John Fortescue.

The works of Sir John Fortescue, Knight, Chief Justice of England and Lord Chancellor to King Henry the Sixth (Volume 1) online

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92 9.2

v.l

2016547

REYNOLDS HISTORICAL.
GENEALOGY COLLECTION



3 1833 01241 2737



Digitized by the Internet Archive

in 2010 with funding from

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center



http://www.archive.org/details/worksofsirjohnfo01fort



^^9^



THE WORKS OF



SIR JOHN FORTESCUE, KNIGHT,



CHIEF JUSTICE OF ENGLAND AND LORD



CHANCELLOR TO KING HENRY



THE SIXTH.



NOW FIRST COLLECTED AND ARRANGED BY



THOMAS (FORTESCUE) LORD CLERMONT



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LONDON:

Pri?Hed for Private Diftribittion.

1869. . qg.,

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01654'*'



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(.HlbWICK press: I-RINTED liT WHIITINCHAM AND WILKINS
TOOKS COUR'l. CHANCtRV LANh.



CONTENTS OF THIS VOLUME.



Preface

List of Illustrations

Life of Sir John Fortescue

Appendix to same



PACE

xxiii



53



DE NATURA LEGIS NATURyE. Pars Prima.

The S.'\me Tr.xnslated into English.

Introduction ........ 63

The same in English ....... 187

Chap. I. Here the Author fliows the motive of his Work.

i^atin . . . .65

Englifli . . . . .191

Chap. II. Although this be a quellion ot law the Author refufes not the aid of other faculties.

tb



iqz



Latin .....

Englifh .....

Chap. III. The folution of this quelHon calls for a law other than the Canon or the Civil

Latin .....

Englifli .....

Chap. IV. The Law of Nature alone governed the World until the Law given by the
hand of Mofes.

Latin . . . . .66

Englifh . . . . . -193

Chap. V. The Law of Nature excels all human laws.

Latin . . . . bj

Englilh . . . . .193

Ch.ap. VI. Melchifedech was made King under the Law of Nature alone.

Latin . . . . . .58

Englifli ...... 195



vi Contents.

Chap. VII. Nembroth was the firil wlio had a kingdom, and yet he W4» noi a king.

Latin . .....

Knglidi ......

L'llAi'. V'lII. iiclus was the firft king (o named, and reigned in U.ihjlon, the eapital of the
Ailyrians.

l^atin ......

EngliOi ....

Ch.'\p. IX. It is doubted whether before the Deluge there were kings in E/ioch whii'h

Cain built.

Latin ......

Englifh ......

Ch.-m'. X. Here the Author flioweth that all fuperior kingdoms were ellablillu J under

the Law of Nature, and ought to be poflelled by tlie lame.

Latin . . . . . '

Englifh .....

Chap. XL Firll Objeufion.

Latin .....

Englifh .....

Chap. XII. Second Objeefioii.

Latin .....

Englifh .....

Chap. XIII. Anfwer to the firll: caufe of this war. But firft the Author throws tt>gethcr
the Motives and the Caufe.

Latin . . . . . :

Englifli
Chap. XI V. Anfwer to the firft R'lotive.

Latin .....

Englifh .....

Chap. XV. The conclufion, which difproves the firft objeiSlion.

Latin
Englifli .....

Chap. XVI. Anfwer to the fecond caufe of the war above mentioned. Hut the Author
firft diflinguiflies the right of a king reigning royally, from the ri^lit of
a king reigning politickly and royally [polit'ui it n^iiUta).

Latin ......

Englifh . . . . . ■■ .

Chap. XVII. Next he compares the Law of the King with the Law of Nature, and fliows
the difficulty of this difcuflion.

Latin ......

Englifh ......



69
l()6



7'

iq8



7'



72

'.00

I

73

!0I

74
202



74
202

75

I 203

I 76
20+



77
205




207



Co7itents. vii



FACt



Chap. XVIII. The Law of Nature worked out the kingly ftation in its commencement,
although the unjull made the hrft beginnings of that rank.

Latin . . . . . .80

Englifh . . . . .208

Chap. XIX. The Law of Nations makes not laws for the faithful, but often gives names

to their laws.

Latin . . . . . .81

Englifh ...... 2iOi

Chap. XX. The Law of Nature created contrails among men, and was not changed

by man's fin.

Latin . . . . . .82

Knglifli . . . . .211

Chap. XXI. The evil which might befall the people of Ifrael through the law of the king

being difcloled, the Author ridicules the comparifon above mentioned.

Latin . . . . . .83

Englifh . . . . . .212

Chap. XXII. A King ruling royally, and a King ruling politickly, are equally likened
unto God.

Latin . . . . .84

Englifh . . . . . .213

Chap. XXIII. Advice to him who reigneth royally, to reign alfo politickly.

Latin . . . . . .85

Englifh . . . . . 214

Ch.ap. XXIV. He who reigns politickly is here advifed to govern in certain cafes royally.

Latin . . . . . -85

Englifh ...... 214

Ch.ap. XXV. Here are explained certain cafes in which a political ruler will of necelfity

govern royally.

Latin . . . . . .86

Englifh . . . . . .215

Ch.ap. XXVI. A King ruling politickly is of equal power and liberty with a King
governing royally.

Latin . . . . . .87

Englifli . . . • . . ;, 16

Chap. XXVII. The right of the King is the power of the King, which when it hath done

aught contrary to the Law of Nature, hath never cicaped punilhment. . •

Latin . . . . . .89

Englifli . . . . • .218

Chap. XXVIII. Concerning uniuft laws and tyrants.

Latin . . . . ■ . qo

Englifh . . . . • .22c



viii Co?ite?its.

Chap. XXIX. Epilogue of the difcuirion between the I,.iw of Nature and the Law of

the KiniT.

Latin

Englifli
Chap. XXX. Difference between " Jus," and " Lex."

Latin

Englifli

Ch.ap. XXXL An exnmination of what the Law of Nature is.

Latin
Englifli

Chap. XXXIL How we fliould caft back the maHcioul'nefs of fuch as cavil at what hath

been faid.
Latin
Englifli

Chap. XXXIII. The reafon why the Author invefligates the Law of Nature.

Latin

Englifli

Chap. XXXIV. How to the man alone was promifed the dominion of the world before
man was created.

Latin . . . . .

Englifli ......

Chap. XXXV. Divine Providence ordained at once the Prelacy of the world and jullice.

Latin . . . . . .

Englifli . . . . .

Chap. XXXVI. Juftice and the Law of Nature are of one quality, and of accidental
effence.
Latin
Englifli

Chap. XXX VII. Law is born of Jull:ice, as the Son from the Eather in things divine.

Latin

Englifli
Chap. XXXVIII. How the Law of Nature was created.

Latin

Englifli

Chap. XXXIX. It is here fliown how Juflice remained in man after 'hat m.m had
abandoned her.

Latin ......

Englifli ......

Chap. XL. How the name of Juftice hath a likenefs to the name of Man.

Latin ......

Enelifli . . . . . ' ,



qo

220



92
222



93

223



94
225

' 96

227



.96
227

98
229



99
23'



100
232



102
234



103
235

104
236



Contents. ix

PAGE

Chap. XLI. See how original Juitice differs from natural JuiHce.

Latin . . . . .105

, Eiiglifli ...... 237

Chap. XLII. Wherefore the Law of Nature is called J')ivine, and daughter of the
Divine Law.

Latin ...... ic6

Englifli ...... 239

Chap. XLIII. As the Moon is to the Sun, fo are Human Laws to the Divine Law.

Latin ....... 108

Englifli ...... 2+1

Chap, XLIV. In this Chapter we feek and fliow what are the ends of Divine Law.

Latin . . . . . . .110

Englifh ...... 243

Chap. XLV. The ends of the intention a£ting through the intcUecSt are two.

Latin . . . . . . .112

Englifli ...... 245

Chap. XLVI. Here the writer fliows by what kind of fubjedlion the Law ot Nature is
(uliitituted for the Divine Law.

Latin . . . . . . .113

Englifli ...... 246

Chap. XLVH. The End.

L:uin . . . . . .114

Englifli . . . . . .247

Chap. XLVUL Continuation of this Treatife to that which follows.

Latin . . . . .114

Englifli . . . . . .248



DE NATURA LEGIS NATURE. Pars Secunda.

The Same Transl-^iTed into English.

Chap. L [ufticc is chofen and conlHtuted judge in the propofed ca(e.

Latin . . .115

Englifli . . . . . • . 1\()

Chap. U. The King's Daughter's title to the Crown.

Latin . . . . . . .116

Englifli . . . . . . • 2i0

Chap. \\\. Reply of the King'b Grandfon to the firfl: allegation of the King's Daughter.

Latin . . . . . • • J'7

Englifli . . . . . ' . .251
I. h



C 071 tents.

PACt

C„A,.. IV. The Grandfon's reply to the lecond allegation of the King's Daughter. ^ ^^

Latin ■ . ■ ■ '

' Englifti ■ • • ■ ^5^

Cha.-. V. Won.en had never the right of fucceeding in the kingdoms of lirael and Judah,

Latin
Englifli . • • • • -254

Pmap VI The Grandfon's title to his Grandfather's kingdom.

\^H.-\l . V 1. .120

Latin • • ■ • ■

Engliih . • ■ • -255

Chaf. VII. The propofition of the King's Brother.

Latin ■•■■■'

Englifh ■ • • • 256

Chap. VIII. He (hows, in the hril place, the reafon why a Woman fucceeds not to a ,
kingdom as to any other property.
Latm

Englifh • • • • ■ ■ -57

Chap. IX. Here he makes a further dilclofure of the faid caufe, and proves that the Kmg's

daughter has no ground of complaint.

r • • • 123

Latin ■ ■ • ^

Englifli ....■• 259

Chap. X. He now proves that the Son cannot fucceed to the kingdom by his Mother's

right.

r ■ . . 124

Latm • • • • ^

Enghln • • •

Chap XI. He here ihows that Chnil was not King of the Jews by right of his Mother. '

Latin . • • -■

T- rru . . . , 261

Lngliln . • • •

Chap XII. The title of the King's Brother to the kingdom which is claimed.

T ■ . . 127

Latin • • • • I '

Englifh . • • • . . . 264

Ch^p. XIII. Replication of the King's Daughter.

, . . . 128

Latin • ■ • ■



Englifh ••■■■•

Chap. XIV. The King's Daughter here fets in order the procefs by which ihe int.nds to
adv'.nce. •



264



T . . • 129

Latin • • ■

Englifh • • • • .265

Chap XV She now refutes the reafons which would prevent a female reign.

■ , . . . I2q

Latin • • ■ ' ^

Engiilh . ■ •



Contoits.

Chap. XVI. The King's Grandfon firft fliows how he lays claim to his Grandfather's

kingdom as the heir of his (jrandfather,and not as the heir of his Mother.

Latin
' Englilh .....

Ch.^1'. XVII. The Son intends to confirm only his own allertions.

Latin . . . ■

Englilh .....

Chap. XVIII. He here fliows how Woman was created fo as always to be fubjeiEl to Man
Latin . . . ■ •

Engliih .....

Chap. XIX. He here fliows what is meant by Man's being made after the image of God.

Latin . . . • •

Englifh .....

Chap. XX. Epilogue, fumming up the things which have been faid in the laft two

Chapters.

I^atin .....

Englilli ......

Chap. XXI. The Woman is by nature fubjed to the Man.

Latin ..■•■■

Englifh ..••■•

Chap. XXII. Examples which merely relate fadts cannot prove that Women ought to
reign.

Latin . . . . • •

EngiiOi . . . ■ • . •

Chap. XXIIl. Only Women who are fubjecl to Men can govern Men.

Latin ...•••

Englilh ...•••

Iv' Chap. XXIV. The natural infirmities of Women do not e.xclude them from governing,
;.. ' ■• but fliow the caule why they are excluded.

Latin .....

• Englilli .....

Chap. XXV. That a Woman cannot reign fupreme is pointed out by the Divine fentence
Latin . . ■ ■ •

Englifh . . ■ • ■

Chap. XXVI. Wherefore the fentence of the Divine Law muit now be traced.
Latin . . ■ • •

Engli'^:^ . . . . •

Chap. XXVII. How the Divine Law approves the fentence of the Law of Nature.
Latin . . . • •

i Englifli . ■ . • •



XI

PACE



130
26S



'3'

269

1.3'
26g

134

272



'35

-^73

274



136

275

277



139

278

140
279



141



143

2B2



.■; ->-;^ I •'■>■ :l:VZ :a'|'3



xii CoiHcnts.

PAGE

Chap. XXVIII. Divine more ilroii;^iy than Human I^.nv excludes Woman from a kini^dom.

Latin . ..... 143

Englidi .' . . . . • 2«3

Chap. XXI?i. By tiie ]>uw of Nature alone can the propoled quellion be perfeilUy lolved.

Latin ...... 144

Englilh . . • .285

Chap. XXX. The Divine judgment does not allow a Woman tu reign fupreme de jure ,

but the Law of Nature does not permii her lo to reign i/V fa^r,. ^

Latin ...... 146

Engliili . . . ■ . . 2S7

Chap. XXXI. FirlHy the King's Brother refutes the I'lmilitudes mtroduced by the Grandlon.

Latin ...... 147

Englilh . . . . . .288

Chap. XXXII. The cale which the (jrandlon laid down is not like his own title.

Latin ...... 148

Englifli ...... ..90

Chap. XXXI II. In what manner the Right of Inheritance nril aroie.

Latin . . . . .149

Englilh . . . . . .91

Chap. XXXIV. He here lliows what Del'cent is, and what is the nature of its progrels.

Latin . . . . . . 1 50

Englilh ...... ?Q2

Ch.ap. XXXV. The King's Brother here ihows what are the ileps ot delcent.

Latin . . . . .151

Englifli . . . . . • i93

Chap. XXXVI. There is nothing which doth not depend upon the hrit caule through an

unbroken chain of caufes. i

Latin ...... 153

Englilh . . . . . ■ 295

Chap. XXXVII. The King's Daughter cannot be the caule or medium by which his King-
dom defcends to his (jrandlon

Latin . . . . .154

Englifli ...... 297

Chap. XXXVIII. He here conhrms by examples what he proved above by reafon.

Latin . . . . -155

Englilh . . . ... 298

Chap. XXXIX. The judgment palled upon our Hrft parent proves that Ihe was not fiiliie(^I
by the Law of Nature.

Latin . . . . . .157

Englifli ...... 3C0



CoiltCJltS.



Xlll



Cum-. XL. Only married wt)mL'ii are by the Divine Sentence I'ubjed to men.

Latin . . . ■ ■ . 15S

Kn^lilli . . . . • .301

Cmai'. XI>[. The Sim here lliowb that his Mother's hrlt aiVertion has been completely
a[i('wered by her Uncle.

Latin . . . • • .158

Engjifli . . . . ■ -302

Ch\I'. XLII. The fubjeaion of the Woman, after Ihe had linned, diflered from her ,

natural lubjeition in quality, not in lubihmce.

Latin ...... 159

EngliOi . . . . ■ .302

Chaf. XLIIL Not only married, but Tingle women are fubjected to men.

Latin . . . ■ ■ .160

Englilli ...... 3:4

Chap. XLIV. He here ihows that the Divinefentence is repugnant to his Mother's opinion.

Latin . . . . • .161

Englilh . . . ■ . .306

Chap. XLV. In what way the dominion, which on account of fin was given to Man,

difl'ers from the dominion which he had in the time of innocence.

Latin . . . . • .162

Englilh . . . . • ■ lob

Chap, XLVI. A\ oman is fubjeibt to the Man as long as flie obeys him in refpe6l of any
kind ot dominion.

Latin . . . • • ' • 16.3

Englilh . . . . . • 3^^

Chap. XLVIL \\\ the hrll place the (irandfon fcorns the laws of foreign Kings.

Latin . . . . • .165

Englilh . ' . . . ■ ■ 310

Chap. XLVIIL The (irandfon here introduces the Civil Law againll: the replications of his
Cjreat-Uncle.

Latin . . ' . ■ • .165

Englilh . . . • • -3"

Chap. XLIX. .And hrft he proves that laws all and lingular are feafonable in this
contlid:.

Latin ■ . . . • • .166

Englilh . . . • • • . i^

Chap. L. He here iTiows how unlike is the cafe juft laid down to the cafe in difpute.

Latin . . . • • .167

Englift . . . • • • j'jl



xiv Contents.



PACl



Chap. LI. A law promulgated by Man doth not prove that the Law of Nature |)omts

the fame way.

Latin . . . . i6h

Engliih . . . . . -314

Chap. LIL The Civil Law prohibits the (irandfon by a Daughter from fucceedin" to
his Grandfather in honour and dignity.

Latin . . . . . .169



En^li^^



315



Chap. LIIL The Civil Law doth not allow Women to reign, for reafons here affi^ntd.

Latin . . . . . .170

Lnglid-i . . . . . J16

Chap. LIV. The Civil Law does not folve the queftion propol'ed, but renders its
(olution clearer.

Latin . . . . . .171

Englifli . . . . . 318

Chap. LV. As the Civil io alio does the Canon Law rejeft Women from the office of reigning.

Latin . . . .172

Englilli . . . . . . ;i8

Chap. LVL The Apcdtle approves of the things which had been previoufly fanc'^tioned b)'
the Law of Nature.

Latin . . .



En-lifli



■72
3'0



Chap. LVIL The Canon Law, even more ftrongly than the Civil Law, rejecli Woirien
from the kingly oflice.

Latin . . . • ' • ^ • 73



En-lilh



320



Chap, LVIIl. Conclufion of the pleadings, and the Judge's way of preparing himfelf to
pronounce fentence.

Latin . . . . . . I 174

Englilh . . . . . -3^1

Chap. LIX. The Judge firfl: ihows how the Woman is fubordinated to the Man in the ,
order of the univerfe.

Latin . . . . . .174

Englilh ...... J22

Chap. LX. What was the nature of the Man's pre-eminence m the time of his innocence.

Latin ...... 176

Englilh . . . . . ■. . 323

Chap. LXL In what way the [ire-eminence of Man upon earth rclembled the pre-
eminence of an angel in heaven.

Latin . . . . .176

Englifli ...... 324.



Conte?its.

Chai'. LXIl. In what virtues the male fex excels the female.

Latin ......

Englift ......

Chap. LXIH. The pre-eminence of the Man over the Woman is likened to the pre-
eminence of the loul over the body, and the luperior part of the reaton
over the inferior.

Latin ......

Englifli ......

Chap. LXIV. The ^^'riter here combines the different kinds of pre-eminence taken notice
of above.

Latin ......

Englifh ......

Ch.ap. LXV. Pre-eminence is not repugnant to focial life.

Latin ......

Englifh ......

Chap. LXV I, The prehgurement of the Church under the form of a Woman proves the
Woman's fubjeiition to the Man.

Latin ......

Englifh ......

Chai'. LXVII. The Grandfon's title is firft etf'edually difproved.
Latin
Englifh

Chap. LXVIII. Matter introdudtory to the Judgment.

Latin

Englilh
Chap. LXIX. I'he Judgment.

I^atin

Englifh
Chap. LXX. The Author here remit

Latin

Englifh

Chap. LXX I. Cultom cannot confer
which knows no I

Latin

Englifh
Remarks on preceding Treatise
Table of Ouotations to Do.
Notes to Do.



his work for the examinatii)n



the Supreme Pontil?



upon a Woman the right of inheritance in a kingdom
jperior.



XV



177
325



326



179
327



180
329



181
329



181
330



181

330



182
33'



182
331



33^

355"



xvi Contents.

DE LAUDIHUS LKGUM ANGLI/E.

The Introduction .....

The same in English .....

Chap. 1. The Chancellor exhorts the Prince to the itudy of the Laws.

Latin ....

Englifli ....

Chap. IL The Prince's anlwer.

Latin ....

Englifh ....

Chap. IIL The Chancellor enforceth his exhortation.

Latin ....

Englilh ....

Chap. W . He proves that a Prince by the Laws may be made happy.

Latin . . ...

Engliih ....

Chap. V. Ignorance of the Laws caufeth a contempt thereof.

Latin ......

Englifh ......

Chap. VL A repetition of his exhortation.

Latin ......

Englifh ......

Chap. VII. The Prince yields his alTent, but propofes his doubts.

Latin . . . ...

Englifh . . . . . .

Chap. VIII. Such a knowledge of the Law as is necell'ary for a Prince is (oon to be
acquired.

Latin .....

Englifh .....

Chap. IX. A King whole government is [jolitical cannot change the Laws.

Latin . . . . •

Englilh .....

Chap. X. The Prince propofes a queftion.

Latin .....

Englifh .....

Chap. XL The Chancellor's anfwers refers the Prince to his former treatife.

Latin .....

Englifh .....

Chap. XII. How kingdoms ruled by regal government lull began

Latin . . . .

Eniilifli .....



337
385

337

385

338

3«7

33)

339

3B8

34'
390

342
' 391

342
392



343
393

344
394

345
396

345
396

345
396



Conte?its.



xvii



Chap. XIII. How thofe ruled by political government firfl: began.

Latin ......

Englifli ......

Ch.ap. XIV. The Prince abridges what the Chancellor had been dlfcourfing of in the two
foregoing chapters.

Latin

Englifli
Ch.^p. XV. All laws are the Law of Nature, cuftoms or rtatutes

Latin

Englifli
Chap. XVI. The Law of Nature in all countries is the fame.

Latin

Englifli

Chap. XVII. The cuftoms of England are of great antiquity, received and approved of by
five feveral Nations fuccefTively.

Latin

Englilh
Chap. XVIII. How ftatutes are made in England

Latin

Englifli
Chap. XIX. The difference between the Civil Laws and the Laws of England

Latin

Englifli
Chap. XX. The firfl cafe wherein the Civil Laws and the Laws of England dift'e

Latin

Englilli
Chap. XXI. The iiiconvenicncts of that Law which tries caufes by witnefles only

Latin

Englifli
Chap. XXil. Concerning torture, and putting to the rack.

Latin

Englifli
Chap. XXIII. The Civil Law defedlive in doing jufti

Latin

Englifli
Chap. XXIV. The divifion of Counties. Sheriffs and their appointment.

Latin ....

Englifli ....

Chap. XXV. Jurors, how chofen and fworn.

Latin ....

Endifli ....



34^
397



347
399

348
400

349

400



349
401

349
401

350
402

350
403

351

403

352

405

353

407

354
407

355

408



1 ■:» A



XVlll



Cojitents.



Chap. XXVI. How Jurors are informed by evidence. The way of proceeding in Civil Caufes.
Latin ......

Eiinlilh ......

Chap. XXVII. The way of proceeding in Capital Cafes.

Latin ......

Englilh ......

Chap. XXVIII. The J^rince owns his conviftion that the Laws of England are much
more commodious for the fubjciit as to the proceedings in the above
inftances, than the Civil Law.

Latin ......

Englifli ......

Chap. XXIX. The reafons why inqueils are not made up of Jurors of tweh _■ men in
other countries.
Latin
Englift ......

Chap. XXX. The Prince commends the Laws of England with refpeft to their proceeding
by Juries.

Latin .....

Englifh .....
Chap. XXXI. Whether the proceeding by Jury be repugnant to the Law of God, or nut.

Latin ....

Englifh .....

Chap. XXXII. The Chancellor's anfwer.

Latin . . . ' .

Englifh ......

Chap. XXXIII. The Prince afl:s the reafon why fome of our Kings have taken dil'guft
at the laws of England. I

Latin

Englifh . . . . . .'I

Chap. XXXIV. The Chancellor's anfwer. •

Latm . . . . . .

Englifh . . . . . .

Chap. XXXV. The inconveniences which happen in F"rance by means of the abfolute
regal government.

Latin ....'.

Enghfli . . . . . , .

Chap. XXXVI. The comparative advantages in England ; whore the government is of a
mixed nature made up of the regal and political

Latin . .....

Englifh ......



35^
410

357
411



358
412



359
413



360
415

361
415

361
416



363
418

363

418



364
419



3^5
421



Contents.



XIX



Chap. XXXVII. Concerning the regal government and the political government,

Latin ......

Englifli ......

Chap. XXXVIII. The Prince defires the Chancellor to proceed to other cafes wherein the
Law of England and the Civil Law difagree.

Latin ......

EngUni ......

Chap. XXXIX. Concerning the legitimation of children born before matrimony.

Latin ......

Englifh ......

Chap. XL. The reafon why bafe-born children are not in England by the fubfequent

marria;j;e legitimated.

Latin ......

Englifh . . . ■ .

Chap. XLI. The Prince's approbation of the reafons given in the foregoing chapter.

Latin ......

Ejiglidi ......

Chap. XLII. Concerning the rule of the Civil Law, Partm fiDipcr Jt:qidtiir vcntrcm.

Latin ......

Englilh ......

Chap. XLIII. The Prince yields his afleiit to the Chancellor, and dilapproves of the

faid rule.

Latin ....

Englifh ....
Chap. XLIV. Concerning the tuition of orphans.

l-atin ....

Englifli ....

Chap. XLV. Concerning the education of the youn-j nobility during their

Latin ....

Englifli ....
Chap. XLVI. Concerning open theft and private theft.

Latin ....

Englifli ....
Chap. XLVII. The Prince pafTes on to an inquiry why the laws of England are not

taught in our Univeriities.

Latin ......

Englifli ......

Chap. XLVIII. The Chancellor's anfwer.

Latin ......

Endifli ......



ty-



366
422



J67
423

423



369
425

370
427

37'

427



429

373
43'^

373
43'

374
431



374

375
432



XX Contents.



PACE



Chap. XLIX. The difpofition of the general ftudy of the laws of England, of the Inns of
Chancery, and the Inns of Court.

Latin ...... 376

Englifh . . . . . -434

Chap. L. Of the ftate, degree, and creation of a Serjeant-at-Law.

Latin ...... 377

Englifli . . . . . -435

Chap. LI. Of the Judges of the Courts in \Vel1:minfl:er Hall, the manner of their

creation, habit, and employment.

Latin . . . . -379

Englifh . . . . • • 437

Chap. LII. The Prince ftarts an objedion with refpeft to the delays in I.iw pro-

ceedings.

Latin . . . . . . ■ 380

Englifli . . . . . • ^39

Chap. LIII. The Chancellor's anfwer.

Latin . . - . . ;8i

Englifli ...... 1.39

Chap. LIV. The Conclufion.

Latin . . . . . .582

Englifli . . . . . .441



DE DOMINIO REGAL! ET POLITICO.

Chap. I. The Difference betwene Z^om/w///;/; 7?c'_£^rtA', and Dominium Politicum et Regale I 449

Chap. II. Why one King reynith Regaliter tantum, and another reynith, Politice et



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