John Fortescue.

The works of Sir John Fortescue, Knight, Chief Justice of England and Lord Chancellor to King Henry the Sixth (Volume 1) online

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%Y'l^ is fchewyd before, hou neceflaryc it is, that Lyvelood fufficient be alTignydj for




^ the Kyngs Ordenarye chargs, and that the fame Lyvelood be only applvyd
'L^l therto, arid not alienyd in tynie coming. For that affignment may in no life
hurt the Kyng, confederyng that if any parte of the Revenuz therof, rcmayne over the
payment of the fune Ordynarye chargs, that fo remaynyng, is the Kyngs own Mon'ey,
which he may than employ to other Ufys, at his Pleafure. And it is undoubtid that the
Kyng hath Lyvelood fufficyent which may be fo affigned, fur his Ordynarye chargys.
Wherfore now, we have norhing els to be ferchid, but what Lyvelood the Kyng hath for
the payment of his chargys Extraordynarye, over fo much Lyvelood, as fchal be ;.lligned tor
his chargis Ordynarye; and if he fchal not have Lyvelood fufficient therto, hoi than may
his Lyvelood be made fufficyent. For his Real me is boundyn by Right to fufteyn hym, in
every thyng necelTarye to his Aflate. For as Saynt Thomas fayth. Key J.ititr propter



J ■!■



\



0)1 iJie Monarchy of Rng-JaJid. 459

Regman, et non Regnum propter Regem. VVherfor al that he dothe, ovvith to be referryd
to his Kyngdome. For thougli his Aitate be the higheft Aftate Temporal in the Erthe, yet
it ys an OfHce, in tlie whiche he niynyftrith in his lU-ahne, Defence and Juftice. And
therfor he may lay of hymfelf, as the Pope fayth of hymfelf and of the Chinxh, in that he
vvrytyth, Servus Servoruiii Dei. 15y whiche reafon, right as every Servaunt ovvyth to have
his Suftenaunce of hym that he fervyth, fo owght the Pope to be fufteynid by the Chirche,
and the Kyng by his Reahne. I'or N'enw debet proprlis exfenfis ),iHitare. And our Lord
laith, " Digniis ejl Operarius eibofuo." ' Wherfor fithen every Reahrie is boundyn to fiilteyn
his Kyng, yet much more be we boundyn thereto, upon whom our King reynith by io
favourable Lawys, as is before declarid, &c.

Chap. IX.

Hereafter be fcheiuyd tite Perilles that may come to the Kyng, by over myghty Subgetts.

\j(^| UT fithen the faid Exti-aordynar)'e chargs be fo imcerteyn, that they be not
^3) eftemable, it is not well poilible to put in ccrteynte, what Lyvelood woll yerely
fufHce to bere them. Wherfor we nede in this cafe to ufe Conjefture and
Imaginacion, as to think that ther is no two Lords Lyvelood in Englond, fufficient to bere
the Kyngs Extraordynarye chargs. Than nedith it, that the Kyngs Lyvelood above fuch
Revenuz, as fchal be ailigned for his Ordynarye chargs, be gretter than the Lyvelood of two
the gretteft Lords in Englond. And peraventure, whan Lyvelood, fufficyent for the
Kyngs Ordynarye chargs, is lyinyted and affigned therto, yt fchall appere, that dyvers Lords
in Englond have as much Lyvelood of their own, as than fchal remayne in the Kyngs iiands,
for his Extraordynarye chargs; which were inconvenient, and would be to the Kyng ryght
dredefull. For than fuch a Lord may dyfpend more than the Kyng, confyderyng that he
is chargyd with no fuch chargs Extraordynarye, or Ordynarye, as is the Kyng ; except
an Houfhold, which is but litil in comparyfon to the Kyngs Houfe. Wherfor if it be thus,
yt fchal be neceflarye, that ther be parveyyd for the Kyng, moche gretter Lyvelood than he
hath yet. For Mannys Corage is fo noble, that naturally he afpyryth to hye thyngs, and to
be exaltyd. And therfor inforfith hymfelf to be alway gretter and gretter. For which the
Philofopher faith. Omnia amamtis fed Principare majus. Wherfor it hath comyn tliat often
tymes, whan a Subgett hath had as grete Lyvelood as his Prince, he hath anone afpyryd to
the Aftate of his Prince, which by fuch a man may fone be gotten For the Remenaunte of
the Subgetts of fuch a Prince, feying that if fo mighty a Subgette myght obtayne th'allate of
their Prince, thay fchuld than be under a Prince doble fo mighty as was their old P ince ;
which encreafe many Subgetts delyren, for their own Difcharge of that they beryn to

> The Lambeth and Stow's iMSS. atUl liere, " Wherefore the Ajjollen llythe Commnnictl is .jui caUchlzaiuy
verhu, ii qui fe catechizat in omnibus bonis."



i':\i'\






V'. a; x;-,n



460 On the Monarc/iy of Engla/nl.

the Suilenauncc of their old Prince ; and therfor would right gladly helpyn fuch ;.
Subgett ill his Rebellion. And alfo iuch an E'.nterprife ys the more fefable, whan fuel
a Rebell hath more Richeffe than his Soveryng Lord. I'or tl.e people woll goo with hym.
that beft may fufteyne and reward them. This manner of doyng hath byn lo otte praftyfyd,
almoft m every Realme, that their Cronycles ben full of yti. [n the Realme of hraunce
was never chaunge of their Kyng, fythen it was firft inhaliitsd by Frenche men, but by the
Rebellions of fuch mighty Subgetts ; as Hildericus Kyng of Fraunce, defcendid of Clodone,
which was firlt Criften Kyng of Fraunce, was put down by Pypyne Son of Carolus
Marcellus, which was the moft mighty Subgett, that unto tlies dayys was ever {^cn in the
Realme ot I'Vaunce. And afterwards Charles, defcendyd of Carolus Magnus, Sonne to the
faid Pepyne by nine or ten Generations, v.'as put from the Kyngdome ot I'r umce by Hugh
Capite, Son to Hugh Magnus Erie of Parys, which than was the mighuell: Subgett of
Fraunce, and therfor creatyd and callid Dux h'ranci.f. ,\nd in our days, we havi- {titn
a Subgett of the F'renche Kyng in fuch Myght, that he hath gyvyn Uattel to tlu iiine
Kyng, and put him to Flight, and afterward befegid him in Parife his grettell Cyte, and fo
kepte hym ther, unto the time his faid Kyng haci made fuch End, with him, his Adh.-re its
and Fautours, as lie defired. We have alio ieen in our Realme, Umi ot the Kyngs Su igi tts
gevyn hym Batell, by occafyoun, that their Lyvelood and Offices were the grettell t f ilie
Lond ; and els they would, nor could have done fo. The Erlys of Lycelfre, a^id of
Glouceftre, which than war the gretteft Lords of England, rofe ageyn theyr Kyng Merry
the Thirde, and toke hym and his Son Prifoners in the I'eld. Whiche maiier of Demeanyi.g,
the Kyng of Scotts that bill: dyyd, dredyng to lie praclyiyd in his Lt-nd, put out of the fii le
Lond, the Erles Dowglas, whofe Lyvelood and Myght was nerehand equivalent to his i wi e,
movyd therto by non other Caufe, fave only drede of his Rebellion. I'he Cronycles of
every Realme, and in elpcc}all ot Spayne and IJenmarke, be full ot lucli I-aifiinples. And
(o be alio the Boks of Kings in Holy Scripture; whertore yt nedyth not to write niore
herein. And alfo it may not be efchewyd, but that the grete Lords of the Lond, by reafon
alio of new Dilcents fallyng unto them, by reafon alfo of Maryags, Purchafys, and other
Tytles, ichal ottcn tynies gro\ve to be gretter than thay be now, and peraventure 1 lui
of them, to be of Lyvelood and Powei like a Kyng; which ichal be right goou for die
Land, while thay afpyre to non hyer Aftate. F^or fuch was the Cafe of a great Duke,' that
warryd with the Kyng of Spayne, one of the myghtyeft Kyngs in Cryftendome, in his own
Realme; but this ys writyn only to the enteiit, that it be wel undcrllaund, hou neclfary it )S,
that the Kyng have grete Poflelfions, and peculiar Lyvelood, tor his own Sewertit ;■ i.amely,
whan any ot his Lords ichal happyn to be fo exceHively grete, as ther myght therby growe
Perell to his Alfate. F'or certeynly, ther may no gretter Perill growe to a Prince, than to
have a Subgett etjuipolent to himfelf

' Lumbeth and Show's MSS. road, i'oi ■• Iuch wai the Caiu of a sicat Duki," " Inch w.ib ihu IJuku of Laiicaftci."'




0?i the Monarchy of Rnghj/id. 461

Chap. X.

Ihiv that the Croitni may be hejl endowed.

OW that the likenefs of the Kyngs chargs Ordynarye and Extraordynarye be
fchewyd, and over that hou neceflarye it is, that he have grete Lyveloods above the
^ fame chargs, in the \shiche hit nedith, that he excede gretely every Man of his
Land, which Lyveloode undoubtyd he hath not at this day ; yt is therfor behoveful that we now
ferche hou the Kyng may have iuch Lyvelood ; but firll:; of what Comodytys it may bed: be ,
takyn. The Kyng of Fraunce, fonietyme might not diipend of his Demaynys, as in Lord-
fchippis, and other Patrymonye peculicr, fo mich as might than the Kyng of Englond ;
which mav well appere, l)y that theOwciie of b'raunce hath but 1^'yve Thouiand Marks yerely
to hyr Dower, wher as the Owene of Englond hath Ten Thoufand Marks, l^'nr in thoos layys
ther was but litil more of the Realme of Fraunce in the Kyngs hands, but th.it parte .hich
is callid the He of ]''raunce. For al the remenaunt of the Realme, as Burgoyne, Normandye,
Guyane, Champayne, Languedok, and Flamiders, with many other fuch grete Lordfchippis
wer then in the hands of Duleperys,' and other Princis and gret Lords. For which Caufe the
Gabell of the Sake, and the Quaterymes of the Wynys, war granted to the Kyng, by the
three Eflats of Fraunce, which was, nor is no lityl Subfydye. For ther is no Man in b'raunce
that may eate Sake, but if he bye it of the Kyng ; and that is now fett to fo grete Price, that
the Bufheli which the Kyng byyth for \\yi. or \vd. is Sould to his People for iji. and other
whilis for more. And the fourth Pype of the Wynys that be made in Fraunce, may be no
litill thyng ; fythen the Fillyng of the Wynys ys the gretteft Comodite of the Ivealme ; but
that Comodite we have not in this Land. Wherefore ther is no parte of thoos maner ot Sub-
fydeys that might be good for owr Soveryng' Lord, but if it war, that he might Icll to his
Subgetts the Sake that comyth hether. Yn which thyng he fchall have more Grutch ot the
People, that Profyte. For in Fraunce, the People falten but litill meate, except their Bacon,
and therfor they would bye lityl Salt ; but yet they be artyd to bye more Sake than they
would. For the Kyngs Officers bryng to their Houfys every yere, as moch Sake as by their
Conjedure ys reafonable, to the nombre of the Men, Women, and Children that dweliyn
theryn, for which they fchal pay though they wold not have fo myche. This Rule and Order
wold be Sore abhorred in F'.nglond, as well by the Merchaunts that be wontyd to have their
Freedome in byyng and felly ng of Sake, as by the People that ufen mich to take their Meats
more than do the French Men ; by occafyon wherof thay wol than at every Meale grutche
with the Kyng, that entreatith them more rigoroufly than his Progenitours have done. And
fo his Highnefs fchal have therof, but as had the Man that fcheryd his Hogge, moche Crye
and no" Wull. In Flanders and other Lordfcippis of the Duke of Burgoyne downward, he

■ A corriii>tiou of titliLM- " Douze Pairs," or ot " Dues ot Fairs;" tile L.iiul MS. ic.iil= " DiiIm [Kri ;" ihi-
Digby MS., •■ DucyiKTs ;"' and Stow's MS., '• DouUpi. r. .s."
- For ■• no" till.' Lambclh and Stou"= MSS. read ■• Irtlc."



•■ .'■•■A



462 On the Mo72archy of EnglancL

taketh certeyn Impoficions made by hymfelf upon every Oxe, every Schepe, and upon other
thyngs fould, and alio upon every Vefiel of Wyne, every I'arell of Beer, and other
Vytayls fould in his Lordfchip, which is no litill Revenue to hyni yercly ; Init yet he dotl
it, magre the People, which God defend that the Kyng our Soveryng Lord fcluild do upon
his People, without their Graunts and Alleiits. Neverthelefs with tlieir iMl'ents, fuch
maner of Subfydye, if ther could not be found a better Meane of the encreafmg of the
Kyngs Revenuz, were not unreafonable. For theryn, and }'n the Gable of Salt, every
Man fchal here the charge therin equally. But yet I would not, that fuch a nev/ Cuiliome
and Charge were put upon the People, in our Soveryng Lords dayes, with which his
Progenitors chargyd them never, if a better and more convenient way could be found.
Kyng Salamon chargid his People with gretter Impoficions, than they were wontyd to,
before his days. And becaufe his fon, Kyng Roboham, would not eafe th :m thereofF, the
tenne Parts of the People, devydyd into twelve Parts, departed from him, and chole them
a new Kyng, and came never after that time under his Subjecflion. Of which Departyng God
faid himfelf at"terward, A me foMum eft iftud. Which is an Example, that it is not good for
a Kyng to over-fore charge his People. Whertbre methynkith, tliat if the Kyng mi rjit
have his Lyvelood forthe Suftenaunce of his Aftate, in grete Lordfcippis, Manors, Fee Ftrnys,
and fuch other Demaynys, (his People not chargyd ), he fchuld kepe to him holy, their 1- lea ts,
and excede in Loidfchipps, a) the Lords of his i^ealme ; and then fchuld non of tham grc we
to be like unto hym ; which thyng is moft to be tearyd ot all the World. For than \vitnin
few Yers, ther fchuld not remayne Lordfchips in his Realme, by which they might growe fo
grete, nor that thay might growe foch by Maryages, but if the Kyng would it. For to h"m
fallyn al the grete Maryages of his L.and, which he may difpoie as hym lyfte. A id by
Dyfcente ther ys not like to fall gretter Meritage to any Nobleman than to the Kyng. Lor
to hym byn Cofyns, the moft, and the gretteft Lords of the Realme. And by Efchetes, ther
may not fo mich Land fall to any Man as to the Kyng, becaufe that no Man hath fo nnany
Tenaunts as he ; and alio no Man may have the Efchetes of Treafon but hymfelf, and by l^ur-
chafe. Yf this be done, ther fchall no Man fo well encreafe his Lyvelood as the Kyng. l-'or
ther fchal none of his Tenaunts alien Lyvelood without his Licenfe, wherein than he may .bell:
prefirr hymfelf. Nor ther fchal no Lyvelood be kepte fo hole as tlie Kyngs, confyderyng
that he may not for his Honor, fell his Lond, as other men may do ; and alfo his fellyng would
be the hurt of all hys Realme. Such was the fellyng of Chirk, and Chirks Lond, whereof
never Man fawe a Prefydent, and God defend, that any Man fee mo fuch heri after. F'or
fellyng of a Kyngis Lyvelood, ys properly callyd Dilapidation of his Crowne, and therfor it is
of grete Infamye. Now we have found undoubtydly, what maner ot Revenuz, is I eile for the
Endowment of the Crowne. But fythen it ys faid before, that the Kyng hath not at this Day
fufficyent therto, it is moft: convcnyent that we now ferchc, hou his Llighnefs may have
fufRcyent of fuch Revenuz, which we may now fynd to be belle thertore.



On the Mo7iarchy of EngUvicL 463



Chap, XI.

Hereafter is fcliezvyd, -what of the Kyngs Lyvelood gevyn away, may hefl he
lakyn ageyne.



HE Holy Patriiirke Jofcph, while he, under Pharoo the Kyng, governyd the
f>S "S>l' Lond of Egipte, rulid and fo intreatid the People thereof, that thay grauntyd to
^^(f^2fe^ pay, and payyd to the fame Kyng, the fifth Part of their Graynys, and of all
other thyngs that growyd to them yerely of the Erthe ; which Charge they beren yet, and
ever fchal here. Wherthorough, their Prince, which now is the Sowdan of Babylone, is one
of the mightyell Princis of the World; and that notwithl1:ondyng the fame Egyp'^ians ar
the richert: Comons that lyv)'n under any Prince; whereby, we be lernyd that if lllial not
only be good to our Prince, but alfo to our felf, that he be well endowyd, for elfe the
Patriarke would not have made fuch a Treatye. The French Kyng, in one thyng, that is
to iay, in Wyne, takyth more ot his People than doth the Sowdan ; for he takyth the fourth
Penny therof, but yet he takyth nothyng of their Graynys, Wolls, or of any other Goods that
growith to them of their Lond. The Kyng our Soveryng Lord had, by tymes, fythen he
reynyd upon us, Lyvelood in Lordlchippis, Lands, Tenements, and Rents, nerehand to the
\'alue of the fifth Part of his Realme, above the Poflefilons of the Chirche, by which
Lyvelood, if it had abydyn ftyl in his Hands, he had byn more niyghty of good Revenuz,
than any of the faid two Kyngs, or any Kyng that now reynith upon Criften Men. But
this was not polTible to have be done. For to fumm parte therof, the Heyrs of them that
fumtyme owyd it, be rel-loryd ; fumm by reafon of Taylys,' fumm by reafon of other Tytles,
which the Kyng hath confyderyd, and thought them good and reafonable. And fumm of
the fame Lyvelood, hys good Grace hath gyvyne, to fuch as hath fervyd hym fo notably,
that as their Renowne wol be eternal, fo it befatt the Kyngs Magnifycence, to make their
Rewards, everlafting in ther FL'yrs, to his Honor, and ther perpetual Memorye. And alio
the Kyng hath gevyn part of his Lyvelood, to his moll honorable Brethren, which not only
have fervid him in the manner aforcfiid, but byn alio fo nigh in Blode to his Highnels, that
yt befatt not his Magnifycence to have done otherwife. Neverthelefs fom Men have done
hym Service, for whiche it is reafonable that his Grace had rewardyd them ; and for lack of
Money, the Kyng than rewardyd them with Land. And to fome Men he hath do le yn
likewife, above their Demerits, thorowe Lnportunytye of their Sewts. And it is fuppofyd,
that to lom of them is gevyn C. worth Land yerely, that would have hold hym c irtent
with CC. in Money, if thay might have had it in Hand. Wherfor, it is thought, yf inch



eiitaili.



464



On the Monarchy of EngLuul.



Gyttys, and namely thoos whiche have ben made incoiifyderately, or above the Meryts of
them that have them, ware reformyd ; and thay rewardyd with Money, or OlTics, or iom>
what Lyvelood for Term of Life, which after their ]3eths, would than returne to the Crownu ;
the Kyng fchuld have fuch Lyvelood as we now feke for, fulBcyeiu for tlie Mainrenaunce of
his Aflate. And if it would not than be fo grete, I hould it for undoubtyd, that the People
of his Lond, wol be vvillyng to graunt hym a Sublidye, upon fuch Commodities of hys
Realme, as be before fpecyfyd, as fchal accomplifn that which fchal lacl-; hym of fuch Lyve-
lood. So that hys Highnefs woll eftablifli the fune Lyvelood than remaynyng, to abyde
perpetually to his Crowne, withoute tranflating thereof to any otlier Ufe. For elfe, whaii
that fchal happyn hereafter to be gevyn away, hytt fchal nede that hys Commons be chargyd
with a Newe Subfydye, and be alway keptc in Povertie.



Chap. XII.

Hereafter ys Jchezvyd^ ivliat Harme ■ivoiild come to Englond, if tl:e Commons
thereof were Pore.

S!rjK^/40ME Men have faid, that it war rood for the KynQ-, that the Comons of Eno-l md
J^jV^S^^ wer made poer, as be the Comuiis of b'raunce. l-'or than, thay would not rebel!
CS^^"'*^ ^s now thay done otten tymes ; which the Comons of b'raunce do not, nor 1 uiy
do; for they have no Wepon, nor Armor, nor (jood to bye it withall. To thees m: ner
of Men, may be laid with the Philofopher, Ad parva refpicientes, de facili e}nnuiant ; that
is to fay, thay that feen fewe thyngs, woll fone fiy their Advyfe. Forfothe thoos folkys
confyderyn litil the Good of the Realme of Englond, wherof the Might moil: Aoiidyth
upon Archers, which be no rich Men. And if thay were made porer than they be, they
fchuld not have wherewith to bye them Bowys, Arrowes, Jakk.es,' or any other Armir of
Defence, whereby thay might be able to relyllc our F".nnymyes, whan thay lifte to come upon
us, which thay may do on every lyde, confydering that we be an Ileland ; and as it ysl f.iid
before, we may not have ione Socors off any other Realme. Wheid'or we fchuld be a Pray
to al other Ennymyes, but if we be mighty of our felt, which Might llondith mofl: upon
our poer Archers; and therfor thay nedyn, not only to have ilich Abilyments as now is
fpoken of, but alfo thay nedyn to be mich exercyfyd in ichotyng, which may 1 ot be done
without right grete Expenfys ; as every Man experte theryn knovvyth right well ; Wherfor
the makyng poer of the Comons, which is the makyng poer of our Archers, fcnuld be the
Diftruftion of the grettell: Might of our Realme. Item, If poer Men may not lightly ryfe,



Coats of mail.



On the Monai'chv of E?! gland. 465

as is the Opynyoun of tlioes Men, which for that caufe would have the Comoiis poer ; hou
than, if a mighty Man made a Ryfyng, fciiuld he be reprelTyd ; whan all the Cojuons be
fo poer, that after fuch Opynyoun thay may not fyght, and by that realon not help the
Kyng with fyght)ng? And why makyth the Kyng the Conunons to he every Yere
mulk-ryd ; fytlien it was good thay had no Harnefs, nor wer able to fyght? O hou innvlfe
is the OpynyoLin of thees Men ; for it may not be mantenyd by any Reafon ! Item, whan
any Ryfyng hath byn made m this Land, before thees dayys by Comons, the porell: Men
thereof, hath byn the gretteil Caufars and Doars theryji. And thryfty Men have ben loth
therto, for Drede of lofyng of their Goods, but yet ofren tymes thay have gone with them
thorough Manafys,' or els the fime poer Men would have takyn their Goods; wherin it
fcmyth that Povertye, hath byn the hole and chelFe Caufe of al fuch Ryfyng. The poer
Man hath ben ftyryd therto, bv occafyon of his ]V)vert)e, for to get Good; and th ■ riche
Men have gone with them, becaufe thay v.'uld not be poer, by lefyng of their Goods. What
than would fal, if al the Comons were poer .' Truly it is like, that this Land than, fchuld be
like unto the Land ot Boeme, wher the Comons for Povertye role upon the Nobles, and
made al their Goods to be comon. Item, It is the Kyngs I Linor, and alio his Office, to
make his liealme riche; and }t ys l^iilionor whan he hath a poer Realme, of which Men
woll fay, that he reygnyth upon Beggars; yet it war mych gretter Dyflionour, if he fownd
his Realme riche, and than made it poer. And alf:) it were gretely a)'enn:e his Confyence,
that awght to defend them, and their Goods, if he toke fi'om them their Goods, without
lawful! Caufe; from the Lifamye whereof God defend our Kyng, and gyve him Grace to
augment his Realme in Rycefle, VVelth, and Profperyte, to his perpetual Lawde and Honour.
Item, the Realme of Fraunce gevyth never freiy ot their own good Will, any Subf\Ll\e to
tlieir I^rynce, becaufe the Comons therot be lo poer, as thay may not gyve any thyng of
their own Goods. And the Kyng ther, alkyth never Sulifydye ot his Nobles, for drede that
if he chargyd them fo, thay would contedre with the Comons, and peraventure putt hym
downe ; But our Comons be riche, and tliei-tor they gave to their Kyng, at ium tymys
Ouinfuiies and Difmes, and often tymys other grete Subiydyes, as he hath nede of their
Cjoods lor the Defence of his Realme. How grete a Sublydye was it, whan this Realme
gave to their Kyng, a Ouinfime and Difme Ouinquinall, and the ix'" Llees ot their Woll;,
and the ix"' Scheff of their Graynys, for the Terme ot five Yers. This might thay not
have done, if they had ben empoveryfliyd by their Kyng, as the Comons ot braunce; nor
fuch a Graunte hath byn made by any Realme ot Ciiflyndome, ot which any Croi,}'cle
makyth mention. Nor non other Realme may, or hath Caufe to do fo. For thay have
not fo mich Fredome in their own Goods, nor be entreatyd by fo favourable Lawys as we
be, except a fewe Regyons before fpecyfyed. Item, Wee fee dayly, hou Men that have



1. e. mcnacfs.



'a^\ •■■ U



//J it ,;';






466



On the Monarchv of Rn'rlaihl.



loll their Goods, and he fallyn into Povertic, hccomyn anon Jiohhcrs and Thcfes, which
would not have be hich, yi' Povertie liad not brought them thereto. Mow many a Thefe
than wer hke to be in tliis I, and, if al the Comons weie pwer. The Mxttell Sewertie truly,
and alio the moll Honour that may come to the KyiU'; is, that his Ive.ilme be riche in
every Allate ; tor nothyng may make lus People to arife, but lieke ot" ( ioods, or iacke of
Jullyce. But yet certeynly whan thay lack Goods thay will ariie, l'iV}ng thay lack Jullyce.
Neverthelefs if thay be not poer, thay will never aryfe, but if then- Prince lb leve Jullice, that
he gyve hymlell al to Tyrannve. >

C'HAr. XIII.



0}iely Iacke of Ha) te, ami Cuivardije, kcpyn the Froicliemeii from Ryf ig.

. vAk OVERTIE onely is not the Caufe, v, hy the Comons of I-'raunce rife not ageyn their
v^/J Soveryng L.ord ; lor there were never People in that l.und moie piore, then wer ii..
our ryme,the Comons of the Cuntrey of Caux, v»hich was almoll deferte for lack o
Tyllars; as yt nowwel apperith, by the new Hufbondrye that ys done ther; namely, in grobbyng,
and ftockyng of Trees, Bufhes, and Grovys growyn, while we wer ther, Lords oi the Count) ey.
And yet the foreftid Comons of Caux made a marvelous grete Rylyng, and toke our TowPiys,
Callells, and Fortrelfes, and fclewe ourCaptayns ar^i Soldiers, at fuch a time, -whan we had but a
fewe Men of War lyyng in that Contrcy ; whicii piovitli that it is Cowardife and lack of
Hartes and Corage, that kepith the Frenchmen from lyfyng, and not Povertye ; which Corage
no Frenche Man hath like to the Ejiglifli Man. It hath ben often \ccn m Englond that th. ee
or four Thefes, for Povertie hath fett upon i\:\'i:\\ or eight true Men, and robbyd them al.



Online LibraryJohn FortescueThe works of Sir John Fortescue, Knight, Chief Justice of England and Lord Chancellor to King Henry the Sixth (Volume 1) → online text (page 63 of 87)