John Evelyn.

Diary and correspondence, To which is subjoined the private correspondence between King Charles I. and Sir Edward Nicholas, and between Sir Edward Hyde, afterwards earl of Clarendon, and Sir Richard Browne (Volume 1) online

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Online LibraryJohn EvelynDiary and correspondence, To which is subjoined the private correspondence between King Charles I. and Sir Edward Nicholas, and between Sir Edward Hyde, afterwards earl of Clarendon, and Sir Richard Browne (Volume 1) → online text (page 43 of 46)
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Created M.D. in 1691, and died in March, 1702-3.

Page 381, line 12. " Mr. Berkenshaw."

The music master of Pepys, who states that he gave him five pounds
for five weeks' instruction.

E 2



(See Pages 8,9.)

THE following Letter from George Evelyn, Esq., elder brother of Mr. J. E.
when at College, to his father Richard at Wotton, 26 Sept., 1636, giving
an account of the Visit made by the King and Queen to the University
of Oxford, with some particulars respecting himself, contains some
curious matter.

" I know you have long desired to hear of my welfare, and the total series
of his Majesty's entertainment whilst he was fixed in the centre of our

" The Archbishop our Lord Chancellor [Laud] and many Bishops, Doctor
Bayley our Vice-Chancellor, with the rest of the Doctors of the University,
together with the Mayor of the City, and his brethren, rode out in state to
meet his Majesty, the Bishops in their pontifical robes, the Doctors in their
scarlet gowns and their black caps (being the habit of the University), the
Mayor and Aldermen in their scarlet gowns, and sixty other townsmen all
in black satin doublets and in old fashion jackets. At the appropinquation
of the King, after the beadles' staves were delivered up to his Majesty in token
that they yielded up all their authority to him, the Vice-Chancellor spoke a
speech to the King, and presented him with a Bible in the University's
behalf, the Queen with Camden's Britannia in English, and the Prince Elect
(as I took it) with Croke's Politics ; all of them with gloves (because Oxford
is famous for gloves.*) A little nigher the City where the City bounds are
terminated, the Mayor presented his Majesty with a large gilt cup, et tenet
vicinitatem opinio, the Recorder of the City made a speech to his Majesty.
In the entrance of the University, at St. John's College, he was detained
with another speech made by a Fellow of the house. The speech being
ended, he went to Christ-church, scholars standing on both sides of the
street, according to their degrees, and in their formalities, clamantes, Vivat
Hex natter Carolus f Being entered Christ-church, he had another speech

* Gloves always made part of a present from Corporate Bodies at that time,
more or less ornamented with rich fringes according to the quality of the persons to
whom they were offered.


made by the University orator, and student of the same house : the subject
of all which speeches being this, expressing their joy and his welcome to the
University. Then, retiring himself a little, he went to prayers ; they being
ended, soon after to supper, and then to the play, whose subject was the
Calming of the Passions ; but it was generally misliked of the Court, because
it was so grave ; but especially because they understood it not. This was the
first day's entertainment.

" The next morning, he had a sermon in Christ-church, preached by
Browne, the Proctor of the University, and a student of the house. The
sermon being ended, the Prince Elect and Prince Rupert went to St. Mary's,
where there was a congregation, and Prince Rupert created Master of Arts,
also many nobles with him. The reason why the Prince Elect was not created
Master of Arts, was because Cambridge our sister had created him before.
The congregation done, the King, Queen, and all the nobles went to the
Schools (the glory of Christendom) where in the public Library, his Majesty
heard another speech, spoken by my Lord Chamberlain's third son, and of
Exeter College, which speech the King liked well. From the schools the
King went to St. John's to dinner, where the Archbishop entertained his
Majesty with a magnificent dinner and costly banquet [dessert]. Then with
a play made by the same house. The play being ended, he went to Christ-
church ; and, after supper, to another play, called the Royal Slave,* all
the actors performing in a Persian habit, which play much delighted his
Majesty and all the nobles, commending it for the best that ever was acted.

" The next morning, he departed from the University, all the Doctors
kissing his hand, his Majesty expressing his kingly love to the University,
and his countenance demonstrating unto us, that he was well pleased with
this his entertainment made by us scholars.

" After the King's departure, there was a Congregation called, where many
Doctors, some Masters of Art, and a few Bachelors were created, they
procuring it by making friends to the Palsgrave. There were very few that
went out that are now resident, most of them were Lords and gentlemen.
A Doctor of Divinity and Bachelor of Arts were created of our house
[Trinity], but they made special friends to get it.

" With the 30 you sent me I have furnished me with those necessaries I
wanted, and have made me two suits, one of them being a black satin doublet
and black cloth breeches, the other a white satin doublet and scarlet hose ;
the scarlet hose I shall wear but little here, but it will be comely for me to
wear in the country.

" Your desire was that I should be as frugal in my expenses as I could, and
I assure you, honoured Sir, I have been ; I have spent none of it in riot or
toys. You hoped it would be sufficient to furnish me and discharge my
battels for this quarter ; but I fear it will not, therefore I humbly entreat
you to send me 6. I know what I have already, and with this I send for,
will be more than enough to discharge these months ; but I know not what
occasion may fall out.

Trin. Coll. Oxon, 26 July, 1636."

* By William Cartwright, a student of that College. In this play one of his
fellow-students (afterwards the famous Dr. Busby) performed a part (that of Cra-
tander) so excellently well, and with so much applause, that it is said he had almost
determined to commence actor on the public stage.


(See Page 334.)

In the Edition of Sir Richard Baker's Chronicle, published with additions
by Edward Philips (Milton's nephew), there is an account of the transactions
between Mr. Evelyn and Colonel Morley, relative to the latter'a being urged
by Mr. Evelyn, after Cromwell's death, to declare for the King. In a subse-
quent edition, in 1730, this account is considerably altered. Amongst Mr.
Evelyn's papers at Wotton, there is the original account drawn up by Sir
Thomas Clarges, and sent to Mr. Philips ; it is in Sir Thomas's own hand-
writing, was evidently sent to Mr. Evelyn for his perusal, and is thus indorsed
by him :

" Sir Thomas Clarges's (brother-in-law to the Duke of Albemarle) insertion
of what concerned Mr. Evelyn and Colonel Morley in continuation of the
History written by Mr. Philips, and added to Sir Rich. Baker's Chronicle.
Note that my letter to Colonel Morley was not rightly copied ; there was
likewise too much said concerning me, which is better, and as it ought to be
in the second impression, 1664."

Mr. Philips's account is as follows :

" In the seven hundred and nineteenth page of this History we omitted to
insert a very material negociation for the King's service, attempted upon the
interruption given to the Parliament by Colonel Lambert and those that
joined with him therein, which was managed by Mr. Evelin, of Says Court,
by Deptford, in Kent, an active, vigilant, and very industrious agent on all
occasions for his Majesty's Restoration ; who, supposing the members of
this suppositious Parliament could not but ill resent that affront, thought to
make advantage of fixing the impression of it to the ruin of the Army, for
the effecting whereof he applied himself to Colonel Herbert Morley, then
newly constituted one of the five Commissioners for the command of the
Army, as a person by his birth, education, and interest, unlikely to be cor-
dially inclined to prostitute himself to the ruin of his country and the infamy
of his posterity.

" Mr. Evelin gave him some visits to tempt his affection by degrees to a
confidence in him, and then by consequence to engage him in his designs ;
and to induce him the more powerfully thereunto, he put into his hands an
excellent and unanswerable hardy treatise by him written, called ' An
Apology for the Royal Party,' which he backed with so good arguments and
a very dextrous address in the prosecution of them, that the Colonel was
wholly convinced, and recommended to him the procurement of the King's
pardon for him, his brother-in-law, Mr. Fagg, and one or two more of his
relations. This Mr. Evelin faithfully promised to endeavour, and taking the
opportunity of Sir Samuel Tuke's going at that time into France, he by him
acquainted the King (being then at Pontoise) with the relation of this
affair, wherewith he was so well pleased as to declare if Colonel Morley, and
those for whom he interceded, were not of those execrable judges of his
blessed Royal father, they should have his pardon, and he receive such other
reward as his services should deserve. Upon the sending this advice to the
King, the Colonel left London, because of the jealousy which Fleetwood and
Lambert had of him ; but, before he went, he desired Mr. Evelin to cor-
respond with him in Sussex, by means of Mr. Fagg, his brother-in-law, who
then lay in the Mews.

" Mr. Evelin had good reason to believe Colonel Morley very capable of
serving the King at this time ; for he had a much better interest in Sussex
than any of his party ; whereby he might have facilitated his Majesty's


reception in that county, in case his affairs had required his landing there ;
but, besides his power in Sussex, he had (as he said) an influence on two of
the best regiments of the Army, and good credit with many of the Officers of
the Fleet.

" But, before the return from France of the King's resolution in this
matter, there intervened many little changes in the posture of affairs.

" Upon the advance of General Monk in favour of the Parliament, and the
general inclination of the Army to him, Colonel Morley expected the restitu-
tion of that power, and with it of his own authority, and was leagued with
Walton and Hazlerig in a private treaty with Colonel Whetham, the Governor
of Portsmouth, for the delivery of that garrison to them ; and Fagg went
privately from London to raise a regiment in Sussex, to promote these
designs ; but was suppressed before he got any considerable number of men

" Mr. Evelin, not knowing of these intrigues, in rain endeavoured by all
imaginable ways to communicate the King's pleasure to Morley, who was by
this time in the garrison of Portsmouth.

" But, when the Parliament resumed their power, and he [Morley] was
placed in the government of the Tower, he [Evelin] thought it expedient to
renew the former negociation betwixt them for his Majesty's service, and in
order thereunto, he often by visits made application to him, but could never
but once procure access ; and then he dismissed him with a faint answer,
' That he would shortly wait upon him at his lodging.'

" This put Mr. Eveliii into so much passion that he resolved to surmount
the difficulty of access by writing freely to him, which he did in this
manner :


' For many obligations, but especially for the last testimonies of
your confidence in my friendship, begun so long since, and considered so
When I trans- inv'o^bly through so many changes, and in so universal a
acted with him decadence of honour, and all that is sacred amongst men,
for deli very of i he I come with this profound acknowledgment of the favours
Tower of London, vou nave ,jone me . an j ] la( j a great desire to have made
ana to declare , . , ... , , . , .

for the King, a tms a personal recognition and to congratulate your return,
little before Ge- and the dignities which your merits have acquired, and for
neral Monk's, and which none does more sincerely rejoice ; could I promise
done, he had re! m yself the happiness of finding you in your station at any
ceived the honour season wherein the Public, and more weighty concernments
that great man did afford you the leisure of receiving a visit from a person
SSTio 1 ^: inconsiderable as myself

' But, since I may not hope for that good fortune, and
such an opportunity of conveying my respects and the great affections which
I owe you, I did presume to transmit this express ; and by it, to present you
with the worthiest indications of my zeal to continue in the possession of
your good graces, by assuring yon of my great desires to serve you in what-
soever may best conduce to your honour, and to a stability of it, beyond all
that any future contingencies of things can promise : because I am confident
that you have a nobler prospect upon the success of your designs than to
prostitute your virtues and your conduct to serve the passions, or avarice, of
any particular persons whatsoever; being (as you are) free and incontaminate,
well-born, and abhorring to dishonour or enrich yourself with the spoils
which by others have been ravished from our miserable, yet dearest country;
and which renders them so zealous to pursue the ruin of it, by labouring to

* The letter following is taken from Mr. Evelyn's own copy.


involve men of the best natures and reputation into their own inextricable
labyrinths, and to gratify that which will pay them with so much infamy in
the event of things, and with so inevitable a perdition of their precious souls,
when all these uncertainties (how specious soever at present) shall vanish
and come to nothing.

' There is now, Sir, an opportunity put into your hands, by improving
whereof you may securely act for the good of your country, and the redemp-
tion of it from the insupportable tyrannies, injustice, and impieties under
which it has now groaned for so many years, through the treachery of many
wicked, and the mistakes of some few good men. For by this, Sir, you shall
best do honour to God, and merit of your country ; by this you shall secure
yourself, and make your name great to succeeding ages : by this you shall
crown yourself with real and lasting dignities. In sum, by this, you shall
oblige even those whom you may mistake to be your greatest enemies, to
embrace and cherish you as a person becoming the honour of a brave and
worthy patriot, and to be rewarded with the noblest expression of it ; when,
by the best interpretations of your charity and obedience to the dictates of a
Christian, you shall thus heap coals of fire upon their head ; and which will
at once give both light and warmth to this afflicted Nation, Church, and
People, not to be extinguished by any more of those impostors whom God
has so signally blown off the stage, to place such in their stead, as have
opportunities given them of restoring us to our ancient known laws, native
and most happy liberties. It is this, Sir, which I am obliged to wish to
encourage you in, and to pronounce as the worthiest testimony of my congra-
tulations for your return ; and which, you may assure yourself, has the
suffrages of the solidest and best ingredient of this whole nation.

' And having said thus much, I am sure you will not look upon this letter
as a servile address ; but, if you still retain that favour and goodness for the
person who presents it, that I have reason to promise myself, from the
integrity which I have hitherto observed in all your professions ; I conjure
you to believe, that you have made a perfect acquisition of my service ; and,
that (however events succeed) I am still the same person, greedy of an
opportunity to recommend the sincerity of my affection, by doing you what-
soever service lies in my power ; and I hope you shall not find me without
some capacities of expressing it in effects, as well as in the words of

' Honourable Sir, &c.

12th Jan. 1659-60.'

" In a note he adds : ' Morley was at this time Lieutenant of the Tower of
London, was absolute master of the City, there being very few of the rebel
army anywhere near it, save at Somerset- House a trifling garrison which was
marching out to re-enforce Lambert, who was marching upon the news of
Monk's coming out of Scotland. He was Lieutenant of all the confederate
counties of Sussex, Surrey, Hampshire, &c. ; his brother-in-law Governor of
Portsmouth and Hampshire ; his own brother William Morley Governor of
Arundel Castle ; in sum, he had all the advantages he could have desired to
have raised the well-affected of the City and Country universally breathing
after a deliverer (uncertain as to what Monk intended), and so had absolutely
prevented any [other] person or power whatever (in all appearance) from
having the honour of bringing in the King, before those who were in motion
could have snatched it out of his hand. Of all this I made him so sensible,
when I was with him at the Tower, that nothing but his fatal diffidence of
Monk's having no design to bring in his Majesty because he had [not] dis-
covered it whilst matters were yet in the dark (but the design certainly
resolved on) kept him wavering and so irresolute (though he saw the game


sufficiently in his hands) as to sit still and put it off, till Lambert and his
forces being scattered and taken, Monk marched into the City triumphant
with his wearied army, possessed the gates, and with no great cunning and
little difficulty, finding how the people and magistrates were disposed (what-
ever his general intentions were, or at first seemed to be), boldly and
fortunately brought to pass that noble Revolution, following it to his eternal
honour by restoring a banished Prince and the people's freedom. This poor
Morley saw, and implored my interest by what means he might secure
himself and obtain his pardon. This is, in short, a true account of that
remarkable affair.' "

Mr. Philips goes on thus from Sir Thomas Clarges's paper :
" We shall not here determine what it was that induced Colonel Morley
(at the time of his being Lieutenant of the Tower) to decline commerce with
Mr. Evelyn for the King's service ; whether it was that he doubted of the
concurrence of his officers and soldiers, who had been long trained up in an
aversion to monarchy, or whether, by the entire subjection of the Army to
Monk, and their unity thereupon, he thought that work now too difficult,
which was more feasible in the time of their division. But it is most certain
that he took such impressions from Mr. Evelyn's discourses and this letter,
that ever after he appeared very moderate in his counsels, and was one of
the forwardest to embrace all opportunities for the good of his country ; as
was evident by his vigorous and hazardous opposition in Parliament to that
impious oath of abjuration to the King's family and line (hereafter men-
tioned), before it was safe for General Monk to discover how he was inclined ;
and by his willing conjunction and confederacy after with the General for the
admission of the secluded members, in proclamation for a free Parliament
for the King's restoration."*

* In 1815 Baron Maseres republished some Tracts relating to the Civil War
in England in the time of King Charles I., amongst which is " The Mystery and
Method of his Majesty's happy Restoration, by the Rev. Dr. John Price, one of the
late Duke of Albemarle's chaplains, who was privy to all the secret passages and
particularities of that Glorious Revolution." Printed in 1680. In this tract it is
stated that Monk's officers being dissatisfied with the conduct of the Rump Parlia-
ment, pressed him to come to some decision, whereupon, on 11 Feb. 1660, they
sent the letter to the Parliament, desiring them first to fill up the vacancies, and
then to determine their own sitting, and call a new Parliament. Dr. Price then
says, " The General yielded at length to their fears and counsels, and the rather,
for that he was assured of the Tower of London, the Lieutenant of it (Col. Morley)
having before offered it to him. This the noble Colonel had done in the City,
pitying the consternation of the citizens, when he saw what work was doing,
[Monk's pulling down the City-gates a few days before by order of the Rump Par-
liament] and what influence it would have on the country." He adds, " that
though the Rump did not dare to take away the General's commission as one of
their Commissioners for governing the Army, they struck out bis name from the
quorum of them, which virtually did take away his authority, and he and Morley
were left to stem the tide against Hazlerigg, Alured, and Walton."

These are the only mentions which he makes of Morley, by which it seems that
the first communication between him and Monk was when the latter had broken
down the City-gates, on the 9th February.

Had there been any previous concert between Monk and Morley, the latter
would not have wanted Mr. Evelyn's assistance to obtain his pardon, which how-
ever he did want, and obtained through Mr. Evelyn. See p. 336 of the present


(See Page 356.)

Narrative of the Encounter between the French and Spanish Ambassadors, at
the landing oftfie Swedish Ambassador, September 30, 1661.*

" There had been many troubles and disputes between the Ambassadors of
France and Spain for precedence in the Courts of foreign Princes, and
amongst these there was none more remarkable than that on Tower-hill, on
the lauding of an Ambassador for Sweden, 30th September, 1 660, which was
so premeditated a business on both sides, that the King, foreseeing it would
come to a quarrel, and being willing to carry himself with indifference
towards both, which could not be otherwise done than by leaving them at
liberty to take what methods they thought proper for supporting their
respective pretences ; but to show at the same time his concern for the
public tranquillity, orders were given for a strict guard to be kept upon the
place, and all his Majesty's subjects were enjoined not to intermeddle, or
take part with either side. The King was further pleased to command that
Mr. Evelyn should, after diligent inquiry made, draw up and present him a
distinct narrative of the whole affair.'' )

This was done accordingly, and printed, but not being now to be met with,
except in the additions to the Biograpkia Britarmica, begun by the late
Dr. Kippis, and this being a work which has not been completed, and is in
few hands, it may not be amiss to print it from Mr. Evelyn's own copy.


Upon Monday last, being the 30th of September, 1661, about ten in the
morning, the Spanish Ambassador's coach, in which were his Chaplain with
some of his gentlemen, attended by about forty more of his own servants in
liveries, was sent down to the Tower wharf, and there placed itself near about
the point where the ranks of ordnance determine, towards the gate leading
into the bulwark. Next after him came the Dutch, and (twelve o'clock past)
the Swedish coach of honour, disposing of themselves according to their
places. About two hours after this (in company with his Majesty's coach
royal) appeared that of the French Ambassador, wherein were Le Marquis
d'Estrade, son to the French Ambassador, with several more of his
gentlemen, and as near as might be computed, near 150 in train, whereof
above forty were horsemen well appointed with pistols, and some of them
with carabines, musquetoons, or fuzees ; in this posture and equipage stood
they expecting upon the wharf, and, as near as might be, approaching to his
Majesty's coach, which was opposite to the stairs. About three in the after-
noon, the bwedish Ambassador being landed and received into his Majesty's
coach, which moved leisurely before the rest, and was followed by that of the
Swede's, the French Ambassador's coach endeavoured to go the next,
driving as close as possibly they could, and advancing their party with their
swords drawn, to force the Spaniards from the guard of their own coach,
which was also putting in for precedence next the King's. His Majesty's
coach now passed the Spaniards, who held as yet their rapiers undrawn in
their hands, stepping nimbly on either side of the hindmost wheels of their
Minister's coach, drew their weapons and shouted, which caused the French
coach-horses to make a pause ; but, when they observed the advantage which

* Sec page 356. "f Continuation of Heath's Chronicle.


by this the Spanish Ambassador's coach had gained, being now in file after
the Swede's, they came up very near to the Spaniards, and at once pouring in
their shot upon them, together with their foot, then got before their coach,

Online LibraryJohn EvelynDiary and correspondence, To which is subjoined the private correspondence between King Charles I. and Sir Edward Nicholas, and between Sir Edward Hyde, afterwards earl of Clarendon, and Sir Richard Browne (Volume 1) → online text (page 43 of 46)