John Fortescue.

The works of Sir John Fortescue, Knight, Chief Justice of England and Lord Chancellor to King Henry the Sixth (Volume 1) online

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woman was, as I thoo wrote, fpoken to all the kynde ot women, as the wordes tho fpoken
by God to the firfte man were faid to all mankynde. This matier ye now defyre that I woll
fo declare, and alfo the matiers of a booke which I wrote in Laten to enforce myne intent
herein, as the kynge our fouerayne lorde be not harmed be theym in his titlis of Englonde
or of Fraunce. Syr, as to the fyrrte poynte in whiche ye defyre my declaracion, I hope to i

finde not difficulte. For our lorde fiyde not in his forfayd Juggement that a woman lliuld
be vnder the power and lordfhipp of all men, or of many men, but he fayd indifSnytely or I

indetermynably that fhe Hiulde be vnder the power and lordfliipp of man; which is true yf
ilie be vnder the power or lordfliippe of eny man. For logycions fayne, i^iod propojicio I

itidiffinita cjl vera ft i>i al'uiuo Juppofito ilia fit vera, and by that Reafoune fhe is vnd)re the
power and lordfhippe of man yf in any kynde of fubjecion ihe be vndyr the power and
lordfhippe of any man. Wherfore howe be it that thar beth many kyndes of lordfhippes
called by dyuerfe names in Latin, as is, Doniniinm Regak, Dowiniioji Politiciim, Dominii in ^ ^^^^
dfpolicuiii, and fuch other, yf a woman be vnder the power of man in oone of the kyndes of
lordefhippes, fhe is vndere the lordfliipp of man. And that euery woman is vnder tne
power and lordfhippe of fume one man, which is alle that fhe is arted vnto by the forfaid
Juggement in Genefis, may not be denied ; for euery woman is vnder the power and lord-
fliippe of the pope, whiche is a man, and he vicare of Grille, God and man. And though i

534 T^^^ Declarac'wii

his power and lordfliippc were hut fpirituell, yet the beinge vndyr that power and lordfhippe
is a heinge vnder the power and lordlhippe of man. Wherfoie the forfaid texte of Genefis,
or eny thinge by me deduced therof, may not prove that a woman may not reigne in a
kyngdome of whiche the kinge hath no foueragne in temporaltes, fithen fche abideth aiway
fubget to the pope. And by the fame reafoune it may not hurtc the kynge in his titles to
his forfayd twoo Roialmes.


The artfu- Item this matier is argued in the forlaid Latin boke in this forme. God commaunded,

avcnft \vo- '^'^'^ '-'y ^'^ juggement eftablyfhed that euery woman fhalbe vnder the power and lordiliippe

man in the of man ; than, by the fame comniaundment and juggement he commaunded tliat no woman

fhalbe free or exempt from the power and lordfliippe of man ; for, as I wrote there, Precepto

vno contrarioriim eorum alterum prohiberi necejfe eft. But a woman to reigne in u kyngdome

of whiche the kingdome is fubget to no man in temporaltes, is a woman to be fre and exen^pt

from the po^ver and lordfliippe of man ; hit fliall thanne neceffarily enhie that no woman may

f. 321. reigne in any fuche kyngdome; tor it were luppremely aiivi foueraynly to reigne vppon m;m ;

wherthorough ilie wer thanne not vndyr the power and lordfhippe of man. This is ihe

ftrengyft argument that is made in the faid boke by reafoune of the forfiyd texte of Guiens.

Wherfor yf this argument be clerely dyftroyed, the tyrfte matier wjiiche ye defyre lie to

declare is than clerely declared. Nowe truly I am right fory that euer I made eny fuche

argument ; for it is an informyle tale, and no kynde of filogilme. Wherfor the minor is

inpolfible, and tharfor not true ; and the conkquent, yt it might be calkde a confequent, is

not necelfarie. Wherfore this niaiier oi Argument proueth no thinge.

FarteJ'cu. 1

Here is The forfaid minor is this. A woman to reign in a kingedome of whiche the kinue is

proued t at fubget to noo man in temporaltes, is a woman to be free, and exempt from the power and
with oute lordfhippe of man. l<'yriT:e it nedytli that it be vndyrlkinde that alle that we fpeke of kinge

( uer.iy e ,^^^j kin^edome in this dilputacion niulle be vudyrftoiule of Crvllcii kyntres, and thaire

temporaltes. o ' ' J J a '

kyngdomes, though tharin we name thayme not io. TJianne tlius ther is not, or ma}' be,
by poUibilite, eny kingedome of whiche the kinge in temporaltes is fubget to no man ; for
all kynges beth membres off holy Chyrche, of which our holy tader the i'ope is Vicare to
Cryfte as liede, fiynge the Appulk'll OiiDiis viri caput Criftiis eft, to alle the
membres of the Chyrche, as to the hede tharof, beth and ought to be kil g-tres, and
obedyentes. Wherfor thanne it wolle followe neceffaryly that any kinge to be not fubget
to any man is unpoflible, fythen euery kinge as a membre of holy Chirch, is fubjeCte to the
Pope. Thanne whethir this fubgeccione be only of his perfone, or alio ot and in his perfone
and his kingdome, which bothe be temporales oiiely, now remaneth to be proved. And to

upon Cej'tayji W^'yt'niges. 535

prove that he and his kingdome, and alfo he in his kingdome and in all other of his tempo-
ralties, beth fubget vnto the Pope, I procede in this maner. Or Cryftc was conceyved, God
faid of him by his Aungell to his moder theis wdrdes Dabit illi Doiiiinits Dcia Jakm Daiiid
fdtris ejus, et regnabit in domo Jacob in eternum, et 7-eg)ii ejus non erit Jiais. Of which
wordes this is the fcntence. God proniitted by his Aungell that Grille Jcfus fliulde haue
the eftate and dignite of Dauid which was kynge of Ifrael, and that lie fluild reigne in that
kingdome, which in the forfaid wordes the Aungell called the houfe ot Jacob, for Jacob was
called Ifiaell, of whom all the people of that Roialme were defcended. And thartor by him,
and of him, that roialme was called the kingdome ot Ifracll, in whiche the Aungell faid that
Crifte ihiuld reigne for euerniore, and that ther fhuld neuer be ende of his reigne. Ifraell by
interpretacion is a man that feeth God ; thanne is not the kingdome of whiche the aungell
thoo fpake the kingdome of Jewes, for they feen nat God, and alio thaire kingdome is
endede ; but it is the kingdome of all Cryllen men, which onely amonge al mankynde ieen
God, and euyr fhall lafte, and nowe is called all holy Chyrche. In this kyngdome nowe
rtyneth Cryfte by his vicare, and euer ihall reygne, tor he promitteth to be with vs vnto the ,

ende of the worlde, as fomtyme reyned Dauid in the kingdome ot liraell while he lyvede.
And fithen all the Princes and Subjec^es of Kinge Dauid were his fubjeiitis in thair perloiies,
and in thair pofl'etTions, why than beth not now all the kinges and princes ot the chirche
fygured by the kintidome of Dauid, al fo wcle lubjCL-fcs to the Pope in thaire perfones, as in
thair temporaltes ? Ivinge David toke not from his fiibgetts thaire goodes or pofleniouns t- 3-2.
with oute iurte caufe ; but yit he compelled the princes ot euery Tribe to rule jutlely thair
fubjedles, and els he puniflied thaynie for thaire detautes. So thogh the Pope toke not from
the kings thair goodes and poiTeilions with outen caufe, yet lie ought compelle theym to rule
jurtely thaire fubjeds, and els to punyflie theym for thaire neglygens and defauts. Hius
Moyfes hanged the princes that punylhed not thaire fubjedes whainie they hadde offended.
Thus haue Popes punyfshed Eniperours and Kinggis when thay haue myfrulyd thaire
fubjefts, as we rede in Cronicles of olde dais; tor thay ought to correc'te thaire owne |
fubjeftes whanne thay offended. So ought the Pope to eorrefte tlieym whanne thay offende;
and els thaire detautes flialle remayne vnpunyfshed, which God wold not. And therfor |
Crifte is Kiiige of all Kinges, and lord of all the worlde; havynge in the handes of the
Pope his vicare, both fwerdes ; for which he is called [ie\ et ^dcerdos, and compellith all i

princes as well fjiintuell, as temporell to come to his gret councelles. By which matiers, and I
by many moo which wolde afke grete trait of tyme yf thay finilde be fpecified, it nay
vndoubtedly appere that ther is now noo kingdome in the Erthe, of Criften men, of w'licli
the kinge is not iubjecte, alio welle in temporaltes, as fpiritualtes, Wherthrough the foi.ayd
minor is now clerely proved unpolhble, and therfor it may not be tru.

... .•bs'ii-N

^1 il oiliri


The Declaracio7i

Here is tlie
of tlie lor-
I'ayd argu-
ment dil-

f. 322 b.

h'ortejcii. ' , .

And fithcn the minor of" the forfaid argument is proved impofiible and tharfor vntruc,
the conclucion, called the confecjuent, is not neceHarye, and therfor not good by logyke,
or eny other faculte ; wherthrough it maketh no nianer profe or evydence ayenlle the
right of iucceflion of women in kingdomes, as by the fiid argument was intended. And
though the faid minor hadde be poiTible and true, yet the confequent tharof wolde haue
made no good argumente ; for though a kynge be not fubjeifte to any man in temporaltes.
yet it folowith not tharof that fuch a kinge is not fubjede to any man Jiinplictter ; quia
arguetido a quo adfimpliciter, non valet argumeHtuiii.

The lerned
man holdylli
hym content.

The Lerned Man.
Then faid the torfiid lerned man in this wyfc, Truly Syr, ye have nowe declared
thies matieres fo openly and clerly that thcr rcnuiyneth no matier of evydence ayenlle the
Kinge or his Roialmes by reafoune of the jugement yovcn by God a yenfte woman, v ha me
he faid Eris Jub foteftate v'lri et ipje doniinahituy tui, which was the moolle fore nia-ier
ayenfire the inherytaimce of woman in kingdomes.

f. 323.

The Lerned Man.
The lyuere But Syr, I remembre me well that I haue redde a writinge made in your name in vhiche

ue ytie doubtcd whethir that Phelyppe moder to Roo;er fometyme Erie of Marche, of vvhome

heires of the ' •' ' ' a 1 '

duke of the Kynge is defcended, were the doughter of Syr Lyonell Duke of Clarence, and whedcr the

fame Duke had any iffue thatovir levid him or no ; for ye fiid that ye had not leen nor har le
of any man that hadd k&n any recorde provinge that the faid Philipp, or eny of hn-e lieiri s,
or that other perionne hadde euir any lyuere in the Chauncerie, or otherwyfe, of any lorde-
(hippes or other lyvelode that were fomtyme to the faid duke of Clarence. Natheleile I
mervell not grettly of youre ignorance tharin ; tor I can well fiippoie that befor v.our
departinge out of this londe ye delt not moche with that inheritaunce, and tharfor made
navir fcrche for the lyuerez tharot. And while ye were by yonde the fee, ye miglit not fe
eny fuche recorde. But Sir, now that ye beth come hider ye may with oute difficulte
fe recordes, proving fuch liuerez made alfo well to the faid Phillip, as to diuerfe of hire ill'ue,
as heires to the forfaid duke, and alfo as heires to the docheiTe his wyfe dame Elizabeth
moder to faid Philippe, as here after ye lliall neuer haue iloute, or finde difficidte in that
matier. Whervpone the fime lerned man Ichevyd vnto the fiid l'"ortefcu, a copye of
an accompte made in the Efcheker in the dais ot Kinge Edward the thirde in th 'S v^ordes:
In compoto Johannis GreJJingham EJcheatoris Regis in Cumitatibus Norfolci^e et Suffolci.e
computatur a vigefimo Jeptimo die hlovembris anno quadragefrnio fecundo, tifque ad annum quad-
ragefimum otlavum, de aliquibus exitibus manertorum de IValjyngham feu CreJ'eham qu,e

! ,1;


.1 ......^

a1 if> .1

upo?i Cert ay >i JFyy tinges. 537

Leonellus miper Dux Clarencice defiinilus tcnuit per legem Angl'ue poft wortein Elizabethce
quofidam i/xoris fua' de rege in capite ut de Jiereditate Pliilipp.e fil'ue el heredis prediclorum
Leonelli el Elizabelhce, ficut continetiir tranjcripio cujujditm inquifilionis el exlenta; :oram diHo
Rjcheatore hide aipta fupcr hunc compotum decimo-feptimo die OHobris iviuo qiiadngefiuw tertio,
quo die idem Dux obiil, et ditlus Ejcheator maneria ilia per mortem ipjius Ducis cepit in
matium regis uj'que vigefimum quartum diem Augujli fequentis, quo die ditla Philippa quam
Edmundus de vwrtuo mari Comes Marchiue duxit in uxor em ^talem Juam Jufficienter probavit,
et rex cepit fide lit a tern ipfius comitis regi de omnibus Urris et tenement is qu<e pra'diitus
nuper dux tenuit tarn in dominico Jiio ut de feodo, quam per legem Anglue poft: mortem
prcedin.e Elizabetha quondam uxoris J'UiS, matris ipfius Philippic de hereditate ejufidem
Philipp.e debitatn, et eijdem comiti et Philippce omnes terras el tenementa predi^a cum
pertineutiis reddidit, ac Rex per breve Juum datum eodem vigefiimo quarto die Aug ifti
precipit di5lo Eficheatori eijdem comiti et Philipp^e de omnibus terris et tenemenlis predi -lis
plenam Jeifiinam habere facere non R. et eel By whiche recorde it clerely apperith that the '

forfayd Philippe was doughter and iieire to the forfaid duke of Clarence, and to EHzabeth
hiswyte; and that fche, and the Erie of March hire houfbond had iiuere in the Kings
Chaunceric of all the landis and tenements whiche the forfaid duke hekle the day ot his deth
in his demeane as of fee ; and alfo of all thoo iandes and tenements which he held by the
curtefy of Englonde after the deth of the forfayd Dochefle. And ouir this, the forfayd
lerned man offered to hate Oiewed to the forfayd Fortefcu diuerfe other recordes as well of f- ^Q-
the Efcheker, as of the Chauncerie, proving all the premiffes if he wold haue goten with ,

hym into the fime Courtes.


Wherunto Fortefcu, I pray you. Sir, to fhew to me no moo records of this matier. For , ,

this fuffyfith to put oute of my mynde alle the doute that I hadde in this matier. For fithen
the faid Philippe and her huibande hadde lyuere as heire to the forfaid duke in oone Countee, |

it may not be douted but that thay hadd lyke Iiuere in euery Countee of Englonde wher as
the faid due hadd any lyfelode. And thoughe thay hadde not, yet it apperith that thay I

ought to haue hadde.

The Lerned Man, I

Then faid the lerned man in this wyfe, Syr, while ye were in Scotteland ye wrote howe f. 30 b.
kinge Henry the firft hadde iffue a doughter wedded to the Emperoure of Almayne, b/ '
whome flie hadd no iffue ; but after his deceafe fhe was wedded to the Erie of Angeou,
and had iffue by him a fonne afterward called Henry fitz Empreffe ; and that kinge diede
without eny other iffue. After whofe deth this londe wold not fuffre his doughter to reygne

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53^ The Declarac'w7i

upon hem, by caufe, as ye fayd, it was not inheritable by woman ; and by the fame reafonne
thay wolde not fuffre hire fonne to be thaire kinge by title of her; but tliay ehufe thanne
Stephen Erie of Boloyne, fuller fonne to the faid kinge, to be thai:e kinge ; whieh by forcj
ot that eleccion was made and emioynted Kinge of F.nglonde, and i'o reigned more thanne
eighteen yere. And after that, whanne the fonnes whiche the laid Kinge Stephen hadde
were dede, accorde toke bitwene him and Henry fitz KmpreHe that the fame Henry fhuld
after his decefe have the kingdome of England to him, and to his heires males, for
euermore ; of whiche eliate he was thanne made fure by audorite of parliament, by which
title he and his illue hath reyned in this land alle waye fethenne. Syr, me femythe whanne
ye wrote this ye knewe not well the Chronicles that beth wryten of Kinge Stephen, and of
Henry fitz r.mprelVe. I''or certaynly Kinge Stephen come not to this londe by eleccion.
Nor Heni-y fitz b.mprefl'e was entitled tharin by audoryte of parlanient. Wherfor fithea
ye be now in this londe, where ye may ferche and find the trouthe therot^ which ye knew
not then, me thitiketh it were for you nowe to make fuche ferche, and thanne to declare by
your wrytinge the clerneflc; and trouthe ot this niatier ; for els the Kings title, as well to
this londe, as to his Roialme of Fraunce, might be dyfFamed and hurte by coloure of our
fayde wrytinge, which I knowe well ye wolde not wer fo in any wyfl'e.


f. 224 b. I thanke"you my frende, for your counceyll. But yet truly I haue done alle redy as ye

The terche ,iow aduyfe mc. And therfore I ihalle fchewe vnto you in articles, what 1 haue founcc in

ing the for- fondrye Cronicles of th. matier. I'yrfle I find m a Cronicle written by a worfliipfLdl cl.irke

(ayd maticr. called Radulphus de Duceto lumtyme Deane of Pawles, how vndyr the ycre of ou • L'tde

one thoufand one hundred and thirty -five, he writeth thele wordes,' Rex Anglor Henry cus

cum regnajfet anuis triginta quinque, quatuor etiam me>ijlhus, decejjit apud SanBus Dion'^fium '

in Silua Leonuni, et in Anglia Jepiiltus eft apud Radinguiii.' Hugo Bygod Senejcalluni regis

■veniens in Angliam, coram Archiepifcopo Cantuarienfi Jacramento probauit quod duni Rex

Henricus ageret in extremis, ortis quihufdam inimiciis inter ipj'um et imperatricem, ipjam ex

heredauit, et Stephanuni BuloiUce Comitem heredon inftituit. IViUiehnus Cantuarienjis ^■)itmis

credulus verbis Sentfai/Ii, Ste/duiniim Moritonii ' Comitem conj'ecrauit in Regent rpud Weft-

monafterium. By whiche wortles it apperith that Kinge Stephen was made Kinge of

Englande, and the Empreffe put from that aftate oonely by the reporte of tin; Stewarde of

the Kings Houfe, to whiche the Archebiishope gave to halty credence. Whi rthorough it

apperith that the fame Kinge Stephen was not cholen to be Kinge of Englon le, as is con-

teyned in the forfayd wrytinge made m Scotelanei.

' Twyfden, Decern Scriptores. '^ St. Denis Ic Formeiu in Noniiaiuly.

^ Reading. ■* Moretoil in Normmuiy, ol' \ Stepiieii was count.

■■■>! lljlad


tipo?2 Cei'tayn JFrjtinges. 539

Item I fiiide in the fame Crom'cle howe that in the yere of our lordc onr thouf;ini.l one Amjilur
hundred and fifty-two, Menry fitz iMnpreOc cntred into this londe wherof the fful eronitles
wrytyth under thees wordes llcnricus dux Normannonimintrauil AnyJiiDn hi uhuiii valula tnjra
ouiavas Epiphanie, Cajlelhtm de Malmejbiiry oh/edit, et mllitcs iiiliis ubfi-[Jos ad dcdiciinieni
coegit. Eujlachius filius Regis mortiius cjl. By which it apperith that in the lyffe of Kinge '• .*-5-
Stephen, and by fore any accorde made with him, 1 lenry fitz Emprefle claymed this
londe in his owne right as inherytor tharoff; for at the tyme of his entre he hadd non
othere tharto.

Item in the yere of oure lorde one thoufand one hundred and fifty-three tie faid Item anoilier
Cronicler' writeth in this wyfe Eueiiit qiiud iiii)!ime credcbatur, diffcvicio regui non dirimitiir in
gladio. Partibus euocatis h'lnc et inde tranjaccio celebrata eft ; diligencia internenit Archiepijcopi
Cantuarienfis et aiitloritas plurium operata eft : IFintonieufis Epijcopi profuit J'olicitudo :
coepi/coporum ajfenfiis non defuit ; defuit procerum et co-nciliiim et co>ifenfus. Et ut noftri
majores videantur a legibus aliquid accepijfe^ novi aliquid a legibus Jumpferunt. Ducemfi quidetn
Normannorum Rex in filium arrogavit et in eiim jus Juum tranftulit, -et poteftatem fibi coad-
junxent, regi^ dignitatis J'olam ymaginem referravit. Et Ji profeticiim illiid attenderis, jam Je
indiiit genitore, jam ducem arrogavit in filium : In participem regni et poft modum JucceJJorum
iiniverfi ducem recipient : In rege ducem et in duce regem finguli venerabuntur. By this
Cronicle it apperith that the accorde made betwene Kinge Stephen, and Henry fitz Emprefle
was a priuat peas, and covenant made betwene hem by the meanys of fpirituell men for the
terme of the lyff"e ot Kinge Stephen, and toke no longer any effedte, for it was made by
none auiftorite of parlyment ; as it exprefleiy apperith, by the fame Cronicle, vndir thees
wordes. Epijcoporum ajfenjus non defuit, defuit procerum. et confiUum et conjenjus. What
wordis may more clerly fhewe that it was not made by audorite of parliament than doon
thies wordes that feyn there lacked to this acconle the councell and afl'ent of the nobles
temporals of the londe ?

5 b.

Fortefcu. j-

Item in an other Cronicle wrytten under the yere of oure lorde one thoufand one Another
hundred and fifty-two is conteyned thus, Stephanus Rex Anglorum et Henricus dux Nor- *^'<^""^''
mannorum cognatus ejus, oBo Idus nouemhris Jufticid de celo projpiciente, concordati funt Ii'jl
modo. Rex prius recognouit in co)iuentu Epifcoporum et comitum et relinquorum optimaium

' Twyldcn, Decern Sirijjtoreb. i

54° '/'//•£.' Declaracio9i

hereditarium jus quod dux Uenricus hahelat in Regno Anglite, et dux benigni concejfit vt rex
tola vita fun Ji vellet reinium te>ierct. And in lyke fournie is wrytten the fame yere, quaji
de verba in verhum, in the (Jronicle Mores Hyftoriarum. By which it exprefTely apperith
that Kinge Stephen know leiiged that Henry fitz Kmpretli.' which was thoo entied into
Englondc, hadd right to the faid londe as his inherytaunce ; and that after tliat accorde, the
faid King Stephen had no right tharin but by the graunte (f I lenry fitz Empreffe.

Tlie Lerned Man.
The trt;(R.' Whervpon the forfaid lerned man than fayd in this maner. Faithfully Syr, me thinketh

tnyii'iTom- '■'^^'- ^^ ^^'"^"-"^ '•''^"'^ S'^°^' '^"^^ efl-eduell diligence in the ferch of the Cronicles. Wliich be
i-'l^-^- right playne, and prouen clerly that Kinge Stephen was neuer chofen by tl e londe to be

kinge tharof; and alio that Henry iitz EmprelTe was Kinge tharof of his owne inhery-
taunce, as fonne and heire to the Empreffe doughter to Kinge Henry the fyrfte; and that
he cam not to this londe by title of eleccion, or by auiflorite of parlyament, as was fuppofid
by the torfayd wrytinge made in Scoteland. Wherthorough than it openly apperith that 1 e
had right tharin by his moder, wliiche right he enjoyed all his lyfe, and fo haue done al h s
f J26. childer fithen. And by the fame reafoune Roger fometyme Erie of Marche, foni e tJ

Philippe douglitcr to the fayd Duke of Clarence, elder brother to prynce Edward, fadjr to
K inge Richardc ought to haue liadd this Roialme as next heire to Kinge Riciiarde. By w hich
confideracione Kinge Richard made the fame Erie of Marche to be proclaymed in parlya-
ment his heyre apparent, beynge ther tho prefent the Duke of Lancafter, and his fonne the
Erie of Derby, whiche after the dethe of King Richarde reygned as Kinge ot Englom. e
callyd Kinge Henry the fourth. Which right to the Crowne is defcended from the fayd
Roger fometyme Erie of JVIarche, to the Kinge our fouerayne lorde, as to his Cofynne and
heire, that is to faynge fonne to Rycharde, fonne to Anne, daughter ot the iame Rogere Hrle
ot iVIarche ; as is in an article before fpecially declared. And by lyke tytle, defcent, and
right, our fayd fouerainge lorde ought to haue the Roialme of b'raunce by KabcU moder to
Kinge Edwarde the thirde doughter atid heire to the Kinge of b'raimce. ■ .

The Lerned Man.
Nowe truly Syr, I am gladd that I haue comenyd with you uppon all thes m; tiers. For
how fo be it that when ye wrote them ye intended that thay fluiKl haue been tore agavne
the Kings title by which he tho claymed, and now hath this londe, and fo thay fo\ 'ndyd, and
wer to taken of many men, God knowyth ; yet nowe, biyflcd be God, thay be turned to a
contrarie entent and efTefle, for thay have caufvd alle your forfayd declaracions. By whiche
the faid title is now fo clere and oppenne that ther remayncth to theym that w)-li ftryve
therwith, nether matier nor coloure to do fo. And vereU' ye be worthy grete thanke \ox

i/po?i Certayji lVrytin<ycs. 541

that ye haue thus phnely fayd in thies matiers, not fpariiige your ovvne oppynions whiche
ye helde, while yc ware a parcyallc man; but preferring right a howc wylle, and allc
efFedlions. And where as late ye drad that fuch maner of delynge might luirre your fame,
truly Sir, it may not do fo, for ye haue in no thinge fityd nay to fuch thinges as ye verely
knewe ; but in many things which ye proucd by arguments ye haue now dyfprouyd by
gretter reafons. And many things which ye wrote by intormacions wenynge thay hadd bene
fuch as ye were tho informed, ye have fethen knowen by grete Euydences and Cronicles
that thay were not fuch ; which ye nowe knowledge as ye ought to do. b'or els ye hadd
doone a yen right ; which me thynketh ye be not fo difpoled to doo.



h|^<;j0^HESE verfes are preferved amongll: the RawHiifon iiianulcript;
r&oJ^ Bodleian Library, and have not been before printed. The ori^iial MS.
'!»r;p:^y is in a very old handwriting, and is headed, in more modern characters,
k^-^ " Legal advice to purchafers of land, fccundum Fortcfcue." They are

Online LibraryJohn FortescueThe works of Sir John Fortescue, Knight, Chief Justice of England and Lord Chancellor to King Henry the Sixth (Volume 1) → online text (page 70 of 87)