it
may be read continuously, and it will be found to exhibit a bird's eye view of BibHcal
Antiquities and Theology. By the employment of Synopsis and Index, every subject
of Scripture may be easily turned up, and full informationspeedily obtained. In fine,
while our Book will save time and trouble to the inquirer, yet we counsel the con-
tinuous consultation of the Scriptures themselves, and of the verses in their original
connection. For there is a living unity in the Bible amidst all its diversity, and it
is with it as with the minerals of the globe, which present a more glorious order in
the respective positions in which nature has placed them, than when artificially
arranged on the shelves of a cabinet With all the imperfections of this volume,
and they belong more or less to every compilation of the kind, we hope that it may
be found to be really useful, that the Divine blessing may accompany it, and that it
may meet with that cordial and extended welcome which has been, and still is, so
kindly vouchsafed to its two predecessors.



The Dash so often introduced, is designed to point out some differences in the
Verses following it, such as Allusions and Examples, or Instances and Statements,
adduced as contrasts to the Verses of the Topic or Section printed above it.



XII



GENERAL SUBJECTS.



PAGE

I. — SYNOPSIS XXVII

n. — AGRICULTUEE 1

III. — ANBIALS, U

ly. — ARCHITECTUIIE . , . 43

v. — ARMY— ARMS, . . . . „ o , . 59

VI. — BODY, 87

VII. — CANAAN, 124

Vin. — COVENANT 136

IX. — DIET AND DRESS, 142

X.— DISEASE AND DEATH 164

XI. — EARTH 180

XII. — EAMILY, 205

XIII. — GENEALOGY 222

XIV. — GOD, , 234

XV. — HEAVEN ,257

XVL — IDOLATRY — IDOLS, 266

XVIL — JESUS CHRIST, 285

XVIIL — JEWS, 3f4

XIX. — LAW, . , 334

XIII



GENERAL SUBJECTS.



PAGE

XX. — MAGISTRATES, . . . , ... . .356

XXI. ^MAN 377

XXII. — MARRIAGE, 423

XXIII. — METALS AND MINERALS, 447

XXIV. — MINISTERS OF RELIGION, 451

XXV. — MIRACLES . 481

XXVL — OCCUPATIONS, . 498

XXVIL — ORDINANCES, . . . . . . . . 507

XXVIII. — PARABLES AND EMBLEMS, 518

XXIX. — PERSECUTION, 530

XXX. — PRAISE AND PRAYER, 535

XXXL — PROPHECY, ........ 563

XXXIL — PROVIDENCE 576

XXXni. — REDEMPTION, 592

XXXIV. — SABBATHS AND HOLY DAYS, .... 628

XXXV. — SACRIEICES, 635

XXXVI. — SCRIPTURES, 648

XXXVIL — SPEECH 660

XXXVm. — SPIRITS, ANGELS — DEVILS, 680

XXXIX. — TABERNACLE — TEMPLE, ..... 688

XL. — VINEYARD — ORCHARD, . . . . . .713

XLL — VISIONS AND DREAMS, ..... 720

XLIL— WAR, 726

XLHI.- WATER, 761

APPENDIX, o o 771

xrv



ALPHABETICAL INDEX OF CONTENTS,



Aaron's rod blossoming, 486

Ablutions, . ... 50'.)

A!. ode of Man, the first, 877

Alioiigiiies of Cauaau, some

uiiexpi-Ued, . . . 12G

Ab<>rij,nnes of Canaan, made

tributaries, . . ,127

Abr;iliain, . . . .137
Abraham, miracles in con-.

nection with, . , . 483
A bralium's posterity, . . 2:::3
Alstiueiice from wine and

stroiif? driiil£, . . 152

Abstinence, voluntary , from

fM)(1, ... .142

Acceptable, when sacrillces

Were, 6:^6

Adam, first and second, . 605
A dopi ion (natural), . . 2i8
Adoption, tipirit ual, its source

thegnictj of God, . . 218
Adoption, its blessings, 218

Adoption, its duties, . iJ18

Adultery, a heinous sin, . 438
Adultery, punishment by law, 439
AHection, brotherly, . .219
AltVction domestic, want of 220
Affection, parental, . , 214
Allliotion, advantages of, 16u

Aflliction, conjfort and hope

under, . . . .164

Afil cf ion, sometimes not im-

1 roved, . . . . 1G5
Atr»- auu tinaUficalions of Le-

vit'S, . . • . . 456
ARe, signsof, . . , 4i4

Aged, the, . . . .414
Ag arian enactments, , 3

Ague, . . . .160

Alii.sgivlrg. cliaracterlstica of, 3iy
Aiicir in p.iiri.achal limes, 694
Altar ol uien'<o, . , 691

Aluu- of the Tabernacle, . 694
Altar of wiiuess, , . 695

Altar, a place of Safety, 702

Am-cdeli. ... 19^

Ark ot the Covenant, . . 69i
And.iiii,,us tnistle, p arable of

ihH 518

Auimon, .... 192

Anioriles, ... 19i!

Ai cunt slavery, . • 343

Ancient valour in heroes, 73

Ancient valour in troops, 73

Angel ot the covenaui, . 684

Angels, .... 680

Angels in disguise, . . (Jho
Angels praise t.i.d, . . 535
An^fls Venerated, but not

wurahipped, . . . 6S5
Anger, . . . .394

Annual food, permission to

eat, it. .... 31

Auiiiiuls, uieaiiou ut, • » 14



Paprp
Animnls of labour. . . 27
Animals,proptieiic symbols of, 19
Animals, their subjection to

man, .... 15

Animals, used for sacrifice

and food, . . .31

Animals which are forbidden

to be eaten, . . .32

Animals, wild, ... 15
Anointing, the command for, 500
Antichrist, . . . 313

Anxiety to interpret dreams, 722
Apartments of ijouses, . 49

Apocalyptic symbols of devils, 687
Apostacy, .... 612
Apostles, . , , .471

A postles, the seventy, . 472

Apostolic claims upon the

people, . . . .472
Apostolic prerogative apd

duty, ... 471

Appearance of angels, . 682

Appetite, loss of, . . 168

Appetites, .... 88
Apple of the eye, . . 101

Appointed time to die, . 171

Apprehension, trial, and
death of Christ, prophecies
respecting them, . . 292
Arabia, .... 192

Architectural monuments, 56

Arm, Ill

Arm, natural symbol of

strength Ill

Armies, allied, ... 62
Armies, foreign, . , .61
Armour carried by an esquire, 77
Armour usually worn by the

Soldiers 77

Armour kept in a citadel, 77

Army, commissariat of the, 70
Army discipline, . . 65

Army musters, . « . 59
Arrow, bow, arcbery, . 79

A rro ws, images of divine judg-
ments. .... 80
Ariows images of evil, , 80
Articles of I uiiiiiure, . 50
Arii.^tic genius in the Taber-
nacle, .... 695

Asia, 393

Ascension of Christ, . . 807

Ass, 27

Ass. wild, .... 28
Assault, law regarding it, 337
As>urn.ce a result of Re-
demption, . . 613
Assyria, .... 193
Atmospheric heavens, . 257
Atirihuies of God possessed

by Christ, . ... 286

Authority, parental, . . 215
Authors. quotati(ms in Scrip-
ture from profane, , 656
XV



Page

Avarice of kings, . . 366
Awful results of human de-
pravity, . . . .379

B.ibel, dispersion at. . . 191

liabylon, . .' . . 194

15:. ck, 115

Backsliding, . . .611

Bad example, . . . 40C
Bad kings, . . . .365
Baldness a token of disease,

grief, and reproach, . 97

Banners, .... 64

Baptism of Christ, . . 297

Baptism, institution of; . 515

Baptism, Instances of, . . 5l6

Baptism, blessings of, ■ . . 516
Barrenness, healed by prayer, 209
Barren flg-iree, parable of ibe, 521

Bashan, 19i

B istardy, .... 414

Bat, 20

1 leans and pottage, . . 147

I]ear i5

Beard usually worn among

the Jews 97

Beasts, objects of worship, . 267

Beds, 49

Bees, . .... 25

Beggary, .... 346

Behemoth 15

Believers, perfection secured

to, 618

Benediction, . . . .687
iienediction, form of, under

Old Testament. . . 559
Benefits ot almsgiving to the

giver, 348

Bereaved, comforters of the, 176

liereaved parents, grief of, . 2l3

I'.ilile in early limes. . . 653

liible a perfect revelation, . 656

Birth, ... . 207
Birth, treatment of mother

and cldld at, . . 208

Bfrth, allusions to, . . 207
Birlli of Christ, prophesies

respecting it, . . . 289
Birthday, . , . .209
Bishops, . . . • 472
Bittern, .... 20
Black, token of mourning, . 156
Blasphemy, various forms of, 561
Blasphemy, penalty of, . 562
Biaspliemy, severe reproba-
tion of, .... 560
Blessing, forms of, in the New

Testament, . , . 559
Blessing of wisdom, , . 381
Blessings and cursings, offi-
cial 659

Blessings, paternal, . . 217

Blessings of penitence, . 606

Blindness 166

Bliud guide, parable oi tbo, 621



ALPHABETICAL. INDEX OF


CONTENTS.




Pag« 1 Pacre , Pa pre ! |


Blood,


92


CandlesMck, emblem of the,


5-24


Christ, nis divinity, .


2^


Blood often ns''<J In connec-




Caukw-worm,


26


Christ, His humanity.


2ft.g


tion with niuraer,


92


Cannibalism, .


148


Ciirist, miracles of, .


491


Blood, forbidden to be eaten,


32


Canon, books not in the.




Ciirist, His person and work




Boar,


16


quoted in Scripture,


654


misunderstood.


299 i


Boasting, the Apostle's, lawful, 673


Captivity of the Jews pre-




Christ, opposed and reviled,


300


Body, liaa an interest in




dicttd.


323


Christ, His unwearied ac-


1


Ciirist's salvation.


83


Captivity, return of the Jews




tivity.


299


Bo ly, stature of the, .


88


from, ....


326


Christ, persecuted and con-




Body, symbol of the church,


87


Captives returned,opDosition




spired against.


301


Bodies, the heavenly, .


262


to the,


327


Christ, fame of his preaching,




Bodies, heavenly, darkened.


264


Capital punishments among




and miracles,


29g


Boils,


166


the Jews,


351


Christ, His messiahship,


289


Bone,


90


Cares aud anxieties of the




Christ, His offices, .


308


Bone, slgrnifylng blood-rela-




family.


219


Christ, as Medlator,8Ubordin-




tionship


91


Carmel, mount, . .


183


ate to the Father, .


313


Bones, tlie seat of pain,


91


Caterpillar, . •


26


Christ's ministry, various


1


Bones, referring to dead men,


91


Cattle


35


scenes of, . . .


301 !


Books quoted in Scripture,




Caution as to Idolatry,


275


Christ's parables, " .


519


which are not in the canon,


654


Cautions relative to Marriage,


427


Ciirist's last passover,


515


Booty taken in war,


467


Cautionary,


842


Ciirist's death substitutionary,


595


Borrower aud lender, rela-




Cavalry, . . .


69


Christ's death sacrificial.


595 1


tion of, ....


842


Cavalry not invincible, .


70


Ciirist's death propitiatory.


596


Bosom, or breast, . ,


114


Caves, ....


44


Christian, of tlie term,


610


Battles


49


Cedar, allegory of the.


523


Christian law and conscience




Boundaries of Canaan,


124


Censoriousness,


675


as to food, .


33


Boundaries of Canaan, as




Census of Israel in thewilder-




Church, the, .


608


seen by Ezekiel,


124


ness, at tlje commence-




Ciiurch, OJUgregatlons of the,


608


Bowels,


119


ment of their jourueyings.


228


Church, memb.r.'^hip of the.


OJd 4


Bowing down the face, token




Census of Israel prior to en-




Church organized lor mutual




ofoheisance.


98


tering Canaan,


228


edilication, .


608 :


Bow and arrows, . , ,


79


Census.inilitary under David,


229


Church organized for mutual




Bozrah,


195


Ceremonial institutions.


507


sympathy, .


609


Branch, a title of Chrlit, .


527


Ceremonial uncleannesses,


508


Church, the power of the,


6iO


Brass, . . . ,


448


Chaldea, its various names.


193


Church, unity of the,


610


Brazen altar, ....


701


Chaldea, prophecies, etc., re-




Church among the gentiles,


3132


Bread, a title of Christ,


527


specting,


193


Circumcision, institution of,


611


Bread sometimes nnleavened, 147 I


Challenge or address, in-




Circumcision, instances of,


611


Bread the stafif of life, .


145


stances of, . .


663


City of God, .


55


Breastplate


78


Challenges, . . .


75


Cities of refuge, .


S37


Breathing of the nostrils (fi-




Character of Christ, .


308


Cities, erecii'>n of,


52


guratively^ expressive of




Character of Christ, pro-




Cities, streets ot.


55


tlie divine anger, ,


104


phecies respecting it,



Online LibraryJohn EadieAn analytical concordance to the Holy Scriptures : or, The Bible presented under distinct and classified heads or topics → online text (page 1 of 218)