John Evelyn.

Diary and correspondence, To which is subjoined the private correspondence between King Charles I. and Sir Edward Nicholas, and between Sir Edward Hyde, afterwards earl of Clarendon, and Sir Richard Browne (Volume 1) online

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Online LibraryJohn EvelynDiary and correspondence, To which is subjoined the private correspondence between King Charles I. and Sir Edward Nicholas, and between Sir Edward Hyde, afterwards earl of Clarendon, and Sir Richard Browne (Volume 1) → online text (page 39 of 46)
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Thence, to New College, and the painting of Magdalen
chapel, which is on blue cloth in chiar oscuro, by one
Greenborow, being a Ccena Domini, and a Last Judgment
on the wall by Fuller, as is the other, but somewhat
varied. ,

Next to Wadham, and the Physic Garden, where were
two large locust-trees, and as many platani (plane-trees),
and some rare plants under the culture of old Bobart.*

26th. We came back to Beaconsfield; next day, to
London, where we dined at the Lord Chancellor's, with
my Lord Bellasis.

27th. Being casually in the privy gallery at Whitehall,
his Majesty gave me thanks before divers lords and noble-
men for my book of Architecture, and again for my
" Sylva," saying they were the best designed and useful

* Jacob Bobart, a German, was appointed the first keeper of the Physic
Garden, at Oxford. There is a fine print of him, after Loggan, by Burghers,
dated 1675. Also a small whole-length in the frontispiece of Vertumnus, a
poem on that garden. In this he is dressed in a long vest, with a beard.
One of this family was bred up at college in Oxford ; but quitted his studies
for the profession of the Whip, driving one of the Oxford coaches (his own
property) for many years with great credit. In 181 3, he broke his leg by an
accident ; and, in 1814, from the respect he had acquired by his good con-
duct, he was appointed by the University to the place of one of the Esquire
Beadles.



16G4.] JOHN EVELYN. 385

for the matter and subject, the best printed and designed
(meaning the taille-douces of the Parallel of Architecture)
that he had seen. He then caused me to follow him alone
to one of the windows, and asked me if I had any paper
about me unwritten, and a crayon ; I presented him with
both, and then laying it on the window-stool, he with his
own hands designed to me the plot for the future building
of Whitehall, together with the rooms of state, and other
particulars. After this, he talked with me of several
matters, asking my advice, in which I find his Majesty had
an extraordinary talent becoming a magnificent prince.

The same day at Council, there being Commissioners to
be made to take care of such sick and wounded and
prisoners of war, as might be expected upon occasion of a
succeeding war and action at sea, war being already
declared against the Hollanders, his Majesty was pleased
to nominate me to be one, with three other gentlemen,
parliament-men, viz. Sir William Doily, Knt. and Bart.,
Sir Thomas Clifford,* and Bullein B-heymes, Esq. ; with a
salary of 1200/. a year amongst us, besides extraordinaries
for our care and attention in time of station, each of us
being appointed to a particular district, mine falling out
to be Kent and Sussex, with power to constitute officers,
physicians, chirurgeons, provost-marshals, and to dispose
of half of the hospitals through England. After the
council, we kissed his Majesty's hand. At this council, I
heard Mr. Solicitor Finch f plead most elegantly for the
merchants trading to the Canaries, praying for a new
Charter.

29th. Was the most magnificent triumph by water and
land of the Lord Mayor. J I dined at Guildhall at the
upper table, placed next to Sir H. Bennett, Secretary of
State, opposite to my Lord Chancellor and the Duke of
Buckingham, who sate between Monsieur Comminges, the
French Ambassador, Lord Treasurer, the Dukes of Ormond
and Albemarle, Earl of Manchester, Lord-Chamberlain,
and the rest of the great officers of state. My Lord Mayor
came twice up to us, first drinking in the golden goblet his

* Since, Lord Treasurer of England,
f Afterwards, Earl of Nottingham, Lord Chancellor.
J Sir John Lawrence. The pageant for the day was at the cost of the
Haberdashers' Company.

VOL. I. C C



386 1)1 ARY OF [LONDON,

Majesty's health, then the French King's, as a compliment
to the Ambassador ; we returned my Lord Mayor's health,
the trumpets and drums sounding. The cheer was not to
be imagined for the plenty and rarity, with an infinite
number of persons at the rest of the tables in that ample
hall. The feast was said to cost 1 OOO/. I slipped away
in the crowd, and came home late.

31st. I was this day 44 years of age; for which I
returned thanks to Almighty God, begging His merciful
protection for the year to come.

2nd November. Her Majesty, the Queen-Mother, came
across the gallery in Whitehall to give me thanks for my
book of Architecture, which I had presented to her, with
a compliment that I did by no means deserve.

16th. We chose our treasurer, clerks, and messengers,
and appointed our seal, which I ordered should be the
good Samaritan, with this motto, Fac similiter. Painters'
Hall was lent us to meet in. In the great room were
divers pictures, some reasonably good, that had been given
to the Company by several of the wardens and masters of
the Company.

23rd. Our statutes now finished, were read before a full
assembly of the Royal Society.

24th. His Majesty was pleased to tell me what the
conference was with the Holland Ambassador, which, as
after I found, was the heads of the speech he made at the
re-convention of the Parliament, which now began.

2nd December. We delivered the Privy Council's letters
to the Governors of St. Thomas's Hospital, in Southwark,
that a moiety of the house should be reserved for such
sick and wounded, as should from time to time be sent
from the fleet during the war. This being delivered at
their Court, the President and several Aldermen, Governors
of that Hospital, invited us to a great feast in Fishmongers'
Hall.

20th. To London, onr last sitting, taking order for our
personal visiting our several districts. I dined at Captain
Cocke's (our Treasurer), with that most ingenious gentle-
man, Matthew Wren, son to the Bishop of Ely, and
Mr. Joseph Williamson, since Secretary of State.*

Afterwards, Sir Joseph Williamson, P. R. S., an eminent legislator and
still greater statesman. He represented Thetford and Rochester hi several



1665.] JOHN EVELYN.

22nd. I went to the launching of a new ship of two
bottoms, invented by Sir William Petty, on which were
various opinions ; his Majesty being present, gave her the
name of the Experiment : so I returned home, where I
found Sir Humphry Winch, who spent the day with me.

This year I planted the lower grove next the pond at
Sayes Court. It was now exceeding cold, and a hard
long frosty season, and the comet was very visible.

28th. Some of my poor neighbours dined with me, and
others of my tenants, according to my annual custom.

31st. Set my affairs in order, gave God praise for His
mercies the past year, and prepared for the reception of
the Holy Sacrament, which I partook of the next day,
after hearing our minister on the 4th of Galatians,
verses 4. 5., of the mystery of our Blessed Saviour's
Incarnation.

1664-5. 2nd January. This day was published by me that
part of "The Mystery of Jesuitism"* translated and

parliaments. A considerable part of his wealth was expended in useful "cha-
rities, or in promoting learning ; and the places for which he had been
member received much of his bounty. At his death, he left 6,000?. to
Queen's College, Oxford, where he was educated, and at Rochester he
founded & mathematical school, in which Garrick was placed under the first
master, Mr. John Colson, afterwards mathematical professor at Cambridge.
A whole-length portrait in oil of this benevolent character is still hanging in
the Town-hall, at Rochester.

* In a letter to Lord Cornbury, 2 Jan., 1664, Mr. Evelyn says, " I came to
present your Lordship with your own book [in the margin is written, ' The
other part of the Mystery of Jesuitism translated and published by me'] : I
left it with my Lord your father, because I would not suifer it to be public
till he had first seen it, who, on your Lordship's score, has so just a title to it.
The particulars, which you will find added after the 4th letter, are extracted
out of several curious papers and passages lying by me, which for being very
apposite to the controversy, I thought fit to annex, in danger otherwise to
have never been produced." In another letter to Lord Cornbury, 9 Feb.,
1664, Mr. Evelyn says he undertook the translation by command of his Lord-
ship, and of his father, the Lord Chancellor.

The authors of the "Biographia Britannica" speak of " The Mystery of
Jesuitism " as one volume ; but in the library at Wotton there are three^in
duodecimo, with the following titles and contents : the second in order is that
translated by Mr. Evelyn.

1. Les Provinciales, or, the Mystery of Jesuitism, discovered in certain
lettersjwritten upon occasion of the present difference at Sorbonne between
the Jansenists and the Molinists, displaying the pernicious Maxims of the
late Casuists. The second edition corrected, with large additiouals. Sicut

C C 2



388 DIARY OF [DOVER,

collected by me, though without my name, containing the
Imaginary Heresy, with four letters and other pieces.

4th. I went in a coach, it being excessive sharp frost
and snow, towards Dover and other parts of Kent, to settle
physicians, chirurgeons, agents, marshals, and other officers
in all the sea-ports, to take care of such as should be set
on shore, wounded, sick, or prisoners, in pursuance of our
commission reaching from the North Foreland, in Kent,
to Portsmouth, in Hampshire. The rest of the ports in
England were allotted to the other Commissioners. That
evening, I came to Rochester, where I delivered the Privy
Council's letter to the Mayor to receive orders from me.

5th. I arrived at Canterbury, and went to the cathedral,
exceedingly well repaired since his Majesty's return.

6th. To Dover, where Colonel Stroode, Lieutenant of the
Castle, having received the letter I brought him from the
Duke of Albemarle, made me lodge in it, and I was
splendidly treated, assisting me from place to place. Here
I settled my first Deputy. The Mayor and officers of the
Customs were very civil to me.

9th. To Deal. 10th. To Sandwich, a pretty town, about
two miles from the sea. The Mayor and officers of the
Customs were very diligent to serve me. I visited the forts
in the way, and returned that night to Canterbury.

Serpentes. London : Printed for Richard Royston, and are to be sold by
Robert Clave at the Stag's Head near St. Gregorie's church in St. Paul's

Church-yard, 1658 pp. 360. Additionals, pp. 147. At the end are the

names of some of the most eminent Casuists.

2. Mixrrijpioj' -rrjs 'Avofj.las. That is, Another Part of the Mystery of
Jesuitism ;or, the new Heresy of the Jesuits, publicly maintained at Paris, in
the College of Clermont, the xii of December MDCLXI. declared to all the
Bishops of France. According to the copy printed at Paris. Together with
the Imaginary Heresy, in three Letters, with divers other particulars relating
to the abominable Mystery. Never before published in English. London :
Printed by James Flesher, for Richard Royston, bookseller to his most sacred
Majesty, 1664. 3 letters, pp. 206. Copy of a Letter from the Reverend
Father Valerian, a Capuchin, to Pope Alexander 7th, pp. 207239. The
sense of the French Church, pp. 240254.

3. The Moral Practice of the Jesuits demonstrated by many remarkable
histories of their actions in all parts of the world. Collected either from
books of the greatest authority, or most certain and unquestionable records
and memorials. By the Doctors of the Sorbonne. Faithfully translated into
English (by Dr. Tongue; see hereafter, under 1678, Oct. 1). London:
Printed for Simon Miller, at the Star at the west end of St. Paul's, 1670.
See Evelyn's Miscellaneous Writings," 4to, 1825, p. 499.



1C65.] JOHN EVELYN. 389

llth. To Rochester, when I took order to settle officers
at Chatham.

1 2th. To Gravesend, and returned home. A cold, busy,
but not unpleasant journey.

25th. This night being at Whitehall, his Majesty came
to me standing in the withdrawing-room, and gave me
thanks for publishing " The Mystery of Jesuitism," which
he said he had carried two days in his pocket, read it, and
encouraged me; at which I did not a little wonder; I
suppose Sir Robert Murray had given it to him.

27th. Dined at the Lord Chancellor's, who caused me
after dinner to sit two or three hours alone with him in his
bedchamber.

2nd February. I saw a Masque performed at Court, by
six gentlemen and six ladies, surprising his Majesty, it
being Candlemas-day.

8th. Ash- Wednesday. I visited our prisoners at Chelsea
College, and to examine how the marshal and sutlers
behaved. These were prisoners taken in the war; they
only complained that their bread was too fine. I dined at
Sir Henry Herbert's, Master of the Revels.

9th. Dined at my Lord Treasurer's, the Earl of South-
ampton, in Bloomsbury, where he was building a noble
square, or piazza, * a little town ; his own house stands too
low, some noble rooms, a pretty cedar chapel, a naked
garden to the north, but good air.f I had much discourse
with his lordship, whom I found to be a person of extraor-
dinary parts, but a valetudinarian. I went to St. James's
Park, where I saw various animals, and examined the
throat of the Onocrotylus, or pelican, a fowl between a
stork and a swan ; a melancholy water-fowl, brought from
Astracan by the Russian Ambassador ; it was diverting to
see how he would toss up and turn a flat fish, plaice, or
flounder, to get it right into his gullet at its lower beak
which, being filmy, stretches to a prodigious wideness, when
it devours a great fish. Here was also a small water-fowl,

* The Italians do not mean what we do by piazza ; they only mean a
square.

J- Afterwards, it was called Bedford-House, being the town residence for
many years of the Russell family, but was pulled down in 1 800 ; and, on the
site and the adjoining fields, were erected many handsome houses, now called
Russell-Square, Bedford Place, Russell Place, &c.



DIARY OF [LONDON,

not bigger than a moorhen, that went almost quite erect,like
the penguin of America; it would eat as much fish as its
whole body weighed ; I never saw so unsatiable a devourer,
yet the body did not appear to swell the bigger. The
Solan geese here are also great devourers, and are said soon
to exhaust all the fish in a pond. Here was a curious sort
of poultry not much exceeding the size of a tame pigeon,
with legs so short as their crops seemed to touch the
earth ; a milk-white raven ; a stork, which was a rarity at
this season, seeing he was loose, and could fly loftily ; two
Balearian cranes, one of which having had one of his legs
broken and cut off above the knee, had a wooden or boxen
leg and thigh, with a joint so accurately made that the
creature could walk and use it as well as if it had been
natural ; it was made by a soldier. The park was at this
time stored with numerous flocks of several sorts of ordinary
and extraordinary wild fowl, breeding about the Decoy,
which for being near so great a city, and among such a con-
course of soldiers and people, is a singular and diverting
thing. There were also deer of several countries, white ;
spotted like leopards ; antelopes, an elk, red deer, roe-
bucks, stags, Guinea goats, Arabian sheep, &c. There were
withy-pots, or nests, for the wild fowl to lay their eggs in,
a little above the surface of the water.

23rd. I was invited to a great feast at Mr. Rich's (a
relation of my Wife's, now Reader at Lincoln's Inn) ;
where was the Duke of Monmouth, the Archbishop of
Canterbury, Bishops of London and Winchester, the
Speaker of the House of Commons, divers of the Judges,
and several other great men.

24th. Dr. Fell, Canon of Christ Church, preached
before the King, on 15 ch. Romans, v. 2, a very formal
discourse, and in blank verse, according to his manner ;
however, he is a good man. Mr. Phillips, preceptor to my
son, went to be with the Earl of Pembroke's son, my Lord
Herbert.

2nd March. I went with his Majesty into the lobby
behind the House of Lords, where I saw the King and
the rest of the Lords robe themselves, and got into the
House of Lords in a corner near the woolsack, on which
the Lord Chancellor sits next below the throne : the King
sate in all the regalia, the crown- imperial on his head, the



1665.] JOHN EVELYN. 391

sceptre and globe, &c. The Duke of Albemarle bare the
sword, the Duke of Ormond, the cap of dignity. The
rest of the Lords robed and in their places : a most
splendid and august convention. Then came the Speaker
and the House of Commons, and at the bar made a speech,
and afterwards presented several bills, a nod only passing
them, the clerk saying, Le Roy le veult, as to public bills ;
as to private, Soit faite comme il est desire. Then, his
Majesty made a handsome but short speech, commanding
my Lord Privy Seal to prorogue the Parliament, which he
did, the Chancellor being ill and absent. I had not
before seen this ceremony.

9th. I went to receive the poor creatures that were
saved out of the London frigate, blown up by accident-
with above 200 men.

29th. "Went to Goring House,* now Mr. Secretary
Bennett's, ill built, but the place capable of being made a
pretty villa. His Majesty was now finishing the Decoy in
the Park.

2nd April. Took order about some prisoners sent from
Captain Allen's ship, taken in the Solomon, viz., the brave
men who defended her so gallantly.

5th. Was a day of public humiliation and for success of
this terrible war, begun doubtless at secret instigation of
the French to weaken the States and Protestant interest.
Prodigious preparations on both sides.

6th. In the afternoon, I saw acted "Mustapha," a
tragedy written by the Earl of Orrery.

llth. To London, being now left the only Commissioner
to take all necessary orders how to exchange, remove, and
keep prisoners, dispose of hospitals, &c. ; the rest of the
Commissioners being gone to their several districts, in
expectation of a sudden engagement.

19th. Invited to a great dinner at the Trinity House,
where I had business with the Commissioners of the Navy,
and to receive the second 500 OZ. impressed for the service
of the sick and wounded prisoners.

20th. To Whitehall to the King, who called me into
his bed-chamber as he was dressing, to whom I showed

On the site whereof Buckingham Palace is now built. There is a small
print of this house.



892 DIARY OF [LONDON,

the letter written to me from the Duke of York from the
fleet, giving me notice of young Evertzen, and some con-
siderable commanders newly taken in fight with the Dart-
mouth and Diamond frigates,* whom he had sent me as
prisoners at war; I went to know of his Majesty how he
would have me treat them, when he commanded me to
bring the young captain to him, and to take the word of
the Dutch Ambassador (who yet remained here) for the
other, that he should render himself to me whenever I
called on him, and not stir without leave. Upon which,
I desired more guards, the prison being Chelsea House.

* In the publication of the Life of King James II. from his own papers
(printed 1816) after describing the engagement with the Dutch fleet in 1665,
he says, " Soon after this, three Dutch men-of-war, which had been seen for
some time to the windward of us, and were looking out for their own fleet,
bore down in order to join it. One of them was a great ship of above 80
guns, which for want of some repairs had been left by Cornelius Evertzento
his son, with orders to follow ; the other two were not of the same force.
These being to windward, endeavoured to join the head of their fleet, and
young Evertzen, being a mettled man, and having a mind to distinguish him-
self, resolved to run on board of the Plymouth, hoping to bear her down ; but
Sir Thomas Allen, perceiving by Evertzen's working what his design was,
brought his ship to at once, so that Evertzen missed his aim, though he came
so near it that the yard-arms of both ships touched, and they gave each other
a severe broadside in passing ; after which, Evertzen and the other two made
a shift to join their own fleet, and Sir Thomas Allen continued leading as
before, till finding himself extremely disabled, he was forced to lie by." P.
410. " After this engagement was over, and the Dutch had retired to their
own ports, the Duke of York had brought back the English fleet to the Nore,
he took care to have his scouts abroad, two of which, the Diamond, Captain
Golding, and the Yarmouth, Captain Aylifle, being sent to observe the
motions of the Dutch, they happened to meet with two of the direction-ships
(as the Dutch call them) of 40 odd guns each ; the biggest was commanded
by one Masters, the other by young Cornelius Evertzen who, though ours
were of somewhat better force, did not avoid engaging. At the first broad-
side, Golding was slain ; but his Lieutenant, Davis, managed the fight so well,
as did the captain of the Yarmouth, that after some hours' dispute, both the
Dutch ships were taken, though bravely defended, for they lost many men,
and were very much disabled, before they struck. The Duke gave young
Evertzen his liberty,f in consideration of his father, Cornelius, who had per-
formed several services for the King before his Restoration ; and his
R. H. freed also the other captain for having defended himself so well,"and
made Lieutenant Davis captain of one of those prizes." P. 419.



t i. e. he recommended it to the King to do so ; for we see he was sent to
London, and presented to the King by Mr. Evelyn.



1665.] JOHN EVELYN. 393

I went also to Lord Arlington (the Secretary Bennett lately
made a Lord) about other business. Dined at my Lord
Chancellor's; none with him but Sir Sackville Crowe,
formerly Ambassador at Constantinople ; we were very
cheerful and merry.

24th. I presented young Captain Evertzen (eldest son
of Cornelius, Vice- Admiral of Zealand, and nephew of
John, now Admiral, a most valiant person) to his Majesty
in his bedchamber. The King gave him his hand to kiss,
and restored him his liberty ; asked many questions con-
cerning the fight (it being the first blood drawn), his
Majesty remembering the many civilities he had formerly
received from his relations abroad, who had now so much
interest in that considerable Province. Then, I was com-
manded to go with him to the Holland Ambassador,
where he was to stay for his passport, and I was to give
him fifty pieces in broad gold. Next day, I had the Am-
bassador's parole for the other Captain, taken in Captain
Allen's fight before Calais. I gave the King an account
of what I had done, and afterwards asked the same favour
for another Captain, which his Majesty gave me.

28th. I went to Tunbridge, to see a solemn exercise at
the free-school there.*

Having taken orders with my marshal about my pri-
soners, and with the doctor and chirurgeon to attend the
wounded enemies, and of our own men, I went to London
again and visited my charge, several with legs and arms
off; miserable objects, God knows !

16th May. To London, to consider of the poor orphans
and widows made by this bloody beginning, and whose
husbands and relations perished in the London frigate, of
which there were fifty widows, and forty-five of them with
child.

26th. To treat with the Holland Ambassador at Chelsea,
for release of divers prisoners of war in Holland on
exchange here. After dinner, being called into the Council-

There is an annual visitation of the Skinners' Company of London, who
are the patrons, at which verses, themes, &c. are spoken before them by the
senior scholars. The Rev. Vicesimus Knox (D. D. by an American Uni-
versity), author of many works, some of which have gone through many
editions, was master from about 1779 to 181 2, when he resigned in favour of
his son, the Rev. Thomas Knox.



394 DIARY OF [LONDON,

Chamber at Whitehall, I gave his Majesty an account
of what I had done, informing him of the vast charge
upon us, now amounting to no less than 1000/. weekly.

29th. I went with my little boy to my district in Kent,
to make up accounts with my officers. Visited the
Governor at Dover Castle, where were some of my pri-
soners.

3rd June. In my return, went to Gravesend ; the fleets
being just now engaged, gave special orders for my officers
to be ready to receive the wounded and prisoners.

5th. To London, to speak with his Majesty and the
Duke of Albemarle for horse and foot guards for the pri-
soners at war, committed more particularly to my charge
by a commission apart.

8th. I went again to his Grace, thence to the Council,
and moved for another privy seal for 20,000/., and that I
might have the disposal of the Savoy Hospital for the



Online LibraryJohn EvelynDiary and correspondence, To which is subjoined the private correspondence between King Charles I. and Sir Edward Nicholas, and between Sir Edward Hyde, afterwards earl of Clarendon, and Sir Richard Browne (Volume 1) → online text (page 39 of 46)