John Evelyn.

Diary and correspondence, To which is subjoined the private correspondence between King Charles I. and Sir Edward Nicholas, and between Sir Edward Hyde, afterwards earl of Clarendon, and Sir Richard Browne (Volume 1) online

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Online LibraryJohn EvelynDiary and correspondence, To which is subjoined the private correspondence between King Charles I. and Sir Edward Nicholas, and between Sir Edward Hyde, afterwards earl of Clarendon, and Sir Richard Browne (Volume 1) → online text (page 35 of 46)
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evening.

13th. I saw in Southwark, at St. Margaret's fair,
monkeys and apes dance, and do other feats of activity, on
the high rope ; they were gallantly clad d la monde, went
upright, saluted the company, bowing and pulling off their
hats ; they saluted one another with as good a grace, as if
instructed by a dancing-master; they turned heels over
head with a basket having eggs in it, without breaking
any; also, with lighted candles in their hands, and on their
heads, without extinguishing them,andwith vessels of water
without spilling a drop. I also saw an Italian wench dance,
and perform all the tricks on the high rope, to admiration ;
all the Court went to see her. Likewise, here was a man
who took up a piece of iron cannon of about 400 Ib. weight
with the hair of his head only.

17th. Went to London, to see the splendid entry of the
Prince de Ligne, Ambassador extraordinary from Spain ;
he was General of the Spanish King's horse in Flanders,



1660.] JOHN EVELYN. 341

and was accompanied with divers great persons from thence,
and an innumerable retinue. His train consisted of seven-
teen coaches, with six horses of his own, besides a great
number of English, &c. Greater bravery had I never seen.
He was received in the Banqueting House in exceeding
state, all the great officers of Court attending.

13th. In the midst of all this joy and jubilee, the Duke
of Gloucester died of the small-pox, in the prime of youth,
and a prince of extraordinary hopes.

27th. The King received the merchants' addresses in
his closet, giving them assurances of his persisting to keep
Jamaica, choosing Sir Edward Massey, Governor. In the
afternoon, the Danish Ambassador's condolences were pre-
sented, on the death of the Duke of Gloucester. This
evening, I saw the Princess Royal, mother to the Prince of
Orange, now come out of Holland in a fatal period.

6th October. I paid the great tax of poll-money, levied
for disbanding the army, till now kept up. I paid as an
Esquire 10/., and one shilling for every servant in my
house.

7th. There dined with me a French Count, with Sir
George Tuke, who came to take leave of me, being sent
over to the Queen-Mother, to break the marriage of the
Duke with the daughter of Chancellor Hyde. The Queen
would fain have undone it, but it seems matters were
reconciled on great offers of the Chancellor's to befriend
the Queen, who was much in debt, and was now to have
the settlement of her affairs go through his hands.

llth. The regicides who sat on the life of our late King,
were brought to trial in the Old Bailey, before a commission
of Oyer and Terminer.

14th. Axtall, Carew, Clement, Hacker, Hewson, and
Peters, were executed.

17th. Scot, Scroope, Cook, and Jones, suffered for
reward of their iniquities at Charing Cross, in sight of the
place where they put to death their natural Prince, and in
the presence of the King his son, whom they also sought
to kill. I saw not their execution, but met their quarters,
mangled, and cut, and reeking, as they were brought from
the gallows in baskets on the hurdle. Oh, the miraculous
providence of God !

28th. His Majesty went to meet the Queen-Mother.



342 DIARY OF [LONDON,

29th. Going to London, my Lord Mayor's show stopped
me in Cheapside ; one of the pageants represented a great
wood, with the royal oak, and history of his Majesty's
miraculous escape, at Boscobel.

31st. Arrived now to my fortieth year, I rendered to
Almighty God my due and hearty thanks.

1st' November. I went with some of my relations to
Court, to show them his Majesty's cabinet and closet of
rarities ; the rare miniatures of Peter Oliver, after Raphael,
Titian, and other masters, which I infinitely esteem ; also,
that large piece of the Duchess of Lennox, done in enamel,
by Petitot, and a vast number of agates, onyxes, and
intaglios, especially a medallion of Caesar, as broad as my
hand ; likewise, rare cabinets of pietra-commessa ; a land-
scape of needlework, formerly presented by the Dutch to
King Charles the First. Here I saw a vast book of maps,
in a volume near four yards large ; a curious ship model ;
and, amongst the clocks, one that showed the rising and
setting of the sun in the zodiac; the sun represented by a face
and rays of gold, upon an azure sky, observing the diurnal
and annual motion, rising and setting behind a landscape
of hills, the work of our famous Fromantil ; and several
other rarities.

3rd. Arrived the Queen-Mother in England, whence
she had been banished almost twenty years ; together with
her illustrious daughter, the Princess Henrietta, divers
Princes and Noblemen, accompanying them.

15th. I kissed the Queen-Mother's hand.

20th. I dined at the Clerk Comptroller's of the Green
Cloth, being the first day of the re-establishment of the
Court diet, and settling of his Majesty's household.

23rd. Being this day in the bedchamber of the Princess
Henrietta, where were many great beauties and noblemen,
I saluted divers of my old friends and acquaintances abroad;
his Majesty carrying my Wife to salute the Queen and
Princess, and then led her into his closet, and with his own
hands showed her divers curiosities.

25th. Dr. Rainbow preached before the King, on Luke,
ii. 14, of the glory to be given God for all His mercies,
especially for restoring the Church and government ; now
the service was performed with music, voices, &c., as
formerly.



1660.] JOHN EVELYN. 343

27th. Came down the Clerk Comptroller [of the Green
Cloth] hy the Lord Steward's appointment, to survey the
land at Sayes Court, on which I had pretence, and to make
his report.*

6th December. I waited on my Brother and Sister
Evelyn to Court. Now were presented to his Majesty
those two rare pieces of drollery, or rather a Dutch Kitchen,
painted by Dowe, so finely as hardly to be distinguished
from enamel. I was also showed divers rich jewels and
crystal vases ; the rare head of Jo. Bellino, Titian's master;
Christ in the Garden, by Hannibal Caracci ; two incom-
parable heads, by Holbein; the Queen-Mother in aminiature,
almost as big as the life ; an exquisite piece of carving ;
two unicorn's horns, &c. This in the closet.

13th. I presented my Son, John, to the Queen-Mother,
who kissed him, talked with and made extraordinary much
of him.

14th. I visited my Lady Chancellor, the Marchioness of
Ormond, and Countess of Guildford, all of whom we had
known abroad in exile.

18th. I carried Mr. Spellman, a most ingenious
gentleman, grandchild to the learned Sir Henry, to my
Lord Mordaunt, to whom I had recommended him as
Secretary.

21st. This day died the Princess of Orange, of the small-
pox, which entirely altered the face and gallantry of the
whole Court.

22nd. The marriage of the Chancellor's daughter being
now newly owned, I went to see her, she being Sir Richard
Browne's intimate acquaintance when she waited on the
Princess of Orange; she was now at her father's, at
Worcester-House, in the Strand. We all kissed her hand,
as did also my Lord Chamberlain (Manchester) and
Countess of Northumberland. This was a strange change
can it succeed well? I spent the evening at St.
James's, whither the Princess Henrietta was retired
during the fatal sickness of her sister, the Princess of

* The King's Household used to be supplied with corn and cattle from the
different counties : and, oxen being sent up, pasture-grounds of the King, near
town, were allotted for them : amongst these, were lands at Deptford and
Tottenham-Court, which were under the direction of the Lord Steward and
Board of Green Cloth. Sir Richard Browne had the keeping of the lands at
Deptford.



344 DIARY OF [LONDON,

Orange, now come over to salute the King her brother.
The Princess gave ray Wife an extraordinary^compliment
and gracious acceptance, for the "Character"* she had
presented her the day before, and which was afterwards
printed.

25th. Preached at the Abbey, Dr. Earle, Clerk of his
Majesty's Closet, and my dear friend, now Dean of West-
minster, on Luke ii. 13, 14, condoling the breach made in
the public joy by the lamented death of the Princess.

30th. I dined at Court with Mr. Crane, Clerk of the
Green Cloth.

31st. I gave God thanks for his many signal mercies to
myself, church, and nation, this wonderful year.

1660-1. 2nd January. The Queen-Mother, with the
Princess Henrietta, began her journey to Portsmouth, in
order to her return into France.

5th. I visited my Lord Chancellor Clarendon, with whom
I had been well acquainted abroad.

6th. Dr. Allestree preached at the Abbey, after which
four Bishops were consecrated, Hereford, Norwich, ....

This night was suppressed a bloody insurrection of some
Fifth-Monarchy enthusiasts. Some of them were examined
at the Council the next day; but could say nothing to
extenuate their madness and unwarrantable zeal.

I was now chosen (and nominated by his Majesty for
one of the Council) by suffrage of the rest of the Members,
a Fellow of the Philosophic Society now meeting at
Gresham College, where was an assembly of divers learned
gentlemen. This being the first meeting since the King's
return ; but it had been begun some years before at Oxford,
and was continued with interruption here in London during
the Rebellion.

There was another rising of the fanatics, in which some
were slain.

16th. I went to the Philosophic Club, where was examined
the Torricellian experiment. I presented my Circle of
Mechanical Trades, and had recommended to me the
publishing what I had written of Chalcography, f

25th. After divers years since I had seen any play, I

* " A Character of England," reprinted in Evelyn's " Miscellaneous
Writings," 4to, 1825, pp. 141167.

f See hereafter, under June 10th, 1C62.



1661.] JOHN EVELYN. 345

went to see acted " The Scornful Lady," at a new theatre
in Lincoln's-Inn-Fields.

30th. Was the first solemn fast and day of humiliation
to deplore the sins which so long had provoked God against
this afflicted church and people, ordered by Parliament to
he annually celebrated to expiate the guilt of the execrable
murder of the late King.

This day (O the stupendous and inscrutable judgments
of God !) were the carcases of those arch-rebels, Cromwell,
Bradshawe, (the judge who condemned his Majesty), and
Ireton (son-in-law to the Usurper), dragged out of their
superb tombs in Westminster among the Kings, to Tyburn,
and hanged on the gallows there from nine in the morning
till six at night, and then buried under that fatal and
ignominious monument in a deep pit ; thousands of people
who had seen them in all their pride being spectators. Look
back at October 22, 1658,* [Oliver's funeral], and be asto-
nished ! and fear God and honour the King ; but meddle
not with them who are given to change !

6th February. To London, to our Society, where I gave
notice of the visit of the Danish Ambassador-Extraordinary,
and was ordered to return him their acceptance of that
honour, and to invite him the next meeting day.

10th. Dr. Baldero preached at Ely-House, on Matthew
vi., 33, of seeking early the kingdom of God; after
sermon, the Bishop (Dr. Wren) gave us the blessing, very
pontifically.

13th. I conducted the Danish Ambassador to our meeting
at Gresham College, where were showed him various
experiments in vacuo, and other curiosities.

21st. Prince Rupert first showed me how to grave in
mezzo Unto.

26th. I went to Lord Mordaunt's, at Parson's Green.f

27th. Ash- Wednesday. Preached before the King the
Bishop of London (Dr. Sheldon) on Matthew xviii. 25,
concerning charity and forgiveness.

8th. March. I went to my Lord Chancellor's, and

* P. 330.

f This house remained in the family till 37.., when the Earl of Peter-
borough sold it to Mr. Heaviside, who a few years after sold it to Mr.
Merrick, an army agent ; he pulled down the old house, and built that now
standing there.



346 DIARY OF [LONDON,

delivered to him the state of my concernment at Saves
Court.

9th. I went with that excellent person and philosopher,
Sir Robert Murray, to visit Mr. Boyle at Chelsea, and saw
divers effects of the eolipile for weighing air.

13th. I went to Lambeth, with Sir R. Browne's pretence
to the Wardenship of Merton College, Oxford, to which, as
having been about forty years before a student of that
House, he was elected by the votes of every Fellow except
one : but the statutes of the House being so that, unless
every Fellow agree, the election devolves to the Visitor,
who is the Archbishop of Canterbury (Dr. Juxon), his
Grace gave his nomination to Sir T. Clayton, resident
there, and the Physic Professor ; for which I was not at all
displeased, because, though Sir Richard missed it by much
ingratitude and wrong of the Archbishop (Clayton being
no Fellow), yet it would have hindered Sir Richard from
attending at Court to settle his greater concerns, and so
have prejudiced me, though he was much inclined to have
passed his time in a collegiate life, very unfit for him at
that time, for many reasons. So I took leave of his
Grace, who was formerly Lord Treasurer in the reign of
Charles I.

This afternoon, Prince Rupert showed me, with his own
hands, the new way of graving, called mezzo tinto, which
afterwards, by his permission, I published in my " History
of Chalcography;"* this set so many artists on work, that
they soon arrived to the perfection it is since come to,
emulating the tenderest miniatures.

Our Society now gave in my relation of the Peak of
Teneriffe, in the Great Canaries, to be added to more
queries concerning divers natural things reported of that
island.

I returned home with my Cousin, Tuke, now going for
France, as sent by his Majesty to condole the death of that
great Minister and politician, Cardinal Mazarine.

29th. Dr. Heylin (author of the Geography) preached
at the Abbey, on Cant. v. 25, concerning friendship and
charity ; he was, I think, at this time quite dark, and so
had been for some years.

31st. This night, his Majesty promised to make my Wife

See hereafter, under June 10, 1662.



1661.] JOHN EVELYN. 347

Lady of the Jewels (a very honourable charge) to the future
Queen (but which he never performed).

1st April. I dined with that great mathematician and
virtuoso, Monsieur Zulichem,* inventor of the pendule
clock, and discoverer of the phenomenon of Saturn's
annulus : he was elected into our Society.

19th. To London, and saw the bathing and rest of the
ceremonies of the Knights of the Bath, preparatory to the
coronation ; it was in the Painted Chamber, Westminster.
I might have received this honour ; but declined it. The
rest of the ceremony was in the chapel at Whitehall, when
their swords being laid on the altar, the Bishop delivered
them.

22nd. Was the splendid cavalcade of his Majesty from
the Tower of London to Whitehall, when I saw him in
the Banquetting House create six Earls, and as many
Barons, viz.

Edward Lord Hyde,f Lord Chancellor, Earl of Claren-
don; supported by the Earls of Northumberland and
Sussex ; the Earl of Bedford, carried the cap and coronet,
the Earl of Warwick, the sword, the Earl of Newport, the
mantle.

Next, was Capel, created Earl of Essex ;

Brudenell, . . . Cardigan;

Valentia, .... Anglesea;

Greenvill, .... Bath; and

Howard, Earl of Carlisle.

The Barons were : Denzill Holies ; Cornwallis ; Booth ;
Townsend ; Cooper ; Crew ; who were all led up by several
Peers, with Garter and officers of arms before them ; when,
after obedience on their several approaches to the throne,
their patents were presented by Garter King-at-Arms,

See hereafter, under July, 1664.

t In 1656, or 1657, attempts were made to remove the Chancellor (Hyde),
by accusing him of betraying his Majesty's Counsels, and holding correspond-
ence with Cromwell ; but these allegations were so trivial and frivolous, that
they manifestly appeared to be nothing but the effects of malice against him,
and therefore produced the contrary effects to those which some desired, and
strengthened the King's kindness to him ; as giving him just occasion to
believe that these suggestions against him proceeded all from one and the
same cause, namely, from the ambition which some people had to enter in his
room into the first trust of his Majesty's affairs, if once they could remove
him from his station. Life of King James II., from his own papers, 1816,
vol. I., p. 274.



348 DIARY OF [LONDON,

which being received by the Lord Chamberlain, and
delivered to his Majesty, and by him to the Secretary
of State, were read, and then again delivered to his
Majesty, and by him to the several Lords created; they
were then robed, their coronets and collars put on by his
Majesty, and they were placed in rank on both sides the
state and throne ; but the Barons put off their caps and
circles, and held them in their hands, the Earls keeping on
their coronets, as cousins to the King.

I spent the rest of the evening in seeing the several
arch-triumphals built in the streets at several eminent
places through which his Majesty was next day to pass,
some of which, though temporary, and to stand but one
year, were of good invention and architecture, with
inscriptions.

23rd. Was the Coronation of his Majesty Charles the
Second in the Abbey-Church of Westminster ; at all which
ceremony I was present. The King and his Nobility went
to the Tower, I accompanying my Lord Viscount Mordaunt
part of the way ; this was on Sunday, the 22nd ; but indeed
his Majesty went not till early this morning, and proceeded
from thence to Westminster, in this order :*

First, went the Duke of York's Horse Guards. Mes-
sengers of the Chamber. 136 Esquires to the Knights
of the Bath, each of whom had two, most richly habited.
The Knight Harbinger. Serjeant Porter. Sewers of the
Chamber. Quarter Waiters. Six Clerks of Chancery.
Clerk of the Signet. Clerk of the Privy Seal. Clerks of
the Council, of the Parliament, and of the Crown. Chap-
lains in ordinary having dignities, 10. King's Advocates and
Remembrancer. Council at Law. Masters of the Chan-
cery. Puisne Serjeants. King's Attorney and Solicitor.
King's eldest Serjeant. Secretaries of the French and
Latin tongue. Gentlemen Ushers, Daily Waiters, Sewers,
Carvers, and Cupbearers in ordinary. Esquires of the
Body, 4. Masters of standing offices, being no Coun-
sellors, viz., of the Tents, Revels,, Ceremonies, Armoury,
Wardrobe, Ordnance, Requests. Chamberlain of the
Exchequer. Barons of the Exchequer. Judges. Lord Chief-

* There is a full account of this ceremony, with fine sculptures, in a folio
volume, published by John Ogilby, 1662. " A circumstantial Account of the
Coronation," by Sir E. Walker, Garter, was published in 1820.



1661.] JOHN EVELYN. 349

Baron. Lord Chief- Justice of the Common Pleas. Master
of the Rolls. Lord Chief-Justice of England. Trumpets.
Gentlemen of the Privy Chamber. Knights of the Bath,
68, in crimson robes, exceeding rich, and the noblest show
of the whole cavalcade, his Majesty excepted. Knight
Marshal. Treasurer of the Chamber. Master of the
Jewels. Lords of the Privy Council. Comptroller of the
Household. Treasurer of the Household. Trumpets.
Serjeant Trumpet. Two Pursuivants at Arms. Barons.
Two Pursuivants at Arms. Viscounts. Two Heralds.
Earls. Lord Chamberlain of the Household. Two He-
ralds. Marquises. Dukes. Heralds Clarencieux and Nor-
roy. Lord Chancellor. Lord High Steward of England.
Two persons representing the Dukes of Normandy and
Acquitaine, viz., Sir Richard Fanshawe and Sir Herbert
Price, in fantastic habits of the time. Gentlemen Ushers.
Garter. Lord Mayor of London. The Duke of York
alone (the rest by two's). Lord High Constable of
England. Lord Great Chamberlain of England. The
sword borne by the Earl Marshal of England. The KING,
in royal robes and equipage. Afterwards, followed equer-
ries, footmen, gentlemen pensioners. Master of the Horse,
leading a horse richly caparisoned. Vice-Chamberlain.
Captain of the Pensioners. Captain of the Guard. The
Guard. The Horse- Guard. The troop of Volunteers,
with many other officers and gentlemen.

This magnificent train on horseback, as rich as em-
broidery, velvet, cloth of gold and silver, and jewels, could
make them and their prancing horses, proceeded through
the streets strewed with flowers, houses hung with rich
tapestry, windows and balconies full of ladies ; the London
militia lining the ways, and the several companies, with
their banners and loud music, ranked in their orders ; the
fountains running wine, bells ringing, with speeches made
at the several triumphal arches ; at that of the Temple
Bar (near which I stood) the Lord Mayor was received by
the Bailiff of Westminster, who, in a scarlet robe, made a
speech. Thence, with joyful acclamations, his Majesty
passed to Whitehall. Bonfires at njght.

The next day, being St. George's, he went by water to
Westminster Abbey. When his Majesty was entered, the
Dean and Prebendaries brought all the regalia, and



350 DIARY OF [LONDON,

delivered them to several noblemen to bear before the
King, who met them at the west door of the church,
singing an anthem, to the choir. Then, came the peers, in
their robes, and coronets in their hands, till his Majesty
was placed on a throne elevated before the altar. After-
wards, the Bishop of London (the Archbishop of Canterbury
being sick) went to every side of the throne to present the
King to the people, asking if they would have him for
their King, and do him homage ; at this, they shouted four
times " God save King Charles the Second ! " Then, an
anthem was sung. His Majesty, attended by three Bishops,
went up to the altar, and he offered a pall and a pound of
gold. Afterwards, he sate down in another chair during
the sermon, which was preached by Dr. Morley, Bishop of
Worcester.

After sermon, the King took his oath before the altar
to maintain the religion, Magna Charta, and laws of the
land. The hymn Veni S. Sp. followed, and then the
Litany by two Bishops. Then, the Archbishop of Canter-
bury, present but much indisposed and weak, said " Lift
up your hearts ; " at which, the King rose up, and put off
his robes and upper garments, and was in a waistcoat so
opened in divers places, that the Archbishop might com-
modiously anoint him, first in the palms of his hands,
when an anthem was sung, and a prayer read ; then, his
breast and betwixt the shoulders, bending of both arms; and,
lastly, on the crown of the head, with apposite hymns and
prayers at each anointing ; this done, the Dean closed and
buttoned up the waistcoat. After which, was a coif put
on, and the cobbium, sindon or dalmatic, and over this a
super-tunic of cloth of gold, with buskins and sandals of
the same, spurs, and the sword ; a prayer being first said
over it by the Archbishop on the altar, before it was girt
on by the Lord Chamberlain. Then, the armill, mantle, &c.
Then, the Archbishop placed the crown-imperial on the
altar, prayed over it, and set it on his Majesty's head, at
which all the Peers put on their coronets. Anthems, and
rare music, with lutes, viols, trumpets, organs, and voices,
were then heard, and the Archbishop put a ring on his
Majesty's finger. The King next offered his sword on the
altar, which being redeemed, was drawn, and borne before
him. Then, the Archbishop delivered him the sceptre, with



1661.] JOHN EVELYN. 351

the dove in one hand, and, in the other, the sceptre with
the globe. The King kneeling, the Archbishop pronounced
the blessing. His Majesty then ascending again his royal
throne, whilst Te Deum was singing, all the Peers did their
homage, by every one touching his crown. The Arch-
bishop, and the rest of the Bishops, first kissing the King ;
who received the Holy Sacrament, and so disrobed, yet
with the crown-imperial on his head, and accompanied
with all the nobility in the former order, he went on foot
upon blue cloth, which was spread and reached from the
west door of the Abbey to Westminster stairs, when he
took water in a triumphal barge to Whitehall, where was
extraordinary feasting.

24th. I presented his Majesty with his " Panegyric " *
in the Privy Chamber, which he was pleased to accept
most graciously ; I gave copies to the Lord Chancellor,
and most of the noblemen who came to me for it. I dined
at the Marquis of Ormondes, where was a magnificent feast,
and many great persons.

1st May. I went to Hyde Park to take the air, where
was his Majesty and an innumerable appearance of gal-
lants and rich coaches, being now a time of universal
festivity and joy.

2nd. I had audience of my Lord Chancellor about my



Online LibraryJohn EvelynDiary and correspondence, To which is subjoined the private correspondence between King Charles I. and Sir Edward Nicholas, and between Sir Edward Hyde, afterwards earl of Clarendon, and Sir Richard Browne (Volume 1) → online text (page 35 of 46)