John Evelyn.

Diary and correspondence, To which is subjoined the private correspondence between King Charles I. and Sir Edward Nicholas, and between Sir Edward Hyde, afterwards earl of Clarendon, and Sir Richard Browne (Volume 1) online

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altar-wise, with a decent rail in front, as before the

17th. The young Marquis of Argyle, whose turbulent
father was executed in Scotland, came to see my garden.
He seemed a man of parts.

7th May. I waited on Prince Rupert to our Assembly,
where were tried several experiments in Mr. Boyle's vacuum.
A man thrusting in his arm, upon exhaustion of the air,
had his flesh immediately swelled so as the blood was near
bursting the veins: he, drawing it out, we found it all

14th. To London, being chosen one of the Commis-
sioners for reforming the buildings, ways, streets, and
incumbrances, and regulating the hackney coaches in the

new house there, burnt down many years since. The property now belongs
to Earl Spencer, who has built a smaller honse. There are two scarce and
curious views of the old house, engraved by Winstanley.

* Elizabeth, Electress Palatine, daughter of James I., a woman of excellent
understanding, and most amiable disposition.

1662.] JOHN EVELYN. 363

City of London, taking my oath before my Lord Chan-
cellor, and then went to his Majesty's Surveyor's Office, in
Scotland- Yard, about naming and establishing officers,
adjourning till the 16th, when I went to view how St.
Martin's Lane might be made more passable into the
Strand. There were divers gentlemen of quality in this

25th. I went this evening to London, in order to our
journey to Hampton Court, to see the new Queen, who,
having landed at Portsmouth, had been married to the
King a week before by the Bishop of London.

30th. The Queen arrived with a train of Portuguese
ladies in their monstrous fardingales, or guard-infantes,
their complexions olivader * and sufficiently unagreeable.
Her Majesty in the same habit, her fore-top long and
turned aside very strangely. She was yet of the hand-
somest countenance of all the rest, and, though low of
stature, prettily shaped, languishing and excellent eyes,
her teeth wronging her mouth by sticking a little too far
out ; for the rest lovely enough.

31st. I saw the Queen at dinner ; the Judges 'came
to compliment her arrival, and, after them, the Duke of
Ormond brought me to kiss her hand.

2nd June. The Lord Mayor and Aldermen made their
addresses to the Queen, presenting her 1000/. in gold.
Now saw I her Portuguese ladies, and the Guarda-damas,
or Mother of her Maids, f and the old knight, a lock of
whose hair quite covered the rest of his bald pate, bound
on by a thread, very oddly. I saw the rich gondola sent
to his Majesty from the State of Venice ; but it was not
comparable for swiftness to our common wherries, though
managed by Venetians.

4th. Went to visit the Earl of Bristol, at Wimbledon.

8th. I saw her Majesty at supper privately in her bed-

* Of a dark olive complexion. It has been noticed in other accounts that
the Queen's Portuguese Ladies of Honour, who came over with her, were
uncommonly ill-favoured, and disagreeable in their appearance. See Faithorne's
curious print of her Majesty in the costume here described.

f- The Maids of Honour had a Mother at least as early as the reign of
Elizabeth. The office is supposed to have been abolished about the period of
the Revolution of 1668. Lodge's Illustrations of British History, III. 227. .


9th. I heard the Queen's Portugal music, consisting of
pipes, harps, and very ill voices.

Hampton Court is as noble and uniform a pile, and as
capacious as any Gothic architecture can have made it.
There is an incomparable furniture in it, especially hang-
ings designed by Raphael, very rich with gold ; also many
rare pictures, especially the Csesarean Triumphs of Andrea
Mantegna, formerly the Duke of Mantua's ; of the tapes-
tries, I believe the world can show nothing nobler of the
kind than the stories of Abraham and Tobit. The gallery
of horns is very particular for the vast beams of stags,
elks, antelopes, &c. The Queen's bed was an embroidery
of silver on crimson velvet, and cost 80 OO/., being a pre-
sent made by the States of Holland when his Majesty
returned, and had formerly been given by them to our
King's sister, the Princess of Orange, and, being bought of
her again, was now presented to the King. The great
looking-glass and toilet, of beaten and massive gold, was
given by the Queen-Mother. The Queen brought over
with her from Portugal such Indian cabinets as had never
before been seen here. The great hall is a most magnifi-
cent room. The chapel-roof excellently fretted and gilt.
I was also curious to visit the wardrobe and tents, and
other furniture of state. The park, formerly a flat and
naked piece of ground, now planted with sweet rows of
lime trees ; and the canal for water now near perfected ;
also the air-park. In the garden is a rich and noble foun-
tain, with Sirens, statues, &c., cast in copper, by Fanelli ;
but no plenty of water. The cradle-work of horn beam
in the garden is, for the perplexed twining of the trees,
very observable. There is a parterre which they call Para-
dise, in which is a pretty banqueting-house set over a
cave, or cellar. All these gardens might be exceedingly
improved, as being too narrow for such a palace.

10th. I returned to London, and presented my " His-
tory of Chalcography " (dedicated to Mr. Boyle) to our

19th. I went to Albury, to visit Mr. Henry Howard,
soon after he had procured the dukedom to be restored.
This gentleman had now compounded a debt of 200,000/.,

See Evelyn's "Miscellaneous Writings," 4to, 1825, p. 243.

1662.] JOHN EVELYN. 365

contracted by his grandfather. I was much obliged to that
great virtuoso, and to this young gentleman, with whom I
stayed a fortnight.

2nd July. We hunted and killed a buck in the park,
Mr. Howard inviting most of the gentlemen of the country
near him.

3rd. My wife met me at Woodcot, whither Mr. Howard
accompanied me to see my son John, who had been much
brought up amongst Mr. Howard's children at Arundel
House, till, for fear of their perverting him in the Catholic
religion, I was forced to take him home.

8th. To London, to take leave of the Duke and Duchess
of Ormond, going then into Ireland with an extraordinary

13th. Spent some time with the Lord Chancellor,
where I had discourse with my Lord Willoughby, Gover-
nor of Barbadoes, concerning divers particulars of that

28th. His Majesty going to sea to meet the Queen-
Mother, now coming again for England, met with such ill
weather as greatly endangered him. I went to Greenwich,
to wait on the Queen, now landed.

30th. To London, where was a meeting about Charitable
Uses, and particularly to inquire how the City had dis-
posed of the revenues of Gresham College, and why the
salaries of the professors there were no better improved.
I was on this commission, with divers Bishops and Lords
of the Council; but little was the progress we could

31st. I sat with the Commissioners about reforming
buildings and streets of London, and we ordered the pav-
ing of the way from St. James's North, which was a quag-
mire, and also of the Haymarket about Piqudillo [Picca-
dilly], and agreed upon instructions to be printed and
published for the better keeping the streets clean.

1st August. Mr. H. Howard, his brothers Charles,
Edward, Bernard, Philip* now the Queen's Almoner, (all
brothers of the Duke of Norfolk, still in Italy), came with
a great train, and dined with me ; Mr. H. Howard leaving
with me his eldest and youngest sons, Henry and Thomas,

* Since Cardinal at Rome.


for three or four days, my son, John, having been sometime
bred up in their father's house.

4th. Came to see me the old Countess of Devonshire,*
with that excellent and worthy person, my Lord, her son,
from Roehampton.

5th. To London, and next day to Hampton Court, about
my purchase, and took leave of Sir R. Fanshawe, now going
Ambassador to Portugal.

13th. Our Charter being now passed under the broad
Seal, constituting us a corporation under the name of The
Royal Society for the improvement of natural knowledge
by experiment, was this day read, and was all that was done
this afternoon, being very large.

14th. I sat on the commission for Charitable Uses, the
Lord Mayor and others of the Mercers' Company being
summoned, to answer some complaints of the Professors,
grounded on a clause in the will of Sir Thomas Gresham,
the founder.

This afternoon, the Queen-Mother, with the Earl of St.
Alban's and many great ladies and persons, was pleased to
honour my poor villa with her presence, and to accept of
a collation. She was exceedingly pleased, and staid till
very late in the evening.

15th. Came my Lord Chancellor (the Earl of Claren-
don) and his lady, his purse and mace borne before him,
to visit me. They were likewise collationed with us, and
were very merry. They had all been our old acquaintance
in exile, and indeed this great person had ever been my
friend. His son, Lord Cornbury, was here, too.

17th. Being the Sunday when the Common Prayer-
Book, reformed and ordered to be used for the future, was
appointed to be read, and the solemn League and Covenant
to be abjured by all the incumbents of England under
penalty of losing their livings; our vicar read it this

20th. There were strong guards in the city this day,

* Christian, Countess of Devonshire. She was of considerable celebrity for
her devotion, hospitality, her great care in the management of her son's
affairs ; and as a patroness of the wits of the age, who frequently met at her
house : also for her loyalty and correspondence to promote the restoration.
King Charles II. frequently visited her at this place with the Queeii-Mother
and the Royal Family. There is a life of this lady, written by Mr. Pomfret.

1662.] JOHN EVELYN. 367

apprehending some tumults, many of the Presbyterian
ministers not conforming. I dined with the Vice-
Chamberlain, and then went to see the Queen-Mother,
who was pleased to give me many thanks for the enter-
tainment she received at my house, when she recounted to
me many observable stories of the sagacity of some dogs
she formerly had.

21st. I was admitted and then sworn one of the Council
of the Royal Society, being nominated in his Majesty's
original grant to be of this Council for the regulation of
the Society, and making laws and statutes conducible to
its establishment and progress, for which we now set apart
every Wednesday morning till they were all finished.
Lord Viscount Brouncker (that excellent mathematician)
was also by his Majesty, our founder, nominated our first
President. The King gave us the arms of England to be
borne in a canton in our arms, and sent us a mace of
silver gilt, of the sameTashion and bigness as those carried
before his Majesty, to be borne before our president on
meeting days. It was brought by Sir Gilbert Talbot,
Master of his Majesty's Jewel-house.

22nd. I dined with my Lord Brouncker and Sir Robert
Murray, and then went to consult about a new-modelled
ship at Lambeth, the intention being to reduce that art
to as certain a method as any other part of architecture.

23rd. I was spectator of the most magnificent triumph
that ever floated on the Thames,* considering the innu-
merable boats and vessels, dressed and adorned with
all [imaginable pomp, but, above all, the thrones, arches,
pageants, and other representations, stately barges of the
Lord Mayor and Companies, with various inventions,
music and peals of ordnance both from the vessels and the
shore, going to meet and conduct the new Queen from
Hampton Court to Whitehall, at the first time of her
coming to town. In my opinion, it far exceeded all the
Venetian Bucentoras, &c., on the Ascension, when they
go to espouse the Adriatic. His Majesty and the Queen

* An account of this solemnity was published in ** Aqua Triumphalis ; being
a true relation of the honourable City of London entertaining their sacred
Majesties upon the River of Thames, and welcoming them from Hampton
Court to Whitehall, &c. Engraved by John Tatham," folio, 1662. See
Gentleman's Magazine, vol. xciv. ii. 516.


came in an antique-shaped open vessel, covered with a
state, or canopy, of cloth of gold, made in form of a cupola,
supported with high Corinthian pillars, wreathed with
flowers, festoons, and garlands. I was in our new-built
vessel, sailing amongst them.

29th. The Council and Fellows of the Royal Society
went in a body to Whitehall, to acknowledge his Majesty's
royal grace in granting our Charter, and vouchsafing to be
himself our Founder ; when the President made an elo-
quent speech, to which his Majesty gave a gracious reply,
and we all kissed his hand. Next day, we went in like
manner with our address to my Lord Chancellor, who had
much promoted our patent : he received us with extraordi-
nary favour. In the evening, I went to the Queen-Mother's
Court, and had much discourse with her.

1st September. Being invited by Lord Berkeley, I went
to Durdans,* where dined his Majesty, the Queen, Duke,
Duchess, Prince Rupert, Prince Edward, and abundance of
noblemen. I went, after dinner, to visit my brother of
Woodcot, my sister having been delivered of a son a little
before, but who had now been two days dead.

4th. Commission for Charitable Uses, my Lord Mayor
and Aldermen being again summoned, and the improve-
ments of Sir Thomas Gresham's estate examined. There
were present the Bishop of London, the Lord Chief Justice,
and the King's Attorney.

6th. Dined with me Sir Edward Walker, Garter King-
at-Arms, Mr. Slingsby, Master of the Mint, and several

17th. We now resolved that the Arms of the Society
should be, a field Argent, with a canton of the arms of
England ; the supporters two talbots Argent ; Crest, an
eagle Or holding a shield with the like arms of England,
viz., three lions. The words Nullius in verbd. It was
presented to his Majesty for his approbation, and orders
given to Garter King-at-Arms to pass the diploma of their
office for it.

20th. I presented a petition to his Majesty about my
own concerns, and afterwards accompanied him to Monsieur
Febure, his chymist (and who had formerly been my
master in Paris), to see his accurate preparation for the

* At Epsom.

1662.] JOHN EVELYN. 369

composing Sir "Walter Raleigh's rare cordial ; he made a
learned discourse before his Majesty in French on each

27th. Came to visit me Sir George Saville,* grandson
to the learned Sir Henry Saville, who published St. Chry-
sostom. Sir George was a witty gentleman, if not a little
too prompt and daring.

3rd October. I was invited to the College of Physicians,
where Dr. Meret, a learned man and library-keeper,
showed me the library, theatre for anatomy, and divers
natural curiosities; the statue and epigraph under it of
that renowned physician, Dr. Harvey, discoverer of the
circulation of the blood. There I saw Dr. Gilbert, Sir
William Paddy's, and other pictures of men famous in
their faculty.

Visited Mr. Wright, f a Scotsman, who had lived long at
Rome, and was esteemed a good painter. The pictures of
the Judges at Guildhall are of his hand, and so are some
pieces in Whitehall, as the roof in his Majesty's old bed-
chamber, being Astraea, the St. Catherine, and a chimney-
piece in the Queen's privy chamber ; but his best, in my
opinion, is Lacy, the famous Roscius or comedian, whom
he has painted in three dresses, as a gallant, a Presbyterian
minister, and a Scotch highlander in his plaid. J It is in
his Majesty's dining-room, at Windsor. He had at his
house an excellent collection, especially that small piece of
Correggio, Scotus of de la Marca, a design of Paulo ; and,
above all, those ruins of Polydore, with some good agates
and medals, especially a Scipio, and a Caesar's head of gold.

15th. I this day delivered my " Discourse concerning
Forest-Trees " to the Society, upon occasion of certain
queries sent to us by the Commissioners of his Majesty's
Navy, being the first book that was printed by order of the
Society, and by their printer, since it was a Corporation.

16th. I saw "Volpone" acted at Court before their

21st. To the Queen-Mother's Court, where her Majesty

* Afterwards, the celebrated Marquis of Halifax. t See p. 331.

J A private etching from this picture was made in 1825, by William Hop-
kins, one of the pages to Princess Elizabeth. Mr. John Lacy is represented
in his three principal characters, viz. Teague, in the Committee ; Scruple, in
the Cheats ; and GaUiard, hi the Variety. He died hi 1681.


related to us divers passages of her escapes during the
Rebellion and wars in England.

28th. To Court in the evening, where the Queen-Mother,
the Queen-Consort, and his Majesty, being advertised of
some disturbance, forebore to go to the Lord Mayor's show
and feast appointed next day, the new Queen not having
yet seen that triumph.

29th. Was my Lord Mayor's* Show, with a number of
sumptuous pageants, speeches, and verses. I was standing
in a house in Cheapside against the place prepared for
their Majesties. The Prince and heir of Denmark was
there, but not our King. There were also the maids of
honour. I went to Court this evening, anql had much dis-
, course with Dr. Basiers,f one of his Majesty's chaplains,
the great traveller, who showed me the syngraphs and
original subscriptions of divers eastern patriarchs and
Asian churches to our confession.

4th November. I was invited to the wedding of the
daughter of Sir George Carteret, (the Treasurer of the Navy
and King's Vice-Chamberlain), married to Sir Nicholas
Slaning, Knight of the Bath, by the Bishop of London, in
the Savoy chapel; after which, was an extraordinary feast.

5th. The Council of the Royal Society met to amend
the Statutes, and dined together : afterwards meeting at
Gresham College, where was a discourse suggested by me,
concerning planting his Majesty's Forest of Dean with oak,
now so much exhausted of the choicest ship-timber in the

20th. Dined with the Comptroller, Sir Hugh Pollard;
afterwards, saw " The Young Admiral " J acted before the

21st. Spent the evening at Court, Sir Kenelm Digby
giving me great thanks for my Sylva.

27th. Went to London to see the entrance of the Russian
Ambassador, whom his Majesty ordered to be received with

* Sir John Robinson, Knt. and Bart. Clothworker. The pageant on this
occasion, which was the same as in the preceding year (see note, p. 357), was
at the charge of the Clothworker's Company.

t Isaac Basire. See p. 357, and an account of him in Wood's " Athense

$ A Tragi-Comedy by James Shirley.

" Discourse on Forest- Trees." See preceding page.

1662.] JOHN EVELYN. 37 ]_

much state, the Emperor not only having been kind to his
Majesty in his distress, but banishing all commerce with
our nation during the Rebellion.

First, the City Companies and Trained Bands were all
in their stations : his Majesty's Army and Guards in great
order. His Excellency came in a very rich coach, with
some of his chief attendants ; many of the rest on horse-
back, clad in their vests, after the Eastern manner, rich
furs, caps, and carrying the presents, some carrying hawks,
furs, teeth, bows, &c. It was a very magnificent show.

I dined with the Master of the Mint,* where was old
Sir Ralph Freeman ; t passing my evening at the Queen-
Mother's Court; at night, saw acted "The Committee/' a
ridiculous play of Sir R. Howard, where the mimic, Lacy,
acted the Irish footman to admiration.

30th. St. Andrew's day. Invited by the Dean of West-
minster { to his consecration-dinner and ceremony, on his
being made Bishop of Worcester. Dr. Boltou preached
in the Abbey Church ; then followed the consecration by
the Bishops of London, Chichester, Winchester, Sali sbury,
&c. After this, was one of the most plentiful and magni-
ficent dinners that in my life I ever saw; it cost near 600/.
as I was informed. Here were the Judges, nobility, clergy,
and gentlemen innumerable, this Bishop being universally
beloved for his sweet and gentle disposition. He was author
of those Characters which go under the name of Blount.
He translated his late Majesty's Icon into Latin, was
Clerk of his Closet, Chaplain, Dean of Westminster, and
yet a most humble, meek, but cheerful man, an excellent
scholar, and rare preacher. I had the honour to be loved
by him. He married me at Paris, during his Majesty's
and the Church's exile. When I took leave of him, he
brought me to the cloisters in his episcopal habit. I then
went to prayers at Whitehall, where I passed that evening.

1st December. Having seen the strange and wonderful
dexterity of the sliders on the new canal in St. James's
Park, performed before their Majesties by divers gentlemen

* Mr. SJingsby.
) Of Betchworth, in Surrey.

J Dr. John Earle. Translated afterwards to Salisbury.
These Characters were several times printed, and 'are still read with
some interest.

B B 2


and others with skates, after the manner of the Hollanders,
with what swiftness they pass, how suddenly they stop in
full career upon the ice ; I went home by water, but not
without exceeding difficulty, the Thames being frozen, great
flakes of ice encompassing our boat.

17th. I saw acted before the King " The Law against
Lovers." *

21st. One of his Majesty's chaplains preached; after
which, instead of the ancient, grave, and solemn wind
music accompanying the organ, was introduced a concert
of twenty-four violins between every pause, after the French
fantastical light way, better suiting a tavern, or playhouse,
than a church. This was the first time of change, and now
we no more heard the cornet which gave life to the organ ;
that instrument quite left off in which the English were so
skilful. I dined at Mr. Povey's, where I talked with Cromer,
a great musician.

23rd. I went with Sir George Tuke, to hear the come-
dians con and repeat his new comedy, "The Adventures of
Five Hours," a play whose plot was taken out of the famous
Spanish poet, Calderon.

27th. I visited Sir Theophilus Biddulph.

29th. Saw the audience of the Muscovy Ambassador,
which was with extraordinary state, his retinue being
numerous, all clad in vests of several colours, with buskins,
after the Eastern manner ; their caps of fur ; tunics, richly
embroidered with gold and pearls, made a glorious show.
The King being seated under a canopy in the Banqueting-
house, the Secretary of the Embassy went before the
Ambassador in a grave march, holding up his master's
letters of credence in a crimson taffeta scarf before his
forehead. The Ambassador then delivered it with a pro-
found reverence to the King, who gave it to our Secretary
of State ; it was written in a long and lofty style. Then
came in the presents, borne by 165 of his retinue, consisting
of mantles and other large pieces lined with sable, black
fox, and ermine; Persian carpets, the ground cloth of gold
and velvet ; hawks, such as they said never came the like ;
horses said to be Persian ; bows and arrows, &c. These

* A Tragi-Comedy, by Sir William Davenant, taken almost entirely from
Shakspeare's " Measure for Measure," and " Much Ado about Nothing/'
blended together.

1663.] JOHN EVELYN. 373

borne by so long a train rendered it very extraordinary.
Wind music played all the while in the galleries above.
This finished, the Ambassador was conveyed by the Master
of the Ceremonies to York-House, where he was treated
with a banquet which cost 200?. as I was assured.*

1662-3. 7th January. At night, I saw the ball, in which
his Majesty danced with several great ladies.

8th. I went to see my kinsman, Sir George Tuke's,
comedy acted at the Duke's theatre, which took so univer-
sally, that it was acted for some weeks every day, and it
was believed it would be worth to the comedians 40 01. or
500/. The plot was incomparable; but the language stiff
and formal.

10th. I saw a ball again at Court, danced by the King,
the Duke, and ladies, in great pomp.

21st. Dined at Mr. Treasurer's of the Household, Sir
Charles Berkeley's, where were the Earl of Oxford, Lord
Bellassis, Lord Gerard, Sir Andrew Scrope, Sir William
Coventry, Dr. Fraser, Mr. Windham, and others.

5th February. I saw " The Wild Gallant," a comedy ; f
and was at the great ball at Court, where his Majesty, the
Queen, &c., danced.

6th. Dined at my Lord Mayor's, Sir John Robinson,
Lieutenant of the Tower.

15th. This night some villains brake into my house and

Online LibraryJohn EvelynDiary and correspondence, To which is subjoined the private correspondence between King Charles I. and Sir Edward Nicholas, and between Sir Edward Hyde, afterwards earl of Clarendon, and Sir Richard Browne (Volume 1) → online text (page 37 of 46)