John Evelyn.

Diary and correspondence, To which is subjoined the private correspondence between King Charles I. and Sir Edward Nicholas, and between Sir Edward Hyde, afterwards earl of Clarendon, and Sir Richard Browne (Volume 1) online

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planted in the ground, and secured in winter with a
wooden tabernacle and stoves. This seat is rarely watered,
lying low, and environed with good pastures. The pome-
granates bear here. To the house is also added a fine
park. Thence, to Carshalton, excellently watered, and
capable of being made a most delicious seat, being on the
sweet downs, and a champain about it full planted with
walnut and cherry-trees, which afford a considerable rent.

Riding over these downs, and discoursing with the
shepherds, I found that digging about the bottom near
Sir Christopher Buckle's,* near Banstead, divers medals

This house is not far from the course of the Roman road from Chichester,
through Sussex, passing through Ockley, and Dorking church-yard.
Considerable remains of a Roman building have been found on Walton-heath,
south of this house.



330 DIARY OF [LONDON,

have been found, both copper and silver, with foundations
of houses, urns, &c. Here, indeed, anciently stood a city
of the Romans. See Antonine's Itinerary.

29th. I returned home, after ten weeks' absence.

2nd October. I went to London, to receive the Holy
Sacrament.

On the 3rd, Dr. Wild preached in a private place
on Isaiah i. 4, showing the parallel betwixt the sins
of Israel and those of England. In the afternoon,
Mr. Hall (son to Joseph, Bishop of Norwich) on 1 Cor.
vi. 2, of the dignity of the Saints ; a most excellent dis-
course.

4th. I dined with the Holland Ambassador, at Derby
House : returning, I diverted to see a very white raven,
bred in Cumberland ; also a porcupine, of that kind that
shoots its quills, of which see Claudian ; it was headed like
a rat, the fore feet like a badger, the hind feet like a
bear.

19th. I was summoned to London, by the Commissioners
for new buildings; afterwards, to the Commission of Sewers;
but because there was an oath to be taken of fidelity to the
Government as now constituted without a King, I got to
be excused, and returned home.

22nd. Saw the superb funeral of the Protector. He
was carried from Somerset-House in a velvet bed of state,
drawn by six horses, housed with the same ; the pall held
by his new Lords ; Oliver lying in effigy, in royal robes,
and crowned with a crown, sceptre, and globe, like a king.
The pendants and guidons were carried by the officers of
the army ; the Imperial banners, achievements, &c. by the
heralds in their coats ; a rich caparisoned horse, embroi-
dered all over with gold ; a knight of honour, armed cap-
a-pie, and, after all, his guards, soldiers, and innumerable
mourners. In this equipage, they proceeded to Westmin-
ster : but it was the joyfullest funeral I ever saw ; for
there were none that cried but dogs, which the soldiers
hooted away with a barbarous noise, drinking and taking
tobacco in the streets as they went.

I returned not home till the 17th November.

I was summoned again to London by the Commissioners
for new foundations to be erected within such a distance
of London.



1659.] JOHN EVELYN. 331

6th December. Now was published my " French Gar-
dener/'* the first and best of the kind that introduced
the use of the Olitory garden to any purpose.

23rd. I went with my wife to keep Christmas at my
cousin, George Tuke's, at dressing Temple, in Essex. Lay
that night at Brentwood.

25th. Here was no public service, but what we privately
used. I blessed God for His mercies the year past ; and,
1st January, begged a continuance of them. Thus, for
three Sundays, by reason of the incumbent's death, here
was neither praying nor preaching, though there was a
chapel in the house.

1658-9. 17th January. Our old vicar preached, taking
leave of the parish in a pathetical speech, to go to a living
in the City.

24th March. I went to London, to speak to the patron,
Alderman Guttler, about presenting a fit pastor for our
destitute parish-church.

5th April. Came the Earl of Northampton and the
famous painter, Mr. Wright, f to visit me.

10th. One Mr. Littler, being now presented to the
living of our parish, preached on John vi. 55, a sermon
preparatory to the Holy Sacrament.

25th. A wonderful and sudden change in the face of
the public ; the new Protector, Richard, slighted ; several
pretenders and parties strive for the government : all
anarchy and confusion ; Lord have mercy on us !

5th May. I went to visit my brother in London; and,
next day, to see a new opera, J after the Italian way, in
recitative music and scenes, much inferior to the Italian
composure and magnificence ; but it was prodigious that
in a time of such public consternation such a vanity should
be kept up, or permitted. I, being engaged with company,
could not decently resist the going to see it, though my
heart smote me for it.

* The " Epistle Dedicatory to the French Gardener" is reprinted in " Mis-
cellaneous Writings," 4to., 1 825, p. 97.

f- Mr. Michael Wright, who painted the twelve Judges in Guildhall, after
the great fire. There is a long account of him in " Walpole's Anecdotes of
Painting." See more of him under October 1662.

J Probably, Sir William Davenant's Opera, in which the cruelty of the Spa-
niards in Peru was expressed by instrumental and vocal music, and by art of
perspective in scenes, 4to, 1658. See the u Biographia Dramatica."



332 DIARY OF [LONDON,

7th. Came the Ambassador of Holland and his Lady to
visit me, and staid the whole afternoon.

]2th. I returned the visit, discoursing much of the
revolutions, &c.

19th. Came to dine with me my Lord Galloway and
his son, a Scotch Lord and learned ; also my brother and
his Lady, Lord Berkeley and his Lady, Mrs. Shirley, and
the famous singer, Mrs. Knight,* and other friends.

23rd. I went to B/ookwood,f and dined with Sir William
Hicks, where was a great feast and much company. It is
a melancholy old house, environed with trees and rooks.

26th. Came to see me my Lord George Berkeley, Sir
William Ducie, and Sir George Pott's son of Norfolk.

29th. The nation was now in extreme confusion and
unsettled, between the Armies and the Sectaries, the poor
Church of England breathing as it were her last ; so sad a
face of things had overspread us.

7th June. To London, to take leave of my brother, and
see the foundations now laying for a long street and build-
ings in Hatton-Garden, designed for a little town, lately
an ample garden.

1st September. I communicated to Mr. Kobert Boyle,
son to the Earl of Cork, my proposal for erecting a philo-
sophic and mathematic college.

15th. Came to see me Mr. Brereton, a very learned
gentleman, son to my Lord Brereton, with his and divers
other ladies. Also, Henry Howard of Norfolk, since Duke
of Norfolk.

30th. I went to visit Sir William Ducie and Colonel
Blount, where I met Sir Henry Blount, the famous tra-
veller and water-drinker.

10th October. I came with my wife and family to

* Afterwards, one of Charles the Second's mistresses.

) This was a house in Lay ton, in Essex, better known by the name of Rock-
holt, or Ruckholt, built by Mr. Parvish, a former owner of the estate ; but a
new house was afterwards erected near the site of the former by the family
of Hicks, of whom William was created a baronet, in 1619. King Charles II.
was entertained here one day when he was hunting, and knighted William,
the son of the Baronet. Morant, in his " History of Essex," vol. I., p. 24,
printed 1768, speaks of the new house as baring been a beautiful one, pulled
down some years ago. Previously to this, it had been a place of public
entertainment in a morning, at which visitors were regaled with tea and
music, which is not mentioned by Morant.



1659.] JOHN EVELYN. 333

London : took lodgings at the Three Feathers, in Russell
Street, Covent Garden, for the winter, my son being very
unwell.

llth. Came to visit me Mr. William Coventry (since
Secretary to the Duke), son to the Lord Keeper, a wise
and witty gentleman.

The Army now turned out the Parliament. We had
now no government in the nation ; all in confusion ; no
magistrate, either owned or pretended, but the soldiers,
and they not agreed. God Almighty have mercy on, and
settle us !

17th. I visited Mr. Howard, at Arundel-house, who
gave me a fair onyx set in gold, and showed me his design
of a palace there.

21st. A private Fast was kept by the Church of Eng-
land Protestants in town, to beg of God the removal of
His judgments, with devout prayers for His mercy to our
calamitous Church.

7th November. Was published my bold " Apology for
the King" * in this time of danger, when it was capital
to speak or write in favour of him. It was twice printed;
so universally it took.

9th. We observed our solemn Fast for the calamity of
our Church.

12th. I went to see the several drugs for the confection
of treacle, dioscordium, and other electuaries, which an
ingenious apothecary had not only prepared and ranged
on a large and very long table, but covered every ingre-
dient with a sheet of paper, on which was very lively
painted the thing in miniature, well to the life, were it
plant, flower, animal, or other exotic drug.

15th. Dined with the Dutch Ambassador. He did in
a manner acknowledge that his nation mind only their
own profit, do nothing out of gratitude, but collaterally as
it relates to their gain, or security ; and therefore the Eng-
lish were to look for nothing of assistance to the banished
King. This was to me no very grateful discourse, though
an ingenuous confession.

18th. Mr. Gunning celebrated the wonted Fast, and
preached on Phil. ii. 12, 13.

24th. Sir John Evelyn [of Godstone] invited us to the

* Reprinted in Evelyn's "Miscellaneous Writings," 4to, 1 825, pp. 1 691 92.



334 DIARY OF [LONDON,

forty-first wedding-day feast, where was much company of
friends.

26th. I was introduced into the acquaintance of divers
learned and worthy persons, Sir John Marsham, Mr.
Dugdale, Mr. Stanley, and others.

9th December. I supped with Mr. Gunning, it being
our fast-day, Dr. Fearne, Mr. Thrisco, Mr. Chamberlain,
Dr. Henchman, Dr. Wild,* and other devout and learned
divines, firm confessors, and excellent persons. Note:
Most of them since made bishops.

10th. I treated privately with Colonel Morley,t then
Lieutenant of the Tower, and in great trust and power,
concerning delivering it to the King, and the bringing
of him in, to the great hazard of my Hfe, but the Colonel
had been my school-fellow, and I knew would not
betray me.

12th. I spent in public concerns for his Majesty, pur-
suing the point to bring over Colonel Morley, and his bro-
ther-in-law, Fay, Governor of Portsmouth.

18th. Preached that famous divine, Dr. Sanderson,
(since Bishop of Lincoln), now eighty years old, on
Jer. xxx. 13, concerning the evil of forsaking God.

29th. Came my Lord Count Arundel of Wardour, to
visit me. I went also to see my Lord Viscount Montague.

31st. Settling my domestic affairs in order, blessed God
for his infinite mercies and preservations the past year.

ANNUS MIRABILIS, 1659-60. January 1. Begging God's
blessings for the following year, I went to Exeter Chapel,
when Mr. Gunning began the year on Galatians iv. 8 7,
showing the love of Christ in shedding his blood so
early for us.

12th. Wrote to Colonel Morley again to declare for his
Majesty.

22nd. I went this afternoon to visit Colonel Morley.
After dinner, I discoursed with him; but he was very
jealous, and would not believe that Monk came in to do

* See p. 316. He was of St. John's College, Oxford, Chaplain to Arch-
bishop Laud, Vicar of St. Giles's, Reading. Adhering to the King, he
preached before the Parliament, at Oxford. After the Restoration, he was
made Bishop of Londonderry, in Ireland. He had kept up a religious meet-
ing for the Royalists, in Fleet Street. Wood's Athenee, vol. II., p. 251.

f* See the detailed account of Mr. Evelyn's communications with Colonel
Morley, in the Illustrations hereafter, No. II.



1660.] JOHN EVELYN. 335

the King any service ; I told him he might do it without
him, and have all the honour. He was still doubtful, and
would resolve on nothing yet, so I took leave.*

3rd February. Kept the Fast. General Monk came
now to London out of Scotland ; but no man knew what
he would do, or declare, yet he was met on his way by the
gentlemen of all the counties which he passed, with peti-
tions that he would recall the old long interrupted Parlia-
ment, and settle the nation in some order, being at this
time in most prodigious confusion, and under no govern-
ment, everybody expecting what would be next, and what
he would do.

10th. Now were the gates of the city broken down by
General Monk ; which exceedingly exasperated the city,
the soldiers marching up and down as triumphing over it,
and all the old army of the fanatics put out of their posts,
and sent out of town.

llth. A signal day. Monk, perceiving how infamous
and wretched a pack of knaves would have still usurped
the supreme power, and having intelligence that they
intended to take away his commission, repenting of what
he had done to the city, and where he and his forces were
quartered, marches to Whitehall, dissipates that nest of
robbers, and convenes the old Parliament, the Rump
Parliament (so called as retaining some few rotten mem-
bers of the other) being dissolved; and for joy whereof
were many thousand of rumps roasted publicly in the
streets at the bonfires this night, f with ringing of bells,
and universal jubilee. This was the first good omen.

From 17th February to 5th April, I was detained in bed
with a kind of double tertian, the cruel effects of the
spleen and other distempers, in that extremity that my
physicians, Drs. Wetherborn, Needham, and Claude, were
in great doubt of my recovery; but it pleased God to
deliver me out of this affliction, for which I render him
hearty thanks ; going to church the 8th, and receiving the
blessed Eucharist.

During this sickness, came divers of my relations and
friends to visit me, and it retarded my going into the
country longer than I intended; however, I writ and

See Note in the preceding page.

f- Pamphlets with cuts representing this, were printed at the time.



336 DIARY OP [LONDON,

printed a letter, in defence of his Majesty,* against a
wicked forged Paper, pretended to be sent from Brussels
to defame his Majesty's person and virtues, and render
him odious, now when everybody was in hope and expec-
tation of the General and Parliament recalling him, and
establishing the Government on its ancient and right
basis. The doing this towards the decline of my sickness,
and sitting up long in my bed, had caused a small relapse,
out of which it yet pleased God also to free me, so as by
the 14th I was able to go into the country, which I did to
my sweet and native air at Wotton.

3rd May. Came the most happy tidings of his Majesty's
gracious declaration and applications to the Parliament,
General, and People, and their dutiful acceptance and
acknowledgment, after a most bloody and unreasonable
rebellion of near twenty years. Praised be for ever the
Lord of Heaven, who only doeth wondrous things, because
His mercy endureth for ever !

8th. This day was his Majesty proclaimed in Lon-
don, &c.

9th. I was desired and designed to accompany my
Lord Berkeley with the public Address of the Parliament,
General, &c. to the King, and invite him to come over
and assume his Kingly Government, he being now at
Breda ; but I was yet so weak, I could not make that
journey by sea, which was not a little to my detriment, so
I went to London to excuse myself, returning the 10th,
having yet received a gracious message from his Majesty
by Major Scot and Colonel Tuke.

24th. Came to me Colonel Morley, about procuring his
pardon, now too late, seeing his error and neglect of the
counsel I gave him, by which, if he had taken it, he had
certainly done the great work with the same ease that
Monk did it, who was then in Scotland, and Morley in a
post to have done what he pleased, but his jealousy and
fear kept him from that blessing and honour. I addressed
him to Lord Mordaunt, then in great favour, for his par-
don, which he obtained at the cost of 1000/., as I heard.
O the sottish omission of this gentleman ! what did I not

* The title of it is, " The late News, or Message from Brussels, unmasked."
This, and the pamphlet which gave occasion for it, are reprinted in Evelyn's
Miscellaneous Writings," 4to, 1825, pp. 193204.



1660.] JOHN EVELYN. 337

undergo of danger in this negociation, to have brought
him over to his Majesty's interest, when it was entirely in
his hands !

29th. This day, his Majesty Charles the Second came to
London, after a sad and long exile and calamitous suffer-
ing both of the King and Church, being seventeen years.
This was also his birth-day, and with a triumph of above
20,000 horse and foot, brandishing their swords, and shout-
ing, with inexpressible joy; the ways strewed with flowers,
the bells ringing, the streets hung with tapestry, fountains
running with wine; the Mayor, Aldermen, and all the
Companies, in their liveries, chains of gold, and banners ;
Lords and Nobles, clad in cloth of silver, gold, and velvet ;
the windows and balconies, all set with ladies ; trumpets,
music, and myriads of people flocking, even so far as
from Rochester, so as they were seven hours in passing
the city, even from two in the afternoon till nine at night.

I stood in the Strand and beheld it, and blessed God.
And all this was done without one drop of blood shed,
and by that very army which rebelled against him ; but it
was the Lord's doing, for such a restoration was never
mentioned in any history, ancient or modern, since the
return of the Jews from the Babylonish captivity ; nor so
joyful a day and so bright ever seen in this nation, this
happening when to expect or effect it was past all human
policy.

4th June. I received letters of Sir Richard Browne's
landing at Dover, and also letters from the Queen, which
I was to deliver at Whitehall, not as yet presenting my-
self to his Majesty, by reason of the infinite concourse of"
people. The eagerness of men, women, and children, to
see his Majesty, and kiss his hands, was so great, that he
had scarce leisure to eat for some days, coming as they
did from all parts of the nation ; and the King^ being as
willing to give them that satisfaction, would have none
kept out, but gave free access to all sorts of people.

Addressing myself to the Duke, I was carried to his-
Majesty, when very few noblemen were with him, and
kissed his hands, being very graciously received. I then
returned home, to meet Sir Richard Browne, who came
not till the 8th, after nineteen years exile, during all which
time he kept up in his chapel the liturgy and offices of the

VOL. i. z



338 DIARY OF [LONDON,

Church of England, to his no small honour, and in a time
when it was so low, and as many thought utterly lost, that
in various controversies both with Papists and Sectaries,
our divines used to argue for the visibility of the Church,
from his chapel and congregation.

I was all this week to and fro at Court, about business.

16th. The French, Italian, and Dutch Ministers, came
to make their address to his Majesty, one Monsieur Stoope
pronouncing the harangue with great eloquence.

18th. I proposed the embassy of Constantinople for
Mr. Henshaw ; but my Lord Winchelsea struck in.*

Goods that had been pillaged from Whitehall during the
Rebellion, were now daily brought in, and restored upon
proclamation ; as plate, hangings, pictures, &c.

21st. The Warwickshire gentlemen (as did all the shires
and chief towns in all the three nations) presented their
congratulatory Address. It was carried by my Lord
Northampton.

30th. The Sussex gentlemen presented their Address,
to which was my hand. I went with it, and kissed his
Majesty' s hand, who was pleased to own me more particu-
larly by calling me his old acquaintance, and speaking very
graciously to me.

3rd July. I went to Hyde-park, where was his Majesty,
and abundance of gallantry.

4th. I heard Sir Samuel Tuke harangue to the House
of Lords, in behalf of the Roman Catholics, and his ac-
count of the transaction at Colchester in murdering Lord
Capel, and the rest of those brave men that suffered in
cold blood, after articles of rendition.

5th. I saw his Majesty go with as much pomp and
splendour as any earthly prince could do to the great City
feast, the first they had invited him to since his return ;
but the exceeding rain which fell all that day much eclipsed
its lustres. This was at Guildhall, and there was also all
the Parliament-men, both Lords and Commons. The
streets were adorned with pageants, at immense cost.

6th. His Majesty began first to touch for the evil,

* It was on his return from this embassy that his Lordship, visiting Sicily,
was an eye-witness of the dreadful eruption of Mount Etna, in 1669, a short
account of which was afterwards published in a small pamphlet, with a cut by
Hollar, of the mountain, &c.



1660.] JOHN EVELYN. 339

according to custom, thus : his Majesty sitting under his
state in the Banqueting-house, the chirurgeons cause the
sick to be brought, or led, up to the throne, where they
kneeling, the King strokes their faces, or cheeks, with both
his hands at once, at which instant a chaplain in his for-
malities says, " He put his hands upon them, and he
healed them." This is said to every one in particular.
When they have been all touched, they come up again in
the same order, and the other chaplain kneeling, and hav-
ing angel gold* strung on white ribbon 011 his arm, delivers
them one by one to his Majesty, who puts them about the
necks of the touched as they pass, whilst the first chaplain
repeats, " That is the true light who came into the world."
Then follows, an epistle (as at first a Gospel) with the
Liturgy, prayers for the sick, with some alteration; lastly,
the blessing; and then the Lord Chamberlain and the
Comptroller of the Household bring a basin, ewer and
towel, for his Majesty to wash.

The King received a congratulatory address from the
city of Cologne, in Germany, where he- had been some
time in his exile ; his Majesty saying they were the best
people in the world, the most kind and worthy to him that
he ever met with.

I recommended Monsieur Messeray to be Judge Advo-
cate in Jersey, by the Vice-Chamberlain's mediation with
the Earl of St. Alban's; and saluted my excellent and
worthy noble friend, my Lord Ossory, son to the Marquis
of Ormond, after many years' absence returned home.

8th. Mr. Henchman preached on Ephes. v. 5, concern-
ing Christian circumspection. From henceforth, was the
Liturgy publicly used in our churches, whence it had been
for so many years banished.

15th. Came Sir George Carteret and Lady, to visit us :
he was now Treasurer of the Navy.

28th. I heard his Majesty's speech in the Lords' House,
on passing the Bills of Tonnage and Poundage ; restoration
of my Lord Ormond to his estate in Ireland ; concerning
the Commission of Sewers, and continuance of the Excise.
In the afternoon, I saluted my old friend, the Archbishop
of Armagh, formerly of Londonderry (Dr. Bramhall). He
presented several Irish divines to be promoted as Bishops

* Pieces of money, so called from having the figure of an angel on them.



g},0 DIARY OF [LONDON,

in that kingdom, most of the Bishops in the three kingdom*
being now almost worn out, and the sees vacant.

31st. I went to visit Sir Philip Warwick, now Secretary
to the Lord Treasurer, at his house in North Cray.

19th August. Our Vicar read the Thirty-nine Articles to
the congregation, the national assemblies beginning now to
settle, and wanting instruction.

23rd. Came Duke Hamilton, Lord Lothian, and several
Scottish Lords, to see my garden.

25th. Colonel Spencer, Colonel of a regiment of horse
in our county of Kent, sent to me, and entreated that I
would take a commission for a troop of horse, and that I
would nominate my Lieutenant and Ensigns ; I thanked
him for the honour intended me ; but would by no means-
undertake the trouble.

4th September. I was invited to an ordination by the
Bishop of Bangor, in Henry VII/s Chapel, Westminster,
and afterwards saw the audience of an Envoyee from the
Duke of Anjou, sent to compliment his Majesty's return.

5th. Came to visit and dine with me the Envoyee of the
King of Poland, and Resident of the King of Denmark, &c.

7th. I went to Chelsea, to visit Mr. Boyle, and see his
pneumatic engine perform divers experiments. Thence, to
Kensington, to visit Mr. Henshaw, returning home that



Online LibraryJohn EvelynDiary and correspondence, To which is subjoined the private correspondence between King Charles I. and Sir Edward Nicholas, and between Sir Edward Hyde, afterwards earl of Clarendon, and Sir Richard Browne (Volume 1) → online text (page 34 of 46)