John Fortescue.

The works of Sir John Fortescue, Knight, Chief Justice of England and Lord Chancellor to King Henry the Sixth (Volume 1) online

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But it hath not ben feen in Fraunce, that {c\'c\\ or eight Thetes, have ben liardy to robbe
three or four true Men. Wherfor it is right feld, that FTench'Men be hangyd for Rob
lierye, for that thay have no I lertys to do fo terryble an Aifte. There be therfor mo Meiji
hangyd in Englond, in a Yere, for Robberye, and Manflaughter, than ther be hangid in
Fraunce, for fuch Caufe of Crime in feven Yers. There is no Man hangyd in Scotlandj
in {cvcw Yers together, for Robberye ; and yet tliay be often tymes hangyd tor Lacenye,
and Stelyng of Goods in the Abfence of the Owner therof : But their Marts lerve them not
to take a Mannys Goods, while he is prefent, and will defend it; which maner ot takyng
is callid Robberye. But the Englifch Men be of another Corage; for if he be p ler, and
fee another Man havyng RychelTe, which may be takyn from him by Might, he wol not
fpare to do fo, but if, that poer Man be right true. Wherfor, it is not Povertit, but it
is Iacke of Harte and Cowardife, that kepytli the French Men from ryfyng.

i, ,m;1


Oil tJie Muna7~chy of Efiv/cnid. 467

CiiAi'. XIV.

Hereafter is Jchewyd, -lohy it ncdith tJiat ther he a Rejicnpcin, and a Graant of
Goods, lucide to the Kyiig-

ffi^ PIIS Serchc which \vc now have made, for to underllond hou harniefuU it would
be, to the Kyng, and to his Ivcalme, if his Conions wer poer, hath ben a
^r^r^s^s. Digredion from the mater in which we labor ; that is to fiy, for to unJerftond
hou the Kyng may beft have fulficient and perdurable Lyvelood, for the Suftentation of his
Aftate. W'herfor it behovyth that we now refort to the i^oynte in the which v;e lett, \shich,
as I remember, v.'as this. We found by grete Caufys, that yt was nedefull, that al iuch Gyfts
as have ben made of the Kyngs Lyvelood inconfiderately, as not delervyd, or abov ■ the
Merites of them that hath getyn them, were reformyd ; fo that they which have done Service,
be not onrewardyd. Whicii thyng, as me thynkith, may not perfuly be done, without a
general Refumpcion, made by i\c^te of Parlement; and that ther be gevyn to the Kyng
by the Auftorite of the fame Parlement, a grete Subfydye, with which his Hyghnefs, with
the Advyfe of his Counceile, may reward thoos that have delervyd 1-lewards ; and luight not
therfor to have part of his RevL-nuz, by which his Aftate inuft needs be mayntenyd ; or aught
not to have fo moclie of the licvenuz, as thay have now, or not loo grete Aflate in the lame;
confyderyng that al fuch gevyng av/ay of the Kyngs Lyvelood, is harmful! to all his Lyege-
men, which fchal is before fchewyd, be artyd to a new charge, for the Suftentation
of his Artate. But yet, or any fuch i^efumpcion be made, it fchal be good, that an honorable
and notable Conceile be eftablifchid, by the Advyfe of which, al newe Gyt'tes and Rewards may
be moderid and made, as if no hicli Gyftes or Rewards had been made before this time.
Providyd alway, that no Man be harmyd by reafon of fuch Ivellunpcion, in the Arrearages of
fuch Lyvelood as he fchal than have, which fchuld ron after the Refumpcion, and before the
laid new Gyftes and Rewards. And vvh'.:n fuch a Conceil is fully create and eftablifchid, hyt
fchal be good that all Supplications which fchal be made to the Kyng, for any Gyft or Reward,
be fent to the fame Counceile, and ther debatyd and delibered ; firft, whether the Suppliant
have defervyd fuch Reward as lie alley th : and if he have delervyd ytt, yet it nedyth that it be
deliberid, whether the Kyng may gyve fuch Reward as he alkyth, of his Revcnuz, favyng to
hymfelf fuffycyent for the Suftenaunce of hys Aftate ; or els fuch gevyng war no Vertue, but
rather a Spice of Prodigalitie, and as for fo much, it were delapydacion of his Crow \e.
Wherfore no pry vate Perfon wol, by reafon of Liberalite, or of Reward, to abate his own Lye-
lood, as he may not kepe fuch Aftate as he dyd before. And truly it war betrer thai a
pryvate Perfon lackyd his Reward which he hath well defervyd, than that by his Reward the
Good Publike, and alio the Lond were hurte. Wherfor to efchewe thees two iJarmes, hyt
may than be advyfed by the Counceile, hou fuch a Perfon may be rewarded with Office,

"■-A ..:? nod

,1 ,b - ^

4^8 0;/ the Mo7iarc]iy of E?i>fldnLl.

Money, Mariage, Fraunchife, Privylege, or fuch other thyng, of whiche the Crowne hath
grete RychelTe. And verely If this Order be kepte, the Kyng fchal not he grevyd by Impor-
tunyte of Sewtars, nor thay fchal by Iniportunyte, or Brochagc optayne any unreafonal.Ie
Defires. O what Ouyete fchal growe to the Kyng by this Order ! And in wliat rert fchal all
his People lyve ; havyng no Colour of grutchyng with fuch as fchal be aboute his Terfone,
as thay were wonte to have, for the gyv)-ng away of his Lands, and for the Mifcouncelyny of
hym in many other Caufis ; nor of Murmour ageyne the Kynges Perfon, for the Myfrovern-
yng of his Realme ! For in this Counceile may be Determynyd, every Cafe of Defieurce, or
the Kyng do any thyng therin. And the wife Man fiith, '' uhi ),uilta Concilia, ibi Dalits."
And truly fuch a contynuall Counceile,. may be well caub.d, MiiUa Concilia, for it ofte and
every day Comicelyth.

Chap. XV.
Iloiv the Kyugs Conceil, may he hejt Choj'yn aud Efrahiyjiliyd.



;^HE Kyngs Counceile was wont to be chofyn of grete Princis, and of the gretteft
£^J Y^% Lords both Spirituellis, and Temporallis of the Realme, and alfo of other Men that
^Xtss^ wer in grete Auctorite, and Offices. Which Lords and Officers, had nerehand as
many matters of their own, to be treatid in the Counceile, as had the Kyno-. Wherthoro v
whan thay came togeders, thay was fo occupyyd with their own maters, and with the maters
of their Kynne, Servaunts, and Tenaunts, that thay intendyd but lityll, and other while no
thyng, to the Kyngs maters. And alfo ther war but fewe maters of the Kyngs, but if
the fame maters towchid alfo the laid Counceylors, their Coiyns, their Servatmts, Tenaunts
or fuch other as they owyd Favor unto. And wluit lowar Man was than fytting in th it
Counceile, that durtt fay ageyn the Opynyoun of any of the grete Lords. And mi(dit
not than Men make, by Meanys of Corrupcion, fum of the Servainits and Counceillours of
fome of the Lords, to move the Lords to Parcyalite, and to make them favourable and
parcyal, as wer the fame Servaimts, or the Parties that fo movyd them. Than could no mater
treatid in the Counceile be kcpte I'rivy and Secrete. I^'or the Lords ofryn tymes tould tn
their Counceylours, and Servaunts that had' fewyd to them for the maters, hou thay had fpec^,
in them, and who was ageyn them. Hou may the Kjng be coimcelid, to rellrayne gevyno
away of his Lond, of gev)ng of Offices, Corodyes, or Pencions of Abbeys, by fuch gret Lords,
to other Menys Servaunts, fy then they moft defyer fuch Gyfts for themfelf, and their Servaunts.
Which thyngs confyderyd, and alfo many other which fchal be fchewyd hereafter ; hyt is
thought good, that the Kyng had a Counceile chofyn and eftablifchid in the J'ou -n.c that
followith, or in fome other Fourme like thereunto. Firll, that ther wer chofyn twelve Tem-
porall Men, and twelve Spirituall Men of the wifell and bed; difpofyd Men that can be found

' Stow'i. copy reudi. " tliat had fLTved tliem, und fucd to them."


■; ','■■-)

On the Monarchy of England. 469

in al the Parties of the Land ; and that they be fworne to counceile the Kyng, after a Fourme
to be devyfyd for their Othe. And in efpecyall, that thay fchal take no Fee, nor Clothyng,
nor Rcwarde of any Man, cxcepte only of the Kyng ; like as the Jullices of the Ryngs
Benche, and of the Common Place be fworne, whan thay take their Offices. And that thees
twenty-tour Men be alway Counceillors, but if ther be any Dcfuvte fownd in them, or that yt
lyft the Kyng, by the Advyfe of the more Partie of them, to chaunge any of them. And
that every Yere be chofyn by the Kyng, four Lords Spiritual, and four Lords Temjioral, to be
for that Yere of the fame Counceile, in like fourme as the faid twenty four fchal be. And
that they al have an Heede, or a cheMe Ruler, one ot the faid twenty four and chofyn and
appointyd by the Kyng, havyiig his Office at the Kyngs Pleafure ; which may then be callid,
Capitalis Conciliarius. Hyt fchal not be necelTarye, that the twelve Spiritual IMen of this
Counceile, have fo grete wags as the twelve I'emporal Men, becaufe they fchal not rede to
kepe an Lloufchold in their Couutrcy, while thay be ablent, as the Tciiiporal Men mul. needs
do, for their Wives and Children. By which Confyderation the Spiritual Juges in the Court
of Parlement of Paris, takyn but two hundred franks by the Yere, whereas the Temporall
Juges thereof, takyn by the Yere three hundred Frankes. The laid eight Lords alfo, which,
by reafon of their Baronies and Ailats, ben to the Kyng always, Cunfii'uirii nati, and therfor
oughtyn to counceile him at al tymys whan he woll, nedyn not to have grere Wags for their
Attendaunce to this Conceile, which (hall lail but tor a Yere. I'or Tempoial Men, which by
reafon of their Enheritaunce and Lyvelood, been made Scherifls tor a Yere, takyn of the Kyng
lityl, and almolt no thyng for their Service of that Yere. And though that Wages of the faid
twenty four Counceilours, ieme a new and a grete Charge to the Kyng ; yet whan it is con-
fiderid, hou grete Wages the grete Lords, and other Men, which wer of the Kyngs Counceile
in tymes pallid, toke for their Attendaunce therunto, which maner ot Counceile, was njthyng
fo behovefuU to the Kyng, and to his Realme, as this wol be, which Wags ii:hal than forwith
ceaffe ; the Wages of the twenty four Counceil lours fchal appere no grete Ciiarge to the Kyng.
And I can fuppofe, that funmie Kyngs before this tyme, have gevyn to (inn one Man that
hath fervyd hym, as mych Lyvelood yercly, as the fiid Wages woll come unto. And if tlie
fame Wa^rs be thought fo grete Charge unto the Kyng, tlie torefud Courccillours may be in
lefs Nombre, as to be fixteen Counceillours of private Peribnys, with two Lords Spiritual, and
two Lords Temporal ; fo as than they be in all twenty Perfons. Thees Counceillours m.iy
continually, at inch Howres as fchall be ailigned to them, comewne ai.d deliber upon the
maters of Deficultie, that fallen to the Kyng; and than upon the maters of the Polyiie of
the Realme : As hou the going out of the Money may be reftraynyd, how Bullion m ly be
brought into this Land, hou alfo, Plate, Jewels, and Money late borne oute, may be get) w. yn
ao-eyn, of which right wile Men may loon find the Meanys. And alio hou the Piicys of
Merchaundifes, growyn in this Lond, may be holdyn up, and encrealyd, and the Prycys of
Merchaundife, brought into this Lond abatyd. Hou our Navye may be mayntenyd, and aug-

' .■I'.l'.l


47° 0)1 the Monarihy of Knghuul.

mentyd, and upon fucli other Poinz of Polycie, to the grettelt Profitt, and Kncreafe, that
ever came to this Lond. I lou alfo the Lawys may he amendyd, in fuch '1 hynt^s as thay ncdc
Reformation in. Wherthorongli, the Parlements fchall may do more gujd, in a Moneth, to
the Amendment of the Lawe, than thay may do in a Yere, if the Amendment therof he not
dehalid, and hy fuch Comiceille rj'pyd to their I lands. I'her may he of this Counceile, vvh;in
thay lille to come thereunto, or tliat thay be defyryd by the fiid Counceiloms, the gretteil
Officers of the Land, as Chauncelor, Treforar, and Pryvye Scale, of which the Chancelor,
whan he is preient, maybe Hye Prefydent, and have tlie fupreme Rule of a! the Counceile.
AJfo the Juges, and Barons of th' lifcheker, the Clerk of the Roliis, and fuch Lords, as the
forfaid Counceilors woll defyer to be with them, for Matters of qrete diRycultic, may be of this
Counceile, whan they he deiyryd, and els not. All other maters which fchal confcrne this
Counceile, as wlian a Counceilor dyytli, hou a new Counceylor Ichal he cholyn, hou many
howrs of the day this Counceil fchal fyt, whan thay fchal have any Vacation, h u lon-^ any
of them may be ablent, hou he fchal have his leve and licence, w i:h al other Articles, necelliii )■ .
for the Demeanyng and Rule of this Counceile, may be conceyvyd by Icylure, and put in a
Boke, and that Boke kept in this Counceile, as a Regirtre, or an Ordynal, hou thay iciril
do, and be orderyd in every th\'ng.

Chai'. XVI.

How. the Romaynes projperyd^ ivhilcs they had a grete Coiinceyle. I

^Tnf^^^ HE Romaynes, whill their Counceil callid the Senate was grete, gate, thorowe the
fT^vJ =^ Wifdome of that Conceile, the Lordfchip of the grete Parte of the Wo/lde. An 1
cS'-i^'^i^^ afterwards Julyus the firll Emperor, counceilid hy the fame Senate, gate tlu
Monarchic, nerchand of all the World. Wherethorow Ottavyan, theyr fecund P.mjieror,
comaundyd al the World to be difcrivyd, as fubgett unto hym. But after this, whan yll
difpofyd Emperours, as Nero, Domycian, and other had iclayn grete parte of the Senatours, I
and dyfpyfyd the Conceile of the Senate, th'aftate of the Romayns, and of their Emperours,
began to fall downe, and hath fallyn away fithen, unto fuch decay, that now the Lordfchips of |
th'Emperour be not fo grete, as the Lordfchips of fome Kyng, which, while the Senate was
hole, was fubgett to the Emperour ; by which Eniample it is thought, that if the Kyng have
fuch a Conceile as is before efpecyfyed, his Land fchal lUJt only be riche, and weltliy, is were
the Romayns, but alfo his llyghnefs fchal be myghty, and of Power to fubdue his Enn/myes,
and a! other that he fchal lyfte to reygne upon. Of fuch Enfamples many of the Poles of
Cronycles be full. But in efpecial the Cronycles of the Lacedemeneys, and of Athe.iences,
whicli while they protperid, were belt concelid, and moft did, after Conceile, of any People
of the World, except tjic Romanys. But wlian thay lafie \ik\\ Conceile, thay fel into non
Power and Povertie ; as of tlie Cyte of Athenes hyt may well appere, by that it is now but a
Poer Vyllage, and fumtyme was the moft worfchipful Cyte of Grece.

0)1 the Moruuxhy of E7i'yla?id. 471

Chap. XVII.

Here folh-iven Advcrtijen.ents, for the gevyng of the Kyngs OffyccS.

ISS^"^ yt would like tlie Kyng to gyve non Office, unto the tyme that hys Entent
f^ih (-^^ therin be communed with his Counceile, and their Opynyoun by his Mighnefle
vtAr^fcs^ underftoud in the ianie, he fchal fo reward liis Servainus with Offices, that ther
fchal be lytill nede, to gyve them much of hys Lyvelood, and his Offices fchal than be gevyn
to fuch, as fchal only lerve hymlelf. \'\Mierthorough, he fchal than have a gretter might, and
a Garde oi his Officers, whan he lyile call them, than he harh now of all his other feed iVlen
under the Aftate of Lords, and other the i'Jobles. For the Might of the Land, after tlie
Myght of the gretteft Lords, ftondith moll in the Kyngs Officers. Lor thay may bcil rule
the Cuntreys, \vhere their Offices ben, which is in every paite of this Lond ; and a mean
Bayliffe may do more, in his Ilayly-Weke, than any iVlan ot his Degree, dwelling within his
Office. Some Forefter of the Ivyngs, that hath none other Lyvelood, may bring moo Men
to the Feld well arrayed, and namely for fchoting, than may fum Knight, or fum Efquier,' of
right grete Lyvelood, dwellyng by him, and having non C3iflce. What than may grete
Officers do ; as Stewards ot grete Lordfchi[)pis, Receyvers, Conllables of Calkdlis, Mafter
Forefters, and fuch other Officers; befides the High Officers, as juftices of b'orefts, Juftices
and Chaniberleyns of Cuntreis, the Warden of the Ports, and fucli other ? h or loth it is
not lightly eftemable, what Might the King may have of his Officers, yt every of them had
but one Office, and ferved non other Man but the Kyng. Now it is eafye to be efteemyd
hou many Men may be rewardyd with Office, and hou gretely yf thay be dyfcretely gevyn.
The Kyng gevyth moo tlian a thoufand Offices, befyds thoos that my Lord Prince gevith,
of vvhich 1 rekyn the Officers, as the Kyngs Officers. Of thees Officers fum may defpend
by the Yere, by Reafon ot his Office, two hundred pounds, fome one luuidted jiounds, fome
forty pounds, fome fifty Marks, and io downward. So as the Idle of them, though he be bur
a Parker, takyng but two Pens by the Day, yet he hath by the Yere forty Ihillings and
ten pence, befide his Dwellyng yn the Lodge, his Fewell, his Cowe tor his Mylk, and lucli
other thyngs goyng about hym," (befide Rewards) as profitable as would be tyve Pounds ot
Rent or Fee yerely, vvhich is a fair Lyvyng for a Yeoman. I lou many Men then of every
Aftate, and of every Degree, and hou gretely may the Kyng reward with Officys, without
gyvyng away of his Lyvelood. For loth the gretteft Lord's Lyvelood in Englond may not
fuffice to reward ib many Men, though he would departe yt every Dele' among his Serva.mts.
Nor two of the grettell: Lords in F.nglond may make io grete a Migiu as the King may
have only of his Officers, if they were holy and onely his Servaunts, and that every ot them

' tjtow's copy adds, " or gciitlumi-n."

■ Lambeth and Stow's MSS. rcLul, atur " C03 iig about him," '• and llic Ucs iur liis olhcf, ll> .is that office is
to him aho profitable as would be t^ve Pounds." ■' '■>-■• e\eiy part, all.



0?! the Mo?ui?'c/n' of RjigUnid.

had but one Office. To this fayen fuch Lords and other Men, fuch as axen of the Kyng,
Offices tor their Servaunts, that they and all their Servants ichal always ferve the Kyng, and
his Officers Ichal do hyni the better Service, by Reafon thay be in tneir Service. For they
woll help them to do fo, and lufTre non other in theli- Company, but fuch as woll do foo.
Wherto it may be laid, that yt ys true that they Ichal do the Kyng Service while thay
he in their Company; but io fcliulde they have done, though the Kyng had never made
them his Officers. Wherfor the Kyng fchal not be the better frrvyd, that he hath gevyn his
Office to their Servaunts, hut rather woric. I'or, as our Lord laid, " Nc»w fulejl diiohus
Dominis fd) vire." Vov fo the Kyng fchal lefc ' the Officers for any finguler Service he fchal
have of them, or that the fime Officers fchal thynk themfelf beholdyng to the K)ng for
their Offices, which his liighnels hath gevyn them at the Contemphition and Kequefte of
their Mailers ; and for no lieward of any Service that they Iku'c done or Ichal do unto
hymfelf By Confideration wherof their old Mafters fchal be better fervyd bv them than
thay were before ; and the more myghty in their Cimtreys to do what them hfle \ and the
Kyng in lefie might, and have the fewer Officers to reprelTe them whan thay do amylic.
And this hath caulid many Men to be fuch Broggars " and Sucours * to the Kyng, for ro
have his Offices in their Cuntreyys to themfell, and to their Men, that almoft no M u\ m
fome Cuntreyys durlT: take an Office of the Kyng, but he fyrll had tlie good Wil of ho is
Broggars, and Ingrocers of Offices.' For, it he did not ioo, he Ichuld not after that tyi le
have Peace in his Cuntrey ; whereof hath comyn and grovvyn, many grete Trobills and
Debats, in dyvers Cuntreyys in Englond. Which Matters thorowly confydered, yt femy h
verely good that no Man have any Office of the Kyngs Cjyfte, but that he be firiT: fworo i,
that he is Servaunt to non other Man, nor woll lerve any other Man, or take his Clot lyi g
or Fee while he fervith the Kyng. And that no Man have moo Offices than one, excepte
that the Kyngs Brethren may have two Offices. i\nd that luch Men as ferve the Kyng
aboute his Perfone, or in his Conceile, may have in their Cuntrcys a Parkerfchip, or Foreft,
for their Difporte whan they come home, or fuch another Office as thay may well kepel by
their Deputyes.

Chap. XVIIL '•

Advert fyemeiits hon Corodies, and Peucions may heft he gevyn.

ND if it will like the Kyng to gyve no Corodye nor Pencion, which he hath by
Right of his Crown, of every Abbey, Priorye, and other Houfes fow idyd upon
Hofpitalite, by any of his Progenytours, unto the tyme that his Kntei.c therin be
communyd and delyveryd with his forefaid Counceile, and that his Mighiiefs have under-

' i.e. iol'e.

^ " Suttiirh " in Stow's copy, mtLiiiiiit,' fuitors.

i.e. (probably), br
Stows copy adds

■ oi the


On the Monarchy of E/nr/and. 47 3

ftoud their Opynyoun in the fame. Than fhall Men of his Houflioiilde be rewardyd with
Corodyes, and have honefte Sufknaunce in their olde Dayys, whan they may no lonf^er ferve ;
and the Clerks of his Chapeil that have Wifes, or be not avaunfyd, be rewardyd with Penfions,
without grete abatyng of the Kyngs Revenues, for their Rewards or Sulleiiauncys ; for fuc[i
Corodyes and Penfions were fyrft ordeynyd, and gyvyn to the Kyng, for the fame luitciu.
But now of late tyme, other Men than the Kyngs Servaunts hath afkyd them, and by
importune Sewte, have gettyn grete parte of them, to the Kyngs grete Flarme, and Hurte of
his faid Servaunts. Which by the Caufe therof lyvyn in the gretter Penurye, and in none
Sewertie of their Suftenaunce in tyme comyng, whan they fliall not may do Servyces.'

Chap. XIX.

Hozv grete Goode loyl! growe, of the forme' endoivyng of the Croivne.

yAWi|ND whan the Kyng, by the meanys aforefiid or otherwife, hath getyn ageyn his
fc^v^^ Lyvelood, yf than yt well like his moil: noble (jrace to elV.iblifch, and as who


'"'S'-ts^ fayth, Amortyfe the lame Lyvelood to his Crowne, fo as it may never be aHenyd
therfro, without Afient of his Parlement, which than would be as a new Foundatiun of the
Crowne, he fchal be therby the grettefl: Fov/nder of the Worlde. b'or theras other Ivyn^s
have fowndyd Byfchopriches, Abbeys, and other Houfys of Religioun, the K\ng fchal
then have fowndyd a hole Realme, and endowyd yt with grete Poirellions, and better than
ever was any Realme in Cryllendome. This maner of Fundation may not be ageyn the
Kyngs Pra-rogatifF, or his Libertie, no more than the Fundation of an Abbay, foi whiche
he may take no Parte of the Poifeirions, which he hath ons gevyn them, without th'alTent
of their Covent. But this maner ot F^ndowment ot his Corowne, fchal be to the K\-n" a t
gretter PrasrogatifF, in that he hath than enryched his Corovvne with IulIi Riches and
Poiredions, as never Kyng fchal may take from yt, without th'Adent of his hole Realme. |
Nor this may be to the Fluit of the Pnrrogatife or Power ot liis Succeirors ; for, as it is
fchewyd before, yt is no Prerogatiff or Power to may leele any Good, or to may wnlle, or I
or put it awaye. For all fuch thyngs comith of Impotencye, as doth Power to be lykc or
to wax old. And truly if the Kyng do this, he fchal do thereby dayly more Aimes, than
fchal be done in all the Foundations that ever were in Englond. l-'or every Man jt the
Land fchal, by this Foundation, every day be the meryar, the fewrer, fire the better in his
Body, and in all his Goods, as every wife Man may well conceyve. The Fundatii is' of
Abbeys, of Hofpytallis, and of fuch other Moufys, ar no thyng in comparyfon here:.! : For
this fchal be a College in which fchal fyng and pray for evermore al the Men ot F.nglond,

■ Here the Lambeth MS. ends. '^ i.e. firm. ^ Here the Laud MS. ends abru|.lly.

3 ^

474 On the Monarchy of E7igla?id.

Spiritual and Temporal, and their Song fchal be fuch amonges other Antemes : BlefTyd be
our Lord God, that hath fent ' Kyng Edward the IV"' to rcygne upon us. He hath done
more for us than ever dyd Kyng of Englond, or might have done before h)- n. The ITarnies
that hath fallyn in gettyng of his Realme, ben now by hym turnyd into our alier Good and
Profit. We fchal now enjoye our own Goods, and lyve under Juftice, whicii wc have not
done of long time, God knowyth. Wherfor of his Almes yt ys that we have all that is our
own And thcrfor God continue his Grace and Perfone in long LyfFe with Increfe, in
Honour and Magnificence, to his Plart's Defyer, and Wclth of this his Realme. i

Ch.-vp. XX.

Advertij'cnunt for making of Patents f G)fts.

c^y'?w|1^YT Is not ment by the PremyfTys, but that the Kyng without the Aflent of hvs
^ pSS'l S Parleament fchal gyve to fuch as do his Grace fingulcr Service, Land fur Terine

'i^Ci^'^fe&i: of their Lyfys. I'or thcrby his Corowne may not be Hyflieryted ; for that Land
will {ijiie come ageyn. But than it were good that tlie fime 1 .and be no more after gevyn ;
for els Importune Sutours woll gape upon fuch Reverfions, and often tyiiies axe them or
thay be fallyn. And when they be f^illyn, the Kyng fchal have no Refle with fuch Sutours,
unto the tyme his Llighneffe have gevyn ageyn all fuch Lands as he hath ons gevyn. And
by Contenuance therof, that Lond ichal not ferve hym but for Gyftys, as done Offices,

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