John Evelyn.

Diary and correspondence, To which is subjoined the private correspondence between King Charles I. and Sir Edward Nicholas, and between Sir Edward Hyde, afterwards earl of Clarendon, and Sir Richard Browne (Volume 1) online

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Online LibraryJohn EvelynDiary and correspondence, To which is subjoined the private correspondence between King Charles I. and Sir Edward Nicholas, and between Sir Edward Hyde, afterwards earl of Clarendon, and Sir Richard Browne (Volume 1) → online text (page 28 of 46)
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to all appearance dead with pain. What became of him, I
know not ; but the gentleman whom he robbed constantly
averred him to be the man, and the fellow's suspicious
pale looks, before he knew he should be racked, betrayed
some guilt ; the Lieutenant was also of that opinion, and
told us at first sight (for he was a lean, dry, black young
man) he would conquer the torture ; and so it seems they

* Qu. Some preparation of if, since perfected by Dr. James, whose jiamo
it now bears.


could not hang him, but did use in such cases, where the
evidence is very presumptive, to send them to the galleys,
which is as bad as death.

There was another malefactor to succeed, but the spec-
tacle was so uncomfortable, that I was not able to stay the
sight of another. It represented yet to me, the intolerable
sufferings which our Blessed Saviour must needs undergo
when his body was hanging with all its weight upon the
nails on the cross.

20th. I went this night with my wife to a ball at the
Marquis de Crevecoeur's, where were divers Princes, Dukes,
and great persons; but what appeared to me very mean
was, that it began with a puppet-play.

6th May. I attended the Ambassador to a masque at
Court, where the French King in person danced five
entries : but being engaged in discourse and better enter-
tained with one of the Queen-Regent's Secretaries, I soon
left the entertainment.

llth. To the Palace Cardinal, where the Master of the
Ceremonies placed me to see the royal masque, or opera.
The first scene represented a chariot of singers composed
of the rarest voices that could be procured, representing
Cornaro * and Temperance ; this was overthrown by
Bacchus and his Revellers ; the rest consisted of several
entries and pageants of excess, by all the Elements. A
masque representing fire was admirable ; then came a
Venus out of the clouds. The conclusion was a heaven,
whither all ascended. But the glory of the masque was
the great persons performing in it, the French King, his
brother the Duke of Anjou, with all the Grandees of the
Court, the King performing to the admiration of all. The
music was twenty-nine violins, vested a V antique, but the
habits of the masquers were stupendously rich and glorious.

23rd. I went to take leave of the Ambassadors for
Spain, which were my Lord Treasurer Cottington and Sir
Edward Hyde ; and, as I returned, I visited Mr. Morine'sf
garden, and his other rarities, especially corals, minerals,
stones, and natural curiosities; crabs of the Red Sea, the body
no bigger than a small bird's egg, but flatter, and the two

* The famous Venetian writer on Temperance,
f See page 65.


legs, or claws, a foot in length. He had abundance of
shells, at least 1000 sorts, which furnished a cabinet of
great price; and had a very curious collection of scara-
bees, and insects, of which he was compiling a natural
history. He had also the pictures of his choice flowers
and plants in miniature. He told me there were 10,000
sorts of tulips only. He had taille-douces out of number ;
the head of the Rhinoceros bird, which was very extrava-
gant, and one butterfly resembling a perfect bird.

25th. I went to visit Mr. Thomas White, a learned
priest and famous philosopher, author of the book " De
Mundo," with whose worthy brother I was well acquainted
at Rome. I was showed a cabinet of Maroquin, or Turkey
leather, so curiously inlaid with other leather, and gilding,
that the workman demanded for it 800 livres.

The Dean (of Peterborough) preached on the feast of
Pentecost, perstringing those of Geneva for their irre-
verence of the Blessed Virgin.

4th June. Trinity- Sunday, I was absent from church in
the afternoon on a charitable affair for the Abbess of Bou-
charvant, who but for me had been abused by that chymist,
Du Menie.* Returning, I stept into the Grand Jesuits,
who had this high day exposed their Cibarium, made all of
solid gold and imagery, a piece of infinite cost. Dr. Croy-
don, coming out of Italy and from Padua, came to see me,
on his return to England.

5th. I accompanied my Lord Strafford, and some other
noble persons, to hear Madame Lavaran sing, which she
did both in French and Italian excellently well, but her
voice was not strong.

7th. Corpus Christi Day, there was a grand procession,
all the streets tapestried, several altars erected there, full
of images, and other rich furniture, especially that before
the Court, of a rare design and architecture. There were
abundance of excellent pictures and great vases of silver.

13th. I went to see the collection of one Monsieur
Poignant, which for variety of agates, crystals, onyxes,
porcelain, medals, statues, relievos, paintings, taille-douces,
and antiquities, might compare with the Italian virtuosos.

* Q,u. The person mentioned in page 263, as pretending to have found out
the art of multiplying gold ?

1651.] JOHN EVELYN. 057

21st. I became acquainted with Sieur William Curtius,
a very learned and judicious person of the Palatinate.
He had been scholar to Alstedius, the Encyclopedist, was
well advanced in years, and now Resident for his Majesty
at Frankfort.

2nd July. Came to see me the Earl of Strafford, Lord
Ossory and his Brother, Sir John Southcott, Sir Edward
Stawell, two of my Lord Spencer's sons, and Dr. Stewart,
Dean of St. Paul's, a learned and pious man, where we
entertained the time upon several subjects, especially the
affairs of England, and the lamentable condition of our
Church. The Lord Gerrard also called to see my collection
of sieges and battles.

21st. An extraordinary fast was celebrated in our
Chapel, Dr. Stewart, Dean of St. Paul's, preaching.

2nd August. I went with my wife to Conflans, where
were abundance of ladies and others bathing in the river ;
the ladies had their tents spread on the water for privacy.

29th. "Was kept as a solemn fast for the calamities of
our poor Church, now trampled on by the rebels. Mr.
Waller, being at St. Germains, desired me to send him a
coach from Paris, to bring my wife's god-daughter to Paris,
to be buried by the Common Prayer.

6th September. I went with my wife to St. Germains,
to condole with Mr. Waller's loss. I carried with me and
treated at dinner that excellent and pious person the Dean
of St. Paul's, Dr. Stewart, and Sir Lewis Dives (half-
brother to the Earl of Bristol), who entertained us with
his wonderful escape out of prison in Whitehall, the very
evening before he was to have been put to death, leaping
down out of a jakes two stories high into the Thames at
high water, in the coldest of winter, and at night ; so as by
swimming he got to a boat that attended for him, though
he was guarded by six musketeers. After this, he went
about in women's habit, and then in a small-coal-man's,
travelling 200 miles on foot, embarked for Scotland with
some men he had raised, who coming on shore were all
surprised and imprisoned on the Marquis of Montrose's
score ; he not knowing anything of their barbarous murder
of that hero. This he told us was his fifth escape, and
none less miraculous ; with this note, that the charging
through 1000 men armed, or whatever danger could befall


a man, he believed could not more confound and distract
a man's thoughts than the execution of a premeditated
escape, the passions of hope and fear being so strong.
This knight was indeed a valiant gentleman; but not a
little given to romance, when he spake of himself. I
returned to Paris, the same evening.

7th. I went to visit Mr. Hobbes, the famous philosopher
of Malmesbury, with whom I had long acquaintance.
From his window, we saw the whole equipage and glorious
cavalcade of the young French Monarch, Louis XIV.,
passing to Parliament, when first he took the kingly govern-
ment on him, now being in his 14th year, out of his
minority and the Queen Regent's pupillage. First, came
the captain of the King's Aids, at the head of 50 richly
liveried; next, the Queen-Mother's light Horse, 100,
the lieutenant being all over covered with embroidery and
ribbons, having before him four trumpets habited in black
velvet, full of lace, and casques of the same. Then, the
King's Light Horse, 200, richly habited, with four trumpets
in blue velvet embroidered with gold, before whom rid the
Count d'Olonne coronet [cornet], whose belt was set with
pearl. Next went the grand PreVot's company on foot,
with the Pre'vot on horseback; after them, the Swiss in
black velvet toques, led by two gallant cavaliers habited in
scarlet-coloured satin, after their country fashion, which is
very fantastic ; he had in his cap a pennach of heron, with
a band of diamonds, and about him twelve little Swiss
boys, with halberds. Then, came the Aide des Ceremonies ;
next, the grandees of court, governors of places, and
lieutenants-general of provinces, magnificently habited and
mounted, among whom I must not forget the Chevalier
Paul, famous for many sea-fights and signal exploits there,
because it is said he had never been an Academist, and
yet governed a very unruly horse, and besides his rich
suit, his Malta Cross was esteemed at 10,000 crowns.
These were headed by two trumpets, and the whole troop,
covered with gold, jewels, and rich caparisons, were fol-
lowed by six trumpets in blue velvet also, preceding as
many heralds in blue velvet semee with fleurs-de-lis,
caduces in their hands, and velvet caps on their heads ;
behind them, came one of the masters of the ceremonies;
then, divers marshals and many of the nobility, exceeding


splendid ; behind them Count d'Harcourt, grand Ecuyer,
alone, carrying the King's sword in a scarf, which he held
up in a blue sheath studded with fleurs-de-lis ; his horse
had for reins two scarfs of black taffata.

Then, came abundance of footmen and pages of the
King, new-liveried with white and red feathers ; next, the
garde du corps and other officers ; and, lastly, appeared the
King himself on an Isabella barb, on which a housing
semee with crosses of the Order of the Holy Ghost, and
fleurs-de-lis ; the King himself, like a young Apollo, was
in a suit so covered with rich embroidery, that one could
perceive nothing of the stuff under it ; he went almost
the whole way with his hat in hand, saluting the ladies
and acclamators, who had filled the windows with their
beauty, and the air with Vive le Roi. He seemed a prince
of a grave yet sweet countenance. After the King, followed
divers great persons of the Court, exceeding splendid, also
his esquires ; masters of horse, on foot ; then, the company
of Exempts des Gardes, and six guards of Scotch. Betwixt
their files, were divers princes of the blood, dukes, and
lords ; after all these, the Queen's guard of Swiss, pages,
and footmen ; then, the Queen-Mother herself, in a rich
coach, with Monsieur the King's brother, the Duke of
Orleans, and some other lords and ladies of honour.
About the coach, marched her Exempts des Gardes ; then,
the company of the King's Gens d'armes, well mounted,
150, with four trumpets, and as many of the Queen's;
lastly, an innumerable company of coaches full of ladies
and gallants. In this equipage, passed the monarch to the
Parliament, henceforth exercising his kingly government.

15th. I accompanied Sir Richard Browne, my father-
in-law, to the French Court, when he had a favourable
audience of the French King and the Queen, his mother,
congratulating the one on his coming to the exercise of
his royal charge, and the other's prudent and happy admi-
nistration during her late regency, desiring both to
preserve the same amity for his master, our King, as they
had hitherto done, which they both promised, with many
civil expressions and words of course upon such occasions.
We were accompanied both going and returning by the
Inttoductor of Ambassadors and Aid of Ceremonies. I
also saw the audience of Morosini, the Ambassador of


Venice, and divers other Ministers of State from German
Princes, Savoy, &c. Afterwards, I took a walk in the
King's gardens, where I observed that the mall goes the
whole square thereof next the wall, and bends with an
angle so made as to glance the wall ; the angle is of stone.
There is a basin at the end of the garden fed by a noble
fountain and high jetto. There were in it two or three
boats, in which the King now and then rows about. In
another part is a complete fort, made with bastions, graft,
half-moons, ravelins, and furnished with great guns cast
on purpose to instruct the King in fortification.

22nd. Arrived the news of the fatal battle at Worcester,
which exceedingly mortified our expectations.

28th. I was showed a collection of books and prints,
made for the Duke of York.

1st October. The Dean of Peterborough [Dr. Cosin]
preached on Job xiii., verse 15, encouraging our trust in
God on all events and extremities, and for establishing
and comforting some ladies of great quality, who were
then to be discharged from our Queen-Mother's service,
unless they would go over to the Romish Mass.

The Dean, dining this day at our house, told me the
occasion of publishing those Offices, which among the
Puritans were wont to be called Cosin's cozening Devo-
tions,* by way of derision. At the first coming of the
Queen into England, she and her French ladies were often
upbraiding our religion, that had neither appointed nor
set forth any hours of prayer, or breviaries, by which ladies
and courtiers, who have much spare time, might edify and
be in devotion, as they had. Our Protestant ladies,
scandalized it seems at this, moved the matter to the
King, whereupon his Majesty presently called Bishop
White to him, and asked his thoughts of it, and whether
there might not be found some forms of prayer proper on
such occasions, collected out of some already approved
forms, that so the court-ladies and others (who spend

* So called by Mr. Prynne, in his brief survey of this book. The Dean was
sequestered from all his preferments by the Parliament, and went abroad to
Paris, 1 643. He kept up the service of the Church of England in Sir Richard
Browne's chapel there, see pp. 258, 266. On the Restoration, he was made
Bishop of Durham, to which see, as well as to Peter-House, at Cambridge, of
which he had been Master, he was a most munificent benefactor. He died
in 1671. See Biog. Brit., the new edition by Dr. Kippis.

1651.] JOHN EVELYN. 271

much time in trifling) might at least appear as devout, and
be so too, as the new-come-over French ladies, who took
occasion to reproach our want of zeal and religion. On
which, the Bishop told his Majesty that it might be done
easily, and was very necessary ; whereupon, the King com-
manded him to employ some person of the clergy to
compile such a Work, and presently the Bishop naming
Dr. Cosin, the King enjoined him to charge the Doctor in
his name to set about it immediately. This the Dean
told me he did, arid three months after, bringing the book
to the King, he commanded the Bishop of London to read
it over, and make his report ; this was so well liked, that
(contrary to former custom of doing it by a chaplain) he
would needs give it an imprimatur under his own hand.
Upon this, there were at first only 200 copies printed ; nor,
said he, was there anything in the whole book of my own
composure, nor did I set any name as author to it, but
those necessary prefaces, &c. out of the Fathers, touching
the times and seasons of prayer, all the rest being entirely
translated and collected out of an Office, published by
authority of Queen Elizabeth, anno 1560, and our own
Liturgy. This I rather mention to justify that industrious
and Pious Dean, who had exceedingly suffered by it, as if
he had done it of his own head to introduce Popery, from
which no man was more averse, and one who in this time
of temptation and apostacy held and confirmed many to
our Church.*

29th. Came news and letters to the Queen and Sir
Richard Browne (who was the first that had intelligence
of it) of his Majesty's miraculous escape after the fight
at Worcester ; which exceedingly rejoiced us.

7th November. I visited Sir Kenelm Digby, with whom
I had much discourse of chemical matters. I showed him
a particular way of extracting oil of sulphur, and he gave
me a certain powder with which he affirmed that he had
fixed (mercury) before the late King. He advised me
to try and digest a little better, and gave me a water

* The Clergy who attended the English Court in France at this time, and
are mentioned to have officiated in Sir Richard Browne's Chapel were : The
Bishop of Galloway ; Dr. George Morley, afterwards Bishop of Winchester ;
Dr.- Cosin, Dean of Peterborough, afterwards Bishop of Durham ; Dr.
Stewart, Dean of St. Paul's ; Dr. Earle ; Dr. Clare ; Dr. Wolley, no great
preacher ; Mr. Crowder ; Dr. Lloyd ; Mr. Hamilton ; Dr. Duncan.


which he said was only rain-water of the autumnal equinox,
exceedingly rectified, very volatile ; it had a taste of a
strong vitriolic, and smelt like aqua-fortis. He intended
it for a dissolvent of calx of gold ; but the truth is, Sir
Kenelm was an errant mountebank. Came news of the
gallant Earl of Derby's execution by the rebels.

14th. Dr. Clare preached on Genesis xxviii. verses 20, 21,
2, upon Jacob's vow, which he appositely applied, it
being the first Sunday his Majesty came to chapel after
his escape. I went, in the afternoon, to visit the Earl of
Norwich ; he lay at the Lord of Aubigny's.

16th. Visited Dean Stewart, who had been sick about
two days ; when going up to his lodging I found him
dead; which affected me much, as besides his particular
affection and love to me, he was of incomparable parts and
great learning, of exemplary life, and a very great loss to
the whole church. He was buried the next day with all
our church's ceremonies, many noble persons accompany-
ing the corpse.

17th. I went to congratulate the marriage of Mrs.
Gardner, maid of honour, lately married to that odd
person, Sir Henry Wood : but riches do many things.

To see Monsieur Febur's course of chymistry, where I
found Sir Kenelm Digby, and divers curious persons of
learning and quality. It was his first opening the course
and preliminaries, in order to operations.

1st December. I now resolved to return into England.

3rd. Sir Lewis Dives dined with us, who relating some
of his adventures, showed me divers pieces of broad gold,
which, being in his pocket in a fight, preserved his life by
receiving a musket-bullet on them, which deadened its
violence, so that it went no further; but made such a
stroke on the gold as fixed the impressions upon one
another, battering and bending several of them ; the bullet
itself was flatted, and retained on it the colour of the gold.
He assured us that of a hundred of them, which it seems
he then had in his pocket, not one escaped without some
blemish. He affirmed that his being protected by a Nea-
politan Prince, who connived at his bringing some horses
into France, contrary to the order of the Viceroy, by
assistance of some banditti, was the occasion of a difference
between those great men, and consequently of the late

1G52.] JOPIN EVELYN. 073

civil war in that kingdom, the Viceroy having killed the
Prince standing on his defence at his own castle. He told
me that the second time of the Scots coming into England,
the King was six times their number, and might easily
have beaten them ; but was betrayed, as were all other
his designs and counsels, by some, even of his bed-chamber,
meaning M. Hamilton, who copied Montrosfi's letters
from time to time when his Majesty was asleep.

llth. Came to visit me, Mr. Obadiah Walker, of Uni-
versity College, with his two pupils, the sons of my worthy
friend, Henry Hyldiard, Esq.,* whom I had recommended
to his care.

21st. Came to visit my wife, Mrs. Lane, the lady who
conveyed the King to the sea-side at his escape from
"Worcester. Mr. John Cosin, son to the Dean, debauched
by the priests, wrote a letter to me to mediate for him,
with his father. I prepared for my last journey, being
now resolved to leave France altogether.

25th. The King and Duke received the Sacrament first
by themselves, the Lords Byron and Wilmot holding the
long towel all along the altar.

26th. Came news of the death of that rebel, Ireton.
31st. Preached Dr. Wolley, after which was celebrated
the Holy Communion, which I received also, preparative
of my journey, being now resolved to leave France
altogether, and to return God Almighty thanks for His
gracious protection of me this past year.

1651-2. 2nd January. News of my sister Glanville's
death in childbed, which exceedingly affected me.

I went to one Mark Antonio, an incomparable artist in
enamelling. He wrought by the lamp figures in boss, of a
large size, even to the life, so that nothing could be better
moulded. He told us stories of a Genoese jeweller, who
had the great arcanum, and had made projection before
him several times. He met him at Cyprus travelling into
Egypt ; in his return from whence, he died at sea, and the
secret with him, that else he had promised to have left it
to him ; that all his effects were seized on, and dissipated
by the Greeks in the vessel, to an immense value. He
also affirmed, that being in a goldsmith's shop at Amster-
dam, a person of very low stature came in, and desired

* Of East Horsley, in Surrey.


the goldsmith to melt him a pound of lead ; which done,
he unscrewed the pommel of his sword, and, taking out of
a little box a small quantity of powder, casting it into the
crucible, poured an ingot out, which, when cold, he took
up, saying, " Sir, you will be paid for your lead in the
crucible," and so went out immediately. When he was
gone, the goldsmith found four ounces of good gold in it,
but could never set eye again on the little man, though he
sought all the city for him. Antonio asserted this with
great obtestation ; nor know I what to think of it, there
are so many impostors and people who love to tell strange
stories, as this artist did, who had been a great rover, and
spoke ten different languages.

13th. I took leave of Mr. Waller who, having been
proscribed by the rebels, had obtained of them permission
to return, was going to England.

29th. Abundance of my French and English friends
and some Germans, came to take leave of me, and I set
out in a coach for Calais, in an exceeding hard frost which
had continued some time. We got that night to Beau-
mont ; 30th, to Beauvais ; 31st, we found the ways very
deep with snow, and it was exceeding cold ; dined at Pois ;
lay at Pernee, a miserable cottage of miserable people in a
wood, wholly unfurnished, but in a little time we had
sorry beds and some provision, which they told me they
hid in the wood for fear of the frontier enemy, the garri-
sons near them continually plundering what they had.
They were often infested with wolves. I cannot remember
that I ever saw more miserable creatures.

1st February. I dined at Abbeville; 2nd, dined at
Montreuil, lay at Boulogne ; 3rd, came to Calais, by eleven
in the morning; I thought to have embarked in the
evening, but, for fear of pirates plying near the coast, I
durst not trust our small vessel, and stayed till Monday
following, when two or three lusty vessels were to depart.

I brought with me from Paris Mr. Christopher Wase,
sometime before made to resign his fellowship in King's
College, Cambridge, because he would not take the Cove-
nant. He had been a soldier in Flanders, and came
miserable to Paris. From his excellent learning, and
some relation he had to Sir R. Browne, I bore his charges
into England, and clad and provided for him, till he

1652.] JOHN EVELYN. 275

should find some better condition ; and he was worthy of
it.* There came with us also Captain Griffith, Mr. Tyrell,
brother to Sir Timothy Tyrell, of Shotover (near Oxford).

At Calais, I dined with my Lord Wentworth, and met
with Mr. Heath, Sir Richard Lloyd, Captain Paine, and
divers of our banished friends, of whom understanding
that the Count de la Strade, Governor of Dunkirk, was in
the town, who had bought my wife's picture, taken 1 by
pirates at sea the year before (my wife having sent it for
me in England,) as my Lord of Norwich had informed
me at Paris, I made my address to him, who frankly told
me that he had such a picture in his own bed-chamber
amongst other ladies, and how he came by it; seeming
well pleased that it was his fortune to preserve it for me,
and he generously promised to send it to any friend I had

Online LibraryJohn EvelynDiary and correspondence, To which is subjoined the private correspondence between King Charles I. and Sir Edward Nicholas, and between Sir Edward Hyde, afterwards earl of Clarendon, and Sir Richard Browne (Volume 1) → online text (page 28 of 46)