John Fortescue.

The works of Sir John Fortescue, Knight, Chief Justice of England and Lord Chancellor to King Henry the Sixth (Volume 1) online

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fn grete poverte, but yet the quene fufleynethe us in mete and drinke, fo as we buthe not in
extreme neceilite. Here highnefie may do no more to us thanne Hie dothe. '-Vhjrfore I
counfeille you to fpend fparely foche money as ye have, for whanne ye come iiether ye fliulle
have nede of hit. And alfo here buthe maney that nede, and wolle defire to parte with you
of youre aune money ; and in all this contray is no manne that wolle or may lene you any



Zy//t' of Sir yu/r/i Fortejcue. 25

money, have ye never fo grcte ncdc. We have hL-re none other tythinges, but foche as huthe
in yourc inftriiccione.

Jteni, yf ye fyndc the kynge of Portingale entretablc in cure materes, fjiarithe not to tarie
longe withe hym. iVnJ \1 vc tynde him alle eftraunge, dilpendithe nut )'oiir nu)ncy in that
contrey in idilce ; for after that ye came hithere, hit is hke that ye fluillc be piitte to grete
coftes fone uppone, and peradventure not long tarie here.

Item, my lord Prince fendithc to you nowe a lettre writyne withe his awne hande, Jmd
another lettre directed to the kynge of Portyngale, ot whiche I lende nowe to you the double
enclofyd hereyn.

I write at Seynt Mighel in Barroys, the xiij. daye of Decembre.

Your fervant,

J. Fortes 'u.'



My lord, by caufe we knew not verrely the kynge of Portingale is
name, the qucne is lettre hathe no iupcrlcnpcione, nor the lettre tro my
lord Prince ; but ye moure knowe ham alio welle by the feales as liy
this, that in the fyde where the feal is fette of the quenes letter is writyne
thife wordes, " Pro Regina," and in like wyfe in my lordes lettre is
writyne, " Pro Principe." And I feiide to you hereyn foche wordes of
fuperfcripcion as ye Hialle fette uppone bothe lettres, whiche wordes
butlie writyn withe the liande of the clerke that hath, writyne bothe
lettres.

Item, the berer hereof had of us but iij. fcutes for alle his coftes
towardes you, by c;uiie wee hadde no more money.

i^DorJo.) To the righte vvorHiiphille and my fingulerly belovide
lorde, the Erie of Qrmonde.






Instructions given by Ouizen M.^^rcaret to the Earl of Ormond refpeffivg liis miffion I
to Portugal to obtain ajjiftance for the reftoration of Henry the Sixth.

Here folowilhi- an injlruccione made by the ^lene of Euglandc unto the erle of Ormonde and to muijier \
Raider Touge, clerke of the kynges counfeille of Englande, for the expedicijne of Joche materei ,, s the
I^nene defretke to be fpedde at this tyme for the kynge her hnfluind withe the kynge of Portyngale here
nioji dere eofyne. ■■

First, that they thanke the kyng, here fiide coufyne, of the favoure and gode wille whiche



^ '•Your Jerxant. J. Fortfcuf is in thu autOi,rr;ipli of Sir John, The leal given above is tli.it wliicli In-
commonly ulfd.



1 : ^■>



2 6 -^^j^ of Sir yo/ui Forte/ cue.

he hathe alvvay borne and fliewyi-l to the kynge here huibaiide ; ani.i namely in this now, his
grete trouble and hers. And in fpecialle, of the grcte favoure whiche he fliewyde luito
William Jofep, fquier for the kynges body, in his late beynge withe hym by here eom-
maundement for the kynges matcres, and pray hym of like contyniKiunce.

Item, that they lete here faide eoufyne clerely underftonde that (^iblefled be Almyghty
God,) the kynge here hufliand is in gode hcle, out of the liundes of his rebelles, and in
fewerte of his perfone, as here highnefle hadde late writynge tVome him, enfealed withe his
fignet and fignyde with his owne hand, whiehe is ounedoutedly knawene to here felfe and to
alle here counfeille.

Item, the queue wille that the faide erle and clerke i'aye unto the iaide kynge here
eoufyne howe that the kynge liere huibande and alfo here felfe have a tulle, finguler, and
terme trufte tipipone the gode wille, frenlhipe and ayde of hvm in this theire gretteft and
extreme necefiite ; coniiderynge not onely tfie njghnefle of- theire blode, and tliat tlicy, bothe
kynges, buthe defeended of the houfe of Lancaitre, whiehe alway hathe bene rennomyde of
linguler kyndeneffe, fay the and ftabilnefle, but alfo the longe contynewyd amy tee, peace, and
gode wille, whiche have be betwene the lame kynges and theire reaumes. And moil: tne
queue hathe in here mynde of how grete noblelTe, wyfdome, and prueHe here faide coulyn of
Portingale is nowe namyd and knowene througji oute the woilde, and thertore an. on ;e
other caufes cliofyn and made b}' the fiide k)'nge here hulLand, while he was in profpjriie,
and by the hole chapiter of the ordre of the Garter, a knyghte of the faiue ordrr, by
whiche confideracione flie hathe noo litelle trulte of the ayde of tlie faide kynge here eoufyne ;
but moft by confideracion that he is a Chrillian kynge, and the wronge W'hiche no\ e
is done to the kynge here hufband by his oune fubgettes and liegemen is an injurie ai d
difhonoure to alle kynges, and mater of boldeneffe to alle lubjecles tor to rebelle ayt ii
theire ibvereyne lordes, to the perllle and imfiwerte of alle prlncelTe, yf it be not ponyfshed.
And as a wronge done to a man of the Clurche whanne it lownythe to the diflionoiure
or perille of the remenant of the Chirche is, and fo aughte be, takyne as a thynge
harmetulle to alle the Chirche, and in like wyfe done kinghtes whanne any thynge
is done to the diilionoure of knvghtehode, and wynuuen, whanne any tliynge is done
to the difhonoure of wymmenhode, moche more aughte every kynge make hym Idlfe
partie .whanne any thynge is done to the diflionoure or perille of the religione and ellate
of kynges.

Item, that they lete here faide coufyn underftande howe that the more partye of the
people of England, and namely the beft diipoiede men of the fuue, kepyne t uwely and
fermely theire fiithe and love to the kynge here hufliand, and tayne wolde flicw ; ham felte
ioche, but they dar not do fo as well for fere of tyrannic and mordi-e whiche fhiild be done
uppon ham as by caufe they have no grete lorde to be theire ca[)itayne that wille and darre
fliewe hym felfe foche and kepe the t'ylde, wliile the kynges welle ditpofede people myghte



'Life of Si?' yohji Foj'tefcue. 27

he afTemblede and come unto hym. Whcrfore it fhalle nede that the quene gate fome notable
and manly prince, or other capitayne, accompanved with iij. m"-'. menne at the lelT; wcllc
garnyfshed withe habilymentes ot werre, whiche myghte take and kepe a fvldc in fochc
parties of England as the queue's counieille knowithe belle difpofede to this cafe, into t)ie
tyme the people myghte by boldnelie ot" ham fhewe ham felfe and come unto ham.
Whiche and hit were done they fluilde be in myght fufficiant; namely, yf thannc the
kynge were witlie ham in perfone, for by comfort of his prefance they fhulde fone be grete
in nombre, and his rebelles fore ferde to come agayne hym. iVnd foche as Hiulde be,
broughte thereto by his rebelles wolde thanne be fayne to come ynne to him, and have his
grace, levynge the iame rebelles partie or turnynge uppone ham, as is moil like. And as
the quene is faythfully informede, the moft partie of the comyne that buthe nowe ladde by
the world fayne do. Wherfor yf the kyn.ge, here iaide coufyn, myghte be entrete ie to
helpe the kynge here hulband in this cafe withe a capitayne anc, the nombre of iij. m^ men,
here counfeille feethe clerly that the kynge here hufband lliuld thereby be furely broughte
into his reaume and fette in refte in the fame, and that thenne by that meane the kynge of
Portingale myght have at his neceifite at his oune wille the hole myghte of England to
refifte and chaifiie liis ennemyes, and to detende and helpe his frendes, and fo in alle his
nedes have the hole mvghte of bothe reaumes.

Item, the Chaunceller of England and other perfones, whiche buthe nowe in thife parties
have fufficiaunt auftorite and power under the kynges grete feal to bynde the reaume of
England, and alle other of the kynges pofleirions and lordlliippes, for the repayment of alle
fuche coltes and expenfes as llialle be done for the kynges caufe in this cafe. And wolle be
alwey redy to make the fureties thereof, whenne fo ever hit ihaile be thoughte unto the
queene necefTarie that they fo do.

Item, yf the faide erle and clerke fynde the kvnge of Portingale iovynge and tender to
the kynges partie, and of gode hele to helpe hym in his quarelle, thanne they mowe dciire
the fame kynge to write to the Emperoure and to the EmperelTe his fufter, whiche alfo is
diicended of the houfe of Lancaftre, to fhewe theire favoures and gode wille to the Iaide
quarelle, and to helpe in that they maye, that the Pope and the collage of Cardinales do the
fame. And in like fourme that the fame kynge of Portingale write to my lord Charles,
whiche alfo is difcended of the fame houfe, commendynge hym of his perfeverant kyndnefle
whiche, after the nature of that houfe, he fhewithe to the kynge his coufyne ' of Englande in
his grete trouble, and praye hym of contynuaunce, letyng hym wete that he v/olle do die
fame.

Item, fithen the kynge of Spayne hathe weddede another fufter to the kynge of Port m-



Henry III. married, in 1388, CuthL-rinc duugiitcr of tiic DuUu ol Lancafier.






„ 1



,■'■■ I'll



■)f ; ,f(!J7]



2 8 L,ife of Sir 'John For tcj cite.

gale, he mayc the better he entretede that he allie hym not withe the kynges rebelles, but be
vvelle willede to the kynges partie, and that we mowe have tree pallatre throughe his rcaume.
And yf lie wolde take oure partie, we niyghte thaiine be myghty yn )vve bothe by fee and
by lande, and he therby have with us a perpetualle peace, and thanne have alle oure myghte
ayene his ennemyes, whiche lluilde be the grettcll gode that of many yeres hathe eoniyne to
his reaunie; and, namely, for the merchandifes and fliipjies of the fame. And tiiefe ij.
kynges myght peradventure caufe us, and theyme felfe by the means of us, to make and have
a perpetualle peace withe the reaume of F'raunce. ■

Item, the kynge of Portingale may fone fynde the meanes howe alle foche cardinales of
his reaume and ot Spayne, as buthe in the courte, mowe be made tVcndely to oure partie.

Margaret.'
(^Dorfo.) To my lord of Ormonde.

Holograph Letter of Edward Prince of Wales, /o« 0/ Henry VI, to the Earl o'
Ormond, iipoji his niijjion Into Portugal, to obtain ajjifiance for the reJloratio>i of Kiiiy^
Henry.

Cousin Ormond, I grete yow hertlv welle, acerteynyng yow that I have herd rythegod;
and honorabele report ot your fad, wife and manly gyding agevnti: my lordis rebellis ami
your adverfaries, in the witche ye have purcheafed unto yow perpetually lawd and worfnip.
And I thanke God, and fo do ye alllb, that ye at alle tymes under His proteccione have
eicaped the cruelle maliie ot your iayd adverfaries.

And for aimotch as I underl-tand that ye ar nowe in Portingale, I pray yow to put ■vow
in the uttremoft ot your devoir to labore unto the kyng of the fayd royalme for the fonler
ance and fetyng torthe of my lord in the recuvering of his ryght and fubduing of his rebelHs.
Wherin yf ye fo do, as 1 have for undowted that yewyll, I truif lume frute llialle folue, with
Godis mercy, witche fpede yow well in alle your workes. 1

Writen at Seynt Mychael in Barr, w' myn awn hand, that ye mey fe how gode wrytare

1 am.

I

Edward.
(JDorfo.) To my cofyfi the Erie of Ormonde.

I

The letter from Margaret to King Altbnzo, mentioned by Fortefcue, has not been
preferved.

The King ot Portugal at this time, whofe name was not known to Fortefcue, was



' Margaret R., the Queen's autograijli.



:l v'



Ljijc of Sir yo/i/i Fortejciie. 29

Alfonzo V, his grandmother was Philippa, daughter to John of Gaunt the Duke of
Lancaltcr,' who married Joam I. of Portugal in 14OJ.

The iMiiperor ot Ciermany was I'Vederick HI, married to Eleonora, daughter of Kirig
Edward of FortugaL The King of Spain was Henry IV, married to a Purtuguefe
Infinta ; he was ahb rehited to Henry VI. of England in the fame degree as liis wife, his
grandmother being Catherine, another daughter of the Duke of Lancailer.

The Earl of- Ormond above mentioned was John, tlie fixth of that title ; he was prefent
with his elder brother, James fifth Earl of Ormond, and Farl of Wiltfliire, at the battle of,
Towton, and was in confequence attainted ; he fucceeded nominally to his brother's Earldom
of Ormond upon the beheading of the latter by the Yorkilts at Newcaftle, (May i, 1461),
and torthwith fied to Portugal.

We find Fortefcue, after a ifay of fome months at St. Mighel, again engaged in pr- iFmg
his mafter's caufe upon the Ereneh King. 1 lenry fent him his eredentials ms one 1 f his
ambafladors from Edinburgh in Mareh ; and he foon after accompanied to Paris the famous
Lancaftrian Jafpar Tudor P'arl of Pembroke, Oueen Catherine's {on by her ("ccond hufband,
Owen ap Tudor, and therefore half brother to Flenry.

There is fome mention of this journey in a dcf'patch from the autliorities at Ivouen to
their King, announcing the arrival of Pembroke and " the Chancellor of England," from
which it appears that Louis, who willied to come to terms with Edward IV, had
already thought it wile to withdraw the right of free accels to him and his country wliich
Henry's friends h.ad enjoyed, by rec]uiring that all EnglilEmen fhould be furnifhed with a
fate-conduft before they were allowed to pals through France.

Sir John had joined Pembroke in Manders, and there learning the need of fome
protedtion, they had recourfe to the friendly Count of Charolois, who gave them letters to
fmooth their way to Paris.

Here follows the difpatch : —

I 2 June.
Nori(.E fouverain Seigneur nous nous reconmiandons a votre bonne grace tant et ii tres
humblement comme plus povons. Et vous plaife favoir notre fouverain feigneur que au
jourduy font entrez par congie en cette ville de Rouen le Comte de Pennebroc, et Mellieurs
Jehan Fortefcu, chevalier, chancellier du Roy Flenry DAngleterre, le quelz font venus
devers nous et nous ont remonllre t|ue de par le dit roy Flenry ilz eftoient envoiez comaie
ambaxadeiu'S devers vous et avoient prins la charge foubz la confidence du congie general
daler et venir par voz pays quil vous pleufl oiitroyer en la favetn- au dit roy I lenry a t'lLi-,
les fubgiez tenans fon party. Mais pour ce quilz avoient fccu, eul.x efians en Mandres, la

' Iluino. iii. 54S.



v.-/!

•.J if.






J-^ife oj Sir 'joh}i Fortej



cue.



deffenre generalle fait aux Anglois cle non culx trouvcr en votrc royaumc fiins avoir fauf-
coiidiut, ilz eftoient touniez dcvers Monfcigneiir do Charolois, qui leur avoir oftroye, pour
leur leurtc, certaincs lettres reciuifitoircs a tons voy judiciers ct licuxtcnaiis, lef(]ut:lles ilz
nous nioiirtrerent, tniciiible unes Icttrcs niillivts que nous cicripeoit en leur taveur nion dit
leigneur de Charolois pour les lailler jialTer, ainfi que porrez veoir, fe ceil votre bou plaHir,
jiar icelles lettres miilives et meimenient par le doul)le des dites lettres recjuiritoires dc mon
dit Seigneur de Charolois cy dedens enclofes, et nous requeroient leurte de aler devers vous,
diians quilz avoient lettres que nion dit Seigneur de Charolois vous cicripeoit pour leur fait.
Sur quoy, fire, apres que avons tiebatre la matiere avec aucuns de votre conieil eftans
pardua, avons remonilre aus dis contc et chancellier que au regard de la deflenfe qui taifte
avoit erte, ellc eit generalle pour tous les Angloisj tant de ceulx du colle du Roy Henry que
de lautre pait par coiuplaintes qui vous avoient eile iaites des inconvenieii ; qui eftoient
advenus et povoient advenir a voz fubgiez par couries et pilleries par raifon de la frequenta-
cion que avoient cue par dua ceul>: du party du dit roy Henry dont aucuns leftoient tournez
lie lautre colle et pour autres caules que a ce vous avoient nieu, et puis que amfi eftoit qvie
la defFenfe avoit ainfi eile faidc, et par (ici ') publique que a nous neiT:oit pas de y toucher, ni: is
toute voys c|ue confidere leur cas et quilz affirnioient aler devers vous, et aufil .^ui z
diioient porter lettres de nion dit Seigneur de Charolois ne leur donnerions aucun empelch:-
inent et advilafient a ce quilz avoient a faire^ Par quoy. Sire, ilz ont prins le chemii I'e
tirer devers vous conime ilz dient. Et pour ces cauies envoyons ce nieilage en toute
diligence devers vous, afin que en foiez adverty avant leur venue, en enfcrivant ce qi il
vous a pleu nous eicnpre et comniaiKier de vous advertir tousjours de ce qui furvendrcit
des nouvelles des dits Anglois pour on lurplus ordoniier votre bon plaifir. Ndtre louv.-ra n
Seigneur nous prions le Benoift-Filz de Dieu quil vous ait en fa fainfte garde, et vous
doint tres bonne vie et longue et accomplifenient de voz tres nobles defirs.

Efcript a Rouen le xiij jour de Juing. Vos tres humbles et tres obeiiTltns fubgiez' et
ferviteurs , j

J EVESOUE DE SaINT BrUC

Louvs Destouteville I

et JoHANN Arnoulfin

E. PrCART.

I
(^Dorfo.) Au roy noflre fouverain feigneur.

In another hand, , ;

S. Brioc, Eflonteville, Arnoulphin, & Picart.



Iiidistincft in MS.



Lije of Sir yohn Fortcfci/e. 3 1

Sir John was the bearer of a fpecial letter ot iiitrodiii5lion tor himfelf from King Henry
the Sixth to his coufin of Francej \\-hich teflifies to the efteein in which he held the perfon
and fervices of his " Friend and loyall Chancellor :" —

Letter from PIenry the Sixth to Louis the Eleventh. Dated Edinburgh,

28 March.

Tres haiiltet puiflant prince, tres chier et tres anie coufin germain de I-'rance, nous aytjns
efte bien aniplenient informer pur plufeurs foiz que tousjours voiis eftez nionftre notre bon
coufin et amy, et vous eftez tousjours bien encline en toutes les affaires de nous et la
recouvrance de notre dit royaunie, a voz grans collz et delpens, tant de gens, dargent, cuinnie
autrement, dont tres tort nous en reputons tenuz a vous.

Nous envoyons prefentement par devers vous pluieurs de noz gens et ambaxadeurb,
comme plus a plain pourrez veoir par noz aultres Icttres que vous relcriprons, entre lelquelx
noz gens et ambaxedeurs y ell noftre amie et loial chancellier Jehan Lortelcu, chivalier, an
quel fommes fort atenuz . . . . a fes delpens. Nous a tousjours tenu notre ellat et tait
pluieurs aultres fervices, dont luy fommes fort atenuz. Pur lelquelles chofes tres hault c:
puillant prince, tres chier et tres ame coufin, nous vous prions tant et fi affeftueuiemcnt qui-
plus pouvons, que celled nolhe Chancellier en ta\'eur et priera vous vueillez favourablemen
traiiilier, et luy lecourir et aider, comme a notre propre perlonne, en toutes les neceHitez c.
affaires quil pent avoir, tant pour nous et nos affaires comme pour luy melmes ; a tin
quil puille congnoiftie que noz prieres luy aient proutitte en aucune maniere. Lt quam'
Dieu pluira que nous aions la joiiance et recouvrance de notre diift royaume, nous lerons
avtL(]ues vous en telle maniere que tuute \o(lre noble ro\ alle majelT:ie naura James caufe de Ici
doubter en vous priant c|ue vuellez tou'iours de mieux en mieux contmuer amfi comme bien ■
)• a\ons vollrc fingulier et partaitc contaiar.ce aidant le Henoirt bilz de Dieu, tres hauk et I
piiiir.mt prince tres chier ct tres anie coufin, quil vous \ ueille avoir ct tenir en ia laind et .
bcnoillc garde. '

l^oniic a I'.d) iiburglie le xx\'iij jour de Mars

Henry. '

(Addreffed,) A tres hault ct puiiTmt prince nollre tres chier et tres ame coufin

Germain ame de l^rance. I



Note. — In tnJtavouring to fix tlio dates of the Letters liere printed, 1 have taUen it as certain that the bMl!. ol
Hexham was fought in April or Maj', 1464, and that Henry VI. was taken prifoner in the month of June, 14^,1.-
It will thence follow that the Letter and Infiruflions to the Earl of Ormond were written in 1464, and tli.it llenr\"s
letter to Louis XI. to introduce Sir John I'ortefcue, and the Rouen difpateh, arr to be al'siyncLl to 1465.

' Mackiniulli. ••' Lin'rard.



32 . Life of Sir Joh?! Fortelcuc.

Louis was not moved by tlic reprefentatioiis of the anibiifladors or by Margaret's appeals,
to take any lleps for Henry's reftoration. lie had made a truce with lulward, and ahhuui^h
his leanini]-s wei-e always towards the Lancalli-ian jiarty, he niul' have looked upon th it
caiife as already loll, when the news reached him about this time, of Menry being taken
pnloner, and lent to the Tower. There was therefore nothing left tor I^ortekue but
to return to liarrois, and there, with his fellow-exiles, to watch the courle of events in
England.

T'or feme time, probably for leveral years, nothing happened to raiie the hopes of the
l.ancailrian exiles, (Hieen Margaret was untiring in her applications to foreign monarchs,
and in her endeavou.rs to ftir up her friends in England, and the Chancellor was largely
engaged in confultations and correfpondence, with the lame objeC]:. Some of his exprefi'ions
would ieem to iniplv that he attended the Queen and i-'rince in their jouri eys to the Couit
of Louis. 1 le alfo undertook the education of Edward, at leall lo far as ;o inftruft him in
the laws of his country, and the duties of a King of England.

" Fortefcue," fays Amos, " conceived that he was purfuing a judicious courfe tor leci ring
the future happinefs of the EngliOi nation in forming the character of the heir apparei t to
the throne, and acquainting him with the duties of a patriot king: a talk which, in latj ti nes,
even Hampden did not look upon as derogatory to his talents, or incompatible \.'itM his
independence." '

Two Treatiles remain, drawn up, as he tells us, vvith that intent ; the firft in order of
time was entitled, " De Natura Legis Nature," divided into two parts, the fecond, and
more famous, the " De Laudibus Legum Angli;f." 'This lall: was thrown into its pixfent
form, if not compofed, during the latter part of his ftay in Barrois ; for he fpeaks in i' ol the
time when the Prince left England, as long ago, when he was too young to recolle6 much
about his own country. As to the " De Natura," we know that at leall th.e lecoiui part of
it was written in Scotland, being "the Latin Book" to which Fortefcue refers, i'a his
" Declaracioun on Writings from Scotland." j

While T'ortefcue was thus at once engaged in inftruciting the Prince how to reign over
Engliflmien, and in leading the fchemes and. negotiations which, as he hoped, were
finally to enable his pupil to put into practice tlie maxims imprelled upon him, events of
the moft important kind were approaching in F'.ngland. 'The Lancaftrians, although humbled
and lilenced, were ftill very numerous. On more than one occalion emillaries from Oueen
Margaret had been found trying to excite the people to iiilurredion.

Edward the Fourth, by his marriage with Elizabeth W'oodville, and ftill more by the
honours anci favours which he heaped upon her relations, had difgufted the leai ing nobility.



.■Xnioi, IntroJuc'^lion to Dc Laudiimb



L,ife of Sir yolin Fortefctie. 33

and ill particular the great family of the Nevilles, with the great Earl of Warwick at their
head. 'I'lii!. powerful and arrogant lord' became fo difcontented that he ftined up a rebellion
in I.iiKohifliire, and when it was put down by the King, took his departure to France, with
the Duke of Clarence, whom he had tound means to perfuade to join the malcontents againll
ills brother the King, and who had married one of Warwick's daughters. His objed was
to injure Edward with that monarch, who, indeed, was always inclined to the Houfe of
Lancarter, and was now difpleafed with Edward for giving his daughter in marriage to the
Duke of Burgundy, and concluding with him a treaty of commerce.

I Icre were hopes tor the Lancartrian exiles ! the moft powerful fubjefts in England
changing fides in their favour, and the King of France offended by their rivals, ready to
take any opportunity to thwart them that might offer itfelf. Sir John was qu te alive
to the advantages to be gained from thefe changes; accordingly, we find his peii in full
aiflivity, laying before Louis everything tliat could be urged to Hiow what he rifked by
fupporting Edward, and what he could not fail to gain by a vigorous interference for
I lenry.

1 le prefented to Louis a memoir upon Edward's claim to the crown of England,
and the pretendons which he put forward to that of France alfo — refuting them both, as
we are toM, and " ibowing that he has no right whatever to either." His objeift, no doubt,
was lo frighten Louis. This document lie put into the fliape of a book. He writes again
to flinw that peace with F'.ngland muil always be uncertain fo long as txlward reigned, while
on tl'.e other hand, if Henr)- was In power, the two nations would be ever in amity — giving,
as wc are told, his reafons at lengtli.



Online LibraryJohn FortescueThe works of Sir John Fortescue, Knight, Chief Justice of England and Lord Chancellor to King Henry the Sixth (Volume 1) → online text (page 5 of 87)