John Fortescue.

The works of Sir John Fortescue, Knight, Chief Justice of England and Lord Chancellor to King Henry the Sixth (Volume 1) online

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perfon againll: Edward in Durham^ on the ■26fh of June, 1461, and here, as we have ieen,
Sir John Fortefcue was with him. It feems very likely that one of his frrll: adts upon
regaining his freedom was to create a Chancellor, who by fealing his writs with the Great
Seal could help to keep up the appearance of kingly power when but little if its fubilance
remained to him ; and the very prefence in his retinue of the venerable and fuiious Lord
Chief Juftice of England would , in itfelf naturally fuggeft fuch an appointment. That
Henry had a Great Seal after his expulfion we know from Queen Margaret's inftruftions to
Ormond in Portugal where it is exprefsly mentioned. Thus P'ortefciie may well havL- b :en
Henry's Chancellor in England, and while there was ftill fome part of the country wl ich
acknowledged his rule.

This probability feems to have efcaped the notice of fome of his biographers, wl ofe
views of his clami to rank as Chancellor I proceed to give.

Spelman, in his lill of Chief Julfices, fays of him : " Notior in ore omnium nomine
Cancellarii, quam Jufficiarii, diu tamen funiftub elf hoc munere, illo vix aliquando. Cai-
llitui enim videtur Cancellarius, non nili a vifto et exulante apud Scotos Rege 1 lenrico (e> to,
nee referri igitur in archiva regia ejus inftitutio, fed cognofci maxiine e hbelli fui iolius
infcriptlone." j

Selden, in the Preface to his F.dition of " De Laudibus,"' writes: " As to the promotion
of Sir John Fortefcue, there is no doubt but that he was Chancellor in fome fort. I But
when, or to what purpofe, whether even during the adual reign of Henry VI, or fo as to
exercife his office in VVcflminllier Hall, may be a queftion. He accompanied the King 'into
Scotland, and then, or before In England, he might be made Chancellor, as Sir Edvvr.rd Hyde
was in Charles the Second's exile."

The writer in the Biographia Britannica, lays flrefs upon the title of " Chiuf Judge of
England,'" given to Sir John in the pafl'age from Leland, quoted above, faying that " tliis



' Campbell, Lives of Chancellors, i. 370. ^ Fortd'cue, Dl- I.auilihus, by SiKUn, I 737, folio. Fixf.ice, p. xlv
'^ Rolls of Parliament, v. 478. ■* Biog. 15ritt. lulition, 1750, \ol. iii. p. 11)90.



Life of Sir fohn Fortefcue. 1 7

plainly fhews that he was only Chief Juftice when lie attended his Mafter into Scotland,"
he, like others, afTuming that the retreat to that country took place at once ; but
adds, " as from the time that he left King Henry there lie never faw him any more,
there feems to be no room to doubt that he received the Great Seal from that King there
as Joon as it was known that George, IJifhop of I'Aeter, afterwards Archbifliop of York,
continued to bear the title, and execute the office of Lord Chancellor by the authority of
King Edward."

If this be correcft, Fortefcue was for fome months Chancellor in England ; and the
abfence of his name from the Roll of Chancellors is alfo accounted for.

Lord Campbell,' who writes of him with veneration, " fufpefts that he had only the
titular office of Chancellor in partibus," but, neverthelefs, fays that he feels called on to
mclude him in his feries of Englifh Chancellors; while many of the older writers, as Bale,"
copied by Pits, Fuller," Pole,^ and Tanner,'^ ftyle him Chancellor of L'.ngland witnout any
expreHions of doubt, or qualification.

Sir John remained in Scotland with Henry upon his retirement there from Berwick, the
Scotch King having, either from pity for his misfortunes, or in return for Henry handing
over to him that town, allowed him to take up his abode in Edinburgh, when he was lodged
in the Grey Friars," a refidence which his love of folitude felefted.

Here Margaret's energies were foon employed in trying to engage the King of France
to interkre in behalf of his nephew, her hufliand, and ihe prepared to fail for that country
with the Prince, but the death of Charles VII. at this time feejris for the prefent to have
flopped her, and, as the following letter Chows, with good reafon : —



LETTER/ro/« Lord Hungerford and Sir Robert Whityncham to Qliee.n'e Margaret.

A la Reyne D'engleterre,

Efcote,

Mada.m, — Pleafe it yo'' gode God we have fith our comyng hider writen to yo'' Highnes
thryes the lall: we fent by Bruges to be fent to you by the firil veflell that went into Scotland
the Oder two letters we fent from Depe the t'on by the Carvell in the whiche we came and
the oder in a noder veflell but madam all was oon thyng in fubftance of puttyng yoi. in
knolege of the Kyng your Uncles deth whom Goil aHbyli and howe we ftade arell and doo



Cainpbtll, vol. i. p. 370. ^ Pole, Collr6"lions tor Dlvoii.

Rale, Scriptorts Mag. Britt. (8th CLiitiiiy). ^ Tanner, Bibl. Hint. I lib.

Fuller, VVortliies of England. ^ Guthrie, Hist. linj;. \ul. li. p. (jt)!.



i'"



1 8 Life of Sir Jofm Fortefcue.

yet, but on tuyfday next we truil and underllande we fhall up to the Kyng yo'' Cofyn
germayn, his comyfTaries at the firfl: of our tarryuig toke all our letters nnd writyngs anc
here theym up to the Kyng Icvyng my Lord ofSom'fet in kepyng ,itte Callell of Arkes am
my felowe Whityngham and me, ff-br we had fauff conduft in the Town of Depe where wl
ar yete. But on Tyyiday next we underllande that it pleafeth the faid Kyngs I lighnes that
we fhall come to hys p'fence and ar charged to bring us up Mons''. de CreO'ell novve Baillyf
of Canfe and Mons''. de la Mot. Madam ferth you not but be of gode comfort and beware
that ye aventiu-e not your p'fon, ne my Lord the Prynce by the fee till ye have oder worti
from us in leffe tlian your p'lon cannot be fure there as )'e ar, that extreme necellite dryfe
you thens and for God fake the Kyngs Highnes be advyfed the fame, ffor as we be enformed
Therll of March is into Wales by land and has fent his navy thider by fee, and Ma Dame
thynketh verily we fliall not foner be delyvered but yt we woll come l1:regl>t to you w'aui
Deth take us by the wey, the which we trull he will not till we fee the Kyng and you
peiffible ayene in your Reame, the which we befech God foon to fee and to fend ydu that
your Highnes defireth. Writen at Depe the xxx" day ot Auguft. (1461).

Yo' true Subgettes and Liege men

HuN'GERKOiLD,
WhTTYNGH AM.

At the bottom of the copy of the Letter is added : —

Thefe are the names of thofe men that ar in Scotland w' the Ouene. The K /ng
Henry is at Kirkhowbre w' tour men and a childe. (^lene Margaret is at Edenbi rgh
and hir Son. The Lord Roos and his Son.



John Ormond
Will'm Taylboys
S"' John Fortefcu
S'' Thomas Lyndern
S'' Edmund Hampden
S'' Henry Roos
John Courtney
Myrfyn of Kent
Waynesford of London
Tho' Thompfon of Guynes
Tho^ Brampton of Guynes
John Audeley of Guynes'



Langheyn of Irland

Thomas Philip of Ipfwich

Danfon

Tho' Bimiby

Borret of SuiTex

S'' John Welpdalle

M' Roger Clerk of London

John Retford late Coi bitt

Giles Seni5llowe

John Hawt



F.iiloii LitiLis, \ol. i. p. -;40.



Life of Sir fohji Fortefciie. 19

Henry, meanwhile, continued in Scotland, the Chancellor employing his leifure in com-
pofing thofe "' wrytings lent out of Scotteland," which he was dcllined afterwards to explain
or refute to King Edward's fatistatlion. Tie tells us that he was " Chief Councillor to the
King in Scotland," and therefore mufl: have had much to fay to the various negotiations for
his maft:er's reiloration, carried on witli his party in England, as well as with foreign
Potentates.

In November of this year, Edward the Fourth called his firft Parliament at Weftminfter.
Both Houfes, entirely fubmillive to the new King, who indeed left them no Jiberty to
oppofe him, declared the three lafl Sovereigns no better than ufurpers,' and, having annulled
many of their afts, proceeded to pafs a moft fweeping Aft ot Attainder againll Henry the
Sixth, his Oueen, and his Son, the Dukes of Somerlet and Exeter, with i.'S Lords,
Knights, Priefts, and Efquires ;' among thefe, was Sir John Fortefcue. The acT:s of treafon
with which he is charged are the Battle of Towton, on the 2C)th of March, and the rifmg.
or fkirmifhes at Brauncepeth and liyton on the 26th of Jime.

Here are the fentences which affeft him: — ■

"And where alfo Henry Duke of Exceftre, Henry Duke of Somerfet . . . John Fortefcue,
Knight (with many befides), on Sunday, called comynly Palm Sunday, the xxixth day of
Marche the firft yere of his reigne, in a field bitwene the townes of Shirbourne in tdmett,
and Tadcaft', in the faid Shire of York, accompanyed with the Frenflimen and Scotts
the Kynge's ennemyes, falfely and traitoroufly ayenft their teith and Liegeaunce, then
vexed werre ayenft the fame Kyng Edward, their rightwife true and naturall leige
Lord, purpofyng there and then to have deftroyed hym, and depoled hym of his
Roiall Coroune and Dignite ; and then and there to that intent, falfely and traiteroufly
moved bataille ayenft his feyd aftate Hiedying therin the blode ot a grete number ot hys
Subjetts."

"And over that, when the faid' Henry late called Kyng of Englond the Sixth, and
alfo Thomas Lord Roos, Thomas Gray, L,orde Rugemonde Grey, Humfrey Dacre
Knyght, John Fortefcu Knyght, William Taillboys Knyght, Edmund Mountford
Knyght, Thomas Neville late of Brauncepath iti tlie Bifoprycke ot Durham Clerk,
Humfrey late of the fame Squier, and Thomas Elwythe late of Caleys Squier, the
xxvl day of June laft paft, at Ryton and Brauncepath in the Bifoprycke of Durliam
with ftandards and gyturons unrolled, vexed werre ayenft oure feid Lord Kyng Edward,
purpofyng to have depofed hym of his Roiall Aftate, Coroune, and Dignite, ayenft their
feith and Liegeaunce, &c. &c.

" It be declared and adjuged by th' aftent and advis of the Lords Spuelx, and Temporelx,
and Commyns, beyng in this prefent Parlament, and by auClorite of the fame, that they

' StatutL-s at Large, vol. i. l Ed. IV. cap. i. '' Ixolls of Parliament, vul. v. ji. 463



:f -.a






20



T-j'ife of Sir yohn Fortcfcue.



[here the names are recited again, including Sir John Forteicue, Knyght] for their traltorefll-
offences and tranfgrenions atore declared, committed and doon ayenlT: the feid Aftatc
Coroime and Dignite of oure fcid Soverayne Lord Kyng Edward .he fourth, ftand and be
convyifted of high treafon, and forfeit all the Caftelles, Maners, Londes, LordOiips, Teiites,
Rentes, Services, l^'ees, Advoufons, Hereditaments, and PolTeflions, with their appurtenances,
which they or any of theym had, of eilate of enheritaunce, or eny other to their or any of
their ufe hadde, the feide fourth day of March, within Knglond, Irlond or Wales, or Caleys,
or in the Marches thereof."'

The etlates which the Chancellor loft by his attainder were foon after granted to adherents
of the conquering party, his manor of Ebrington being given, as before mentioned, to Sir
John Burg," and other lands to John Lord Wenlock,' a zealous Yorkill.

It was not .until the fpring of tlie next year that Margaret went to Frai ce. She fiiiled
from Kirkcudbright in April, 1462,* with four fhips and a fmall attend; nee, landing in
Brittany, where the Duke gave lur an honourable reception,^ and twelve thoufmd crowns.
She then proceeded to her father's Duchy of Anjou," and finally to the Court of Louis the
Eleventh at Chinon.

The new King was not v/arm in his iupport of his kinfwoman's cauie, but was at ail:
prevailed on by her entreaties, and by the offer of Calais as a fecurity, to lend her ivveity
thoufand crowns, and to allow Pierre Breze, the Senefchal of Normandy, to folKjw ur
fortunes with two thoufand men.

After a ilay of feveral months Margaret (ailed from France, and after many adventures on
the coaiT: of Northumberland, where flie landed fome troops who were forced by the Eng'ifh
to re-embark with great lofs, fhe with the reniains of the expedition reached Berwick. Mere
Henry and the Prince joined her from Edinburgh, and a defcent upon lingland was
organized, when Bamborough, Alnwick, and other ilrong places fell into the hands of' the
Lancallrians,' who were joined by the Duke of Somerfet and Ralf Percy, and by maiiy of
the inhabitants of thofe parts. But when the Earl of Warwick arrived in the North |with
twenty thouiand men, and King Edward with as many befides, the iffue of the Itrugtde was
no longer doubtful ; and on the 17th of May, 1464, the Lancaftrians were totally and filially
defeated at Hexham, Henry himfelf efcaping with difficulty. He fied once more to Scot-
land;" but after a time, urged, no doubt, to leave that country by the Scotch King, who
had made terms with Edward the Fourth, he went into Lancafliire and Weifmoreland,
where the people were attached to his caufe and kept him hid; but being at lal; difcovered,
he was taken prifoner in June, 1465, and committed to the Tower, where he -emained for
feven years.



' Roll.s of Parliament, v. 478. ■■ Linfjard, v. 176.

■^ Atkin's Gloucefterfhirt, ]i. 425; tee Bioj^'. Britt. p. 1994. '' Guthiic, llilL of I'JigLiinl.

^ Rolls of Parliament, v. 581. ' liolinOiud (410.), vol. iii. p. 282.

' William of Wyrcclier's Chronicle, A. D. 1462. " Rapin.



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Ljije of Sir yohn Fortefcue. 2 1

It would appear that Margaret and the Prince took refuge in the ftrong fortrefs of
Bamborough Caftle, flill in the hands of their party.

Fortefcue, who had accompanied the Royal party in tliis campaign, was ,iow finally
parted from his unfortunate niaftcr. He remained with the (Jucen and Prince at
Bamborough ; and when it was determined that they fhould proceed to the Continent,
he refolved to attend them, and after a fliort delay embarked in their company at Bam-
borough, with fome other perfons of note. Their names are preierved by William of
Worcelter, viz. : —

The Duke of Exeter,' Sir Thomas Ormonde,

Sir John Fortefcue, Sir Robert Whytyngham,

Sir Edmund Mundeforde, ' Dodor John Morton,
Sir Edward Hampden, Doctor Robert Makcrel.

Sir Henry Roos,

With many hefides of lower degree, whofe names are not recorded, to the number of
two hundred perfons. They landed at Sluys, in h'landers, then part of the dominions
of the Duke of Burgundy, and were hofpitably received by the Count of Charolois, his
eldeft fon, who took the Oueen to Bruges, providing for the wants of the party with great
liberality, and afterwards led them to his father's court at Lifle, where they remained tor
fome time, the Duke giving a thouland crowns for their maintenance. They poilibly,
however, outftayed their welcome, for Rapin relates from Philip de Comines, that the
Royal exiles here endured great nfifery, and that the Duke of Exeter, before his rank vas
known, was feen by De Comines following the Duke ot Burgundy's carriage baretoot.'
The next journey was to Lorraine, where Margaret's father, Rene of .Viijou, titular King ot
Jerufalem and Sicily, was Duke. This prince, who had inherited from his father the
adjoining duchy of Bar, fucceeded to that of Lorraine in right of his mother, Ifabella, only
daughter of the former Duke. He received his daughter and grandfon with kindnefs, and
gave them and their followers a retreat in Barrois, or Berry, as the old authors write it.
The place afligned to them was St. Mighel, a fmall town on the right bank of the Meufe,
which there flows through a narrow valley fliut in by high hills; the Englilh exiles were
lodged in the fortrefs.

It was probably at this time that Fortefcue, defiring to forward Henry's caufe, made
the journey to Paris to which he prefently alludes ; we know, however, that before
the end of the year he was fettled at St. Mighel. A letter from him to the Earl cf
Ormond in Portugal is extant in the Imperial Library in Paris, which will be read with



' William of Wyrcefter's Chronicle. ^ Kapin, i. 600.



:>■< 'Jil



"V7






22 Life of Sir foh):. Fortefaie.

intereft, as fliowing the ftraits and poverty to which he was reduced. It is very illuftrative
of the times and circumftances ; as are the inftruftions which he drew up at the fame time
for the Earl's guidance, and the high-founding Latin of the letter which he compofed for the
Prince to the King of Portugal. Not lefs fo is the note of the former to Lord Orniond,
" written with his own hand " when he could not have been more than eleven years old,
the date o\ his birth being the ijth of Ocftober, 145"?.'

I am not aware that any of thefe documents here given have been publillied before;
they are from the Baluze colledion.



Letter of Edward, Prince of Wales, _/i?;/ of Henry VI., to the King of Portugal,
afiing him to ajffl in the rejioratioii of Ki>ig Uenry to the throne of E •gland. Dated
13 December.

Serenissime princeps. Poft debitas recommendationes veftrique incolumitatem opt ita n.
Cum plurimos geftis mclitis elucentes viros tacita mente perfcrutor, hos maxime c ui
virtutem et gloriam afiequuti percelebri laude fupra fidera efteruntur, nullos claiior-s,
nuUos majori gloria apud mortales adornatos comperio his quos zelus, neceditudo, j atr a,
caritas, ad gefta magnifica advocavit. Hos cnim non ignis, non enfis, non gladius, no.i i] fa
mors humani terror generis abfterrebat, nee quicquam arduum erat quod eis pro reipublicK
augmento ac defenfione durum aut difficile videbatur. Maximum itaque decus fe putabant
adeptos, cum ob virtutem maximum aliquid aggrederentur. In vobis igitur, illuflriirn.ie
princeps, optima mihi repofita fpes eft, qui juftitia, prudentia, fortitudine, temperant a,
magnanimitate, ac omni tandem virtute et gloria, adeo polletis, ut nulli nunc orbe princ pum
humanitate fecundus videamini, ficque polletis uti cum vires hauferim et in viriles evaferim
annos, ca;teros inter mundi principes veftri fimilem fore in re militari, probitate, et gl'uria
fumme exoptem. Hifque veftris virtutibus praxlarifhmis lunune congratulor, eoque magis
jocundius atque feftivius quo ex inclitinima domo Lancaftrix fama per mundum et fuper
ivthera nota prodiiftis, cujus jam ulcifci injurias horum eft qui ab ea procelTerunt. Topirum
laudibus excelfis ac nunquam in a;vum morituris extollebat antiquitas, ardua atque max. ma
paftum, ut vi gladii Babylonios rebellantes fubditos regi fuo faceret; injuriam enim a fubditis
regi fa6tam fibi etiani fadtam aebat, adque jus regum et decus pertinere' contra tvrannos kk
invicem totis viribus confolari, defendere, adjuvare. Romani infuper, dum nobilitate ac
militari gloria per orbem floruere, tunc maximum decus fe adepturos rati funt cum regiones,
provincias, civitates, cum propinquos fanguine, amicos, reges, aut principes injui ia Liceflitos
omni conatu etiam ad extremum fanguinem dcfenderent. Namque jufticia; non modica



Lingard.



L,ife of Sir yo/in Fortcfcue. 23

portio eft injuriam proximo illatain, ac longe fortius fanguini proprio, propulfare. Id
terme noii niodo pofitiva aut civiuni politica lex, fed ipfa natura iuadct atque jubct ; hue
ipfos quafi frequentibus ftimulis contra tyrannos contraqiie rebL-IIes ad enfcm, ad lanceam, ad
omnia denique armorum genera viribus totis urgubat. (^lorfutn ha'c cum vos ipfe litis,
inclitiflime princeps, quern non minori laude quani Scipiones ipfos, Fabios, quam Fabriciuni,
quam Achiilem, quam Heiil:orem, aut Herculem ipfuni, admirando animi rohore lingua"
pxne cuni5torum indeteffe glorilicant. Id a tanto I'rincipe ferendum non a-ftimu ut regius
domini ac patris mei ftatus fplendorque J.ancaftrie domiis, cujus ipfe columna eftis, tyran-
norum rebelliumque malitia obfcuras ad tenebras excidat, cujus ante hac fama pra;fulgens
per orbis refplenduit climata. MeminiHe igitur vos regii ftatus, mcminilTe donuis et
fanguinis, meminifTe liga) ab olim contrafta" vulim, ut jus ac regale decus ad la'fi regis
defenfionem, ad domus et fanguinis tuitioneni natura, amicitia; vero vinculum taks inter
principes ab antiquo contracfte inconvulfe fervandum lex ipfi atque rei publicte zelus
commoveat. Parcite, precor, fi iniportunus videar ; nam res patris agitur, res filii agitLU",
et omnium principum res ac caula agitur; fanguinis etiam ipfa eonjunftio me magis his,
licet primis meis litteris, audacem tacit. Si quid igitur harum contemplatione agere hac
juventute mea velitis, cum ad annos pervenerim fixum vobis ac folidum poftfuturis tem-
poribus in omni re veftra confanguineum, et ft fie placeat, fine fuco amicum comparabitis.
De injuriis vero domino ac patri meo illatis latior elTem nifique confanguineus meus, comes
Ormundia-, qui jam vobifcum eft, omnia dicet, quie certe talia funt ut neminem liominum
arbitror quern non ad iarga lacrimarum flumina commoverent. Pro ipfi autem ampliftima
humanitate veftra quam fibi, necnon magiftro Rogero, conhlii domini mei clerico bene-
merito, feciftis, quantas pofluni immo infinitas gratias et do et oftero, poftea, tluce Cnrifto,
fecundis temporibus daturas ampliores, qui vos feliciter ac diu regnare faeiat ad nominis
veftri decus fempiternum.

Ex Sanfto Michaeli in Barro, tcrcio decimo Decembris.

Wallia;' princeps vefter ad vota paratiirmuis confanguineus

EnWARDUS.

Letter from Sir John Fortescue to the Earl of Ormond, containing directmn how
to proceed in his mijfion into Portugal, to obtain ajjijhuue for Henry WI, at that
time dethroned by Edward IV.

Rvghte worfhipfulle and myne efpecially belovyde lord, I recommaunde me to you; and



' The concluding jiart ol' this letter is in tile bold but unformed writing of the prince. The se.d is ext.int.
There is no addrefs, but on the back is written " Fro |)rincipe," concerning which, see the ne\l letlcr. The
paper is strong, thick, and highly gl,i/ed. No w.iter-ni.uk i.^ vilible, but the wire-maii.s ol its labiii are ikarlv
perceptible.



K -1



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'1






24 -^?7^' ^f ^^''' y^^^fi Fortefcue.

it is ib that in the fcfte of the Concepcioune of our Ladv I refccyvide, at Scynte Mighal in
Barroys, frome you a lettre vvrityne at Porte in Portiiigale, on Monday nexte before the fefte
ot Seynte Mighel, to my righte finguler comlort, dod knowith. Of vvliich lettre the quene,
my lord prince, and alle theire fervantes were fulle gladde, and namely of youre welfare
and efcapynge the power of youre ennymyes. And it is fo that tlie quene nowe defircthe
you to do certayne mellage frome here to the kynge of Portyngale, of whiche ye moure
clerely underftande here entente by an inftrudione, and alfo by here lettres, whiche here
highneffe now fendithe to you by the berer hereof VVherfore I write nowe noihynfre to
you of tho materes.

And as touchynge the fauf condude whiche ye defire to have of the kynge of Fraunce,
it were gode that ye hadde it. And yet yf his iiyghnefle do to us nothynge but righte, the
quenes certificat, whiche we lende to you herewith, lliulle be to you fwerte fi fficiant. Noe-
theleiTe I counfeille you not to trufte fermely theruppone, and therbv to a -enture you tu
paffe thorghe his lande, for he hathe made many appoyntements withe oure rebellrs, by
whiche it femythe he hathe not alwey entended to kepe the peace and triwes whiche he m. de
withe us; but yet I knawe no caufe that he hathe to breake hit, nor hetherto he hathe :iot
takene nor iniprifoned any mane ot oure partie by any foche occafione. And Thomas Sc. les
liathe fente me worde that he hopithe to mowe gete, by the meanes of my lord Senyfi ha le,
a faut condude for you. And elles my lord of Kendale canne fynde the meanes hove ye
mowe pafle foche parties of Gyane, Langdok, and other, whereas moft juperte is, as ye Ihulle
be in no perille. My lord of Somerfet that now is and his brother come frome Britayne by
Parys thorghe Fraunce unto the quene withe vj. horfes, and no mann refonyd ham in thi re
way. And fo didde I from Parys into Barroys ; but yet this is no verrey furety to y< u.
Wherfore your aune wyfdome mod: gyde you in this cafe, not truitynge myne a Ivi "e,
that knawe not the maner of this contrey as ye do ; but yet I wote welle that a bille figned
with my lorde Senyfchalle is hande (hall be fufficiant unto you to pafle thorghe outejalle
Fraunce.

My lord, herebuthe withe the quene the dukes of Exceftre and Somerfet, and his brot'ier,
whiche, and alfo fir Johne Courtenay, buth defcended of the houfe of Lancaftre. Alfo here
buthe my lord Prive Seal, mafter Johne Mortone, the biishope of Seynte Aife, fire Edm'jiid
Mountford, fir Henry Roos, fir Kdmond Hampdene, fir William Vaux, fir Robert Whit-
yngham, and I, knyghtes, my maifter youre brother, William Grymmefliy, William Jofepe,
fquiers for the body, and many other worfliiptulle fquiers, and alfo clerkes. \Vi buthe alle



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